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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907507/nrg-oncology-medical-physicists-manpower-survey-quantifying-support-demands-for-multi-institutional-clinical-trials
#1
James I Monroe, Karan Boparai, Ying Xiao, David Followill, James M Galvin, Eric E Klein, Daniel A Low, Jean M Moran, Haoyu Zhong, Jason W Sohn
PURPOSE: A survey was created by NRG to assess a medical physicists' percent full time equivalent (FTE) contribution to multi-institutional clinical trials. A 2012 American Society for Radiation Oncology report, "Safety Is No Accident," quantified medical physics staffing contributions in FTE factors for clinical departments. No quantification of FTE effort associated with clinical trials was included. METHODS: To address this lack of information, the NRG Medical Physics Subcommittee decided to obtain manpower data from the medical physics community to quantify the amount of time medical physicists spent supporting clinical trials...
February 4, 2018: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898604/the-district-health-information-system-dhis2-a-literature-review-and-meta-synthesis-of-its-strengths-and-operational-challenges-based-on-the-experiences-of-11-countries
#2
Reza Dehnavieh, AliAkbar Haghdoost, Ardeshir Khosravi, Fahime Hoseinabadi, Hamed Rahimi, Atousa Poursheikhali, Nahid Khajehpour, Zahra Khajeh, Nadia Mirshekari, Marziyeh Hasani, Samera Radmerikhi, Hajar Haghighi, Mohammad Hossain Mehrolhassani, Elaheh Kazemi, Saeide Aghamohamadi
BACKGROUND: Health information systems offer many potential benefits for healthcare, including financial benefits and for improving the quality of patient care. The purpose of District Health Information Systems (DHIS) is to document data that are routinely collected in all public health facilities in a country using the system. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the strengths and operational challenges of DHIS2, with a goal to enable decision makers in different counties to more accurately evaluate the outcomes of introducing DHIS2 into their particular country...
January 1, 2018: Health Information Management: Journal of the Health Information Management Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896470/a-theory-based-contextual-nutrition-education-manual-enhanced-nutrition-teaching-skill
#3
Mojisola D Kupolati, Una E MacIntyre, Gerda J Gericke
Background: A theory-based contextual nutrition education manual (NEM) may enhance effective teaching of nutrition in schools. School nutrition education should lead to the realization of such benefits as improved health, scholarly achievement leading to manpower development and consequently the nation's development. The purpose of the study was to develop a contextual NEM for teachers of Grade 5 and 6 learners in the Bronkhorstspruit district, South Africa, and to assess teachers' perception on the use of the manual for teaching nutrition...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895734/briefing-note-proceedings-of-the-singapore-national-clinical-pharmacy-colloquium-health-manpower-development-planning
#4
Richard H Parrish, Lita Chew
The nation of Singapore highly values its health service as well as the component of healthcare delivery that includes clinical pharmacy and administration. The Ministry of Health (MOH) engaged the services of Dr. Richard Parrish to better understand the relationship between the Singaporean citizenry and its clinical pharmacists. Through a series of five lectures, structured from the national to local unit level, four roundtables, two hands-on sessions, and three workshops, clinical pharmacists and administrative leadership participated in “open-mic” style lectures, discussed the issues facing Singapore pharmacy in its current provision of healthcare services, and deliberated on the future resources required to meet projected healthcare needs...
June 12, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874721/-shortage-of-chinese-medicine-of-the-1950s-and-the-20-year-xiao-qiu-shou-minor-autumn-harvest
#5
J Li
To encourage the collection and improve of purchase are the important measures to solve the shortage of Chinese medicine. In 1958, due to the large amount of rural manpower invested in the campaign of construction of water conservancy projects and the large-scale steel-making and iron-smelting, the planting of traditional Chinese medicine was thus reduced, resulting in a shortage of medicinal herbs. To alleviate the serious shortage of traditional Chinese herbals and severe situation, the State Council issued an instruction, urging to utilize and collect wild plants, raw materials in 1958, followed by another order, advocating to carry out the " Xiao qiu shou (minor autumn harvest)" the next year, including the harvesting of wild crude medicinal herbs...
September 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863041/-survey-of-literature-on-the-development-of-an-evidence-database-for-hospital-prepared-drugs-in-japan
#6
Kenji Momo
 Hospital-prepared drugs (HP), known as In'Naiseizai in Japan, are custom-prepared formulations which offer medical professionals an alternative administration pathway by changing the formulation of existing drugs according to a patients' needs. Preparing the HP is one of several roles of pharmacists in providing personalized medicine at hospitals in Japan. In 2012, the Japanese Society of Hospital Pharmacists provided guidelines for the appropriate use of "Hospital-prepared drugs". The following information was included in this guide: 1) documentation of the proper procedures, materials, prescription practices, etc...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801696/deep-generative-learning-for-automated-ehr-diagnosis-of-traditional-chinese-medicine
#7
Zhaohui Liang, Jun Liu, Aihua Ou, Honglai Zhang, Ziping Li, Jimmy Xiangji Huang
BACKGROUND: Computer-aided medical decision-making (CAMDM) is the method to utilize massive EMR data as both empirical and evidence support for the decision procedure of healthcare activities. Well-developed information infrastructure, such as hospital information systems and disease surveillance systems, provides abundant data for CAMDM. However, the complexity of EMR data with abstract medical knowledge makes the conventional model incompetent for the analysis. Thus a deep belief networks (DBN) based model is proposed to simulate the information analysis and decision-making procedure in medical practice...
May 4, 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793194/simultaneous-determination-of-18-psychoactive-agents-and-6-metabolites-in-plasma-using-lc-ms-ms-and-application-to-actual-plasma-samples-from-conscription-candidates
#8
Dongeun Park, Hyeyoung Choi, Moonhee Jang, Hyejin Chang, Sanghee Woo, Wonkyung Yang
In Korea, an increasing number of people attempt to evade military conscription by posing as mental health patients. To verify the authenticity of mental illness, there is a need to detect wide range of psychoactive agents in biological specimens of conscription candidates. In this study, we developed and validated a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of 18 psychoactive agents and 6 metabolites in human plasma. The method was characterized by the use of a simple, fast and cheap protein precipitation as sample preparation, a rapid run time (11min) and a low volume of plasma sample (200μL)...
April 22, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790444/data-envelopment-analysis-for-estimating-efficiency-of-intensive-care-units-a-case-study-in-iran
#9
Mohammad Amin Bahrami, Sima Rafiei, Mahdieh Abedi, Roohollah Askari
Purpose As hospitals are the most costly service providers in every healthcare systems, special attention should be given to their performance in terms of resource allocation and consumption. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate technical, allocative and economic efficiency in intensive care units (ICUs) of hospitals affiliated by Yazd University of Medical Sciences (YUMS) in 2015. Design/methodology/approach This was a descriptive, analytical study conducted in ICUs of seven training hospitals affiliated by YUMS using data envelopment analysis (DEA) in 2015...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781090/informal-caregivers-in-hospitals-opportunities-and-threats
#10
Mohammadreza Amiresmaili, Zahra Emrani
OBJECTIVE: High hospital costs are a challenge that health system face. Additionally, studies identified manpower deficiency as a problem in health system. Hospital is a place where patients with different physical and mental conditions come to. Their families and friends' companionship can facilitate this situation for them. This study illustrates the roles of informal caregivers in hospital. METHOD: This is a phenomenological qualitative study. Data were gathered through semistructured interviews...
May 20, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734622/there-is-gold-in-them-hills-predicting-potential-acid-mine-drainage-events-through-the-use-of-chemometrics
#11
Daniel Cozzolino, Shaneel Chandra, Jessica Roberts, Aoife Power, Piumie Rajapaksha, Nicole Ball, Russell Gordon, James Chapman
Disused mines and mining legacy require significant manpower to ameliorate the contaminated environmental surroundings following their disbanding coupled with extraordinary funding to manage these issues. Water (pH, temperature, dissolved oxygen, conductance, metals, sulphate) and total suspended solids (TSS) quality are environmental parameters that are affected by legacy mining activity and often require monitoring and rapid response if events (e.g. rainfall) occur which might affect the surrounding areas...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701138/process-identification-of-the-scr-system-of-coal-fired-power-plant-for-de-no-x-based-on-historical-operation-data
#12
Jian Li, Raoqiao Shi, Chuanlong Xu, Shimin Wang
The selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system, as one principal flue gas treatment method employed for the NOx emission control of the coal-fired power plant, is nonlinear and time-varying with great inertia and large time delay. It is difficult for the present SCR control system to achieve satisfactory performance with the traditional feedback and feedforward control strategies. Although some improved control strategies, such as the Smith predictor control and the model predictive control, have been proposed for this issue, a well-matched identification model is essentially required to realize a superior control of the SCR system...
May 8, 2018: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688651/-trends-in-occupational-physicians-rate-versus-manpower-in-israel-status-and-solutions
#13
Shlomo Moshe, Patricia Chuwers, Efrat Solomon Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688650/-trends-in-occupational-physicians-rate-versus-manpower-in-israel-status-and-solutions
#14
Yehuda Lerman, Chaim Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688645/-the-effect-of-claims-about-medical-adverse-events-on-patients-safety
#15
REVIEW
Yaron Niv
In 1999 the Institute of Medicine (ION) declared that "to err in human" and that our goal is not to "blame and shame" but to investigate and establish processes that will prevent future mistakes. Shortage in manpower, physicians and nurses, may cause a disproportional burden of work and increase mistakes and adverse events. The complexity of patients requires a multidisciplinary team with many participants for achieving goals and saving lives. In the last 2 decades there was an exponential increase in the number of medical negligence claims and a similar increase in the sums given to the plaintiffs, in verdicts, mediation or compromises...
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680633/multiplex-tandem-mass-spectrometry-assay-for-newborn-screening-of-x-linked-adrenoleukodystrophy-biotinidase-deficiency-and-galactosemia-with-flexibility-to-assay-other-enzyme-assays-and-biomarkers
#16
Xinying Hong, Arun Babu Kumar, C Ronald Scott, Michael H Gelb
All States screen for biotinidase deficiency and galactosemia, and X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) has recently been added to the Recommended Uniform Screening Panel (RUSP).We sought to consolidate these tests by combining them into a single multiplex tandem mass spectrometry assay as well as to improve the current protocol for newborn screening of galactosemia.A 3 mm punch of a dried blood spot (DBS) was extracted with organic solvent for analysis of the C26:0-lysophosphatidylcholine biomarker for X-ALD...
June 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680238/in-silico-tools-and-databases-for-designing-peptide-based-vaccine-and-drugs
#17
Salman Sadullah Usmani, Rajesh Kumar, Sherry Bhalla, Vinod Kumar, Gajendra P S Raghava
The prolonged conventional approaches of drug screening and vaccine designing prerequisite patience, vigorous effort, outrageous cost as well as additional manpower. Screening and experimentally validating thousands of molecules for a specific therapeutic property never proved to be an easy task. Similarly, traditional way of vaccination includes administration of either whole or attenuated pathogen, which raises toxicity and safety issues. Emergence of sequencing and recombinant DNA technology led to the epitope-based advanced vaccination concept, i...
2018: Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679851/electronic-journal-clubs-for-capacity-building-a-case-study-in-psychiatry-as-a-model-for-medical-disciplines-in-developing-countries
#18
Abha Thakurdesai, Abhishek Ghosh, Vikas Menon, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Adarsh Tripathi, Devavrat Harshe, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: Journal clubs (JCs) teach participants how to critically read and assimilate materials published in journals. Electronic JCs (eJCs) provide a similar platform through internet groups, allowing members to participate in and review JC activities as well as JC archives in their free time. METHODS: We describe the operations and the successes of eJCIndia, to our knowledge the first eJC in India in the field of mental health. eJCIndia was started for capacity building in teaching and research competence in the field...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670156/an-automated-skin-segmentation-of-breasts-in-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#19
Chia-Yen Lee, Tzu-Fang Chang, Nai-Yun Chang, Yeun-Chung Chang
Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) is used to diagnose breast disease. Obtaining anatomical information from DCE-MRI requires the skin be manually removed so that blood vessels and tumors can be clearly observed by physicians and radiologists; this requires considerable manpower and time. We develop an automated skin segmentation algorithm where the surface skin is removed rapidly and correctly. The rough skin area is segmented by the active contour model, and analyzed in segments according to the continuity of the skin thickness for accuracy...
April 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665784/development-and-psychometric-testing-of-an-abridged-version-of-dundee-ready-educational-environment-measure-dreem
#20
Kathiresan Jeyashree, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Soundappan Kathirvel
BACKGROUND: Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) is a 50-item tool to assess the educational environment of medical institutions as perceived by the students. This cross-sectional study developed and validated an abridged version of the DREEM-50 with an aim to have a less resource-intensive (time, manpower), yet valid and reliable, version of DREEM-50 while also avoiding respondent fatigue. METHODS: A methodology similar to that used in the development of WHO-BREF was adopted to develop the abridged version of DREEM...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
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