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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224352/hcv-management-in-resource-constrained-countries
#1
REVIEW
Seng Gee Lim
With the arrival of all-oral directly acting antiviral (DAA) therapy with high cure rates, the promise of hepatitis C virus (HCV) eradication is within closer reach. The availability of generic DAAs has improved access to countries with constrained resources. However, therapy is only one component of the HCV care continuum, which is the framework for HCV management from identifying patients to cure. The large number of undiagnosed HCV cases is the biggest concern, and strategies to address this are needed, as risk factor screening is suboptimal, detecting <20% of known cases...
February 21, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208890/operational-assessment-of-icds-scheme-at-grass-root-level-in-a-rural-area-of-eastern-india-time-to-introspect
#2
Jyotiranjan Sahoo, Preetam B Mahajan, Sourabh Paul, Vikas Bhatia, Abhinash K Patra, Dilip Kumar Hembram
INTRODUCTION: Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS), a flagship program of Government of India (GoI) for early childhood development hasn't delivered the desired results since its inception four decades ago. This could be due to infrastructural problems, lack of awareness and proper utilization by the local people, inadequate program monitoring and corruption in food supplies, etc. This study is an audit of 36 Anganwadi centres at Khordha district, Odisha, to evaluate the implementation of the ICDS...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207082/the-infectious-disease-manpower-crisis-finding-the-cure
#3
Steven L Berk
The challenges of infectious diseases, including new pathogens, dangerous outbreaks, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and the perils of international travel have never been more publically appreciated. These challenges require a well-trained workforce of infectious disease specialists. Just when the need appears to be greatest, however, the interest in infectious diseases among today's young physicians is at its lowest point.
February 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144694/-nationwide-survey-among-institutes-of-microbiology-in-academic-medicine-is-the-interdisciplinary-approach-the-right-way-to-treat-patients-with-urogenital-infections
#4
L Schneidewind, J Kranz, D Schlager, A E Pelzer
BACKGROUND: Increasing antibiotic resistance is a current and severe problem in medicine, especially in urology. Multidisciplinary antibiotic stewardship programmes are an important approach to counteract increasing resistance rates. This approach includes collaboration between urologists and microbiologists. OBJECTIVES: The primary endpoint was to describe the current setting of interdisciplinary work of urologists and microbiologists in university hospitals in Germany...
January 31, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141611/an-exemplar-interprofessional-academic-emergency-nurse-practitioner-program-a-blueprint-for-success
#5
Dian Dowling Evans, Meredith Pollock Ashooh, Laura P Kimble, Katherine L Heilpern
Emergency department census rates and manpower gaps have continued to rise over the past decade, creating a demand for well-prepared emergency nurse practitioners (ENPs). The implementation of the consensus model for advanced practice nurses has brought acknowledgment by leading health care, physician, and nursing organizations of the ENP specialty as critical to building a high-quality emergency care workforce. Recognition of the ENP's unique skill set, and therefore need of specialty certification, has led to a growing interest in the expansion of nurse practitioner curricula in emergency care...
January 2017: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124016/effectiveness-of-early-clinical-exposure-in-learning-respiratory-physiology-among-the-newly-entrant-mbbs-students
#6
Piyali DAS, Subhradev Biswas, Ramji Singh, Sanhita Mukherjee, Sharmistha Ghoshal, Debasis Pramanik
INTRODUCTION: Early Clinical Exposure has been conceptualized to orient medical students towards actual clinical scenario and help them correlate their theoretical knowledge with real life situations in early years of MBBS courses. In the present study we explored the outcome of early clinical exposure in the context of basic science topics (Physiology) in fresh MBBS entrants and compared their performance with a conventionally taught control group. METHODS: One hundred fifty voluntary students of 1st year MBBS (2015-16) batch consisted the sample of this study...
January 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098082/occupational-health-profile-of-workers-employed-in-the-manufacturing-sector-of-india
#7
REVIEW
Shivali Suri, Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: The occupational health scenario of workers engaged in the manufacturing sector in India deserves attention for their safety and increasing productivity. We reviewed the status of the manufacturing sector, identified hazards faced by workers, and assessed the existing legislations and healthcare delivery mechanisms. METHODS: From October 2014 to March 2015, we did a literature review by manual search of pre-identified journals, general electronic search, electronic search of dedicated websites/databases and personal communication with experts of occupational health...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096908/is-there-a-manpower-crisis-looming-for-canadian-urology
#8
J Curtis Nickel, Omar Nazif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089294/the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-workforce-survey-for-the-section-on-urology-2015
#9
E Shapiro, Christopher S Cooper, S Greenfield
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Division of Workforce and Medical Education Policy assumed the task of organizing the updated AAP Workforce Survey, which was modeled after the Future of Pediatric Education II study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate changes in practice patterns of all pediatric medical and surgical specialists over time, to facilitate advocacy work by the Academy at federal and state levels...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078803/why-do-they-care-narratives-of-physician-volunteers-on-motivations-for-participation-in-short-term-medical-missions-abroad
#10
Paul H Caldron, Ann Impens, Milena Pavlova, Wim Groot
BACKGROUND: Short-term medical missions (STMMs) refer to the provision of direct pro bono medical services in lower and middle income countries for periods ranging from days to a few weeks by physicians from rich countries. Survey data have provided limited information on demographic and professional profiles of physicians as well as monetary and manpower inputs. Understanding why physicians participate, however, remains incomplete. The study's objective was to elicit physicians' motivations directly...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061987/management-of-multiple-myeloma-in-resource-constrained-settings
#11
REVIEW
Lalit Kumar, Ranjit Kumar Sahoo
The prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) has improved significantly in the past two decades. This is attributed to use of novel agents for induction, high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), maintenance therapy, and improved supportive care. Currently, evidence-based management guidelines/recommendations developed by International societies/groups are being followed partially in low-resource settings. Lack of quality diagnostics (eg, cytogenetics/fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), serum free light chains), novel therapeutics, and trained manpower, and limited financial resources are key challanges...
December 2016: Seminars in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055576/practical-guidelines-for-studies-on-sandfly-borne-phleboviruses-part-i-important-points-to-consider-ante-field-work
#12
Nazli Ayhan, Amal Baklouti, Jorian Prudhomme, Gernot Walder, Fatima Amaro, Bulent Alten, Sara Moutailler, Koray Ergunay, Remi N Charrel, Hartwig Huemer
The purpose of this review is to provide practical information to help researchers intending to perform "from field to laboratory" studies on phleboviruses transmitted by sandflies. This guideline addresses the different steps to be considered starting from the field collection of sandflies to the laboratory techniques aiming at the detection, isolation, and characterization of sandfly-borne phleboviruses. In this guideline article, we address the impact of various types of data for an optimal organization of the field work intending to collect wildlife sandflies for subsequent virology studies...
January 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054237/what-is-the-future-for-general-surgery-in-model-3-hospitals
#13
K Mealy, F Keane, P Kelly, G Kelliher
BACKGROUND: General Surgery consultant recruitment poses considerable challenges in Model 3 Hospitals in Ireland. AIM: The aim of this paper is to examine General Surgery activity and consultant staffing in order to inform future manpower and service planning. METHODS: General surgical activity in Model 3 Hospitals was examined using the validated 2014 Hospital Inpatient Enquiry (HIPE) dataset. Current consultant staffing was ascertained from hospital personnel departments and all trainees on the National Surgical Training Programme were asked to complete a questionnaire on their career intentions...
January 4, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053586/comparison-of-phenotypic-and-pcr-methods-for-detection-of-carbapenemases-production-by-enterobacteriaceae
#14
Maryam AlTamimi, Ali AlSalamah, Manal AlKhulaifi, Hisham AlAjlan
Dissemination of carbapenem resistance via Enterobacteriaceae, particularly among Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli, is a major public health concern. Rapid methods for determining antimicrobial susceptibility are important to ensure adequate and appropriate use of antimicrobial agents and to limit the spread of these bacteria. In the current study, we compared the rapidity, sensitivity and specificity of traditional methods and molecular-based Xpert Carba-R PCR assay to identify sixty isolates, (26 E...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050999/retaining-health-workforce-in-rural-and-underserved-areas-of-india-what-works-and-what-doesn-t-a-critical-interpretative-synthesis
#15
REVIEW
Sonu Goel, Federica Angeli, Nidhi Bhatnagar, Neetu Singla, Manoj Grover, Hans Maarse
BACKGROUND: Human resource for health is critical in quality healthcare delivery. India, with a large rural population (68.8%), needs to urgently bridge the gaps in health workforce deployment between urban and rural areas. METHODS: We did a critical interpretative synthesis of the existing literature by using a predefined selection criteria to assess relevant manuscripts to identify the reasons for retaining the health workforce in rural and underserved areas. We discuss different strategies for retention of health workforce in rural areas on the basis of four major retention interventions, viz...
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046789/su-f-p-13-nrg-oncology-medical-physics-manpower-survey-quantifying-support-demands-for-multi-institutional-clinical-trials
#16
J Monroe, K Boparai, Y Xiao, D Followill, J Galvin, J Sohn
PURPOSE: A survey was taken by NRG Oncology to assess Full Time Equivalent (FTE) contributions to multi institutional clinical trials by medical physicists.No current quantification of physicists' efforts in FTE units associated with clinical trials is available. The complexity of multi-institutional trials increases with new technologies and techniques. Proper staffing may directly impact the quality of trial data and outcomes. The demands on physics time supporting clinical trials needs to be assessed...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045885/moral-distress-model-reconstructed-using-grounded-theory
#17
Hsun-Kuei Ko, Chi-Chun Chin, Min-Tao Hsu
BACKGROUND: The problems of nurse burnout and manpower shortage relate to moral distress. Thus, having a good understanding of moral distress is critical to developing strategies that effectively improve the clinical ethical climate and improve nursing retention in Taiwan. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to reconstruct the model of moral distress using the grounded theory. METHODS: Twenty-five staff nurses at work units who attend to the needs of adult, pediatric, acute, and critical disease or end-of-life-care patients were recruited as participants using theoretical sampling from three teaching hospitals in Taiwan...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045803/the-employer-perspective-on-sustainable-employability-in-the-construction-industry
#18
Susanne C Tonnon, Rozan van der Veen, Marjan J Westerman, Suzan J W Robroek, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Allard J van der Beek, Karin I Proper
OBJECTIVE: To determine the measures employers in the construction industry take to promote sustainable employability, the barriers and facilitators that influence implementation and employer needs. METHODS: Questionnaire among 499 employers and interviews with 17 employers. RESULTS: Employers expressed a need for alternative jobs for workers who can no longer perform physically demanding tasks, as well as means to stimulate proactive employee behavior...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017124/measurement-of-scientific-productivity-in-r-d-sector-changing-paradigm
#19
Abhishek Kumar, Alpana Srivastava, R P Jeevan Kumar, Rajesh K Tiwari
Scientific Productivity is a demand of policy makers for a judicious utilization of massive R&D budget allocated and utilized. A huge mass of intellectual assets is employed, which after investing manpower, infrastructure and lab consumables demand for a major outcome which contributes towards building nation's economy. Scientific productivity was only measured thorough publications or patents. Patents, earmarked as a strong parameter for innovation generation, where, Word Intellectual Property Organisation generated a data on applications for the top 20 offices for patents, where Australia, Brazil and Canada occupied top 3 positions...
December 23, 2016: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012514/school-entry-level-tele-hearing-screening-in-a-town-in-south-india-lessons-learnt
#20
Saleth D Monica, Vidya Ramkumar, Mark Krumm, Nitya Raman, Roopa Nagarajan, Lakshmi Venkatesh
INTRODUCTION: School screening is warranted in developing countries that do not have newborn hearing screening as schools provide access to a large number of young children between 3 and 5 years of age. Due to scarcity of technical manpower and equipment, hearing screening programs are not often conducted in developing countries. In these circumstances, telehealth services appear to be a reasonable solution. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of school hearing screening using telehealth technology operated by a practitioner located 400 kms away at a distant hospital...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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