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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319712/toxic-compounds-biodegradation-and-toxicity-of-high-strength-wastewater-treated-under-elevated-nitrogen-concentration-in-the-activated-sludge-and-membrane-bioreactor-systems
#1
Jarungwit Boonnorat, Nimaradee Boonapatcharoen, Pradthana Prachanurak, Ryo Honda, Supaporn Phanwilai
This research has assessed the removal efficiencies of toxic compounds in the high strength wastewater (the leachate and agriculture wastewater mixture) using the activated sludge (AS) and membrane bioreactor (MBR) technologies under two carbon to nitrogen (C/N) ratios (C/N 14 and 6) and two toxic compounds concentrations (8-396μg/L and 1000μg/L). In addition, the toxicity evaluations of the AS and MBR effluents to the aquatic environment were undertaken at five effluent dilution ratios (10, 20, 30, 50 and 70% v/v)...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299159/autism-spectrum-disorder-in-a-community-based-sample-with-neurodevelopmental-problems-in-lagos-nigeria
#2
Yewande O Oshodi, Andrew T Olagunju, Motunrayo A Oyelohunnu, Elizabeth A Campbell, Charles S Umeh, Olatunji F Aina, Wellington Oyibo, Folusho E A Lesi, Joseph D Adeyemi
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a globally prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder for which early diagnosis and intervention is the mainstay of management. In the African continent, limited data is available regarding the non-clinic based samples. Lack of information available to caregivers and inadequate skilled manpower often limit early detection and access to the few available though under resourced services in the community. Community based screening can be an important drive to create awareness and improve information dissemination regarding services available for those living with this disorder...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290957/oral-maxillofacial-injury-surveillance-of-u-s-military-personnel-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-2001-to-2014
#3
Timothy A Mitchener, Rodney Chan, John W Simecek
BACKGROUND: Cranial and oral-maxillofacial injuries accounted for 33% of military visits to in-theater (Level III) military treatment facilities for battle injuries during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Even after years of conflict, the size and scope of oral-maxillofacial injuries in military armed conflict is still not fully understood. This study reports U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) rates of oral-maxillofacial injuries that can be used for further surveillance and research...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281835/the-role-of-direct-single-monetary-grants-in-residents-choice-of-field-of-residency
#4
Yishay Wasserstrum, Racheli Magnezi, Ofer Tamir, Stav Koren, Dor Lotan, Arnon Afek
BACKGROUND: In an attempt to address severe medical manpower shortages in several medical disciplines, the Israeli Ministry of Health offered grants to residents who chose one of these fields. METHODS: A total of 220 residents from various disciplines were surveyed on demographic, academic, and professional data, and asked to rank considerations in the choice of their field of residency. RESULTS: Residents in targeted fields attributed significantly more importance to the grant in their decision-making process (U = 3704...
March 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275695/cervical-cancer-screening-and-treatment-in-uganda
#5
REVIEW
Carolyn Nakisige, Melissa Schwartz, Anthony Okoth Ndira
Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women in Uganda. Given the high prevalence of genital human papillomavirus infection, the current unavailability of radiotherapy, and the absence of a national cervical cancer prevention and control program, these deaths will likely increase. Efforts to organize an effective cervical cancer screening and treatment program will require adequate financial resources, the development of infrastructure, training needed manpower, and surveillance mechanisms of the targeted women...
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274055/career-satisfaction-among-dental-public-health-specialists-in-india-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Chandrashekar Janakiram, Joe Joseph, Bobby Antony
INTRODUCTION: The satisfaction in career is an important indicator for the growth of the discipline and the profession. An empirical investigation of satisfaction in career and amendments needed in course and profession may help in growth of discipline. AIM: To assess career satisfaction among Dental Public Health (DPH) specialists working in India and analyze their perspective on changes required in the profession. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Questionnaire for this cross-sectional survey was adapted from Minnesota Job Satisfaction Survey which included 40 enquiries to understand the reasons for choosing public health dentistry as career, competencies of public health dentists, satisfaction as a public health dentist and changes required in the profession...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255136/attitudes-barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-conduct-of-research-in-government-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study-among-specialists-in-government-hospitals-northern-states-of-malaysia
#7
L C Teh, M Prema, M P Choy, G R Letchuman
INTRODUCTION: Specialists constitute a major 'driving force' and catalyst for growth of research in their speciality. A clearer understanding is required as to what motivates their participation in research as well as the barriers they faced. This research aims to study the attitudes, barriers and facilitators faced by specialists and to identify strategies to promote and sustain research activities in their hospitals. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional survey using selfadministered questionnaires was conducted among all specialists working in government specialist hospitals in the northern states of Malaysia...
February 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231033/evaluation-of-a-commercial-field-test-to-detect-african-swine-fever
#8
Stefano Cappai, Federica Loi, Annamaria Coccollone, Manuele Cocco, Caterina Falconi, Giovanna Dettori, Francesco Feliziani, Maria Luisa Sanna, Annalisa Oggiano, Sandro Rolesu
African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most important and complex infectious diseases affecting pigs ( Sus scrofa ). The disease has been present in Sardinia, Italy, since 1978. Factors influencing the presence of the disease on the island are the presence of illegally bred pigs, uncontrolled movements of animals, and local traditions. Implementation of public health programs is essential for controlling ASF. The use of new diagnostic techniques on both wild boar (WB) and illegally bred pigs would provide tools for faster and more inexpensive control of the disease...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224352/hcv-management-in-resource-constrained-countries
#9
REVIEW
Seng Gee Lim
With the arrival of all-oral directly acting antiviral (DAA) therapy with high cure rates, the promise of hepatitis C virus (HCV) eradication is within closer reach. The availability of generic DAAs has improved access to countries with constrained resources. However, therapy is only one component of the HCV care continuum, which is the framework for HCV management from identifying patients to cure. The large number of undiagnosed HCV cases is the biggest concern, and strategies to address this are needed, as risk factor screening is suboptimal, detecting <20% of known cases...
February 21, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208890/operational-assessment-of-icds-scheme-at-grass-root-level-in-a-rural-area-of-eastern-india-time-to-introspect
#10
Jyotiranjan Sahoo, Preetam B Mahajan, Sourabh Paul, Vikas Bhatia, Abhinash K Patra, Dilip Kumar Hembram
INTRODUCTION: Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS), a flagship program of Government of India (GoI) for early childhood development hasn't delivered the desired results since its inception four decades ago. This could be due to infrastructural problems, lack of awareness and proper utilization by the local people, inadequate program monitoring and corruption in food supplies, etc. This study is an audit of 36 Anganwadi centres at Khordha district, Odisha, to evaluate the implementation of the ICDS...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207082/the-infectious-disease-manpower-crisis-finding-the-cure
#11
Steven L Berk
The challenges of infectious diseases, including new pathogens, dangerous outbreaks, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and the perils of international travel have never been more publically appreciated. These challenges require a well-trained workforce of infectious disease specialists. Just when the need appears to be greatest, however, the interest in infectious diseases among today's young physicians is at its lowest point.
February 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144694/-nationwide-survey-among-institutes-of-microbiology-in-academic-medicine-is-the-interdisciplinary-approach-the-right-way-to-treat-patients-with-urogenital-infections
#12
L Schneidewind, J Kranz, D Schlager, A E Pelzer
BACKGROUND: Increasing antibiotic resistance is a current and severe problem in medicine, especially in urology. Multidisciplinary antibiotic stewardship programmes are an important approach to counteract increasing resistance rates. This approach includes collaboration between urologists and microbiologists. OBJECTIVES: The primary endpoint was to describe the current setting of interdisciplinary work of urologists and microbiologists in university hospitals in Germany...
January 31, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141611/an-exemplar-interprofessional-academic-emergency-nurse-practitioner-program-a-blueprint-for-success
#13
Dian Dowling Evans, Meredith Pollock Ashooh, Laura P Kimble, Katherine L Heilpern
Emergency department census rates and manpower gaps have continued to rise over the past decade, creating a demand for well-prepared emergency nurse practitioners (ENPs). The implementation of the consensus model for advanced practice nurses has brought acknowledgment by leading health care, physician, and nursing organizations of the ENP specialty as critical to building a high-quality emergency care workforce. Recognition of the ENP's unique skill set, and therefore need of specialty certification, has led to a growing interest in the expansion of nurse practitioner curricula in emergency care...
January 2017: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124016/effectiveness-of-early-clinical-exposure-in-learning-respiratory-physiology-among-the-newly-entrant-mbbs-students
#14
Piyali DAS, Subhradev Biswas, Ramji Singh, Sanhita Mukherjee, Sharmistha Ghoshal, Debasis Pramanik
INTRODUCTION: Early Clinical Exposure has been conceptualized to orient medical students towards actual clinical scenario and help them correlate their theoretical knowledge with real life situations in early years of MBBS courses. In the present study we explored the outcome of early clinical exposure in the context of basic science topics (Physiology) in fresh MBBS entrants and compared their performance with a conventionally taught control group. METHODS: One hundred fifty voluntary students of 1st year MBBS (2015-16) batch consisted the sample of this study...
January 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098082/occupational-health-profile-of-workers-employed-in-the-manufacturing-sector-of-india
#15
REVIEW
Shivali Suri, Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: The occupational health scenario of workers engaged in the manufacturing sector in India deserves attention for their safety and increasing productivity. We reviewed the status of the manufacturing sector, identified hazards faced by workers, and assessed the existing legislations and healthcare delivery mechanisms. METHODS: From October 2014 to March 2015, we did a literature review by manual search of pre-identified journals, general electronic search, electronic search of dedicated websites/databases and personal communication with experts of occupational health...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096908/is-there-a-manpower-crisis-looming-for-canadian-urology
#16
J Curtis Nickel, Omar Nazif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089294/the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-workforce-survey-for-the-section-on-urology-2015
#17
E Shapiro, Christopher S Cooper, S Greenfield
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Division of Workforce and Medical Education Policy assumed the task of organizing the updated AAP Workforce Survey, which was modeled after the Future of Pediatric Education II study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate changes in practice patterns of all pediatric medical and surgical specialists over time, to facilitate advocacy work by the Academy at federal and state levels...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078803/why-do-they-care-narratives-of-physician-volunteers-on-motivations-for-participation-in-short-term-medical-missions-abroad
#18
Paul H Caldron, Ann Impens, Milena Pavlova, Wim Groot
BACKGROUND: Short-term medical missions (STMMs) refer to the provision of direct pro bono medical services in lower and middle income countries for periods ranging from days to a few weeks by physicians from rich countries. Survey data have provided limited information on demographic and professional profiles of physicians as well as monetary and manpower inputs. Understanding why physicians participate, however, remains incomplete. The study's objective was to elicit physicians' motivations directly...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061987/management-of-multiple-myeloma-in-resource-constrained-settings
#19
REVIEW
Lalit Kumar, Ranjit Kumar Sahoo
The prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) has improved significantly in the past two decades. This is attributed to use of novel agents for induction, high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), maintenance therapy, and improved supportive care. Currently, evidence-based management guidelines/recommendations developed by International societies/groups are being followed partially in low-resource settings. Lack of quality diagnostics (eg, cytogenetics/fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), serum free light chains), novel therapeutics, and trained manpower, and limited financial resources are key challanges...
December 2016: Seminars in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055576/practical-guidelines-for-studies-on-sandfly-borne-phleboviruses-part-i-important-points-to-consider-ante-field-work
#20
Nazli Ayhan, Amal Baklouti, Jorian Prudhomme, Gernot Walder, Fatima Amaro, Bulent Alten, Sara Moutailler, Koray Ergunay, Remi N Charrel, Hartwig Huemer
The purpose of this review is to provide practical information to help researchers intending to perform "from field to laboratory" studies on phleboviruses transmitted by sandflies. This guideline addresses the different steps to be considered starting from the field collection of sandflies to the laboratory techniques aiming at the detection, isolation, and characterization of sandfly-borne phleboviruses. In this guideline article, we address the impact of various types of data for an optimal organization of the field work intending to collect wildlife sandflies for subsequent virology studies...
January 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
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