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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025269/toward-a-qualitative-understanding-of-binge-watching-behaviors-a-focus-group-approach
#1
Maèva Flayelle, Pierre Maurage, Joël Billieux
Background and aims Binge-watching (i.e., seeing multiple episodes of the same TV series in a row) now constitutes a widespread phenomenon. However, little is known about the psychological factors underlying this behavior, as reflected by the paucity of available studies, most merely focusing on its potential harmfulness by applying the classic criteria used for other addictive disorders without exploring the uniqueness of binge-watching. This study thus aimed to take the opposite approach as a first step toward a genuine understanding of binge-watching behaviors through a qualitative analysis of the phenomenological characteristics of TV series watching...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022680/patients-risk-of-causing-traffic-violations-and-traffic-accidents-while-driving
#2
Nevenka Šestan, Metoda Dodič Fikfak, Zvone Balantič
OBJECTIVES: This study examines whether drivers suffering from epilepsy, chronic alcoholism and/or hazardous drinking, psychoactive substance abuse, other diseases of the nervous system, mental and behavioural disorders, cardiovascular diseases, severe diabetes, and severe eye diseases are at a greater risk of causing traffic accidents and traffic violations than drivers that cause accidents and violations without these diagnoses. METHODS: A case control study was carried out...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021114/a-police-led-addiction-treatment-referral-program-in-gloucester-ma-implementation-and-participants-experiences
#3
Davida M Schiff, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Zoe M Weinstein, Lisa Chan, Megan Bair-Merritt, David Rosenbloom
BACKGROUND: The increasing rates of opioid use disorder and resulting overdose deaths are a public health emergency, yet only a fraction of individuals in need receive treatment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation of and participants' experiences with a novel police-led addiction treatment referral program. METHODS: Follow-up telephone calls to participants in the Gloucester Police Department's Angel Program from June 2015-May 2016...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018160/dopamine-dysregulation-syndrome-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-of-published-cases
#4
Nicola Warren, Cullen O'Gorman, Alexander Lehn, Dan Siskind
OBJECTIVES: Dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) is an uncommon complication of the treatment of Parkinson's disease, characterised by addictive behaviour and excessive use of dopaminergic medication. DDS may frequently go unrecognised or misdiagnosed. We aimed to clarify current understanding of presentation, risk factors, comorbidities and management of DDS. METHODS: Case reports were identified through a systematic search of databases (PubMed, Embase) with the following terms: dopaminergic dysregulation syndrome, hedonistic homeostatic dysregulation, dopamine/levodopa addiction...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017196/-the-role-of-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-emdr-in-substance-use-disorders-a-systematic-review
#5
René Pilz, Riccarda Hartleb, Gabriela Konrad, Eva Reininghaus, Human Friedrich Unterrainer
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a therapeutic method that has been shown to be especially effective in traumatic disorders. Since the concept of an addiction memory has become widely accepted, the use of EMDR also in substance use disorders (SUD) treatment might count as a separate field. This review summarizes the current state of research on treatment effects EMDR in SUD. The literature search included the databases of PubMed and PsychInfo; four studies met the inclusion criteria. EMDR was found to be related to a decreased amount of craving, fear and depression and to an improvement of emotion regulation and management and self-esteem...
October 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016172/addiction-training-in-clinical-psychology-are-we-keeping-up-with-the-rising-epidemic
#6
John D Dimoff, Michael A Sayette, John C Norcross
Addiction has emerged as a serious public health crisis. Clinical psychology as a hub science has a long-standing interest in addiction and is particularly well suited to offer multifaceted treatment to those struggling with substance use disorders. To examine how well clinical psychology training is addressing this proliferation of addiction-related problems, we surveyed the directors of clinical training at all APA-accredited U.S. clinical psychology doctoral programs on 7 occasions between 1999 and 2013...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991516/addressing-substance-use-disorder-in-primary-care-the-role-integration-and-impact-of-recovery-coaches
#7
Helen E Jack, Devin Oller, John Kelly, Jessica F Magidson, Sarah E Wakeman
BACKGROUND: Only 10% of people with substance use disorder (SUD) receive treatment, partially due to inadequate access to specialty SUD care and limited management within primary care. "Recovery coaches" (RCs), peers sharing the lived experience of addiction and recovery, are increasingly being integrated into primary care to help reach and treat people experiencing SUD, yet little is known about how their role should be defined or about their clinical integration and impact. METHODS: In order to explore patient and RC perspectives on the RC role, we conducted semi-structured interviews with RCs (n = 5) and their patients (n = 16)...
October 9, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990593/riluzole-impairs-cocaine-reinstatement-and-restores-adaptations-in-intrinsic-excitability-and-glt-1-expression
#8
Marian T Sepulveda-Orengo, Kati L Healey, Ronald Kim, Alyson C Auriemma, Jennifer Rojas, Nicholas Woronoff, Rachel Hyppolite, Kathryn J Reissner
Adaptations in glutamate signaling within the brain's reward circuitry are observed following withdrawal from several abused drugs, including cocaine. These include changes in intrinsic cellular excitability, glutamate release, and glutamate uptake. Pharmacological or optogenetic reversal of these adaptations have been shown to reduce measures of cocaine craving and seeking, raising the hypothesis that regulation of glutamatergic signaling represents a viable target for the treatment of substance use disorders...
October 9, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989915/management-of-substance-use-disorder-in-military-services-a-comprehensive-approach
#9
Mohammad Reza Sharbafchi, Mostafa Heydari
BACKGROUND: Historically, substance misuse has been a serious problem faced by worldwide military personnel. Some research showed that military personnel have higher rates of unhealthy substance use than their age peers in the general population. These problems have serious consequences and may lead to significant military difficulties in the field of readiness, discipline, and mental or physical health. In this review, we gathered various methods for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of substance use disorders and suggested a comprehensive plan for Iran Armed Forces to improve existing services...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988943/how-addictive-are-gabapentin-and-pregabalin-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
U Bonnet, N Scherbaum
In the last ten years, gabapentin and pregabalin have been becoming dispensed broadly and sold on black markets, thereby, exposing millions to potential side-effects. Meanwhile, several pharmacovigilance-databases have warned for potential abuse liabilities and overdose fatalities in association with both gabapentinoids. To evaluate their addiction risk in more detail, we conducted a systematic review on PubMed/Scopus and included 106 studies. We did not find convincing evidence of a vigorous addictive power of gabapentinoids which is primarily suggested from their limited rewarding properties, marginal notes on relapses, and the very few cases with gabapentinoid-related behavioral dependence symptoms (ICD-10) in patients without a prior abuse history (N=4)...
October 5, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967320/communication-strategies-to-counter-stigma-and-improve-mental-illness-and-substance-use-disorder-policy
#11
Emma McGinty, Bernice Pescosolido, Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Colleen L Barry
Despite the high burden and poor rates of treatment associated with mental illness and substance use disorders, public support for allocating resources to improving treatment for these disorders is low. A growing body of research suggests that effective policy communication strategies can increase public support for policies benefiting people with these conditions. In October 2015, the Center for Mental Health and Addiction Policy Research at Johns Hopkins University convened an expert forum to identify what is currently known about the effectiveness of such policy communication strategies and produce recommendations for future research...
October 2, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958901/food-addiction-and-substance-addiction-in-women-common-clinical-characteristics
#12
Raven Hardy, Negar Fani, Tanja Jovanovic, Vasiliki Michopoulos
Food addiction is characterized by poorly controlled intake of highly-palatable, calorically-dense, foods. While previous studies indicate that risk factors for food addiction are similar to substance use disorders (SUD), these studies have looked at food addiction and SUD in independent samples, limiting the ability to directly compare food addiction to SUD. The present study was conducted to assess rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, childhood and adult trauma exposure, as well as presence and severity of emotion dysregulation, in a sample of women (N = 229) who either meet criteria for no addiction, food addiction only or SUD only...
September 27, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957777/unseen-scars-cocaine-patients-with-prior-trauma-evidence-heightened-resting-state-functional-connectivity-rsfc-between-the-amygdala-and-limbic-striatal-regions
#13
Michael J Gawrysiak, Kanchana Jagannathan, Paul Regier, Jesse J Suh, Kyle Kampman, Timothy Vickery, Anna Rose Childress
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorder (SUD) patients with a history of trauma exhibit poorer treatment outcome, greater functional impairment and higher risk for relapse. Endorsement of prior trauma has, in several SUD populations, been linked to abnormal functional connectivity (FC) during task-based studies. We examined amygdala FC in the resting state (RS), testing for differences between cocaine patients with and without prior trauma. METHODS: Patients with cocaine use disorder (CUD; n=34) were stabilized in an inpatient setting prior to a BOLD fMRI scan...
September 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953194/guideline-recommended-vs-high-dose-long-term-opioid-therapy-for-chronic-noncancer-pain-is-associated-with-better-health-outcomes-data-from-representative-sample-of-german-population
#14
Winfried Häuser, Tino Schubert, Norbert Scherbaum, Thomas Tölle
Recent evidence-based guidelines for long-term opioid therapy (LTOT) for chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) have defined daily morphine equivalent doses (MEQ/d) that require particular caution. The recommendation for a threshold MEQ/d is based on North American studies that have demonstrated negative health outcomes associated with high-dose LTOT for CNCP. We have conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study using an anonymized German health claims database, including 4.028.618 persons insured by 69 German statutory health insurances, representative of age and gender for the German population in 2014...
September 25, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952977/to-improve-substance-use-disorder-prevention-treatment-and-recovery-engage-the-family
#15
Alicia S Ventura, Sarah M Bagley
: Approximately 21 million people in the United States have a substance use disorder (SUD); the number of family members impacted by a loved one's SUD is exponentially greater. Affected family members of individuals with SUDs are at high risk for developing chronic medical and psychiatric health conditions, are high utilizers of the health care system, and have high health care expenditures. Family members play a central role in the lives of many individuals with SUDs; information given to family members can have a significant impact on persons with addiction and therefore the SUD treatment that an individual might receive...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951609/rehabilitating-the-addicted-brain-with-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation
#16
REVIEW
Marco Diana, Tommi Raij, Miriam Melis, Aapo Nummenmaa, Lorenzo Leggio, Antonello Bonci
Substance use disorders (SUDs) are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In spite of considerable advances in understanding the neural underpinnings of SUDs, therapeutic options remain limited. Recent studies have highlighted the potential of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) as an innovative, safe and cost-effective treatment for some SUDs. Repetitive TMS (rTMS) influences neural activity in the short and long term by mechanisms involving neuroplasticity both locally, under the stimulating coil, and at the network level, throughout the brain...
September 29, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951146/factors-associated-with-lifetime-suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-in-outpatients-with-substance-use-disorders
#17
Laia Rodríguez-Cintas, Constanza Daigre, María Dolores Braquehais, Raúl Felipe Palma-Alvarez, Lara Grau-López, Elena Ros-Cucurull, Lola Rodríguez-Martos, Alfonso Carlos Abad, Carlos Roncero
Risks factors for suicide are multiple and highly prevalent in addicted patients (previous suicide attempts, substance abuse, impulsivity, history of sexual abuse and other factors). The aim of this study is to identify and to compare the clinical and socio-demographic profile of SUD outpatients with lifetime suicidal behavior (previous suicidal ideation and/or suicide attempts) and to analyze the factors related to it. A retrospective cohort study of 696 addicted patients, according to DSM-IV-TR criteria (APA, 2000) were collected from the Addiction Unit of Vall d'Hebron University Hospital...
September 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946763/dissociation-in-psychiatric-disorders-a-meta-analysis-of-studies-using-the-dissociative-experiences-scale
#18
Lisa Lyssenko, Christian Schmahl, Laura Bockhacker, Ruben Vonderlin, Martin Bohus, Nikolaus Kleindienst
OBJECTIVE: Dissociation is a complex, ubiquitous construct in psychopathology. Symptoms of dissociation are present in a variety of mental disorders and have been connected to higher burden of illness and poorer treatment response, and not only in disorders with high levels of dissociation. This meta-analysis offers a systematic and evidence-based study of the prevalence and distribution of dissociation, as assessed by the Dissociative Experiences Scale, within different categories of mental disorders, and it updates an earlier meta-analysis...
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946032/new-previously-unreported-correlations-between-latent-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-and-excessive-ethanol-consumption
#19
Dorota Samojłowicz, Aleksandra Borowska-Solonynko, Marcin Kruczyk
A number of world literature reports indicate that a latent Toxoplasma gondii infection leads to development of central nervous system disorders, which in turn may lead to altered behavior in the affected individuals. T. gondii infection has been observed to play the greatest role in drivers, suicides, and psychiatric patients. Studies conducted for this manuscript involve a different, never before really reported correlation between latent T. gondii infection and ethanol abuse. A total of 538 decedents with a known cause of death were included in the study...
September 18, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942596/the-multidimensional-therapeutic-potential-of-targeting-the-brain-oxytocin-system-for-the-treatment-of-substance-use-disorders
#20
Michael T Bowen, Inga D Neumann
The neuropeptide oxytocin is released both into the blood and within the brain in response to reproductive stimuli, such as birth, suckling and sex, but also in response to social interaction and stressors. Substance use disorders, or addictions, are chronic, relapsing brain disorders and are one of the major causes of global burden of disease. Unfortunately, current treatment options for substance use disorders are extremely limited and a treatment breakthrough is sorely needed. There is mounting preclinical evidence that targeting the brain oxytocin system may provide that breakthrough...
September 24, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
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