keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Population segmentation"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159730/hiv-trends-in-the-united-states-diagnoses-and-estimated-incidence
#1
H Irene Hall, Ruiguang Song, Tian Tang, Qian An, Joseph Prejean, Patricia Dietz, Angela L Hernandez, Timothy Green, Norma Harris, Eugene McCray, Jonathan Mermin
BACKGROUND: The best indicator of the impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention programs is the incidence of infection; however, HIV is a chronic infection and HIV diagnoses may include infections that occurred years before diagnosis. Alternative methods to estimate incidence use diagnoses, stage of disease, and laboratory assays of infection recency. Using a consistent, accurate method would allow for timely interpretation of HIV trends. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess the recent progress toward reducing HIV infections in the United States overall and among selected population segments with available incidence estimation methods...
February 3, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109270/clustering-of-risk-related-modifiable-behaviours-and-their-association-with-overweight-and-obesity-among-a-large-sample-of-youth-in-the-compass-study
#2
Rachel E Laxer, Ross C Brownson, Joel A Dubin, Martin Cooke, Ashok Chaurasia, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Canadian youth exhibit a number of risky behaviours, some of which are associated with overweight and obesity. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of 15 modifiable risk behaviours in a large sample of Canadian youth, to identify underlying subgroups based on patterns of health behaviours, and to examine the association between identified subgroups and overweight/obesity. METHODS: Data from 18,587 grades 9-12 students in Year 1 (2012-13) of the COMPASS study and latent class analysis were used to identify patterns and clustering among 15 health behaviours (e...
January 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106518/a-case-report-cornerstone-health-care-reduced-the-total-cost-of-care-through-population-segmentation-and-care-model-redesign
#3
Dale E Green, Bruce H Hamory, Grace E Terrell, Jasmine O'Connell
Over the course of a single year, Cornerstone Health Care, a multispecialty group practice in North Carolina, redesigned the underlying care models for 5 of its highest-risk populations-late-stage congestive heart failure, oncology, Medicare-Medicaid dual eligibles, those with 5 or more chronic conditions, and the most complex patients with multiple late-stage chronic conditions. At the 1-year mark, the results of the program were analyzed. Overall costs for the patients studied were reduced by 12.7% compared to the year before enrollment...
January 20, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026711/sedentary-behaviours-among-adults-across-canada
#4
Katya M Herman, Travis J Saunders
 OBJECTIVES: While cross-Canada variations in physical activity and weight status have been illustrated, less is known about sedentary behaviour (SB). The aim of this study was to describe various SBs and their correlates among Canadian adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the 2011-2012 Canadian Community Health Survey included 92,918 respondents aged 20-75+ years, representative of >22 million Canadian adults. TV/video viewing, computer, video game playing and reading time were self-reported. Associations with socio-demographic, health and health behaviour variables were examined...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979682/evaluating-spatial-distribution-and-seasonal-variation-of-phthalates-using-passive-air-sampling-in-southern-india
#5
Srimurali Sampath, Krishna Kumar Selvaraj, Govindaraj Shanmugam, Vimalkumar Krishnamoorthy, Paromita Chakraborty, Babu Rajendran Ramaswamy
Usage of phthalates as plasticizers has resulted in worldwide occurrence and is becoming a serious concern to human health and environment. However, studies on phthalates in Indian atmosphere are lacking. Therefore, we studied the spatio-temporal trends of six major phthalates in Tamil Nadu, southern India, using passive air samplers. Phthalates were ubiquitously detected in all the samples and the average total phthalates found in decreasing order is pre-monsoon (61 ng m(-3)) > summer (52 ng m(-3)) > monsoon (17 ng m(-3))...
February 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968835/psychological-wellbeing-and-all-cause-mortality-in-the-oldest-old-in-china-a-longitudinal-survey-based-study
#6
Enying Gong, Yechu Hua, Lijing L Yan
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between psychological wellbeing and physical health has been the subject of many studies among middle-aged and older adults, little is known about whether psychological wellbeing is associated with mortality among the fastest growing population segment-the oldest old (aged ≥80 years). METHODS: This study included 18 676 adults aged 80-122 years from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, conducted in 22 of 31 provinces in China in 1998 and followed up in 2000, 2002, 2005, 2008-2009, 2011-12, and 2014...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906004/a-quantitative-evidence-base-for-population-health-applying-utilization-based-cluster-analysis-to-segment-a-patient-population
#7
Sabine I Vuik, Erik Mayer, Ara Darzi
BACKGROUND: To improve population health it is crucial to understand the different care needs within a population. Traditional population groups are often based on characteristics such as age or morbidities. However, this does not take into account specific care needs across care settings and tends to focus on high-needs patients only. This paper explores the potential of using utilization-based cluster analysis to segment a general patient population into homogenous groups. METHODS: Administrative datasets covering primary and secondary care were used to construct a database of 300,000 patients, which included socio-demographic variables, morbidities, care utilization, and cost...
November 25, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885548/health-related-quality-of-life-in-long-term-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#8
T Nayiager, L Anderson, A Cranston, U Athale, R D Barr
PURPOSE: Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the commonest form of cancer in this age group, suffer considerable morbidity during treatment, with the majority returning to good health soon after therapy has been completed, as reflected in health-related quality of life (HRQL). However, survivors are at risk of many adverse health outcomes later, including obesity, measured by body mass index (BMI), that is compounded by limited physical activity. This study examined the HRQL of long-term survivors of ALL and its relationship to BMI and physical activity...
November 24, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829704/emancipating-sexuality-breakthroughs-into-a-bulwark-of-tradition
#9
Amy C Alexander, Ronald Inglehart, Christian Welzel
This article presents evidence for a rising emancipatory spirit, across generations and around the world, in a life domain in which religion hitherto blocked emancipatory gains: sexual freedoms. We propose an explanation of rising emancipative values that integrates several approaches into a single idea-the utility ladder of freedoms. Specifically, we suggest that objectively improving living conditions-from rising life expectancies to broader education-transform the nature of life from a source of threats into a source of opportunities...
2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828679/innovation-in-healthcare-services-notes-on-the-limits-of-field-research
#10
Laís Silveira Costa
The contemporary context of population aging, itsthe population's different health and disease characteristics, and the growing incorporation of technologies by healthcare systems have highlighted the need to adjust the healthcare structure as a whole. The defense of a democratic and sustainable system reveals the importance of understanding how changes in healthcare take place. The current article aims to contribute to the understanding of innovation in healthcare services. The study's results indicate that the existence of certain knowledge gaps means that public policies tend to overlook a whole rangeseries of innovations normally associated with social changes, with a consequentwith an impact on human development, social cohesion, equality, and equity, allcentral issues that are central toin the field of collective public healthcare field...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796845/self-regulation-of-eating-and-physical-activity-is-lower-in-obese-female-college-students-as-compared-to-their-normal-weight-counterparts
#11
Yolanda Campos-Uscanga, Gabriel Gutiérrez-Ospina, Jaime Morales-Romero, Tania Romo-González
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is characterized, among other features, by overeating, reduced physical activity and an abnormal accumulation of body fat. These features are thought to result, at least in part, from the individual's inability to self-regulate their eating and physical activity behaviors (E&PaB). Self-regulation of the E&PaB is a three-step sequential process: self-observation, self-evaluation and self-reaction. However, it is yet unclear whether deficient self-regulation of E&PaB could predispose, facilitate and/or consolidate obesity...
October 31, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734013/delayed-effects-of-obese-and-overweight-population-conditions-on-all-cause-adult-mortality-rate-in-the-usa
#12
Albert A Okunade, Rose M Rubin, Adeyinka K Okunade
Currently, there are few studies separating the linkage of pathological obese and overweight body mass indices (BMIs) to the all-cause mortality rate in adults. Consequently, this paper, using annual Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data of the 50 US states and the District of Columbia, estimates empirical regression models linking the US adult overweight (25 ≤ BMI < 30) and obesity (BMI ≥ 30) rates to the all-cause deaths rate. The biochemistry of multi-period cumulative adiposity (saturated fatty acid) from unexpended caloric intakes (net energy storage) provides the natural theoretical foundation for tracing unhealthy BMI to all-cause mortality...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692825/establishing-age-specific-cost-effective-annual-revision-rates-for-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Harshvardhan Chawla, Hassan M Ghomrawi, Jelle P van der List, Ashley A Eggman, Hendrik A Zuiderbaan, Andrew D Pearle
BACKGROUND: Improved survivorship has contributed to the increased use of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) as an alternative to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis. However, heterogeneity among cost-effectiveness analysis studies comparing UKA to TKA has prevented the derivation of discrete implant survivorship targets. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the age-stratified annual revision rate (ARR) threshold for UKA to become consistently cost-effective for unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis...
January 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671420/dispensing-medication-refills-without-counselling
#14
Kheng Yong Ong, Li Li Chen, Jane Ai Wong, Jin Cheng Lim, Doris Bee Hoon Teo, Mui Chai Tan
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to assess the safety and efficiency of, and acceptance by, patients for an express refill service (ERS). Design/methodology/approach A pilot uncontrolled, cross-sectional, single-centred study was conducted at the outpatient pharmacy of a tertiary acute care hospital. Under ERS, prescriptions were dispensed without clinical review and counselling for patients refilling prescription medications. Efficiency was assessed by comparing processing times of ERS prescriptions with regular prescriptions...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659553/using-a-cultural-and-rdoc-framework-to-conceptualize-anxiety-in-asian-americans
#15
Huiting Liu, Lynne Lieberman, Elizabeth S Stevens, Randy P Auerbach, Stewart A Shankman
Asian Americans are one of the fastest growing minority groups in the United States; however, mental health within this population segment, particularly anxiety disorders, remains significantly understudied. Both the heterogeneity within the Asian American population and the multidimensional nature of anxiety contribute to difficulties in understanding anxiety in this population. The present paper reviewed two sources of heterogeneity within anxiety in Asian Americans: (1) cultural variables and (2) mechanisms or components of anxiety...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646649/impact-of-the-mass-drug-administration-for-malaria-in-response-to-the-ebola-outbreak-in-sierra-leone
#16
Maru Aregawi, Samuel J Smith, Musa Sillah-Kanu, John Seppeh, Anitta R Y Kamara, Ryan O Williams, John J Aponte, Andrea Bosman, Pedro Alonso
BACKGROUND: As emergency response to the Ebola epidemic, the Government of Sierra Leone and its partners implemented a large-scale Mass Drug Administration (MDA) with artesunate-amodiaquine (ASAQ) covering >2.7 million people in the districts hardest hit by Ebola during December 2014-January 2015. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) evaluated the impact of the MDA on malaria morbidity at health facilities and the number of Ebola alerts received at District Ebola Command Centres...
2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637821/patterns-of-care-for-clinically-distinct-segments-of-high-cost-medicare-beneficiaries
#17
Jeffrey D Clough, Gerald F Riley, Melissa Cohen, Sheila M Hanley, Darshak Sanghavi, Darren A DeWalt, Rahul Rajkumar, Patrick H Conway
BACKGROUND: Efforts to improve the efficiency of care for the Medicare population commonly target high cost beneficiaries. We describe and evaluate a novel management approach, population segmentation, for identifying and managing high cost beneficiaries. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis of 6,919,439 Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries in 2012. We defined and characterized eight distinct clinical population segments, and assessed heterogeneity in managing practitioners...
September 2016: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614098/ethnic-differences-in-the-clustering-and-outcomes-of-health-behaviours-during-pregnancy-results-from-the-born-in-bradford-cohort
#18
E S Petherick, L Fairley, R C Parslow, R McEachan, D Tuffnell, K E Pickett, D Leon, D A Lawlor, J Wright
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a time of optimal motivation for many women to make positive behavioural changes. We aim to describe pregnant women with similar patterns of self-reported health behaviours and examine associations with birth outcomes. METHODS: We examined the clustering of multiple health behaviours during pregnancy in the Born in Bradford cohort, including smoking physical inactivity, vitamin d supplementation and exposure to second-hand smoke.Latent class analysis was used to identify groups of individuals with similar patterns of health behaviours separately for White British (WB) and Pakistani mothers...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501994/maximizing-the-benefits-and-minimizing-the-risks-of-intervention-programs-to-address-micronutrient-malnutrition-symposium-report
#19
Maaike J Bruins, Roland Kupka, Michael B Zimmermann, Georg Lietz, Reina Engle-Stone, Klaus Kraemer
Interventions to address micronutrient deficiencies have large potential to reduce the related disease and economic burden. However, the potential risks of excessive micronutrient intakes are often not well determined. During the Global Summit on Food Fortification, 9-11 September 2015, in Arusha, a symposium was organized on micronutrient risk-benefit assessments. Using case studies on folic acid, iodine and vitamin A, the presenters discussed how to maximize the benefits and minimize the risks of intervention programs to address micronutrient malnutrition...
October 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461860/insights-into-population-health-management-through-disease-diagnoses-networks
#20
Keith Feldman, Gregor Stiglic, Dipanwita Dasgupta, Mark Kricheff, Zoran Obradovic, Nitesh V Chawla
The increasing availability of electronic health care records has provided remarkable progress in the field of population health. In particular the identification of disease risk factors has flourished under the surge of available data. Researchers can now access patient data across a broad range of demographics and geographic locations. Utilizing this Big healthcare data researchers have been able to empirically identify specific high-risk conditions found within differing populations. However to date the majority of studies approached the issue from the top down, focusing on the prevalence of specific diseases within a population...
2016: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
90215
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"