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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752533/risk-and-protective-factors-for-mental-health-at-a-youth-mass-gathering
#1
Tegan Cruwys, Alexander K Saeri, Helena R M Radke, Zoe C Walter, Daniel Crimston, Laura J Ferris
BACKGROUND: Mass gatherings are well-documented for their public health risks; however, little research has examined their impact on mental health or focused on young people specifically. This study explores risk and protective factors for mental health at mass gatherings, with a particular focus on characterising attendees with high levels of psychological distress and risk taking. METHOD: Data collection was conducted in situ at "Schoolies", an annual informal week-long mass gathering of approximately 30,000 Australian school leavers...
May 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751133/the-threat-of-meningococcal-disease-during-the-hajj-and-umrah-mass-gatherings-a-comprehensive-review
#2
REVIEW
Saber Yezli
The Hajj and Umrah mass gatherings represent many of the risk factors for meningococcal disease and have historically been associated with both local and international outbreaks of the disease. The implementation of strict preventative measures including mandatory meningococcal vaccination with the quadrivalent (A,C,Y,W) vaccine has prevented pilgrimage-associated meningococcal outbreaks and significantly reduced the incidence of the disease at these events. However, meningococcal disease remains an important public health threat at the Hajj and Umrah due in part to the evolving nature of the disease, characterized with diverse and varying geographic trends, fluctuations in incidence and shifts in serogroups and genotypes...
May 8, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695351/global-spread-of-antibiotic-resistant-bacteria-and-mass-gathering-religious-events
#3
Alimuddin Zumla, Esam I Azhar, David S Hui, Shuja Shafi, Eskild Petersen, Ziad A Memish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692279/analysis-of-medical-responses-in-mass-gatherings-the-commemoration-ceremonies-for-the-100th-anniversary-of-the-battle-of-gallipoli
#4
Hüseyin Koçak, Cüneyt Çalışkan, Mehmet Şerafettin Sönmezler, Kenan Eliuz, Fatih Küçükdurmaz
IntroductionMass crowds outside the routine population create a burden of disease on Emergency Medical Services (EMS). The need for EMS in various mass-crowd events may vary. It is especially important to determine the EMS requirement that emerges during the historic commemoration ceremonies in Çanakkale (Turkey).Hypothesis/ProblemThis study aims to determine the unique challenges in the planning of EMS responses provided for people from various countries at the commemoration ceremony for a 100-year-old war and to identify the medical provision of those services...
April 25, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673810/a-systematic-review-of-emerging-respiratory-viruses-at-the-hajj-and-possible-coinfection-with-streptococcus-pneumoniae
#5
REVIEW
Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Samir Benkouiten, Ziad A Memish
BACKGROUND: The annual Hajj to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia attracts millions of pilgrims from around the world. International health community's attention goes towards this mass gathering and the possibility of the development of any respiratory tract infections due to the high risk of acquisition of respiratory viruses. METHOD: We searched MEDLINE/PubMed and Scopus databases for relevant papers describing the prevalence of respiratory viruses among Hajj pilgrims...
April 16, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666748/mass-gathering-enhanced-syndromic-surveillance-for-the-8th-micronesian-games-in-2014-pohnpei-state-federated-states-of-micronesia
#6
Paul White, Salanieta Saketa, Eliaser Johnson, Sameer V Gopalani, Eliashib Edward, Charles Loney, Alize Mercier, Tebuka Toatu, Richard Wojcik, Sheri Lewis, Damian Hoy
Pohnpei State's Division of Primary Health Care implemented enhanced surveillance for early warning and detection of disease to support the 8th Micronesian Games (the Games) in July 2014. The surveillance comprised 11 point-of-care sentinel sites around Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia, collecting data daily for eight syndromes using standard case definitions. Each sentinel site reported total acute care encounters, total syndrome cases and the total for each syndrome. A public health response, including epidemiological investigation and laboratory testing, followed when syndrome counts reached predetermined threshold levels...
January 2018: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664462/mass-gathering-health-considering-triggering-factors-associated-with-acute-cardiovascular-events-using-linked-registry-data
#7
Tanvir C Turin, Mohammad Al Mamun, Mohammed Almekhlafi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555221/influenza-vaccination-among-saudi-hajj-pilgrims-revealing-the-uptake-and-vaccination-barriers
#8
Mohammad Alfelali, Osamah Barasheed, Al-Mamoon Badahdah, Hamid Bokhary, Mohammed I Azeem, Turki Habeebullah, Marwan Bakarman, Atif Asghar, Robert Booy, Harunor Rashid
BACKGROUND: Hajj is the world's largest annual mass gathering that attracts two to three million Muslims from around the globe to a religious assemblage in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The risk of acquisition and transmission of influenza among Hajj pilgrims is high. Therefore, influenza vaccination is recommended, and was monitored frequently among pilgrims from different countries. However, the vaccination uptake among Saudi pilgrims has not been assessed in recent years. OBJECTIVE: This analysis aims to evaluate influenza vaccine uptake among Saudi Hajj pilgrims, and identify the key barriers to vaccination...
March 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552999/the-gillette-stadium-experience-a-retrospective-review-of-mass-gathering-events-from-2010-to-2015
#9
Scott A Goldberg, Jeremy Maggin, Michael S Molloy, Olesya Baker, Ritu Sarin, Michael Kelleher, Kevin Mont, Adedeji Fajana, Eric Goralnick
OBJECTIVE: Mass gathering events can substantially impact public safety. Analyzing patient presentation and transport rates at various mass gathering events can help inform staffing models and improve preparedness. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients seeking medical attention across a variety of event types at a single venue with a capacity of 68,756 from January 2010 through September 2015. RESULTS: We examined 232 events with a total of 8,260,349 attendees generating 8157 medical contacts...
March 19, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536131/world-s-largest-mass-bathing-event-influences-the-bacterial-communities-of-godavari-a-holy-river-of-india
#10
Kunal Jani, Dhiraj Dhotre, Jayashree Bandal, Yogesh Shouche, Mangesh Suryavanshi, Vinay Rale, Avinash Sharma
Kumbh Mela is one of the largest religious mass gathering events (MGE) involving bathing in rivers. The exponential rise in the number of devotees, from around 0.4 million in 1903 to 120 million in 2013, bathing in small specified sites can have a dramatic impact on the river ecosystem. Here, we present the spatiotemporal profiling of bacterial communities in Godavari River, Nashik, India, comprising five sites during the Kumbh Mela, held in 2015. Assessment of environmental parameters indicated deterioration of water quality...
March 13, 2018: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474989/proportion-of-adult-community-acquired-pneumonia-cases-attributable-to-streptococcus-pneumoniae-among-hajj-pilgrims-in-2016
#11
Ali AlBarrak, Badriah Alotaibi, Yara Yassin, Abdulaziz Mushi, Fuad Maashi, Yassein Seedahmed, Mohamed Alshaer, Abdulaziz Altaweel, Husameddin Elshiekh, Abdulhafiz Turkistani, Tanaz Petigara, John Grabenstein, Saber Yezli
BACKGROUND: The Hajj mass gathering is a risk for pneumococcal disease. This study was performed to evaluate the proportion of adult community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) cases attributable to Streptococcus pneumoniae among Hajj pilgrims in 2016. To add sensitivity to etiological attribution, a urine antigen test was used in addition to culture-based methods. METHODS: Adult subjects hospitalized with X-ray-confirmed CAP were enrolled prospectively from all general hospitals designated to treat Hajj pilgrims in the holy cities of Mecca and Medina...
April 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455708/developing-public-health-initiatives-through-understanding-motivations-of-the-audience-at-mass-gathering-events
#12
Alison Hutton, Jamie Ranse, Matthew Brendan Munn
This report identifies what is known about audience motivations at three different mass-gathering events: outdoor music festivals, religious events, and sporting events. In light of these motivations, the paper discusses how these can be harnessed by the event organizer and Emergency Medical Services. Lastly, motivations tell what kinds of interventions can be used to achieve an understanding of audience characteristics and the opportunity to develop tailor-made programs to maximize safety and make long-lasting public health interventions to a particular "cohort" or event population...
April 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396684/genetic-characterization-and-diversity-of-circulating-influenza-a-h1n1pdm09-viruses-isolated-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia-between-2014-and-2015
#13
Anwar M Hashem, Esam I Azhar, Sarah Shalhoub, Turki S Abujamel, Norah A Othman, Abdulwahab B Al Zahrani, Hanan M Abdullah, Maha M Al-Alawi, Anees A Sindi
The emerged influenza A/H1N1pdm09 viruses have replaced the previously circulating seasonal H1N1 viruses. The close antigenic properties of these viruses to the 1918 H1N1 pandemic viruses and their post-pandemic evolution pattern could further enhance their adaptation and pathogenicity in humans representing a major public health threat. Given that data on the dynamics and evolution of these viruses in Saudi Arabia is sparse we investigated the genetic diversity of circulating influenza A/H1N1pdm09 viruses from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, by analyzing 39 full genomes from isolates obtained between 2014-2015, from patients with varying symptoms...
May 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297740/impact-of-a-mass-gathering-alcohol-sobering-facility-on-emergency-resources
#14
Franco Castro-Marin, Steven A Maher, Tomas Navarro, Tomas Nuño, John Whitney, Andrew McDonald, Albert Razo, Christopher Marcuzzo, Russell Chick, Joshua B Gaither
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol consumption has been implicated as an important factor driving the demand for medical care at mass gatherings. Patients exhibiting signs of possible alcohol intoxication are frequently diverted from traditional medical support facilities located within mass gathering events due to their disruptive behavior or need for prolonged observation. This conventional strategy can place additional stress on Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and Emergency Department (ED) resources...
January 3, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287699/from-mass-gatherings-medicine-to-mass-gatherings-health-conclusions-from-the-3rd-international-conference-on-mass-gatherings-medicine-riyadh-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#15
EDITORIAL
S Yezli, A Assiri, H Nabulsi, A Awam, L Blumberg, T Endericks, A Stergachis, S Reicher, B McCloskey, E Petersen, B Alotaibi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229084/serological-study-of-bordetella-pertussis-mycoplasma-pneumonia-and-chlamydia-pneumonia-in-iranian-hajj-pilgrims-with-prolonged-cough-illnesses-a-follow-up-study
#16
Masoud Rahimian, Mahdi HosseiniB
INTRODUCTION: Hajj pilgrimage is the biggest and longest mass gathering in the Muslim world. Annually, about 50% of more than 2.5 million pilgrims participating in this ritual get involved in severe devastating coughs. Most coughs continue, so the pilgrims turn back home and transmit them to family members and other people. Despite the high prevalence of coughs for many years, what causes them remains unknown. Considering the pertussis-like clinical picture of the so-called "hajj coughs", the researchers conducted a study to measure antibodies against three known common atypical bacteria, namely Bordetella Pertussis, Chlamydia Pneumonia and Mycoplasma Pneumonia...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227598/event-medicine-pearls-and-pitfalls-of-managing-mass-gatherings
#17
Brian Higgins, Jared McKinney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JEMS: a Journal of Emergency Medical Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219139/a-point-source-outbreak-of-acute-gastroenteritis-among-school-students-in-kerala-india
#18
P S Rakesh, Rajeswaran Thiagesan, Rakesh Ramachandran
An outbreak investigation was initiated following an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis among schoolchildren in Kottarakara. Steps included active search for cases at schools, describing the outbreak in terms of person, place, and time, generating hypothesis based on the findings from descriptive study, environmental observations, and testing the hypothesis using a case-control design. The final line list consisted of 871 children from different schools who attended a Republic Day parade. Having consumed the lemon juice near railway station (odds ratio [OR] 29...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122373/characteristics-and-resource-utilization-of-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-from-mass-gathering-events
#19
Joshua M DeMott, Charles L Hebert, Matthew Novak, Sajid Mahmood, Gary D Peksa
INTRODUCTION: At many mass gathering events (MGEs), emergency medical services decrease the number of patient transfers to the hospital; however, little information is known regarding the characteristics of attendees presenting to or requiring transfer to the emergency department (ED). The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristics of patients presenting from MGEs to the ED. A secondary aim of this study is to describe ED resources utilized by these patients. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective review evaluating patients attending MGEs who presented to the ED...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077750/estimating-the-frequency-and-characteristics-of-respiratory-disease-outbreaks-at-mass-gatherings-in-the-united-states-findings-from-a-state-and-local-health-department-assessment
#20
Argelia Figueroa, Reena K Gulati, Jeanette J Rainey
Mass gatherings create environments conducive to the transmission of infectious diseases. Thousands of mass gatherings are held annually in the United States; however, information on the frequency and characteristics of respiratory disease outbreaks and on the use of nonpharmaceutical interventions at these gatherings is scarce. We administered an online assessment to the 50 state health departments and 31 large local health departments in the United States to gather information about mass gathering-related respiratory disease outbreaks occurring between 2009 and 2014...
2017: PloS One
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