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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617057/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-point-of-care-testing-device-sicklescan%C3%A2-in-screening-for-sickle-cell-disease
#1
Maxwell M Nwegbu, Hezekiah A Isa, Biyaya B Nwankwo, Chinedu C Okeke, Uduak J Edet-Offong, Norah O Akinola, Adekunle D Adekile, John C Aneke, Emmanuel C Okocha, Thomas Ulasi, Usman Abjah, Ngozi I Ugwu, Angela A Okolo, Anazoeze Madu, Ifeoma Emodi, Ahmed Girei, Taiwo M Balogun, Ijeoma N Diaku-Akinwumi, Chinatu Ohiaeri, Biobele J Brown, John A Olaniyi, Abdulaziz Hassan, Sani Awwalu, Dorothy A Okoh, Obiageli E Nnodu
Sickle cell disease affects about 150,000 births annually in Nigeria. Early diagnosis is hampered by factors such as centralized and urban localization of laboratories, high cost of diagnostic equipment and inadequate skilled manpower to operate them. The need for a low-cost, portable, easy-to-use diagnostic test for sickle cell disease is critical, especially in resource-poor countries. In this study, we evaluated the performance characteristics of a novel point-of-care testing device (SickleSCAN™), and its acceptability and feasibility, as a possible screening tool for sickle cell disease...
June 15, 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616570/a-study-of-spectrum-of-rheumatic-heart-disease-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-central-nepal
#2
S Laudari, G Subramanyam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Rheumatic heart disease is one of the most common cause for heart failure and associated mortalities/morbidities in the young population in developing countries like Nepal imparting huge familial, social and manpower burden. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a hospital based descriptive cross-sectional study during June 2014 to April 2016 over a period of 22 months at College of Medical Sciences-Bharatpur including 235 patients with clinical and/or echocardiographic evidence of definite rheumatic heart disease...
June 2017: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604294/war-on-two-fronts-the-fight-against-parasites-in-korea-and-vietnam
#3
Mark Harrison, Sung Vin Yim
The Vietnam War has long been regarded as pivotal in the history of the Republic of Korea, although its involvement in this conflict remains controversial. While most scholarship has focused on the political and economic ramifications of the war - and allegations of brutality by Korean troops - few scholars have considered the impact of the conflict upon medicine and public health. This article argues that the war had a transformative impact on medical careers and public health in Korea, and that this can be most clearly seen in efforts to control parasitic diseases...
July 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601203/the-care-of-thermally-injured-patients-in-operational-austere-and-mass-casualty-situations
#4
REVIEW
Booker T King, Wylan C Peterson
Burn injury affects a half million people in the United States annually. The severe thermal injury can have long-term debilitating effects. The management of burn patients in austere and operational environments is more complex. Mass casualty incidents can result in a large number of patients with multiple traumatic injuries, which often include burn injury. Appropriate triage of casualties is essential. Severely burned patients should be evacuated to a burn center if possible. Airway management and fluid resuscitation of burn patients present unique challenges...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600140/income-generated-by-women-treated-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-based-brachytherapy-a-simulation-study-evaluating-the-macroeconomic-benefits-of-implementing-a-high-end-technology-in-a-public-sector-healthcare-setting
#5
Santam Chakraborty, Umesh Mahantshetty, Supriya Chopra, Shirley Lewis, Vinod Hande, Shivakumar Gudi, Rahul Krishnatry, Reena Engineer, Shyam Kishore Shrivastava
PURPOSE: To estimate the difference in income generated if all women presenting in our institute over a 5-year period were treated with MRI-based image-guided brachytherapy (MR-IGBT) instead of conventional radiograph-based brachytherapy (CR-BT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Outcome data from 463 patients (94 treated with MR-IGBT) treated in our institute was used to simulate cumulative women-days of work and cumulative income over 5 years for 5526 patients expected to be treated in this period...
June 6, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588013/building-a-visual-aid-for-a-triage-tool-in-a-developing-health-service
#6
Mir Saaduddin Ahmad, Darryl R Wood
Resources in the modern day emergency department are often stretched, and this holds true more so in developing services. With limited manpower, it is essential that efficient tools are created so that processes can be run safely. Here we pilot the use of a vital signs matrix in a medical camp in Dhaka to screen patients at triage. We further modified this matrix to include the National Early Warning Score as our recording of the NEWS have remained poor in triage. A trial and validation study for the use of this matrix in an NHS setting is currently underway...
June 6, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584837/hospital-managers-attitude-and-commitment-toward-electronic-medical-records-system-in-isfahan-hospitals-2014
#7
Maryam Jahanbakhsh, Saeed Karimi, Akbar Hassanzadeh, Maliheh Beigi
INTRODUCTION: Electronic medical record system (EMRS) is a valuable system for safe access to the patient's data and increases health care quality. Manpower is one of the requirements for EMRS, among which manager is the most important person in any hospital. Taking into account manager's positive attitude and good commitments, EMRS will be implemented successfully. As such, we decided to assess manager's attitude and commitment toward EMRS in Isfahan hospitals in the year of 2014. AIM: This article aimed to determine the hospital managers' attitude and commitment toward the implementation of EMRS...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561292/guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-scabies-in-japan-third-edition-executive-committee-of-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-scabies
#8
(no author information available yet)
In the current work, we present our new guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of scabies which we, the Executive Committee convened by the Japanese Dermatological Association, developed to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment of scabies in Japan. Approval of phenothrin topical use under the National Health Insurance in August 2014 led to this action. Permethrin, a topical anti-scabietic medication belonging to the same pyrethroid group as phenothrin, is already in use worldwide. In this guideline, we introduce criteria for a proper diagnosis of scabies, treatment algorithm for common and crusted (hyperkeratotic) scabies, and prevention...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554323/microwave-an-important-and-efficient-tool-for-the-synthesis-of-biological-potent-organic-compounds
#9
Kamlesh Kumari, Vijay K Vishvakarma, Prashant Singh, Rajan Patel, Ramesh Chandra
Green Chemistry is an interdisciplinary science or can also be explained as a branch of chemistry. It is generally described as the chemistry to aim to synthesize chemical compounds to trim down the utilization of harmful chemicals proposed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Recently, the plan of academicians, researchers, industrialists is to generate greener and more efficient methodologies to carry out various organic syntheses. In the present scenario, green chemistry utilizes the raw materials economically, minimizes the waste and prevents the uses of harmful or hazardous chemicals to make the organic reactions simple and efficient...
May 28, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551917/-holocaust-doctors-survivors-in-israel-1945-1952-from-early-positions-to-professional-integration
#10
Rachel Herzog
INTRODUCTION: The encounter between Holocaust doctor survivors and the Israeli society was part of the whole encounter between Holocaust survivors and the Israeli society. The present thesis aimed at evaluating the integration process of Holocaust doctor survivors in the Israeli health care system from 1945 until the end of 1952. Between these years about 1350 doctors arrived in Israel, the vast majority of them Holocaust survivors. CONCLUSIONS: Their rapid entrance to work provided the healthcare system with professional manpower, contributing their share during a tough period of the nation's history...
April 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511205/-stability-and-change-of-medical-specialty-of-residents-over-four-years-of-postgraduate-training-in-germany
#11
Hendrik van den Bussche, Stine Ziegler, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer
Aim We analyzed medical residents' preferences in Germany with regard to the specialization fields after 4 years of postgraduate training and compared them to their preferences in the years before, e. g. at the end of undergraduate education in a gender comparative perspective, including the influence of parenthood. Methods The study is based on annual postal surveys of students of 7 medical faculties in Germany from their last year of medical school ("Practical Year") until after 4 years of postgraduate training...
May 16, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492444/neuro-ophthalmology-transitioning-from-old-to-new-models-of-health-care-delivery
#12
Larry P Frohman
In contradiction to fundamental laws of supply and demand, 2 decades of payment policies have led to some medical specialties experiencing declines in both manpower and reimbursement. This paradox has resulted in increasingly long wait times to see some specialists, some specialties becoming less attractive to potential trainees, and a dearth of new trainees entering these fields. Evolving models of health care delivery hold the promise of increasing patient access to most providers and may diminish costs and improve outcomes for most patients/conditions...
June 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483389/battlefield-trauma-induced-hypothermia-transitioning-the-preferred-method-of-casualty-rewarming
#13
REVIEW
Brad L Bennett, John B Holcomb
For centuries, cold and wet weather has affected military combat operations leading to tremendous loss of manpower caused by cold-weather-related injuries including trench foot, frostbite, and hypothermia. The initial battlefield management of hypothermia in military personnel had not advanced significantly following many wars and conflicts until 2006. The aim of this review is to: 1) provide an overview of trauma-induced hypothermia (TIH); 2) highlight the Department of Defense strategy for the implementation of a hypothermia clinical management program for battlefield (prehospital) casualties; 3) highlight the research and development of the Hypothermia Prevention and Management Kit (HPMK) as the preferred field rewarming system for battlefield TIH; and 4) emphasize how the HPMK can be easily transitioned to the civilian sector for active rewarming of both accidental and TIH patients...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483058/experimental-evaluation-of-a-novel-robotic-hospital-bed-mover-with-omni-directional-mobility
#14
Zhao Guo, Rachael Bei Yee, Kyung-Ryoul Mun, Haoyong Yu
Bed pushing during patient transfer is one of the most physically demanding and yet common tasks in the hospital setting. Powered bed movers have been increasingly introduced to hospitals to reduce physiological strains on the users. This study introduces and quantifies the manpower efficiency and health benefits of a novel robotic-assisted omni-directional hospital bed transporter (SESTO Bed Mover) in comparison with a conventional manual transport stretcher (Stryker Trauma Stretcher 1037) and a powered transport stretcher (HOSPIMEK HMPT 740), which has a fifth powered wheel providing power assistance only in the forward direction...
May 5, 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481318/pattern-of-visits-to-older-family-physicians-in-taiwan
#15
Hao-Yen Liu, Cheng-Chieh Liu, Tzu-Hsiang Shen, Yi-Jen Wang, Jui-Yao Liu, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Li-Fang Chou, Shinn-Jang Hwang
Many family physicians still practice at an old age. Nevertheless, their practice patterns have scarcely been studied. To address this lack of research, the current study analyzed claims data for a total of 2,018,440 visits to 171 family physicians in 2011 sourced from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. Family physicians aged 65 years and over had fewer patients (mean: 2330, standard deviation (SD): 2019) and visits (mean: 9220, SD: 8600) than younger physicians had. Furthermore, the average age of the patients who visited physicians aged 65 years and over was 51...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479800/factors-determining-the-clinical-spectrum-course-and-response-to-treatment-and-complications-in-seronegative-patients-with-central-nervous-system-tuberculosis
#16
Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, Sikandar Advani, Ravi Kumar, Chandrajith Prasad, Anupama R Pai
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculous meningitis remains a major health issue in the community affecting young adults of both genders predominantly from rural background. In India, the disease continues to kill 2 people every 3 min or nearly 1000 daily, according to the Tuberculosis Control Society India. Tuberculosis (TB) of central nervous system (CNS) is the most devastating form of TB. As this disease is associated with very high prevalence in young adults and will ultimately contribute to great workforce loss, we decided to assess the factors deciding the disease and its course in our patients...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470782/h3africa-an-africa-exemplar-exploring-its-framework-on-protecting-human-research-participants
#17
Obiajulu Nnamuchi
The Human Heredity and Health in Africa (H3Africa) Consortium is a conglomeration of research and infrastructure projects spread throughout Africa whose aim is to apply genomic methodology to diseases affecting the people in the region. Its operation is innovative in the sense that it is doing something new; that is, filling a hitherto existing void in genomic research capability of African scientists and infusing resources and manpower to institutions and investigators across Africa. But aside from developing and sustaining capacity in genomic research and biorepositories, H3Africa is also invested in developing appropriate ethical regulatory regime to govern research in these areas...
May 3, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468110/-brief-history-of-the-first-hospital-of-harbin-city-1913-2013
#18
Y Ji, Z P Li
In 1913, after the Russian Prostitutes Sanatorium of Harbin Eastern Railway was received by the board of directors, they established the "Harbin City Board Hospital" and funded its expansion. In March 1926, the provisional Committee of the Harbin autonomous renamed the "City Board of First Hospital" to "The Public Hospital" . In November 1926, "The Public Hospital" was renamed as "Harbin Special Municipal Hospital" by the Harbin City Council and further funds were invested in its construction. In 1931, the Japanese invaded Northeast China, and controlled the "City Hospital" ...
March 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468070/-on-national-demonstration-areas-a-cluster-analysis
#19
F Mao, Y Y Jiang, W L Dong, N Ji, J Q Dong
Objective: To understand the 'backward' provinces and the relatively poor work among the construction of National Demonstration Area, so as to promote communication and future visions among different regions. Methods: Methods on Cluster analysis were used to compare the development of National Demonstration Area in different provinces, including the coverage of National Demonstration Area and the scores of non-communicable disease (NCDs) prevention and control work based on a standardized indicating system...
April 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426558/combat-surgical-workload-in-operation-iraqi-freedom-and-operation-enduring-freedom-the-definitive-analysis
#20
Caryn A Turner, Zsolt T Stockinger, Jennifer M Gurney
BACKGROUND: Relatively few publications exist on surgical workload in the deployed military setting. This study analyzes US military combat surgical workload in Iraq and Afghanistan to gain a more thorough understanding of surgical training gaps and personnel requirements. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the Department of Defense Trauma Registry was performed for all Role 2 (R2) and Role 3 (R3) military treatment facilities from January 2001 to May 2016. International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification procedure codes were grouped into 18 categories based on functional surgical skill sets...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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