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Opioid error

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234968/a-cross-national-analysis-of-the-association-between-years-of-implementation-of-opioid-substitution-treatments-and-drug-related-deaths-in-europe-from-1995-to-2013
#1
Phillip L Marotta, Charlotte A McCullagh
Data at the individual-level provide evidence that opioid substitution treatment (OST) programs protect against mortality for opioid dependent populations. Prior research has not examined the merits of national implementation of opioid substitution programs for reducing mortality at the country-level. This study elucidates longitudinal associations between country-level implementation of opioid substitution treatment programs on mortality rates of drug related deaths (DRD) from 1995 to 2013 in 30 European nations...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186557/analgesic-related-medication-errors-reported-to-us-poison-control-centers
#2
Madhulika Eluri, Henry A Spiller, Marcel J Casavant, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Kristen A Conner, Gary A Smith
Objective: This study investigates the characteristics and trends of medication errors involving analgesic medications. Design and Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of analgesic-related medication errors reported to the National Poison Data System (NPDS) from 2000 through 2012. Results: From 2000 through 2012, the NPDS received 533,763 reports of analgesic-related medication errors, averaging 41,059 medication errors annually...
November 23, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181095/quantitation-of-fentanyl-analogs-in-dried-blood-spots-by-flow-through-desorption-coupled-to-online-solid-phase-extraction-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#3
Rebecca L Shaner, Nicholas D Schulze, Craig Seymour, Elizabeth I Hamelin, Jerry D Thomas, Rudolph C Johnson
An automated dried blood spot (DBS) elution coupled with solid phase extraction and tandem mass spectrometric analysis for multiple fentanyl analogs was developed and assessed. This method confirms human exposures to fentanyl, sufentanil, carfentanil, alfentanil, lofentanil, α-methyl fentanyl, and 3-methyl fentanyl in blood with minimal sample volume and reduced shipping and storage costs. Seven fentanyl analogs were detected and quantitated from DBS made from venous blood. The calibration curve in matrix was linear in the concentration range of 1...
2017: Analytical Methods: Advancing Methods and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180552/neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-and-receipt-of-opioid-medication-for-new-back-pain-diagnosis
#4
Sarah Gebauer, Joanne Salas, Jeffrey F Scherrer
BACKGROUND: Although treatment for new back pain is heavily guideline driven, deviations occur frequently. Neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES) may contribute to these deviations. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether nSES is associated with type of treatment provided for patients seeking treatment for new back pain in primary care clinics. METHODS: This retrospective cohort was conducted in academic internal and family medicine practices. Data were examined from the Primary Care Patient Data Registry...
November 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167147/medication-errors-resulting-in-harm-using-chargemaster-data-to-determine-association-with-cost-of-hospitalization-and-length-of-stay
#5
Bryan C McCarthy, Kristin A Tuiskula, Tara P Driscoll, Andrew M Davis
PURPOSE: Results of an analysis of the economic impact of adverse drug events (ADEs) resulting in patient harm on hospitalization costs and length of stay (LOS) are reported. METHODS: In a retrospective single-site study, medication errors among patients admitted to an academic medical center during the period April 2014-May 2015 were identified using voluntary event reporting system data and diagnosis codes. Hospitalization cases involving documented ADEs resulting in harm, as defined on a widely used medication error classification index, were matched with control cases by admission period, diagnosis-related group, and patient age and sex...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156896/proutine-a-feasibility-study-assessing-surveillance-of-electronic-patient-reported-outcomes-and-adherence-via-smartphone-app-in-advanced-cancer
#6
Gesine Benze, Friedemann Nauck, Bernd Alt-Epping, Giuseppe Gianni, Thomas Bauknecht, Johannes Ettl, Anna Munte, Luisa Kretzschmar, Jan Gaertner
BACKGROUND: In advanced cancer, quality of life (QoL) is a major treatment goal. In order to achieve this, the identification of suffering by screening for patient-reported-outcomes (PROs, i.e., symptoms) is of utmost importance. The use of paper-pencil questionnaires is associated with significant shortcomings due to missing data, recall bias and transcription errors. Other than that, the electronic recording of PROs by mobile Health (mHealth) offers a number of advantages. The aim of this study was to test whether the routine assessment of PROs via a newly developed smartphone application (MeQoL®) is feasible...
October 26, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121712/epidemiologic-incidence-of-rhabdomyolysis-in-opioid-overdose-in-icu-of-poisoning-center-in-iran-2014
#7
Babak Khoshideh, Mohammad Arefi, Mazaher Ghorbani, Samaneh Akbarpour, Fatemeh Taghizadeh
Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical, demographical characteristics and some laboratory findings of hospitalized patients with acute opioid toxicity and rhabdomyolysis. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 354 hospitalized patients were investigated at Baharloo Educational Hospital in Tehran, with acute illicit drug toxicity in 2014. Data was collected by an investigator-made check lists. The collected data and variations (such as mortality rate, demographic data, and renal function tests as well as serum biochemical elements) were analyzed by descriptive statistics and x-square test...
November 8, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045256/a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-increase-scoring-consistency-and-accuracy-of-the-finnegan-tool-challenges-in-obtaining-reliable-assessments-of-drug-withdrawal-in-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#8
Wendy Timpson, Cheryl Killoran, Louise Maranda, Alan Picarillo, Elisabeth Bloch-Salisbury
BACKGROUND: Current practice for diagnosing neonatal abstinence syndrome and guiding pharmacological management of neonatal drug withdrawal is dependent on nursing assessments and repeated evaluation of clinical signs. PURPOSE: This single-center quality improvement initiative was designed to improve accuracy and consistency of Finnegan scores among neonatal nurses. METHODS: One-hundred seventy neonatal nurses participated in a single-session withdrawal-assessment program that incorporated education, scoring guidelines, and a restructured Finnegan scale...
October 17, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915156/a-risk-calculator-using-preoperative-opioids-for-prediction-of-total-knee-revision-arthroplasty
#9
Jordan Starr, Irene Rozet, Alon Ben-Ari
OBJECTIVES: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a procedure to improve quality of life. However, some patients require early total knee revision (TKR). Chronic opioid use before TKA is associated with TKR. No risk calculator including opioid use or other risk factors is currently available for predicting TKR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of Veterans Affairs patients who underwent TKA from January 1, 2006 to January 1, 2012. Patients were followed until January 1, 2013...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829626/transitioning-from-methadone-to-buprenorphine-maintenance-in-management-of-opioid-use-disorder-during-pregnancy
#10
Shakevia Johnson, Peter R Martin
BACKGROUND: Opioid use disorder during pregnancy is a growing health concern. Methadone maintenance is the treatment of choice but emerging data indicate buprenorphine is a viable alternative. Due to costs and limited accessibility of methadone, pregnant women may require transition from methadone to buprenorphine for maintenance treatment. OBJECTIVES: To assess safety and effectiveness of transitioning from methadone to buprenorphine when necessary during pregnancy...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808959/deaths-from-medicines-a-systematic-analysis-of-coroners-reports-to-prevent-future-deaths
#11
Robin E Ferner, Craig Easton, Anthony R Cox
INTRODUCTION: Since legislation in 2009, coroners in England and Wales must make reports in cases where they believe it is possible to prevent future deaths. We categorised the reports and examined whether they could reveal preventable medication errors or novel adverse drug reactions. METHODS: We examined 500 coroners' reports by pre-defined criteria to identify those in which medicines played a part, and to collect information on coroners' concerns. RESULTS: We identified 99 reports (100 deaths) in which medicines or a part of the medication process or both were mentioned...
August 14, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753044/severe-bark-scorpion-envenomation-in-adults
#12
Ayrn D O'Connor, Angela Padilla-Jones, Anne-Michelle Ruha
INTRODUCTION: The preponderance of medical literature regarding severe bark scorpion envenomation describes pediatric patients; however, the majority (>66%) of annual poison center calls pertain to adults. This retrospective review sought to evaluate the clinical manifestations of adults with severe Centruroides sculpturatus envenomation and determine if significant morbidity occurred. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of adults presenting to a single tertiary referral center with Grade-III or Grade-IV scorpion envenomation from 1 January 2007 to 3 March 2013...
July 28, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742772/medication-errors-in-pediatric-anesthesia-a-report-from-the-wake-up-safe-quality-improvement-initiative
#13
Lauren M Y Lobaugh, Lizabeth D Martin, Laura E Schleelein, Donald C Tyler, Ronald S Litman
BACKGROUND: Wake Up Safe is a quality improvement initiative of the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia that contains a deidentified registry of serious adverse events occurring in pediatric anesthesia. The aim of this study was to describe and characterize reported medication errors to find common patterns amenable to preventative strategies. METHODS: In September 2016, we analyzed approximately 6 years' worth of medication error events reported to Wake Up Safe. Medication errors were classified by: (1) medication category; (2) error type by phase of administration: prescribing, preparation, or administration; (3) bolus or infusion error; (4) provider type and level of training; (5) harm as defined by the National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention; and (6) perceived preventability...
September 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691871/non-health-care-facility-medication-errors-resulting-in-serious-medical-outcomes
#14
Nichole L Hodges, Henry A Spiller, Marcel J Casavant, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to provide an epidemiologic analysis of medication errors occurring outside of health care facilities that result in serious medical outcomes (defined by the National Poison Database System as "moderate effect," "major effect," "death," or "death, indirect report"). METHODS: National Poison Database System data from 2000 through 2012 were used for this retrospective analysis of non-health care facility medication errors...
July 10, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686794/simultaneous-quantitation-of-meperidine-normeperidine-tramadol-propoxyphene-and-norpropoxyphene-in-human-plasma-using-solid-phase-extraction-and-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-method-validation-and-application-to-cardiovascular-safety-of-therapeutic-doses
#15
Nicolás Fernández, Nancy Mónica Olivera, Guillermo Alberto Keller, Roberto Alberto Diez, Guillermo Di Girolamo, Patricia Noemí Quiroga
RATIONALE: Several opioid analgesics have been related to the prolongation of cardiac repolarization, a condition which can be fatal. In order to establish a correct estimation of the risk/benefit balance of therapeutic doses of meperidine, normeperidine, tramadol, propoxyphene and norpropoxyphene, it was necessary to develop an analytical method to determinate plasma concentrations of these opioids. METHODS: Here we describe a method which incorporates strong alkaline treatment to obtain norpropoxyphene amide followed by a one-elution step solid-phase extraction, and without further derivatization...
September 30, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646524/risk-factors-for-severe-respiratory-depression-from-prescription-opioid-overdose
#16
Lindsay M Fox, Robert S Hoffman, David Vlahov, Alex F Manini
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Prescription opioid overdose is a leading cause of injury-related morbidity and mortality in the United States. We aimed to identify characteristics associated with clinical severity in emergency department patients with prescription opioid overdose. DESIGN: This was a secondary data analysis of adult prescription opioid overdoses from a large prospective cohort of acute overdoses. We examined elements of a typical emergency department evaluation using a multivariable model to determine which characteristics were associated with clinical severity, specifically severe respiratory depression (SRD)...
June 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640946/physicians-non-uniform-approach-to-prescribing-drugs-to-older-patients-a-qualitative-study
#17
Line Due Christensen, Janne Petersen, Ove Andersen, Susanne Kaae
Multi-morbidity and polypharmacy are common in older patients and increase their susceptibility to adverse drug events and hospitalizations. Rational drug prescription is critical; however, little is known about physicians' perspectives on how to prescribe drugs for older patients. The aim of this study was to explore physicians' approach to prescribe drugs to older patients, including identifying the drugs that physicians perceive to be risk drugs for older patients and comparing them with established lists of potentially inappropriate medications...
June 22, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601270/comparative-effectiveness-of-patient-controlled-analgesia-for-treating-acute-pain-in-the-emergency%C3%A2-department
#18
Polly E Bijur, Angela M Mills, Andrew K Chang, Deborah White, Andrew Restivo, Shaun Persaud, Clyde B Schechter, E John Gallagher, Adrienne J Birnbaum
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We assess the effectiveness of patient-controlled analgesia in the emergency department (ED). We hypothesized that decline in pain intensity from 30 to 120 minutes after initial intravenous opioid administration is greater in patients receiving morphine by patient-controlled analgesia compared with usual care and would differ by a clinically significant amount. METHOD: This was a pragmatic randomized controlled trial of patient-controlled analgesia and usual care (opioid and dose at physician's discretion) in 4 EDs...
December 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596506/by-up-regulating-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-opioid-receptors-neuron-restrictive-silencer-factor-knockdown-promotes-neurological-recovery-after-ischemia
#19
Hui-Min Liang, Li-Jiao Geng, Xiao-Yan Shi, Chao-Gang Zhang, Shu-Yan Wang, Guang-Ming Zhang
We investigated the effects of neuron-restrictive silencer factor (NRSF) on proliferation of endogenous nerve stem cells (NSCs) and on μ- and δ-opioid receptor (MOR/DOR) expression in rats after cerebral ischemia. Among 100 rats subjected to cerebral ischemia, 20 rats were transfected with NRSF shRNA, and the remaining 80 were randomly assigned to normal, sham, model, and negative control (NC) groups. On days 7, 14, and 28 after ischemia and reperfusion, neurological function scores were assigned and a step-down passive avoidance test was conducted...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525632/effect-of-baseline-characteristics-on-the-pain-response-to-pregabalin-in-fibromyalgia-patients-with-comorbid-depression
#20
Stuart L Silverman, Miroslav Backonja, Lynne Pauer, Jaren Landen, Pritha Bhadra Brown, Joseph M Scavone, Richard Vissing, Andrew Clair
Objective. : To evaluate the effect of baseline characteristics on the treatment response to pregabalin in fibromyalgia (FM) patients with depression. Design. : Post hoc analysis from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-way crossover study of pregabalin (300 or 450 mg/day, twice daily). Subjects. : A total of 193 FM patients taking an antidepressant for comorbid depression. Methods. : The effect of patient baseline characteristics on the treatment response to pregabalin vs placebo was assessed for the primary efficacy end point (mean pain score on an 11-point numeric rating scale)...
May 19, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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