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Dental stem cell

Long Chen, Yifeng Jiang, Zhen Du
Although previous studies have demonstrated that dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) from mature and immature teeth exhibit potential for multi-directional differentiation, the molecular and biological difference between the DPSCs from mature and immature permanent teeth has not been fully investigated. In the present study, 500 differentially expressed genes from dental pulp cells (DPCs) in mature and immature permanent teeth were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus online database. Based on bioinformatics analysis using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery, these genes were divided into a number of subgroups associated with immunity, inflammation and cell signaling...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
S Kabatas, C S Demir, E Civelek, I Yilmaz, A Kircelli, C Yilmaz, Y Akyuva, E Karaoz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the effect of human Dental Pulp-Neural Crest Stem Cells (hDP-NCSCs) delivery on lesion site after spinal cord injury (SCI), and to observe the functional recovery after transplantation. METHODS: Neural Crest Stem Cells (NCSCs) were isolated from human Dental Pulp (hDP). The experimental rat population was divided into four groups (n = 6/24). Their behavioral motility was scored regularly. After 4-weeks, rats were sacrificed, and their spinal cords were examined for Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) labeled hDP-NCSCs by immunofluorescence (IF) staining...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Anamaria Balic
The tooth is an intricate composition of precisely patterned, mineralized matrices and soft tissues. Mineralized tissues include enamel (produced by the epithelial cells called ameloblasts), dentin and cementum (produced by mesenchymal cells called odontoblasts and cementoblasts, respectively), and soft tissues, which include the dental pulp and the periodontal ligament along with the invading nerves and blood vessels. It was perceived for a very long time that teeth primarily serve an esthetical function. In recent years, however, the role of healthy teeth, as well as the impact of oral health on general well-being, became more evident...
March 13, 2018: Gerontology
Huihui Wang, Qi Zhong, Tianshu Yang, Ying Qi, Mengchen Fu, Xi Yang, Lu Qiao, Qi Ling, Shangfeng Liu, Yumei Zhao
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) are types of human dental tissue‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). These cells possess a capacity for self‑renewal, multilineage differentiation potential and immunomodulatory functions. Previous studies have reported that DPSCs and SHED may be beneficial in regenerative treatments and immunotherapy. The substantial expansion of cells in vitro is a prerequisite to obtaining adequate cell numbers required for cell‑based therapy...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Damla Tuncer Budanur, Noushin Zibandeh, Deniz Genç, Muazzez Gökalp, Kamber Kaşali, Tunç Akkoç, Elif Sepet
BACKGROUND/AIM: Ectoine is an amino acid that can preserve osmotic balance and has more preservative activity than other osmoregulators. There are no published reports on the osmoregulators' effects on viability or differentiation of dental stem cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Ectoine as a storage media on the viability and differentiation potential of human periodontal ligament mesenchymal stem cells (hPDLMSCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: hPDLMSCs were obtained from impacted third molar teeth...
March 12, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Tingting Ai, Jieni Zhang, Xuedong Wang, Xiaowen Zheng, Xueyan Qin, Qian Zhang, Weiran Li, Wei Hu, Jiuxiang Lin, Feng Chen
Among the various sources of human autologous stem cells, stem cells isolated from dental tissues exhibit excellent properties in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. However, the distinct potential of these odontogenic cell lines remains unclear. In this study, we analyzed DNA methylation patterns to determine whether specific differences existed among three different odontogenic cell types. Using the HumanMethylation450 Beadchip, the whole genomes of human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs), and dental follicle progenitor cells (DFPCs) were compared...
2018: Signal Transduction and Targeted Therapy
Mariano S Pedano, Xin Li, Shuchen Li, Zeyi Sun, Stevan M Cokic, Eveline Putzeys, Kumiko Yoshihara, Yashuhiro Yoshida, Zhi Chen, Kirsten Van Landuyt, Bart Van Meerbeek
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of the eluates from 3 freshly-mixed and setting hydraulic calcium-silicate cements (hCSCs) on human dental pulp cells (HDPCs) and to examine the effect of a newly developed hCSC containing phosphopullulan (PPL) on HDPCs. METHODS: Human dental pulp cells, previously characterized as mesenchymal stem cells, were used. To collect the eluates, disks occupying the whole surface of a 12-well plate were prepared using an experimental hCSC containing phosphopullulan (GC), Nex-Cem MTA (GC), Biodentine (Septodont) or a zinc-oxide (ZnO) eugenol cement (material-related negative control)...
March 7, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Gunng-Shinng Chen, Shiao-Pieng Lee, Shu-Fu Huang, Shih-Chi Chao, Chung-Yi Chang, Gwo-Jang Wu, Chung-Hsing Li, Shih-Hurng Loh
OBJECTIVE: Homeostasis of intracellular pH (pHi ) plays vital roles in many cell functions, such as proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation and metastasis. Thus far, Na+ -H+ exchanger (NHE), Na+ -HCO3 - co-transporter (NBC), Cl- /HCO3 - exchanger (AE) and Cl- /OH- exchanger (CHE) have been identified to co-regulate pHi homeostasis. However, functional and biological pHi -regulators in human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) have yet to be identified. DESIGN: Microspectrofluorimetry technique with pH-sensitive fluorescent dye, BCECF, was used to detect pHi changes...
March 6, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Yingzhi Gu, Yuxing Bai, Dongliang Zhang
The aim of the present study was to construct and compare gelatin-HA-TCP scaffolds with a gelatin-only scaffold and to investigate the effect of the scaffold on osteogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells. We developed a novel scaffold for bone tissue engineering via a solution casting/particle washing method, and the physical and mechanical properties of the scaffolds were examined using scanning electron microscopy and a universal testing machine, respectively. Scaffold cytotoxicity toward hDPSCs was evaluated with the CCK8 method, and hDPSC differentiation was evaluated with an alkaline phosphatase activity assay, alizarin red S staining, and real-time PCR...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Xuemei Zhang, Yinglian Zhou, Hulun Li, Rui Wang, Dan Yang, Bing Li, Jin Fu
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) are considered as an ideal stem cell source for the treatment of neurological diseases. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic potency of DPSCs and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in focal cerebral ischemia using animal models. Following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), rats were randomized into four groups: the BDNF, DPSCs, DPSCs+BDNF and the controls injected with saline. DPSCs were transplanted and BDNF was injected into the DPSCs+BDNF group via the tail vein...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Xiaoshan Wu, Lei Hu, Yan Li, Yang Li, Fu Wang, Ping Ma, Jinsong Wang, Chunmei Zhang, Canhua Jiang, Songlin Wang
The tooth root transmits and balances occlusal forces through the periodontium to the alveolar bone. The periodontium, including the gingiva, the periodontal ligament, the cementum and the partial alveolar bone, derives from the dental follicle (DF), except for the gingiva. In the early developmental stages, the DF surrounds the tooth germ as a sphere and functions to promote tooth eruption. However, the morphological dynamics and factors regulating the differentiation of the DF during root elongation remain largely unknown...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
P Bollero, P C Passarelli, A D'Addona, G Pasquantonio, M Mancini, R Condò, L Cerroni
Chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are the current treatments for patients with hematological diseases; they result in myelosuppression, and increase the susceptibility of patients to severe infections. The oral cavity is a potential site of complications in HSCT patients, because it is the entrance for agents that can cause systemic infections; it is one of the most frequent locations for side effects deriving from conditioning therapy. The importance of dental pre-chemotherapy and transplant prescription is often stressed, since both therapies depress the immune system and platelets, making each intervention at this stage a high risk...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Hakan Kamalak, Aliye Kamalak, Ali Taghizadehghalehjoughi
This study was performed to evaluate possible DNA damage in cells of human origin exposed to dental composites in vitro using a cytotoxic assay. Five bulk-fill composites were filled in molds and irradiated for 20 s. DPSCs were inoculated into 24-well plates. After the insert membrane was inserted and composites were added and the experiment was continued for 24/72 hours. In order to investigate the effects of the materials on DPSCs; its effect on apoptosis-regulating Bcl-2 gene, Human Beta-Defensins (HBDs 1-2) gene, Interleukin 6, 8, 10 expression level was examined...
February 28, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Deniz Genç, Noushin Zibandeh, Ercan Nain, Muazzez Gökalp, Ahmet Oğuzhan Özen, Mehmet Kamil Göker, Tunç Akkoç
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease in which inflammatory responses have the polarization of CD4+ T cells to Th2 cells. Dental follicle mesenchymal stem cells (DFSCs) have strong anti-inflammatory properties comparable to other mesenchymal stem cells. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the immunomodulatory effects of DFSCs on CD4+ T helper cell responses of asthmatic patients and compared the results with those obtained with asthmatic subjects on immunotherapy and with healthy individuals...
March 2, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Pinar Ercal, Gorke Gurel Pekozer, Gamze Torun Kose
The treatment of bone that is impaired due to disease, trauma or tumor resection creates a challenge for both clinicians and researchers. Critical size bone defects are conventionally treated with autografts which are associated with risks such as donor site morbidity and limitations like donor shortage. Bone tissue engineering has become a promising area for the management of critical size bone defects by the employment of biocompatible materials and the discovery of novel stem cell sources. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be isolated with ease from various dental tissues including dental pulp stem cells, stem cells from apical papilla, dental follicle stem cells, stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth, periodontal ligament stem cells, gingival stem cells and tooth germ derived stem cells...
March 2, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Kaoru Washio, Yusuke Tsutsumi, Yuka Tsumanuma, Kosei Yano, Supreda Suphanantachat Srithanyarat, Ryo Takagi, Shizuko Ichinose, Walter Meinzer, Masayuki Yamato, Teruo Okano, Takao Hanawa, Isao Ishikawa
Osseointegrated implants have been recognized as being very reliable and having long term predictability. However, host-defense mechanisms against infection have been known to be impaired around a dental implant because of the lack of a periodontal ligament (PDL). The purpose of our experimental design was to produce cementum and PDL on the implant surface adopting cell sheet technology. To this aim we used PDL-derived cells, which contain multi-potential stem cells, as the cell source and we cultured them on an implant material constituted of commercially pure titanium treated with acid etching, blasting, and a calcium phosphate (CaP) coating to improve cell attachment...
March 1, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Qing Liu, Lei Lei, Tao Yu, Ting Jiang, Yunqing Kang
During bone growth, the lack of a neuralized vascular network in the regenerating area can affect subsequent bone quality. This study aimed to investigate if brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) could promote neurogenesis and osteogenesis in human bone mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) to improve bone formation during tissue engineering. Initially, a safe and effective BDNF concentration that facilitated hBMSC proliferation in vitro was determined. Subsequently, examination of mineralized nodule formation and evaluation of ALP activity and ALP gene expression revealed that the most effective concentration of BDNF to elicit a response in hBMSCs was 100 ng/mL...
February 28, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Yihua Song, Peipei Cao, Zhifeng Gu, Jingwen Xiao, Min Lian, Dan Huang, Jing Xing, Ye Zhang, Xingmei Feng, Chenfei Wang
Abnormal odontoblast differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) caused by inflammation is closely related to the development of dental caries. Neuropilin-1 (NRP1) is one of the members of neuropilin family. It can combine with disparate ligands involved in regulating cell differentiation. FYN belongs to the protein-tyrosine kinase family, which has been implicated in the control of cell growth, and the effect can be further strengthened by inflammatory factors. In our studies, we verified that NRP1 can form complexes with FYN and have the correlation changes in odontoblast differentiation of DPSCs...
February 27, 2018: Cellular Reprogramming
Giacomina Brunetti, Adriana Di Benedetto, Francesca Posa, Graziana Colaianni, Maria Felicia Faienza, Andrea Ballini, Silvia Colucci, Giovanni Passeri, Lorenzo Lo Muzio, Maria Grano, Giorgio Mori
Cells from dental tissues have a mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) phenotype, are multipotent and can differentiate into osteoblastic cells, as we have previously found. MSCs, due to their tumor‑homing ability, are currently being used as cell‑based delivery systems for cancer protein therapeutics, such as the TNF‑related apoptosis‑inducing ligand (TRAIL). In the present study we revealed that dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) expressed TRAIL to a greater extent when they were differentiated into the osteoblastic lineage...
February 15, 2018: Oncology Reports
Nathaphon Tangjit, Surachai Dechkunakorn, Niwat Anuwongnukroh, Anuson Khaneungthong, Hathaitip Sritanaudomchai
Background and Objectives: Stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) are a promising clinical resource for various tissue defects, including lumbar spondylosis, neural compression, and cleft palate. Use of media containing animal-derived serum carries potential risk of infectious diseases and unwanted immunogenicity. To increase the potential utility of SHED for clinical application, SHED was adapted to xeno-free conditions. Methods: Define xeno-free culture media were compared with the conventional serum containing media in the culture of SHED...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Stem Cells
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