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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923181/centenarians-in-europe
#1
Laetitia Teixeira, Lia Araújo, Daniela Jopp, Oscar Ribeiro
OBJECTIVES: The group of individuals aged 80 and over is growing faster than other segments of the population, and within this group the number of centenarians has risen exponentially worldwide. This paper reports the numbers of centenarians (total, and ratio relative to total population) in 32 European countries and their key characteristics: gender distribution, level of education, and type of residence. STUDY DESIGN: Population based study. MEASURES: We used national census data collected in 2011 for individuals aged 100 and over living in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899329/cataract-surgery-coverage-rates-for-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-australians-the-national-eye-health-survey
#2
Joshua Foreman, Jing Xie, Stuart Keel, Peter van Wijngaarden, Jonathan Crowston, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
OBJECTIVE: To determine cataract surgery coverage rates for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. DESIGN: National cross-sectional population-based survey. SETTING: Thirty randomly selected Australian geographic sites, stratified by remoteness. PARTICIPANTS: 3098 non-Indigenous Australians aged 50 years or more and 1738 Indigenous Australians aged 40 years or more, recruited and examined in the National Eye Health Survey (NEHS) between March 2015 and April 2016...
September 18, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898613/functional-sensorial-mobility-and-communication-difficulties-in-the-portuguese-oldest-old-80
#3
Daniela Brandão, Óscar Ribeiro, Constança Paúl
INTRODUCTION: The ageing of populations is evident in most developed countries, and the oldest old group is one of the segments with the fastest growing. The aim of this paper is to examine sociodemographic and health related characteristics of the portuguese oldest old, using a census-based approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive study considering all residents aged 80 years and older at the time of the 2011 Census (n = 532 219) was conducted. Information on sociodemographic characteristics, sensory functions (seeing, hearing), functional status (walking/climbing stairs, bathing/dressing alone), cognition (memory/concentration), and communication (understanding others/being understood) as assessed by the Portuguese census official questionnaires were analyzed...
June 30, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893850/age-legislation-and-off-road-vehicle-injuries-in-children
#4
Michael R Flaherty, Toby Raybould, Cassandra M Kelleher, Raghu Seethala, Jarone Lee, Haytham M A Kaafarani, Peter T Masiakos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In 2010, the Massachusetts Legislature passed a comprehensive law that restricted off-road vehicle (ORV) use by children <14 years old and regulated ORV use by children up to the age of 18 years. We aimed to examine the impact of the 2010 Massachusetts law on the rates of ORV-related injuries. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of Massachusetts emergency department (ED) and inpatient discharges between 2002 and 2013 as found in the Center for Health Information and Analysis database by using external causes of injury codes specific to ORV-related injuries...
September 11, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892450/2015-pandemic-influenza-readiness-assessment-among-us-public-health-emergency-preparedness-awardees
#5
Thomas J Fitzgerald, Danielle L Moulia, Samuel B Graitcer, Sara J Vagi, Stephanie A Dopson
OBJECTIVES: To assess how US Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) awardees plan to respond to an influenza pandemic with vaccination. METHODS: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention developed the Pandemic Influenza Readiness Assessment, an online survey sent to PHEP directors, to analyze, in part, the readiness of PHEP awardees to vaccinate 80% of the populations of their jurisdictions with 2 doses of pandemic influenza vaccine, separated by 21 days, within 16 weeks of vaccine availability...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892437/public-health-system-research-in-public-health-emergency-preparedness-in-the-united-states-2009-2015-actionable-knowledge-base
#6
REVIEW
Elena Savoia, Leesa Lin, Dottie Bernard, Noah Klein, Lyndon P James, Stefano Guicciardi
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Institute of Medicine released a letter report identifying 4 research priority areas for public health emergency preparedness in public health system research: (1) enhancing the usefulness of training, (2) improving timely emergency communications, (3) creating and maintaining sustainable response systems, and (4) generating effectiveness criteria and metrics. OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify and characterize public health system research in public health emergency preparedness produced in the United States from 2009 to 2015, (2) synthesize research findings and assess the level of confidence in these findings, and (3) describe the evolution of knowledge production in public health emergency preparedness system research...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888729/easy-going-rational-susceptible-and-struggling-eaters-a-segmentation-study-based-on-eating-behaviour-tendencies
#7
Saara Pentikäinen, Anne Arvola, Leila Karhunen, Kyösti Pennanen
Eating behaviour tendencies, emotional eating (EE), uncontrolled eating (UE) and cognitive restraint (CR), are associated with various indicators of physical and mental health. Therefore, it is important to understand these tendencies in order to design interventions to improve health. Previous research has mostly examined eating behaviour tendencies individually, without considering typical combinations of these tendencies or their manifestation in well-being and food choices. This study aimed to understand the interactive occurrence of EE, UE and CR in two independent populations...
September 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886257/prevalence-and-causes-of-visual-impairment-in-fundong-district-north-west-cameroon-results-of-a-population-based-survey
#8
Joseph Oye, Islay Mactaggart, Sarah Polack, Elena Schmidt, Violet Tamo, Marvice Okwen, Hannah Kuper
PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in Fundong Health District, North West Cameroon. METHODS: A total of 51 clusters of 80 people (all ages) were sampled with probability proportionate to size and compact segment sampling. Visual acuity (VA) was measured with a tumbling "E" chart. An ophthalmic nurse examined people with VA<6/18 in either eye. The presence of hearing and physical impairments were assessed using clinical examination, and self-reported visual problems using the Washington Group Short Set...
September 8, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881434/prevalence-and-causes-of-musculoskeletal-impairment-in-fundong-district-north-west-cameroon-results-of-a-population-based-survey
#9
Tracey Smythe, Islay Mactaggart, Hannah Kuper, Joseph Oye, Nana Christopher Sieyen, Christopher Lavy, Sarah Polack
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological data on musculoskeletal conditions such as degenerative joint diseases and bone fractures are lacking in low- and middle-income countries. This survey aimed to estimate the prevalence and causes of musculoskeletal impairment in Fundong Health District, North-West Cameroon. METHODS: Fifty-one clusters of 80 people (all ages) were selected using probability proportionate to size sampling. Households within clusters were selected by compact segment sampling...
September 7, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880103/close-social-ties-and-health-in-later-life-strengths-and-vulnerabilities
#10
Karen S Rook, Susan T Charles
The world is aging at an unprecedented rate, with older adults representing the fastest-growing segment of the population in most economically developed and developing countries. This demographic shift leaves much uncharted territory for researchers who study social relationships and health. Social relationships exert powerful influences on physical health in later adulthood, a critical consideration given age-related increases in the prevalence of chronic health conditions and physical disability. A large body of research indicates that older adults report greater satisfaction with their social networks than do younger adults, and that they often take measures to minimize their exposure to negative social encounters...
September 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869875/ultrastructure-and-morphometric-features-of-epididymal-epithelium-in-desmodus-rotundus
#11
Mariana Moraes de Castro, Wagner Gonzaga Gonçalves, Stéphanie Asséf Millen Valente Teixeira, Maria do Carmo Queiroz Fialho, Felipe Couto Santos, Jerusa Maria Oliveira, José Eduardo Serrão, Mariana Machado-Neves
The blood-feeding behavior of Desmodus rotundus made this bat a potential vector of rabies virus and a public health issue. Consequently, the better understanding of its reproductive biology becomes valuable for the development of methods to control its population. In this study, we described morphological aspects of epithelial cells in D. rotundus' epididymis using light and transmission electron microscopy methods. The duct compartment was the main component of initial segment (83%), caput (90%), corpus (88%) and cauda (80%) regions...
August 26, 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869212/increased-mental-health-treatment-financing-community-based-organization-s-treatment-programs-and-latino-white-children-s-financing-disparities
#12
Lonnie R Snowden, Neal Wallace, Kate Cordell, Genevieve Graaf
BACKGROUND: Latino child populations are large and growing, and they present considerable unmet need for mental health treatment. Poverty, lack of health insurance, limited English proficiency, stigma, undocumented status, and inhospitable programming are among many factors that contribute to Latino-White mental health treatment disparities. Lower treatment expenditures serve as an important marker of Latino children's low rates of mental health treatment and limited participation once enrolled in services...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865492/pathobiology-of-the-129-stat1-mouse-model-of-human-age-related-er-positive-breast-cancer-with-an-immune-infiltrate-excluded-phenotype
#13
Hidetoshi Mori, Jane Q Chen, Robert D Cardiff, Zsófia Pénzváltó, Neil E Hubbard, Louis Schuetter, Russell C Hovey, Josephine F Trott, Alexander D Borowsky
BACKGROUND: Stat1 gene-targeted knockout mice (129S6/SvEvTac-Stat1 (tm1Rds)) develop estrogen receptor-positive (ER(+)), luminal-type mammary carcinomas at an advanced age. There is evidence for both host environment as well as tumor cell-intrinsic mechanisms to initiate tumorigenesis in this model. In this report, we summarize details of the systemic and mammary pathology at preneoplastic and tumor-bearing time points. In addition, we investigate tumor progression in the 129:Stat1 (-/-) host compared with wild-type 129/SvEv, and we describe the immune cell reaction to the tumors...
September 2, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854934/social-vulnerability-and-factors-associated-with-oral-impact-on-daily-performance-among-adolescents
#14
Inara Pereira da Cunha, Antônio Carlos Pereira, Antônio Carlos Frias, Vladen Vieira, Marcelo de Castro Meneghim, Marília Jesus Batista, Karine Laura Cortellazzi, Jaqueline Vilela Bulgareli
BACKGROUND: Oral disorders may negatively affect the quality of life (QoL) of adolescents. To investigate how social vulnerability and oral-health status factors affect QoL in 15-19 years olds who participated in the "SB São Paulo 2015" state survey. METHODS: The relationship of several independent variables, namely Paulista Social Vulnerability Index (PSVI) score, gender, skin color, family income, age, untreated caries, tooth loss [determined by the Decayed, Missing, Filled-Teeth (DMF-T) index], toothache, periodontal condition [determined by the Community Periodontal Index (CPI)], and malocclusion (maxillary overjet, cross bite, or open bite) affect daily life, measured by the Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) instrument...
August 30, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845354/identifying-and-coordinating-care-for-complex-patients-findings-from-the-leading-edge-of-analytics-and-health-information-technology
#15
Robert S Rudin, Courtney A Gidengil, Zachary Predmore, Eric C Schneider, James Sorace, Rachel Hornstein
In the United States, a relatively small proportion of complex patients---defined as having multiple comorbidities, high risk for poor outcomes, and high cost---incur most of the nation's health care costs. Improved care coordination and management of complex patients could reduce costs while increasing quality of care. However, care coordination efforts face multiple challenges, such as segmenting populations of complex patients to better match their needs with the design of specific interventions, understanding how to reduce spending, and integrating care coordination programs into providers' care delivery processes...
June 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845072/searching-for-the-family-legal-status-of-mexican-origin-children-a-primer-on-different-measurement-strategies
#16
R S Oropesa, Nancy S Landale, Marianne M Hillemeier
Interest in the consequences of family legal status for children has grown in response to immigration-related changes in the ethnic composition of American society. However, few population-based empirical studies devote attention to family legal status due to data limitations. Using restricted data from the California Health Interview Survey (2009), the primary objectives of this research are to identify and evaluate strategies for measuring this important determinant of life chances among Mexican-origin children...
April 2017: Journal of Family Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832290/sexual-and-reproductive-health-outcomes-among-female-sex-workers-in-johannesburg-and-pretoria-south-africa-recommendations-for-public-health-programmes
#17
Mariette Slabbert, Francois Venter, Cynthia Gay, Corine Roelofsen, Samanta Lalla-Edward, Helen Rees
BACKGROUND: The sexual and reproductive health (SRH) status of female sex workers is influenced by a wide range of demographic, behavioural and structural factors. These factors vary considerably across and even within settings. Adopting an overly standardised approach to sex worker programmes may compromise its impact on some sub-groups in local areas. METHODS: Records of female sex workers attending clinic-, community-, or hotel-based health services in Johannesburg (n = 1422 women) and Pretoria (n = 408 women), South Africa were analysed...
July 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830580/antibiotic-associated-manipulation-of-the-gut-microbiota-and-phenotypic-restoration-in-nod-mice
#18
James R Fahey, Bonnie L Lyons, Haiyan L Olekszak, Anthony J Mourino, Jeremy J Ratiu, Jeremy J Racine, Harold D Chapman, David V Serreze, Dina L Baker, N Ken Hendrix
Segmented filamentous bacterium (SFB) a gram-positive, anaerobic, and intestinal commensal organism directly influences the development of Th17 helper cells in the small intestine of mice. In NOD mice, SFB colonization interferes with the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D), a T-cell-mediated autoimmune disease, suggesting that SFB may influence Th17 cells to inhibit Th1 populations associated with the anti-β-cell immune response. This effect is a serious concern for investigators who use NOD mice for diabetes research because the expected incidence of disease decreases markedly when they are colonized by SFB...
August 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821893/benefits-of-population-segmentation-analysis-for-developing-health-policy-to-promote-patient-centred-care
#19
Jia Loon Chong, David B Matchar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814512/zoonotic-risk-pathogenesis-and-transmission-of-avian-origin-h3n2-canine-influenza-virus
#20
Hailiang Sun, Sherry Blackmon, Guohua Yang, Kaitlyn Waters, Tao Li, Ratanaporn Tangwangvivat, Yifei Xu, Daniel Shyu, Feng Wen, Jim Cooley, Lucy Senter, Xiaoxu Lin, Richard Jarman, Larry Hanson, Richard Webby, Xiu-Feng Wan
Two subtypes of influenza A virus (IAV), avian-origin canine influenza virus H3N2 (CIV-H3N2) and equine-origin CIV-H3N8, are enzootic in the canine population. Dogs have demonstrated seroconversion to diverse IAVs and naturally occurring reassortants of CIV-H3N2 and the 2009 H1N1 pandemic virus (pdmH1N1) have been isolated. We conducted a thorough phenotypic evaluation of CIV-H3N2 in order to assess its threat to human health. Using ferret-generated antisera we determined that CIV-H3N2 is antigenically distinct from contemporary human H3N2 IAVs, suggesting there may be minimal herd immunity in humans...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Virology
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