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Compulsive buying

Priscilla Lourenço Leite, Adriana Cardoso Silva
Introduction: Compulsive buying can be characterized as an almost irresistible urge to buy various items. Compulsive buying disorder is a subject of growing interest to health professionals. It is a current issue and the prevalence rate in the global population is around 5 to 8%. Objectives: The main objective of this study was to identify predictors of compulsive buying in the Brazilian population, assessing possible relationships between compulsive buying, depression and anxiety...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Ben Hague, Jo Hall, Stephen Kellett
Background and aims This review appraises the progression and status of the evidence base for the treatment of compulsive buying disorder (CBD), in order to highlight what currently works and to prompt useful future research. Methods Online databases ISI Web of Knowledge, PsycINFO, and PubMed via Ovid were searched at two time points. Two quality checklists and an established model of therapy evaluation (hourglass model) evaluated the quality and progression of both psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy treatments for CBD...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Francesca Morgante, Alfonso Fasano, Monia Ginevrino, Simona Petrucci, Lucia Ricciardi, Francesco Bove, Chiara Criscuolo, Marcello Moccia, Anna De Rosa, Chiara Sorbera, Anna Rita Bentivoglio, Paolo Barone, Giuseppe De Michele, Maria Teresa Pellecchia, Enza Maria Valente
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this multicenter, case-control study was to investigate the prevalence and severity of impulsive-compulsive behaviors (ICBs) in a cohort of patients with parkin-associated Parkinson disease (PD) compared to a group of patients without the mutation. METHODS: We compared 22 patients with biallelic parkin mutations (parkin-PD) and 26 patients negative for parkin, PINK1, DJ-1, and GBA mutations (PD-NM), matched for age at onset, disease duration, levodopa, and dopamine agonist equivalent daily dose...
October 4, 2016: Neurology
Francesco Porta, Alberto Ponzone, Marco Spada
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) deficiencies are inherited neuro-metabolic disorders leading to monoamine neurotransmitters deficiency. An individualized replacement therapy with neurotransmitters precursors is necessary to restore dopaminergic and serotoninergic homeostasis. The correction of dopaminergic tone is complicated, like in Parkinson disease, by l-dopa short half-life and adverse effects. To improve this picture, since 2009 we introduced the non-ergot dopamine agonist pramipexole as an adjunct to l-dopa therapy in the treatment of the most common causes of BH4 deficiency, 6-pyruvoyl tetrahydropterin synthase (PTPS) deficiency and dihydropteridine reductase (DHPR) deficiency...
November 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
A Antonini, K R Chaudhuri, B Boroojerdi, M Asgharnejad, L Bauer, F Grieger, D Weintraub
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dopamine agonists in Parkinson's disease (PD) are associated with impulse control disorders (ICDs) and other compulsive behaviours (together called ICD behaviours). The frequency of ICD behaviours reported as adverse events (AEs) in long-term studies of rotigotine transdermal patch in PD was evaluated. METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis of six open-label extension studies up to 6 years in duration. Analyses included patients treated with rotigotine for at least 6 months and administered the modified Minnesota Impulse Disorders Interview...
October 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Heike Zander, Laurence Claes, Eva M Voth, Martina de Zwaan, Astrid Müller
Aim To investigate impulsive behaviors in pathological buying (PB). Methods The study included three groups matched for age and gender: treatment seeking outpatients with PB (PB+), treatment seeking psychiatric inpatients without PB (PB-), and a healthy control group (HC). PB was assessed by means of the Compulsive Buying Scale and by the impulse control disorder (ICD) module of the research version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-ICD). All participants answered questionnaires concerning symptoms of borderline personality disorder, self-harming behaviors, binge eating and symptoms of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Marta Baño, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Laura Moragas, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Salomé Tárrega, José M Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia
Compulsive buying behavior (CBB) has been recognized as a prevalent mental health disorder, yet its categorization into classification systems remains unsettled. The objective of this study was to assess the sociodemographic and clinic variables related to the CBB phenotype compared to other behavioral addictions. Three thousand three hundred and twenty four treatment-seeking patients were classified in five groups: CBB, sexual addiction, Internet gaming disorder, Internet addiction, and gambling disorder. CBB was characterized by a higher proportion of women, higher levels of psychopathology, and higher levels in the personality traits of novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, persistence, and cooperativeness compared to other behavioral addictions...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Eric W Leppink, Katherine Lust, Jon E Grant
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the implications of depression in a sample of university students, particularly relating to impulse control disorders. While previous studies have shown high rates of depression among university students, no study to date has assessed whether levels of depression show associations with the incidence of impulse control disorders in this population. METHODS: In all, 6000 students participated in the College Student Computer Use Survey...
September 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Donald W Black, Martha Shaw, Jeff Allen
BACKGROUND: The authors assessed clinical symptoms and self-reported shopping and spending behavior in people diagnosed with compulsive shopping (CS) at a 5-year follow-up interview. METHODS: All met the criteria of McElroy et al. for lifetime CS and had the disorder for >1year. Structured and semistructured instruments and self-report questionnaires were used to collect data. RESULTS: Of the original 26 subjects, 17 (65%) were interviewed and are the focus of this report...
July 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Laurence Claes, Astrid Müller, Koen Luyckx
PURPOSE: In the present study, we investigated whether the relationship between identity confusion and compulsive buying (offline/online) and hoarding is mediated by materialistic value endorsement and depression. PROCEDURES: The community sample consisted of 254 Flemish adults who completed self-report questionnaires to assess identity confusion (Erikson Psychosocial Stage Inventory), compulsive buying tendencies (Compulsive Buying Scale/short-Internet Addiction Scale, adapted for shopping), hoarding tendencies (Saving-Inventory Revised), materialistic value endorsement (Materialistic Value Scale), and depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9)...
July 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Marta Baño, Trevor Steward, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Laura Moragas, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Goméz-Peña, Salomé Tárrega, José M Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia
UNLABELLED: In spite of the revived interest in compulsive buying disorder (CBD), its classification into the contemporary nosologic systems continues to be debated, and scarce studies have addressed heterogeneity in the clinical phenotype through methodologies based on a person-centered approach. OBJECTIVES: To identify empirical clusters of CBD employing personality traits, as well as patients' sex, age and the age of CBD onset as indicators. METHODS: An agglomerative hierarchical clustering method defining a combination of the Schwarz Bayesian Information Criterion and log-likelihood was used...
July 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Chenshu Zhang, Judith S Brook, Carl G Leukefeld, David W Brook
The objective of this study was to examine the associations between compulsive buying and substance dependence/abuse, major depressive episodes, and generalized anxiety disorder at the mean age of 43. Participants came from a community-based random sample of residents in 2 New York counties in 1975 (N = 548). The participants were followed from adolescence to early midlife. The mean age of participants at the most recent interview was 43.0 (standard deviation = 2.8). Of the participants, 55% were females. Over 90% of the participants were Caucasian...
May 23, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Trevor Steward, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Marta Baño, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Laura Moragas, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Salomé Tárrega, José M Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia
Compulsive buying behavior (CBB) has begun to be recognized as a condition worthy of attention by clinicians and researchers. Studies on the commonalities between CBB and other behavioral addictions such as gambling disorder (GD) exist in the literature, but additional research is needed to assess the frequency and clinical relevance of the comorbidity of CBB and GD. The aim of the study was to estimate the point-prevalence of CBB+GD in a clinical setting. Data corresponded to n = 3221 treatment-seeking patients who met criteria for CBB or GD at a public hospital unit specialized in treating behavioral addictions...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Terence H W Ching, Catherine S Tang, Anise Wu, Elsie Yan
Background and aims The addictive nature of compulsive buying implies that mood disturbances, stress, and cognitive biases that underlie compulsive buying might operate in ways similar in both genders. In the current study, we aimed to test hypothetical pathways of mood compensation and irrational cognitions, which may explain compulsive buying tendencies. We also examined potential gender differences in these pathways. Methods Two-hundred and thirty-two male (age: M = 20.30, SD = 1.74) and 373 female Chinese college students (age: M = 19...
June 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
While considerable efforts have been made to understand the neurobiological basis of substance addiction, the potentially "addictive" qualities of repetitive behaviors, and whether such behaviors constitute "behavioral addictions," is relatively neglected. It has been suggested that some conditions, such as gambling disorder, compulsive stealing, compulsive buying, compulsive sexual behavior, and problem Internet use, have phenomenological and neurobiological parallels with substance use disorders. This review considers how the issue of "behavioral addictions" has been handled by latest revisions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), leading to somewhat divergent approaches...
August 2016: CNS Spectrums
Joowon Jung, Sunghwan Yi
Despite recent increase in research on compulsive buying and excessive buying, the category of buyers whose buying patterns are approaching the clinical level but still somewhat below it has rarely been recognized in the literature. In this paper, we propose the case for the category of moderate-risk buyers. Following Ridgway et al.'s (2008) findings, moderate-risk buyers were operationalized as scoring 21-24 on Compulsive Buying Index. We hypothesized that moderate-risk buyers would hold significantly higher materialistic values than non-compulsive buyers, while exhibiting significantly less depressive symptoms and covert narcissism than full-fledged compulsive buyers...
June 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Aniko Maraz, Róbert Urbán, Zsolt Demetrovics
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Łukasz Zadka, Marcin Olajossy
In spite of a hundred year long history of scientific research compulsive buying has been a hardly known phenomenon until today. Ambiguous scientific information makes it impossible to classify compulsive buying as a separate mental disorder. Recently many researchers have noticed phenomenological compatibility of compulsive buying with behavioural addictions. Nowadays, there is reasonable grounds that compulsive buying disorder can be defined as an addiction. There are many similarities occurring between a consumer type behaviours in compulsive buyers and a pathologic consumption of psychoactive substances which included the obsessive need to consumer or a compulsion to consume, personal dependence and loss of control over self-behaviour, as well as tendencies to the consumption increase...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
Célia Soares, Natália Fernandes, Pedro Morgado
At present, no treatment recommendations can be made for compulsive buying disorder. Recent studies have found evidence for the efficacy of psychotherapeutic options, but less is known regarding the best pharmacologic treatment. The purpose of this review is to present and analyze the available published evidence on the pharmacological treatment of compulsive buying disorder. To achieve this, we conducted a review of studies focusing on the pharmacological treatment of compulsive buying by searching the PubMed/MEDLINE database...
April 2016: CNS Drugs
Isabelle Rieu, Jean Luc Houeto, Bruno Pereira, Ingrid De Chazeron, Amélie Bichon, Isabelle Chéreau, Miguel Ulla, Christine Brefel-Courbon, Fabienne Ory-Magne, Kathy Dujardin, François Tison, Paul Krack, Franck Durif
BACKGROUND: Mood symptoms negatively affect quality of life of Parkinson's disease (PD); however little is known about the impact of behavioral disorders such as impulse control disorders, and non-motor fluctuations on quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of mood and behavioral disorders on quality of life in PD. METHODS: 136 (84% male) PD were included (mean age: 61 ± 8y; mean duration of disease: 8.8 ± 5.4y). Mood symptoms, behavioral disorders and non-motor fluctuations were detected and quantified using the recently validated "Ardouin Scale of Behavior in Parkinson's Disease"...
2016: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
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