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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717904/a-description-of-deaths-following-emergency-abdominal-surgery
#1
Henrik Wolsted, Ann Merete Møller, Mai-Britt Tolstrup, Morten Vester-Andersen
OBJECTIVE: Emergency major abdominal surgery carries a high mortality rate. The aim of this present study was to characterize a population of deceased abdominal surgical patients, to examine how many died unexpectedly and how many were subject to treatment limitations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included adult emergency abdominal surgical patients who died within 30 days postoperatively. We collected data from January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2014, in a Danish tertiary care hospital (Herlev)...
July 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716031/a-rare-case-of-intradural-and-extramedullary-epidermoid-cyst-after-repetitive-epidural-anesthesia-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Haruki Funao, Norihiro Isogai, Kenshi Daimon, Yuichiro Mima, Hitoshi Sugiura, Takahiro Koyanagi, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Ken Ishii
BACKGROUND: Spinal epidermoid cysts are benign tumors, which are rarely seen as an intradural extramedullary spinal cord tumor in the conus medullaris region. Acquired spinal epidermoid cysts are mostly caused by iatrogenic procedures, such as lumbar puncture, and the majority of acquired spinal epidermoid cysts have been reported below the L1 level, because lumbar puncture is usually performed around the iliac crest. Here, we report an extremely rare case of an epidermoid cyst that occurred as an intradural and extramedullary spinal cord tumor attached to the conus medullaris after repetitive epidural anesthesia...
July 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712177/analysis-of-two-years-cases-of-ectopic-pregnancy
#3
Ansa Islam, Aneesa Fawad, Azmat Ali Shah, Humaira Jadoon, Iram Sarwar, Aziz-Un-Nisa Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancy is the leading cause of pregnancy related deaths in the first trimester. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of risk factors, clinical presentation, diagnostic methods and site of ectopic pregnancy. METHODS: This descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in Gynaecology and Obstetrical Unit-A of Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad from 1st October 2013 to 31st October 2015. All women diagnosed with ectopic pregnancy were included in the study...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711400/thirty-day-outcomes-after-fenestrated-endovascular-repair-are-superior-to-open-repair-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-involving-visceral-vessels
#4
Prateek K Gupta, Reshma Brahmbhatt, Kelly Kempe, Shaun M Stickley, Michael J Rohrer
OBJECTIVE: Although few studies have reported outcomes after branched or fenestrated endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (FEVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms involving visceral vessels (AAA-Vs), no multi-institutional study has compared FEVAR with open surgery (OS) for AAA-Vs. Our objective was to compare 30-day outcomes after FEVAR vs OS for AAA-Vs. METHODS: Patients who underwent FEVAR (n = 535) and OS (n = 1207) for elective AAA-Vs were identified from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) 2008 to 2013 database...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709478/erratum-to-fluid-therapy-recommendations-for-major-abdominal-surgery-via-rica-recommendations-revisited-part-iii-goal-directed-hemodynamic-therapy-rationale-for-maintaining-vascular-tone-and-contractility-rev-esp-anestesiol-reanim-2017-64-6-348-359
#5
J Ripollés-Melchor, D Chappell, H D Aya, Á Espinosa, M G Mythen, A Abad-Gurumeta, S D Bergese, R Casans-Francés, J M Calvo-Vecino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709477/erratum-to-fluid-therapy-recommendations-for-major-abdominal-surgery-via-rica-recommendations-revisited-part-ii-goal-directed-hemodynamic-therapy-rationale-for-optimising-intravascular-volume-rev-esp-anestesiol-reanim-2017-64-6-339-347
#6
J Ripollés-Melchor, D Chappell, H D Aya, Á Espinosa, M G Mythen, A Abad-Gurumeta, S D Bergese, R Casans-Francés, J M Calvo-Vecino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709476/erratum-to-perioperative-fluid-therapy-recommendations-for-major-abdominal-surgery-via-rica-recommendations-revisited-part-i-physiological-background-rev-esp-anestesiol-reanim-2017-64-6-328-338
#7
J Ripollés-Melchor, D Chappell, Á Espinosa, M G Mythen, A Abad-Gurumeta, S D Bergese, R Casans-Francés, J M Calvo-Vecino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705592/effect-of-perioperative-intravenous-lidocaine-infusion-on-postoperative-recovery-following-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Xiaoli Song, Yanxia Sun, Xiaomei Zhang, Tianzuo Li, Binbin Yang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Intravenous lidocaine infusion has been shown to facilitate postoperative recovery after major abdominal surgery. The current randomized controlled study was performed to assess the effect of perioperative intravenous lidocaine infusion on pain intensity, bowel function and cytokine response after larparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Eighty patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly allocated to receive intravenous lidocaine (bolus injection of 1...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700473/diagnostic-value-of-plasma-ngal-and-intraoperative-diuresis-for-aki-after-major-gynecological-surgery-in-patients-treated-within-an-intraoperative-goal-directed-hemodynamic-algorithm-a-substudy-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Oliver Hunsicker, Aarne Feldheiser, Andreas Weimann, David Liehre, Jalid Sehouli, Klaus-Dieter Wernecke, Claudia Spies
Data on early markers for acute kidney injury (AKI) after noncardiovascular surgery are still limited. This study aimed to determine the diagnostic value of plasma neutrophil-gelatinase-associated lipocalin (pNGAL) and intraoperative diuresis for AKI in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery treated within a goal-directed hemodynamic algorithm.This study is a post-hoc analysis of a randomized controlled pilot trial comparing intravenous solutions within a hemodynamic goal-directed algorithm based on the esophageal Doppler in patients undergoing epithelial ovarian cancer surgery...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698794/robotic-right-segmental-hepatectomy-for-the-treatment-of-a-giant-hepatic-hemangioma-a-case-report
#10
Christoforos Efthimiadis, Aristeidis Ioannidis, Marios Grigoriou, Konstantinia Kofina, Michael Lazaridis, Christoforos Kosmidis
Hemangioma is the most common benign hepatic tumor. We present the case of a patient with a giant symptomatic hemangioma, treated with segmental liver resection using the Da Vinci Robotic System. A 38-year-old woman presented to our surgical out-patient Department complaining about abdominal discomfort and recurrent episodes of acute abdominal pain. CT-scan and MRI imaging of the abdomen revealed the presence of a giant hepatic hemangioma (>5 cm) involving segments VI and VII. Robotic right segmental hepatectomy was performed...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698017/stepwise-introduction-of-laparoscopic-liver-surgery-validation-of-guideline-recommendations
#11
Marcel J van der Poel, Floor Huisman, Olivier R Busch, Mohammad Abu Hilal, Thomas M van Gulik, Pieter J Tanis, Marc G Besselink
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled introduction of laparoscopic liver surgery (LLS) could compromise postoperative outcomes. A stepwise introduction of LLS combined with structured training is advised. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of such a stepwise introduction. METHODS: A retrospective, single-center case series assessing short term outcomes of all consecutive LLS in the period November 2006-January 2017. The technique was implemented in a stepwise fashion. To evaluate the impact of this stepwise approach combined with structured training, outcomes of LLS before and after a laparoscopic HPB fellowship were compared...
July 8, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697317/management-of-malignant-bowel-obstruction-associated-with-gi-cancers
#12
Aaron J Franke, Atif Iqbal, Jason S Starr, Rajesh M Nair, Thomas J George
For many patients with GI malignancies, the seeding of the abdominal cavity with tumor cells, called peritoneal carcinomatosis, is a common mode of metastases and disease progression. Prognosis for patients with this aspect of their disease remains poor, with high disease-related morbidity and complications. Uniform and proven practices that provide optimal palliative care and quality of life for these patients are needed. The objective of this review is to critically assess the current literature regarding palliative strategies in the management of peritoneal carcinomatosis and associated symptoms in patients with advanced GI cancers...
July 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694568/the-role-of-routine-measurement-of-intra-abdominal-pressure-in-preventing-abdominal-compartment-syndrome
#13
G Raghavendra Prasad, J V Subba Rao, Amtul Aziz, T M Rashmi
INTRODUCTION: Abdomen, a closed compartment, is prone to raised intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) in the postoperative period. After a critical value of ≥ 15 cm of water, IAP produces abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). ACS leads to reduced venous return, reduced cardiac output, and domino effect of organ dysfunction, leading to death. Hence, it is the need of hour to monitor IAP to pick up intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and ACS. This routine facilitates early institution of treatment measures...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690995/pediatric-vascular-surgery-review-with-a-30-year-experience-in-a-tertiary-referral-center
#14
REVIEW
Seung-Kee Min, Sungsin Cho, Hyun-Young Kim, Sang Joon Kim
Pediatric vascular disease is rare, and remains a big challenge to vascular surgeons. In contrast to adults, surgery for pediatric vascular disease is complicated by issues related to small size, future growth, and availability of suitable vascular conduit. During the last 30 years, 131 major vascular operations were performed in a tertiary referral center, Seoul National University Hospital, including aortoiliac aneurysm, acute or chronic arterial occlusion, renovascular hypertension, portal venous hypertension, trauma, tumor invasion to major abdominal vessels, and others...
June 2017: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690123/pedicled-omental-flaps-in-the-treatment-of-complex-spinal-wounds-after-en-bloc-resection-of-spine-tumors
#15
Andrea Sambri, Alessandro Gasbarrini, Sergio Cialdella, Pierandrea De Iaco, Stefano Boriani
STUDY DESIGN: The present paper presents a retrospective study of 5 patients who underwent pedicled omental flap procedure following spine tumor removal. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Postoperative wound dehiscence represents a major complication in spinal surgery, particularly after en bloc tumor resection, because of the extended sacrifice of soft tissues and adjuvant radiation therapy and chemotherapy. METHODS: Five patients, with a mean age of 52 years (range, 24-71 years), who underwent omental flaps for the treatment of postoperative complication in spine tumor resections were retrospectively evaluated...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685388/a-mobile-health-application-to-track-patients-after-gastrointestinal-surgery-results-from-a-pilot-study
#16
Matthew M Symer, Jonathan S Abelson, Jeffrey Milsom, Bridget McClure, Heather L Yeo
INTRODUCTION: Many surgical readmissions are preventable. Mobile health technology can identify nascent complications and potentially prevent readmission. METHODS: We performed a pilot study of a new mobile health application in adults undergoing major abdominal surgery. Patients reported their pain, answered surveys, photographed their wound, were reminded to stay hydrated, and used a Fitbit™ device. Abnormal responses triggered alerts for further evaluation...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684286/donor-site-morbidity-in-diep-free-flap-breast-reconstructions-a-comparison-of-unilateral-bilateral-and-bipedicled-surgical-procedure-types
#17
Taj Tomouk, Anita T Mohan, Alex Azizi, Elena Conci, Elizabeth B Brickley, Charles M Malata
BACKGROUND: The use of abdominal tissue in post-mastectomy autologous breast reconstruction is a popular choice among reconstructive surgeons. This is the first study to evaluate donor complications comparing unilateral, bilateral, and bipedicled DIEP breast reconstructions. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of all women undergoing rib-preserving DIEP free flap breast reconstruction at a University Hospital between 2008 and 2015 by the senior surgeon (CMM)...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683817/the-effects-of-intravenous-lignocaine-on-depth-of-anaesthesia-and-intraoperative-haemodynamics-during-open-radical-prostatectomy
#18
Laurence Weinberg, Jae Jang, Clive Rachbuch, Chong Tan, Raymond Hu, Larry McNicol
BACKGROUND: Lignocaine is a local anaesthetic agent, which is also commonly used as a perioperative analgesic adjunct to accelerate rehabilitation and enhance recovery after surgery. Lignocaine's systemic effects on intraoperative haemodynamics and volatile anaesthetic requirements are not well explored. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of intravenous lignocaine on intraoperative volatile agent requirements and haemodynamics in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. METHODS: We performed an analysis of 76 participants who underwent elective open radical retropubic prostatectomy...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678999/association-of-centers-for-medicare-medicaid-services-overall-hospital-quality-star-rating-with-outcomes-in-advanced-laparoscopic-abdominal-surgery
#19
Christina Y Koh, Colette S Inaba, Sarath Sujatha-Bhaskar, Ninh T Nguyen
Importance: The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) recently released the Overall Hospital Quality Star Rating to help patients compare hospitals based on a 5-star scale. The star rating was designed to assess overall quality of the institution; thus, its validity toward specifically assessing surgical quality is unknown. Objective: To examine whether CMS high-star hospitals (HSHs) have improved patient outcomes and resource use in advanced laparoscopic abdominal surgery compared with low-star hospitals (LSHs)...
July 5, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678379/a-novel-cluster-of-patients-with-familial-mediterranean-fever-in-southern-italy
#20
Leonilde Bonfrate, Giuseppe Scaccianoce, Giuseppe Palasciano, Eldad Ben-Chetrit, Piero Portincasa
BACKGROUND: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive autoinflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of fever and serositis (peritonitis, pleuritic or synovitis) affecting mainly populations of Mediterranean origin. AIM: To describe a relatively new cluster of FMF subjects from Apulia and Basilicata regions (southern Italy). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Subjects were screened for FMF using the Tel-Hashomer criteria and genetic analysis...
July 5, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
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