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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667292/sharing-power-in-criminal-justice-the-potential-of-co-production-for-offenders-experiencing-mental-health-and-addictions-in-new-zealand
#1
Katey Thom, Dave Burnside
Co-production has begun to make inroads into research, policy, and practice in mental health and addictions. Little is known, however, about the role co-production has or could have in shaping how the criminal justice system responds to mental health and addictions. Given that a large majority of prisoners in Aotearoa New Zealand have been diagnosed with either a mental health or substance use disorder within their lifetime, it is imperative alternative approaches are considered if we are to reduce the high imprisonment rates and contribute positively to health, safety, and well-being of all New Zealanders...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666588/increased-insular-cortical-thickness-associated-with-symptom-severity-in-male-youths-with-internet-gaming-disorder-a-surface-based-morphometric-study
#2
Shuai Wang, Jing Liu, Lin Tian, Limin Chen, Jun Wang, Qunfeng Tang, Fuquan Zhang, Zhenhe Zhou
With the rising increase in Internet-usage, Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has gained massive attention worldwide. However, detailed cerebral morphological changes remain unclear in youths with IGD. In the current study, our aim was to investigate cortical morphology and further explore the relationship between the cortical morphology and symptom severity in male youths with IGD. Forty-eight male youths with IGD and 32 age- and education-matched normal controls received magnetic resonance imaging scans. We employed a recently proposed surface-based morphometric approach for the measurement of cortical thickness (CT)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658499/-the-impact-of-abuse-and-neglect-in-childhood-on-the-development-of-substance-use-disorders
#3
E A Katan
The review of literature over the last decade addresses the impact of childhood abuse and neglect on the further development of addictions and mental disorders. The results of the studies have been analyzed in the aspect of abuse, age and gender characteristics in childhood and variants of consequences: from neurodevelopment to behavioral disorders. Childhood abuse and neglect is associated with the higher risk of posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidal behavior and some psychiatric diseases. Attention is focused on the fact that adults with substance use disorders (SUDs) report higher rates of child abuse than adults without SUDs...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651928/rural-postpartum-women-with-substance-use-disorders
#4
Debra Kramlich, Rebecca Kronk, Lenora Marcellus, Alison Colbert, Karen Jakub
The incidence of perinatal opioid use and neonatal withdrawal continues to rise rapidly in the face of the growing opioid addiction epidemic in the United States, with rural areas more severely affected. Despite decades of research and development of practice guidelines, maternal and neonatal outcomes have not improved substantially. This focused ethnography sought to understand the experience of accessing care necessary for substance use disorder recovery, pregnancy, and parenting. Personal accounts of 13 rural women, supplemented by participant observation and media artifacts, uncovered three domains with underlying themes: challenges of getting treatment and care (service availability, distance/geographic location, transportation, provider collaboration/coordination, physical and emotional safety), opportunities to bond (proximity, information), and importance of relationships (respect, empathy, familiarity, inclusion, interactions with care providers)...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651507/efficacy-and-side-effects-of-baclofen-and-the-novel-gaba-b-receptor-positive-allosteric-modulator-cmppe-in-animal-models-for-alcohol-and-cocaine-addiction
#5
Valentina Vengeliene, Tatiane T Takahashi, Olga A Dravolina, Irina Belozertseva, Edwin Zvartau, Anton Y Bespalov, Rainer Spanagel
RATIONALE: Preclinical studies suggest that the GABAB receptor is a potential target for treatment of substance use disorders. However, recent clinical trials report adverse effects in patients treated with the GABAB receptor agonist baclofen and even question efficacy. How can the discrepancy between preclinical and clinical findings be explained? OBJECTIVE: To test efficacy and adverse effects of baclofen and the novel GABAB positive allosteric modulator (PAM) CMPPE in rat addiction models, which were developed in accordance with DSM...
April 12, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651257/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-substance-and-behavioral-addictions-a-systematic-review
#6
Marta Sancho, Marta De Gracia, Rita C Rodríguez, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Jéssica Sánchez-González, Joan Trujols, Isabel Sánchez, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Jose M Menchón
Background: Emotion (dys)regulation as well as the interventions for improving these difficulties are receiving a growing attention in the literature. The aim of the present paper was to conduct a systematic review about the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in both substance and behavioral addictions (BAs). Method: A literature search was conducted using Cochrane, PubMed, and Web of Science. Fifty-four randomized controlled trials published in English since 2009 to April 2017 were included into a narrative synthesis...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649120/what-is-the-evidence-for-food-addiction-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Eliza L Gordon, Aviva H Ariel-Donges, Viviana Bauman, Lisa J Merlo
The diagnostic construct of "food addiction" is a highly controversial subject. The current systematic review is the first to evaluate empirical studies examining the construct of "food addiction" in humans and animals. Studies were included if they were quantitative, peer-reviewed, and in the English language. The 52 identified studies (35 articles) were qualitatively assessed to determine the extent to which their findings indicated the following addiction characteristics in relation to food: brain reward dysfunction, preoccupation, risky use, impaired control, tolerance/withdrawal, social impairment, chronicity, and relapse...
April 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642723/impulsivity-traits-and-addiction-related-behaviors-in-youth
#8
Kristine Rømer Thomsen, Mette Buhl Callesen, Morten Hesse, Timo Lehmann Kvamme, Michael Mulbjerg Pedersen, Mads Uffe Pedersen, Valerie Voon
Background and aims Impulsivity is a risk factor for addictive behaviors. The UPPS-P impulsivity model has been associated with substance addiction and gambling disorder, but its role in other non-substance addiction-related behaviors is less understood. We sought to examine associations between UPPS-P impulsivity traits and indicators of multiple substance and non-substance addiction-related behaviors in youth with varying involvement in these behaviors. Methods Participants (N = 109, aged 16-26 years, 69% males) were selected from a national survey based on their level of externalizing problems to achieve a broad distribution of involvement in addiction-related behaviors...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627964/evaluating-concurrent-validity-of-criminal-justice-and-clinical-assessments-among-women-on-probation
#9
Camila D Odio, Megan Carroll, Susan Glass, Ashley Bauman, Faye S Taxman, Jaimie P Meyer
BACKGROUND: Women in the criminal justice (CJ) system experience complex and comorbid medical, psychiatric, and substance use disorders, which often contribute to CJ involvement. To identify intersections between CJ and health needs, we calculated Spearman r correlations between concurrent CJ and clinical assessments from women on probation in Connecticut who were enrolled in a clinical trial. We examined longitudinal trends in CJ risk scores over 9 years of observation (2005-2014), modeling time to probation recidivism with shared gamma frailty models and comparing contiguous time points by Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed rank tests...
April 7, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617325/recent-advances-in-attention-bias-modification-for-substance-addictions
#10
Melvyn Weibin Zhang, Jiang Bo Ying, Guo Song, Daniel S S Fung, Helen E Smith
Research on attentional bias modification has increased since 2014. A recent meta-analysis demonstrates evidence for bias modification for substance disorders, including alcohol and tobacco use disorders. Several pharmacological trials have shown that pharmacological agents can attenuate and modify such attentional bias. The pharmacological trials that have appeared to date have produced mixed results, which has clinical implications. Developments in Internet and mobile technologies have transformed how attention bias modification is currently being achieved...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608409/changes-in-withdrawal-and-craving-scores-in-participants-undergoing-opioid-detoxification-utilizing-ibogaine
#11
Benjamin J Malcolm, Martin Polanco, Joseph P Barsuglia
Opioid use disorder (OUD) is currently an epidemic in the United States (US) and ibogaine is reported to have the ability to interrupt opioid addiction by simultaneously mitigating withdrawal and craving symptoms. This study examined opioid withdrawal and drug craving scores in 50 participants with OUD undergoing a week-long detoxification treatment protocol with ibogaine. The Addiction Severity Index (ASI) was used for baseline characterization of participants' OUD. Clinical Opioid Withdrawal Scale (COWS), Subjective Opioid Withdrawal Scale (SOWS), and Brief Substance Craving Scale (BSCS) scores were collected at 48 and 24 hours prior to ibogaine administration, as well as 24 and 48 hours after ibogaine administration...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606226/a-pilot-study-of-a-smartphone-application-supporting-recovery-from-drug-addiction
#12
Di Liang, Hui Han, Jiang Du, Min Zhao, Yih-Ing Hser
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) technologies have the potential to facilitate self-monitoring and self-management for individuals with substance use disorders (SUD). S-Health is a bilingual smartphone application based on cognitive behavioral principles and is designed to support recovery from drug addiction by trigger recognition so as to allow practice in-the-moment coping to prevent relapse. METHOD: For this pilot randomized controlled study, 75 participants were recruited from methadone maintenance treatment clinics and the social worker consortium in Shanghai, China...
May 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606223/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-comparative-efficacy-of-women-for-sobriety-lifering-smart-recovery-and-12-step-groups-for-those-with-aud
#13
Sarah E Zemore, Camillia Lui, Amy Mericle, Jordana Hemberg, Lee Ann Kaskutas
BACKGROUND: Despite the effectiveness of 12-step groups, most people reporting a prior alcohol use disorder (AUD) do not sustain involvement in such groups at beneficial levels. This highlights the need for research on other mutual help groups that address alcohol problems and may attract those who avoid 12-step groups. The current study addresses this need, offering outcome data from the first longitudinal, comparative study of 12-step groups and their alternatives: The Peer ALlternatives for Addiction (PAL) Study...
May 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606034/internet-gaming-disorder-an-emergent-health-issue-for-men
#14
Kevin H Chen, John L Oliffe, Mary T Kelly
Internet gaming is a legitimate leisure activity worldwide; however, there are emerging concerns that vast numbers of gamers are becoming addicted. In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) classified Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) as a condition warranting more clinical research ahead of formalizing it as a mental disorder. Proposed as a behavioral addiction, IGD shares many similarities in both physical and psychosocial manifestations with substance use disorder, including cerebral changes on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601307/applying-american-society-of-addiction-medicine-performance-measures-in-commercial-health-insurance-and-services-data
#15
Cindy Parks Thomas, Grant A Ritter, Alex H S Harris, Deborah W Garnick, Kenneth I Freedman, Barbara Herbert
OBJECTIVES: ASAM's Standards of Care for the Addiction Specialist established appropriate care for the treatment of substance use disorders. ASAM identified three high priority performance measures for specification and testing for feasibility in various systems using administrative claims: use of pharmacotherapy for alcohol use disorder (AUD); use of pharmacotherapy for opioid use disorder (OUD); and continuity of care after withdrawal management services. This study adds to the initial testing of these measures in the Veteran's Health Administration (VHA) by testing the feasibility of specifications in commercial insurance data (Cigna)...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597072/increased-prevalence-of-anxiety-disorders-in-third-generation-migrants-in-comparison-to-natives-and-to-first-generation-migrants
#16
Baptiste Pignon, Ali Amad, Antoine Pelissolo, Thomas Fovet, Pierre Thomas, Guillaume Vaiva, Jean-Luc Roelandt, Imane Benradia, Benjamin Rolland, Pierre A Geoffroy
INTRODUCTION: We sought to examine the prevalence of anxiety disorders associated with migration in the first-, second- and third-generation. METHODS: The French Mental Health in the General Population cross-sectional survey interviewed 38,694 individuals using the MINI. The prevalence of lifetime anxiety disorders, and comorbidities was compared between migrants and non-migrants and by generation. All analyses were adjusted for age, sex, and income and education levels...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596726/case-series-salvia-divinorum-as-a-potential-addictive-hallucinogen
#17
Joseph El-Khoury, Evelyne Baroud
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recreational use of salvia divinorum (salvia), a potent, naturally occurring hallucinogen, is on the rise internationally. Despite the paucity of information about its long-term health effects, salvia is readily available and generally portrayed as a safe non-addictive substance. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report on two patients who presented with an enduring and pervasive pattern of salvia use. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Evaluating patients for salvia use during clinical assessment is strongly encouraged, especially among young polysubstance users...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596724/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-gender-focused-addiction-model-versus-12-step-facilitation-for-women-veterans
#18
Lisa M Najavits, Justin Enggasser, Deborah Brief, Edward Federman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Substance use disorder (SUD) has increased among women, including military veterans, yet SUD treatment was historically designed for males. This randomized controlled trial compared 12 individual sessions of a gender-focused SUD recovery model, A Woman's Path to Recovery (WPR) to an evidence-based, non-gender-focused SUD model, 12-Step Facilitation (TSF) for 66 women veterans with current severe SUD. METHODS: The primary outcome was substance use; secondary outcomes were associated problems (e...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596721/substance-use-comorbidity-in-bipolar-disorder-a-qualitative-review-of-treatment-strategies-and-outcomes
#19
REVIEW
Alexandra K Gold, Michael W Otto, Thilo Deckersbach, Louisa G Sylvia, Andrew A Nierenberg, Gustavo Kinrys
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Substance use disorders (SUDs) are present in up to 70% of patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and contribute to high rates of disability, morbidity, and treatment non-adherence. Despite this prevalence, few trials have investigated targeted psychosocial interventions for comorbid BD and SUDs. METHODS: Using PubMed and PsycINFO, we conducted a search of the literature up to January 2018 for psychosocial interventions targeted to patients with comorbid BD and SUDs...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595367/lessons-learned-from-the-implementation-of-a-medically-enhanced-residential-treatment-mert-model-integrating-intravenous-antibiotics-and-residential-addiction-treatment
#20
Honora Englander, Talitha Wilson, Devin Collins, Elena Phoutrides, Melissa Weimer, P Todd Korthuis, Jessica Calcagni, Christina Nicolaidis
BACKGROUND: Hospitalizations for severe infections associated with substance use disorder (SUD) are increasing. People with SUD often remain hospitalized for many weeks instead of completing intravenous antibiotics at home; often, they are denied skilled nursing facility admission. Residential SUD treatment facilities are not equipped to administer intravenous antibiotics. We developed a medically enhanced residential treatment (MERT) model integrating residential SUD treatment and long-term IV antibiotics as part of a broader hospital-based addiction medicine service...
March 29, 2018: Substance Abuse
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