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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001002/kdigo-2013-clinical-practice-guideline-for-lipid-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease-full-guidelines
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001001/summary-of-recommendation-statements-kdigo-2013-clinical-practice-guideline-for-lipid-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915341/rs1501299-polymorphism-in-the-adiponectin-gene-and-their-association-with-total-adiponectin-levels-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-subjects
#3
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Olatz Izaola, Beatriz de la Fuente, David Primo, Hilda Fernandez Ovalle, Enrique Romero
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the association of single nucleotide polymorphism rs1501299 in the ADIPOQ gene with body weight, insulin resistance, serum adipokine levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: The study involved a population of 1,007 adult obese subjects. Parameters like body weight, fat mass, waist circumferences, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, C-reactive protein, insulin concentration, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), lipid profile and adipocytokines levels (leptin, adiponectin and resistin) were all measured...
December 3, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915304/invasive-aspergillosis-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-are-we-making-progress-in-reducing-mortality
#4
Giulia Dragonetti, Marianna Criscuolo, Luana Fianchi, Livio Pagano
The incidence of invasive fungal disease (IFD) has varied during the last decades. However, over the years, we have observed a progressive reduction of mortality, mainly due to wider use of prophylactic antifungal therapy (i.e., new azoles, such as posaconazole), the development of new and more effective antifungal drugs (lipid compounds of amphotericin B, candins, and azoles of the previous generation) and improvement of diagnostic tools. Based on a number of international studies across three decades, the attributable mortality rate for IFD and invasive aspergillosis (IA) among patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has progressively declined...
December 2, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915214/recent-advances-in-expanding-the-coverage-of-the-lipidome
#5
REVIEW
Sergey Tumanov, Jurre J Kamphorst
The lipidome comprises a large array of molecules with diverse physicochemical properties. Lipids are structural components of cells, act as a source of energy, and function as signaling mediators. Alterations in lipid metabolism are involved in the onset and progression of a variety of diseases, including metabolic syndrome and cancer. Because of this, interest in lipidomics, the comprehensive characterization of the lipidome by mass spectrometry, has intensified in recent years. However, obtaining a truly complete overview of all lipids in a sample has remained very challenging due to their enormous structural diversity...
December 1, 2016: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915184/anti-atherosclerotic-effects-of-pravastatin-in-brachiocephalic-artery-in-comparison-with-en-face-aorta-and-aortic-roots-in-apoe-ldlr-mice
#6
Renata B Kostogrys, Magdalena Franczyk-Zarow, Marlena Gasior-Glogowska, Edyta Kus, Agnieszka Jasztal, Tomasz P Wrobel, Malgorzata Baranska, Izabela Czyzynska-Cichon, Anna Drahun, Angelika Manterys, Stefan Chlopicki
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol-dependent and independent mechanisms were proposed to explain anti-atherosclerotic action of statins in humans. However, their effects in murine models of atherosclerosis have not been consistently demonstrated. Here, we studied the effects of pravastatin on atherosclerosis in ApoE/LDLR(-/-) mice fed a control and atherogenic diet. METHODS: ApoE/LDLR(-/-) mice were fed a control (CHOW) or an atherogenic (Low Carbohydrate High Protein, LCHP) diet...
September 17, 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915171/progress-in-the-development-of-%C3%AE-lactams-as-n-acylethanolamine-acid-amidase-naaa-inhibitors-synthesis-and-sar-study-of-new-potent-n-o-substituted-derivatives
#7
R Petracca, S Ponzano, S M Bertozzi, O Sasso, D Piomelli, T Bandiera, F Bertozzi
The anti-inflammatory effects resulting from raising the levels of palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), an endogenous bioactive lipid, led to envisage N-Acylethanolamine Acid Amidase (NAAA), the cysteine hydrolase mainly responsible for PEA degradation, as an attractive target for small molecule inhibitors. Previous work in our group identified serine-derived β-lactams as potent and systemically active inhibitors of NAAA activity. Aiming to expand the SAR study around this class of compounds, we investigated the effect of the substitution on the endocyclic nitrogen by designing and synthesizing a series of N-substituted β-lactams...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915161/intestinal-multidrug-resistance-associated-protein-2-is-down-regulated-in-fructose-fed-rats
#8
Ana Sofía Londero, Maite Rocío Arana, Virginia Gabriela Perdomo, Guillermo Nicolás Tocchetti, Felipe Zecchinati, Carolina Inés Ghanem, María Laura Ruiz, Juan Pablo Rigalli, Aldo Domingo Mottino, Fabiana García, Silvina Stella Maris Villanueva
Expression and activity of jejunal multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) were examined in fructose fed Wistar rats, an experimental model of metabolic syndrome. Animals were fed on (a) control diet or (b) control diet plus 10% w/vol fructose in the drinking water. Mrp2 and the α class of GST proteins as well as their corresponding mRNAs were decreased, suggesting a transcriptional regulation by fructose. Confocal microscopy studies reaffirmed down-regulation of Mrp2...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915128/cholesterol-reducing-agents-inhibit-assembly-of-type-i-parainfluenza-viruses
#9
Shringkhala Bajimaya, Tsuyoshi Hayashi, Tünde Frankl, Peter Bryk, Brian Ward, Toru Takimoto
Many enveloped RNA viruses utilize lipid rafts for the assembly of progeny virions, but the role of cholesterol, a major component of rafts, on paramyxovirus budding and virion formation is controversial. In this study, we analyzed the effects of FDA-approved cholesterol-reducing agents, gemfibrozil and lovastatin, on raft formation and assembly of human parainfluenza virus type 1 (hPIV1) and Sendai virus (SeV). Treatment of the human airway epithelial A549 cells with the agents, especially when combined, significantly decreased production of infectious hPIV1 and SeV...
December 1, 2016: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915041/garlic-active-constituent-s-allyl-cysteine-protects-against-lipopolysaccharide-induced-cognitive-deficits-in-the-rat-possible-involved-mechanisms
#10
Mahboubeh Zarezadeh, Tourandokht Baluchnejadmojarad, Zahra Kiasalari, Siamak Afshin-Majd, Mehrdad Roghani
Neuroinflammation is known as a risk factor for cognitive deficit and dementia and its incidence increased with aging. S-allyl cysteine (SAC) is the active and main component of aged garlic extract with anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and nootropic potential. In this study, the protective effect of SAC against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cognitive deficit in the rat was investigated. For induction of learning and memory impairment and neuroinflammation, LPS was intraperitoneally injected at a dose of 167 μg/kg for 7 days and SAC was administered p...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915031/acid-ceramidase-deficiency-is-characterized-by-a-unique-plasma-cytokine-and-ceramide-profile-that-is-altered-by-therapy
#11
Shaalee Dworski, Ping Lu, Aneal Khan, Bruno Maranda, John J Mitchell, Rossella Parini, Maja Di Rocco, Boris Hugle, Makoto Yoshimitsu, Bo Magnusson, Balahan Makay, Nur Arslan, Norberto Guelbert, Karoline Ehlert, Andrea Jarisch, Janet Gardner-Medwin, Rawane Dagher, Maria Teresa Terreri, Charles Marques Lorenco, Lilianna Barillas-Arias, Pranoot Tanpaiboon, Alexander Solyom, James S Norris, Xingxuan He, Edward H Schuchman, Thierry Levade, Jeffrey A Medin
Acid Ceramidase Deficiency (Farber Disease, FD) is an ultra-rare Lysosomal Storage Disorder that is poorly understood and often misdiagnosed as Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA). Hallmarks of FD are accumulation of ceramides, widespread macrophage infiltration, splenomegaly, and lymphocytosis. The cytokines involved in this abnormal hematopoietic state are unknown. There are dozens of ceramide species and derivatives, but the specific ones that accumulate in FD have not been investigated. We used a multiplex assay to analyze cytokines and mass spectrometry to analyze ceramides in plasma from patients and mice with FD, controls, Farber patients treated by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), JIA patients, and patients with Gaucher disease...
November 30, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914980/cloning-and-characterization-of-adipogenin-and-its-overexpression-enhances-fat-accumulation-of-bovine-myosatellite-cells
#12
Yang Liu, Bijie Jiang, Changzhen Fu, Ruijie Hao
Adipogenin (ADIG) is an adipocyte-specific membrane protein highly expressed in adipose tissues and is increased during the adipocyte differentiation. However, the roles and mechanisms of ADIG on fat accumulation and adipocyte differentiation in ex vivo still largely unknown. In this study, we isolated bovine myosatellite cells based on adhesion characteristics to investigate whether ADIG overexpression could promote trans-differentiation and increase fat accumulation in myosatellite cells. Immunofluorescence labeling was then used for the phenotypic characteristics of myosatellite...
November 30, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914905/relationship-between-the-finnish-diabetes-risk-score-findrisc-vitamin-d-levels-and-insulin-resistance-in-obese-subjects
#13
Marcos M Lima-Martínez, Carlos Arrau, Saimar Jerez, Mariela Paoli, Juan P González-Rivas, Ramfis Nieto-Martínez, Gianluca Iacobellis
AIM: To assess the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] blood concentrations in subjects with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) risk according to the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) modified for Latin America (LA-FINDRISC). METHODS: This study was conducted in Ciudad Bolívar, Venezuela. Eighty two women and 20 men (53 obese and 49 nonobese), with an average age of 42.6±12.30 years were enrolled. Weight, height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), fasting glucose, basal insulin, plasma lipids, Homeostasis Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), and 25(OH)D levels were measured...
November 30, 2016: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914890/biomass-and-oil-production-by-chlorella-vulgaris-and-four-other-microalgae-effects-of-salinity-and-other-factors
#14
Tiyaporn Luangpipat, Yusuf Chisti
Five nominally freshwater microalgae (Chlorella vulgaris, Choricystis minor, Neochloris sp., Pseudococcomyxa simplex, Scenedesmus sp.) with a known ability to produce high-levels of lipids for possible use as fuel oils were evaluated for their ability to thrive and produce lipids in seawater and brackish water. Only C. vulgaris was found to thrive and produce lipids in full strength seawater. Seawater tolerant strains of C. vulgaris are unusual. Lipid productivity in nutrient sufficient seawater exceeded 37mgL(-1)d(-1) and was nearly 2-fold greater than in freshwater...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914851/dynapenia-and-metabolic-health-in-obese-and-nonobese-adults-aged-70%C3%A2-years-and-older-the-life-study
#15
Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre, Stephen Anton, Daniel P Beavers, Todd M Manini, Roger Fielding, Ann Newman, Tim Church, Stephen B Kritchevsky, David Conroy, Mary M McDermott, Anda Botoseneanu, Mary E Hauser, Marco Pahor
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between dynapenia and metabolic risk factors in obese and nonobese older adults. METHODS: A total of 1453 men and women (age ≥70 years) from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study were categorized as (1) nondynapenic/nonobese (NDYN-NO), (2) dynapenic/nonobese (DYN-NO), (3) nondynapenic/obese (NDYN-O), or (4) dynapenic/obese (DYN-O), based on muscle strength (Foundation for the National Institute of Health criteria) and body mass index...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914812/protective-effects-of-gomisin-n-against-hepatic-steatosis-through-ampk-activation
#16
Ye-Rang Yun, Ji-Hyun Kim, Ji Ha Kim, Myeong Ho Jung
Gomisin N (GN) is a phytochemical derived from Schisandra chinensis. It has been reported to exert a protective effect against hepatic steatosis by attenuating endoplasmic recticulum (ER) stress. However, the detailed mechanism by which GN inhibits hepatic steatosis remains to be elucidated. In this study, we examined whether GN activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and exerts therapeutic effects on liver X receptor (LXR)- or palmitic acid (PA)-induced triglyceride (TG) accumulation in HepG2 cells. Furthermore, in vivo protective effects of GN against hepatic steatosis were assessed in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice...
November 30, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914698/under-prescription-of-statins-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#17
M Del Ben, F Baratta, L Polimeni, D Pastori, L Loffredo, M Averna, F Violi, F Angelico
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common disease associated with high cardiovascular risk. Management of dyslipidaemia plays a pivotal role in the prevention of CV events and statins have proved to be safe in these patients. However, in everyday clinical practice statin prescription is sometimes limited because of the concern of physicians about side-effects. The aim of the study was to investigate if the presence of NAFLD affects the prescription of lipid-lowering treatment in a large series of patients with cardio-metabolic disorders...
September 28, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914621/glycolipid-crosslinking-is-required-for-cholera-toxin-to-partition-into-and-stabilize-ordered-domains
#18
Krishnan Raghunathan, Tiffany H Wong, Daniel J Chinnapen, Wayne I Lencer, Michael G Jobling, Anne K Kenworthy
Current models of lipid rafts propose that lipid domains exist as nanoscale compositional fluctuations and these fluctuations can potentially be stabilized into larger domains, consequently better compartmentalizing cellular functions. However, the mechanisms governing stabilized raft assembly and function remain unclear. Here, we test the role of glycolipid crosslinking as a raft targeting and ordering mechanism using the well-studied raft marker cholera toxin B pentamer (CTxB) that binds up to five GM1 glycosphingolipids to enter host cells...
November 30, 2016: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914539/the-effects-of-alpha-cypermethrin-exposure-on-biochemical-and-redox-parameters-in-pregnant-rats-and-their-newborns
#19
Leila Hocine, Hafida Merzouk, Sid Ahmed Merzouk, Hafeda Ghorzi, Meriem Youbi, Michel Narce
Pyrethroid insecticides are extensively used in agriculture and in household activities. During pregnancy, they might affect maternal metabolic status and there after fetal development. In this work, we studied metabolic and redox effects of low dose alpha-cypermethrin exposure in pregnant rats and their offspring. The diet containing alpha cypermethrin at 0.02mg/kg/day was consumed during the entire gestation. Plasma biochemical parameters as well as liver lipid and oxidative stress markers were determined...
November 2016: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914526/jiawei-erzhiwan-improves-menopausal-metabolic-syndrome-by-enhancing-insulin-secretion-in-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells
#20
Xiao-Meng Wan, Mu Zhang, Pei Zhang, Zhi-Shen Xie, Feng-Guo Xu, Ping Zhou, Shi-Ping Ma, Xiao-Jun Xu
Menopausal metabolic syndrome (MMS) is a series of syndrome caused by ovarian function decline and hormone insufficiency, and is a high risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Erzhiwan (EZW), composed of Herba Ecliptae and Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, is a traditional Chinese herbal formula that has been used to treat menopausal syndrome for many years. We added Herba Epimedii, Radix Rehmanniae, and Fructus Corni into EZW, to prepare a new formula, termed Jiawei Erzhiwan (JE)...
November 2016: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
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