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Cardiac computed tomography angiography

Matthew J Budoff, Dong Li, Ella A Kazerooni, Gregory S Thomas, Jennifer H Mieres, Leslee J Shaw
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Although multiple studies have shown excellent accuracy statistics for noninvasive angiography by coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA), most studies comparing nuclear imaging to CCTA were performed on patients already referred for cardiac catheterization, introducing referral and selection bias. This prospective trial evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of 64-row CCTA to detect obstructive coronary stenosis compared to myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), using quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) as a reference standard...
October 19, 2016: Academic Radiology
K L Yew, Z Kang, A Anum
Coronary artery anomalies are often discovered incidentally during cardiac catheterization or computed tomography coronary angiography and may involve the affected coronary artery origin and its course. Coronary artery anomalies are associated with congenital heart disease. The affected coronary arteries may have an unusual high take off origin, origin from contralateral or non-coronary sinus, origin from the pulmonary artery, single coronary system or coronary artery fistula.
August 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Jessica Vanhaebost, Kewin Ducrot, Sébastien de Froidmont, Maria Pia Scarpelli, Coraline Egger, Pia Baumann, Gregory Schmit, Silke Grabherr, Cristian Palmiere
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess whether the identification of pathological myocardial enhancement at multiphase postmortem computed tomography angiography was correlated with increased levels of troponin T and I in postmortem serum from femoral blood as well as morphological findings of myocardial ischemia. We further aimed to investigate whether autopsy cases characterized by increased troponin T and I concentrations as well as morphological findings of myocardial ischemia were also characterized by pathological myocardial enhancement at multiphase postmortem computed tomography angiography...
October 20, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
Ricardo Ladeiras-Lopes, Francisco Sampaio, Nuno Bettencourt, Ricardo Fontes-Carvalho, Nuno Ferreira, Adelino Leite-Moreira, Vasco Gama
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity is an important cardiovascular risk factor and the location of fat deposits seems to be an important determinant of its metabolic impact. Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) exerts a harmful effect on metabolic homeostasis, but few longitudinal studies have evaluated the prognostic impact of the ratio of VAT to subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). This study aimed to evaluate whether the VAT/SAT ratio was associated with all-cause mortality and cardiac events...
October 17, 2016: Revista Española de Cardiología
George Kassimis, Nikant Sabharwal, Niket Patel, Adrian P Banning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Minerva Cardioangiologica
Yoriaki Matsumoto, Takanori Masuda, Yukari Yamashita, Takayuki Oku, Hirofumi Uyama, Tomoyasu Sato, Naoyuki Imada
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of vessel visibility and radiation dose using contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) method with low tube voltage in coronary computed tomography angiography (c-CTA). METHODS: We performed electrocardiogram-gated scan of 2.0-mm diameter simulated vessel in the center of the cardiac phantom by the use of a 64-detector CT scanner. Reference CNR was calculated from the target coronary CT number (CTnumberA; 350 Hounsfield units [HU]), epicardial fat CT number (CTnumberB; -100 HU), and target epicardial fat standard deviation (SD) number (SDB; 25 HU) at the 120 kV...
2016: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
Girish Dwivedi, Yingwei Liu, Shrankhala Tewari, Joao Inacio, Matthieu Pelletier-Galarneau, Benjamin J W Chow
BACKGROUND: Coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography (CCTA) has the ability to detect, characterize, and quantify atherosclerotic plaques. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic power of CCTA-quantified plaque subtypes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 36 patients with adverse events and 36 Morise score-matched patients who remained event free on follow-up were identified. Using CCTA images, plaque subtype volumes in the major epicardial arteries were analyzed using predetermined attenuation ranges in Hounsfield units (HU): 1 to 30 HU (low attenuating), 31 to 70 HU (intermediate attenuating), 71 to 150 HU (high attenuating), and mean coronary lumen+2 SD to 1000 HU (calcified)...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
Jack H Boyd, Vedant S Pargaonkar, David H Scoville, Ian S Rogers, Takumi Kimura, Shigemitsu Tanaka, Ryotaro Yamada, Michael P Fischbein, Jennifer A Tremmel, Robert Scott Mitchell, Ingela Schnittger
BACKGROUND: Left anterior descending artery myocardial bridges (MBs) range from clinically insignificant incidental angiographic findings to a potential cause of sudden cardiac death. Within this spectrum, a group of patients with isolated, symptomatic, and hemodynamically significant MBs despite maximally tolerated medical therapy exist for whom the optimal treatment is controversial. We evaluated supraarterial myotomy, or surgical unroofing, of the left anterior descending MBs as an isolated procedure in these patients...
October 1, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Cai-Ying Li, Bu-Lang Gao, Tong Pan, Cheng Xiang, Xue-Jing Zhang, Xiao-Wei Liu, Qiong-Ying Fan
PURPOSE: To quantitatively measure the morphology parameters of the right auricle with 256-slice multidetector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) in healthy people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 200 patients who had undergone coronary MDCTA with negative findings was performed. The raw imaging data were reconstructed and the right auricular volume, right atrial volume, right auricle height, base long and short axes, base perimeter and area, normal angle, and distance were quantitatively measured...
October 7, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
J Tobias Kühl, Thomas S Kristensen, Anna F Thomsen, Louise Hindsø, Kristoffer L Hansen, Olav W Nielsen, Henning Kelbæk, Klaus F Kofoed
BACKGROUND: Signs of pulmonary congestion obtained from cardiac computed tomography angiographic (coronary CTA) images have not previously been related to clinical congestion or outcome and the clinical value is, therefore, unknown. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that signs of pulmonary congestion predict clinical heart failure and adverse outcome in patients with myocardial infarction. METHODS: Coronary CTA was performed before invasive treatment in 400 prospectively included patients with non ST segment elevation myocardial infarction in an observational study...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Pelbreton C Balfour, Jorge A Gonzalez, Christopher M Kramer
Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains a significant global public health burden despite advancements in prevention and therapeutic strategies. Common non-invasive imaging modalities, anatomic and functional, are available for the assessment of patients with stable chest pain. Exercise electrocardiography is a long-standing method for evaluation for CAD and remains the initial test for the majority of patients who can exercise adequately with a baseline interpretable electrocardiogram. The addition of cardiac imaging to exercise testing provides incremental benefit for accurate diagnosis for CAD and is particularly useful in patients who are unable to exercise adequately and/or have uninterpretable electrocardiograms...
September 12, 2016: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Chest pain is a common presentation to the emergency department (ED), though the majority of patients are not diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Many patients are admitted to the hospital due to fear of ACS. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate controversies in low-risk chest pain evaluation, including risk of missed ACS, stress test, and coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). DISCUSSION: Chest pain accounts for 10 million ED visits in the United States annually...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
P Laborda-Vidal, B Pedro, M Baker, A R Gelzer, J Dukes-McEwan, T W Maddox
Pulmonic stenosis (PS) is the most common congenital cardiac disease in dogs. Boxers and English bulldogs are among the most commonly affected breeds and also commonly associated with an aberrant coronary artery (CA). If an aberrant CA is suspected and balloon valvuloplasty indicated, an intra-operative angiography is recommended prior to the procedure. ECG-gated computed tomography (CT) can be used to screen for CA anomalies in a quick and minimally-invasive way (preventing side effects associated with selective catheter angiography) and allowing early planning of the procedure...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Edoardo Conte, Andrea Annoni, Gianluca Pontone, Saima Mushtaq, Marco Guglielmo, Andrea Baggiano, Valentina Volpato, Cecilia Agalbato, Alice Bonomi, Fabrizio Veglia, Alberto Formenti, Cesare Fiorentini, Antonio L Bartorelli, Mauro Pepi, Daniele Andreini
AIMS: Recent studies suggested that even non-obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) increases major cardiovascular adverse events (MACE) rate. Aim of this study was to evaluate whether coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) may detect specific plaque characteristics that may affect prognosis in patients with non-obstructive CAD. METHODS: We enrolled 245 patients who underwent CCTA between April 2004 and April 2007 for suspected CAD and were found to have non-obstructive CAD...
September 27, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Lillian M Lai, Joseph Y Cheng, Marcus T Alley, Tao Zhang, Michael Lustig, Shreyas S Vasanawala
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of ferumoxytol-enhanced anesthesia-free cardiac MRI in neonates and young infants for complex congenital heart disease (CHD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: With Institutional Review Board approval, 21 consecutive neonates and young infants (1 day to 11 weeks old; median age of 3 days) who underwent a rapid two-sequence (MR angiography [MRA] and four-dimensional [4D] flow) MRI protocol with intravenous ferumoxytol without sedation (n = 17) or light sedation (n = 4) at 3 Tesla (T) (except one case at 1...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Daniel B Adams, Om Narayan, Ravi Kiran Munnur, James D Cameron, Dennis T L Wong, Andrew H Talman, Richard W Harper, Sujith K Seneviratne, Ian T Meredith, Brian S Ko
Epidemiological studies observed a higher prevalence of coronary atherosclerosis in South Asians when compared to Caucasians, but quantitative computed tomography differences in aggregate plaque volume (APV) and epicardial fat volume (EFV) between South Asians, Southeast or East Asians (SEEAs) and Caucasians remain unknown. We aimed to compare APV and EFV quantified on computed-tomographic-coronary-angiography (CTCA) between South Asian, SEEA and Caucasian populations residing in Australia. Age, gender and body-mass-index matched subjects from three ethnic groups who underwent clinically indicated 320-detector CTCA were retrospectively analysed...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
George Kassimis, Nikant Sabharwal, Niket Patel, Adrian P Banning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Minerva Cardioangiologica
Yuji Iyama, Takeshi Nakaura, Masafumi Kidoh, Seitaro Oda, Daisuke Utsunomiya, Naritsugu Sakaino, Shinichi Tokuyasu, Hirokazu Osakabe, Kazunori Harada, Yasuyuki Yamashita
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the noise and image quality of images reconstructed with a knowledge-based iterative model reconstruction (knowledge-based IMR) in ultra-low dose cardiac computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed submillisievert radiation dose coronary CT angiography on 43 patients. We also performed a phantom study to evaluate the influence of object size with the automatic exposure control phantom...
September 21, 2016: Academic Radiology
Huanhuan Wang, Yin Zhang, Yanbo Xie, Hongyue Wang, Jinqing Yuan
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is defined as coronary dilatation which exceeds the diameter of the normal adjacent artery segments or the diameter of the patient's largest coronary artery by 1.5 times. The incidence of giant CAA is difficult to be determined, since only few reports have been described in the literature. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 65-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of a "mass" in the right heart detected on echocardiography at a regular medical health examination, while he experienced no any symptoms...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Aimee E Moores, Michael S Cahill, Todd C Villines
Aortic mycotic aneurysms are a rare but life-threatening potential complication of infective endocarditis. Rapid deterioration of the vascular wall in highly focal areas makes these pseudoaneurysms particularly prone to rupture, resulting in uncontrolled aortic hemorrhage. While computed tomography angiography (CTA) is the imaging modality of choice for the evaluation of mycotic aneurysms, it is not routinely performed in patients with known or suspected infective endocarditis (IE). However, current valvular heart disease guidelines support the use of cardiac CTA in cases of IE and suspected perivalvular extension when there is inadequate or ambiguous visualization on echocardiography...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
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