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"Population segmentation"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071662/hemoglobin-concentration-is-associated-with-self-reported-disability-and-reduced-physical-performance-in-a-community-dwelling-population-of-nonagenarians-the-mugello-study
#1
Francesca Cecchi, Silvia Pancani, Federica Vannetti, Roberta Boni, Chiara Castagnoli, Anita Paperini, Guido Pasquini, Francesco Sofi, Raffaele Molino-Lova, Claudio Macchi
People aged 90 and older represent a fast-growing population segment who deserve specific attention and research. Aging is associated with a progressive decrease in hemoglobin concentration, which predicts adverse outcome, such as mortality, morbidity, frailty and disability. Whether this association is independent from increased prevalence of comorbidity, causing both anemia and reduced physical function is yet under debate. The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between hemoglobin concentration and self-reported disability and reduced physical performance in a community dwelling population of nonagenarians...
October 25, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048397/correlation-analysis-of-pm10-and-the-incidence-of-lung-cancer-in-nanchang-china
#2
Yi Zhou, Lianshui Li, Lei Hu
Air pollution and lung cancer are closely related. In 2013, the World Health Organization listed outdoor air pollution as carcinogenic and regarded it as the most widespread carcinogen that humans are currently exposed to. Here, grey correlation and data envelopment analysis methods are used to determine the pollution factors causing lung cancer among residents in Nanchang, China, and identify population segments which are more susceptible to air pollution. This study shows that particulate matter with particle sizes below 10 micron (PM10) is most closely related to the incidence of lung cancer among air pollution factors including annual mean concentrations of SO₂, NO₂, PM10, annual haze days, and annual mean Air Pollution Index/Air Quality Index (API/AQI)...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044812/roads-to-ruin-conservation-threats-to-a-sentinel-species-across-an-urban-gradient
#3
Blake E Feist, Eric R Buhle, David H Baldwin, Julann A Spromberg, Steven E Damm, Jay W Davis, Nathaniel L Scholz
Urbanization poses a global challenge to species conservation. This is primarily understood in terms of physical habitat loss, as agricultural and forested lands are replaced with urban infrastructure. However, aquatic habitats are also chemically degraded by urban development, often in the form of toxic stormwater runoff. Here we assess threats of urbanization to coho salmon throughout developed areas of the Puget Sound Basin in Washington, USA. Puget Sound coho are a sentinel species for freshwater communities and also a species of concern under the U...
October 18, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030996/re-examining-the-sensitivity-of-glycated-hemoglobin-to-screen-for-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Chun Wei Yap, Yee Gary Ang, Timothy Peng Lim Quek, Bee Hoon Heng, Daniel Ek Kwang Chew
BACKGROUND: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is one of the laboratory tests recommended by the ADA to screen for diabetes mellitus (DM). It is particularly suitable for population segments that cannot or are unwilling to fast for a screening test. Our study aims to determine if HbA1c would be a useful tool to screen for DM in a real world setting if ADA guidelines for repeat testing to confirm the diagnosis of DM are strictly adhered to. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective database study by extracting demographic and laboratory data from a chronic disease registry which collects data on adults from three tertiary hospitals and nine large primary care clinics in Singapore...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987330/physical-activity-and-screen-based-recreation-prevalences-and-trends-over-time-among-adolescents-and-barriers-to-recommended-engagement
#5
Michelle I Jongenelis, Maree Scully, Belinda Morley, Iain S Pratt, Terry Slevin
Adolescence is a critical time for disengagement from physical activity making young people a priority group for interventions. To determine whether existing initiatives are working in this population segment and help inform future programs, the present study sought to (i) examine prevalences and trends in physical activity and screen-based recreation among Australian adolescents and (ii) identify the barriers to adolescents meeting recommended guidelines. Two cross-sectional representative samples of Western Australian secondary school students aged 12 to 17years were surveyed in 2009-2010 (n=1505) and 2012-2013 (n=1406)...
October 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910247/pediatric-ambulatory-care-sensitive-conditions-birth-cohorts-and-the-socio-economic-gradient
#6
Leslie L Roos, Roxana Dragan, Robert J Schroth
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the socio-economic gradient in utilization and the risk factors associated with hospitalization for four pediatric ambulatory care sensitive conditions (dental conditions, asthma, gastroenteritis, and bacterial pneumonia). Dental conditions, where much care is provided by dentists and insurance coverage varies among different population segments, present special issues. METHODS: A population registry, provider registry, physician ambulatory claims, and hospital discharge abstracts from 28 398 children born in 2003-2006 in urban centres in Manitoba, Canada were the main data sources...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821893/benefits-of-population-segmentation-analysis-for-developing-health-policy-to-promote-patient-centred-care
#7
Jia Loon Chong, David B Matchar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792987/-infant-mortality-according-to-color-or-race-based-on-the-2010-population-census-and-national-health-information-systems-in-brazil
#8
Aline Diniz Rodrigues Caldas, Ricardo Ventura Santos, Gabriel Mendes Borges, Joaquim Gonçalves Valente, Margareth Crisóstomo Portela, Gerson Luiz Marinho
The aim of this study was to investigate infant mortality data according to color or race in Brazil with a focus on indigenous individuals, based on data from the 2010 Population Census and the Brazilian Mortality Information System (SIM) and Brazilian Information System on Live Births (SINASC). In both sources, the infant mortality rate (IMR) for indigenous individuals was the highest of all the various population segments. Although the census data indicate inequalities by color or race, the infant mortality rates for indigenous and black individuals were lower than those based on data from SIM/SINASC...
August 7, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695486/policies-to-promote-active-travel-evidence-from-reviews-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Meghan Winters, Ralph Buehler, Thomas Götschi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While many levels of government recognize that walking and cycling (active travel) are critical to healthy cities, a continued challenge is to identify and prioritize strategies that will increase walking and cycling for transportation. We review evidence on policies that can increase active travel. RECENT FINDINGS: The reviews included here conclude that policies related to active travel may operate at various levels of the socio-ecological framework, including society, cities, routes or individuals...
September 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686776/adapalene-benzoyl-peroxide-gel-0-3-2-5-effective-acne-therapy-regardless-of-age-or-gender
#10
Linda Stein Gold, William P Werschler, Jennifer Mohawk
<p>BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris affects a diverse group of people, and there is an increasingly wide variety of acne treatments. Because of the many options, clinicians have a better ability to individualize treatment; however, achieving optimal results relies on understanding how various agents perform in specific population segments. Fixed-combination adapalene plus benzoyl peroxide (A/BPO) is a first-line recommended acne therapy and is available in two adapalene concentrations (0.1% and 0.3%) combined with BPO 2...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679877/crowdhealth-holistic-health-records-and-big-data-analytics-for-health-policy-making-and-personalized-health
#11
Dimosthenis Kyriazis, Serge Autexier, Iván Brondino, Michael Boniface, Lucas Donat, Vegard Engen, Rafael Fernandez, Ricardo Jimenez-Peris, Blanca Jordan, Gregor Jurak, Athanasios Kiourtis, Thanos Kosmidis, Mitja Lustrek, Ilias Maglogiannis, John Mantas, Antonio Martinez, Argyro Mavrogiorgou, Andreas Menychtas, Lydia Montandon, Cosmin-Septimiu Nechifor, Sokratis Nifakos, Alexandra Papageorgiou, Marta Patino-Martinez, Manuel Perez, Vassilis Plagianakos, Dalibor Stanimirovic, Gregor Starc, Tanja Tomson, Francesco Torelli, Vicente Traver-Salcedo, George Vassilacopoulos, Usman Wajid
Today's rich digital information environment is characterized by the multitude of data sources providing information that has not yet reached its full potential in eHealth. The aim of the presented approach, namely CrowdHEALTH, is to introduce a new paradigm of Holistic Health Records (HHRs) that include all health determinants. HHRs are transformed into HHRs clusters capturing the clinical, social and human context of population segments and as a result collective knowledge for different factors. The proposed approach also seamlessly integrates big data technologies across the complete data path, providing of Data as a Service (DaaS) to the health ecosystem stakeholders, as well as to policy makers towards a "health in all policies" approach...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614445/-differences-in-mortality-between-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-persons-in-brazil-based-on-the-2010-population-census
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Marden Barbosa de Campos, Gabriel Mendes Borges, Bernardo Lanza Queiroz, Ricardo Ventura Santos
There have been no previous estimates on differences in adult or overall mortality in indigenous peoples in Brazil, although such indicators are extremely important for reducing social iniquities in health in this population segment. Brazil has made significant strides in recent decades to fill the gaps in data on indigenous peoples in the national statistics. The aim of this paper is to present estimated mortality rates for indigenous and non-indigenous persons in different age groups, based on data from the 2010 Population Census...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607831/primary-care-integration-of-psychiatric-and-behavioral-health-services-a-primer-for-providers-and-case-report-of-local-implementation
#13
Anthony Ps Guerrero, Cori L Takesue, Jared Hn Medeiros, Aileen A Duran, Joseph W Humphry, Ryan M Lunsford, Diana V Shaw, Michael H Fukuda, Earl S Hishinuma
Mental health conditions are common, disabling, potentially life-threatening, and costly; however, they are mostly treatable with early detection and intervention. Unfortunately, mental healthcare is in significantly short supply both nationally and locally, and particularly in small, rural, and relatively isolated communities. This article provides physicians and other health practitioners with a primer on the basic rationale and principles of integrating behavioral healthcare - particularly psychiatric specialty care - in primary care settings, including effective use of teleconferencing...
June 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591218/when-is-genetic-modification-socially-acceptable-when-used-to-advance-human-health-through-avenues-other-than-food
#14
Nicole J Olynk Widmar, S R Dominick, Wallace E Tyner, Audrey Ruple
Given the potential for genetic modification (GM) to impact human health, via food and health mechanisms, a greater understanding of the social acceptance of GM is necessary to facilitate improved health outcomes. This analysis sought to quantify U.S. residents' acceptance of GM across five potential uses (grain production, fruit or vegetable production, livestock production, human medicine, and human health, i.e. disease vector control) and provides an in-depth analysis of a timely case study-the Zika virus (ZIKV)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551361/sitting-too-much-a-hierarchy-of-socio-demographic-correlates
#15
Jeroen Lakerveld, Anne Loyen, Nina Schotman, Carel F W Peeters, Greet Cardon, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Nanna Lien, Sebastien Chastin, Johannes Brug
Too much sitting (extended sedentary time) is recognized as a public health concern in Europe and beyond. Time spent sedentary is influenced and conditioned by clusters of individual-level and contextual (upstream) factors. Identifying population subgroups that sit too much could help to develop targeted interventions to reduce sedentary time. We explored the relative importance of socio-demographic correlates of sedentary time in adults across Europe. We used data from 26,617 adults who participated in the 2013 Special Eurobarometer 412 "Sport and physical activity"...
August 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511735/addenbrooke-s-cognitive-examination-revised-normative-and-accuracy-data-for-seniors-with-heterogeneous-educational-level-in-brazil
#16
Karolina G César, Mônica S Yassuda, Fabio H G Porto, Sonia M D Brucki, Ricardo Nitrini
BACKGROUND: Several cognitive tools have been developed aiming to diagnose dementia. The cognitive battery Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination - Revised (ACE-R) has been used to detect cognitive impairment; however, there are few studies including samples with low education. The aim of the study was to provide ACE-R norms for seniors within a lower education, including illiterates. An additional aim was to examine the accuracy of the ACE-R to detect dementia and cognitive impairment no dementia (CIND)...
May 17, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505173/continental-divide-predicting-climate-mediated-fragmentation-and-biodiversity-loss-in-the-boreal-forest
#17
Dennis L Murray, Michael J L Peers, Yasmine N Majchrzak, Morgan Wehtje, Catarina Ferreira, Rob S A Pickles, Jeffrey R Row, Daniel H Thornton
Climate change threatens natural landscapes through shifting distribution and abundance of species and attendant change in the structure and function of ecosystems. However, it remains unclear how climate-mediated variation in species' environmental niche space may lead to large-scale fragmentation of species distributions, altered meta-population dynamics and gene flow, and disrupted ecosystem integrity. Such change may be especially relevant when species distributions are restricted either spatially or to a narrow environmental niche, or when environments are rapidly changing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388618/evidence-of-natural-reproduction-of-atlantic-sturgeon-in-the-connecticut-river-from-unlikely-sources
#18
Tom Savoy, Lorraine Maceda, Nirmal K Roy, Doug Peterson, Isaac Wirgin
Atlantic Sturgeon is listed under the U.S. Endangered Species Act as five Distinct Population Segments (DPS). The "endangered" New York Bight (NYB) DPS is thought to only harbor two populations; one in the Hudson River and a second smaller one in the Delaware River. Historically, the Connecticut River probably supported a spawning population of Atlantic Sturgeon that was believed extirpated many decades ago. In 2014, we successfully collected pre-migratory juvenile specimens from the lower Connecticut River which were subjected to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region sequence and microsatellite analyses to determine their genetic relatedness to other populations coastwide...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334467/revisiting-the-paradigm-shift-in-opioid-use-developments-and-implications-10%C3%A2-years-later
#19
Benedikt Fischer, Jürgen Rehm
A decade ago, we queried the unfolding of a 'paradigm shift' in illicit opioid use in North America, specifically involving a shift away from heroin to prescription opioid (PO) use. Today, this situation is more acute than ever, with prescription opioid misuse, morbidity and mortality amounting to one of the most severe substance use-related public health crises ever, now even impacting life expectancy in key population segments. Despite medical system-based PO dispensing and practices being recognised as core drivers of the PO crisis, effective policy measures have been long absent or limited-including those to reduce medical PO use to levels supported by best evidence for pain care...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314086/risk-perception-and-disaster-preparedness-in-immigrants-and-canadian-born-adults-analysis-of-a-national-survey-on-similarities-and-differences
#20
An Gie Yong, Louise Lemyre, Celine Pinsent, Daniel Krewski
Research has documented that immigrants tend to experience more negative consequences from natural disasters compared to native-born individuals, although research on how immigrants perceive and respond to natural disaster risks is sparse. We investigated how risk perception and disaster preparedness for natural disasters in immigrants compared to Canadian-born individuals as justifications for culturally-adapted risk communication and management. To this end, we analyzed the ratings on natural disaster risk perception beliefs and preparedness behaviors from a nationally representative survey (N = 1,089)...
March 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
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