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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778784/food-choice-considerations-among-american-indians-living-in-rural-oklahoma-the-thrive-study
#1
Marianna S Wetherill, Mary B Williams, Micah L Hartwell, Alicia L Salvatore, Tvli Jacob, Tamela K Cannady, Joy Standridge, Jill Fox, Jennifer Spiegel, Natia Anderson, Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan
In rural American Indian (AI) communities, access to affordable, healthy foods is often limited. Understanding AI food choice considerations when selecting foods, such as sensory appeal, cost, or health, is an important yet understudied topic for eliminating persistent AI health disparities. In partnership with the Chickasaw Nation and Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, we administered a modified version of the Food Choice Values (FCV) Questionnaire to a cross-sectional sample of 83 AI patrons shopping at tribally-owned convenience stores ≥3 times per week...
May 17, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764528/symptomatic-myocardial-bridging-a-frequently-occurring-coronary-variation-can-cause-severe-myocardial-ischaemia-in-affected-children-with-underlying-cardiac-conditions
#2
Alexandra Kiess, Marcel Vollroth, Farhad Bakhtiary, Hiroshi Seki, Martin Kostelka, Milan Djukic, Ingo Daehnert, Robert Wagner
Myocardial bridging is a congenital coronary artery anomaly in which the coronary artery has a partly "tunnelled" intramyocardial course. This tunnelling leads to compression of the affected vessel segment during ventricular systole. It is considered to be a benign variation of the norm in about 25% of the population caused by an aberrancy of embryologic coronary development. The bridging is also thought to cause severe cardiac conditions in a few of those affected. The series of six young patients presented here is the largest series so far to report on symptomatic myocardial bridging in children with different underlying heart diseases...
May 16, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763863/environmental-tin-exposure-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-u-s-adults-and-children-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2014
#3
Hans-Joachim Lehmler, Manuel Gadogbe, Buyun Liu, Wei Bao
Tin is a naturally occurring heavy metal that occurs in the environment in both inorganic and organic forms. Human exposure to tin is almost ubiquitous; however, surprisingly little is known about factors affecting environmental tin exposure in humans. This study analyzed demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors associated with total urinary tin levels in adults (N = 3522) and children (N = 1641) participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014, a nationally representative health survey in the United States...
May 12, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763483/melanoma-in-us-hispanics-recommended-strategies-to-reduce-disparities-in-outcomes
#4
Valerie M Harvey
Cutaneous melanoma is the most fatal form of skin cancer and presents a considerable public health concern in the United States. Although the age-adjusted incidence of melanoma among US Hispanics is lower than that of non-Hispanic whites (NHWs), Hispanics who are diagnosed with melanoma are more likely to present with thicker primary tumors, metastatic disease, and lower 5-year melanoma-specific survival rates than NHWs. Melanoma risk factors and reasons for late presentation among Hispanics are not completely understood...
April 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762453/microvascular-replantation-following-facial-dog-bites-in-children-systematic-review-and-management-algorithm
#5
Amanda J Williams, Jeremy M Powers, Jennifer L Rhodes, Andrea L Pozez
BACKGROUND: Pediatric dog bite injuries account for 1% of emergency department visits per year and represent an underrecognized and underreported public health problem. Reconstructive surgery is frequently utilized, and in the most extreme injuries, microvascular replantation may be considered. We sought to systematically review the available literature on microvascular replantation after facial dog bite injuries in children, with particular attention to perioperative morbidity and long-term follow-up...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759306/level-of-understanding-of-alzheimer-disease-among-caregivers-and-the-general-population
#6
C Jorge, M Cetó, A Arias, E Blasco, M P Gil, R López, F Dakterzada, F Purroy, G Piñol-Ripoll
INTRODUCTION: Understanding of Alzheimer disease is fundamental for early diagnosis and to reduce caregiver burden. The objective of this study is to evaluate the degree of understanding of Alzheimer disease among informal caregivers and different segments of the general population through the Alzheimer's Disease Knowledge Scale. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We assessed the knowledge of caregivers in different follow-up periods (less than one year, between 1 and 5 years, and over 5 years since diagnosis) and individuals from the general population...
May 11, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759065/high-resolution-mapping-of-traffic-related-air-pollution-with-google-street-view-cars-and-incidence-of-cardiovascular-events-within-neighborhoods-in-oakland-ca
#7
Stacey E Alexeeff, Ananya Roy, Jun Shan, Xi Liu, Kyle Messier, Joshua S Apte, Christopher Portier, Stephen Sidney, Stephen K Van Den Eeden
BACKGROUND: Some studies have linked long-term exposure to traffic related air pollutants (TRAP) with adverse cardiovascular health outcomes; however, previous studies have not linked highly variable concentrations of TRAP measured at street-level within neighborhoods to cardiovascular health outcomes. METHODS: Long-term pollutant concentrations for nitrogen dioxide [NO2 ], nitric oxide [NO], and black carbon [BC] were obtained by street-level mobile monitoring on 30 m road segments and linked to residential addresses of 41,869 adults living in Oakland during 2010 to 2015...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757315/a-multi-center-prospective-cohort-study-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-differential-pricing-and-health-systems-strengthening-on-access-to-medicines-and-management-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-ghana-a-study-protocol
#8
Linda Meta Mobula, Stephen Sarfo, Lynda Arthur, Gilbert Burnham, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Daniel Ansong, Edith Gavor, David Ofori-Adjei
Background: There is evidence to suggest that the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), in particular cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, are being recognized as forming a substantial proportion of the burden of disease among populations in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs).  Access to treatment is likely a key barrier to the control and prevention of NCD outcomes.  Differential pricing, an approach used to price drugs based on the purchasing power of patients in different socioeconomic segments, has been shown to be beneficial and leads to improved access and affordability...
February 7, 2018: Gates open research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757116/social-marketing-nutrition-education-for-low-income-population
#9
Rachel Hagues, Sarah Stotz, Austin Childers, Joe Phua, Judy Hibbs, Deborah Murray, Jung Sun Lee
As access to healthy food (or lack thereof) could be considered a social justice issue, social workers should be concerned about this issue and willing to collaborate with colleagues of various disciplines to address it. This study was a formative evaluation conducted to understand best practices, recommendations, and feasibility of a social-marketing-based nutrition education program tailored to the needs of adults with limited income. The authors report findings from focus groups conducted with Cooperative Extension Agents (CEAs) and region coordinators (n = 45) and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (SNAP-Ed) (n = 69) eligible participants to inform the development of a social marketing nutrition intervention for SNAP-Ed in Georgia...
May 14, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751836/inequities-and-their-determinants-in-coverage-of-maternal-health-services-in-burkina-faso
#10
Takondwa Mwase, Stephan Brenner, Jacob Mazalale, Julia Lohmann, Saidou Hamadou, Serge M A Somda, Valery Ridde, Manuela De Allegri
BACKGROUND: Poor and marginalized segments of society often display the worst health status due to limited access to health enhancing interventions. It follows that in order to enhance the health status of entire populations, inequities in access to health care services need to be addressed as an inherent element of any effort targeting Universal Health Coverage. In line with this observation and the need to generate evidence on the equity status quo in sub-Saharan Africa, we assessed the magnitude of the inequities and their determinants in coverage of maternal health services in Burkina Faso...
May 11, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739432/emergency-management-of-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-eastern-austria-a-descriptive-quality-control-study
#11
Helmut Trimmel, Thomas Bayer, Wolfgang Schreiber, Wolfgang G Voelckel, Lukas Fiedler
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction is a time-critical condition and its outcome is determined by appropriate emergency care. Thus we assessed the efficacy of a supra-regional ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) network in Easternern Austria. METHODS: The Eastern Austrian STEMI network serves a population of approx. 766.000 inhabitants within a region of 4186 km2 . Established in 2007, it now comprises 20 pre-hospital emergency medical service (EMS) units (10 of these physician-staffed), 4 hospitals and 3 cardiac intervention centres...
May 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738289/tgf%C3%AE-3-msx1-and-mmp3-as-candidates-for-nscl%C3%A2-p-in-an-indian-population
#12
Priyanka Kumari, Subodh Kumar Singh, Rajiva Raman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of transforming growth factor β3 ( TGFβ3), muscle segment homeobox 1 ( MSX1), Metalloproteinases 3 ( MMP3), and MMP9 genes as candidates for nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate in an Indian population. DESIGN: Case-control association study, mutational screening, and functional evaluation of obtained mutations. SETTING: Mutational screening of the developmental genes, TGFβ3 and MSX1, along with functional evaluation and association of promoter region SNPs-one each in MMP3 and MMP9...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735039/the-effect-of-health-hedonic-claims-on-consumer-hedonic-and-sensory-perception-of-sugar-reduction-case-study-with-orange-passionfruit-nectars
#13
Denize Oliveira, Gastón Ares, Rosires Deliza
Sugar reduction in beverages can contribute to reduce consumption of this nutrient and to improve the health status of the population. However, such reduction can negatively affect consumer perception. Label information can be an effective tool to increase consumer interest in sugar-reduced products. In this context, the aim of the present work was to study the influence of health/hedonic claims on consumer hedonic and sensory perception of sugar reduction in orange/passionfruit nectars under expected and informed conditions...
June 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734968/impacts-of-the-type-of-social-health-insurance-on-health-service-utilisation-and-expenditures-implications-for-a-unified-system-in-china
#14
Si Ying Tan, Xun Wu, Wei Yang
While moving towards unified social health insurance (SHI) is often a politically popular policy reform in countries where rapid expansion in health insurance coverage has given rise to the segmentation of SHI systems as different SHI schemes were rolled out to serve different populations, the potential impacts of reform on service utilisation and health costs have not been systematically studied. Using data from the Chinese Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), we compared the mean costs incurred for both inpatient and outpatient care under different health insurance schemes, and the impact of different SHI schemes on treatment utilisation and health care costs using a two-part model...
May 8, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734507/screening-in-toddlers-and-preschoolers-at-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-evaluating-a-novel-mobile-health-screening-tool
#15
Stephen M Kanne, Laura Arnstein Carpenter, Zachary Warren
There are many available tools with varying levels of accuracy designed to screen for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in young children, both in the general population and specifically among those referred for developmental concerns. With burgeoning waitlists for comprehensive diagnostic ASD assessments, finding accurate methods and tools for advancing diagnostic triage becomes increasingly important. The current study compares the efficacy of four oft used paper and pencil measures, the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers Revised with Follow-up, the Social Responsiveness Scale, Second Edition, and the Social Communication Questionnaire, and the Child Behavior Checklist to a novel mobile-health screening tool developed by Cognoa, Inc...
May 7, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732720/distribution-of-gene-segments-of-the-pandemic-a-h1n1-2009-virus-lineage-in-pig-populations
#16
K Okuya, A Matsuu, T Kawabata, F Koike, M Ito, T Furuya, A Taneno, S Akimoto, E Deguchi, M Ozawa
Swine influenza viruses (SIVs) are important not only for pig farming, but also for public health. In fact, pandemic A(H1N1) 2009 viruses [A(H1N1)pdm09] were derived from SIVs. Therefore, timely characterization of locally circulating SIVs is necessary for understanding the global status of SIVs. To genetically characterize SIVs circulating in Japanese pig populations, we isolated 24 SIVs of three subtypes (17 H1N1, four H1N2 and three H3N2 strains) from 14 pig farms in Japan from 2013 to 2016. Genetic analyses revealed that the haemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes of the 17 H1N1 and the HA gene of one H1N2, A/swine/Aichi/02/2016 (H1N2), SIVs belonged to the A(H1N1)pdm09 lineage...
May 6, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730697/risk-related-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-and-new-diagnostic-strategies-in-patients-with-solitary-pulmonary-nodule-the-italian-multicenter-trial
#17
Marco Spadafora, Leonardo Pace, Laura Evangelista, Luigi Mansi, Francesco Del Prete, Giorgio Saladini, Paolo Miletto, Stefano Fanti, Silvana Del Vecchio, Luca Guerra, Giovanna Pepe, Giuseppina Peluso, Emanuele Nicolai, Giovanni Storto, Marco Ferdeghini, Alessandro Giordano, Mohsen Farsad, Orazio Schillaci, Cesare Gridelli, Alberto Cuocolo
PURPOSE: Diagnosis of solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) is an important public health issue and 18 F-FDG PET/CT has proven to be more effective than CT alone. Pre-test risk stratification and clinical presentation of SPN could affect the diagnostic strategy. A relevant issue is whether thoracic segmental (s)-PET/CT could be implemented in patients with SPN. This retrospective multicenter study compared the results of FDG whole-body (wb)-PET/CT to those of s-PET/CT. METHODS: 18 F-FDG PET/CT of 502 patients, stratified for pre-test cancer risk, were retrospectively analyzed...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729288/colorectal-cancer-screening-in-the-united-states-trends-from-2008-to-2015-and-variation-by-health-insurance-coverage
#18
Janet S de Moor, Robin A Cohen, Jean A Shapiro, Marion R Nadel, Susan A Sabatino, K Robin Yabroff, Stacey Fedewa, Richard Lee, V Paul Doria-Rose, Cheryl Altice, Carrie N Klabunde
Regular colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is recommended for reducing CRC incidence and mortality. This paper provides an updated analysis of CRC screening in the United States (US) and examines CRC screening by several features of health insurance coverage. Recommendation-consistent CRC screening was calculated for adults aged 50-75 in 2008, 2010, 2013 and 2015 using data from the National Health Interview Survey. CRC screening prevalence in 2015 was described overall and by sociodemographic subgroups. CRC screening by health insurance coverage was further examined using multivariable logistic regression, stratified by age (50-64 years and 65-75 years) and adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, sex, education, income, time in US, and comorbid conditions...
May 2, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729053/computed-tomography-is-a-feasible-method-for-quantifying-bone-density-in-macaca-mulatta
#19
Salvador A Solís-Chávez, Manuel A Castillo-Rivera, Marcela Arteaga-Silva, Alejandra Ibáñez-Contreras, Braulio Hernández-Godínez, Andrés Morón-Mendoza, Gamaliel Mendoza-Cuevas, Axayácatl Morales-Guadarrama, Emilio Sacristan-Rock
Osteopathologies are a result of advanced age and decreased bone density and represent a global health problem. It is therefore important to generate models for longitudinal studies of the pathophysiology in order to improve early diagnosis and develop preventive therapies. For this kind of research, the use of computed tomography (CT) to evaluate bone health offers advantages over other techniques since it provides more complete information. The aim of this prospective, pilot study was to obtain measurements of the left femur from a population in captivity of 32 rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) in order to standardize the model for future research...
May 4, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723387/are-there-differences-in-the-quality-of-the-diet-of-working-and-stay-at-home-women
#20
Daniela de Assumpção, Caroline Senicato, Regina Mara Fisberg, Ana Maria Canesqui, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
OBJECTIVE To verify whether there is an association between the quality of the diet and the inclusion of women in the labor market and whether the education level would modify this association. We have analyzed the differences according to education level and evaluated whether the insertion or not in the market modifies the association between the quality of the diet and education level. METHODS This is a cross-sectional population-based study that has used data from the Campinas Health Survey (2008 ISACamp)...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
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