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Hind limb ischemia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302707/neuropeptide-y3-36-incorporated-into-pvax-nanoparticle-improves-functional-blood-flow-in-a-murine-model-of-hind-limb-ischemia
#1
Derek Eshun, Rabya Saraf, Soochan Bae, Jelliffe Jeganathan, Feroze Mahmood, Serkan Dilmen, Qingen Ke, Dongwon Lee, Peter M Kang, Robina Matyal
We generated a novel nanoparticle called PVAX, which has intrinsic anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory properties. This nanoparticle was loaded with Neuropeptide Y3-36, an angiogenic neuro-hormone that plays a central role in angiogenesis. Subsequently, we investigated whether PVAX-NPY3-36 could act as a therapeutic agent and induce angiogenesis and vascular remodeling in a murine model of hind limb ischemia. Adult C57BL/J6 mice (n=40) were assigned to treatment groups: Control, Ischemia PBS, Ischemia PVAX, Ischemia NPY3-36, and Ischemia PVAX-NPY3-36 Ischemia was induced by ligation of the femoral artery in all groups except Control and given relevant treatments (PBS, PVAX, NPY3-36, and PVAX-NPY3-36)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287126/pet-cell-tracking-using-18-f-flt-is-not-limited-by-local-reuptake-of-free-radiotracer
#2
Mark G MacAskill, Adriana S Tavares, Junxi Wu, Christophe Lucatelli, Joanne C Mountford, Andrew H Baker, David E Newby, Patrick W F Hadoke
Assessing the retention of cell therapies following implantation is vital and often achieved by labelling cells with 2'-[(18)F]-fluoro-2'-deoxy-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG). However, this approach is limited by local retention of cell-effluxed radiotracer. Here, in a preclinical model of critical limb ischemia, we assessed a novel method of cell tracking using 3'-deoxy-3'-L-[(18)F]-fluorothymidine ((18)F-FLT); a clinically available radiotracer which we hypothesise will result in minimal local radiotracer reuptake and allow a more accurate estimation of cell retention...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266625/inhibition-of-phd3-by-salidroside-promotes-neovascularization-through-cell-cell-communications-mediated-by-muscle-secreted-angiogenic-factors
#3
Jing Zhang, Vivi Kasim, Yu-Dan Xie, Can Huang, Julita Sisjayawan, Agnes Dwi Ariyanti, Xue-Song Yan, Xiao-Yan Wu, Cai-Ping Liu, Li Yang, Makoto Miyagishi, Shou-Rong Wu
Therapeutic angiogenesis has been considered as a potential strategy for treating peripheral artery diseases including hind-limb ischemia (HLI); however, no effective drug-based treatment is currently available. Here we showed that intramuscular administration of salidroside, an active compound of Chinese herb Rhodiola, could robustly enhance blood perfusion recovery by promoting neovascularization in HLI mice. We revealed that salidroside promoted skeletal muscle cell migration and paracrine function through inhibiting the transcriptional level of prolyl-hydroxylase domain 3 (PHD3) without affecting PHD1 and PHD2...
March 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261920/remote-physiological-ischemic-training-promotes-coronary-angiogenesis-via-molecular-and-cellular-mobilization-after-myocardial-ischemia
#4
Yu Zheng, Mingyue Xiao, Ling Li, Jianan Li, Jan D Reinhardt, Xiao Lu
AIM: This study was designed to explore the mechanism of physiological ischemic training (PIT) on remote limbs, with a special focus on the potential role of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and nitric oxide (NO) in local ischemic myocardium. METHOD: MI rabbit models were randomly assigned to sham-operated group (SO), training only group (TO), myocardial ischemia group (MI), PIT group, VEGF inhibitor group (VEGF-), NO inhibitor group (NO-), VEGF and NO inhibitor group (VEGF-/NO-), and EPC inhibitor group (EPC-)...
March 6, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258850/angiogenic-characteristics-of-human-stromal-vascular-fraction-in-ischemic-hindlimb
#5
Enze Jin, Dong-Sik Chae, Mina Son, Sung-Whan Kim
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we sought to characterize the angio-vasculogenic property of human adipose tissue-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and to determine the therapeutic potential of SVF in the context of experimental ischemia. Although human SVF is used for cell therapy, its angiogenic and vasculogenic characteristics have not been fully elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted flow cytometry, microarray, quantitative (q)-PCR, Matrigel tube formation assays and in vivo therapeutic assays using an ischemic hind limb mouse model...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216514/diallyl-trisulfide-augments-ischemia-induced-angiogenesis-via-an-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-dependent-mechanism
#6
Ryo Hayashida, Kazuhisa Kondo, Sumio Morita, Kazumasa Unno, Satoshi Shintani, Yuuki Shimizu, John W Calvert, Rei Shibata, Toyoaki Murohara
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) exerts beneficial actions against the development of cardiovascular disease. Diallyl trisulfide (DATS) is an organic polysulfide found in garlic oil that liberates H2S under physiological conditions. This study investigated whether DATS modulates endothelial cell function, as well as revascularization processes in a mouse model of hind-limb ischemia.Methods and Results:Wild-type (WT), endothelial nitric oxide synthase-deficient (eNOS-KO) and Akt1-heterogenic deficient (Akt-Het) mice were subjected to unilateral hindlimb ischemia (HLI)...
February 17, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216347/systemic-application-of-carbon-monoxide-releasing-molecule-3-protects-skeletal-muscle-from-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#7
Aurelia Bihari, Gediminas Cepinskas, Thomas L Forbes, Richard F Potter, Abdel-Rahman Lawendy
OBJECTIVE: Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) is a limb- and life-threatening complication of acute limb ischemia and musculoskeletal trauma. Carbon monoxide-releasing molecules (CORMs) have recently been shown to protect microvascular perfusion and to reduce inflammation and injury in various ischemic animal models. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of water-soluble CORM-3 on the extent of IR-induced muscle injury. METHODS: Wistar rats were randomized into three groups: sham (no ischemia), IR + CORM-3 (10 mg/kg intraperitoneally), and IR + inactive CORM-3 (iCORM-3; 10 mg/kg intraperitoneally)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210050/a-study-of-the-relationships-of-changes-in-pain-and-gait-after-tourniquet-induced-ischemia-reperfusion-in-rats
#8
Kazuki Aihara, Takeya Ono, Namiko Umei, Wakako Tsumiyama, Atsushi Tasaka, Hideki Ishikura, Yuta Sato, Tomohiro Matsumoto, Sadaaki Oki
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships of changes in pain and gait after ischemia reperfusion was induced by tourniquet in rats. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were six ten-week-old male Wistar rats. Ischemia was induced in the left lower limbs of the experimental rats at a pressure of 300 mmHg for 90 minutes. Pain behavior evaluations were measured using the von Frey test in all the rats' hind limbs. A consistently increasing plantar stimulus was applied until the rats exhibited an escape behavior...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207177/quaking-is-a-key-regulator-of-endothelial-cell-differentiation-neovascularization-and-angiogenesis
#9
Amy Cochrane, Sophia Kelaini, Marianna Tsifaki, James Bojdo, Marta Vilà-González, Daiana Drehmer, Rachel Caines, Corey Magee, Magdalini Eleftheriadou, Yanhua Hu, David Grieve, Alan W Stitt, Lingfang Zeng, Qingbo Xu, Andriana Margariti
The capability to derive endothelial cell (ECs) from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) holds huge therapeutic potential for cardiovascular disease. This study elucidates the precise role of the RNA-binding protein Quaking isoform 5 (QKI-5) during EC differentiation from both mouse and human iPSCs (hiPSCs) and dissects how RNA-binding proteins can improve differentiation efficiency toward cell therapy for important vascular diseases. iPSCs represent an attractive cellular approach for regenerative medicine today as they can be used to generate patient-specific therapeutic cells toward autologous cell therapy...
February 16, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194544/exploring-the-role-of-trpv-and-cgrp-in-adenosine-preconditioning-and-remote-hind-limb-preconditioning-induced-cardioprotection-in-rats
#10
Amritpal Singh, Puneet Kaur Randhawa, Anjana Bali, Nirmal Singh, Amteshwar Singh Jaggi
The cardioprotective effects of remote hind limb preconditioning (RIPC) are well known, but mechanisms by which protection occurs still remain to be explored. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the role of TRPV and CGRP in adenosine and remote preconditioning-induced cardioprotection, using sumatriptan, a CGRP release inhibitor and ruthenium red, a TRPV inhibitor, in rats. For remote preconditioning, a pressure cuff was tied around the hind limb of the rat and was inflated with air up to 150 mmHg to produce ischemia in the hind limb and during reperfusion pressure was released...
February 14, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188848/electroacupuncture-preconditioning-and-postconditioning-inhibit-apoptosis-and-neuroinflammation-induced-by-spinal-cord-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-enhancing-autophagy-in-rats
#11
Bo Fang, Meiman Qin, Yun Li, Xiaoqian Li, Wenfei Tan, Ying Zhang, Hong Ma
Electroacupuncture (EA) has beneficial effects on spinal cord ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate the role of autophagy in the protection of EA preconditioning and postconditioning against spinal cord I/R injury. For this, spinal cord I/R injury was induced by 14min occlusion of the aortic arch, and rats were treated with EA for 20min before or after the surgery. The expression of autophagy components, light chain 3 and Beclin 1, was assessed by Western blot...
March 6, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167285/nanoparticular-delivery-system-for-a-secretoneurin-derivative-induces-angiogenesis-in-a-hind-limb-ischemia-model
#12
Karin Albrecht-Schgoer, Jan Barthelmes, Wilfried Schgoer, Markus Theurl, Isabelle Nardin, Daniela Lener, Clemens Gutmann, Sarah Dünnhaupt, Andreas Bernkop-Schnürch, Rudolf Kirchmair
Common therapeutic strategies for peripheral arterial disease often fail to re-establish sufficient blood flow within legs and feet of patients for avoiding critical limb ischemia, what is characterized by a substantial risk for amputation. The neuropeptide secretoneurin induces angiogenesis in models of limb and myocardial ischemia and might be a promising tool in the treatment of patients without the option of revascularization therapy for severe ischemia. Within this manuscript, the biologically active part of secretoneurin was identified, modified by induction of a cysteine residue to gain higher stability against enzymatic degradation and further packed into S-protected thiolated chitosan nanoparticles, which enable intra-muscular application of secretoneurin...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163177/venous-shunt-versus-venous-ligation-for-vascular-damage-control-the-immunohistochemical-evidence
#13
Adenauer Marinho de Oliveira Góes Junior, Simone de Campos Vieira Abib, Maria Teresa de Seixas Alves, Paulo Sérgio Venerando da Silva Ferreira, Mariseth Carvalho de Andrade
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the expression of immunohistochemical markers of tissue ischemia (iNOS, eNOS, and HSP70) in a vascular damage control experimental model to determine if a venous temporary vascular shunt insertion leads to a better limb perfusion when compared with the ligature of the injured vein. METHODS: Experimental study in male Sus Scrofa weighting 40 Kg. Animals were distributed into 5 groups: group 1 animals were submitted to right external iliac artery (EIA) shunting and right external iliac vein (EIV) ligation; group 2 animals were submitted to right EIA shunting and right EIV shunting; group 3 animals were submitted to right EIV ligation; group 4 animals were submitted to right EIV shunting; group 5 animals were not submitted to vascular shunting or venous ligation...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128066/beneficial-effects-of-sildenafil-on-tissue-perfusion-and-inflammation-in-a-murine-model-of-limb-ischemia-and-atherosclerosis
#14
Aggeliki Valatsou, Alexandros Briasoulis, Georgia Vogiatzi, Alsistis Pantopoulou, Evangelos Oikonomou, Antigoni Miliou, Despina Perrea, Dimitris Tousoulis
BACKGROUND: Sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor, has endothelium protective and angiogenic effects. OBJECTIVES: To test if sildenafil improves tissue perfusion and neovascularization and downregulates pro-inflammatory molecules following limb ischemia. METHODS: 30 ApoE-/- male mice, bred with cholesterol rich diet for 4 weeks, were anesthetized and underwent unilateral hind-limb ischemia with ligation of the left femoral artery...
January 26, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109110/-effects-of-polyethylene-oxide-on-blood-perfusion-in-the-hind-limbs-of-rats-with-chronic-hindlimb-ischemia
#15
De-Zhong Zheng, Tao Zhou, Dao-Gang Zha
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of polyethylene oxide (PEO) on blood perfusion in hind limb skeletal muscles in a rat model of chronic hind limb ischemia. METHDOS: Twelve rat models of chronic hind limb ischemia established by unilateral femoral artery ligation were randomized into PEO and control groups (n=6) and treated with intravenous infusion of PEO and saline through the internal jugular vein every other day for 2 weeks. Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography was performed after the treatments to evaluate the blood flow in the skeletal muscles at different time points and blood flow reserve in the ischemic hind limbs on day 28...
January 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095625/potentiation-of-biological-effects-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-ischemic-conditions-by-melatonin-via-upregulation-of-cellular-prion-protein-expression
#16
Jun Hee Lee, Yong-Seok Han, Sang Hun Lee
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are promising candidates for stem cell-based therapy in ischemic diseases. However, ischemic injury induces pathophysiological conditions, such as oxidative stress and inflammation, which diminish therapeutic efficacy of MSC-based therapy by reducing survival and functionality of transplanted MSCs. To overcome this problem, we explored the effects of melatonin on the proliferation, resistance to oxidative stress, and immunomodulatory properties of MSCs. Treatment with melatonin enhanced MSC proliferation and self-renewal via upregulation of cellular prion protein (PrP(C) ) expression...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053524/dynamic-imaging-of-allogeneic-adipose-derived-regenerative-cells-transplanted-in-ischemic-hind-limb-of-apolipoprotein-e-mouse-model
#17
Yi Zheng, Jinbao Qin, Xin Wang, Zhiyou Peng, Peiyong Hou, Xinwu Lu
BACKGROUND: Transplantation of allogeneic adipose-derived regenerative cells (ADRCs) is a promising treatment modality for severe ischemic diseases. However, minimal information is available on the in vivo effects, fate, and migration of ADRCs, as well as the mechanisms of their therapeutic angiogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, green fluorescent protein-expressing ADRCs (GFP-ADRCs) were obtained, labeled with acetylated 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APTS)-coated iron oxide nanoparticles (APTS NPs), and injected into an old apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE-KO) mouse model with hind limb ischemia...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042553/remote-ischemic-preconditioning-enhances-the-expression-of-genes-encoding-antioxidant-enzymes-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-related-proteins-in-rat-skeletal-muscle
#18
Ui Jun Park, Hyoung Tae Kim, Won Hyun Cho, Jae Hyoung Park, Hye Ra Jung, Min Young Kim
PURPOSE: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC), including remote IPC (rIPC) and direct IPC (dIPC), is a promising method to decrease ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. This study tested the effect of both rIPC and dIPC on the genes for antioxidant enzymes and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-related proteins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty rats were randomly divided into the control and study groups. In the control group (n=10), the right hind limb was sham-operated. The left hind limb (IscR) of the control group underwent IR injury without IPC...
December 2016: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024849/diminished-force-production-and-mitochondrial-respiratory-deficits-are-strain-dependent-myopathies-of-subacute-limb-ischemia
#19
Cameron A Schmidt, Terence E Ryan, Chien-Te Lin, Melissa M R Inigo, Tom D Green, Jeffrey J Brault, Espen E Spangenburg, Joseph M McClung
OBJECTIVE: Reduced skeletal muscle mitochondrial function might be a contributing mechanism to the myopathy and activity based limitations that typically plague patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). We hypothesized that mitochondrial dysfunction, myofiber atrophy, and muscle contractile deficits are inherently determined by the genetic background of regenerating ischemic mouse skeletal muscle, similar to how patient genetics affect the distribution of disease severity with clinical PAD...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017783/anti-apoptotic-and-angiogenic-effects-of-intelectin-1-in-rat-cerebral-ischemia
#20
Naibing Gu, Yaru Dong, Ye Tian, Zhengli Di, Zhiqin Liu, Mingze Chang, Xiaotao Jia, Yihua Qian, Weiping Zhang
Ischemic stroke is an acute life-threatening disease, which causes neurological dysfunction. The formation of new blood vessels around the infarct is vital to the restoration of perfusion and healing of brain tissue. Studies have shown that intelectin-1 (omentin) promotes endothelial cell function and angiogenesis in response to ischemia and inhibits apoptosis in rats with unilateral hind limb surgery. In the present study, we investigated the neuroprotective role of intelectin-1 following focal cerebral ischemia...
December 23, 2016: Brain Research Bulletin
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