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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913844/systematic-review-of-neuropathic-component-in-persistent-post-surgical-pain
#1
S Haroutiunian, L Nikolajsen, N B Finnerup, T S Jensen
Background/aim The aim of the current study was to assess the neuropathic component of persistent post-surgical pain (PPSP) following eleven types of surgery. Methods We performed a systematic PubMed, CENTRAL and EMBASE search to identify studies on PPSP following (i) thoracic surgery, (ii) breast surgery, (iii) groin hernia repair, (iv) prostatectomy, (v) major abdominal surgery, (vi) gynecologic surgery, (vii) iliac crest bone harvest, (viii) total hip arthroplasty (THA) or knee arthroplasty (TKA), (ix) varicose vein stripping or ablation, (x) mandibular sagittal split osteotomy and (xi) donor nephrectomy, and assessed the prevalence of Probable/Definite neuropathic pain using the recently published neuropathic pain probability grading criteria [1]...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909089/safety-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-benign-diseases-during-pregnancy-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Daisuke Shigemi, Shotaro Aso, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hideo Yasunaga
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare fetal, maternal, and operative outcomes of laparoscopic surgery versus laparotomy for major benign diseases including appendicitis, cholecystitis, adnexal masses, and uterine myoma during pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: The Diagnosis Procedure Combination database, a national inpatient database for acute-care inpatients in Japan. PATIENTS: 6,018 eligible patients underwent abdominal surgery (4,047 laparotomy and 1,971 laparoscopy patients) from July 2010 through March 2016...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907941/the-clinical-outcome-of-postoperative-invasive-fungal-infections-complicating-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#3
Yoav Bichovsky, Leonid Koyfman, Michael Friger, Boris Kirshtein, Abraham Borer, Gilbert Sebbag, Dmitry Frank, Amit Frenkel, Jochanan G Peiser, Moti Klein, Evgeni Brotfain
PURPOSE: Peritonitis is a major complication of bariatric surgery due to direct damage to the natural barriers to infection. Most such secondary peritoneal infections are caused by Gram-negative microorganisms; however, under certain conditions, Candida species can infect the peritoneal cavity following bariatric surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and microbiological data of morbidly obese patients who suffered infectious complications following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) at the Soroka Medical Center between January 2010 and June 2015...
June 15, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907211/comparison-of-dexmedetomidine-versus-propofol-on-hemodynamics-in-surgical-critically-ill-patients
#4
Ya-Fei Chang, Anne Chao, Po-Yuan Shih, Yen-Chun Hsu, Chen-Tse Lee, Yu-Wen Tien, Yu-Chang Yeh, Lee-Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: Sedation with dexmedetomidine and propofol may cause hypotension or bradycardia. This study aimed to compare the effects of dexmedetomidine and propofol on hemodynamics and clinical outcomes in surgical intensive care unit (ICU) patients after major abdominal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Enrolled patients were randomly allocated to the dexmedetomidine or propofol group. Cardiac index was measured using a continuous noninvasive cardiac output monitor on the basis of chest bioreactance...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907197/the-importance-of-presepsin-value-in-detection-of-gastrointestinal-anastomotic-leak-a-pilot-study
#5
Murat Cikot, Pinar Kasapoglu, Nilgun Isiksacan, Sinan Binboga, Osman Kones, Eyup Gemici, Bahadır Kartal, Halil Alis
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of anastomotic leakage is the most important factor in reducing its morbidity and mortality. Anastomotic integrity monitoring of the leukocyte count (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are commonly used laboratory parameters. The availability of follow-up presepsin anastomotic integrity was investigated in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included patients who had gastrointestinal anastomosis due to major abdominal surgery between January 2016 and February 2017...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903511/non-inferiority-of-open-passive-drains-compared-with-closed-suction-drains-in-pancreatic-surgery-outcomes-a-prospective-observational-study
#6
Giovanni Marchegiani, Giampaolo Perri, Alessandra Pulvirenti, Elisabetta Sereni, Anna Maria Azzini, Giuseppe Malleo, Roberto Salvia, Claudio Bassi
BACKGROUND: Policies concerning the management of operatively placed drains after pancreatic surgery are still under debate. Open passive drains and closed-suction drains are both used currently in clinical practice worldwide, but there are no reliable data regarding potential differences in the postoperative outcomes associated with each drain type. The aim of the present study was to compare open passive drains and closed-suction drains with regard to postoperative contamination of the drainage fluid and overall morbidity and mortality...
June 11, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902538/a-multicentre-observational-study-on-management-of-general-anaesthesia-in-elderly-patients-at-high-risk-of-postoperative-adverse-outcomes
#7
Serge Molliex, Sylvie Passot, Jerome Morel, Emmanuel Futier, Jean Yves Lefrant, Jean Michel Constantin, Yannick Le Manach, Bruno Pereira
INTRODUCTION: in elderly patients, goal directed haemodynamic therapy (GDHT), depth of anaesthesia monitoring and lung-protective ventilation have been shown to improve postoperative outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate current practices concerning strategies of anaesthesia optimisation in patients aged ≥ 75 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: a multicentre observational study was performed from February to May 2015 in 23 French academic centres. On 30 consecutive days in each centre, patients ≥ 75 years with at least one major co-morbidity undergoing elective or emergency procedures (femoral-neck fractures surgery, intraperitoneal abdominal surgery or vascular surgery) were included...
June 11, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901596/multiple-gastrointestinal-metastases-of-squamous-cell-lung-cancer-a-case-report
#8
Xinyu Li, Songhe Li, Zhiming Ma, Shutao Zhao, Xudong Wang, Dacheng Wen
RATIONALE: Gastrointestinal multiple metastases of lung cancer are extremely rare. The majority of gastrointestinal metastasis cases are diagnosed at a late stage and the prognosis is extremely poor. This report describes the clinical characteristics and outcomes of a patient with gastrointestinal multiple metastases from squamous-cell lung cancer, with special emphasis on the diagnosis and treatment of metastatic lung cancer. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 61-year-old man who presented with progressive abdominal distention was admitted to our hospital...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901457/cystic-intestinal-pneumatosis-of-the-small-gut-etiopathogenesis-and-review-of-literature
#9
Luca Napolitano, Mathew Waku, Gustavo Maggi, Franco Ciarelli
Cystic intestinal pneumatosis (CIP) is the presence of gas bubbles inside the wall of the intestine. In literature it has been reported to be associated with a variety of clinical conditions such as: superior mesenteric ischemia, intestinal perforation, bowel necrosis, infections which can cause mucosal alterations and therefore increasing its permeability, necrotizing enterocolitis in babies, trauma, intestinal obstruction, autoimmune and pulmonary pathologies. Its presence is usually documented by radiological techniques such as abdominal X-ray, CT scan and endoscopy and are usually characterized by the typical pattern of gas bubbles in the wall of the intestine...
March 19, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898583/disability-after-major-abdominal-surgery-determinants-of-recovery-of-walking-ability-in-elderly-patients
#10
Lucia Petrucci, Serena Monteleone, Susanna Ricotti, Erica Giromini, Mariangela Gullace, Emilia Ambrosini, Giorgio Ferriero, Elena Dalla Toffola
BACKGROUND: Increased life expectancy and improved surgical techniques have led to a sharp rise in healthcare resource consumption by older patients. In these patients early recovery of walking ability after abdominal surgery may shorten length of hospital stay and reduce overall healthcare costs, but it is important to understand what factors determine this recovery. AIM: To assess preoperative and postoperative determinants of walking ability recovery after major abdominal surgery in older patients...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885916/massive-splenomegaly-due-to-b-cell-lymphoma-a-case-report
#11
M Djokic, B Plesnik, M Petric, B Trotovsek
INTRODUCTION: Massive splenomegaly is indicated by spleen weight exceeding 1000 g and largest spleen dimension greater than 20 cm Poulin et al. (1998). In many cases, splenectomy is the treatment of choice for massive splenomegaly because it releases the pressure on adjacent organs and also provides a definitive histopathological diagnosis of the underlying cause Iriyama et al. (2010), Radhakrishnan (2018). PRESENTATION OF CASE: Herein we present a clinical case of disseminated diffuse large B - cell lymphoma, clinical stage IV, with massive splenomegaly...
May 29, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883919/treatment-of-late-identified-iatrogenic-injuries-of-the-right-and-left-hepatic-duct-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-without-transhepatic-stent-and-witzel-drainage-case-report
#12
Zijah Rifatbegovic, Maja Kovacevic, Branka Nikic
INTRODUCTION: Most of the case reports about high type iatrogenic hepatic duct injuries reports how to treat and make Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy below the junction of the liver immediately after this condition is recognised during surgical procedure when the injury was made. Hereby we present a case where we made Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy without transhepatic billiary stent and also without Witzel drainage one month after the iatrogenic injury. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 21-year-old woman suffered from iatrogenic high transectional lesion of both hepatic ducts during laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a local hospital...
May 26, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881282/surgical-injury-comparing-open-surgery-and-laparoscopy-by-markers-of-tissue-damage
#13
Jan Máca, Matúš Peteja, Petr Reimer, Ondřej Jor, Věra Šeděnková, Lucie Panáčková, Peter Ihnát, Michal Burda, Pavel Ševčík
Background: Major abdominal surgery (MAS) is high-risk intervention usually accompanied by tissue injury leading to a release of signaling danger molecules called alarmins. This study evaluates the surgical injury caused by two fundamental types of gastrointestinal surgical procedures (open surgery and laparoscopy) in relation to the inflammation elicited by alarmins. Patients and methods: Patients undergoing MAS were divided into a mixed laparoscopy group (LPS) and an open surgery group (LPT)...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880164/natural-orifice-transluminal-endoscopic-surgery-notes-subtotal-hysterectomy-a-feasibility-study
#14
Hsuan Su, Lulu Huang, Chien-Min Han, Yu-Jen Lin, Chih-Feng Yen, Chyi-Long Lee, Chin-Jung Wang
OBJECTIVE: Hysterectomy via transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has been carried out for benign uterine diseases and nonprolapsed uteri in recent years. Subtotal hysterectomy was performed to remove the uterus with preservation of the cervix by abdominal, laparoscopic, or vaginal routes. The aim of this retrospective study is to gain insight into the feasibility and safety of subtotal hysterectomy through transvaginal NOTES. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is the first case series study to describe the technique and to evaluate the feasibility of this innovative surgical procedure...
June 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880012/albumin-mass-balance-and-kinetics-in-liver-transplantation
#15
Mariam Amouzandeh, Greg Nowak, Anna Januszkiewicz, Jan Wernerman, Olav Rooyackers, Åke Norberg
BACKGROUND: In major abdominal surgery albumin is shifted from the circulation, presumably leaking into the interstitial space, contributing to a 30-40% decrease in plasma albumin concentration. During and after liver transplantation exogenous albumin is infused for volume substitution and to maintain plasma albumin concentration. Here we used liver transplantation as a model procedure for the study of albumin mass balance and kinetics during major abdominal surgery with albumin substitution...
June 7, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878375/a-collaborative-surgical-approach-to-upper-and-lower-abdominal-cytoreductive-surgery-in-ovarian-cancer
#16
Oliver S Eng, Mustafa Raoof, Andrew M Blakely, Xian Yu, Stephen J Lee, Ernest S Han, Mark T Wakabayashi, Bertram Yuh, Byrne Lee, Thanh H Dellinger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cytoreductive surgery with complete macroscopic resection in patients with ovarian cancer is associated with improved survival. Institutional reports of combined upper and lower abdominal cytoreductive surgery for more advanced disease have described multidisciplinary approaches. We sought to investigate outcomes in patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery in patients with upper and lower abdominal disease at our institution. METHODS: Patients who underwent cytoreductive surgery for ovarian malignancies from 2008 to 2015 were retrospectively identified from an institutional database...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875801/indications-for-liver-surgery-in-benign-tumours
#17
Margot Fodor, Florian Primavesi, Eva Braunwarth, Benno Cardini, Thomas Resch, Reto Bale, Daniel Putzer, Benjamin Henninger, Rupert Oberhuber, Manuel Maglione, Christian Margreiter, Stefan Schneeberger, Dietmar Öfner, Stefan Stättner
Background: Management of benign liver tumours (BLT) is still object of discussion. Uncertainty still exists about patient selection, details of management, indications for surgical intervention and potential surgery-related complications. The up-to-date strategies for management of the most common benign solid tumours are recapitulated in this article. In addition, recommendations concerning practical issues are presented. Methods: Available data from peer-reviewed publications associated with the major controversies concerning treatment strategies of solid BLT were selected through a PubMed literature search...
2018: European Surgery: ACA: Acta Chirurgica Austriaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872885/endoscopic-biliary-drainage-management-for-children-with-serious-cholangitis-caused-by-congenital-biliary-dilatation
#18
Bin Sun, DongHai Yu, Ji Chen, YongHui Tang, Han Wu
Congenital biliary dilatation (CBD) is usually associated with complications such as recurrent cholangitis, manifested as abdominal pain, vomiting, and jaundice. If cholangitis cannot be controlled by conservative treatment, a good therapeutic effect can be obtained through percutaneous biliary drainage or open T-tube drainage. We aimed to evaluate our experiences in biliary drainage through endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in children with cholangitis caused by CBD. From January 2014 to December 2017, 167 children with CBD were treated in our hospital...
June 5, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872554/phosphodiesterase-5-inhibition-reduces-postoperative-metastatic-disease-by-targeting-surgery-induced-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cell-dependent-inhibition-of-natural-killer-cell-cytotoxicity
#19
Lee-Hwa Tai, Almohanad A Alkayyal, Amanda L Leslie, Shalini Sahi, Sean Bennett, Christiano Tanese de Souza, Katherine Baxter, Leonard Angka, Rebecca Xu, Michael A Kennedy, Rebecca C Auer
Cancer surgery while necessary for primary tumor removal, has been shown to induce immune suppression and promote metastases in preclinical models and human cancer surgery patients. Activating the immune system and reversing immunosuppression have emerged as promising ways to treat cancer and they can be safely employed in the perioperative period. In this study, we evaluated the immunotherapeutic potential of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors to target surgery-induced myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) and restore natural killer (NK) cell function in the clinically relevant perioperative period...
2018: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872335/sublingual-sufentanil-for-postoperative-pain-relief-first-clinical-experiences
#20
Fleur Meijer, Petra Cornelissen, Corina Sie, Michel Wagemans, Anja Mars, Tiny Hobma, Marieke Niesters, Albert Dahan, J Seppe Koopman, Monique Ah Steegers
Background: The sublingual sufentanil tablet system (SSTS) is a novel hand-held patient-controlled analgesia device developed for treatment of moderate-to-severe postoperative pain. Here we present the first results of its clinical use. Methods: Adult patients undergoing major surgery in five hospitals in the Netherlands received the SSTS for postoperative pain relief as part of multimodal pain management that further included paracetamol and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
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