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Patient Centered Radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678706/mid-term-clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-after-kyphoplasty-in-the-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-traumatic-vertebral-compression-fractures
#1
Michael Grelat, Rachid Madkouri, Pierre-Olivier Comby, Elie Fahed, Brivael Lemogne, Pierre Thouant
OBJECTIVE: The management of thoracolumbar post-traumatic compression fractures widely varies among centers, and there is no real consensus. The objective of our retrospective study was to detect the progression of vertebral kyphosis in non-osteoporotic patients treated by balloon kyphoplasty (KPB) who presented recent compression fractures of the thoracolumbar region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2007 to 2011, we focused in this retrospective study on the vertebral and regional kyphosis evolution in 77 patients treated by KPB for compression vertebral fractures (Magerl A)...
April 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675948/pattern-of-care-and-survival-of-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-rearranged-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-alk-nsclc-in-an-australian-metropolitan-tertiary-referral-centre-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#2
Malinda Itchins, Sarah A Hayes, Anthony J Gill, Wendy Cooper, Rachel O'Connell, Viive M Howell, Stephen J Clarke, Nick Pavlakis
AIM: To report on the pattern of care and survival of anaplastic lymphoma kinase rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (ALK+NSCLC) in a real-world retrospective cohort from an Australian tertiary referral center. METHODS: Individuals with a pathological diagnosis of ALK+NSCLC via immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization and a radiological diagnosis of stage IV disease were eligible. Patients were identified via the Pathology Department specimen database and electronic patient chart review...
April 19, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671223/laparoscopic-paraaortic-surgical-staging-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-a-single-center-experience
#3
D Vázquez-Vicente, B Fernández Del Bas, J García Villayzán, H A Di Fiore, J Luna Tirado, V Casado Echarren, J García-Foncillas, J Plaza Arranz, L Chiva
BACKGROUND: One aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic paraaortic lymphadenectomy for paraaortic lymph node staging in locally advanced cervical carcinoma. The second aim was to identify prognostic factors in the evolution of this disease and to evaluate how the results of the surgery modify the oncological treatment of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 59 patients diagnosed with locally advanced cervical cancer International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IB2-IVA who underwent laparoscopic paraaortic lymphadenectomy at our hospital between 2009 and 2015...
April 18, 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668537/cerebral-sinus-venous-thrombosis-and-prothrombotic-risk-factors-in-children-a-single-center-experience-from-turkey
#4
Alper Ozcan, Mehmet Canpolat, Selim Doganay, Ekrem Unal, Musa Karakukcu, Mehmet A Ozdemir, Turkan Patiroglu
BACKGROUND: Cerebral sinus venous thrombosis (CSVT) is a rare cerebrovascular disease that may be life-threatening, especially in children. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical presentation, radiologic imaging, underlying conditions, treatment, and outcomes of children with CSVT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 23 consecutive children aged between 1 month to 18 years with CSVT, who were followed-up in Erciyes University Children's Hospital, were retrospectively enrolled in the study from January 2000 to December 2016...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666985/induction-of-disease-remission-with-one-cycle-of-alemtuzumab-in-relapsing-remitting-ms
#5
Alexandra S Kocsik, David E Klein, Maryana Liedke, Ulrike W Kaunzner, Nancy M Nealon, Susan A Gauthier, Timothy Vartanian, Jai S Perumal
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a single-course treatment with alemtuzumab in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all patients diagnosed with RRMS who were treated with alemtuzumab at our MS center and who had at least 12 month follow-up since the first dose. Data on radiological and clinical relapse were collected for the 2 years prior to patients' first dose of alemtuzumab and were tracked until the time of analysis...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665605/-shoulder-arthroplasty
#6
Anna Krukenberg, Jan-Philipp Imiolczyk, Philipp Moroder, Markus Scheibel
Shoulder arthroplasty has been performed increasingly during the last years. The concept of modern anatomic shoulder arthroplasty is based on C. S. Neer's first shoulder prosthesis in the 1950s which was originally designed for the treatment of fractures of the proximal humerus. Since then, this monoblock prosthesis has undergone many changes and improvements. By now, an anatomic reconstruction of the joint is possible. Hence, the indications for anatomic shoulder arthroplasty have been added amongst others by osteoarthritis, necrosis, rheumatoid arthritis or posttraumatic arthritis...
April 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664869/vestibular-manifestations-in-subjects-with-enlarged-vestibular-aqueduct
#7
Jae-Jin Song, Sung Kwang Hong, Sang Yeon Lee, Sung Joon Park, Seong Il Kang, Yong-Hwi An, Jeong Hun Jang, Ji Soo Kim, Ja-Won Koo
OBJECTIVE: To describe the results of a thorough evaluation in a large series of patients with an enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA), focusing on vestibular manifestations with etiological considerations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of patients with EVA. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: A total of 22 EVA patients with a median age of 8 years (6 mo-35 yr) who underwent both audiovestibular and radiologic examinations...
April 16, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664455/physician-awareness-of-decompressive-hemicraniectomy-for-malignant-middle-cerebral-artery-infarction-in-saudi-arabia-and-the-gulf-countries
#8
Hosam M Al-Jehani, Abdulaziz Alsharydah, Seba A Rammal, Saleh S Baeesa, Mohammad Mekhlafi
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perspective on Decompressive craniectomy (DH) of each of these specialties to establish common grounds for improved clinical practice. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed via email and social media groups to members of these specialties in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Gulf countries. Local practices, common triggers for referral for DH, perceived outcomes of these procedures, individual impression of what constitutes good clinical outcomes were explored...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664450/quantitative-assessment-of-vertebral-artery-anatomy-in-relation-to-cervical-pedicles-surgical-considerations-based-on-regional-differences
#9
Amro Al-Habib, Fahad Albadr, Jehad Ahmed, Abdulrahman Aleissa, Abdullah Al Towim
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the anatomic relationship between the Cervical pedicle screw (CPS), vertebral artery (VA), and related anatomic structures in the Saudi population. METHODS: This retrospective single center study included 50 consecutive patients (35 males) with normal neck findings on computed tomography angiography performed for trauma or vascular evaluation between 2012 and 2014. Radiologic parameters were assessed and correlated with age, weight, height, and body mass index (BMI)...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657683/radiation-protection-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-kap-in-interventional-radiology
#10
Fatemeh Shabani, Hadi Hasanzadeh, Alireza Emadi, Majid Mirmohammadkhani, Ahmad Bitarafan-Rajabi, Ali Abedelahi, Mitra Bokharaeian, Hamed Masoumi, Danial Seifi, Tahereh Khani, Mohamad Sanchooli, Shima Moshfegh, Abbas Ziari
Objectives: Due to increasing cardiac disease and its mortality rate, the frequency of cardiac imaging has grown and, as a result, interventional cardiologists potentially receive high radiation doses in cardiac examinations. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) level of radiation protection (RP) among interventional radiology staff in Iranian health care centers across the country. Methods: We used a validated questionnaire survey consisting of 30 multiple-choice questions to perform a cross-sectional study...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656967/conversion-vs-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-increased-cost-of-care-and-perioperative-complications
#11
Sean P Ryan, Marcus DiLallo, David E Attarian, William A Jiranek, Thorsten M Seyler
BACKGROUND: With the increasing incidence of hip fractures and hip preservation surgeries, there has been a concomitant rise in the number of conversion total hip arthroplasties (THAs) performed. Prior studies have shown higher complication rates in conversion THA. However, there is a paucity of data showing differences in cost between these 2 procedures. Currently, the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services bundles primary and conversion THA in the same Medicare Severity-Diagnosis Related Group for hospital reimbursement...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656883/variability-in-the-use-of-simulation-for-procedural-training-in-radiology-residency-opportunities-for-improvement
#12
Shanna A Matalon, Sona A Chikarmane, Eren D Yeh, Stacy E Smith, William W Mayo-Smith, Catherine S Giess
OBJECTIVE: Increased attention to quality and safety has led to a re-evaluation of the classic apprenticeship model for procedural training. Many have proposed simulation as a supplementary teaching tool. The purpose of this study was to assess radiology resident exposure to procedural training and procedural simulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An IRB-exempt online survey was distributed to current radiology residents in the United States by e-mail. Survey results were summarized using frequency and percentages...
March 19, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656480/development-of-a-risk-prediction-model-for-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-infection-in-dialysis-patients
#13
Anwar E Ahmed, Abeer N Alshukairi, Hamdan Al-Jahdali, Mody Alaqeel, Salma S Siddiq, Hanan A Alsaab, Ezzeldin A Sakr, Hamed A Alyahya, Munzir M Alandonisi, Alaa T Subedar, Nouf M Aloudah, Salim Baharoon, Majid A Alsalamah, Sameera Al Johani, Mohammed G Alghamdi
Introduction The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection can cause transmission clusters and high mortality in hemodialysis facilities. We attempted to develop a risk-prediction model to assess the early risk of MERS-CoV infection in dialysis patients. Methods This two-center retrospective cohort study included 104 dialysis patients who were suspected of MERS-CoV infection and diagnosed with rRT-PCR between September 2012 and June 2016 at King Fahd General Hospital in Jeddah and King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh...
April 14, 2018: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655580/canadian-association-of-radiologists-white-paper-on-artificial-intelligence-in-radiology
#14
REVIEW
An Tang, Roger Tam, Alexandre Cadrin-Chênevert, Will Guest, Jaron Chong, Joseph Barfett, Leonid Chepelev, Robyn Cairns, J Ross Mitchell, Mark D Cicero, Manuel Gaudreau Poudrette, Jacob L Jaremko, Caroline Reinhold, Benoit Gallix, Bruce Gray, Raym Geis
Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly moving from an experimental phase to an implementation phase in many fields, including medicine. The combination of improved availability of large datasets, increasing computing power, and advances in learning algorithms has created major performance breakthroughs in the development of AI applications. In the last 5 years, AI techniques known as deep learning have delivered rapidly improving performance in image recognition, caption generation, and speech recognition...
April 11, 2018: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653442/examination-under-anesthesia-in-patients-with-recurrent-patellar-dislocation-prognostic-study
#15
Ismail Fathalla, James Holton, Tanweer Ashraf
Surgical management of patellar instability is a matter of wide debate. While some authors believe that isolated medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is sufficient, others advocate procedures to treat the underlying pathology, namely, patella alta and trochlear dysplasia. Radiological studies have been traditionally used as a determinant of these pathologies and to determine the need for an additional procedure. The value of examination under anesthesia (EUA) in formulating a treatment plan remains unknown...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651586/revascularization-techniques-for-acute-basilar-artery-occlusion-technical-considerations-and-outcome-in-the-setting-of-severe-posterior-circulation-steno-occlusive-disease
#16
Eberhard Siebert, Georg Bohner, Sarah Zweynert, Volker Maus, Anastasios Mpotsaris, Thomas Liebig, Christoph Kabbasch
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical and radiological characteristics, frequency, technical aspects and outcome of endovascular treatment of acute basilar artery occlusion (ABO) in the setting of vertebrobasilar steno-occlusive disease. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of databases of two universitary stroke centers including all consecutive patients from January 2013 until May 2017 undergoing thrombectomy for a) acute stroke due to basilar artery occlusion and either significant basilar artery stenosis or vertebral artery stenosis/occlusion as well as b) presumed embolic basilar artery occlusions...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650786/association-of-quantified-location-specific-blood-volumes-with-delayed-cerebral-ischemia-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#17
W E van der Steen, I A Zijlstra, D Verbaan, A M M Boers, C S Gathier, R van den Berg, G J E Rinkel, B A Coert, Y B W E M Roos, C B L M Majoie, H A Marquering
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Delayed cerebral ischemia is a severe complication of aneurysmal SAH and is associated with a high case morbidity and fatality. The total blood volume and the presence of intraventricular blood on CT after aneurysmal SAH are associated with delayed cerebral ischemia. Whether quantified location-specific (cisternal, intraventricular, parenchymal, and subdural) blood volumes are associated with delayed cerebral ischemia has been infrequently researched. This study aimed to associate quantified location-specific blood volumes with delayed cerebral ischemia...
April 12, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650782/treatment-of-distal-anterior-cerebral-artery-aneurysms-with-flow-diverter-stents-a-single-center-experience
#18
F Cagnazzo, M Cappucci, C Dargazanli, P-H Lefevre, G Gascou, C Riquelme, A Bonafe, V Costalat
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Flow diversion for aneurysms beyond the circle of Willis is still debated. Our aim was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of flow diversion treatment of distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysms treated from January 2014 to October 2017 were evaluated retrospectively with prospectively maintained data. Treatment was performed only for unruptured or recanalized aneurysms after coiling...
April 12, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628706/does-operative-fixation-of-isolated-fractures-of-ulna-shaft-results-in-different-outcomes-than-non-operative-management-by-long-arm-cast
#19
Altaf Hussain, Sandeep Kumar Nema, Deep Sharma, Sujiv Akkilagunta, Gopisankar Balaji
Objective: The optimal treatment for isolated fractures of ulnar shaft is debatable. The purpose of this study was to compare functional outcomes and radiological union in patients treated for isolated fractures of the ulnar shaft by open reduction and internal fixation and a long arm cast. Methods: This prospective study was conducted at level I trauma center from November 2014 to March 2016. 30 patients with isolated fractures of ulnar shaft were randomized to two groups to receive treatment by open reduction and internal fixation by plates and screws and a long arm cast...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626242/incidence-of-kidney-stone-disease-in-icelandic-children-and-adolescents-from-1985-to-2013-results-of-a-nationwide-study
#20
Vidar O Edvardsson, Solborg E Ingvarsdottir, Runolfur Palsson, Olafur S Indridason
BACKGROUND: An increase in the incidence of kidney stone disease has been reported for all age groups worldwide. To examine this trend, we conducted a nationwide study of the epidemiology of kidney stones in Icelandic children and adolescents over a 30-year period. METHODS: Computerized databases of all major hospitals and medical imaging centers in Iceland were searched for International Classification of Diseases and radiologic and surgical procedure codes indicative of kidney stones in patients aged < 18 years, followed by a thorough medical record review...
April 6, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
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