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Patient Centered Radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633921/applying-the-national-committee-for-quality-assurance-patient-centered-specialty-practice-framework-to-radiology
#1
Allison M Greene, Christopher R Bailey, Mollie Young, Elyce Wolfgang, Aylin Tekes, Thierry A G M Huisman, Daniel J Durand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632818/benefits-of-islet-transplantation-as-an-alternative-to-pancreas-transplantation-retrospective-study-of-more-than-10-ten-years-of-experience-in-a-single-center
#2
Barbora Voglová, Martina Zahradnická, Peter Girman, Jan Kríž, Zuzana Berková, Tomáš Koblas, Ema Vávrová, Lenka Németová, Lucie Kosinová, David Habart, Eva Fábryová, Eva Dovolilová, Ivan Leontovyc, Tomáš Neškudla, Jan Peregrin, Jozef Kovác, Kvetoslav Lipár, Matej Kocík, Tomáš Marada, Jirí Svoboda, František Saudek
BACKGROUND: Pancreas transplantation (PTx) represents the method of choice in type 1 diabetic patients with conservatively intractable hypoglycemia unawareness syndrome. In 2005, the Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine (IKEM) launched a program to investigate the safety potential of islet transplantation (ITx) in comparison to PTx. AIM: This study aims to compare the results of PTx and ITx regarding severe hypoglycemia elimination, metabolic control, and complication rate...
2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631981/patient-centered-radiology-where-are-we-where-do-we-want-to-be-and-how-do-we-get-there
#3
Jennifer L Kemp, Mary C Mahoney, Vincent P Mathews, Max Wintermark, Judy Yee, Stephen D Brown
Purpose The objectives of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) Patient-Centered Radiology Steering Committee survey were to (a) assess RSNA members' general attitudes and experiences concerning patient-centered radiology, with specific attention paid to radiologist-to-patient communication; (b) examine the members' barriers to communicating more directly with patients; and (c) explore their perceptions of how such barriers can be overcome. Materials and Methods A total of 5999 radiologists were invited by e-mail to complete an anonymous electronic survey developed by the Steering Committee and the RSNA Department of Research...
June 20, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631533/u-can-a-prospective-longitudinal-collection-of-biomaterials-and-clinical-information-from-adult-cancer-patients-in-sweden
#4
Bengt Glimelius, Beatrice Melin, Gunilla Enblad, Irina Alafuzoff, Anna Beskow, Håkan Ahlström, Anna Bill-Axelson, Helgi Birgisson, Ove Björ, Per-Henrik Edqvist, Tony Hansson, Thomas Helleday, Per Hellman, Kerstin Henriksson, Göran Hesselager, Magnus Hultdin, Michael Häggman, Martin Höglund, Håkan Jonsson, Chatarina Larsson, Henrik Lindman, Ingrid Ljuslinder, Stephanie Mindus, Peter Nygren, Fredrik Pontén, Katrine Riklund, Richard Rosenquist, Fredrik Sandin, Jochen M Schwenk, Roger Stenling, Karin Stålberg, Peter Stålberg, Christer Sundström, Camilla Thellenberg Karlsson, Bengt Westermark, Anders Bergh, Lena Claesson-Welsh, Richard Palmqvist, Tobias Sjöblom
BACKGROUND: Progress in cancer biomarker discovery is dependent on access to high-quality biological materials and high-resolution clinical data from the same cases. To overcome current limitations, a systematic prospective longitudinal sampling of multidisciplinary clinical data, blood and tissue from cancer patients was therefore initiated in 2010 by Uppsala and Umeå Universities and involving their corresponding University Hospitals, which are referral centers for one third of the Swedish population...
June 20, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627462/clinical-and-pathological-staging-validation-in-the-eighth-edition-of-tnm-classification-for-lung-cancer-correlation-between-solid-size-on-thin-section-computed-tomography-and-invasive-size-in-pathological-findings-in-the-new-t-classification
#5
Keiju Aokage, Tomohiro Miyoshi, Genichiro Ishii, Masahiro Kusumoto, Shogo Nomura, Shinya Katsumata, Keigo Sekihara, Tomoyuki Hishida, Masahiro Tsuboi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to validate the new 8th edition of the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classification and to elucidate whether radiological solid size corresponds to pathological invasive size incorporated in this T factor. METHODS: We analyzed the data of 1792 patients who underwent complete resection from 2003 to 2011 at the National Cancer Center Hospital East, Japan. We re-evaluated preoperative thin-sliced computed tomography (TSCT) to determine solid size and pathological invasive size using the 3rd edition of the WHO classification and reclassified them according to the new TNM classification...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617619/early-functional-outcomes-of-periacetabular-osteotomy-after-failed-hip-arthroscopic-surgery-for-symptomatic-acetabular-dysplasia
#6
Benjamin F Ricciardi, Kara G Fields, Catherine Wentzel, Bryan T Kelly, Ernest L Sink
BACKGROUND: Persistent acetabular dysplasia is a common reason for the failure of hip arthroscopic surgery; however, the effect of prior hip arthroscopic surgery on functional outcomes after subsequent periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is unknown. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to (1) compare demographic and radiological findings in patients who had and had not undergone previous hip arthroscopic surgery before PAO for symptomatic acetabular dysplasia and (2) compare the short-term, hip-specific patient-reported outcomes in these same patient populations...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616447/natalizumab-pml-survivors-with-subsequent-ms-treatment-clinico-radiologic-outcome
#7
Elisabeth Maillart, Jean-Sebastien Vidal, David Brassat, Bruno Stankoff, Agnès Fromont, Jérôme de Sèze, Frédéric Taithe, Pierre Clavelou, Bertrand Bourre, Valérie Delvaux, Audrey Rico, Pierre Labauge, Ayman Tourbah, Christine Lebrun, Jean Pelletier, Thibault Moreau, Céline Louapre, Catherine Lubetzki, Caroline Papeix
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinico-radiologic outcome of MS patients with natalizumab-related progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (Nz-PML) surviving and receiving disease-modifying therapy (DMT). METHODS: We describe clinical and radiologic evolution of Nz-PML survivors in an observational retrospective multicenter cohort to clarify the effect of different subsequent MS DMT strategies. Twenty-three patients from 11 centers were analyzed. Outcomes were (1) clinical efficacy of post-PML MS DMT, (2) radiologic efficacy of post-PML MS DMT, (3) radiologic evolution of PML lesion, and (4) disability progression...
May 2017: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612190/correction-of-hypokyphosis-in-thoracic-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-using-sublaminar-bands-a-3d-multicenter-study
#8
Brice Ilharreborde, Sébastien Pesenti, Emmanuelle Ferrero, Franck Accadbled, Jean-Luc Jouve, Jérôme Sales De Gauzy, Keyvan Mazda
INTRODUCTION: The comparison of implants and correction methods remain controversial in AIS. Excellent frontal and axial correction rates have been reported with all-screw constructs, but at the expense of sagittal alignment, which has a tendency to flatten postoperatively. Posteromedial translation using hybrid constructs seems to preserve and improve thoracic kyphosis (TK), but no series exist to date with a significant number of hypokyphotic patients. In addition, the measures of TK in 2D are often wrong in severe AIS due to axial rotation...
June 13, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609125/minimum-2-year-outcomes-of-hip-arthroscopic-surgery-in-patients-with-acetabular-overcoverage-and-profunda-acetabulae-compared-with-matched-controls-with-normal-acetabular-coverage
#9
Sivashankar Chandrasekaran, Nader Darwish, Edwin O Chaharbakhshi, Carlos Suarez-Ahedo, Parth Lodhia, Benjamin G Domb
BACKGROUND: Advancements in instrumentation and techniques have extended the scope of hip arthroscopic surgery to treat complex osseous deformities that were previously best addressed with an open approach. Global pincer-type femoroacetabular impingement is an example of an abnormality requiring osseous correction with a technically challenging access point. PURPOSE: To report on the patterns of clinical presentation and intra-articular derangements, radiological associations, and minimum 2-year outcomes after hip arthroscopic surgery in patients with a lateral center edge angle (LCEA) >40° and profunda acetabulae in comparison with matched controls with normal acetabular coverage...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608737/preoperative-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-vs-contrast-enhanced-ct-to-identify-regional-nodal-metastasis-among-patients-with-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#10
Joshua K Cho, Thomas J Ow, Andrew Y Lee, Richard V Smith, Nicolas F Schlecht, Bradley A Schiff, Andrew B Tassler, Juan Lin, Renee M Moadel, Ana Valdivia, Tony Abraham, Edwin Gulko, Matthew Neimark, Berrin Ustun, Jacqueline A Bello, Keivan Shifteh
Objective Our objective was to compare the accuracy of preoperative positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) and contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) in detecting cervical nodal metastases in patients treated with neck dissection and to scrutinize the ability of each modality to determine nodal stage. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York. Subjects and Methods Patients who underwent neck dissection at our institution for primary treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and had received preoperative PET/CT and CECT were included in this study...
June 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608178/minimally-invasive-spine-surgery-in-lumbar-spondylodiscitis-a-retrospective-single-center-analysis-of-67-cases
#11
Anja Tschugg, Sebastian Hartmann, Sara Lener, Andreas Rietzler, Neururer Sabrina, Claudius Thomé
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgical techniques have been developed to minimize tissue damage, reduce narcotic requirements, decrease blood loss, and, therefore, potentially avoid prolonged immobilization. Thus, the purpose of the present retrospective study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a minimally invasive posterior approach with transforaminal lumbar interbody debridement and fusion plus pedicle screw fixation in lumbar spondylodiscitis in comparison to an open surgical approach...
June 12, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606104/unlocking-echocardiogram-measurements-for-heart-disease-research-through-natural-language-processing
#12
Olga V Patterson, Matthew S Freiberg, Melissa Skanderson, Samah J Fodeh, Cynthia A Brandt, Scott L DuVall
BACKGROUND: In order to investigate the mechanisms of cardiovascular disease in HIV infected and uninfected patients, an analysis of echocardiogram reports is required for a large longitudinal multi-center study. IMPLEMENTATION: A natural language processing system using a dictionary lookup, rules, and patterns was developed to extract heart function measurements that are typically recorded in echocardiogram reports as measurement-value pairs. Curated semantic bootstrapping was used to create a custom dictionary that extends existing terminologies based on terms that actually appear in the medical record...
June 12, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604576/diagnosing-large-vestibular-aqueduct-radiological-review-of-high-resolution-ct-versus-high-resolution-volumetric-mri
#13
Nicholas L Deep, Matthew L Carlson, Steven M Weindling, David M Barrs, Colin L W Driscoll, Christine M Lohse, John I Lane, Joseph M Hoxworth
OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic yield of high-resolution volumetric T2-weighted MRI (HRT2-MRI) with high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) for diagnosis of large vestibular aqueduct (LVA). STUDY DESIGN: Three board-certified neuroradiologists performed an independent, blinded radiological review for diagnosing LVA with 2:1 age-matched controls on patients with both HRCT and HRT2-MRI imaging. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: All patients between 2002 and 2016 with hearing loss who underwent both HRCT and HRT2-MRI and were diagnosed with LVA on either modality...
June 9, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603645/understanding-local-performance-data-for-ebus-tbna-insights-from-an-unselected-case-series-at-a-high-volume-uk-center
#14
Vandana Jeebun, Richard Neil Harrison
BACKGROUND: We reviewed the diagnostic performance of endobronchial ultrasound transbronchial aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) on an unselected large cohort of patients who underwent the procedure in our institution in the past 3 years and to compare against published standards and existing literature. METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent EBUS from January 2013 to December 2015 were included in the retrospective analysis, with a minimum of 6 months of clinico-radiological follow up...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601615/psychometric-analysis-and-qualitative-review%C3%A2-of-an-outpatient-radiology-specific-patient-satisfaction-survey-a-call-for-collaboration-in-validating-a-survey-instrument
#15
Elizabeth H Dibble, Grayson L Baird, David W Swenson, Terrance T Healey
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to perform a psychometric analysis of the constructs and reliability of an outpatient radiology-specific patient satisfaction survey and identify factors that drive patient experience so that radiology practices can improve the quality of their diagnostic imaging services. METHODS: This retrospective study examined responses to eight patient satisfaction questions from a survey originally developed by a nascent marketing team and then administered at five outpatient imaging centers from January 7, 2013, to November 11, 2015...
June 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601333/variability-in-ct-imaging-of-blunt-trauma-among-ed-physicians-surgical-residents-and-trauma-surgeons
#16
Melissa K James, Shi-Wen Lee, Jennifer A Minneman, Maureen D Moore, Taylor R Klein, R Jonathan Robitsek, Phillip S Barie, Sebastian D Schubl
BACKGROUND: Trauma triage decisions can be influenced by both knowledge and experience. Consequently, there may be substantial variability in computed tomography (CT) scans desired by emergency medicine physicians, surgical chief residents, and attending trauma surgeons. We quantified this difference and studied the effects of each group's decisions on missed injuries, cost, and radiation exposure. METHODS: All blunt trauma activations at an urban level 1 trauma center were studied over a 6-mo period...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599982/radial-scars-without-atypia-in-percutaneous-biopsy-specimens-can-they-obviate-surgical-biopsy
#17
J Mesa-Quesada, S Romero-Martín, M Cara-García, A Martínez-López, M Medina-Pérez, J L Raya-Povedano
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the need for surgical biopsy in patients diagnosed with radial scars without atypia by percutaneous biopsy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, we selected patients with a histological diagnosis of radial scar in specimens obtained by percutaneous biopsy during an 8-year period. The statistical analysis was centered on patients with radial scar without atypia (we assessed the radiologic presentation, the results of the percutaneous biopsy, and their correlation with the results of surgical biopsy and follow-up) and we added the patients with atypia and cancer in the elaboration of the diagnostic indices...
June 6, 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599004/extraparenchymal-neurocysticercosis-demographic-clinicoradiological-and-inflammatory-features
#18
Mariana Marcin Sierra, Mariana Arroyo, May Cadena Torres, Nancy Ramírez Cruz, Fernando García Hernández, Diana Taboada, Ángeles Galicia Martínez, Tzipe Govezensky, Edda Sciutto, Andrea Toledo, Agnès Fleury
BACKGROUND: Extraparenchymal neurocysticercosis (ExPNCC), an infection caused by Taenia solium cysticerci that mainly occurs in the ventricular compartment (Ve) or the basal subarachnoid space (SAb), is more severe but less frequent and much less studied than parenchymal neurocysticercosis (ParNCC). Demographic, clinical, radiological, and lumbar cerebrospinal fluid features of patients affected by ExPNCC are herein described and compared with those of ParNCC patients. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: 429 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of neurocysticercosis, attending the Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía, a tertiary reference center in Mexico City, from 2000 through 2014, were included...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597300/proximal-junctional-kyphosis-in-adult-scoliosis-comparison-of-four-radiological-predictor-models
#19
Amer Sebaaly, Guillaume Riouallon, Ibrahim Obeid, Pierre Grobost, Maroun Rizkallah, Fethi Laouissat, Yann-Phillippe Charles, Pierre Roussouly
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this retrospective study is to identify the best immediate postoperative radiological predictors for the occurrence of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK). Four proposed methods will be explored. METHODS: A homogeneous database of adult scoliosis from multiple centers was used. Patients with whole spine X-rays at the required follow-up (FU) periods were included. Spinal and pelvic parameters were measured and calculated to compare four predictive methods: Method 1: assessment of the global sagittal alignment (GSA); Method 2: restoration of the theoretical values of lumbar lordosis (LL) and thoracic kyphosis (TK) according to pelvic incidence (PI); Method 3: evaluation of TK + LL, and Method 4: restoration of the apex of sagittal LL to its theoretical values according to various spine shapes in Roussouly Classification...
June 9, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595598/isolation-biochemical-and-molecular-identification-of-nocardia-species-among-tb-suspects-in-northeastern-tanzania-a-forgotten-or-neglected-threat
#20
Abubakar S Hoza, Sayoki G S Mfinanga, Irmgard Moser, Brigitte König
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary nocardiosis mimic pulmonary tuberculosis in most clinical and radiological manifestations. In Tanzania, where tuberculosis is one of the major public health threat clinical impact of nocardiosis as the cause of the human disease remains unknown. The objective of the present study was to isolate and identify Nocardia isolates recovered from TB suspects in Northeastern, Tanzania by using biochemical and molecular methods. METHODS: The study involved 744 sputum samples collected from 372 TB suspects from four periphery diagnostic centers in Northeastern, Tanzania...
June 8, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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