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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054042/spontaneous-hemoperitoneum-in-pregnancy-ship-and-endometriosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-recent-literature
#1
REVIEW
Marit C I Lier, Romana F Malik, Johannes C F Ket, Cornelis B Lambalk, Ivo A Brosens, Velja Mijatovic
Spontaneous Hemoperitoneum in Pregnancy (SHiP), an unprovoked (nontraumatic) intraperitoneal bleeding in pregnancy (up to 42days postpartum), is associated with serious adverse pregnancy outcomes. To evaluate the clinical consequences of SHiP and its association with endometriosis, a systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Embase.com and Thomson Reuters/Web of Science were searched for articles published since the latest review (August 2008) until September 2016. After assessment for eligibility, forty-four articles were included in this systematic review, describing 59 cases of SHiP...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045482/influence-on-number-of-top-ups-after-implementing-patient-controlled-epidural-analgesia-a-cohort-study
#2
Ganapathy van Samkar, Henning Hermanns, Philipp Lirk, Markus W Hollmann, Markus F Stevens
Postoperative epidural analgesia often needs rate readjustment using top-ups. Patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) is said to reduce the requirement of epidural top-ups when compared to continuous epidural analgesia (CEA). We compared CEA and PCEA in major thoracic and abdominal surgery, in a cohort study. The primary endpoint was the required number of epidural top-ups. Secondary endpoints were pain scores, side effects and workload differences. We analysed 199 patients with CEA and 187 with PCEA. Both groups had similar pain scores...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045432/inflammatory-response-and-oxidative-stress-during-liver-resection
#3
Christoph Schwarz, Fabian Fitschek, David Bar-Or, Daniel A Klaus, Bianca Tudor, Edith Fleischmann, Georg Roth, Dietmar Tamandl, Thomas Wekerle, Michael Gnant, Martin Bodingbauer, Klaus Kaczirek
BACKGROUND: Postoperative complications are still a major concern after liver resection (LR). Systemic inflammation and deregulated reactive oxygen species during major abdominal surgery may impair outcome after hepatectomy. METHODS: Patients undergoing LR were included in this study (n = 40). Oxidative stress (OS) was measured peri- and post-operatively as static oxidation-reduction potential markers (sORP) and antioxidant capacity ORP (cORP) by using the RedoxSYS Diagnostic system...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034833/drug-therapy-for-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-utilizing-omega-3-unsaturated-fatty-acids-and-their-derivatives
#4
Daisuke Akagi, Katsuyuki Hoshina, Toshiaki Watanabe, Micheal S Conte
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are life-threatening because of the potential for rupture, resulting in death. The current standard treatment for AAA is surgery, comprising laparotomic graft replacement and endovascular repair. However, because surgery carries the risk of major complications and re-intervention, medical therapies are desirable because they may reduce the occurrence of enlargement and rupture. Recent research shows that the progression of AAA is related to inflammatory reactions, especially those in the NF-kB pathway...
October 13, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033572/role-of-heart-rate-variability-in-preoperative-assessment-of-physiological-reserves-in-patients-undergoing-major-abdominal-surgery
#5
Petr Reimer, Jan Máca, Pavel Szturz, Ondřej Jor, Roman Kula, Pavel Ševčík, Michal Burda, Milan Adamus
BACKGROUND: Major abdominal surgery (MAS) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The main objective of our study was to evaluate the predictive value of heart-rate variability (HRV) concerning development of postoperative complications in patients undergoing MAS. The secondary objectives were to identify the relationship of HRV and use of vasoactive drugs during anesthesia, intensive care unit length of stay (ICU-LOS), and hospital length of stay (H-LOS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-five patients scheduled for elective MAS were enrolled in a prospective, single-center, observational study...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033359/immediate-postoperative-plasma-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-to-predict-acute-kidney-injury-after-major-open-abdominal-aortic-surgery-a-prospective-observational-study
#6
Philippe Guerci, Jean-Louis Claudot, Emmanuel Novy, Nicla Settembre, Jean-Marc Lalot, Marie-Reine Losser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025455/the-burden-of-gunshot-injuries-on-orthopaedic-healthcare-resources-in-south-africa
#7
Case Martin, Gerhard Thiart, Graham McCollum, Stephen Roche, Sithombo Maqungo
BACKGROUND: Injuries inflicted by gunshot wounds (GSWs) are an immense burden on the South African (SA) healthcare system. In 2005, Allard and Burch estimated SA state hospitals treated approximately 127 000 firearm victims annually and concluded that the cost of treating an abdominal GSW was approximately USD1 467 per patient. While the annual number of GSW injuries has decreased over the past decade, an estimated 54 870 firearm-related injuries occurred in SA in 2012. No study has estimated the burden of these GSWs from an orthopaedic perspective...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017862/emergency-repair-of-upper-extremity-large-soft-tissue-and-vascular-injuries-with-flow-through-anterolateral-thigh-free-flaps
#8
Yi Zhan, Guo Fu, Xiang Zhou, Bo He, Li-Wei Yan, Qing-Tang Zhu, Li-Qiang Gu, Xiao-Lin Liu, Jian Qi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Complex extremity trauma commonly involves both soft tissue and vascular injuries. Traditional two-stage surgical repair may delay rehabilitation and functional recovery, as well as increase the risk of infections. We report a single-stage reconstructive surgical method that repairs soft tissue defects and vascular injuries with flow-through free flaps to improve functional outcomes. METHODS: Between March 2010 and December 2016 in our hospital, 5 patients with severe upper extremity trauma received single-stage reconstructive surgery, in which a flow-through anterolateral thigh free flap was applied to repair soft tissue defects and vascular injuries simultaneously...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016446/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-acute-pancreatitis-following-scoliosis-surgery-a-prospective-study
#9
Fan Feng, Haining Tan, Xingye Li, Yi Qiao, Chong Chen, Youxi Lin, Zheng Li, Jianxiong Shen
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of acute pancreatitis after scoliosis surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pancreatitis has been recognized as a possible complication of extra-abdominal surgeries. However, there were few reports on the incidence and risk factors of acute pancreatitis following scoliosis surgery. METHODS: A prospective clinical study was performed at our center from September 2014 to October 2015...
October 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992838/-sparse-knowledge-about-patient-reported-outcomes-after-major-emergency-abdominal-surgery
#10
EDITORIAL
Jakob Ohm Oreskov, Sarah Ekeløf, Jakob Burcharth, Ismail Gøgenur
Little is known about patient-reported outcomes after major emergency abdominal surgery. Studies on patients undergoing major elective abdominal surgery and patients in the intensive care unit report significant challenges with chronic pain, functional impairment, quality of life, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Approximately one out of three patients experience chronic pain and functional impairment after major emergency abdominal surgery. The magnitude of depression and PTSD after major emergency abdominal surgery have not been studied before...
October 9, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988059/ionizing-diagnostic-radiation-exposure-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-a-retrospective-study-in-a-medium-hospital-and-its-predictive-factors
#11
Esther Merino Rodríguez, Elisa Carrera Alonso, Miguel Torralba González de Suso, Marta Sánchez da Silva, María Martínez López, María Dolores Sánchez-Tembleque Zarandona
INTRODUCTION: It is estimated that diagnostic medical radiation exposure may be responsable for 0.5-2% of cancers worldwide. Because of the relapsing course of Crohn's disease (CD), these patients usually requiere multiple ionizing radiation test. OBJECTIVE: Stimating the total cumulative effective dose received by our CD patients and identifying the risk factors associated with the exposure to a cumulative effective dose due to the disease (CEED) > 50mSv. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study (2001-2014)...
October 4, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986551/towards-remote-assessment-and-screening-of-acute-abdominal-pain-using-only-a-smartphone-with-native-accelerometers
#12
David R Myers, Alexander Weiss, Margo R Rollins, Wilbur A Lam
Smartphone-based telehealth holds the promise of shifting healthcare from the clinic to the home, but the inability for clinicians to conduct remote palpation, or touching, a key component of the physical exam, remains a major limitation. This is exemplified in the assessment of acute abdominal pain, in which a physician's palpation determines if a patient's pain is life-threatening requiring emergency intervention/surgery or due to some less-urgent cause. In a step towards virtual physical examinations, we developed and report for the first time a "touch-capable" mHealth technology that enables a patient's own hands to serve as remote surrogates for the physician's in the screening of acute abdominal pain...
October 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983688/inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-patients-with-hirschsprung-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
H Nakamura, T Lim, P Puri
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis (HAEC) continues to be an important cause of morbidity in patients with Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR). HAEC can occur at any time during the course of the disease. The reported incidence of HAEC before surgery ranges from 6 to 50%, and after surgery, it ranges from 2 to 35%. HAEC and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have similar clinical presentation including diarrhea, hematochezia, and abdominal pain. In recent years, isolated cases of IBD have been reported in patients who had surgical treatment for HSCR...
October 5, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982221/pancreatoduodenectomy-in-a-public-versus-private-teaching-hospital-is-comparable-with-some-minor-variations
#14
Terence C Chua, Anubhav Mittal, Chris Nahm, Thomas J Hugh, Jenny Arena, Anthony J Gill, Jaswinder S Samra
BACKGROUND: The impact of the public and private hospital systems on major abdominal operations that are demanding on clinical resources, such as pancreatic surgery, has not been explored in an Australian setting. This study examines the perioperative outcome of patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) at a major public and private hospital. METHODS: Patients undergoing PD between January 2004 and October 2015 were classified based on their health insurance status and location of where the surgery was performed...
October 5, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981596/early-mobilization-programme-improves-functional-capacity-after-major-abdominal-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
E P M de Almeida, J P de Almeida, G Landoni, F R B G Galas, J T Fukushima, E Fominskiy, C M M de Brito, L B L Cavichio, L A A de Almeida, U Ribeiro-Jr, E A Osawa, M P E Diz, R B Cecatto, L R Battistella, L A Hajjar
Background: Major abdominal oncology surgery is associated with substantial postoperative loss of functional capacity, and exercise may be an effective intervention to improve outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess efficacy, feasibility and safety of a supervised postoperative exercise programme. Methods: We performed a single-blind, parallel-arm, randomized trial in patients who underwent major abdominal oncology surgery in a tertiary university hospital...
September 13, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979989/association-of-health-literacy-with-postoperative-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-major-abdominal-surgery
#16
Jesse P Wright, Gretchen C Edwards, Kathryn Goggins, Vikram Tiwari, Amelia Maiga, Kelvin Moses, Sunil Kripalani, Kamran Idrees
Importance: Low health literacy is known to adversely affect health outcomes in patients with chronic medical conditions. To our knowledge, the association of health literacy with postoperative outcomes has not been studied in-depth in a surgical patient population. Objective: To evaluate the association of health literacy with postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: From November 2010 to December 2013, 1239 patients who were undergoing elective gastric, colorectal, hepatic, and pancreatic resections for both benign and malignant disease at a single academic institution were retrospectively reviewed...
October 4, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975996/laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-tumors-of-the-head-of-pancreas-10-cases-for-a-single-center-experience
#17
F Caruso, G Alessandri, G Cesana, G Castello, M Uccelli, F Ciccarese, R Giorgi, R Villa, B Scotto, S Olmi
OBJECTIVE: The tumors of the head of the pancreas are one of the leading causes of cancer-related death in Western countries. The current gold standard for these tumors is a Whipple procedure. This procedure did not change in its surgical steps since when it was initially introduced in 1935. More recently, a laparoscopic approach with similar outcomes has been described. The aim of this paper is to describe the laparoscopic surgical technique performed in our unit, reporting single center postoperative outcomes...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973220/effect-of-individualized-vs-standard-blood-pressure-management-strategies-on-postoperative-organ-dysfunction-among-high-risk-patients-undergoing-major-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Emmanuel Futier, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Pierre-Gregoire Guinot, Thomas Godet, Emmanuel Lorne, Philippe Cuvillon, Sebastien Bertran, Marc Leone, Bruno Pastene, Vincent Piriou, Serge Molliex, Jacques Albanese, Jean-Michel Julia, Benoit Tavernier, Etienne Imhoff, Jean-Etienne Bazin, Jean-Michel Constantin, Bruno Pereira, Samir Jaber
Importance: Perioperative hypotension is associated with an increase in postoperative morbidity and mortality, but the appropriate management strategy remains uncertain. Objective: To evaluate whether an individualized blood pressure management strategy tailored to individual patient physiology could reduce postoperative organ dysfunction. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Intraoperative Norepinephrine to Control Arterial Pressure (INPRESS) study was a multicenter, randomized, parallel-group clinical trial conducted in 9 French university and nonuniversity hospitals...
October 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969760/biliary-leak-in-the-postsurgical-abdomen-a-primer-to-hida-scan-interpretation
#19
REVIEW
Manuela Matesan, Mohammed Bermo, Irene Cruite, Cheng-Han Shih, Saeed Elojeimy, Fatemeh Behnia, David Lewis, Hubert Vesselle
Postsurgical bile leaks can be associated with significant morbidity and even mortality, if not identified and treated at an early phase. Hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scan is an important test for detection of bile leaks in the postoperative abdomen. However, the lack of anatomical details on planar images can make interpretation difficult, especially in the setting of altered postsurgical anatomy. Familiarity with the expected postoperative appearance on HIDA scan and correlation with SPECT/CT or other imaging modalities when available are very important...
November 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964696/factor-viii-elevation-may-contribute-to-portomesenteric-vein-thrombosis-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-multicenter-review-of-40-patients
#20
Manish Parikh, Andrew Adelsheimer, Eduardo Somoza, John K Saunders, Akuezunkpa Ude Welcome, Patricia Chui, Christine Ren-Fielding, Marina Kurian, George Fielding, Ajay Chopra, Richie Goriparthi, Mitchell Roslin, Che Afaneh, Alfons Pomp, Edward Chin, H Leon Pachter
BACKGROUND: Portomesenteric vein thrombosis (PMVT) has been increasingly reported after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Factor VIII (FVIII) is a plasma sialoglycoprotein that plays an essential role in hemostasis. There is increasing evidence that FVIII elevation constitutes a clinically important risk factor for venous thrombosis. OBJECTIVES: To report the prevalence of FVIII elevation as well as other clinical characteristics in a multicenter series of patients who developed PMVT after LSG...
August 30, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
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