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Hind limb ischemia

Hao Li, Yiteng Liao, Lei Gao, Tao Zhuang, Zheyong Huang, Hongming Zhu, Junbo Ge
Rationale: Angiogenesis is a crucial step towards tissue repair and regeneration after ischemia. The role of circulating exosomes in angiogenic signal transduction has not been well elucidated. Thus, this study aims to investigate the effects of coronary serum exosomes from patients with myocardial ischemia on angiogenesis and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Methods and Results: The patients were enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Coronary blood was obtained from the angiography catheter...
2018: Theranostics
Hebe Agustina Mena, Paula Romina Zubiry, Blandine Dizier, Mirta Schattner, Catherine Boisson-Vidal, Soledad Negrotto
BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated that acidic preconditioning of human endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFC) increased proliferation, migration, and tubulogenesis in vitro, and increased their regenerative potential in a murine model of hind limb ischemia without baseline disease. We now analyze whether this strategy is also effective under adverse conditions for vasculogenesis, such as the presence of ischemia-related toxic molecules or diabetes, one of the main target diseases for cell therapy due to their well-known healing impairments...
May 2, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Yuzhu Ye, Yuanlu Shan, Caiying Bao, Yi Hu, Liangrong Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ginsenoside Rg1 is regarded as the primary bioactive ingredient in Panax notoginseng that has been well recognized for its protective effects against ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury. However, the mechanisms still remain elusive. Our study aims to investigate the effects of Rg1 against lung injury induced by hind-limb IR in rats. METHODS: Twenty-four Sprague Dawley rats were randomly submitted to sham operation (SM group), hind-limb IR (IR group), hind-limb IR + Rg1 (Rg1 group), and hind-limb IR + Pro-DTC group (PD group)...
April 27, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Rouven Berndt, Lars Hummitzsch, Katharina Heß, Martin Albrecht, Karina Zitta, Rene Rusch, Beke Sarras, Andreas Bayer, Jochen Cremer, Fred Faendrich, Justus Groß
BACKROUND: Employing growth factor-induced partial reprogramming in vitro, peripheral human blood monocytes can acquire a state of plasticity along with expression of various markers of pluripotency. These so-called programmable cells of monocytic origin (PCMO) hold great promise in regenerative therapies. The aim of this translational study was to explore and exploit the functional properties of PCMO for allogeneic cell transplantation therapy in critical limb ischemia (CLI). METHODS: Using our previously described differentiation protocol, murine and human monocytes were differentiated into PCMO...
April 27, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Yan Zhang, Chengzhi Li, Hong Zhang, Wanghai Li, Jinwei Li, Xiaobai Wang
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This paper describes an ongoing investigation of imaging and characterization of ischemia-reperfusion (IR) and investigated the use of color-coded digital subtraction angiography (DSA) to assess reperfusion injury or potential injury. METHODS: New Zealand white rabbits were subjected to right hindlimb ischemia (IR, n = 24) or sham operation (control, n = 6). After 3 hours, the IR rabbits underwent reperfusion and were assessed at 0, 6, 12, or 24 hours (n = 6 each)...
April 23, 2018: Academic Radiology
Nan Zhang, Haiyan Liu, Yan Qu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the phenomenon of apoptosis and expression of related proteins in injured muscle tissue during the formation of pressure injury, and to explore its mechanism of action on the pressure injury. METHODS: Forty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into normal control group, 3, 5, 7 and 9 compression groups according to the random number table, with 8 rats in each group. The pressure injury models on the gracilis muscle of hind limbs were reproduced by using a way of cycle compression of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) magnet...
April 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Younggeul Min, Seongho Han, Hyun Aae Ryu, Sung-Whan Kim
Aims: In present study, we sought to characterize the angio-vasculogenic property of human adipose mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) overexpressing dual chemokine GCP-2 and SDF-1α (ASC-G/S) and to determine the therapeutic potential of ASC-G/S in the context of experimental ischemia. Methods and results: We generated ASC-G/S line and performed flow cytometry, quantitative (q)-PCR, Matrigel tube formation, Matrigel plug assays and in vivo therapeutic assays using hind limb ischemia mouse model...
April 5, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
K H Simons, Z Aref, H A B Peters, S P Welten, A Y Nossent, J W Jukema, J F Hamming, R Arens, M R de Vries, P H A Quax
BACKGROUND: T cells have a distinctive role in neovascularization, which consists of arteriogenesis and angiogenesis under pathological conditions and vasculogenesis under physiological conditions. However, the role of co-stimulation in T cell activation in neovascularization has yet to be established. The aim of this study was to investigate the role T cell co-stimulation and inhibition in angiogenesis, arteriogenesis and vasculogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Hind limb ischemia was induced by double ligation of the left femoral artery in mice and blood flow recovery was measured with Laser Doppler Perfusion Imaging in control, CD70-/- , CD80/86-/- , CD70/80/86-/- and CTLA4+/- mice...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Jing Cai, Yu Jiang, Meng Zhang, Hongting Zhao, Huihui Li, Kuanyu Li, Xin Zhang, Tong Qiao
Hind limb ischemia-reperfusion injury is an important pathology in vascular surgery. Reactive oxygen species are thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of hind limb ischemia-reperfusion injury. SS-31, which belongs to a family of mitochondrion-targeted peptide antioxidants, was shown to reduce mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production. In this study, we investigated whether the treatment of SS-31 could protect hind limb from ischemia-reperfusion injury in a mouse model. The results showed that SS-31 treatment either before or after ischemia exhibited similar protective effects...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Jung-Hee Ryu, Jin-Woo Park, Jin-Young Hwang, Seong-Joo Park, Jin-Hee Kim, Hye-Min Sohn, Sung Hee Han
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord ischemic injury remains a serious complication of open surgical and endovascular aortic procedures. Simvastatin has been reported to be associated with neuroprotective effect after spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. The aim of this study was to determine the therapeutic efficacy of starting simvastatin after spinal cord IR injury in a rat model. METHODS: In adult Sprague-Dawley rats, spinal cord ischemia was induced using a balloon-tipped catheter placed in the descending thoracic aorta...
March 27, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
Yuichiro Arima, Seiji Hokimoto, Noriaki Tabata, Osamu Nakagawa, Asahi Oshima, Yosuke Matsumoto, Takahiro Sato, Toshifumi Mukunoki, Jun Otani, Masanobu Ishii, Michie Uchikawa, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Koichi Kaikita, Hisao Ogawa, Koichi Nishiyama, Kenichi Tsujita
BACKGROUND: Collateral arteries provide an alternative blood supply and protect tissues from ischemic damage in patients with peripheral artery disease. However, the mechanism of collateral artery development is difficult to validate. METHODS AND RESULTS: Collateral arteries were visualized using micro-x-ray computed tomography. Developmental characteristics were assessed using confocal microscopy. We conducted a single-center, retrospective, observational study and assessed the dilatation of collateral arteries on ischemic sides...
March 23, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Xavier de la Rosa, Paul C Norris, Nan Chiang, Ana R Rodriguez, Bernd W Spur, Charles N Serhan
Resolvin conjugates in tissue regeneration (RCTRs) are new chemical signals that accelerate resolution of inflammation, infection, and tissue regeneration. Herein, using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based metabololipidomics, we identified RCTRs in human spleen, lymph node, bone marrow, and brain. In human spleen incubated with Staphylococcus aureus, endogenous RCTRs were increased along with conversion of deuterium-labeled docosahexaenoic acid, conferring pathway activation. Physical and biological properties of endogenous RCTRs were matched with those prepared by total organic synthesis...
April 2018: American Journal of Pathology
Hanne Laakso, Galina Wirth, Petra Korpisalo, Elias Ylä-Herttuala, Shalom Michaeli, Seppo Ylä-Herttuala, Timo Liimatainen
The identification of areas with regenerative potential in ischemic tissues would allow the targeting of treatments supporting tissue recovery. The regeneration process involves the activation of several cellular and molecular responses which could be detected using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, to date, magnetic resonance (MR) relaxation parameters have received little attention in the diagnosis and follow-up of limb ischemia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of different MRI relaxation and diffusion tensor imaging parameters in the detection of areas showing early signs of regeneration in ischemic mouse skeletal muscles...
March 23, 2018: NMR in Biomedicine
Liyuan Chen, Lin Wang, Yongjie Li, Liqun Wuang, Yaofang Liu, Ningbo Pang, Yulin Luo, Jing He, Liping Zhang, Ni Chen, Rong Li, Jianbo Wu
Background: Fat deposition is associated with peripheral arterial disease. Adipose tissue has recently been implicated in vascular remodeling and angiogenic activity. We hypothesized that the transplantation of adipose tissues from normal mice improves blood flow perfusion and neovascularization in high-fat diet fed mice. Methods: After 14 weeks of high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice, unilateral hind limb ischemia was performed. Subcutaneous white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT) fat pads were harvested from normal EGFP mice, and subcutaneously transplanted over the region of the adductor muscles of HFD mice...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Yun Wang, Qing-Jiang Pang, Jiang-Tao Liu, Hai-Hao Wu, Dong-Ying Tao
MicroRNAs play a crucial role in the progression of spinal cord ischemia/reperfusion injury (SCII). The role of miR-448 and SIRT1 in SCII was investigated in this study, to provide further insights into prevention and improvement of this disorder. In this study, expressions of miR-448 and SIRT1 protein were determined by qRT-PCR and western blot, respectively. Flow cytometry was used to analyze cell apoptosis. The endogenous expression of genes was modulated by recombinant plasmids and cell transfection. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to determine the interaction between miR-448 and SIRT1...
March 15, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Hiroshi Chadani, Soichiro Usui, Oto Inoue, Takashi Kusayama, Shin-Ichiro Takashima, Takeshi Kato, Hisayoshi Murai, Hiroshi Furusho, Ayano Nomura, Hirofumi Misu, Toshinari Takamura, Shuichi Kaneko, Masayuki Takamura
Selenoprotein P (SeP), a liver-derived secretory protein, functions as a selenium supply protein in the body. SeP has been reported to be associated with insulin resistance in humans through serial analysis of gene expression. Recently, SeP has been found to inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor-stimulated cell proliferation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, and impair angiogenesis in a mouse hind limb model. In this study, the role of SeP in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury has been investigated...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Tatyana Merkulova-Rainon, Chris S Mantsounga, Dong Broquères-You, Cristina Pinto, José Vilar, Diana Cifuentes, Philippe Bonnin, Nathalie Kubis, Daniel Henrion, Jean-Sébastien Silvestre, Bernard I Lévy
The pathophysiology of sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains uncertain. Along with brain amyloid-β (Aβ) deposits and neurofibrillary tangles, cerebrovascular dysfunction is increasingly recognized as fundamental to the pathogenesis of AD. Using an experimental model of limb ischemia in transgenic APPPS1 mice, a model of AD (AD mice), we showed that microvascular impairment also extends to the peripheral vasculature in AD. At D70 following femoral ligation, we evidenced a significant decrease in cutaneous blood flow (- 29%, P < 0...
March 7, 2018: Angiogenesis
Jun Yu, Alan Dardik
Therapeutic angiogenesis offers promise as a novel treatment that is complementary to surgical or endovascular procedures for peripheral arterial diseases (PAD). Appropriate development and use of hind limb ischemia models is necessary for successful studies of therapeutic angiogenesis and/or arteriogenesis. In this chapter, we describe two commonly used murine unilateral hind limb ischemia models, the femoral artery transection model and the femoral/saphenous artery excision model.
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Yanbo Fan, Haocheng Lu, Wenying Liang, Minerva T Garcia-Barrio, Yanhong Guo, Ji Zhang, Tianqing Zhu, Yibai Hao, Jifeng Zhang, Y Eugene Chen
RATIONALE: Postischemic angiogenesis is critical to limit the ischemic tissue damage and improve the blood flow recovery. The regulation and the underlying molecular mechanisms of postischemic angiogenesis are not fully unraveled. TFEB (transcription factor EB) is emerging as a master gene for autophagy and lysosome biogenesis. However, the role of TFEB in vascular disease is less understood. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the role of endothelial TFEB in postischemic angiogenesis and its underlying molecular mechanism...
March 30, 2018: Circulation Research
Ruixiang Li, Jianming Liang, Yuwei He, Jing Qin, Huining He, Seungjin Lee, Zhiqing Pang, Jianxin Wang
The outcome of scaffold-based stem cell transplantation remains unsatisfied due to the poor survival of transplanted cells. One of the major hurdles associated with the stem cell survival is the immune rejection, which can be effectively reduced by the use of immunosuppressant. However, ideal localized and sustained release of immunosuppressant is difficult to be realized, because it is arduous to hold the drug delivery system within scaffold for a long period of time. In the present study, the sustained release of immunosuppressant for the purpose of improving the survival of stem cells was successfully realized by a nanoparticle-anchoring hydrogel scaffold we developed...
2018: Theranostics
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