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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001002/kdigo-2013-clinical-practice-guideline-for-lipid-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease-full-guidelines
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001001/summary-of-recommendation-statements-kdigo-2013-clinical-practice-guideline-for-lipid-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945020/-a-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-advance-on-ilex-asprella
#3
REVIEW
Bing-Zhao Du, Xin-Yao Yang, Xiao Feng, Xu Yin, He-Xin-Ge Zhang, Feng Zhao, Zeng-Ping Gao, Peng-Fei Tu, Xing-Yun Chai
Ilex asprella is one of representative medicinal plants in South of the Five Ridges of China. The roots and rhizomes of I. asprella have the effects of clearing heat and detoxifying, stimulating salvia, and reducing thirst, which has been used to treat wind-heat cold, acute and chronic pharyngitis, and sore throat. Contemporary studies showed that I. asprella contains the major triterpenoids and glycosides, phenolic acids, and minor steroids. The extracts and compounds show activities of anti-inflammatory, antiviral, anti-tumor, and regulating lipid metabolism...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945015/membrane-fusion-mediated-intracellular-delivery-of-lipid-bilayer-coated-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles
#4
Jian Yang, Jing Tu, Gerda E M Lamers, René C L Olsthoorn, Alexander Kros
Protein delivery into the cytosol of cells is a challenging topic in the field of nanomedicine, because cellular uptake and endosomal escape are typically inefficient, hampering clinical applications. In this contribution cuboidal mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) containing disk-shaped cavities with a large pore diameter (10 nm) are studied as a protein delivery vehicle using cytochrome-c (cytC) as a model membrane-impermeable protein. To ensure colloidal stability, the MSNs are coated with a fusogenic lipid bilayer (LB) and cellular uptake is induced by a complementary pair of coiled-coil (CC) lipopeptides...
September 25, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944999/systemic-redistribution-of-the-intramyocardially-injected-mesenchymal-stem-cells-by-repeated-remote-ischaemic-post-conditioning
#5
Qin Jiang, Tao Yu, Keli Huang, Hao Zhang, Zhe Zheng, Shengshou Hu
We investigated the effect of repeated remote ischaemic post-conditioning (RIPoC) on the organ distribution of the intramyocardially injected MSCs in rat myocardial ischemia model. Myocardial ischemia of adult female Sprague-Dawley rats was induced by 30-min. obstruction of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Repeated RIPoC was induced after ischemia with three cycles of 5-min. occlusion and reperfusion of the limb with the frequency of half a day, 1 or 2 days, respectively. Compared with that by single RIPoC, repeated RIPoC transiently reduced oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation and inflammation in ischaemic myocardium; the gene expression of stromal cell-derived factor-1 alpha (SDF-1α) was consistently induced by repeated RIPoC procedures...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944995/comparative-analysis-of-serum-proteome-in-congenital-scoliosis-patients-with-tbx6-haploinsufficiency-a-first-report-pointing-to-lipid-metabolism
#6
Qiankun Zhu, Nan Wu, Gang Liu, Yangzhong Zhou, Sen Liu, Jun Chen, Jiaqi Liu, Yuzhi Zuo, Zhenlei Liu, Weisheng Chen, Yixin Chen, Jia Chen, Mao Lin, Yanxue Zhao, Yang Yang, Shensgru Wang, Xu Yang, Yufen Ma, Jian Wang, Xiaoli Chen, Jianguo Zhang, Jianxiong Shen, Zhihong Wu, Guixing Qiu
Congenital scoliosis (CS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine affecting quality of life. We have demonstrated TBX6 haploinsufficiency is the most important contributor to CS. However, the pathophysiology at the protein level remains unclear. Therefore, this study was to explore the differential proteome in serum of CS patients with TBX6 haploinsufficiency. Sera from nine CS patients with TBX6 haploinsufficiency and nine age- and gender-matched healthy controls were collected and analysed by isobaric tagged relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labelling coupled with mass spectrometry (MS)...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944959/antimicrobial-activity-of-lysozyme-isoforms-key-molecular-features
#7
Melanie Derde, Véronique Vié, Astrid Walrant, Sandrine Sagan, Valérie Lechevalier, Catherine Guérin-Dubiard, Stéphane Pezennec, Marie-Françoise Cochet, Gilles Paboeuf, Maryvonne Pasco, Florence Baron, Michel Gautier, Sophie Jan, Françoise Nau
Increasing bacterial resistance towards antibiotics has stimulated research for novel antimicrobials. Proteins acting on bacterial membranes could be a solution. Lysozyme has been proven active against E. coli by disruption of both outer and cytoplasmic membranes, with dry-heating increasing lysozyme activity. Dry-heated lysozyme (DH-L) is a mixture of isoforms (isoaspartyl, native-like and succinimide lysozymes), giving rise to two questions: what effects does each form have, and which physicochemical properties are critical as regards the antibacterial activity? These issues were investigated by fractionating DH-L, analyzing structural properties of each fraction, and testing each fraction in vivo on bacteria and in vitro on membrane models...
September 25, 2017: Biopolymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944856/systemic-overexpression-of-the-11%C3%AE-%C3%A2-hsd1-promotes-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-multiple-tissues-and-the-development-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-mice
#8
Chenxiao Li, Jihan Xia, Wenjuan Zhu, Leilei Xin, Cuiping An, Shulin Yang, Kui Li
Glucocorticoids are associated with lipid metabolism and their abnormal expression has an important function in the development of metabolic syndrome. The 11β‑hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β‑HSD1) is a metabolic enzyme of glucocorticoids and may be a potential drug target for the treatment of metabolic syndrome. However, the association between the systemic expression of 11β‑HSD1 and metabolic syndrome remains to be elucidated. The present study used a cytomegalovirus promoter to obtain mice that systemically overexpressed the 11β‑HSD1 gene...
September 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944807/conjugated-fatty-acid-rich-oil-from-gynostrmma-pentaphyllum-seed-can-ameliorate-lipid-and-glucose-metabolism-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-mice
#9
Mingxing Zhang, Nan Du, Lu Wang, Xiaobing Wang, Yaping Xiao, Kun Zhang, Quanhong Liu, Pan Wang
Gynostrmma pentaphyllum seed oil (GPSO), extracted from G. pentaphyllum seeds, is rich in conjugated linolenic acid, which is a special fatty acid consisting of cis-9, trans-11, trans-13 isomers. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from insulin resistance, and is usually accompanied by hypertension, hyperlipidemia, atherosclerosis (i.e., the metabolic syndrome, or syndrome X), and polycystic ovarian disease. This study aimed to investigate the effect of GPSO on T2DM hepatic lipid metabolism and the underlying mechanism involving level of protein expression...
September 25, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944783/changes-induced-by-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-liver-sinusoidal-endothelial-cells-and-hepatocytes-spectroscopic-imaging-of-single-live-cells-at-the-subcellular-level
#10
Kamila Kochan, Edyta Kus, Ewelina Szafraniec, Adrianna Wislocka, Stefan Chlopicki, Malgorzata Baranska
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is the most prevalent liver disorder worldwide, involving pathogenic mechanisms of liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs), hepatocytes and other liver cells. Here, we used a novel approach of label-free Raman confocal imaging to study primary LSECs and hepatocytes freshly isolated from the livers of mice with NAFLD induced by a high fat diet (HFD), in comparison to healthy controls. Our aim was to characterize changes in the biochemical composition in LSECs and hepatocytes that occur in a single cell at the subcellular level...
September 25, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944763/determination-of-terahertz-permittivity-of-dehydrated-biological-samples
#11
Yuezhi He, Kai Liu, Corinna Au, Qiushuo Sun, Edward P J Parrott, Emma Pickwell-MacPherson
A key step to transform terahertz imaging to a practical medical imaging modality lies in the understanding the interactions between terahertz (THz) waves and biological tissues. Most of the models in the literature use the permittivity of liquid water to simulate the THz-tissue interactions but they often neglect the contributions from biological background such as proteins and lipids as dehydrated biological samples are experimentally difficult to prepare. In this work, we present a method to prepare thin and flat dehydrated samples which can be easily handled and measured in a transmission setup...
September 25, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944659/t2-weighted-mr-imaging-of-hepatic-tumor-guided-by-spio-loaded-nanostructured-lipid-carriers-and-ferritin-reporter-genes
#12
Chenying Lu, Jiansong Ji, Xiuliang Zhu, Peifeng Tang, Qian Zhang, Nannan Zhang, Zuhua Wang, Xiaojuan Wang, Weiqian Chen, Jingbo Hu, Yongzhong Du, Risheng Yu
Nowadays, there is a high demand for supersensitive contrast agents for the early diagnostics of hepatocarcinoma. It has been recognized that accurate imaging information is able to be achieved by constructing hepatic tumor specific targeting probes, though it still faces challenges. Here, A AGKGTPSLETTP peptide (A54) functionalized superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-loaded nanostructured lipid carrier (A54-SNLC), which can be specifically uptaken by hepatoma carcinoma cell (Bel-7402) and exhibited ultralow imaging signal intensity with varied Fe concentration on T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), was first prepared as an effective gene carrier...
September 25, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944562/autoantibodies-against-aldehyde-modified-collagen-type-iv-are-associated-with-risk-of-development-of-myocardial-infarction
#13
J Vallejo, P Dunér, G N Fredrikson, J Nilsson, E Bengtsson
BACKGROUND: Oxidation of LDL particles entrapped in the extracellular matrix of the arterial wall is a key factor in the development of atherosclerosis. Lipid oxidation products, such as malondialdehyde (MDA), react with surrounding extracellular matrix proteins and cause modifications that are recognized by the immune system. MDA modification of collagen type IV is increased in carotid lesions from symptomatic patients and correlates with autoantibodies against MDA-modified collagen type IV in plasma...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944460/ether-lipids-and-their-elusive-function-in-the-nervous-system-a-role-for-plasmalogens-an-editorial-highlight-for-reduced-muscle-strength-in-ether-lipid-deficient-mice-is-accompanied-by-altered-development-and-function-of-the-neuromuscular-junction-on-doi-10
#14
EDITORIAL
Eric J Murphy
In this editorial, we highlight the recent work of Dorninger et al. that demonstrates a reduction in plasmalogens in the motor end plate is associated with a reduction in motor end plate function. This reduction in function is illuminated in reduced muscle function in these mice, corresponding with the reduction in acetylcholine release and in its receptor density observed in these mice.
September 25, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944433/pharmacogenetics-of-lipid-lowering-agents-an-update-review-on-genotype-dependent-effects-of-hdl-targetingand-statin-therapies
#15
REVIEW
Nathan Messas, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Jean-Claude Tardif
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: High-density lipoproteins (HDL) are involved in reverse cholesterol transport. Results from randomized trials of HDL-targeting therapies, including cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibitors, have shown a lack of benefit in unsegmented populations. These observations could be explained by inter-individual variability of clinical responses to such agents depending on the patients' genotypes. In parallel, although lowering of LDL cholesterol (LDL-c) with statin therapy reduces the risk of vascular events in a wide range of individuals, inter-individual variability exists with regard to LDL-c-lowering response as well as efficacy in reducing major cardiovascular events...
September 25, 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944426/experimental-evaluation-of-the-efficiency-of-lipid-module-enriched-with-docosahexaenoic-acid-and-astaxantin
#16
Yu S Sidorova, V А Sarkisyan, N A Petrov, A A Kochetkova, V K Mazo
Rats of the experimental group for 30 days received a ration in which the fat component (sunflower oil) was completely substituted with a lipid module enriched with docosahexaenoic acid and astaxanthin. Anxiety of animals in elevated plus-maze test and muscle tone in the grip strength test were evaluated before and after the experiment. Exhausting treadmill exercise was simulated after 30 days of feeding the lipid module. Modification of the lipid component of the diet (enrichment with docosahexaenoic acid and astaxanthin) reduced fatigue during exhausting physical exercise, increased muscle tone, and produced an anxiolytic effect...
September 25, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944421/metabolic-abnormalities-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-with-comorbid-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Xing Zhen Liu, Ying Gao, Jie Fan, Xia Xu, Ju Zhang, Jie Gao, Wei Wan, Dong Bao Zhao
The metabolic characteristics of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or diabetes mellitus (DM) have been studied, but the metabolic abnormalities of RA patients complicated with DM are not completely understood. Therefore, we recruited RA patients with DM to investigate the metabolic abnormalities in these patients. We collected data of RA patients with DM and age- and sex-matched RA and DM patients from Changhai Hospital's electronic medical record system. Data of demographically matched healthy controls were also collected from the health management system of the Hangzhou Sanatorium of People's Liberation Army...
September 24, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944216/legionella-effector-ankx-disrupts-host-cell-endocytic-recycling-in-a-phosphocholination-dependent-manner
#18
Samual C Allgood, Barbara P Romero Dueñas, Rebecca R Noll, Colleen Pike, Sean Lein, M Ramona Neunuebel
The facultative intracellular bacterium Legionella pneumophila proliferates within amoebae and human alveolar macrophages, and it is the causative agent of Legionnaires' disease, a life-threatening pneumonia. Within host cells, L. pneumophila establishes a replicative haven by delivering numerous effector proteins into the host cytosol, many of which target membrane trafficking by manipulating the function of Rab GTPases. The Legionella effector AnkX is a phosphocholine transferase that covalently modifies host Rab1 and Rab35...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944152/enhanced-biogas-yield-by-thermo-alkali-solubilization-followed-by-co-digestion-of-intestine-waste-from-slaughterhouse-with-food-waste
#19
S Porselvam, N Soundara Vishal, S V Srinivasan
Intestine waste generated from slaughterhouse (IWS) is difficult to degrade in anaerobic process due to the presence of high protein and lipid contents. However, anaerobic co-digestion helps to increase the degradation of IWS by the addition of carbon-rich food waste (FW). To increase the biogas yield, thermo-alkali pretreatment may be more viable method for the anaerobic digestion of protein and lipid rich wastes. In the present study, Thermo-alkali pretreatment of intestine waste from slaughterhouse and food waste alone and mixing of IWS and FW with different ratios (1:1-1:3) on VS basis have been studied...
October 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943908/expression-of-chicken-ovalbumin-upstream-promoter-transcription-factor-ii-and-liver-x-receptor-as-prognostic-indicators-for-human-colorectal-cancer
#20
Seong-Hoon Yun, Min-Gyoung Park, Yu-Mi Kim, Mee-Sook Roh, Joo-In Park
Cholesterol increases the risk of colorectal cancer. Liver X receptor (LXR), retinoid X receptor (RXR)α and sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-1c are transcriptional regulators of lipid metabolism. Chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor II (COUP-TFII) serves an essential role in angiogenesis and development, but its role in cancer is controversial. The expression of COUP-TFII, LXR, RXRα and SREBP-1c in colorectal cancer, as well as their association with clinicopathologic features, was assessed, and their utility as prognostic indicators in colorectal cancer evaluated...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
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