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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455017/thrombectomy-devices-in-the-treatment-of-acute-mesenteric-ischemia-initial-single-center-experience
#1
Bruno Freitas, Yvonne Bausback, Johannes Schuster, Matthias Ulrich, Sven Bräunlich, Andrej Schmidt, Dierk Scheinert
INTRODUCTION: To report our preliminary experience with endovascular revascularization of patients with acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI), using thrombectomy devices. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients admitted to our hospital due to AMI and who were subjected to concomitant or exclusive endovascular treatment, from January 2011 to January 2016. Patients were admitted at the emergency department, underwent imaging investigation and were referred to the endovascular specialist...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454501/postoperative-inflammation-and-insulin-resistance-in-relation-to-body-composition-adiposity-and-carbohydrate-treatment-a-randomised-controlled-study
#2
Nilanjana Tewari, Sherif Awad, František Duška, Julian P Williams, Andrew Bennett, Ian A Macdonald, Dileep N Lobo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aims of this study were to identify whether differences in distribution of adipose tissue and skeletal muscle in obese and non-obese individuals contribute to the magnitude of the postoperative inflammatory response and insulin resistance, with and without preoperative treatment with carbohydrate drinks. METHODS: Thirty-two adults (16 obese/16 non-obese) undergoing elective major open abdominal surgery participated in this 2 × 2 factorial, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438817/the-outcomes-and-complications-of-pancreaticoduodenectomy-whipple-procedure-cross-sectional-study
#3
Sherko Abdullah Molah Karim, Karzan Seerwan Abdulla, Qalandar Hussein Abdulkarim, Fattah Hama Rahim
BACKGROUND: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is one of the most difficult and complex surgery that carries a high rate of major complications, including delayed gastric emptying (DGE), pancreatic fistula, bleeding, intra-abdominal collection, and pulmonary complications. In this study, we have tried to demonstrate the outcomes, and rates of complications from patients who had undergone this procedure by our surgical team. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study has been constructed on 98 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy from May 2010 to November 2017 in three different hospitals of the Sulaimanyah governorate in the Kurdistan region of Iraq by the same surgical team...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433986/surgical-and-oncological-outcomes-in-patients-after-vascularised-flap-reconstruction-for-locoregionally-advanced-penile-cancer
#4
Sarah R Ottenhof, Andrew Leone, Rosa S Djajadiningrat, Mounsif Azizi, Kamran Zargar, Laura C Kidd, Gregory Diorio, Gerard Mosiello, Niels M Graafland, Philippe E Spiess, Simon Horenblas
BACKGROUND: Treatment of locoregionally advanced penile squamous cell carcinoma (LAPSCC) is challenging. The exact role (in terms of oncological benefit) of extensive surgery is not well established. Moreover, surgery invariably leads to large defects requiring reconstructive surgery. Rectus abdominis myocutaneous (RAM) and abdominal advancement flaps have an independent and constant blood supply, are easily harvested, and provide substantial skin coverage and soft tissue. OBJECTIVE: To determine the surgical and oncological outcomes in patients with LAPSCC undergoing surgical resection with RAM flaps...
February 9, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433873/impact-of-repeated-abdominal-surgery-on-wound-healing-and-myeloid-cell-dynamics
#5
Gunes Esendagli, Digdem Yoyen-Ermis, Emil Guseinov, Cigdem Aras, Cisel Aydin, Aysegul Uner, Erhan Hamaloglu, Derya Karakoc
BACKGROUND: Even though wound dehiscence is a surgical complication, under certain medical conditions, repetition of the laparotomy (LT) (relaparotomy) can become inevitable. In addition to the risks associated with this surgical operation, relaparotomy can interfere with the tissue healing and contribute to the development of chronic wounds. METHODS: In an experimental relaparotomy wounding model, this study investigated the impact of repeated surgery on wound healing and on the immune cells of myeloid origin...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429776/interventional-treatment-experience-in-multiple-injury-with-major-abdominal-or-pelvic-injuries-160-cases-analysis
#6
Tian-Xi Zhang, Mei Han, Peng Ye, Quan Hu, Jia-Lin Li, Ling Yin, An-Yong Yu
PURPOSE: To observe the therapeutic effect of interventional embolization and haemorrhage control in multiple trauma patients with a major abdominal or pelvic injury. METHODS: Data of 160 multiple trauma patients with a major abdominal or pelvic injury were retrospectively analyzed. They were admitted into the Department of Emergency of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College from October 2013 to April 2016. Eighty-seven patients who received emergent intervention for embolization and haemorrhage control were set as group A, including 72 males and 15 females, with an average age of (39...
January 31, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429527/a-comparison-of-three-methods-to-assess-body-composition
#7
Nilanjana Tewari, Sherif Awad, Ian A Macdonald, Dileep N Lobo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of measurements of body composition made using dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), analysis of computed tomography (CT) scans at the L3 vertebral level, and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). METHODS: DXA, CT, and BIA were performed in 47 patients recruited from two clinical trials investigating metabolic changes associated with major abdominal surgery or neoadjuvant chemotherapy for esophagogastric cancer...
March 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427134/acute-kidney-injury-in-major-abdominal-surgery-incidence-risk-factors-pathogenesis-and-outcomes
#8
REVIEW
Joana Gameiro, José Agapito Fonseca, Marta Neves, Sofia Jorge, José António Lopes
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Various recent studies using modern standardized classifications for AKI reported a variable incidence of AKI after major abdominal surgery ranging from 3 to 35%. Several patient-related, procedure-related factors and postoperative complications were identified as risk factors for AKI in this setting. AKI following major abdominal surgery has been shown to be associated with poor short- and long-term outcomes...
February 9, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426837/association-of-cd14-rs2569190-polymorphism-with-mortality-in-shock-septic-patients-who-underwent-major-cardiac-or-abdominal-surgery-a-retrospective-study
#9
María Ángeles Jiménez-Sousa, Pilar Liu, Luz María Medrano, Amanda Fernández-Rodríguez, Raquel Almansa, Esther Gómez-Sánchez, Lucía Rico, Mario Lorenzo, Alejandra Fadrique, Eduardo Tamayo, Salvador Resino
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the CD14 rs2569190 polymorphism and death related to septic shock in white European patients who underwent major cardiac or abdominal surgery. We carried out a retrospective study in 205 septic shock patients. The septic shock diagnosis was established by international consensus definitions. The outcome variable was the death within 28, 60 and 90 days after septic shock diagnosis. The CD14 rs2569190 polymorphism was analyzed by Agena Bioscience's MassARRAY platform...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423173/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-cpet-in-the-united-kingdom-a-national-survey-of-the-structure-conduct-interpretation-and-funding
#10
T Reeves, S Bates, T Sharp, K Richardson, S Bali, J Plumb, H Anderson, J Prentis, M Swart, D Z H Levett
Background: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is an exercise stress test with concomitant expired gas analysis that provides an objective, non-invasive measure of functional capacity under stress. CPET-derived variables predict postoperative morbidity and mortality after major abdominal and thoracic surgery. Two previous surveys have reported increasing utilisation of CPET preoperatively in England. We aimed to evaluate current CPET practice in the UK, to identify who performs CPET, how it is performed, how the data generated are used and the funding models...
2018: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423155/successful-surgical-treatment-for-huge-retroperitoneal-liposarcoma-involving-the-pancreas-right-kidney-abdominal-aorta-and-inferior-vena-cava
#11
Mariko Tanaka, Toshiyasu Kawahara, Takahiro Nishikoshi, Masahiro Hagiwara, Koji Imai, Kimiharu Hasegawa, Atsuhiro Koya, Naoto Matsuno, Hidehiro Takei, Nobuyoshi Azuma, Hiroyuki Furukawa
Retroperitoneal liposarcoma is a rare neoplasm that often involves other organs and major blood vessels. Complete surgical resection with negative margins is the only potential curative treatment. Here, we report the case of a patient with a large retroperitoneum liposarcoma that was removed by resection of the descending abdominal aorta and infrahepatic inferior vena cava, right nephrectomy and pancreatoduodenectomy following creation of an extra anatomical femoro-femoral crossover bypass after left axillo-left femoral bypass...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422726/audit-of-postoperative-surgical-intensive-care-unit-admissions
#12
Shaili K Patel, Samir M Kacheriwala, Dipesh D Duttaroy
Objective: The objective of this study was to conduct an audit of Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU) for identifying the admission risk factors and evaluating the outcomes of postoperative surgical patients. Design: This was a prospective, observational study. Setting: This study was conducted at SICU of a 1500-bedded tertiary care university hospital in Western India. Subject and Methods: Two hundred and forty patients admitted to the SICU postoperatively over a period of 15 months...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421425/a-custom-made-treovance%C3%A2-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-endograft-to-correct-late-failure-of-trombone-technique-with-a-tube-endograft
#13
George S Georgiadis, Christos Argyriou, Christina D Valsamidou, Alexandrina S Nikova, Miltos K Lazarides
PURPOSE: Unfavorable anatomy is one of the major limitations of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) with specifically, adverse proximal neck morphology excluding many patients from receiving the standard endograft devices. Thoracic tube endografts have been used to overcome the issue of wide infrarenal necks, either as a sole device (single tubes or double tubes using the trombone technique) or as the proximal part of a bifurcated device fixed to the aortic bifurcation or infrarenally oriented...
February 5, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417245/laparoscopic-versus-open-approach-for-formal-right-and-left-hepatectomy-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#14
Francesca Tozzi, Giammauro Berardi, Maaike Vierstraete, Meidai Kasai, Luis Abreu de Carvalho, Marco Vivarelli, Roberto Montalti, Roberto Ivan Troisi
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic liver surgery is expanding worldwide, but further evidence is needed to assess safety and efficacy of laparoscopic major hepatectomy. The study analyzes perioperative outcomes of pure laparoscopic versus open major hepatectomies matched by the propensity score method. METHODS: From 2005 to 2017, 268 major hepatectomies were performed of which 73 were laparoscopic. After a 1:1 propensity score matching, 59 laparoscopic right and left hepatectomies were compared to 59 open...
February 7, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416908/acute-tetraplegia-following-laryngotracheal-reconstruction-surgery
#15
Belgin Erhan, Rahsan Kemerdere, Osman Kizilkilic, Berrin Gunduz, Murat Hanci
Background: Paraplegia following thoracic spinal surgery or abdominal operations is usually attributed to spinal cord ischemia due to interruption of the segmental spinal vascular supply. Alternatively, the etiology of spinal cord ischemia following cervical surgery is less clear. Case Description: A 14-year-old male became acutely tetraplegic with a C4 sensory level and sphincteric dysfunction 12 h following surgery for tracheal stenosis due to prior intubation...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416273/this-challenging-procedure-has-successful-outcomes-laparoscopic-nephrectomy-in-inflammatory-renal-diseases
#16
Siddharth Jain, Sudhir K Jain, Ram C M Kaza, Yashasvi Singh
In prospective study from November 2011- November 2013, we performed 44 laparoscopic nephrectomies for benign non-functioning kidney diseases. Twenty eight patients underwent laparoscopic transperitoneal nephrectomies (63.6%), ten were laparoscopic assisted (22.7%) and six (13.6%) were converted to open. Patient's age, gender, laterality and etiology of renal failure were noted. Outcomes were measured as operative time, intraoperative and post operative complications, blood loss, pain score and hospital stay...
January 2018: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415192/chilaiditi-s-syndrome-causing-high-grade-small-bowel-obstruction-requiring-exploratory-laparotomy
#17
Daniel Fiumecaldo, Lauren Buck
Chilaiditi's sign is a radiological finding that occurs when the small or large intestine is positioned superior to the liver in the sub-diaphragmatic space. This is typically an asymptomatic radiological sign, but when symptoms occur, e.g., abdominal pain, nausea, emesis, it is termed Chilaiditi's syndrome. Currently, majority of the cases of Chilaiditi's syndrome, described in the literature, requiring operative intervention are due to large bowel obstruction or colonic volvulus. The following is a single case report of a patient presenting to Keesler Medical Center in Biloxi, Mississippi...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411065/the-results-of-in-situ-prosthetic-graft-replacement-for-infected-aortic-disease
#18
Youngjin Han, Tae-Won Kwon, Sang Jun Park, Min-Jae Jeong, Kyunghak Choi, Gi-Young Ko, Sang-Oh Lee, Yong-Pil Cho
BACKGROUND: Infected aortic disease is a serious clinical condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This study reviewed the outcomes of in situ aortic replacement with a prosthetic graft for infected aortic disease, including primary infected abdominal aortic aneurysms (PIAAA), infected aortic prosthetic grafts (IAPG), and infected aortic stent grafts (IASG). METHODS: Twenty-eight consecutive patients who underwent in situ aortic replacement with a prosthetic graft for PIAAA, IAPG, and IASG at a single center from January 2001 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
February 6, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410688/management-and-outcome-of-heterotopic-interstitial-pregnancy-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#19
REVIEW
Wendy Dendas, Jean-Christophe Schobbens, Greet Mestdagh, Liesbeth Meylaerts, Geert Verswijvel, Caroline Van Holsbeke
Objective: To report a case of heterotopic interstitial pregnancy after in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET), presenting with a second trimester uterine rupture. To review the clinical presentations, risk factors, treatment options, and outcome of heterotopic interstitial pregnancies. Methods: We describe the clinical presentation, management, and outcome of a patient with a heterotopic interstitial pregnancy, diagnosed following second trimester rupture of the interstitial pregnancy...
August 2017: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409114/is-bmi-associated-with-post-operative-complication-risk-among-patients-undergoing-major-abdominal-surgery-for-cancer-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Tasha M Hughes, Kejal Shah, Sabrena Noria, Timothy Pawlik
We systematically reviewed 118 studies comparing peri-operative outcomes among obese and non-obese patients. Obesity was associated with longer operative time in 60% of available studies. Just 35.8% of studies that evaluated overall morbidity identified high morbidity in obese patients. Lymph node yield or surgical margin status, was only affected by obesity in 19.6% of studies. In this review obesity was frequently found to have no effect on peri-operative and oncologic outcomes.
February 6, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
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