Read by QxMD icon Read

Utilization segmentation

Cheng Jin, Jianjiang Feng, Lei Wang, Heng Yu, Jiang Liu, Jiwen Lu, Jie Zhou
In this paper, we present an approach for left atrial appendage (LAA) multi-phase fast segmentation and quantitative assisted diagnosis of atrial fibrillation (AF) based on 4D-CT data. We take full advantage of the temporal dimension information to segment the living, flailed LAA based on a parametric max-flow method and graph-cut approach to build 3-D model of each phase. To assist the diagnosis of AF, we calculate the volumes of 3-D models, and then generate a "volume-phase" curve to calculate the important dynamic metrics: ejection fraction, filling flux, and emptying flux of the LAA's blood by volume...
March 9, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Andrew R Christiansen, Rami M Shorti, Cory D Smith, William C Prows, Jay T Bishoff
PURPOSE: Despite the increasing use of advanced 3D imaging techniques and 3D printing, these techniques have not yet been comprehensively compared in a surgical setting. The purpose of this study is to explore the effectiveness of five different advanced imaging modalities during a complex renal surgical procedure. METHODS: A patient with a horseshoe kidney and multiple large, symptomatic stones that had failed Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) and ureteroscopy treatment was used for this evaluation...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Urology
D K Boruah, A Prakash, B B Gogoi, R R Yadav, D D Dhingani, B Sarma
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hirayama disease is a benign focal amyotrophy of the distal upper limbs involving C7, C8, and T1 segmental myotomes with sparing of the brachioradialis and proximal muscles of the upper limb innervated by C5-6 myotomes. The objective of the present study was to study the utility of MR imaging in young patients presenting with weakness and wasting of the distal upper extremity and to evaluate the importance of the laminodural space during flexion cervical MR imaging...
March 15, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Dustin A Bruening, Kota Z Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Kinematic multi-segment foot models have been increasingly used to study foot function. The addition of kinetics to these models may enhance their utility; however, this been hindered by limitations in measuring ground reaction forces (GRFs) under individual foot segments. PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy of partitioning segment GRFs from a single force platform on foot joint kinetics. METHODS: Two potential partitioning methods were applied to a previously published three-segment kinetic foot model...
March 6, 2018: Gait & Posture
Fernando Yepes-Calderon, Marvin D Nelson, J Gordon McComb
The picture archiving and communications system (PACS) is currently the standard platform to manage medical images but lacks analytical capabilities. Staying within PACS, the authors have developed an automatic method to retrieve the medical data and access it at a voxel level, decrypted and uncompressed that allows analytical capabilities while not perturbing the system's daily operation. Additionally, the strategy is secure and vendor independent. Cerebral ventricular volume is important for the diagnosis and treatment of many neurological disorders...
2018: PloS One
Nancy E Epstein
Background: The risk of spinal cord injury (SCI) due to decreased cord perfusion following thoracic/thoracoabdominal aneurysm surgery (T/TL-AAA) and thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) ranges up to 20%. For decades, therefore, many vascular surgeons have utilized cerebrospinal fluid drainage (CSFD) to decrease intraspinal pressure and increase blood flow to the spinal cord, thus reducing the risk of SCI/ischemia. Methods: Multiple studies previously recommend utilizing CSFD following T/TL-AAA/TEVAR surgery to treat SCI by increasing spinal cord blood flow...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
Jiayue Cai, Soojin Lee, Fang Ba, Saurabh Garg, Laura J Kim, Aiping Liu, Diana Kim, Z Jane Wang, Martin J McKeown
Falls and balance difficulties remain a major source of morbidity in Parkinson's Disease (PD) and are stubbornly resistant to therapeutic interventions. The mechanisms of gait impairment in PD are incompletely understood but may involve changes in the Pedunculopontine Nucleus (PPN) and its associated connections. We utilized fMRI to explore the modulation of PPN connectivity by Galvanic Vestibular Stimulation (GVS) in healthy controls ( n = 12) and PD subjects even without overt evidence of Freezing of Gait (FOG) while on medication ( n = 23)...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Anthony R Vega, Spencer A Freeman, Sergio Grinstein, Khuloud Jaqaman
Molecular interactions are often transient and might change within the window of observation, leading to changes in molecule movement. Therefore, accurate motion analysis often requires transient motion classification. Here we present an accurate and computationally efficient transient mobility analysis framework, termed "divide-and-conquer moment scaling spectrum" (DC-MSS). DC-MSS works in a multistep fashion: 1) it utilizes a local movement descriptor throughout a track to divide it into initial segments of putatively different motion classes; 2) it classifies these segments via moment scaling spectrum (MSS) analysis of molecule displacements; and 3) it uses the MSS analysis results to refine the track segmentation...
March 13, 2018: Biophysical Journal
Ahmed M Elkady, Dana Cobzas, Hongfu Sun, Gregg Blevins, Alan H Wilman
BACKGROUND: Combined R2* and quantitative susceptibility (QS) has been previously used in cross-sectional multiple sclerosis (MS) studies to distinguish deep gray matter (DGM) iron accumulation and demyelination. PURPOSE: We propose and apply discriminative analysis of regional evolution (DARE) to define specific changes in MS and healthy DGM. STUDY TYPE: Longitudinal (baseline and 2-year follow-up) retrospective study. SUBJECTS: Twenty-seven relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), 17 progressive MS (PMS), and corresponding age-matched healthy subjects...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Hee-Jung Park, Jun Hyup Lee, Sujin Park, Tae-Il Kim
Purpose: This study utilized a strong quasi-experimental design to test the hypothesis that the implementation of a policy to expand dental care services resulted in an increase in the usage of dental outpatient services. Methods: A total of 45,650,000 subjects with diagnoses of gingivitis or advanced periodontitis who received dental scaling were selected and examined, utilizing National Health Insurance claims data from July 2010 through November 2015. We performed a segmented regression analysis of the interrupted time-series to analyze the time-series trend in dental costs before and after the policy implementation, and assessed immediate changes in dental costs...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Shuaa Alotaibi, Joshua Samba, Sabin Pokharel, Yucheng Lan, Kelechi Uradu, Ayodeji Afolabi, Ilyas Unlu, Gobind Basnet, Kadir Aslan, Bret N Flanders, Abdellah Lisfi, Birol Ozturk
AC electric fields were utilized in the growth of individual high-aspect ratio cobalt nanowires from simple salt solutions using the Directed Electrochemical Nanowire Assembly method. Nanowire diameters were tuned from the submicron scale to 40 nm by adjusting the AC voltage frequency and the growth solution concentration. The structural properties of the nanowires, including shape and crystallinity, were identified using electron microscopy. Hysteresis loops obtained along different directions of an individual nanowire using vibrating sample magnetometry showed that the magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy has the same order of magnitude as the shape anisotropy energy...
February 26, 2018: Applied Physics Letters
Stavros Dimitriadis, Fares Qeadan, Christopher L Taylor, Howard Yonas, Andrew P Carlson
BACKGROUND: Middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms continue to be viewed by many as primarily surgical entities. OBJECTIVE: To introduce a new, easily measurable dimension termed "neck overhang," defined as the amount of the aneurysm that extends proximal to the 2 dimensionally defined "neck" and to evaluate the utility of the intersecting clipping technique (use of straight clip and intersecting fenestrated clip) to adapt to this overhanging segment's specific dimensions and achieve better obliteration of the MCA aneurysms...
February 26, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
John P Kleimeyer, Ivan Cheng, Todd F Alamin, Serena S Hu, Thomas Cha, Vijay Yanamadala, Kirkham B Wood
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of selective one- to two-level anterior lumbar interbody fusions (ALIFs) in the lower lumbar spine versus continued nonsurgical management. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Low back pain associated with lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration is common with substantial economic impact, yet treatment remains controversial. Surgical fusion has previously provided mixed results with limited durable improvement of pain and function...
March 9, 2018: Spine
Naisheng Jiang, Mani Sen, Maya K Endoh, Tadanori Koga, Elin Maria Larsson Langhammer, Patrik Bjöörn, Mesfin Tsige
The glass transition of supported polystyrene (PS) and poly(2-vinylpyridine) (P2VP) thin films in the vicinity of the substrate interface was studied by using a nanoplasmonic sensing (NPS) method. This "nanocalorimetric" approach utilizes localized surface plasmon resonance from two-dimensional arrangements of sensor-nanoparticles deposited on SiO2 coated glass substrates. The NPS results demonstrated the existence of a high glass transition temperature (Tg, high) along with the bulk glass transition temperature (Tg, bulk ≈ 100 ºC for PS and P2VP) within the thin films: Tg, high ≈ 160 ºC for PS and Tg, high ≈ 200 ºC for P2VP...
March 12, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Subir Bhatia, Shilpkumar Arora, Sravya M Bhatia, Mohammed Al-Hijji, Yogesh N V Reddy, Parshva Patel, Charanjit S Rihal, Bernard J Gersh, Abhishek Deshmukh
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. CKD complicates referral for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients because of the risk for acute kidney injury and the need for dialysis, with American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines underscoring the limited data on these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the National Inpatient Sample to analyze hospitalizations in the United States from 2004 to 2014, we sought to assess PCI utilization and in-hospital outcomes in NSTEMI admissions with CKD...
March 10, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Jianguo Sun, Qilong Han, Liang Kou, Liguo Zhang, Kejia Zhang, Zilong Jin
In this paper, we propose a method named region mosaicking on Laplacian pyramids (RMLP) to fuse multi-focus images that are captured by microscope. First, we apply the sum-modified Laplacian to measure the focus of multi-focus images. Then the density-based region growing algorithm is utilized to segment the focused region mask of each image. Finally, the mask is decomposed into a mask pyramid to supervise region mosaicking on a Laplacian pyramid. The region level pyramid keeps more original information than the pixel level...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
Jonathan R Young, Heidi Coy, Hyun J Kim, Michael Douek, Anthony Sisk, Arie Belldegrun, Allan J Pantuck, Steven S Raman
PURPOSE: To investigate if multiphasic multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) enhancement profiles can distinguish clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCCs) with high carbonic anhydrase-IX (CA-IX) expression from ccRCCs with low CA-IX expression. METHODS: With IRB approval for this retrospective study, we derived a cohort of 105 histologically proven ccRCCs with preoperative 4-phase renal mass MDCT from 2001 to 2013. Following manual segmentation, the computer-assisted detection algorithm selected a 0...
March 8, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Hailing Fu, Guangzhu Chen, Nan Bai
Piezoelectric energy harvesting using cantilever-type structures has been extensively investigated due to its potential application in providing power supplies for wireless sensor networks, but the low output power has been a bottleneck for its further commercialization. To improve the power conversion capability, a piezoelectric beam with different electrode coverage ratios is studied theoretically and experimentally in this paper. A distributed-parameter theoretical model is established for a bimorph piezoelectric beam with the consideration of the electrode coverage area...
March 7, 2018: Sensors
Neil P Reddy, Sung Wan Ham, Fred A Weaver, Vincent L Rowe, Kenneth R Ziegler, Sukgu M Han
Endovascular aneurysm repair has become the first-line treatment modality for infrarenal aortic aneurysms. However, obtaining successful long-term results frequently require re-interventions. Particularly, delayed type 1a endoleaks pose a challenging problem, as they are often associated with proximal extension of the aneurysmal process to juxta or para-renal aortic segments. We describe two remedial techniques to repair delayed type 1a endoleak by extending the seal zone to the suprarenal aorta, while incorporating the renal arteries...
March 5, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Changxi Ma, Wei Hao, Ruichun He, Xiaoyan Jia, Fuquan Pan, Jing Fan, Ruiqi Xiong
To identify electrical vehicle (EV) distribution paths with high robustness, insensitivity to uncertainty factors, and detailed road-by-road schemes, optimization of the distribution path problem of EV with multiple distribution centers and considering the charging facilities is necessary. With the minimum transport time as the goal, a robust optimization model of EV distribution path with adjustable robustness is established based on Bertsimas' theory of robust discrete optimization. An enhanced three-segment genetic algorithm is also developed to solve the model, such that the optimal distribution scheme initially contains all road-by-road path data using the three-segment mixed coding and decoding method...
2018: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"