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nursing cross sectional

Daniel Schwarzkopf, Hendrik Rüddel, Daniel O Thomas-Rüddel, Jörg Felfe, Bernhard Poidinger, Claudia T Matthäus-Krämer, Christiane S Hartog, Frank Bloos
OBJECTIVES: Perceiving nonbeneficial treatment is stressful for ICU staff and may be associated with burnout. We aimed to investigate predictors and consequences of perceived nonbeneficial treatment and to compare nurses and junior and senior physicians. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, multicenter paper-pencil survey on personal and work-related characteristics, perceived nonbeneficial treatment, burnout, and intention to leave the job. SETTING: Convenience sample of 23 German ICUs...
October 21, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Jennie Johnstone, Robin Parsons, Fernando Botelho, Jamie Millar, Shelly McNeil, Tamas Fulop, Janet E McElhaney, Melissa K Andrew, Stephen D Walter, P J Devereaux, Mehrnoush Malek, Ryan R Brinkman, Jonathan Bramson, Mark Loeb
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether immune phenotypes associated with immunosenescence are predictive of frailty and mortality within 1-year in elderly nursing home residents. DESIGN: Cross sectional study of frailty; prospective cohort study of mortality. SETTING: Thirty-two nursing homes in four Canadian cities between September 2009 and October 2011. PARTICIPANTS: Nursing home residents aged 65 and older (N = 1,072, median age 86, 72% female)...
October 24, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Ying Xue, Jane Tuttle
BACKGROUND: Nurse practitioners are increasingly being integrated into primary care delivery to help meet the growing demand for primary care. It is therefore important to understand nurse practitioners' productivity in primary care practice. PURPOSE: We examined nurse practitioners' clinical productivity in regard to number of patients seen per week, whether they had a patient panel, and patient panel size. We further investigated practice characteristics associated with their clinical productivity...
September 22, 2016: Nursing Outlook
Olivia Blumenfeld Arens, Katharina Fierz, Franziska Zúñiga
BACKGROUND: In special care units (SCUs) for residents with advanced dementia, both personnel and organizations are adapted to the needs of residents. However, whether these adaptations have a preventive effect on elder abuse has not yet been explored. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of observed emotional abuse, neglect, and physical abuse in Swiss nursing homes, to compare SCUs with non-SCUs concerning the frequency of observed emotional abuse, neglect, and physical abuse, and to explore how resident-related characteristics, staff outcomes/characteristics, and organizational/environmental factors relate to observed elder abuse...
October 22, 2016: Gerontology
Eiad AlFaris, Farhana Irfan, Riaz Qureshi, Naghma Naeem, Abdulaziz Alshomrani, Gominda Ponnamperuma, Nada Al Yousufi, Nasr Al Maflehi, Mohammad Al Naami, Amr Jamal, Cees van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND: There is a need to better understand the depression phenomenon and to clarify why some students become depressed and others don't. The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of depressive symptoms among health professions' (HP) students, and to explore the association between socio-demographic factors (e.g. year of study, discipline, gender) and depressive symptoms. METHODS: In this descriptive-analytic, cross-sectional study, stratified proportionate sampling strategy was used to select the study sample during the academic year 2012-2013...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Jane Desborough, Nasser Bagheri, Michelle Banfield, Jane Mills, Christine Phillips, Rosemary Korda
BACKGROUND: The numbers of nurses in general practice in Australia tripled between 2004 and 2012. However, evidence on whether nursing care in general practice improves patient outcomes is scarce. Although patient satisfaction and enablement have been examined extensively as outcomes of general practitioner care, there is little research into these outcomes from nursing care in general practice. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between specific general practice characteristics and nurse consultation characteristics, and patient satisfaction and enablement METHODS: A mixed methods study examined a cross-section of patients from 21 general practices in the Australian Capital Territory...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Shane Sinclair, Reanne Booker, Tak Fung, Shelley Raffin-Bouchal, Bert Enns, Kate Beamer, Naree Ager
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships between spiritual, religious, and sociodemographic factors and post-traumatic growth, quality of life, and spiritual well-being in outpatients undergoing bone marrow and/or stem cell transplantation (BMSCT).
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive, exploratory.
. SETTING: Outpatient bone marrow transplantation clinic at the Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 100 patients (21 pre-BMSCT and 79 post-BMSCT) accrued consecutively via non-probability sampling...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Lara Wahlberg, Anita Nirenberg, Elizabeth Capezuti
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine distress and coping self-efficacy in inpatient oncology nurses. 
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey design.
. SETTING: Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) chapter meetings and Hunter-Bellevue School of Nursing, both in New York, New York, as well as social media.
. SAMPLE: 163 oncology nurses who work with an inpatient adult population.
. METHODS: Participants were recruited through the ONS New York, New York, area chapter meetings, Hunter College, and ONS Facebook pages...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Sophia A Hayes, Dana Zive, Betty Ferrell, Susan W Tolle
BACKGROUND: The Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) Paradigm records advance care planning for patients with advanced illness or frailty as actionable medical records. The National POLST Paradigm Task Force recommends that physicians, advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs), and physician assistants (PAs) be permitted to execute POLST forms. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the percentage of Oregon POLST forms signed by APRNs, and examine the obstacles faced by states attempting to allow APRNs to sign POLST forms...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Nathaniel Andrew, Suzanne Meeks
OBJECTIVES: Person-centered care constructs such as fulfilled preferences, sense of control, and life satisfaction might contribute to loneliness among nursing home residents, but these relationships have not been thoroughly explored. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between fulfilled preferences and loneliness in nursing home residents with perceived control and life satisfaction as potential mediators. METHODS: The study utilized a cross-sectional design, examining the targeted variables with a questionnaire administered by trained research staff...
October 21, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Jina Choo, Hye-Jin Kim, Melanie T Turk, Eun-Kyung Kim, Kyung-Sook Yang
AIM: Based on McLeroy's ecological perspective, this study aimed to identify the factors that are associated with behavioral problems among children who were enrolled in community child centers that provide public welfare services for vulnerable children. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 175 children aged 6-12 years and their parents who were recruited from 16 community child centers in a municipal county of Seoul, South Korea. The children's behavioral problems were reported by their parents and measured by the Child Behavior Checklist/6-18...
October 21, 2016: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
Sally P Weinrich, Jill E Bormann, Dale Glaser, Sally Hardin, Mary Barger, Cabiria Lizarraga, Juan Del Rio, Carolyn B Allard
Women and families are the fastest growing segment of the homeless population. Negative attitudes of nurses toward homeless women are a major barrier to homeless women seeking health care. This cross-sectional, mixed-methods pilot study, conducted primarily by nurses, tested the Mantram Repetition Program for the first time with 29 homeless women. The Mantram Repetition Program is a spiritually based skills training that teaches mantram (sacred word) repetition as a cost-effective, personalized, portable, and focused strategy for reducing stress and improving well-being...
November 2016: Holistic Nursing Practice
Prashant Kumar Singh, Priyam Saikia, Mangala Lahakar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Considering the paucity of regional data, this study was designed to investigate the prevalence of post-operative pain and determine if there exists any correlation between the intensity of post-operative pain and patient's level of satisfaction with their pain management after inpatient abdominal surgery at an academic tertiary care government centre. METHODS: Pain intensity was measured in 120 patients with numeric rating scale at the fifth post-operative hour, second and third post-operative day...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Ghasem-Sam Toloo, Peter Aitken, Julia Crilly, Gerry FitzGerald
BACKGROUND: Patients attending hospital emergency departments (ED) commonly cite the urgency and severity of their condition as the main reason for choosing the ED. However, the patients' perception of urgency and severity may be different to the nurses' perception of their urgency and severity, which is underpinned by their professional experience, knowledge, training and skills. This discordance may be a cause of patient dissatisfaction. The purpose of this study is to understand the extent of agreement/disagreement between the patient's perceived priority and actual triage category and associated factors...
October 18, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Cedric Mabire, Andrew Dwyer, Antoine Garnier, Joanie Pellet
BACKGROUND: Inadequate discharge planning for the growing elderly population poses significant challenges for health services. Effective discharge planning interventions have been examined in several studies, but little information is available on nursing's role or the specific components of these interventions. Despite the research published on the importance of discharge planning, the impact on patient's health outcomes still needs to be proven in practice. OBJECTIVES: To determine the best available evidence on the effectiveness of discharge planning interventions involving at least one nurse on health-related outcomes for elderly inpatients discharged home and to assess the relative impact of individual components of discharge planning interventions...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Shirley J Ingram, Gabrielle McKee, Mary B Quirke, Niamh Kelly, Ashling Moloney
BACKGROUND: Chest pain is a common presentation to emergency departments (EDs). Pathways for patients with non-acute coronary syndrome (ACS) chest pain are not optimal. An advanced cardiology nurse-led chest pain service was commenced to address this. The aim of the study was to assess the outcomes of non-ACS patients discharged from ED to an advanced cardiology nurse-led chest pain clinic and compare by referral type (nurse or ED physician). METHODS: The service consisted of advanced cardiology nurse or ED physician consultation in the ED and discharge to advanced nurse-led chest pain clinic review less than 72 hours after discharge...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Ann Kutney-Lee, Hayley Germack, Linda Hatfield, Sharon Kelly, Patricia Maguire, Andrew Dierkes, Mary Del Guidice, Linda H Aiken
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to examine differences in nurse engagement in shared governance across hospitals and to determine the relationship between nurse engagement and patient and nurse outcomes. BACKGROUND: There is little empirical evidence examining the relationship between shared governance and patient outcomes. METHODS: A secondary analysis of linked cross-sectional data was conducted using nurse, hospital, and Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey data...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
Luk Bruyneel, Tom Thoelen, Jef Adriaenssens, Walter Sermeus
AIM: To explore the association between the quality of the work environment, job characteristics, demographic characteristics and a pathway of job satisfaction, emotional exhaustion and turnover intention among nurses in emergency departments and perform subgroup analyses. BACKGROUND: Turnover intention among nurses is high. Multiple causes have been described, mostly in large studies of nurses working on general wards, often without considering complementarity of conceptual models and showing scant interest in the consistency of associations across subgroups of nurses...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Päivi Kolu, Kari Tokola, Markku Kankaanpää, Jaana Suni
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study, part of a randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and neuromuscular fitness with direct health-care costs and sickness-related absence among nursing personnel with nonspecific low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Low back pain creates a huge economic burden due to increased sick leave and use of health-care services. METHODS: Female nursing personnel with nonspecific low back pain were included (n = 219)...
October 6, 2016: Spine
Maryam Maddineshat, Alan H Rosenstein, Arash Akaberi, Mahbubeh Tabatabaeichehr
Introduction: Disruptive behaviors cause many problems in the workplace, especially in the emergency department (ED).This study was conducted to assess the physician's and nurse's perspective toward disruptive behaviors in the emergency department. Methods: In this cross-sectional study a total of 45 physicians and 110 nurses working in the emergency department of five general hospitals in Bojnurd participated. Data were collected using a translated, changed, and validated questionnaire (25 item). The collected data were analyzed by SPSS ver...
September 2016: Journal of Caring Sciences
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