keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Population health segmentation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109270/clustering-of-risk-related-modifiable-behaviours-and-their-association-with-overweight-and-obesity-among-a-large-sample-of-youth-in-the-compass-study
#1
Rachel E Laxer, Ross C Brownson, Joel A Dubin, Martin Cooke, Ashok Chaurasia, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Canadian youth exhibit a number of risky behaviours, some of which are associated with overweight and obesity. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of 15 modifiable risk behaviours in a large sample of Canadian youth, to identify underlying subgroups based on patterns of health behaviours, and to examine the association between identified subgroups and overweight/obesity. METHODS: Data from 18,587 grades 9-12 students in Year 1 (2012-13) of the COMPASS study and latent class analysis were used to identify patterns and clustering among 15 health behaviours (e...
January 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107703/how-universal-is-coverage-and-access-to-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-chagas-disease-in-colombia-a-health-systems-analysis
#2
Zulma M Cucunubá, Jennifer M Manne-Goehler, Diana Díaz, Pierre Nouvellet, Oscar Bernal, Andrea Marchiol, María-Gloria Basáñez, Lesong Conteh
Limited access to Chagas disease diagnosis and treatment is a major obstacle to reaching the 2020 World Health Organization milestones of delivering care to all infected and ill patients. Colombia has been identified as a health system in transition, reporting one of the highest levels of health insurance coverage in Latin America. We explore if and how this high level of coverage extends to those with Chagas disease, a traditionally marginalised population. Using a mixed methods approach, we calculate coverage for screening, diagnosis and treatment of Chagas...
January 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106518/a-case-report-cornerstone-health-care-reduced-the-total-cost-of-care-through-population-segmentation-and-care-model-redesign
#3
Dale E Green, Bruce H Hamory, Grace E Terrell, Jasmine O'Connell
Over the course of a single year, Cornerstone Health Care, a multispecialty group practice in North Carolina, redesigned the underlying care models for 5 of its highest-risk populations-late-stage congestive heart failure, oncology, Medicare-Medicaid dual eligibles, those with 5 or more chronic conditions, and the most complex patients with multiple late-stage chronic conditions. At the 1-year mark, the results of the program were analyzed. Overall costs for the patients studied were reduced by 12.7% compared to the year before enrollment...
January 20, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069855/prevalence-and-spending-associated-with-patients-who-have-a-behavioral-health-disorder-and-other-conditions
#4
Ken Thorpe, Sanjula Jain, Peter Joski
: People with multiple medical conditions are a growing and increasingly costly segment of the U.S. POPULATION: Despite the co-occurrence of physical and behavioral health comorbidities, the US health care system tends to treat these conditions separately rather than holistically. To identify opportunities for population health improvement, we examined the treated prevalence of and health care spending on behavioral health disorders, by the number of coexisting physical disorders, among noninstitutionalized adults...
January 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057629/alarming-prevalence-of-emergency-hypertension-levels-in-the-general-public-identified-by-a-hypertension-awareness-campaign
#5
Stephanie P B Caligiuri, Jose Alejandro Austria, Grant N Pierce
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major cause of mortality and morbidity today. The "silent" nature of hypertension makes it critical to determine its prevalence and its severity in the general public and to identify strategies to identify people unaware of its presence. A mobile hypertension awareness campaign was created to: (i) determine the prevalence and types of hypertension in an urban North American center, (ii) increase hypertension awareness, and (iii) identify reasons for lack of therapy adherence...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055103/cancer-statistics-2017
#6
Rebecca L Siegel, Kimberly D Miller, Ahmedin Jemal
Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and deaths that will occur in the United States in the current year and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, and survival. Incidence data were collected by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program; the National Program of Cancer Registries; and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. Mortality data were collected by the National Center for Health Statistics. In 2017, 1,688,780 new cancer cases and 600,920 cancer deaths are projected to occur in the United States...
January 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042394/network-approaches-to-substance-use-and-hiv-hepatitis-c-risk-among-homeless-youth-and-adult-women-in-the-united-states-a-review
#7
Kirk Dombrowski, Kelley Sittner, Devan Crawford, Melissa Welch-Lazoritz, Patrick Habecker, Bilal Khan
During the United States economic recession of 2008-2011, the number of homeless and unstably housed people in the United States increased considerably. Homeless adult women and unaccompanied homeless youth make up the most marginal segments of this population. Because homeless individuals are a hard to reach population, research into these marginal groups has traditionally been a challenge for researchers interested in substance abuse and mental health. Network analysis techniques and research strategies offer means for dealing with traditional challenges such as missing sampling frames, variation in definitions of homelessness and study inclusion criteria, and enumeration/population estimation procedures...
September 2016: Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040263/identification-of-chemical-mixtures-to-which-canadian-pregnant-women-are-exposed-the-mirec-study
#8
Wan-Chen Lee, Mandy Fisher, Karelyn Davis, Tye E Arbuckle, Sanjoy K Sinha
Depending on the chemical and the outcome, prenatal exposures to environmental chemicals can lead to adverse effects on the pregnancy and child development, especially if exposure occurs during early gestation. Instead of focusing on prenatal exposure to individual chemicals, more studies have taken into account that humans are exposed to multiple environmental chemicals on a daily basis. The objectives of this analysis were to identify the pattern of chemical mixtures to which women are exposed and to characterize women with elevated exposures to various mixtures...
December 28, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028677/psychosocial-influences-on-disaster-preparedness-in-san-francisco-recipients-of-home-care
#9
Robyn R Gershon, Elena Portacolone, Ezinne M Nwankwo, Qi Zhi, Kristine A Qureshi, Victoria H Raveis
Disasters disproportionately impact certain segments of the population, including children, pregnant women, people living with disabilities and chronic conditions and those who are underserved and under-resourced. One of the most vulnerable groups includes the community-dwelling elderly. Post-disaster analyses indicate that these individuals have higher risk of disaster-related morbidity and mortality. They also have suboptimal levels of disaster preparedness in terms of their ability to shelter-in-place or evacuate to a shelter...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026711/sedentary-behaviours-among-adults-across-canada
#10
Katya M Herman, Travis J Saunders
 OBJECTIVES: While cross-Canada variations in physical activity and weight status have been illustrated, less is known about sedentary behaviour (SB). The aim of this study was to describe various SBs and their correlates among Canadian adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the 2011-2012 Canadian Community Health Survey included 92,918 respondents aged 20-75+ years, representative of >22 million Canadian adults. TV/video viewing, computer, video game playing and reading time were self-reported. Associations with socio-demographic, health and health behaviour variables were examined...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000344/emergency-department-utilization-by-californians-with-sickle-cell-disease-2005-2014
#11
Susan T Paulukonis, Lisa B Feuchtbaum, Thomas D Coates, Lynne D Neumayr, Marsha J Treadwell, Elliott P Vichinsky, Mary M Hulihan
BACKGROUND: Clinical care for children and adults living with sickle cell disease (SCD) is often provided in the emergency department (ED). Population-based surveillance data can be used to describe the ED utilization patterns of this patient population. PROCEDURE: A cohort of pediatric and adult California patients with SCD was identified from multiple data sources, and 10 years (2005-2014) of their treat-and-release ED utilization data were analyzed. RESULTS: Among a cohort of 4,636 patients with SCD, 4,100 (88%) had one or more treat-and-release ED visits...
December 21, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990194/predictors-of-bone-status-by-quantitative-ultrasound-measurements-in-a-mountain-village-in-japan
#12
Tsuyoshi Tajika, Atsushi Yamamoto, Takashi Ohsawa, Noboru Oya, Haku Iizuka, Kenji Takagishi
BACKGROUND: It seems to be important to recognize predictors of bone health condition in Japanese super-aged society. The purpose of this study was to investigate predictors of the speed of sound (SOS) of calcaneus by quantitative ultrasound measurements of mountain village residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical examinations were conducted on 214 participants (69 men, 145 women; average age of 63.6 years). Each had completed a self-administered questionnaire including items such as gender, dominant hand, occupation, and history of smoking and drinking alcohol, experience of falls, and the EuroQol-5-dimensions-3-level Japanese version and a 25-question geriatric locomotive function scale proposed by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983573/trends-in-consumption-of-solid-fats-added-sugars-sodium-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-fruit-from-fast-food-restaurants-and-by-fast-food-restaurant-type-among-us-children-2003-2010
#13
Colin D Rehm, Adam Drewnowski
Energy intakes from fast food restaurants (FFRs) have declined among US children. Less is known about the corresponding trends for FFR-sourced solid fats, added sugars, and sodium, and food groups of interest, such as fruit and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Using data from a single 24-h dietary recall among 12,378 children aged 4-19 years from four consecutive cycles of the nationally-representative National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2003-2010 a custom algorithm segmented FFRs into burger, pizza, sandwich, Mexican cuisine, chicken, Asian cuisine, fish restaurants, and coffee shops...
December 13, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982765/the-epidemiology-of-spinal-tuberculosis-in-the-united-states-an-analysis-of-2002-2011-data
#14
Rafael De la Garza Ramos, C Rory Goodwin, Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, Ali Bydon, Timothy F Witham, Jean-Paul Wolinsky, Daniel M Sciubba
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of spinal tuberculosis (TB) in the US between 2002 and 2011. METHODS The Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 2002 to 2011 was used to identify patients with a discharge diagnosis of TB and spinal TB. Demographic and hospital data were obtained for all admissions, and included age, sex, race, comorbid conditions, insurance status, hospital location, hospital teaching status, and hospital region. The incidence rate of spinal TB adjusted for population growth was calculated after application of discharge weights...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982400/experience-of-health-professionals-in-care-of-the-homeless-population-with-tuberculosis
#15
Tatiana Ferraz de Araújo Alecrim, Fernando Mitano, Amanda Alessandra Dos Reis, Cristine Moraes Roos, Pedro Fredemir Palha, Simone Teresinha Protti-Zanatta
OBJECTIVE: Analyzing statements of health professionals from a Street Clinic regarding care of a homeless population with tuberculosis. METHOD: This is a qualitative research, conducted in the central region of São Paulo at three basic health units in the period of November to December 2014. A semi-structured interview guideline was implemented for data collection and all interviews were recorded using a digital recorder. RESULTS: Six health professionals were interviewed...
September 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979682/evaluating-spatial-distribution-and-seasonal-variation-of-phthalates-using-passive-air-sampling-in-southern-india
#16
Srimurali Sampath, Krishna Kumar Selvaraj, Govindaraj Shanmugam, Vimalkumar Krishnamoorthy, Paromita Chakraborty, Babu Rajendran Ramaswamy
Usage of phthalates as plasticizers has resulted in worldwide occurrence and is becoming a serious concern to human health and environment. However, studies on phthalates in Indian atmosphere are lacking. Therefore, we studied the spatio-temporal trends of six major phthalates in Tamil Nadu, southern India, using passive air samplers. Phthalates were ubiquitously detected in all the samples and the average total phthalates found in decreasing order is pre-monsoon (61 ng m(-3)) > summer (52 ng m(-3)) > monsoon (17 ng m(-3))...
February 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968835/psychological-wellbeing-and-all-cause-mortality-in-the-oldest-old-in-china-a-longitudinal-survey-based-study
#17
Enying Gong, Yechu Hua, Lijing L Yan
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between psychological wellbeing and physical health has been the subject of many studies among middle-aged and older adults, little is known about whether psychological wellbeing is associated with mortality among the fastest growing population segment-the oldest old (aged ≥80 years). METHODS: This study included 18 676 adults aged 80-122 years from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, conducted in 22 of 31 provinces in China in 1998 and followed up in 2000, 2002, 2005, 2008-2009, 2011-12, and 2014...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943164/sustaining-gains-in-health-programs-technical-efficiency-and-its-determinants-in-malaria-programs-in-sub-saharan-africa
#18
Esso-Hanam Atake
BACKGROUND: Since the year 2000, Africa has made significant progress in the fight against malaria. Between 2000 and 2015, the incidence and death from malaria fell by 42 and 66%, respectively. However, the African region still accounts for most global cases of malaria. In 2015, the region was home to 89% of malaria cases and 91% of malaria death. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate efficiency of policies against malaria in 30 malaria-endemic Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, from the perspective of sustaining gains...
December 9, 2016: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942039/child-schooling-in-ethiopia-the-role-of-maternal-autonomy
#19
Tesfaye Alemayehu Gebremedhin, Itismita Mohanty
This paper examines the effects of maternal autonomy on child schooling outcomes in Ethiopia using a nationally representative Ethiopian Demographic and Health survey for 2011. The empirical strategy uses a Hurdle Negative Binomial Regression model to estimate years of schooling. An ordered probit model is also estimated to examine age grade distortion using a trichotomous dependent variable that captures three states of child schooling. The large sample size and the range of questions available in this dataset allow us to explore the influence of individual and household level social, economic and cultural factors on child schooling...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929656/epilogue-to-special-issue-on-tobacco-and-other-substance-use-disorders-links-and-implications
#20
Steven A Schroeder
This paper summarizes The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse special issue and offers suggestions for future steps. People who use alcohol or other addictive substances are much more likely to use tobacco. Yet, clinicians and scientists have long regarded these addiction categories as separate and unrelated. The resultant benign neglect of tobacco use has had disastrous consequences on patients. This special issue is an important step toward remedying that situation. It has reviewed what is known and what more needs to be discovered regarding the co-occurrence of tobacco use disorder (TUD) and other substance use disorders (SUDs)...
December 8, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
keyword
keyword
90217
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"