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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211493/department-of-defense-birth-and-infant-health-registry-select-reproductive-health-outcomes-2003-2014
#1
Anna T Bukowinski, Ava Marie S Conlin, Gia R Gumbs, Zeina G Khodr, Richard N Chang, Dennis J Faix
Established following a 1998 directive, the Department of Defense Birth and Infant Health Registry (Registry) team conducts surveillance of select reproductive health outcomes among military families. Data are compiled from the Military Health System Data Repository and Defense Manpower Data Center to define the Registry cohort and outcomes of interest. Outcomes are defined using ICD-9/ICD-10 and Current Procedural Terminology codes, and include: pregnancy outcomes (e.g., live births, losses), birth defects, preterm births, and male:female infant sex ratio...
November 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201958/perspectives-of-patient-handover-among-paramedics-and-emergency-department-members-a-qualitative-study
#2
Majid Najafi Kalyani, Zheila Fereidouni, Raheleh Sabet Sarvestani, Zahra Hadian Shirazi, Ali Taghinezhad
Introduction: Improving patient handover is currently considered as a patient safety goal and one of the top five WHO priorities. So, the aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of patient handover among paramedics and emergency department staff. Methods: This is a descriptive exploratory study with a qualitative content analysis approach. Twenty five paramedics and emergency department staff were selected through purposeful sampling. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews in 2015 and Qualitative Content Analysis was used to analyze the data...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199682/lung-cancer-presentation-and-pattern-of-care-in-a-cancer-center-in-south-india
#3
C Krishnan Nair, A P Mathew, P S George
BACKGROUND: In India lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in males and an increasing trend in the incidence is reported from the National Cancer Registry programme. AIMS: The aim of this study is to find out the recent trends in presentation and management of lung cancer at Regional Cancer Centre, Trivandrum. METHODS: Published reports of hospital based cancer registries (HBCR) and population based cancer registries (PBCR) of Trivandrum were compared with reported statistics from other parts of India and global data...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198263/partnership-models-for-the-establishment-of-sustainable-paediatric-cardiac-surgical-and-cardiac-intensive-care-programmes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
Patricia Bastero, Sandra L Staveski, Bistra Zheleva, Emma Scanlan, Antonio G Cabrera, Aric Araujo, Guillermo Reyes, Carlos M Mery, Alexis Palacios-Macedo, Christian P Brizard
The care of patients with CHD remains a challenge in low- and middle-income countries. Their health systems have not been able to achieve consistently high performance in this field. The large volume of patients, manpower constraints, inconsistencies in the level and type of background training of the teams caring for this patient population, and the inadequate quality control systems are some of the barriers to achieving excellence of care. We describe three different international projects supporting the paediatric cardiac surgical and paediatric cardiac intensive care programmes in Latin America, Asia, and the Caribbean...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176495/soft-factors-smooth-transport-the-role-of-safety-climate-and-team-processes-in-reducing-adverse-events-during-intrahospital-transport-in-intensive-care
#5
Markus Latzke, Michael Schiffinger, Dominik Zellhofer, Johannes Steyrer
BACKGROUND: Intrahospital patient transports (IHTs) in intensive care involve an appreciable risk of adverse events (AEs). Research on determinants of AE occurrence during IHT has hitherto focused on patient, transport, and intensive care unit (ICU) characteristics. By contrast, the role of "soft" factors, although arguably relevant for IHTs and a topic of interest in general health care settings, has not yet been explored. PURPOSE: The study aims at examining the effect of safety climate and team processes on the occurrence of AE during IHT and whether team processes mediate the effect of safety climate...
November 15, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171127/how-many-geriatricians-should-at-minimum-be-staffing-health-regions-in-australia
#6
Toby Commerford
In any particular region, determining an adequate, quantifiable geriatrician full-time equivalent required to run geriatric medicine services comprehensively - that is spanning both inpatient and outpatient settings - remains an imperfect science. Whilst workforce planning may be addressed through 'demand versus supply' simulations, 'specialist-to-patient ratios' (SPRs) may be a useful additional workforce metric. There has never been a yardstick SPR, which 'defines' a satisfactory level of geriatrician manpower in any particular Australian hospital catchment...
November 24, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158024/evaluation-of-the-simplified-therapeutic-intervention-scoring-system-chinese-version
#7
Zi-Wen Wang, Jing Zheng, Li-Ming You, Yue-Xiu Wang, Ming-Rong Gao, Xiang-Dong Guan
OBJECTIVE: To prepare the Simplified Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System (TISS-28) to measure nursing workload in Intensive Care Units in Guangdong Province of China. METHODS: A non-experimental descriptive study was conducted in the intensive care units in the Province. TISS-28, TISS-76, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) were all measured. RESULTS: There were significant positive correlations between TISS-28 and APACHE II (n=91, r=0...
November 17, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153002/the-use-of-behavior-modeling-training-in-a-mobile-app-parent-training-program-to-improve-functional-communication-of-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Gloria C Law, Maureen Neihart, Anuradha Dutt
Communication intervention in early life can significantly impact long-term outcomes for young children with autism. Parents can be vital resources in the midst of the current manpower shortage. Map4speech is a new mobile application developed for parents of children with autism spectrum disorder. It is specially designed to provide high-quality, interactive learning, coupled with frequent feedback and live coaching to train parents in a naturalistic language intervention. A multiple-baseline single-case experimental design was conducted across three parent-child dyads...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148963/clinical-stroke-research-in-resource-limited-settings-tips-and-hints
#9
Jeyaraj D Pandian, Hueiming Liu, Dorcas Bc Gandhi, Richard I Lindley
Background Most stroke research is conducted in high income countries, yet most stroke occurs in low- and middle-income countries. There is an urgent need to build stroke research capacity in low- and middle-income countries. Aims To review the global health literature on how to improve research capacity in low- and middle-income countries, provide additional data from the recently completed ATTEND Trial and provide examples from our own experience. Summary of review The main themes from our literature review were: manpower and workload, research training, research question and methodology and research funding...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139377/laboratory-colonization-and-mass-rearing-of-phlebotomine-sand-flies-diptera-psychodidae
#10
Jérôme Depaquit, Bernard Pesson, Denis Augot, James Gordon Campbell Hamilton, Phillip Lawyer, Nicole Léger, Phillip Lawyer, Mireille Killick-Kendrick, Tobin Rowland, Edgar Rowton, Petr Volf
Laboratory colonies of phlebotomine sand flies are necessary for experimental study of their biology, behaviour and mutual relations with disease agents and for testing new methods of vector control. They are indispensable in genetic studies and controlled observations on the physiology and behaviour of sand flies, neglected subjects of high priority. Colonies are of particular value for screening insecticides. Colonized sand flies are used as live vector models in a diverse array of research projects, including xenodiagnosis, that are directed toward control of leishmaniasis and other sand fly-associated diseases...
2017: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081939/development-of-an-automatic-dispensing-system-for-traditional-chinese-herbs
#11
Chi-Ying Lin, Ping-Jung Hsieh
The gathering of ingredients for decoctions of traditional Chinese herbs still relies on manual dispensation, due to the irregular shape of many items and inconsistencies in weights. In this study, we developed an automatic dispensing system for Chinese herbal decoctions with the aim of reducing manpower costs and the risk of mistakes. We employed machine vision in conjunction with a robot manipulator to facilitate the grasping of ingredients. The name and formulation of the decoction are input via a human-computer interface, and the dispensing of multiple medicine packets is performed automatically...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081103/-determination-of-acrylonitrile-in-injection-molding-process-data-analysis-and-recommendations
#12
X P Zhong, Z R Chen, Z L Zhu
Objective: To investigate whether the identification of acrylonitrile, an occupational hazard factor for the industry of injection molding and plastic products, reported in literature is reasonable, and to put forward some recommendations. Methods: Professional articles published from 1990 to 2016 were searched, and an analysis was performed for the data on the determination of acrylonitrile in the industry of injection molding and plastic products from 2003 to 2016 in Longhua Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Shenzhen...
July 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070761/price-adjustment-for-traditional-chinese-medicine-procedures-based-on-a-standardized-value-parity-model
#13
Haiyin Wang, Chunlin Jin, Qingwu Jiang
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is an important part of China's medical system. Due to the prolonged low price of TCM procedures and the lack of an effective mechanism for dynamic price adjustment, the development of TCM has markedly lagged behind Western medicine. The World Health Organization (WHO) has emphasized the need to enhance the development of alternative and traditional medicine when creating national health care systems. The establishment of scientific and appropriate mechanisms to adjust the price of medical procedures in TCM is crucial to promoting the development of TCM...
October 24, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054026/intelligent-tuning-method-of-pid-parameters-based-on-iterative-learning-control-for-atomic-force-microscopy
#14
Hui Liu, Yingzi Li, Yingxu Zhang, Yifu Chen, Zihang Song, Zhenyu Wang, Suoxin Zhang, Jianqiang Qian
Proportional-integral-derivative (PID) parameters play a vital role in the imaging process of an atomic force microscope (AFM). Traditional parameter tuning methods require a lot of manpower and it is difficult to set PID parameters in unattended working environments. In this manuscript, an intelligent tuning method of PID parameters based on iterative learning control is proposed to self-adjust PID parameters of the AFM according to the sample topography. This method gets enough information about the output signals of PID controller and tracking error, which will be used to calculate the proper PID parameters, by repeated line scanning until convergence before normal scanning to learn the topography...
October 7, 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036605/survey-of-laboratory-practices-for-diagnosis-of-fungal-infection-in-seven-asian-countries-an-asia-fungal-working-group-afwg-initiative
#15
Ariya Chindamporn, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Ruoyu Li, Pei-Lun Sun, Ban-Hock Tan, Mitzi Chua, Retno Wahyuningsih, Atul Patel, Zhengyin Liu, Yee-Chun Chen, Methee Chayakulkeeree
An online survey of mycology laboratories in seven Asian countries was conducted to assess the status, competence, and services available. Country representatives from the Asia Fungal Working Group (AFWG) contacted as many laboratories performing mycology diagnosis as possible in their respective countries, requesting that the laboratory heads complete the online survey. In total, 241 laboratories responded, including 71 in China, 104 in India, 11 in Indonesia, 26 in the Philippines, four in Singapore, 18 in Taiwan, and seven in Thailand...
September 20, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029612/the-relative-efficiency-of-iranian-s-rural-traffic-police-a-three-stage-dea-model
#16
Habibollah Rahimi, Hamid Soori, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Seyed Abbas Motevalian, Adel Azar, Eskandar Momeni, Mehdi Javartani
BACKGROUND: Road traffic Injuries (RTIs) as a health problem imposes governments to implement different interventions. Target achievement in this issue required effective and efficient measures. Efficiency evaluation of traffic police as one of the responsible administrators is necessary for resource management. Therefore, this study conducted to measure Iran's rural traffic police efficiency. METHODS: This was an ecological study. To obtain pure efficiency score, three-stage DEA model was conducted with seven inputs and three output variables...
October 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022035/from-bolam-bolitho-to-modified-montgomery-a-paradigm-shift-in-the-legal-standard-of-determining-medical-negligence-in-singapore
#17
Han Yee Neo
In a recent landmark litigation, the Singapore Court of Appeal introduced a new legal standard for determining medical negligence with regards to information disclosure - the Modified-Montgomery test. This new test fundamentally shifts the legal position concerning the standard of care expected of a doctor when he dispenses medical advice. Previously, a doctor is expected to disclose what a "reasonable physician" would tell his patient. Now, a doctor must disclose "all material risks" that a "reasonable patient" would want to know under his unique circumstances...
September 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019076/starting-a-medical-technology-venture-as-a-young-academic-innovator-or-student-entrepreneur
#18
REVIEW
Amir Manbachi, Katlin Kreamer-Tonin, Philipp Walch, Nao J Gamo, Parastoo Khoshakhlagh, Yu Shrike Zhang, Charles Montague, Soumyadipta Acharya, Elizabeth A Logsdon, Robert H Allen, Nicholas J Durr, Mark G Luciano, Nicholas Theodore, Henry Brem, Youseph Yazdi
Following the footprints of Bill Gates, Steve Jobs and Mark Zuckerberg, there has been a misconception that students are better off quitting their studies to bring to life their ideas, create jobs and monetize their inventions. Having historically transitioned from manpower to mind power, we live in one of the most rapidly changing times in human history. As a result, academic institutions that are supposed to be pioneers and educators of the next generations have started to realize that they need to adapt to a new system, and change their policies to be more flexible towards patent ownership and commercialization...
October 10, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017657/-comparative-study-for-effects-of-bare-handed-cpr-with-thumper-cardiopulmonary-resuscitator-cpr-in-emergency-department-based-on-the-utstein-style
#19
Chongyang Zhang, Yaohui Wang, Hongwei Liu, Aixiang Hao, Junxiang Xun, Qingyi Meng
OBJECTIVE: To objectively and standardly compare the bare-handed CPR and Thumper cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR recovery effect based on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) Utstein model. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. CPR adult patients admitted to the Emergency Room of First Hospital of Qinhuangdao in Hebei Province from January 2015 to January 2017 were enrolled. Seventy patients who underwent CPR using the Thumper cardiopulmonary resuscitator were included in the Thumper CPR group; 80 patients who underwent manual hand-held CPR were included in the bare-handed CPR group...
October 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979617/cervical-cancer-in-zimbabwe-a-situation-analysis
#20
Oppah Kuguyo, Alice Matimba, Nomsa Tsikai, Thulani Magwali, Mugove Madziyire, Muchabayiwa Gidiri, Collet Dandara, Charles Nhachi
INTRODUCTION: Despite the wide-spread availability of cervical cancer prevention and screening programs in developed countries, the morbidity and mortality rates of cervical cancer in Zimbabwe are still very high. Limited resources as well as the high HIV prevalence are contributors to the high burden of cervical cancer. This paper aims to analyse the policies, frameworks and current practices in the management of cervical cancer in Zimbabwe. METHODS: A review of national documents and published literature on cervical cancer prevention, screening, treatment and knowledge in Zimbabwe was done...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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