keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

HIV clinic cardiovascular prevention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860212/alcohol-and-dietary-factors-associate-with-gut-integrity-and-inflammation-in-hiv-infected-adults
#1
A R Webel, A Sattar, N T Funderburg, B Kinley, C T Longenecker, D Labbato, Sm Khurshid Alam, G A McComsey
OBJECTIVES: HIV-infected adults have heightened monocyte activation and inflammation, at least partially as a consequence of altered gut integrity. The role of dietary factors in microbial translocation and inflammation and their downstream effect on markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) have not been explored. Our purpose was to describe the longitudinal dietary patterns of HIV-infected adults, and to examine the relationship between dietary intake, gut integrity, inflammation and subclinical markers of CVD in HIV-infected adults...
November 9, 2016: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623022/tetrahydroisoquinolines-in-therapeutics-a-patent-review-2010-2015
#2
Inder Pal Singh, Purvi Shah
INTRODUCTION: 1,2,3,4-Tetrahydroisoquinoline (THIQ) is one of the "privileged scaffolds", commonly found in nature. Initially, this class of compounds was known for its neurotoxicity. Later on, 1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline was proved as an endogeneous Parkinsonism-preventing agent in mammals. The fused THIQs have been studied for their role as anticancer antibiotics. The US FDA approval of the trabectedin for the treatment of soft tissue sarcomas, is a milestone in the anticancer drug discovery...
September 13, 2016: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438424/hiv-and-hepatitis-c-virus-coinfection-who-is-this-patient-today
#3
Vicente Sperb Antonello, Ivan Carlos Ferreira Antonello, Rosana Ferrazza Zaltron, Cristiane Valle Tovo
BACKGROUND: - The increase in the survival following the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has seen the emergence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, renal and cardiovascular diseases as important morbidity and mortality causes together with HIV. OBJECTIVE: - The present study aimed to investigate the differences between HIV/hepatitis C virus coinfected and HIV-monoinfected regarding demographic and clinical aspects from a HIV/AIDS clinic in Porto Alegre, Brazil...
July 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390962/a-plausible-causal-link-between-antiretroviral-therapy-and-increased-blood-pressure-in-a-sub-saharan-african-setting-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#4
Chidozie U Nduka, Saverio Stranges, Gerald S Bloomfield, Peter K Kimani, Godwin Achinge, Abraham O Malu, Olalekan A Uthman
BACKGROUND: The transition from association to causation could represent a fundamental step for taking preventive action against hypertension and its complications, especially among HIV-infected persons on antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS: 406 consecutive HIV-infected adults attending a tertiary HIV clinic in semi-urban Nigeria were prospectively recruited between August and November 2014. These participants were stratified by antiretroviral treatment status...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355105/outcomes-of-patients-in-long-term-opioid-maintenance-treatment
#5
Bettina Zippel-Schultz, Michael Specka, Konrad Cimander, Thomas Eschenhagen, Jörg Gölz, Markus Maryschok, Manfred Nowak, Thomas Poehlke, Heino Stöver, Thomas M Helms, Norbert Scherbaum
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of duration of opioid maintenance treatment (OMT), only few studies have reported outcomes of long-term OMT. OBJECTIVES: To describe outcomes of long-term (> 5 years) OMT patients with respect to substance use, physical and mental health, and socioeconomic characteristics. METHODS: Patients (n = 160) were recruited from 15 OMT offices in different regions of Germany. Data were collected using a structured interview at baseline, and clinical recordings, including urine drug screenings, during 12 monhts follow-up...
September 18, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267576/a-summary-of-the-first-hiv-microbiome-workshop-2015
#6
Brett Williams, Paria Mirmonsef, Charles A B Boucher, Frederic Bushman, Stacy Carrington-Lawrence, Ronald G Collman, Satya Dandekar, Que Dang, Angela Malaspina, Roger Paredes, Arthur Stone, Alan Landay
The role of microbiota in the pathogenesis of HIV infection has become the subject of intense research in recent years. A rapidly growing amount of data suggests that microbial dysbiosis-in the gut or the genital tract-can influence HIV transmission and/or disease progression; however a deeper understanding of the mechanisms involved is lacking. To better understand the relationship between the microbiome and HIV infection, investigators from a wide variety of disciplines including those working in basic and clinical HIV studies, cardiovascular disease, reproductive health and bioinformatics gathered at the first International workshop on Microbiome in HIV Pathogenesis, Prevention and Treatment, at NIH on 7 and 8 April 2015...
June 7, 2016: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158629/challenges-facing-successful-scaling-up-of-effective-screening-for-cardiovascular-disease-by-community-health-workers-in-mexico-and-south-africa-policy-implications
#7
Abrahams-Gessel S, C A Denman, Gaziano Ta, Levitt Ns, Puoane T
The integration of community health workers (CHWs) into primary and secondary prevention functions in health programs and services delivery in Mexico and South Africa has been demonstrated to be effective. Task-sharing related to adherence and treatment, from nurses to CHWs, has also been effectively demonstrated in these areas. HIV/AIDS and TB programs in South Africa have seen similar successes in task-sharing with CHWs in the areas of screening for risk and adherence to treatment. In the area of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), there is a policy commitment to integrating CHWs into primary health care programs at public health facilities in both Mexico and South Africa in the areas of reproductive health and infant health...
2016: Health Systems and Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147266/obesity-in-the-hiv-infected-population-in-northeast-england-a-particular-issue-in-black-african-women
#8
C Ilozue, B Howe, S Shaw, K Haigh, J Hussey, D A Price, D R Chadwick
People living with HIV are surviving longer on successful antiretroviral therapy and obesity rates are increasing. We sought to determine the prevalence of being overweight or obese in a regional population of people living with HIV and to explore the demographic and clinical characteristics associated with obesity or being overweight. Data on patients attending three Northeast England clinics were collected including body mass index and demographics. The prevalence of being overweight (body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) or obese (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) was determined and compared with regional population data...
May 4, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27143663/statin-utilization-and-recommendations-among-hiv-and-hcv-infected-veterans-a-cohort-study
#9
Meredith E Clement, Lawrence P Park, Ann Marie Navar, Nwora Lance Okeke, Michael J Pencina, Pamela S Douglas, Susanna Naggie
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The potential impact of recently updated cholesterol guidelines on treatment of HIV- and HCV-infected veterans is unknown. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study to assess statin use and recommendations among 13 579 HIV-infected, 169 767 HCV-infected, and 6628 HIV/HCV-coinfected male veterans aged 40-75 years...
August 1, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27090989/hypertension-among-hiv-infected-patients-in-clinical-care-1996-2013
#10
Nwora Lance Okeke, Thibaut Davy, Joseph J Eron, Sonia Napravnik
BACKGROUND: Persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at higher risk for major cardiovascular disease (CVD) events than uninfected persons. Understanding the epidemiology of major traditional CVD risk determinants, particularly hypertension, in this population is needed. METHODS: The study population included HIV-infected patients participating in the UNC CFAR HIV Clinical Cohort from 1996 to 2013. Annual incidence rates of hypertension were calculated...
July 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27059051/jazzin-healthy-interdisciplinary-health-outreach-events-focused-on-disease-prevention-and-health-promotion
#11
Diana Isaacs, Angela C Riley, Lalita Prasad-Reddy, Rebecca Castner, Heather Fields, Deborah Harper-Brown, Sabah Hussein, Charisse L Johnson, Traiana Mangum, Sneha Srivastava
OBJECTIVES: Health-related disparities are a significant public health concern. In conjunction with a university concert series, healthcare professionals and students provided education, clinical services, and preventive care using an interdisciplinary approach to a primarily African American cohort. The objective was to assess cardiovascular risk factors and readiness to change health-related behaviors. METHODS: Six outreach events were conducted over 3 years by an interdisciplinary team including pharmacy, medicine, nursing, nutrition, occupational therapy, public health, optometry, and health information technology...
April 8, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048184/statins-and-aspirin-use-in-hiv-infected-people-gap-between-european-aids-clinical-society-guidelines-and-clinical-practice-the-results-from-hiv-hy-study
#12
Giuseppe Vittorio De Socio, Elena Ricci, Giustino Parruti, Leonardo Calza, Paolo Maggi, Benedetto Maurizio Celesia, Giancarlo Orofino, Giordano Madeddu, Canio Martinelli, Barbara Menzaghi, Lucia Taramasso, Giovanni Penco, Laura Carenzi, Marco Franzetti, Paolo Bonfanti
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the use of statins and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) in HIV people in clinical practice. DESIGN: A multicenter, nationwide, prospective cohort study, including 1182 consecutive HIV patients was conducted. METHODS: Statin and ASA prescription was evaluated in primary and secondary cardiovascular disease prevention, according to the European AIDS Clinical Society (EACS) guidelines. RESULTS: Followed-up patients (998) were mostly males (70...
October 2016: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013538/hiv-infection-itself-may-not-be-associated-with-subclinical-coronary-artery-disease-among-african-americans-without-cardiovascular-symptoms
#13
Hong Lai, Richard Moore, David D Celentano, Gary Gerstenblith, Glenn Treisman, Jeanne C Keruly, Thomas Kickler, Ji Li, Shaoguang Chen, Shenghan Lai, Elliot K Fishman
BACKGROUND: The key objectives of this study were to examine whether HIV infection itself is associated with subclinical coronary atherosclerosis and the potential contributions of cocaine use and antiretroviral therapies (ARTs) to subclinical coronary artery disease (CAD) in HIV-infected persons. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between June 2004 and February 2015, 1429 African American (AA) adults with/without HIV infection in Baltimore, Maryland, were enrolled in an observational study of the effects of HIV infection, exposure to ART, and cocaine use on subclinical CAD...
March 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26945746/healthmap-a-cluster-randomised-trial-of-interactive-health-plans-and-self-management-support-to-prevent-coronary-heart-disease-in-people-with-hiv
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sarity Dodson, Karen M Klassen, Karalyn McDonald, Tanya Millard, Richard H Osborne, Malcolm W Battersby, Christopher K Fairley, Julie A Simpson, Paula Lorgelly, Andrew Tonkin, Janine Roney, Sean Slavin, Jasminka Sterjovski, Margot Brereton, Sharon R Lewin, Levinia Crooks, Jo Watson, Michael R Kidd, Irith Williams, Julian H Elliott
BACKGROUND: The leading causes of morbidity and mortality for people in high-income countries living with HIV are now non-AIDS malignancies, cardiovascular disease and other non-communicable diseases associated with ageing. This protocol describes the trial of HealthMap, a model of care for people with HIV (PWHIV) that includes use of an interactive shared health record and self-management support. The aims of the HealthMap trial are to evaluate engagement of PWHIV and healthcare providers with the model, and its effectiveness for reducing coronary heart disease risk, enhancing self-management, and improving mental health and quality of life of PWHIV...
March 5, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26919174/comparing-the-ability-of-anthropometric-indicators-in-identifying-metabolic-syndrome-in-hiv-patients
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rebeca Antunes Beraldo, Gabriela Cristina Meliscki, Bruna Ramos Silva, Anderson Marliere Navarro, Valdes Roberto Bollela, André Schmidt, Maria Cristina Foss-Freitas
BACKGROUND: Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) can cause side effects in HIV patients, as the metabolic syndrome. Early identification of risk for development of cardiovascular diseases using available reliable and practical methods is fundamental. On this basis, the aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of anthropometric indicators to identify metabolic syndrome in HIV patients on HAART. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study. A number of 280 stable HIV patients were studied...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26910597/recent-insights-into-cardiovascular-disease-cvd-risk-among-hiv-infected-adults
#16
Robert C Kaplan, David B Hanna, Jorge R Kizer
While mortality rates related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) have decreased over time among adults with HIV, excess risk of CVD in the HIV-infected population may persist despite highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) treatment and aggressive CVD risk factor control. Beyond atherosclerotic CVD, recent studies suggest that HIV infection may be associated with left ventricular systolic and diastolic function, interstitial myocardial fibrosis, and increased cardiac fat infiltration. Thus, with the increasing average age of the HIV-infected population, heart failure and arrhythmic disorders may soon rival coronary artery disease as the most prevalent forms of CVD...
February 2016: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26639041/patterns-of-cardiovascular-mortality-for-hiv-infected-adults-in-the-united-states-1999-to-2013
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Matthew J Feinstein, Ehete Bahiru, Chad Achenbach, Christopher T Longenecker, Priscilla Hsue, Kaku So-Armah, Matthew S Freiberg, Donald M Lloyd-Jones
With widespread availability and the use of antiretroviral therapy, patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States are living long enough to experience non-AIDS-defining illnesses. HIV is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) because of traditional CVD risk factors, residual virally mediated inflammation despite HIV treatment, and side effects of antiretroviral therapy. No United States population-wide studies have evaluated patterns of CVD mortality for HIV-infected subjects...
January 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26633306/leukoreduction-for-the-prevention-of-adverse-reactions-from-allogeneic-blood-transfusion
#18
REVIEW
Daniel Simancas-Racines, Dimelza Osorio, Arturo J Martí-Carvajal, Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: A blood transfusion is an acute intervention, implemented to solve life and health-threatening conditions on a short-term basis. However, blood transfusions have adverse events, some of them potentially related to immune modulation or to a direct transmission of infectious agents (e.g. cytomegalovirus). Leukoreduction is a process in which the white blood cells are intentionally reduced in packed red blood cells (PRBCs) in order to reduce the risk of adverse reactions. The potential benefits of leukoreduced PRBCs in all types of transfused patients for decreasing infectious and non-infectious complications remain unclear...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26581424/syphilis-hospitalisations-in-portugal-over-the-last-decade
#19
B Sousa-Pinto, A Freitas, C Lisboa
Although several studies have reported an increase of syphilis incidence over the last decade in Western Europe, information concerning syphilis epidemiology in Portugal remains scarce. Therefore, we sought to characterise acquired syphilis-associated hospitalisations in Portugal according to demographic and clinical data. We used a database containing all hospitalisations that occurred in mainland Portugal public hospitals with discharges between 2000 and 2014. We analysed all hospitalisations associated with ICD-9-CM codes 091-097...
February 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26511511/identification-of-type-2-diabetes-subgroups-through-topological-analysis-of-patient-similarity
#20
Li Li, Wei-Yi Cheng, Benjamin S Glicksberg, Omri Gottesman, Ronald Tamler, Rong Chen, Erwin P Bottinger, Joel T Dudley
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a heterogeneous complex disease affecting more than 29 million Americans alone with a rising prevalence trending toward steady increases in the coming decades. Thus, there is a pressing clinical need to improve early prevention and clinical management of T2D and its complications. Clinicians have understood that patients who carry the T2D diagnosis have a variety of phenotypes and susceptibilities to diabetes-related complications. We used a precision medicine approach to characterize the complexity of T2D patient populations based on high-dimensional electronic medical records (EMRs) and genotype data from 11,210 individuals...
October 28, 2015: Science Translational Medicine
keyword
keyword
90235
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"