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Joana M Mas, Marga Cañadas, Anna Balcells-Balcells, Climent Giné, Ana M Serrano, Carl J Dunst
BACKGROUND: Early childhood intervention (ECI) centres in Spain recently initiated a process of change towards the adoption of family-centred practices (FCPs). Knowledge about the extent to which practitioners' use FCPs is needed. The psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the FCPs scale were examined. METHOD: A convenience sample of 105 families of children with developmental delays attending three different ECI centres in Spain completed the FCPs scale and provided information about the ECI centre characteristics and practices, caregiver self-efficacy beliefs, and family and child demographic information...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
Karinna Hall, Christopher Lind, Jessica A Young, Elise Okell, Willem van Steenbrugge
BACKGROUND: Language and memory impairments affect everyday interactions between individuals with dementia and their communication partners. Impaired topic management, which compromises individuals' construction of relevant, meaningful discourse, is commonly reported amongst individuals with dementia. Currently, limited empirical evidence describes the sequential patterns of behaviour comprising topic-management practices in everyday conversation between individuals with dementia and their communication partners...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Oyetewa Oyerinde, Danielle Buccine, Alison Treichel, Claire Hong, Chyi-Chia Richard Lee, Joel Moss, Thomas N Darling
BACKGROUND: Fibrous cephalic plaques (FCPs) stereotypically develop on the forehead of patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). They constitute a major feature for TSC diagnosis and may present before other TSC-related cutaneous hamartomas. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics of FCPs in TSC. METHODS: A total of 113 patients with TSC were enrolled in an observational cohort study. Retrospective analysis of medical records and skin photography was performed...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Tjaart P J Krüger, Pavel Malý, Maxime T A Alexandre, Tomáš Mančal, Claudia Büchel, Rienk van Grondelle
Strong excitonic interactions are a key design strategy in photosynthetic light harvesting, expanding the spectral cross-section for light absorption and creating considerably faster and more robust excitation energy transfer. These molecular excitons are a direct result of exceptionally densely packed pigments in photosynthetic proteins. The main light-harvesting complexes of diatoms, known as fucoxanthin-chlorophyll proteins (FCPs), are an exception, displaying surprisingly weak excitonic coupling between their chlorophyll (Chl) a 's, despite a high pigment density...
December 26, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Melissa J Vilaro, Wenjun Zhou, Sarah E Colby, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Kristin Riggsbee, Melissa D Olfert, Tracey E Barnett, Anne E Mathews
Understanding factors that influence food choice may help improve diet quality. Factors that commonly affect adults' food choices have been described, but measures that identify and assess food choice factors specific to college students are lacking. This study developed and tested the Food Choice Priorities Survey (FCPS) among college students. Thirty-seven undergraduates participated in two focus groups ( n = 19; 11 in the male-only group, 8 in the female-only group) and interviews ( n = 18) regarding typical influences on food choice...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Valentina Marecic, Olga Shevchuk, Mateja Ozanic, Mirna Mihelcic, Michael Steinert, Antonija Jurak Begonja, Yousef Abu Kwaik, Marina Santic
Francisella is a gram-negative bacterial pathogen, which causes tularemia in humans and animals. A crucial step of Francisella infection is its invasion of macrophage cells. Biogenesis of the Francisella -containing phagosome (FCP) is arrested for ~15 min at the endosomal stage, followed by gradual bacterial escape into the cytosol, where the microbe proliferates. The crucial step in pathogenesis of tularemia is short and transient presence of the bacterium within phagosome. Isolation of FCPs for further studies has been challenging due to the short period of time of bacterial residence in it and the characteristics of the FCP...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Tadashi Mizoguchi, Megumi Isaji, Nami Yamano, Jiro Harada, Ritsuko Fujii, Hitoshi Tamiaki
The 17-propionate ester group of chlorophyll(Chl)-a in some oxygenic phototrophs was investigated using HPLC. Chls-a esterified with partially dehydrogenated forms of a phytyl group were found in fully grown cells of a diatom, Chaetoceros calcitrans: geranylgeranyl (GG), dihydrogeranylgeranyl (DHGG), and tetrahydrogeranylgeranyl (THGG). Chls-a bearing such esterifying groups were reported to be found only in greening processes of higher plants, and thus these Chls-a have been thought to be biosynthetic precursors for phytylated Chl-a...
July 18, 2017: Biochemistry
Zhengguang Guo, Jie Cheng, Haidan Sun, Wei Sun
RATIONALE: Fast digestion methods can dramatically accelerate enzyme digestion and increase the throughput of proteomic analysis. However, the peptide characteristics of fast digestion methods and their performance in discovery and targeted proteomic analysis must be systematically evaluated. METHODS: Three digestion methods, including overnight digestion, microwave-assisted protein enzymatic digestion (MAPED), and high-intensity focused ultrasonic-assisted enzymatic digestion (HIFUSAED), in trypsin or in trypsin/Lys-C were comprehensively compared in both discovery and targeted proteomics analysis using the HeLa cell proteome...
August 30, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Nausicaa Malissen, Laurence Vergely, Marguerite Simon, Agathe Roubertie, Marie-Claire Malinge, Didier Bessis
BACKGROUND: Data on long-term topical sirolimus treatment of the cutaneous manifestations of tuberous sclerosis complex are rare. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term benefit and tolerance of topical 1% sirolimus in tuberous sclerosis complex. METHODS: In this 18-month prospective single-center study, 1% sirolimus cream was applied daily to facial angiofibromas (FAs), fibrous cephalic plaques (FCPs), shagreen patches, hypomelanotic macules, and ungual fibromas...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Gregory S Doran, Ralph Deans, Carlo De Filippis, Chris Kostakis, Julia A Howitt
Police officers responsible for the seizure and removal of illegally grown cannabis plants from indoor and outdoor growing operations face the prospect of THC exposure while performing their work duties. As a result, a study investigating the amount of THC on hands and uniforms of officers during raids on cannabis growing houses (CGHs) and forest cannabis plantations (FCPs) and in the air at these sites was conducted. Swabs of gloves/hands, chests, and heads/necks were collected and analysed for THC. Results of hand swabs indicated that officers removing plants from FCPs were exposed to THC concentrations up to 20 times those involved in raids at CGHs, which was mainly associated with the number and size of plants seized...
June 2017: Forensic Science International
Guang-Dong Chen, Feng Ji, Gong-Ying Li, Bo-Xuan Lyu, Wei Hu, Chuan-Jun Zhuo
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can alleviate the symptoms of treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Functional network connectivity (FNC) is a newly developed method to investigate the brain's functional connectivity patterns. The first aim of this study was to investigate FNC alterations between TRD patients and healthy controls. The second aim was to explore the relationship between the ECT treatment response and pre-ECT treatment FNC alterations in individual TRD patients...
February 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
Meghan Delaney, Agneta Wikman, Leo van de Watering, Henk Schonewille, Jennie P Verdoes, Stephen P Emery, Michael F Murphy, Julie Staves, Susanne Flach, Donald M Arnold, Richard M Kaufman, Alyssa Ziman, Sarah K Harm, Mark Fung, Catherine S Eppes, Nancy M Dunbar, Andreas Buser, Erin Meyer, Helen Savoia, Padmakumari Abeysinghe, Nancy Heddle, Alan Tinmouth, Aicha N Traore, Mark H Yazer
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) antigen matching policies to prevent alloimmunization in females of childbearing potential (FCP) vary between centers. To inform transfusion centers responsible for making decisions about matching policies for FCPs, the causal stimulus of the antibodies implicated in severe hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) must be determined. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a multinational retrospective study of women with offspring affected by severe HDFN requiring neonatal exchange transfusion and/or intrauterine transfusion...
March 2017: Transfusion
Anna Czubatka-Bienkowska, Anna Macieja, Joanna Sarnik, Zbigniew J Witczak, Tomasz Poplawski
Thio-sugars have been described as potent inhibitors of cancer cell growth but the detailed mechanism of action remains unknown. Herein we investigated the mechanism of their anticancer action in the HeLa cell line. We investigated two thio-sugars: 5-thio-d-glucose (FCP1) and 6-thio-β-d-fructopyranose (FCP2). We have observed that FCP1 as well as FCP2 clearly induced oxidative DNA lesions in cancer cells and increased the level of cellular ROS. A spin trap and antioxidants have decreased the level of DNA lesions induced by FCPs...
March 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Erlong Wang, Xia Chen, Kaiyu Wang, Jun Wang, Defang Chen, Yi Geng, Weimin Lai, Xianchao Wei
Plant polysaccharides (PPS) are an important medicinal plant product, and play a major role in preventing and controlling infectious microbes in aquaculture. The present study investigated the effect of three PPS; Ficus carica polysaccharides (FCPS), Radix isatidis polysaccharides (RIPS), and Schisandra chinensis polysaccharides (SCPS), used as feed additives, on innate immune responses and disease resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in crucian carp. Results show that crucian carp fed with these PPS showed significant (p < 0...
December 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
M Dunbar, C Onuora, S Morgan, F E Stone, T M Huckaba, I R Davenport
Follicle cell processes (FCP) are identified in two species of carcharhinid shark (Selachii) but are absent in the little skate Leucoraja erinacea (Batoidea). This suggests that FCPs are either a unique structure that evolved in selachians or were lost by the batoids after their divergence, some 280 mya. The presence of FCPs in the selachians would be consistent with the evolution of large oocytes in this group of animals.
March 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
Xingli Wang, Lang Peng, Kaiyu Wang, Jun Wang, Yang He, Erlong Wang, Defang Chen, Ping Ouyang, Yi Geng, Xiaoli Huang
Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) is an important agricultural fish that has been plagued by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) infections in recent years, some of them severe. The outer membrane proteins (OMPs) of S. maltophilia are one of the most immunogenic and highly conserved candidates for vaccine development in aquaculture. The present study investigated OMPs of S. maltophilia as vaccine on immune response and disease resistance against S. maltophilia of channel catfish and investigated the enhancement effect of natural adjuvants Propolis (Pro), FIG polysaccharide (Fcps), Glycyrrhizine (Gly) to OMPs of S...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Jessica A Young, Christopher Lind, Willem van Steenbrugge
BACKGROUND: Difficulty participating in conversation is commonly experienced by individuals with dementia, secondary to cognitive and language deficits. Frequent communication partners (FCPs), however, report being largely unaware of how to support their conversation partners with dementia during conversation. In particular, taking a turn appropriately may be difficult for either partner due to trouble predicting a partner's behaviour and, hence, difficulty with timing conversational turns appropriately, potentially resulting in overlapping talk...
April 3, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Ahmad Zaheer Qureshi
There has been a growing demand for rehabilitation services in Pakistan in recent years, likely due to increasing prevalence of disability. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) is a branch of medicine which deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of functional impairments resulting from neuro-musculoskeletal disorders. Physiatrists are physicians who specialize in the specialty of PM&R. College of Physicians and Surgeons of Pakistan started FCPS training in PM&R in the late 1990s. There are various training institutes within and outside Pakistan which are accredited for FCPS training in PM&R...
January 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Susann Schaller-Laudel, Daniela Volke, Matthias Redlich, Marcel Kansy, Ralf Hoffmann, Christian Wilhelm, Reimund Goss
The study investigated the influence of the xanthophyll cycle pigments diadinoxanthin (DD) and diatoxanthin (Dt) on the spectroscopic characteristics, structure and protein composition of isolated fucoxanthin chlorophyll protein (FCP) complexes of the pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum. 77 K fluorescence emission spectra revealed that Dt-containing FCP complexes showed a characteristic long wavelength fluorescence emission at 700 nm at a pH-value of 5 whereas DD-enriched FCPs retained the typical 680 nm fluorescence emission maximum of isolated FCPs...
November 2015: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Ingunn Olafsdottir, Artur Nemeth, Ester Lörinc, Ervin Toth, Daniel Agardh
OBJECTIVES: The clinical presentation of colonic juvenile polyps with abdominal discomfort and occult rectal bleedings make them difficult to recognize. The aim of this study was to report the clinical features of colonic juvenile polyps in children referred to colonoscopy and evaluate fecal calprotectin (FCP) as a screening biomarker for their diagnosis. METHODS: The study included a total of 266 children (range 3.1-19.0 years, median age 15.8 years) investigated with ileocolonoscopy; of whom, 239 (89%) were investigated for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)...
January 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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