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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727105/analysis-of-the-gut-bacterial-communities-in-beef-cattle-and-their-association-with-feed-intake-growth-and-efficiency
#1
P R Myer, H C Freetly, J E Wells, T P L Smith, L A Kuehn
The impetus behind the global food security challenge is direct, with the necessity to feed almost 10 billion people by 2050. Developing a food-secure world, where people have access to a safe and sustainable food supply, is the principal goal of this challenge. To achieve this end, beef production enterprises must develop methods to produce more pounds of animal protein with less. Selection for feed-efficient beef cattle using genetic improvement technologies has helped to understand and improve the stayability and longevity of such traits within the herd...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724433/gridsample-an-r-package-to-generate-household-survey-primary-sampling-units-psus-from-gridded-population-data
#2
Dana R Thomson, Forrest R Stevens, Nick W Ruktanonchai, Andrew J Tatem, Marcia C Castro
BACKGROUND: Household survey data are collected by governments, international organizations, and companies to prioritize policies and allocate billions of dollars. Surveys are typically selected from recent census data; however, census data are often outdated or inaccurate. This paper describes how gridded population data might instead be used as a sample frame, and introduces the R GridSample algorithm for selecting primary sampling units (PSU) for complex household surveys with gridded population data...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695486/policies-to-promote-active-travel-evidence-from-reviews-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Meghan Winters, Ralph Buehler, Thomas Götschi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While many levels of government recognize that walking and cycling (active travel) are critical to healthy cities, a continued challenge is to identify and prioritize strategies that will increase walking and cycling for transportation. We review evidence on policies that can increase active travel. RECENT FINDINGS: The reviews included here conclude that policies related to active travel may operate at various levels of the socio-ecological framework, including society, cities, routes or individuals...
July 10, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694268/the-effect-of-changes-in-cervical-cancer-screening-guidelines-on-chlamydia-testing
#4
Michelle S Naimer, Jeffrey C Kwong, Deepit Bhatia, Rahim Moineddin, Michael Whelan, Michael A Campitelli, Liane Macdonald, Aisha Lofters, Ashleigh Tuite, Tali Bogler, Joanne A Permaul, Warren J McIsaac
PURPOSE: Many chlamydia infections are identified through screening, which is frequently offered to females concomitantly with cervical cancer screening. Recent cervical cancer screening guidelines recommend screening less frequently and starting later. We sought to evaluate the impact of the May 2012 Ontario, Canada, cervical cancer screening guideline change on Papanicolaou (Pap) and chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia) testing and incidence. METHODS: We extracted population-based physician billing claims data to identify Pap and chlamydia tests and public health surveillance data to identify chlamydia cases...
July 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685043/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-5-equity-effects-for-neonates-and-children
#5
Meike Schleiff, Richard Kumapley, Paul A Freeman, Sundeep Gupta, Bahie M Rassekh, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: The degree to which investments in health programs improve the health of the most disadvantaged segments of the population-where utilization of health services and health status is often the worst-is a growing concern throughout the world. Therefore, questions about the degree to which community-based primary health care (CBPHC) can or actually does improve utilization of health services and the health status of the most disadvantaged children in a population is an important one...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685041/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-3-neonatal-health-findings
#6
Emma Sacks, Paul A Freeman, Kwame Sakyi, Mary Carol Jennings, Bahie M Rassekh, Sundeep Gupta, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: As the number of deaths among children younger than 5 years of age continues to decline globally through programs to address the health of older infants, neonatal mortality is becoming an increasingly large proportion of under-5 deaths. Lack of access to safe delivery care, emergency obstetric care and postnatal care continue to be challenges for reducing neonatal mortality. This article reviews the available evidence regarding the effectiveness of community-based primary health care (CBPHC) and common components of programs aiming to improve health during the first 28 days of life...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680972/non-toxin-producing-bacillus-cereus-strains-belonging-to-the-b-%C3%A2-anthracis-clade-isolated-from-the-international-space-station
#7
Kasthuri Venkateswaran, Nitin K Singh, Aleksandra Checinska Sielaff, Robert K Pope, Nicholas H Bergman, Sandra P van Tongeren, Nisha B Patel, Paul A Lawson, Masataka Satomi, Charles H D Williamson, Jason W Sahl, Paul Keim, Duane Pierson, Jay Perry
In an ongoing Microbial Observatory investigation of the International Space Station (ISS), 11 Bacillus strains (2 from the Kibo Japanese experimental module, 4 from the U.S. segment, and 5 from the Russian module) were isolated and their whole genomes were sequenced. A comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences of these isolates showed the highest similarity (>99%) to the Bacillus anthracis-B. cereus-B. thuringiensis group. The fatty acid composition, polar lipid profile, peptidoglycan type, and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight profiles were consistent with the B...
May 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679877/crowdhealth-holistic-health-records-and-big-data-analytics-for-health-policy-making-and-personalized-health
#8
Dimosthenis Kyriazis, Serge Autexier, Iván Brondino, Michael Boniface, Lucas Donat, Vegard Engen, Rafael Fernandez, Ricardo Jimenez-Peris, Blanca Jordan, Gregor Jurak, Athanasios Kiourtis, Thanos Kosmidis, Mitja Lustrek, Ilias Maglogiannis, John Mantas, Antonio Martinez, Argyro Mavrogiorgou, Andreas Menychtas, Lydia Montandon, Cosmin-Septimiu Nechifor, Sokratis Nifakos, Alexandra Papageorgiou, Marta Patino-Martinez, Manuel Perez, Vassilis Plagianakos, Dalibor Stanimirovic, Gregor Starc, Tanja Tomson, Francesco Torelli, Vicente Traver-Salcedo, George Vassilacopoulos, Usman Wajid
Today's rich digital information environment is characterized by the multitude of data sources providing information that has not yet reached its full potential in eHealth. The aim of the presented approach, namely CrowdHEALTH, is to introduce a new paradigm of Holistic Health Records (HHRs) that include all health determinants. HHRs are transformed into HHRs clusters capturing the clinical, social and human context of population segments and as a result collective knowledge for different factors. The proposed approach also seamlessly integrates big data technologies across the complete data path, providing of Data as a Service (DaaS) to the health ecosystem stakeholders, as well as to policy makers towards a "health in all policies" approach...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662125/digital-divide-among-people-with-disabilities-analysis-of-data-from-a-nationwide-study-for-determinants-of-internet-use-and-activities-performed-online
#9
Mariusz Duplaga
INTRODUCTION: The Internet is both an opportunity as well as a challenge for people with disabilities. However, this segment of the population is usually indicated among social groups experiencing digital divide. The study is focused on the analysis of factors determining Internet usage and undertaking specific activities online among people with disabilities based on a nationwide study performed in 2013 in Poland. METHODS: Secondary analysis was performed on the data of persons who declared disability status in 2013 "Social Diagnosis" study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658965/self-rated-health-among-multiracial-young-adults-in-the-united-states-findings-from-the-add-health-study
#10
Karen M Tabb, Amelia R Gavin, Douglas C Smith, Hsiang Huang
OBJECTIVE: The multiracial adult population is one of the fastest growing segments of the U.S. population, yet much remains to be learned about multiracial health. Considerable research finds racial/ethnic disparities in self-rated health, however subgroups within the multiracial population have not been consistently described. DESIGN: We use data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (Add Health) and multivariate logistic regression analyses to compare self-rated health of multiracial and monoracial young adults (n = 7880)...
June 28, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651434/body-mass-index-and-functional-impairment-the-explanatory-role-of-anxiety-sensitivity-among-treatment-seeking-smokers
#11
Brooke Y Kauffman, Lorra Garey, Charles Jardin, Michael W Otto, Amanda M Raines, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
Obesity and smoking are highly prevalent public health concerns in the United States. Data indicate that elevated Body Mass Index (BMI) is related to functional impairment. However, there is limited understanding of mechanisms that may explain their comorbidity among smokers. The current study sought to test whether anxiety sensitivity explained the relation between BMI and functional impairment among 420 (46.9% females; Mage = 38 years, SD = 13.42) treatment-seeking, adult smokers. Results indicated that BMI yielded a significant indirect effect through anxiety sensitivity for functional impairment, b = 0...
June 27, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639601/faecal-microbiota-of-healthy-adults-in-south-india-comparison-of-a-tribal-a-rural-population
#12
Balamurugan Ramadass, B Sandya Rani, Srinivasan Pugazhendhi, K R John, Balakrishnan S Ramakrishna
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The relevance of the gut microbiota to human health is increasingly appreciated. The objective of this study was to compare the gut microbiota of a group of adult tribals with that of healthy adult villagers in Tamil Nadu, India. METHODS: Faeces were collected from 10 healthy tribal adults (TAs) in the Jawadhi hills and from 10 healthy villagers [rural adults (RAs)] in Vellore district, Tamil Nadu. DNA was extracted, and 456 bp segments comprising hypervariable regions 3 and 4 of the 16S rRNA gene were amplified, barcoded and 454 sequenced...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630291/global-sustainable-development-priorities-500-y-after-luther-sola-schola-et-sanitate
#13
Wolfgang Lutz
Martin Luther succinctly summarized his theology in sola statements, such as sola scriptura, viewing the Bible (scriptura) as the only valid source of information about God rather than what he viewed as the extraneous, corrupting church doctrine of the time. As a secular side effect of this focus on individual reading skills, the Protestant territories were the first to acquire high literacy rates, which subsequently fostered health, economic growth, and good governance. Here I argue that a similar priority focus on empowerment of all segments of all populations through education and health (sola schola et sanitate) is needed today for sustainable development...
July 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625599/disparities-in-anxiety-and-its-disorders
#14
EDITORIAL
Michael J Zvolensky, Lorra Garey, Jafar Bakhshaie
Much of the scientific work addressing the enigmas of anxiety and its disorders has been conducted among European Americans. This work has led to great progress into the nature of anxiety psychopathology, including etiologic, maintenance, and relapse processes. Moreover, evidenced-based treatments for anxiety and its disorders have arguably been among the best in the field of psychopathology for well over two decades. Yet, the progress thus far attained on the nature and treatment of anxiety disorders has not benefited all members of society equally...
May 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616846/characterizing-user-engagement-with-health-app-data-a-data-mining-approach
#15
Katrina J Serrano, Kisha I Coa, Mandi Yu, Dana L Wolff-Hughes, Audie A Atienza
The use of mobile health applications (apps) especially in the area of lifestyle behaviors has increased, thus providing unprecedented opportunities to develop health programs that can engage people in real-time and in the real-world. Yet, relatively little is known about which factors relate to the engagement of commercially available apps for health behaviors. This exploratory study examined behavioral engagement with a weight loss app, Lose It! and characterized higher versus lower engaged groups. Cross-sectional, anonymized data from Lose It! were analyzed (n = 12,427,196)...
June 14, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614445/-differences-in-mortality-between-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-persons-in-brazil-based-on-the-2010-population-census
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Marden Barbosa de Campos, Gabriel Mendes Borges, Bernardo Lanza Queiroz, Ricardo Ventura Santos
There have been no previous estimates on differences in adult or overall mortality in indigenous peoples in Brazil, although such indicators are extremely important for reducing social iniquities in health in this population segment. Brazil has made significant strides in recent decades to fill the gaps in data on indigenous peoples in the national statistics. The aim of this paper is to present estimated mortality rates for indigenous and non-indigenous persons in different age groups, based on data from the 2010 Population Census...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610758/the-everyday-food-practices-of-community-dwelling-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-older-adults
#17
Nevin Cohen, Kristen Cribbs
Malnutrition during old age is a significant public health issue. Prevailing behavioral and structural senior malnutrition interventions have had marginal success, largely failing to reflect the realities of people's daily lives. This novel study employed Social Practice Theory (SPT) to explore the food practices of an under-researched, yet highly vulnerable, segment of the older adult population-Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) seniors. Four focus groups were conducted with 31 older adult clients and volunteers at a national LGBT social service and advocacy organization...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610649/enhancing-resiliency-for-elderly-populations-shelter-in-place-planning-and-training-at-facilities-serving-elderly-populations-through-the-rhode-island-senior-resiliency-project
#18
Richard Smith, Michael Mozzer, Joseph Albanese, James Paturas, Julia Gold
Elderly populations are disproportionately affected by disasters. In part, this is true because for many older adults, special assistance is needed to mitigate the consequences of disasters on their health and wellbeing. In addition, many older adults may reside in diverse living complexes such as long-term care facilities, assisted living facilities and independent-living senior housing complexes. Planning for each type of facility is different and the unique features of these facilities must be considered to develop readiness to deal with disasters...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607831/primary-care-integration-of-psychiatric-and-behavioral-health-services-a-primer-for-providers-and-case-report-of-local-implementation
#19
Anthony Ps Guerrero, Cori L Takesue, Jared Hn Medeiros, Aileen A Duran, Joseph W Humphry, Ryan M Lunsford, Diana V Shaw, Michael H Fukuda, Earl S Hishinuma
Mental health conditions are common, disabling, potentially life-threatening, and costly; however, they are mostly treatable with early detection and intervention. Unfortunately, mental healthcare is in significantly short supply both nationally and locally, and particularly in small, rural, and relatively isolated communities. This article provides physicians and other health practitioners with a primer on the basic rationale and principles of integrating behavioral healthcare - particularly psychiatric specialty care - in primary care settings, including effective use of teleconferencing...
June 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603159/safety-profile-of-telaprevir-based-triple-therapy-in-elderly-patients-a-real-world-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Maiko Akutagawa, Kazuki Ide, Yohei Kawasaki, Mie Yamanaka, Ryo Iketani, Hiroshi Yamada, Naohiko Masaki
To compare the rate of treatment discontinuation due to adverse events for telaprevir-based triple (T/PR) and pegylated interferon-alfa-2b and ribavirin (PR) therapy for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients over the age of 65 years, in Japan.Retrospective analysis of the health data of patients over the age of 65 years treated for a HCV infection genotype 1 using T/PR or PR therapy, from 38 prefectures in Japan. The primary outcome was the rate of treatment discontinuation due to adverse events for T/PR and PR...
June 9, 2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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