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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302165/bilateral-adrenal-hemorrhage-in-the-background-of-escherichia-coli-sepsis-a-case-report
#1
Jahanzaib Khwaja
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a syndrome of life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. It can have devastating consequences, including bilateral adrenal hemorrhage, particularly in patients at high thrombotic risk, such as those with antiphospholipid syndrome and those on long-term anticoagulation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 49-year-old white woman re-presented to hospital with a history suggestive of sepsis. She had a medical background of primary antiphospholipid syndrome on lifelong warfarin...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277850/diagnosis-and-management-of-catastrophic-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#2
Or Carmi, Maya Berla, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Yair Levy
Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is a rare, life-threatening disease. In 1992, Asherson defined it as a widespread coagulopathy related to the antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). CAPS requires rapid diagnosis and prompt initiation of treatment. Areas covered: This paper discusses all aspects of CAPS, including its pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnostic approaches, differential diagnoses, management and treatment of relapsing CAPS, and its prognosis. To obtain the information used in this review, scientific databases were searched using the key words antiphospholipid antibodies, catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome, hemolytic anemia, lupus anticoagulant, and thrombotic microangiopathic hemolytic anemia...
March 13, 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246490/cystic-adrenal-lesions-focus-on-pediatric-population-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Mara Carsote, Adina Ghemigian, Dana Terzea, Ancuta Augustina Gheorghisan-Galateanu, Ana Valea
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The cysts may potentially affect any organ; adrenals cysts are rare. This is a review of the literature regarding adrenal cysts, focusing on children and young adults. GENERAL DATA: Three major types have been described: pure cysts (endothelial, epithelial, and hemorrhagic or pseudocyst), parasitic (as hydatid) cysts and cystic part of a tumour (most frequent are neuroblastoma, ganglioneuroma, pheocromocytoma, and teratoma). The complications are: bleeding, local pressure effects; infection; rupture (including post-traumatic); arterial hypertension due to renal vessels compression...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898514/a-rare-combination-of-thrombotic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-and-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#4
Maya Viner, Irina Murakhovskaya
Thrombocytopenia, in the setting of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombotic events, is characteristic of both thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and primary antiphospholipid syndrome. Clinically, it is difficult to distinguish between these two syndromes. We present a 41-year-old woman with chronic, relapsing thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura in the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. She had clinical manifestations of antiphospholipid syndrome without meeting laboratory criteria of the Sydney classification system...
November 24, 2016: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776934/the-antiphospholipid-syndrome-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#5
REVIEW
Guillermo J Pons-Estel, Laura Andreoli, Francesco Scanzi, Ricard Cervera, Angela Tincani
The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by the occurrence of venous and/or arterial thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity in the presence of pathogenic autoantibodies known as antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). APS may be associated with other diseases, mainly systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The presence or absence of SLE might modify the clinical or serological expression of APS. Apart from the classical manifestations, APS patients with associated SLE more frequently display a clinical profile with arthralgias, arthritis, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, livedo reticularis, epilepsy, glomerular thrombosis, and myocardial infarction...
January 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708976/the-clinical-significance-of-antiphospholipid-antibodies-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#6
REVIEW
Ozan Ünlü, Stephane Zuily, Doruk Erkan
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is the association of thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Thirty to forty percent of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are tested positive for aPL, which may have an impact on the SLE presentation, management, and prognosis. Compared with SLE patients without aPL, those with aPL have a higher prevalence of thrombosis, pregnancy morbidity, valve disease, pulmonary hypertension, livedo reticularis, thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, acute/chronic renal vascular lesions, and moderate/severe cognitive impairment; worse quality of life; and higher risk of organ damage...
June 2016: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504588/aire-mutations-and-autoimmune-disease
#7
Øyvind Bruserud, Bergithe E Oftedal, Anette B Wolff, Eystein S Husebye
The gene causing the severe organ-specific autoimmune disease autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type-1 (APS-1) was identified in 1997 and named autoimmune regulator (AIRE). AIRE plays a key role in shaping central immunological tolerance by facilitating negative selection of T cells in the thymus, building the thymic microarchitecture, and inducing a specific subset of regulatory T cells. So far, about 100 mutations have been identified. Recent advances suggest that certain mutations located in the SAND and PHD1 domains exert a dominant negative effect on wild type AIRE resulting in milder seemingly common forms of autoimmune diseases, including pernicious anemia, vitiligo and autoimmune thyroid disease...
August 6, 2016: Current Opinion in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442513/pregnancy-outcomes-in-chinese-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-a-retrospective-study-of-109-pregnancies
#8
Ming Ku, Shuiming Guo, Weifeng Shang, Qing Li, Rui Zeng, Min Han, Shuwang Ge, Gang Xu
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem autoimmune disease that primarily affects women during their reproductive years. The interaction between SLE and pregnancy remains debated. The objective of this study was to analyze the fetal and maternal outcomes of Chinese women with SLE. A total of 109 pregnancies in 83 SLE patients from June 2004 to June 2014 at a tertiary university hospital were reviewed retrospectively. Patients' characteristics, clinical and laboratory data during pregnancy were obtained from electronic medical records...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26950981/-renal-thrombotic-microangiopathy-and-antiphospholipid-syndrome-nephropathy-in-a-patient-with-lupus-nephritis
#9
Yusuke Sakamaki, Konosuke Konishi, Akinori Hashiguchi, Shigeki Tomita, Eiji Kubota, Hiroshi Itoh, Koichi Hayashi
The patient was a 48-year-old Japanese woman diagnosed as having systemic lupus erythematosus at the age of 21 years when she presented with fever and an erythematous skin rash on her face and extremities. Prednisolone was initiated at that time. Thirteen days before admission to our hospital, she was referred to us by her family physician. Upon admission, blood tests showed pancytopenia, hypocomplementemia, and renal dysfunction, as well as the presence of lupus anticoagulant. Urinalysis showed abundant proteinuria and heavy microscopic hematuria...
2016: Nihon Jinzo Gakkai Shi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928404/association-of-autoimmune-thyroid-diseases-chronic-atrophic-gastritis-and-gastric-carcinoid-experience-from-a-single-institution
#10
C Castoro, R Le Moli, M L Arpi, M Tavarelli, G Sapuppo, L Frittitta, S Squatrito, G Pellegriti
PURPOSE: Autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes (APS) type III are characterized by the association of autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD) with other autoimmune diseases such as diabetes, alopecia, pernicious anemia, vitiligo and chronic atrophic gastritis. A strong association between ATD and atrophic gastritis (AG) has been demonstrated. Moreover 10 % of patients affected by AG have a predisposition to develop gastric carcinoid and adenocarcinoma as a result of chronic hypergastrinemia caused by achlorhydria and subsequent ELC cells neoplastic transformation...
July 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26086363/immunotherapy-in-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
Ch Lopez-Pedrera, M A Aguirre, P Ruiz-Limon, C Pérez-Sánchez, Y Jimenez-Gomez, N Barbarroja, M J Cuadrado
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a disorder characterized by the association of arterial or venous thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity with the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (anticardiolipin antibodies, lupus anticoagulant antibodies, and/or anti-β2-glycoprotein I antibodies). Thrombosis is the major manifestation in patients with aPLs, but the spectrum of symptoms and signs associated with aPLs has broadened considerably, and other manifestations, such as thrombocytopenia, non-thrombotic neurological syndromes, psychiatric manifestations, livedo reticularis, skin ulcers, hemolytic anemia, pulmonary hypertension, cardiac valve abnormality, and atherosclerosis, have also been related to the presence of those antibodies...
August 2015: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25929633/childhood-lupus-with-microangiopathic-antiphospholipid-syndrome-and-pulmonary-hemorrhage
#12
Dharmendra Bhadauria, Praveen Etta, Anupma Kaul, Narayan Prasad
BACKGROUND: Concurrent thrombotic and hemorrhagic manifestations are uncommon in patients with Antiphospholipid Syndrome. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: A 10-year-old girl with fever, edema, rash and joint pains, who later developed deep venous thrombosis (DVT), stroke, thrombotic microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and pulmonary hemorrhage. Investigations confirmed Antiphospholipid syndrome associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. OUTCOME: She went into complete remission with intravenous immunoglobulins, plasmapheresis, immunosuppression and anticoagulation...
April 2015: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25900788/antiphospholipid-syndrome-in-a-patient-suffering-from-congenital-dyserythropoietic-anemia-type-iii
#13
LETTER
Gonzalo Carreno-Tarragona, Francisco Trapiello-Valbuena, Judit Aranda-Salom, Joaquín Martínez-López, Carlos Lumbreras, Encarnación Oliveira-Ramírez, Carmen Díaz-Pedroche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25818822/prevalence-of-the-american-college-of-rheumatology-hematological-classification-criteria-and-associations-with-serological-and-clinical-variables-in-460-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients
#14
Thelma Skare, Renata Damin, Renata Hofius
OBJECTIVE: To study systemic lupus erythematosus in a Brazilian population using the American College of Rheumatology hematological classification criteria and report associations of the disease with serological and clinical profiles. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 460 systemic lupus erythematosus patients followed in a single rheumatologic center during the last 10 years. Hematological manifestations considered for this study were hemolysis, leukopenia, lymphocytopenia and thrombocytopenia...
March 2015: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25808274/autoimmune-spontaneous-chronic-urticaria-and-generalized-myasthenia-gravis-in-a-patient-with-polyglandular-autoimmune-syndrome-type-3
#15
Sergio Umberto De Marchi, Emanuela Cecchin, Sergio De Marchi
INTRODUCTION: Autoimmune polyglandular syndromes (APS) are a group of disorders characterized by the presence of autoimmune processes in several endocrine and non-endocrine organs that are classified into 4 types. METHODS: We describe the case of a woman affected with APS type 3 who presented initially with Hashimoto thyroiditis and pernicious anemia and subsequently developed autoimmune chronic urticaria, myasthenia gravis, and type 1 diabetes mellitus. RESULTS: This patient had a combination of components of APS types 3b, 3a, and 3c...
September 2015: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25806101/hellp-syndrome-at-17-weeks-gestation-a-rare-and-catastrophic-phenomenon
#16
Erica L Berry, Sara N Iqbal
HELLP syndrome is a collection of symptoms described as hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets. HELLP syndrome complicates 0.01-0.6% of pregnancies and can be considered a severe variant of preeclampsia. The occurrence of HELLP syndrome diagnosed before the 20th week of gestation has been most commonly reported in association with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) or triploid chromosomal anomalies. A 41-year-old primigravida was admitted at 17 weeks and 6 days gestation with hypertension, proteinuria, hemolytic anemia and acute renal injury...
December 2014: Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25787579/-228-pos-a-complicated-pregnancy-with-preeclampsia-hellp-syndrome-and-thrombotic-microangiopathy-in-a-woman-with-lupus-and-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#17
Amy E Lin, Nadine Shehata, Heather Reich, David Barth, Carl Laskin, Stephen Lapinsky, Shital Gandhi
OBJECTIVES: We outline a case of a woman with lupus (SLE) and antiphospholipid syndrome (APLA) at 26 weeks' gestation who develops a complex multiorgan condition with a broad differential. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 34 year old woman, G1P0, presented at 26 weeks gestation with a 5 day history of epigastric pain and emesis. She has a history of lupus anticoagulant (LAC), anticardiolipin (ACL) and anti-dsDNA (ADD) positive SLE and APLA syndrome diagnosed at age 13 with multiple small cerebral infarcts...
January 2015: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25716420/sle-presenting-as-multiple-hemorrhagic-complications
#18
M C Abdulla, J Alungal, S Hashim, M M Ali, M Musambil
A 24 year old female with hereditary spastic paraplegia presented with intermittent headache for one year. She also had lower abdominal pain and vomiting for two months. She was pale, had icterus and mild splenomegaly. On diagnostic evaluation she was found to have hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and bilateral adrenal, subdural, soft tissue (scalp and orbit) hemorrhages due to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) antibodies were negative. Bilateral adrenal hemorrhage without associated APS is a rare phenomenon in SLE...
September 2015: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25604575/catastrophic-aps-in-the-context-of-other-thrombotic-microangiopathies
#19
REVIEW
Ignasi Rodríguez-Pintó, Gerard Espinosa, Ricard Cervera
The catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is a rare disease that affects 1 % of cases with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). CAPS can mimic or overlap with different thrombotic diseases; many patients present with a microthrombotic storm or thrombotic microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (TMHA). Thus, the differential diagnosis of CAPS includes thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), typical and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), systemic infections, malignancies, pregnancy-related disorders, malignant hypertension, heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, and drug-induced thrombotic microangiopathies...
January 2015: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25455719/what-is-new-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#20
REVIEW
Iñigo Rúa-Figueroa Fernández de Larrinoa
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a heterogeneous rheumatic systemic disease with extremely varied clinical manifestations and a diverse pathogenesis, as illustrated in this review on the most relevant new knowledge related to the disease. Topics such as anemia, pathogenesis, cardiovascular risk assessment, antiphospholipid syndrome, prediction of damage and recent advances in treatment, including tolerogenic and biological agents, are discussed. Relevant contributions regarding classical therapies such as corticosteroid and antimalarials and their optimal use, as well as the roll of vitamin D, are also referred...
January 2015: Reumatología Clinica
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