Read by QxMD icon Read

Mental imagery

E Kinney-Lang, B Auyeung, J Escudero
Rehabilitation applications using brain-computer interfaces (BCI) have recently shown encouraging results for motor recovery. Effective BCI neurorehabilitation has been shown to exploit neuroplastic properties of the brain through mental imagery tasks. However, these applications and results are currently restricted to adults. A systematic search reveals there is essentially no literature describing motor rehabilitative BCI applications that use electroencephalograms (EEG) in children, despite advances in such applications with adults...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Neural Engineering
Charlotte Weßlau, Klara Lieberz, Viola Oertel-Knöchel, Regina Steil
Negative mental images are common in a range of mental disorders. So far, only inconclusive evidence has been obtained for depression specificity. We assessed the disparities and similarities of a variety of imagery characteristics in 17 patients suffering from depressive disorders and 17 healthy matched controls who all reported negative mental images. The number of intrusive images, their frequency, and the associated distress were significantly greater for the depressed individuals. Compared with non-depressed controls, negative images during depression were more frequently triggered by internal factors and led to depression-related emotions...
September 22, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Alexandra Ernst, Marion Sourty, Daniel Roquet, Vincent Noblet, Daniel Gounot, Frédéric Blanc, Jérôme de Seze, Liliann Manning
While the efficacy of mental visual imagery (MVI) to alleviate autobiographical memory (AM) impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients has been documented, nothing is known about the brain changes sustaining that improvement. To explore this issue, 20 relapsing-remitting MS patients showing AM impairment were randomly assigned to two groups, experimental (n = 10), who underwent the MVI programme, and control (n = 10), who followed a sham verbal programme. Besides the stringent AM assessment, the patients underwent structural and functional MRI sessions, consisting in retrieving personal memories, within a pre-/post-facilitation study design...
October 9, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Maika Rawolle, Oliver C Schultheiss, Alexandra Strasser, Hugo M Kehr
OBJECTIVE: Visionary images are identity-relevant, picture-like mental representations of a desirable and attainable future appearing regularly in a person's stream of thought. Prior research indicates that both mental and real images provide access to implicit motives. We therefore proposed that visionary images motivate people by arousing their implicit motives and tested this hypothesis in two experimental studies. METHOD: We used guided visualizations to administer motive-domain-specific visionary images (Study 1: achievement and neutral, age: M = 24...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Personality
Jagna Sobierajewicz, Anna Przekoracka-Krawczyk, Wojciech Jaśkowski, Willem B Verwey, Rob van der Lubbe
Motor imagery has been argued to affect the acquisition of motor skills. The present study examined the specificity of motor imagery on the learning of a fine hand motor skill by employing a modified discrete sequence production task: the Go/NoGo DSP task. After an informative cue, a response sequence had either to be executed, imagined, or withheld. To establish learning effects, the experiment was divided into a practice phase and a test phase. In the latter phase, we compared mean response times and accuracy during the execution of unfamiliar sequences, familiar imagined sequences, and familiar executed sequences...
October 6, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
T Brandt, A Welfringer
Neglect is a supramodal, clinically relevant disorder, which occurs in the different sensory modalities as well as in the mental representation. The different manifestations of neglect show interindividual and intraindividual variation. Different spatial and attention-related interventions lead to varying degrees of improvement in neglect symptoms but are often not stable in time or transferable to activities of daily living. Representational deficits or body-related aspects to modify personal neglect are rarely a priority in current therapies...
October 2016: Der Nervenarzt
Todd M Bishop, Peter C Britton, Kerry L Knox, Wilfred R Pigeon
Disrupted sleep is common among combat veterans and can negatively impact response to mental health treatments. A trial of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) and imagery rehearsal therapy (IRT) for nightmares was conducted with 14 combat veterans diagnosed with insomnia, and who were experiencing posttraumatic stress and/or depression. In the case-series that follows veterans experienced clinically significant changes in sleep, and statistically significant reductions in insomnia, nightmare, depression and posttraumatic stress severity following treatment...
2016: Military Behavioral Health
Julie Conder, Julius Fridriksson, Gordon C Baylis, Cameron M Smith, Timothy W Boiteau, Amit Almor
It is commonly held that language is largely lateralized to the left hemisphere in most individuals, whereas spatial processing is associated with right hemisphere regions. In recent years, a number of neuroimaging studies have yielded conflicting results regarding the role of language and spatial processing areas in processing language about space (e.g., Carpenter, Just, Keller, Eddy, & Thulborn, 1999; Damasio et al., 2001). In the present study, we used sparse scanning event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the neural correlates of spatial language, that is; language used to communicate the spatial relationship of one object to another...
September 27, 2016: Brain and Language
Joachim Liepert, Imke Büsching, Aida Sehle, Mircea Ariel Schoenfeld
BACKGROUND: Motor imagery is used for treatment of motor deficits after stroke. Clinical observations suggested that motor imagery abilities might be reduced in patients with severe sensory deficits. This study investigated the influence of somatosensory deficits on temporal (mental chronometry, MC) and spatial aspects of motor imagery abilities. METHODS: Stroke patients (n = 70; <6 months after stroke) were subdivided into 3 groups according to their somatosensory functions...
September 29, 2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Ryota Asahara, Kanji Matsukawa, Kei Ishii, Nan Liang, Kana Endo
When performing exercise arbitrarily, activation of central command should start prior to the onset of exercise, but when exercise is forced to start with cue, activation of central command should be delayed. We examined whether the in advance activation of central command influenced the ventilatory response and reflected in the prefrontal oxygenation, by comparing the responses during exercise with arbitrary and cued start. The breath-by-breath respiratory variables and the prefrontal oxygenated-hemoglobin concentration (Oxy-Hb) were measured during one-legged cycling...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
Dan Pan, Yijing Zhang, Zhizhong Li, Zhiqiang Tian
BACKGROUND: A number of space activities (e.g., extravehicular astronaut rescue, cooperation in satellite services, space station supplies, and assembly) are implemented directly or assisted by remote robotic arms. Our study aimed to reveal those individual characteristics which could positively influence or even predict teleoperation performance of such a space robotic arm. METHODS: There were 64 male volunteers without robot operation experience recruited for the study...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Nicolas Ribeiro, Yannick Gounden, Véronique Quaglino
Lucid dreaming (LD) is a state of consciousness in which the dreamer is aware that he or she is dreaming and can possibly control the content of his or her dream. To investigate the LD prevalence among different samples, researchers have used different types of methodologies. With regard to retrospective self-report questionnaire, two ways of proceeding seem to emerge. In one case, a definition of LD is given to participants ("During LD, one is-while dreaming-aware of the fact that one is dreaming. It is possible to deliberately wake up, to control the dream action, or to observe passively the course of the dream with this awareness"), while in the other instances, participants are presented separate questions targeting specific LD indicators (dream awareness and dream control)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Massimiliano Palmiero, Laura Piccardi, Raffaella Nori, Liana Palermo, Carola Salvi, Cecilia Guariglia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
C Jeunet, B N'Kaoua, F Lotte
While being very promising for a wide range of applications, mental-imagery-based brain-computer interfaces (MI-BCIs) remain barely used outside laboratories, notably due to the difficulties users encounter when attempting to control them. Indeed, 10-30% of users are unable to control MI-BCIs (so-called BCI illiteracy) while only a small proportion reach acceptable control abilities. This huge interuser variability has led the community to investigate potential predictors of performance related to users' personality and cognitive profile...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
C Dettmers, N Braun, I Büsching, T Hassa, S Debener, J Liepert
Mental training, including motor observation and motor imagery, has awakened much academic interest. The presumed functional equivalence of motor imagery and motor execution has given hope that mental training could be used for motor rehabilitation after a stroke. Results obtained from randomized controlled trials have shown mixed results. Approximately half of the studies demonstrate positive effects of motor imagery training but the rest do not show an additional benefit. Possible reasons why motor imagery training has so far not become established as a robust therapeutic approach are discussed in detail...
October 2016: Der Nervenarzt
Olivier Beauchet, John Barden, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Victoria L Chester, Cedric Annweiler, Tony Szturm, Sébastien Grenier, Guillaume Léonard, Louis Bherer, Gilles Allali
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the effect of anti-dementia drugs (i.e., acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonists) on gait performance. Past studies have focused on the stride time (i.e., gait cycle duration) but not on the mental imagery of gait. OBJECTIVES: To compare mental imagery of gait and spatiotemporal gait parameters in patients with dementia [i.e., Alzheimer's disease (AD) and non-AD] before and after the use of anti-dementia drugs (i...
September 2016: Drugs & Aging
Maddalena Boccia, Valentina Sulpizio, Liana Palermo, Laura Piccardi, Cecilia Guariglia, Gaspare Galati
Visual mental imagery arises when perceptual information is accessed from memory, originating the experience of "seeing with the mind's eye". Different content-dependent brain areas in the human ventral visual stream are activated during visual mental imagery, similarly to what happens during visual perception. The neural patterns within these regions, but not in the early visual cortex, are similar during imagery and perception, suggesting that, in the absence of perceptual stimulation, content-dependent brain areas are able to re-instantiate specific neural patterns allowing for mental imagery...
August 20, 2016: NeuroImage
Jessica Guilbert, Michèle Molina, François Jouen
To which extent is motor imagery (MI) development, commonly observed between the ages of 5 and 9, related to the increasing ability to integrate proprioceptive afferences for the control of action? This question was addressed in a study evaluating MI performance of 108 children aged 5, 7 and 9 years old. A mental chronometry paradigm based on a walking task was used. Integration of proprioceptive information was evaluated by comparing MI performance when children held an external load (5 % of the children weight) to when they did not...
August 15, 2016: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
Gunther Meinlschmidt, Jong-Hwan Lee, Esther Stalujanis, Angelo Belardi, Minkyung Oh, Eun Kyung Jung, Hyun-Chul Kim, Janine Alfano, Seung-Schik Yoo, Marion Tegethoff
BACKGROUND: Using mobile communication technology as new personalized approach to treat mental disorders or to more generally improve quality of life is highly promising. Knowledge about intervention components that target key psychopathological processes in terms of transdiagnostic psychotherapy approaches is urgently needed. We explored the use of smartphone-based micro-interventions based on psychotherapeutic techniques, guided by short video-clips, to elicit mood changes. METHOD: As part of a larger neurofeedback study, all subjects-after being randomly assigned to an experimental or control neurofeedback condition-underwent daily smartphone-based micro-interventions for 13 consecutive days...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Alejandro Salgado-Montejo, Fernando Marmolejo-Ramos, Jorge A Alvarado, Juan Camilo Arboleda, Daniel R Suarez, Charles Spence
Research on the crossmodal correspondences has revealed that seemingly unrelated perceptual information can be matched across the senses in a manner that is consistent across individuals. An interesting extension of this line of research is to study how sensory information biases action. In the present study, we investigated whether different sounds (i.e. tones and piano chords) would bias participants' hand movements in a free movement task. Right-handed participants were instructed to move a computer mouse in order to represent three tones and two chords...
August 8, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"