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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776529/characteristics-of-construction-firms-at-risk-for-future-workers-compensation-claims-using-administrative-data-systems-washington-state
#1
Jennifer L Marcum, Michael Foley, Darrin Adams, Dave Bonauto
INTRODUCTION: Construction is high-hazard industry, and continually ranks among those with the highest workers' compensation (WC) claim rates in Washington State (WA). However, not all construction firms are at equal risk. We tested the ability to identify those construction firms most at risk for future claims using only administrative WC and unemployment insurance data. METHODS: We collected information on construction firms with 10-50 average full time equivalent (FTE) employees from the WA unemployment insurance and WC data systems (n=1228)...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764393/telerehabilitation-versus-traditional-centre-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-people-with-chronic-respiratory-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Narelle S Cox, Christine F McDonald, Jennifer A Alison, Ajay Mahal, Richard Wootton, Catherine J Hill, Janet Bondarenko, Heather Macdonald, Paul O'Halloran, Paolo Zanaboni, Ken Clarke, Deidre Rennick, Kaye Borgelt, Angela T Burge, Aroub Lahham, Bruna Wageck, Hayley Crute, Pawel Czupryn, Amanda Nichols, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation is an effective therapeutic intervention for people with chronic respiratory disease. However, fewer than 5% of eligible individuals receive pulmonary rehabilitation on an annual basis, largely due to limited availability of services and difficulties associated with travel and transport. The Rehabilitation Exercise At Home (REAcH) study is an assessor-blinded, multi-centre, randomised controlled equivalence trial designed to compare the efficacy of home-based telerehabilitation and traditional centre-based pulmonary rehabilitation in people with chronic respiratory disease...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760300/workaholism-and-negative-work-related-incidents-among-nurses
#3
Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Ståle Pallesen, Bente E Moen, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Siri Waage, Wilmar B Schaufeli
The present study comprised 1,781 nurses who participated in an investigation about working conditions, sleep, and health. They answered a questionnaire about age, sex, marital status, children living at home, work hours per week, number of night shifts last year, and total sleep duration and that also included a validated instrument assessing workaholism. In addition, they were asked to report on eight items concerning negative work-related incidents (dozed off at work, dozed while driving, harmed or nearly harmed self, harmed or nearly harmed patients/others, and harmed or nearly harmed equipment)...
May 15, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753782/accounting-for-optical-errors-in-microtensiometry
#4
Zachary R Hinton, Nicolas J Alvarez
HYPOTHESIS: Drop shape analysis (DSA) techniques measure interfacial tension subject to error in image analysis and the optical system. While considerable efforts have been made to minimize image analysis errors, very little work has treated optical errors. There are two main sources of error when considering the optical system: the angle of misalignment and the choice of focal plane. Due to the convoluted nature of these sources, small angles of misalignment can lead to large errors in measured curvature...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751845/beneath-the-floor-re-analysis-of-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-untreated-hurler-syndrome
#5
Elsa G Shapiro, Chester B Whitley, Julie B Eisengart
BACKGROUND: Hurler syndrome (MPS IH), the severe, neurodegenerative form of type one mucopolysaccharidosis, is associated with rapid neurocognitive decline during toddlerhood and multi-system dysfunction. It is now standardly treated with hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), which halts accumulating disease pathology and prevents early death. While norm-based data on developmental functioning in untreated children have previously demonstrated neurocognitive decline, advances in methodology for understanding the cognitive functioning of children with neurodegenerative diseases have highlighted that the previous choice of scores to report results was not ideal...
May 11, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751276/measurement-of-short-transverse-relaxation-times-by-pseudo-echo-nutation-experiments
#6
Maude Ferrari, Christian Moyne, Daniel Canet
Very short NMR transverse relaxation times may be difficult to measure by conventional methods. Nutation experiments constitute an alternative approach. Nutation is, in the rotating frame, the equivalent of precession in the laboratory frame. It consists in monitoring the rotation of magnetization around the radio-frequency (rf) field when on-resonance conditions are fulfilled. Depending on the amplitude of the rf field, nutation may be sensitive to the two relaxation rates R1 and R2 . A full theoretical development has been worked out for demonstrating how these two relaxation rates could be deduced from a simple nutation experiment, noticing however that inhomogeneity of the rf field may lead to erroneous results...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743228/implementation-of-the-geriatric-patient-aligned-care-team-model-in-the-veterans-health-administration-va
#7
Jennifer L Sullivan, Rina Eisenstein, Thomas Price, Samantha Solimeo, Kenneth Shay
BACKGROUND: Here, we describe the implementation of a specialty primary care medical home (PCMH) model called Geriatric Patient-Aligned Care Teams (GeriPACT) in the Veterans' Health Administration (VA) that is focused on serving older complex patients. In particular, our aims in this article are to describe how the GeriPACT model was developed and implemented in VA sites, provide a closer look at how GeriPACT functions by presenting a case study, and highlight data showing national variation in the implementation of GeriPACT staffing models and PCMH practices...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728308/health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-or-frail-patients-with-advanced-colorectal-cancer-treated-with-dose-reduced-capecitabine
#8
Daniel Breadner, Mark David Vincent, Derek Jonker, Christine Cripps, Paul Klimo, James Biagi, Wendy Lam, Anne O'Connell, Frances Whiston, Larry Stitt, Stephen Welch
OBJECTIVES: Palliative chemotherapy's role is to prolong survival while minimizing treatment toxicities to preserve or improve quality of life. We have recently published a phase II trial of dose reduced capecitabine in older or frail patients with advanced colorectal cancer (aCRC). We herein provide a robust analysis of the health related quality of life (HRQoL) data from our trial. METHODS: A single arm multi-centered phase II trial of dose reduced capecitabine (1500 or 2000 mg/m2  days one-fourteen q21 days) in older or frail patients...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716585/clinical-trial-registration-and-reporting-a-survey-of-academic-organizations-in-the-united-states
#9
Evan Mayo-Wilson, James Heyward, Anthony Keyes, Jesse Reynolds, Sarah White, Nidhi Atri, G Caleb Alexander, Audrey Omar, Daniel E Ford
BACKGROUND: Many clinical trials conducted by academic organizations are not published, or are not published completely. Following the US Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007, "The Final Rule" (compliance date April 18, 2017) and a National Institutes of Health policy clarified and expanded trial registration and results reporting requirements. We sought to identify policies, procedures, and resources to support trial registration and reporting at academic organizations...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709325/3d-biomaterial-matrix-to-support-long-term-full-thickness-immuno-competent-human-skin-equivalents-with-nervous-system-components
#10
Sarah E Lightfoot Vidal, Kasey A Tamamoto, Hanh Nguyen, Rosalyn D Abbott, Dana M Cairns, David L Kaplan
Current commercially available human skin equivalents (HSEs) are used for relatively short term studies (∼1 week) due in part to the time-dependent contraction of the collagen gel-based matrix and the limited cell types and skin tissue components utilized. In contrast, here we describe a new matrix consisting of a silk-collagen composite system that provides long term, stable cultivation with reduced contraction and degradation over time. This matrix supports full thickness skin equivalents which include nerves...
April 24, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706400/a-study-of-column-equilibration-time-in-hydrophilic-interaction-chromatography
#11
David V McCalley
The time taken to achieve full column equilibration for isocratic analysis of acidic, basic, and neutral solutes in hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) was compared using the mobile phase disturbance method, column efficiency measurements and retention time stability. Full equilibration, which could take up to an hour, was best measured by the last procedure and was found to depend on the nature of the stationary phase, the pre-equilibrium (e.g. storage) solvent and the flow rate. While longer equilibration times are a relatively minor inconvenience in isocratic analysis, they are surprisingly not a barrier to the use of gradient elution in HILIC...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704507/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-a-fatigability-index-for-full-time-wheelchair-users-with-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Alina Ionela Palimaru, William E Cunningham, Marcus Dillistone, Arturo Vargas-Bustamante, Honghu Liu, Ron D Hays
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate psychometrically a self-reported instrument assessing physical fatigability (PF) and mental fatigability (MF) in adults with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Peer-support groups at rehabilitation centers, on-line support groups. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with SCI (N=464) in the US. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The dimensional structure was assessed by confirmatory factor analysis...
April 25, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701167/amaze-a-double-blind-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-to-investigate-the-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-adding-an-ablation-device-based-maze-procedure-as-an-adjunct-to-routine-cardiac-surgery-for-patients-with-pre-existing-atrial-fibrillation
#13
Linda Sharples, Colin Everett, Jeshika Singh, Christine Mills, Tom Spyt, Yasir Abu-Omar, Simon Fynn, Benjamin Thorpe, Victoria Stoneman, Hester Goddard, Julia Fox-Rushby, Samer Nashef
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) can be treated using a maze procedure during planned cardiac surgery, but the effect on clinical patient outcomes, and the cost-effectiveness compared with surgery alone, are uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether or not the maze procedure is safe, improves clinical and patient outcomes and is cost-effective for the NHS in patients with AF. DESIGN: Multicentre, Phase III, pragmatic, double-blind, parallel-arm randomised controlled trial...
April 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699554/would-changing-the-selection-process-for-gp-trainees-stem-the-workforce-crisis-a-cohort-study-using-multiple-imputation-and-simulation
#14
Celia Taylor, I C McManus, Ian Davison
BACKGROUND: There is currently a shortage of qualified GPs in the UK and not all of the training posts available each year are filled. Changing the way in which GP trainees are selected could help increase the training post fill rate and the number of new entrants to the GP Register. The aim of this study was to model the impact of changing the selection process for GP training on the number of trainees obtaining GP Registration, either with or without extensions. METHOD: This was a cohort study using UK applications for GP training in 2011-14...
April 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698484/rapid-detection-of-puccinia-triticina-causing-leaf-rust-of-wheat-by-pcr-and-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification
#15
C Manjunatha, Sapna Sharma, Deepika Kulshreshtha, Sangeeta Gupta, Kartar Singh, Subhash C Bhardwaj, Rashmi Aggarwal
Leaf rust of wheat caused by Puccinia triticina has significant impact on wheat production worldwide. Effective and quick detection methodologies are required to mitigate yield loss and time constraints associated with monitoring and management of leaf rust of wheat. In the present study, detection of P. triticina has been simplified by developing a rapid, reliable, efficient and visual colorimetric method i.e., loop mediated isothermal amplification of DNA (LAMP). Based on in silico analysis of P. triticina genome, PTS68, a simple sequence repeat was found highly specific to leaf rust fungus...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698380/fatal-falls-overboard-in-commercial-fishing-united-states-2000-2016
#16
Samantha L Case, Jennifer M Lincoln, Devin L Lucas
Commercial fishing is one of the most dangerous jobs in the United States, with a 2016 work-related fatality rate (86.0 deaths per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers) 23 times higher than that for all U.S. workers (3.6) (1). Sinking vessels cause the most fatalities in the industry; however, falling from a fishing vessel is a serious hazard responsible for the second highest number of commercial fishing-associated fatalities (2,3). CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) analyzed data on unintentional fatal falls overboard in the U...
April 27, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697312/a-mixture-of-butorphanol-azaperone-and-medetomidine-for-the-immobilization-of-american-beavers-castor-canadensis
#17
Annette Roug, Heather Talley, Troy Davis, Marilei Roueche, Darren DeBloois
A total of 58 American beavers ( Castor canadensis) was immobilized with butorphanol, azaperone, and medetomidine (BAM) for the purpose of health assessments, sex determination, and placement of very high-frequency tail transmitters in a subset of animals. Isoflurane gas anesthesia was available to aid with induction when needed, and all animals received supplementary oxygen. Thirty-one beavers immobilized with a mean (SD) dose of 0.65 (0.15) mg/kg butorphanol, 0.22 (0.05) mg/kg azaperone, and 0.26 (0.06) mg/kg medetomidine did not require supplemental isoflurane during induction and the mean induction time was 8 min (range: 3-21 min)...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691526/black-pepper-based-beverage-induced-appetite-suppressing-effects-without-altering-postprandial-glycaemia-gut-and-thyroid-hormones-or-gastrointestinal-well-being-a-randomized-crossover-study-in-healthy-subjects
#18
Yoghatama Cindya Zanzer, Merichel Plaza, Anestis Dougkas, Charlotta Turner, Elin Östman
Pleiotropic effects of spices on health, particularly on glucose metabolism and energy regulation, deserve further clinical investigation into their efficacy. The aim of the current study was to evaluate whether consumption of a black pepper-based beverage (BPB) preload containing 20 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE) would exert any effect on postprandial glycaemia, appetite sensations, gut hormones, thyroid function, and gastrointestinal well-being after a white wheat bread (WWB) challenge meal containing 50 g available carbohydrates (CHO) compared to a control beverage...
April 25, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686886/postpartum-intrauterine-device-placement-a-patient-friendly-option
#19
REVIEW
Carrie Cwiak, Sarah Cordes
Women in the United States are increasingly choosing an intrauterine device (IUD) for contraception. Since the postpartum period is an important time to consider a patient's need for contraception, offering postpartum IUD placement is considered best practice. Effective implementation of postpartum IUD placement occurs within a context of shared decision making wherein patients are given full information about all options and guided to methods that best fit their lifestyle. Within this context, both the non-hormonal and hormonal IUDs are safe, highly effective, well tolerated, and convenient options...
2018: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686130/factors-associated-with-consultation-rates-in-general-practice-in-england-2013-2014-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Toqir K Mukhtar, Clare Bankhead, Sarah Stevens, Rafael Perera, Tim A Holt, Chris Salisbury, Fd Richard Hobbs
BACKGROUND: Workload in general practice has risen during the last decade, but the factors associated with this increase are unclear. AIM: To examine factors associated with consultation rates in general practice. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study examining a sample of 304 937 patients registered at 316 English practices between 2013 and 2014, drawn from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. METHOD: Age, sex, ethnicity, smoking status, and deprivation measures were linked with practice-level data on staffing, rurality, training practice status, and Quality and Outcomes Framework performance...
April 23, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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