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Hind limb ischemia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499867/glycine-nitronyl-nitroxide-conjugate-protects-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells-against-hypoxia-reoxygenation-injury-via-multiple-mechanisms-and-ameliorates-hind-limb-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#1
Xiang Gao, Yue Bi, Kui Chi, Yang Liu, Tao Yuan, Xueyan Li, Wei Bi
Oxidative stress and inflammation play important roles in the pathogenesis of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-injury. The administration of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents has been applied to prevent I/R-injury for several decades. Of the numerous compounds administrated therapeutically in anti-oxidative stress, nitronyl nitroxide has gained increasing attention due to its continuous ability to scavenge active oxygen radicals. However, its effect is not ideal in clinical therapy. In previous study, we linked the anti-inflammatory amino acid glycine to nitronyl nitroxide and developed a novel glycine-nitronyl nitroxide (GNN) conjugate, which showed a synergetic protection against renal ischemia/reperfusion injury...
June 17, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487975/decreased-phosphorylation-of-pdgfr-%C3%AE-impairs-the-angiogenic-potential-of-expanded-endothelial-progenitor-cells-via-the-inhibition-of-pi3k-akt-signaling
#2
Haiyuan Lu, Hua Mei, Fan Wang, Qian Zhao, Siqi Wang, Lvjun Liu, Lamei Cheng
Human umbilical cord blood-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been proven to contribute to post-natal angiogenesis, and have been applied in various models of ischemia. However, to date, to the best of our knowledge, there is no available data on the angiogenic properties of EPCs during the process of in vitro expansion. In this study, we expanded EPCs to obtain cells at different passages, and analyzed their cellular properties and angiogenic ability. In the process of expansion, no changes were observed in cell cobblestone-like morphology, apoptotic rate and telomere length...
June 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481745/effects-of-cilostazol-and-diltiazem-hydrochloride-on-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-a-rat-hindlimb-model
#3
Bekir Inan, Selma Sönmez Ergün, Asiye Nurten, Canan Küçükgergin, Aslı Zengin Türkmen, Şule Seçkin, Kerem Erkalp, Sedat Ziyade
OBJECTIVE: Free radicals and neutrophils are potent sources of ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/R) and they can be limited by the use of exogenous application of some therapeutic agents. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of cilostazol and diltiazem hydrochloride in a rat hind limb model of I/R injury. Methods: Skeletal muscles submitted to 2 hours of ischemia by placing an aneurysm clip to femoral artery and reperfused after 1, 2 and 4 hours. Seventy-two Wistar-Albino rats were randomly divided into mainly four groups according to treatment agents:  Group I (control group) was treated with saline; Group II was treated with diltiazem hydrochloride; Group III was treated with cilostazol in 30% dimethyl sulphoxide; and Group IV was treated with 30% dimethyl sulphoxide intraperitoneally...
April 29, 2017: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479248/effects-of-non-invasive-remote-ischemic-conditioning-on-rehabilitation-after-myocardial-infarction
#4
Meng-Yao An, Yan Li, Wen-Hua Chen, Ying Zhang, Yan-Na Wu, Kai Sun, Ying-Ying Pan, Yong-Qiang Yin, Jian-Shi Lou
Recent studies have demonstrated that remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) creates cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion injury and myocardial infarction (MI); however, the effects of non-invasive remote ischemic conditioning (nRIC) on prognosis and rehabilitation after MI (post-MI) remain unknown. We successfully established MI models involving healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. The nRIC group repeatedly underwent 5 min of ischemia and 5 min of reperfusion in the left hind limb for three cycles every other day until weeks 4, 6, and 8 after MI...
May 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469805/therapeutic-ultrasound-protects-huvecs-from-ischemia-hypoxia-induced-apoptosis-via-the-pi3k-akt-pathway
#5
Jing-Juan Huang, Yi-Qin Shi, Rui-Lin Li, An Hu, Zhao-Yang Lu, Liang Weng, Yi-Peng Han, Shen-Qi Wang, Lan Zhang, Chang-Ning Hao, Jun-Li Duan
Background: Previous studies have demonstrated that therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) ameliorates angiogenesis on ischemic hind limb animals and also promotes human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) tube formation. Apoptosis plays a key role in post-ischemic angiogenesis pathogenesis. However, the mechanisms underlying the anti-apoptotic effects of TUS are not clear. Therefore we put forward the hypothesis that TUS might promote angiogenesis during ischemia/hypoxia (I/H) by decreasing apoptosis. Methods: We investigated the cytoprotective role of TUS and the underlying mechanisms in I/H-induced HUVEC apoptosis...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434264/exploring-effects-of-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-in-a-pig-model-of-hypothermic-circulatory-arrest
#6
Johanna Herajärvi, Tuomas Anttila, Elitsa Y Dimova, Tuomas Laukka, Mikko Myllymäki, Henri Haapanen, Benjamin A Olenchock, Hannu Tuominen, Ulla Puistola, Peeter Karihtala, Kai Kiviluoma, Peppi Koivunen, Vesa Anttila, Tatu Juvonen
OBJECTIVES: During aortic and cardiac surgery, risks for mortality and morbidity are inevitable. Surgical setups involving deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) are effective to achieve organ protection against ischemic injury. The aim of this study was to identify humoural factors mediating additive protective effects of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) in a porcine model of DHCA. DESIGN: Twenty-two pigs were randomized into the RIPC group (n = 11) and the control group (n = 11)...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433939/enhanced-proangiogenic-potential-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-derived-exosomes-stimulated-by-a-nitric-oxide-releasing-polymer
#7
Wei Du, Kaiyue Zhang, Shuaiqiang Zhang, Ran Wang, Yan Nie, Hongyan Tao, Zhibo Han, Lu Liang, Di Wang, Jianfeng Liu, Na Liu, Zhongchao Han, Deling Kong, Qiang Zhao, Zongjin Li
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-derived exosomes have been recognized as new candidates for the treatment of degenerative diseases or injury and may provide an alternative to cell-based therapy. However, the compositions in MSC-derived exosomes are highly influenced by the microenvironment in which their original cells reside. Here, we hypothesized that a nitric oxide (NO)-releasing polymer can boost the proangiogenic compositions of exosomes and enhance their proangiogenic capacity. Our results demonstrated that exosomes, released from human placenta-derived MSCs (hP-MSCs) by NO stimulation, augment the angiogenic effects of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro...
April 17, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427198/hypoxia-activates-placental-growth-factor-expression-in-lymphatic-endothelial-cells
#8
Laura Tudisco, Augusto Orlandi, Valeria Tarallo, Sandro De Falco
Placental growth factor (PlGF), a proangiogenic member of vascular endothelial growth family, is active during pathological conditions like cancer, metastasis formation and hind limb ischemia and in wound healing. Endothelial cells express PlGF and hypoxia positively modulates in vitro its expression. To verify whether hypoxia modulates PlGF expression in different cellular contexts and in vivo, we first analyzed five human and five mouse cancer cell lines showing that in eight of them hypoxia positively modulates PlGF...
May 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407473/trimodal-rescue-of-hind-limb-ischemia-with-growth-factors-cells-and-nanocarriers-fundamentals-to-clinical-trials
#9
Rajesh Lakshmanan, Gopi Ukani, Muhammad Tipu Rishi, Nilanjana Maulik
Peripheral artery disease is a severe medical condition commonly characterized by critical or acute limb ischemia. Gradual accumulation of thrombotic plaques in peripheral arteries of the lower limb may lead to intermittent claudication or ischemia in muscle tissue. Ischemic muscle tissue with lesions may become infected, resulting in a non-healing wound. Stable progression of the non-healing wound associated with severe ischemia might lead to functional deterioration of the limb, which, depending on the severity, can result in amputation...
April 13, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406931/a-model-of-periventricular-leukomalacia-pvl-in-neonate-mice-with-histopathological-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-mimicking-human-pvl-in-neonates
#10
Nahla Zaghloul, Hardik Patel, Mohamed Nagy Ahmed
Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), a brain injury affecting premature infants is commonly associated with cerebral palsy. PVL results from hypoxia-ischemia (HI) with or without infection and is characterized by white matter necrotic lesions, hypomyelination, microglial activation, astrogliosis, and neuronal death. It is important to study a PVL mouse model that mimics human PVL in symptomatology, anatomic and molecular basis. In our neonate mice model, bilateral carotid arteries were temporary ligated at P5 followed by hypoxic exposure (FiO2 of 8% for 20 min...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397127/a-novel-strategy-to-enhance-angiogenesis-in-vivo-using-the-small-vegf-binding-peptide-pr1p
#11
Avner Adini, Irit Adini, Zai-Long Chi, Ratmir Derda, Amy E Birsner, Benjamin D Matthews, Robert J D'Amato
Therapeutic angiogenesis is an experimental frontier in vascular biology that seeks to deliver angiogenic growth factors to ischemic or injured tissues to promote targeted formation of new blood vessels as an alternative approach to surgical revascularization procedures. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic signal protein that is locally upregulated at sites of tissue injury. However, therapies aimed at increasing VEGF levels experimentally by injecting VEGF gene or protein failed to improve outcomes in human trials in part due to its short half-life and systemic toxicity...
April 10, 2017: Angiogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392885/the-transcription-factor-bach1-suppresses-the-developmental-angiogenesis-of-zebrafish
#12
Li Jiang, Meng Yin, Jie Xu, Mengping Jia, Shaoyang Sun, Xu Wang, Jianyi Zhang, Dan Meng
Bach1 disrupts Wnt/β-catenin signaling, reduces the proliferation, migration, and tube formation activity of endothelial cells (ECs), and suppresses angiogenesis in mice with surgically induced hind-limb ischemia (HLI). However, the function of Bach1 during developmental angiogenesis in zebrafish remains unclear. Here, we found that zebrafish Bach1 was expressed ubiquitously during early embryonic development in zebrafish. Bach1b mRNA injection of Tg(fli1:gfp) fish disrupted intersegmental vessels (ISV) and dorsal longitudinal anastomotic vessels (DLAV) and suppressed endogenous Wnt/β-catenin signaling and Wnt8a stimulated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) gene expression at early embryonic stages of zebrafish...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364777/in-vivo-mri-and-ex-vivo-histological-assessment-of-the-cardioprotection-induced-by-ischemic-preconditioning-postconditioning-and-remote-conditioning-in-a-closed-chest-porcine-model-of-reperfused-acute-myocardial-infarction-importance-of-microvasculature
#13
Tamás Baranyai, Zoltán Giricz, Zoltán V Varga, Gábor Koncsos, Dominika Lukovic, András Makkos, Márta Sárközy, Noémi Pávó, András Jakab, Csilla Czimbalmos, Hajnalka Vágó, Zoltán Ruzsa, Levente Tóth, Rita Garamvölgyi, Béla Merkely, Rainer Schulz, Mariann Gyöngyösi, Péter Ferdinandy
BACKGROUND: Cardioprotective value of ischemic post- (IPostC), remote (RIC) conditioning in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is unclear in clinical trials. To evaluate cardioprotection, most translational animal studies and clinical trials utilize necrotic tissue referred to the area at risk (AAR) by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, determination of AAR by MRI' may not be accurate, since MRI-indices of microvascular damage, i.e., myocardial edema and microvascular obstruction (MVO), may be affected by cardioprotection independently from myocardial necrosis...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351415/role-of-carbonyl-sulfide-in-acute-lung-injury-following-limb-ischemia-reperfusion-in-rats
#14
Yan-Rui Zhao, Wen-Rui Lv, Jun-Lin Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of carbonyl sulfide (COS) on limb ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) and the associated mechanism in rats. METHODS: ALI was induced by bilateral hind limb I/R in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Sixty-four SD rats were randomly divided into the control group, I/R group, I/R + COS group, and I/R + AIR group. We observed the survival rate of the rats and the morphological changes of lung tissues, and we measured the change in the lung coefficient, the expression levels of the intercellular adhesion factor-1 (ICAM-1) protein in lung tissue, the expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-lβ, and interleukin (IL)-6 in both lung tissue and serum, and cell apoptosis...
March 28, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347862/cell-sheet-engineering-using-the-stromal-vascular-fraction-of-adipose-tissue-as-a-vascularization-strategy
#15
Marina Costa, Mariana T Cerqueira, Tírcia C Santos, Belém Sampaio-Marques, Paula Ludovico, Alexandra P Marques, Rogério P Pirraco, Rui L Reis
Current vascularization strategies for Tissue Engineering constructs, in particular cell sheet-based, are limited by time-consuming and expensive endothelial cell isolation and/or by the complexity of using extrinsic growth factors. Herein, we propose an alternative strategy using angiogenic cell sheets (CS) obtained from the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of adipose tissue that can be incorporated into more complex constructs. Cells from the SVF were cultured in normoxic and hypoxic conditions for up to 8days in the absence of extrinsic growth factors...
March 24, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302707/neuropeptide-y3-36-incorporated-into-pvax-nanoparticle-improves-functional-blood-flow-in-a-murine-model-of-hind-limb-ischemia
#16
Derek Eshun, Rabya Saraf, Soochan Bae, Jelliffe Jeganathan, Feroze Mahmood, Serkan Dilmen, Qingen Ke, Dongwon Lee, Peter M Kang, Robina Matyal
We generated a novel nanoparticle called PVAX, which has intrinsic anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory properties. This nanoparticle was loaded with Neuropeptide Y3-36, an angiogenic neuro-hormone that plays a central role in angiogenesis. Subsequently, we investigated whether PVAX-NPY3-36 could act as a therapeutic agent and induce angiogenesis and vascular remodeling in a murine model of hind limb ischemia. Adult C57BL/J6 mice (n=40) were assigned to treatment groups: Control, Ischemia PBS, Ischemia PVAX, Ischemia NPY3-36, and Ischemia PVAX-NPY3-36 Ischemia was induced by ligation of the femoral artery in all groups except Control and given relevant treatments (PBS, PVAX, NPY3-36, and PVAX-NPY3-36)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287126/pet-cell-tracking-using-18-f-flt-is-not-limited-by-local-reuptake-of-free-radiotracer
#17
Mark G MacAskill, Adriana S Tavares, Junxi Wu, Christophe Lucatelli, Joanne C Mountford, Andrew H Baker, David E Newby, Patrick W F Hadoke
Assessing the retention of cell therapies following implantation is vital and often achieved by labelling cells with 2'-[(18)F]-fluoro-2'-deoxy-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG). However, this approach is limited by local retention of cell-effluxed radiotracer. Here, in a preclinical model of critical limb ischemia, we assessed a novel method of cell tracking using 3'-deoxy-3'-L-[(18)F]-fluorothymidine ((18)F-FLT); a clinically available radiotracer which we hypothesise will result in minimal local radiotracer reuptake and allow a more accurate estimation of cell retention...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266625/inhibition-of-phd3-by-salidroside-promotes-neovascularization-through-cell-cell-communications-mediated-by-muscle-secreted-angiogenic-factors
#18
Jing Zhang, Vivi Kasim, Yu-Dan Xie, Can Huang, Julita Sisjayawan, Agnes Dwi Ariyanti, Xue-Song Yan, Xiao-Yan Wu, Cai-Ping Liu, Li Yang, Makoto Miyagishi, Shou-Rong Wu
Therapeutic angiogenesis has been considered as a potential strategy for treating peripheral artery diseases including hind-limb ischemia (HLI); however, no effective drug-based treatment is currently available. Here we showed that intramuscular administration of salidroside, an active compound of Chinese herb Rhodiola, could robustly enhance blood perfusion recovery by promoting neovascularization in HLI mice. We revealed that salidroside promoted skeletal muscle cell migration and paracrine function through inhibiting the transcriptional level of prolyl-hydroxylase domain 3 (PHD3) without affecting PHD1 and PHD2...
March 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261920/remote-physiological-ischemic-training-promotes-coronary-angiogenesis-via-molecular-and-cellular-mobilization-after-myocardial-ischemia
#19
Yu Zheng, Mingyue Xiao, Ling Li, Jianan Li, Jan D Reinhardt, Xiao Lu
AIM: This study was designed to explore the mechanism of physiological ischemic training (PIT) on remote limbs, with a special focus on the potential role of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and nitric oxide (NO) in local ischemic myocardium. METHOD: MI rabbit models were randomly assigned to sham-operated group (SO), training only group (TO), myocardial ischemia group (MI), PIT group, VEGF inhibitor group (VEGF-), NO inhibitor group (NO-), VEGF and NO inhibitor group (VEGF-/NO-), and EPC inhibitor group (EPC-)...
March 6, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258850/angiogenic-characteristics-of-human-stromal-vascular-fraction-in-ischemic-hindlimb
#20
Enze Jin, Dong-Sik Chae, Mina Son, Sung-Whan Kim
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we sought to characterize the angio-vasculogenic property of human adipose tissue-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and to determine the therapeutic potential of SVF in the context of experimental ischemia. Although human SVF is used for cell therapy, its angiogenic and vasculogenic characteristics have not been fully elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted flow cytometry, microarray, quantitative (q)-PCR, Matrigel tube formation assays and in vivo therapeutic assays using an ischemic hind limb mouse model...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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