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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717770/national-cancer-control-programme-in-india-proposal-for-organization-of-chemotherapy-and-systemic-therapy-services
#1
Seema Gulia, Manju Sengar, Rajendra Badwe, Sudeep Gupta
Cancer is a major health problem in India, with an estimated incidence of 1 million cases in 2012 that is likely to double in 2035 to approximately 1.7 million. The majority of cases are diagnosed in advanced stages, and approximately two thirds of patients die as a result of their disease. The mortality-to-incidence ratio is 0.68 in India, which is far higher than that in developed countries (approximately 0.38). One of the important reasons for this discrepancy is inequitable distribution and inaccessibility of health care resources in India...
June 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714705/professional-psychology-in-germany-national-socialism-and-the-second-world-war
#2
Wolfgang Schönpflug
Hundreds of positions for psychologists were established after the National Socialists seized power in 1933. It has accordingly been asserted that professional psychology in Germany experienced significant growth during the National Socialist period. An analysis of archival materials and of a recent collection of biographies indicates otherwise, however. German psychology, in fact, declined because of systematic persecution and a surge of emigration, a deficit that subsequent cohorts were barely able to make up until 1945...
July 17, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706857/synergetic-role-of-integrating-the-departments-of-cancer-registry-and-clinical-research-at-an-academic-comprehensive-cancer-center
#3
REVIEW
McKenzie Bedra, Tammy Vyskocil, Jennifer Emel, Crystal Edwards, Cherif Boutros
Integration of the cancer registry and clinical research departments can have a significant impact on the accreditation process of a Commission on Cancer (CoC) Program. Here in we demonstrate that the integration of both departments will benefit as there is increased knowledge, manpower and crossover in job responsibilities in our CoC-accredited Academic Comprehensive Cancer Center. In our model this integration has led to a more successful cooperative interaction among departments, which has in turn created an enhanced combined effect on overall output and productivity...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700074/socially-assistive-robots-measuring-older-adults-perceptions
#4
Linda M Beuscher, Jing Fan, Nilanjan Sarkar, Mary S Dietrich, Paul A Newhouse, Karen F Miller, Lorraine C Mion
To address manpower shortages, health care leaders recommend technology, including robots, to facilitate and augment processes for delivery of efficient, safe care. Little is known regarding older adults' perceptions of socially assistive robots (SARs). Using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use Technology framework, a survey was developed and tested for capturing older adults' likelihood to use SARs. The Robot Acceptance Survey (RAS) comprises three subscales: Performance Expectancy, Effort Expectancy, and Attitude...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674822/a-fully-automated-simultaneous-single-stage-separation-of-sr-pb-and-nd-using-dga-resin-for-the-isotopic-analysis-of-marine-sediments
#5
A Retzmann, T Zimmermann, D Pröfrock, T Prohaska, J Irrgeher
A novel, fast and reliable sample preparation procedure for the simultaneous separation of Sr, Pb, and Nd has been developed for subsequent isotope ratio analysis of sediment digests. The method applying a fully automated, low-pressure chromatographic system separates all three analytes in a single-stage extraction step using self-packed columns filled with DGA Resin. The fully automated set-up allows the unattended processing of three isotopic systems from one sediment digest every 2 h, offering high sample throughput of up to 12 samples per day and reducing substantially laboratory manpower as compared to conventional manual methods...
July 4, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673102/open-reduction-assisted-with-an-external-fixator-and-internal-fixation-with-calcaneal-locking-plate-for-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures
#6
Hui Yao, Huading Lu, Huiqing Zhao, Lulu Lv, Gang Hou
BACKGROUND: The extensile lateral approach (ELA) has been considered to be a standard approach for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DICF) because it provides excellent exposure and allows direct reduction of the depressed posterior facet fragment. But continuous retraction during surgery needs sufficient manpower and may cause ischemia. Failure of rigid fixation of DICF will not allow for early weight bearing and may lead to a loss of reduction. To avoid these disadvantages, this study presents open reduction assisted with an external fixator and internal fixation with a calcaneal locking plate...
June 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669152/cervical-cancer-screening-in-resource-constrained-countries-current-status-and-future-directions
#7
REVIEW
Ruchika Gupta, Sanjay Gupta, Ravi Mehrotra, Pushpa Sodhani
Cervical cancer continues to be a major public health problem affecting large numbers of women in many developing countries. Limitations of various screening modalities and the lack of ready availability of a cost-effective point-of-care screening tool have hindered the efficient implementation of population-based screening programs in these settings. It has not proved possible for many countries to adopt cytology as a screening modality due to inadequate infrastructure and trained manpower. However, recent developments, notably design and testing of a low-cost HPV test kit and initiatives by countries like India in developing and putting into operation a framework for large-scale screening of women, have raised hopes that cervical cancer control may be possible even in resource-constrained locations...
June 25, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665056/improvement-in-the-survival-rates-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-after-the-establishment-of-the-korean-neonatal-network-comparison-between-the-2000s-and-2010s
#8
REVIEW
Sung Hoon Chung, Chong Woo Bae
The survival rate (SR) of very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs) and extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWIs) is a health indicator of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) outcomes. The Korean Neonatal Network (KNN) was established in 2013, and a system has been launched to manage the registration and quality improvement of VLBWIs. The SR of the VLBWIs significantly increased to 85.7% in the 2010s compared with 83.0% in the 2000s. There was also a significant increase in the SR of the ELBWIs from 66.1% to 70...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661112/-trends-in-the-rate-of-occupational-physicians-versus-manpower-in-israel-status-and-solutions
#9
Shlomo Moshe, Patricia Chuwers, Efrat Solomon Cohen
BACKGROUND: The specialization in occupational health was recognized in Israel in 1990. The number of specialists grew gradually over the years, yet a systematic analysis of occupational health physicians (OHP)/workers' ratio was never conducted. OBJECTIVES: To determine the trends of OHP/workers' ratio in Israel and the future activities needed in order to achieve the standards of developed countries. METHODS: The socio-demographic data was obtained by personal communication, from the Israeli Association of Occupational Medicine and Maccabi Health Services...
June 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655333/deworming-of-stray-dogs-and-wild-canines-with-praziquantel-laced-baits-delivered-by-an-unmanned-aerial-vehicle-in-areas-highly-endemic-for-echinococcosis-in-china
#10
Qing Yu, Ning Xiao, Shi-Jie Yang, Shuai Han
BACKGROUND: Canines, the definitive hosts for the parasites causing alveolar (AE) and cystic echinococcosis (CE), are the main source of this infections playing the key role in the transmission. The ten-year mortality rate of AE is extremely high (94%) if the patients are not given sustained treatment. The aim of this field study is to explore the possibility of delivery of praziquantel-laced baits using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) aimed at deworming wild canines in the endemic areas...
June 27, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645572/longitudinal-associations-between-mental-health-conditions-and-overactive-bladder-in-women-veterans
#11
Catherine S Bradley, Ingrid E Nygaard, Stephen L Hillis, James C Torner, Anne G Sadler
BACKGROUND: One in 5 recently deployed US women veterans report overactive bladder symptoms. Mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety commonly co-occur in women with overactive bladder, but temporal relationships between these outcomes have not been well studied, and the mechanism behind this association is unknown. The Women Veterans Urinary Health Study, a nationwide longitudinal study in recently deployed women veterans, was designed to better understand relationships between overactive bladder and mental health conditions...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638389/recognition-of-orobanche-cumana-below-ground-parasitism-through-physiological-and-hyper-spectral-measurements-in-sunflower-helianthus-annuus-l
#12
Amnon Cochavi, Tal Rapaport, Tania Gendler, Arnon Karnieli, Hanan Eizenberg, Shimon Rachmilevitch, Jhonathan E Ephrath
Broomrape (Orobanche and Phelipanche spp.) parasitism is a severe problem in many crops worldwide, including in the Mediterranean basin. Most of the damage occurs during the sub-soil developmental stage of the parasite, by the time the parasite emerges from the ground, damage to the crop has already been done. One feasible method for sensing early, below-ground parasitism is through physiological measurements, which provide preliminary indications of slight changes in plant vitality and productivity. However, a complete physiological field survey is slow, costly and requires skilled manpower...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617057/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-point-of-care-testing-device-sicklescan%C3%A2-in-screening-for-sickle-cell-disease
#13
Maxwell M Nwegbu, Hezekiah A Isa, Biyaya B Nwankwo, Chinedu C Okeke, Uduak J Edet-Offong, Norah O Akinola, Adekunle D Adekile, John C Aneke, Emmanuel C Okocha, Thomas Ulasi, Usman Abjah, Ngozi I Ugwu, Angela A Okolo, Anazoeze Madu, Ifeoma Emodi, Ahmed Girei, Taiwo M Balogun, Ijeoma N Diaku-Akinwumi, Chinatu Ohiaeri, Biobele J Brown, John A Olaniyi, Abdulaziz Hassan, Sani Awwalu, Dorothy A Okoh, Obiageli E Nnodu
Sickle cell disease affects about 150,000 births annually in Nigeria. Early diagnosis is hampered by factors such as centralized and urban localization of laboratories, high cost of diagnostic equipment and inadequate skilled manpower to operate them. The need for a low-cost, portable, easy-to-use diagnostic test for sickle cell disease is critical, especially in resource-poor countries. In this study, we evaluated the performance characteristics of a novel point-of-care testing device (SickleSCAN™), and its acceptability and feasibility, as a possible screening tool for sickle cell disease...
March 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616570/a-study-of-spectrum-of-rheumatic-heart-disease-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-central-nepal
#14
S Laudari, G Subramanyam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Rheumatic heart disease is one of the most common cause for heart failure and associated mortalities/morbidities in the young population in developing countries like Nepal imparting huge familial, social and manpower burden. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a hospital based descriptive cross-sectional study during June 2014 to April 2016 over a period of 22 months at College of Medical Sciences-Bharatpur including 235 patients with clinical and/or echocardiographic evidence of definite rheumatic heart disease...
June 2017: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604294/war-on-two-fronts-the-fight-against-parasites-in-korea-and-vietnam
#15
Mark Harrison, Sung Vin Yim
The Vietnam War has long been regarded as pivotal in the history of the Republic of Korea, although its involvement in this conflict remains controversial. While most scholarship has focused on the political and economic ramifications of the war - and allegations of brutality by Korean troops - few scholars have considered the impact of the conflict upon medicine and public health. This article argues that the war had a transformative impact on medical careers and public health in Korea, and that this can be most clearly seen in efforts to control parasitic diseases...
July 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601203/the-care-of-thermally-injured-patients-in-operational-austere-and-mass-casualty-situations
#16
REVIEW
Booker T King, Wylan C Peterson
Burn injury affects a half million people in the United States annually. The severe thermal injury can have long-term debilitating effects. The management of burn patients in austere and operational environments is more complex. Mass casualty incidents can result in a large number of patients with multiple traumatic injuries, which often include burn injury. Appropriate triage of casualties is essential. Severely burned patients should be evacuated to a burn center if possible. Airway management and fluid resuscitation of burn patients present unique challenges...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600140/income-generated-by-women-treated-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-based-brachytherapy-a-simulation-study-evaluating-the-macroeconomic-benefits-of-implementing-a-high-end-technology-in-a-public-sector-healthcare-setting
#17
Santam Chakraborty, Umesh Mahantshetty, Supriya Chopra, Shirley Lewis, Vinod Hande, Shivakumar Gudi, Rahul Krishnatry, Reena Engineer, Shyam Kishore Shrivastava
PURPOSE: To estimate the difference in income generated if all women presenting in our institute over a 5-year period were treated with MRI-based image-guided brachytherapy (MR-IGBT) instead of conventional radiograph-based brachytherapy (CR-BT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Outcome data from 463 patients (94 treated with MR-IGBT) treated in our institute was used to simulate cumulative women-days of work and cumulative income over 5 years for 5526 patients expected to be treated in this period...
June 6, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588013/building-a-visual-aid-for-a-triage-tool-in-a-developing-health-service
#18
Mir Saaduddin Ahmad, Darryl R Wood
Resources in the modern day emergency department are often stretched, and this holds true more so in developing services. With limited manpower, it is essential that efficient tools are created so that processes can be run safely. Here we pilot the use of a vital signs matrix in a medical camp in Dhaka to screen patients at triage. We further modified this matrix to include the National Early Warning Score as our recording of the NEWS have remained poor in triage. A trial and validation study for the use of this matrix in an NHS setting is currently underway...
June 6, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584837/hospital-managers-attitude-and-commitment-toward-electronic-medical-records-system-in-isfahan-hospitals-2014
#19
Maryam Jahanbakhsh, Saeed Karimi, Akbar Hassanzadeh, Maliheh Beigi
INTRODUCTION: Electronic medical record system (EMRS) is a valuable system for safe access to the patient's data and increases health care quality. Manpower is one of the requirements for EMRS, among which manager is the most important person in any hospital. Taking into account manager's positive attitude and good commitments, EMRS will be implemented successfully. As such, we decided to assess manager's attitude and commitment toward EMRS in Isfahan hospitals in the year of 2014. AIM: This article aimed to determine the hospital managers' attitude and commitment toward the implementation of EMRS...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561292/guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-scabies-in-japan-third-edition-executive-committee-of-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-scabies
#20
(no author information available yet)
In the current work, we present our new guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of scabies which we, the Executive Committee convened by the Japanese Dermatological Association, developed to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment of scabies in Japan. Approval of phenothrin topical use under the National Health Insurance in August 2014 led to this action. Permethrin, a topical anti-scabietic medication belonging to the same pyrethroid group as phenothrin, is already in use worldwide. In this guideline, we introduce criteria for a proper diagnosis of scabies, treatment algorithm for common and crusted (hyperkeratotic) scabies, and prevention...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
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