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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235939/are-shoulder-counter-rotation-and-hip-shoulder-separation-angle-representative-metrics-of-three-dimensional-spinal-kinematics-in-cricket-fast-bowling
#1
Billy Senington, Raymond Y Lee, Jonathan Mark Williams
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between shoulder counter-rotation (SCR), hip shoulder separation (HSS) and three-dimensional spinal kinematics during fast bowling in cricket. Thirty five elite male fast bowlers were analysed using three-dimensional inertial sensors on the spine. Lumbar, thoracic and thoracolumbar kinematics were determined during the delivery stride. Spearman's pairwise correlations displayed significant associations between SCR, thoracic and thoracolumbar lateral flexion between the back foot impact and max contralateral rotation phase of the delivery stride (rs = -...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218737/unsaturated-cryptophanes-toward-dual-phip-hyperpolarised-xenon-sensors
#2
Gaspard Huber, Estelle Léonce, Orsola Baydoun, Nicolas De Rycke, Thierry Brotin, Patrick Berthault
Cryptophanes, cage-molecules constituted of aromatic bowls, are now well recognized as powerful xenon hosts in 129 Xe NMR-based biosensing. In the quest of a dual probe that can be addressed only by NMR we have studied three cryptophanes bearing a tether with an unsaturated bond. The idea behind this is to build probes that can be detected both via hyperpolarised 129 Xe NMR and Para-Hydrogen Induced Polarisation (PHIP) 1 H NMR. Only two of the three cryptophanes experience a sufficiently fast hydrogenation enabling the PHIP effect...
December 8, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164169/tuberculosis-patients-who-are-a-potential-source-for-unprotected-exposure-in-health-care-systems-a-multicenter-case-control-study
#3
Jose Cadena, Norys A Castro-Pena, Heta Javeri, Brian Hernandez, Joel Michalek, Ana Fuentes Arzola, Miloni Shroff, Chetan Jinadatha, Gustavo Valero, Jason Bowling, Jean Przykucki, Michele Adams, James Jorgensen, Jan E Patterson, Pranavi Sreeramoju
Setting: Five health care systems in Texas. Objective: To describe the epidemiology of inadequate isolation for pulmonary tuberculosis leading to tuberculosis (TB) exposures from confirmed TB patients and the patient factors that led to the exposures. Design: A retrospective cohort and case-control study of adult patients with TB resulting in exposures (cases) vs those TB patients who did not result in exposures (controls) during January 2005 to December 2012...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148706/porous-carbon-with-willow-leaf-shaped-pores-for-high-performance-supercapacitors
#4
Yanhong Shi, Lin-Lin Zhang, Tyler B Schon, Huan-Huan Li, Chao-Ying Fan, Xiao-Ying Li, Hai-Feng Wang, Xing-Long Wu, Haiming Xie, Haizhu Sun, Dwight S Seferos, Jingping Zhang
A novel kind of biomass-derived high oxygen containing carbon materials doped with nitrogen that have willow leaf shaped pores was synthesized. The obtained carbon materials have an exotic hierarchical pore structure composed of bowl shaped macropores, willow leaf shaped pores, and an abundance of micropores. This unique hierarchical porous structure provides an effective combination of high current densities with high capacitance due to a pseudocapacitive component that is afforded by the introduction of nitrogen and oxygen dopants...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118166/laboratory-focus-on-improving-the-culture-of-biosafety-statewide-risk-assessment-of-clinical-laboratories-that-process-specimens-for-microbiologic-analysis
#5
Erik Munson, Erin J Bowles, Richard Dern, Eric Beck, Raymond P Podzorski, Allen C Bateman, Timothy K Block, Joshua L Kropp, Tyler Radke, Karen Siebers, Brian Simmons, Mary A Smith, Frances Spray-Larson, David M Warshauer
The Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene challenged Wisconsin laboratories to examine their biosafety practices and improve their culture of biosafety. 103 clinical and public health laboratories completed a questionnaire-based, microbiology-focused biosafety risk assessment. Greater than 96% of respondents performed activities related to specimen processing, direct microscopic examination, and rapid non-molecular testing, while approximately 60% performed culture interpretation. Although important to assessing risk, data specific to patient occupation, symptoms, and travel history were often unavailable to the laboratory and, therefore, less contributory to microbiology biosafety risk assessment than information relative to specimen source and test requisition...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111627/quantification-of-bowling-workload-and-changes-in-cognitive-function-in-elite-fast-bowlers-in-training-compared-with-twenty20-cricket
#6
Jamie Tallent, Matthew Higgins, Nick Parker, Mark Waldron, Eoin Bradford, James Keenan, Barry V O'Neill
BACKGROUND: Bowling overs are the primary recorded measure for workloads in cricket for youth through to professionals. However, the validity of this measure has never been tested. Additionally, despite the cognitive component of cricket being suggested to be very high, changes in psychomotor processing speed has again not been explored. METHODS: Eight professional English county cricket bowlers participated in the study. Participants wore global positioning systems with a tri-axial accelerometer during a Twenty20 match and training...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972820/injuries-in-cricket
#7
Dinshaw N Pardiwala, Nandan N Rao, Ankit V Varshney
CONTEXT: Cricket is a popular global sport that requires a combination of physical fitness, skill, and strategy. Although a noncontact sport, overuse and impact injuries are common since players engage in a wide range of physical activities, including running, throwing, batting, bowling, catching, and diving. Significant or match time-loss injuries are defined as those that either prevent a player from being fully available for selection in a major match, or during a major match, cause a player to be unable to bat, bowl, or keep wicket when required by either the rules or the team's captain...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952840/quantifying-cricket-fast-bowling-skill
#8
Simon A Feros, Warren B Young, Brendan J O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the current evidence regarding the quantification of cricket fast bowling skill. METHODS: Studies that assessed fast bowling skill (bowling speed and accuracy) were identified from searches in SPORTDiscus (EBSCO) in June 2017. The reference lists of identified papers were also examined for relevant investigations. RESULTS: Sixteen papers matched the inclusion criteria, and discrepancies in assessment procedures were evident...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912647/accelerometery-and-heart-rate-responses-of-professional-fast-medium-bowlers-in-one-day-and-multi-day-cricket
#9
James A Johnstone, Gerwyn Hughes, Andrew C Mitchell, Paul A Ford, Tim Watson, Rob Duffield, Dan Gordon, Justin D Roberts, Andrew T Garrett
The physical demands of fast-medium bowling are increasingly being recognised, yet comparative exploration of the differing demands between competitive formats (i.e. one-day [OD] versus multi-day [MD] matches) remain minimal. The aim of this study was to describe in-match physiological profiles of professional fast-medium bowlers from England across different versions of competitive matches using a multivariable wearable monitoring device. Seven professional cricket fast-medium bowlers wore the Bioharness(TM) monitoring device during matches, over three seasons (>80 hours in-match)...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880170/rapid-spatial-mapping-of-focused-ultrasound-fields-using-a-planar-fabry-p%C3%A3-rot-sensor
#10
Eleanor Martin, Edward Z Zhang, James A Guggenheim, Paul C Beard, Bradley E Treeby
Measurement of high acoustic pressures is necessary in order to fully characterise clinical high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) fields, and for accurate validation of computational models of ultrasound propagation. However, many existing measurement devices are unable to withstand the extreme pressures generated in these fields, and those that can often exhibit low sensitivity. Here, a planar Fabry-Pérot interferometer with hard dielectric mirrors and spacer was designed, fabricated, and characterised and its suitability for measurement of nonlinear focused ultrasound fields was investigated...
September 4, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757380/high-acute-chronic-workloads-are-associated-with-injury-in-england-wales-cricket-board-development-programme-fast-bowlers
#11
A Warren, S Williams, S McCaig, G Trewartha
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to explore the relationship between acute (1 week) and chronic (4-week average) bowling workloads and injury risk in National Development Programme fast bowlers, and to investigate individual differences in the relationship between acute:chronic workloads and injury. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Bowling workloads and injury data were collected prospectively for 29 male fast bowlers (age range 15-18) on a National Programme over two years...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742615/trunk-side-strain-has-a-high-incidence-in-first-class-cricket-fast-bowlers-in-australia-and-england
#12
Andrew R Nealon, Jill L Cook
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the past incidence of side strain injury and its associated factors in first-class cricket fast bowlers in Australia and England. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Professional cricket. PARTICIPANTS: Cricket fast bowlers who were professionally contracted full time at first-class level in Australia and England in 2011. All bowlers were male and aged 18 or older. A bowler was defined as a fast bowler if the wicketkeeper would take their stance back from the stumps...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615867/first-record-of-a-rare-transversotrematid-cercaria-larva-trematoda-digenea-from-rajasthan-india-focus-on-seasonal-occurrence-and-host-specificity-of-diverse-cercariae
#13
Shanti Lal Choubisa, Vishva Jeet Jaroli, Zulfiya Sheikh
During the survey of freshwater snail hosts and their digenean larval trematode parasites, a rare cercaria larva belonging to family Transversotrematidae and subclass Digenea (Trematoda) was recovered from the snail species Melanoides striatella tuberculata inhabiting perennial Som river of Udaipur district, Rajasthan, India. More than 28 % mature specimens of these snails were found to be infected with transversotrematid cercaria larvae in the spring season. Body of this cercaria is large, bowl-shaped, biocellate, spinose, transparent and laterally extended having two pigmented eye spots, two hold fast organs extended from the junction of body and tail, large tail with two foliated furcal rami, and cyclocoel intestinal caeca...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535739/consistency-of-kinematic-and-kinetic-patterns-during-a-prolonged-spell-of-cricket-fast-bowling-an-exploratory-laboratory-study
#14
Andrew Schaefer, Nicholas O'dwyer, René E D Ferdinands, Suzi Edwards
Due to the high incidence of lumbar spine injury in fast bowlers, international cricket organisations advocate limits on workload for bowlers under 19 years of age in training/matches. The purpose of this study was to determine whether significant changes in either fast bowling technique or movement variability could be detected throughout a 10-over bowling spell that exceeded the recommended limit. Twenty-five junior male fast bowlers bowled at competition pace while three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic data were collected for the leading leg, trunk and bowling arm...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530507/the-reliability-and-sensitivity-of-performance-measures-in-a-novel-pace-bowling-test
#15
Simon A Feros, Warren B Young, Brendan J O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the reliability and sensitivity of performance measures in a novel pace bowling test. METHODS: Thirteen male amateur club fast bowlers completed a novel pace bowling test on two separate occasions, 4-7 days apart. Participants delivered 48 balls (8 overs), at five targets on a suspended sheet, situated behind a 'live' batter who stood in a right-handed and left-handed stance for an equal amount of deliveries. Delivery instruction was frequently changed, with all deliveries executed in a pre-planned sequence...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488918/the-relationship-between-wearable-microtechnology-device-variables-and-cricket-fast-bowling-intensity
#16
Dean J McNamara, Tim J Gabbett, Peter Blanch, Luke Kelly
To date, the monitoring of fast bowling workloads across training and competition environments has been limited to counting total balls bowled. However, bowling at faster velocities is likely to require greater effort while also placing greater load on the bowler. This study investigated the relationship between prescribed effort and microtechnology outputs in fast bowlers to ascertain whether the technology could provide a more refined measure of workload. Twelve high performing fast bowlers (mean ± SD age; 20...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126683/pet-imaging-of-64-cu-dota-scfv-anti-psma-lipid-nanoparticles-lnps-enhanced-tumor-targeting-over-anti-psma-scfv-or-untargeted-lnps
#17
Patty Wong, Lin Li, Junie Chea, Melissa K Delgado, Desiree Crow, Erasmus Poku, Barbara Szpikowska, Nicole Bowles, Divya Channappa, David Colcher, Jeffrey Y C Wong, John E Shively, Paul J Yazaki
INTRODUCTION: Single chain (scFv) antibodies are ideal targeting ligands due to their modular structure, high antigen specificity and affinity. These monovalent ligands display rapid tumor targeting but have limitations due to their fast urinary clearance. METHODS: An anti-prostate membrane antigen (PSMA) scFv with a site-specific cysteine was expressed and evaluated in a prostate cancer xenograft model by Cu-64 PET imaging. To enhance tumor accumulation, the scFv-cys was conjugated to the co-polymer DSPE-PEG-maleimide that spontaneously assembled into a homogeneous multivalent lipid nanoparticle (LNP)...
April 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967283/do-fast-bowlers-fatigue-in-cricket-a-paradox-between-player-anecdotes-and-quantitative-evidence
#18
Ed Maunder, Andrew E Kilding, Simeon P Cairns
The manifestations of fatigue during fast bowling in cricket were systematically evaluated using subjective reports by cricket experts and quantitative data published from scientific studies. Narratives by international players and team physiotherapists were sourced from the Internet using criteria for opinion-based evidence. Research articles were evaluated for high-level fast bowlers who delivered 5- to 12-over spells with at least 1 quantitative fatigue measure. Anecdotes indicate that a long-term loss of bowling speed, tiredness, mental fatigue, and soreness occur...
July 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754783/the-effects-of-fast-bowling-fatigue-and-adhesive-taping-on-shoulder-joint-position-sense-in-amateur-cricket-players-in-victoria-australia
#19
Nivan Weerakkody, Trevor Allen
The impact that muscle fatigue and taping have on proprioception in an applied sporting context remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate disturbances in position sense at the shoulder joint, and asses the effectiveness of adhesive tape in preventing injury and improving performance, after a bout of cricket fast bowling. Among amateur cricket players (N = 14), shoulder position sense, maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) force and bowling accuracy was assessed before and immediately after a fatiguing exercise bout of fast bowling...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754286/br-07-1-development-of-the-cell-microarray-for-high-throughput-analysis-of-gut-microbiota
#20
Seong-Tshool Hong
The human intestine contains a massive and complex microbial community called gut microbiota. A typical human carries 100 trillion microbes in his/her body which is 10 times greater than the number of their host cells, i.e. whole number of human cells. A combined microbial genome constituting gut microbiota is well excess our own human genome. The microbial composition of gut microbiotata and its role on diseases became a booming area of research, presenting a new paradigm of opportunities for modern medicines...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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