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Pulp biology

Paolo Gabrieli, Francesca Scolari
The Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly) Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is a pest species with extremely high agricultural relevance. This is due to its reproductive behavior: females damage the external surface of fruits and vegetables when they lay eggs and the hatched larvae feed on their pulp. Wild C. capitata populations are traditionally controlled through insecticide spraying and/or eco-friendly approaches, the most successful being the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT). The SIT relies on mass-rearing, radiation-based sterilization and field release of males that retain their capacity to mate but are not able to generate fertile progeny...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Mădălina-Anca Lazar, Horaţiu Rotaru, Ioana Bâldea, Adina B Boşca, Cristian P Berce, Cristina Prejmerean, Doina Prodan, Radu S Câmpian
This study aims to assess the biocompatibility of new advanced fiber-reinforced composites (FRC) to be used for custom-made cranial implants. Four new formulations of FRC were obtained using polymeric matrices (combinations of monomers bisphenol A glycidylmethacrylate [bis-GMA], urethane dimethacrylate [UDMA], triethylene glycol dimethacrylate [TEGDMA], hydroxyethyl methacrylate [HEMA]) and E-glass fibers (300 g/mp). Every FRC contains 65% E-glass and 35% polymeric matrix. Composition of polymeric matrices are: bis-GMA (21%), TEGDMA (14%) for FRC1; bis-GMA (21%), HEMA (14%) for FRC2; bis-GMA (3...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Joanna Berlowska, Weronika Cieciura, Sebastian Borowski, Marta Dudkiewicz, Michal Binczarski, Izabela Witonska, Anna Otlewska, Dorota Kregiel
Research into fermentative production of lactic acid from agricultural by-products has recently concentrated on the direct conversion of biomass, whereby pure sugars are replaced with inexpensive feedstock in the process of lactic acid production. In our studies, for the first time, the source of carbon used is sugar beet pulp, generated as a by-product of industrial sugar production. In this paper, we focus on the simultaneous saccharification of lignocellulosic biomass and fermentation of lactic acid, using mixed cultures with complementary assimilation profiles...
October 17, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
H Bakhtiar, H Mirzaei, M R Bagheri, N Fani, F Mashhadiabbas, M Baghaban Eslaminejad, D Sharifi, M H Nekoofar, Pmh Dummer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the effect of treated dentine matrix (TDM) and tricalcium phosphate (TCP) scaffolds on odontogenic differentiation and mineralization of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) in furcation perforations created in the pulp chamber floor of premolar teeth in dogs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: DPSCs were isolated and cultured from the dental pulp of the maxillary left second and third premolars of dogs. The DPSCs were loaded on TCP (SC+TCP) and TDM (SC+TDM) scaffolds and inserted into intentionally perforated pulp chamber floors of premolars in dogs; six teeth were used for each group...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Koichiro Muromachi, Hiroshi Sugiya, Nobuyuki Tani-Ishii
In postnatal dentin formation, odontoblast differentiation occurs in the pulp tissue regenerative process under pathological condition. Odontoblasts and newly differentiated odontoblast-like cells beneath the caries lesion form tertiary dentin and are highly odontogenic. To observe the activity of dentinogenesis occur within the hard tissue, a combination of immunohistological analysis and immunodetection of dentinogenesis specific molecules, such as dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and/or its cleaved products dentin sialoprotein (DSP) and dentin phosphoprotein (DPP), is a reliable approach...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Amer Sehic, Amela Tulek, Cuong Khuu, Minou Nirvani, Lars Peter Sand, Tor Paaske Utheim
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, non-coding RNAs that provide an efficient pathway for regulation of gene expression at a post-transcriptional level. Tooth development is regulated by a complex network of cell-cell signaling during all steps of organogenesis. Most of the congenital dental defects in humans are caused by mutations in genes involved in developmental regulatory networks. Whereas the developmental morphological stages of the tooth development already are thoroughly documented, the implicated genetic network is still under investigation...
October 7, 2016: Gene
Omar Y Abdelaziz, Daniel P Brink, Jens Prothmann, Krithika Ravi, Mingzhe Sun, Javier García-Hidalgo, Margareta Sandahl, Christian P Hulteberg, Charlotta Turner, Gunnar Lidén, Marie F Gorwa-Grauslund
Lignin is a major component of lignocellulosic biomass and as such, it is processed in enormous amounts in the pulp and paper industry worldwide. In such industry it mainly serves the purpose of a fuel to provide process steam and electricity, and to a minor extent to provide low grade heat for external purposes. Also from other biorefinery concepts, including 2nd generation ethanol, increasing amounts of lignin will be generated. Other uses for lignin - apart from fuel production - are of increasing interest not least in these new biorefinery concepts...
October 6, 2016: Biotechnology Advances
Y Y Sun, M T Yuan, X Shi, M Y Liu, W P Hu
Objective: To investigate the effects of Wnt3a protein on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells(DPSC). Methods: Intact human permanent teeth extracted for orthodontic reasons were collected and used as study models. The biological effects of Wnt3a on DPSC were investigated using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT), alkaline phosphatase(ALP) activity assay, alizarin red S staining and realtime fluorescence quantitative PCR. Osteogenic-related gene expression of induced DPSC was examinedby using tests of bone sialoprotein(BSP), osteocalcin(OCN), collagen type Ⅰ (COL-Ⅰ) and Runt-related transcription factor 2(RUNX-2)...
October 9, 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Priyanka D Rebentish, Girish Umashetty, Harpreet Kaur, Trupthi Doizode, Mithun Kaslekar, Shouvik Chowdhury
Research into regenerative dentistry has contributed momentum to the field of molecular biology. Periapical surgery aims at removing periapical pathology to achieve complete wound healing and regeneration of bone and periodontal tissue. Regenerative endodontic procedures are widely being added to the current armamentarium of pulp therapy procedures. The regenerative potential of platelets has been deliberated. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a wonderful tissue-engineering product and has recently gained much popularity due its promising results in wound healing bone induction...
December 2016: Minerva Stomatologica
Deniz Torun, Zeynep Ö Torun, Kadriye Demirkaya, Meral Sarper, Mualla P Elçi, Ferit Avcu
We evaluated the gene expression profiles of human dental pulp cells exposed to iRoot BP using microarray after 24 and 72 h. The results were verified using quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR analysis. Of the 36,000 transcripts arrayed, 21 were up-regulated and 15 were down-regulated by more than two fold. The largest group of up-regulated genes included those involved in nucleobase-containing compound metabolic processes, cell communication, protein metabolic processes, developmental processes, and biological regulation...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
Jin Zhang, Jake Chen
The regeneration of damaged bone tissues to a pre-disease state has been a major goal for both clinicians and researchers worldwide. However, critical-sized bone defects which are unable to heal completely are a major clinical concern because effective, evidence-based regenerative therapy is still missing. Bone tissue engineering, aiming at providing novel and effective materials to promote bone regeneration, has been considered as a promising alternative to the traditional use of autografts, allografts and xenografts based on the fact that engineered bone tissue has limitless supply and has no disease transmission...
September 21, 2016: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Qian Jia, Xiaolin Chen, Wenkai Jiang, Wei Wang, Bin Guo, Longxing Ni
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) have been recognized as important regulators in diverse biological processes, such as transcriptional regulation, stem cell proliferation, and differentiation. Previous study has demonstrated that lncRNA-ANCR (antidifferentiation ncRNA) plays a key role in regulating the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs). However, little is known about the role of ANCR in regulating other types of dental tissue-derived stem cells (DTSCs) behaviours (including proliferation and multiple-potential of differentiation)...
2016: Stem Cells International
Naseem Shah
OBJECTIVES: To provide scientific evidence on the outcome of a large number of cases treated by SealBio over the longer follow-up period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four teeth in 116 patients presenting with pulp and periapical disease were randomly recruited between 2009 and 2014. SealBio was performed, and cases were followed up at regular intervals up to 6-year. RESULTS: Of the total 134 teeth treated, 16 teeth could not be followed up and 9 cases failed (7...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Pouya Amrollahi, Brinda Shah, Amir Seifi, Lobat Tayebi
Although human mouth benefits from remarkable mechanical properties, it is very susceptible to traumatic damages, exposure to microbial attacks, and congenital maladies. Since the human dentition plays a crucial role in mastication, phonation and esthetics, finding promising and more efficient strategies to reestablish its functionality in the event of disruption has been important. Dating back to antiquity, conventional dentistry has been offering evacuation, restoration, and replacement of the diseased dental tissue...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Wei Zhou, Li-Na Niu, Lin Hu, Kai Jiao, Gang Chang, Li-Juan Shen, Franklin R Tay, Ji-Hua Chen
The present study examined the mechanism for caries resistance and the pulp responses in vital teeth following the use of the augmented-pressure adhesive displacement technique. Dentin adhesives were applied to the surface of sound dentin disks in 4 experimental groups: non-antibacterial adhesive and gentle adhesive displacement (N-G), non-antibacterial adhesive and augmented-pressure adhesive displacement (N-H), antibacterial adhesive and gentle adhesive displacement (A-G), antibacterial adhesive and augmented-pressure adhesive displacement (A-H)...
2016: Scientific Reports
Harshini Togaru, Radhika Muppa, NCh Srinivas, K Naveen, Veerakishore K Reddy, V C Rebecca
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare Biodentine and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as pulpotomy agents by clinical and radiological assessments in primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 90 decayed primary molars indicated for pulpotomy were chosen and are divided into two groups. Soft enamel and dentinal caries were removed using spoon excavator. Access opening was done using highspeed cool water handpiece. Normal saline was used to irrigate pulp chamber, later saline moistened cotton pellet was used to obtain hemostasis in both groups...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Miriam Z Scelza, Carlos Am Campos, Pantaleo Scelza, Caroline Sr Adeodato, Igor B Barbosa, Fernando de Noronha, Victor Montalli, Marcelo Napimoga, Vera C de Araújo, Gutemberg G Alves
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the inflammatory response to MTA Fillapex, AH Plus, and Pulp Canal Sealer Extensive Work Time (EWT), in a murine bone defect grafting model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bilateral mandibular critical defects were produced in 45 Wistar rats with a trephine bur#2 and filled with the endodontic sealers. After 7, 14, and 28 days, the rats were euthanized and their jaws were histologically prepared. RESULTS: For the 7-day group, no statistical significance was observed among all studied groups (p > 0...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Yan Wu, Fang Huang, Xin Zhou, Shaoling Yu, Qingming Tang, Shue Li, Juan Wang, Lili Chen
The use of biological repair in infectious bone defects has been a major challenge for clinicians. With potential for bone regeneration, stem cell therapy could be an effective biological restoration measure for infection-caused bone destruction. In this study, we propose a new stem cell therapy strategy for infectious bone defect repair through systemic transplantation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs). Hypoxic preconditioning (HP) is thought to be able to enhance duration of survival and therapeutic potency of engrafted stem cells; therefore, we examined the role of HP on hDPSC therapeutic efficacy...
October 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Wei Wang, Xiaosong Yi, Yanfang Ren, Qiufei Xie
INTRODUCTION: Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) is a potent signaling molecule that regulates diverse biological activities in cells. Its effects on human dental pulp cells (HDPCs) remain unknown. This study aimed to examine the effects of ATP on proliferation and differentiation of HDPCs. METHODS: Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was performed to explore the mRNA expression of P2 receptor subtypes. Cell Counting Kit-8 test and flow cytometry analysis were used to examine the effects of ATP on proliferation and cell cycle of HDPCs...
October 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Yukiko Tomikoshi, Maki Nomura, Noriyuki Okudaira, Hiroshi Sakagami, Hidetsugu Wakabayashi
Tumor-specificity (TS) and anti-inflammatory activity of benzo[b]cyclohept[e][1,4]oxazin-6(11H)-one, generally known as benzoxazinotropone (BOT), have been reported. In order to find a new biological activity, the combination effect of BOT and three apoptosis-inducing agents was investigated. Cytotoxicity against four human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines and five human oral normal cells (gingival fibroblasts, periodontal ligament fibroblasts, pulp cells, oral keratinocytes and primary gingival epithelial cells) was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) method...
September 2016: In Vivo
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