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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036605/survey-of-laboratory-practices-for-diagnosis-of-fungal-infection-in-seven-asian-countries-an-asia-fungal-working-group-afwg-initiative
#1
Ariya Chindamporn, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Ruoyu Li, Pei-Lun Sun, Ban-Hock Tan, Mitzi Chua, Retno Wahyuningsih, Atul Patel, Zhengyin Liu, Yee-Chun Chen, Methee Chayakulkeeree
An online survey of mycology laboratories in seven Asian countries was conducted to assess the status, competence, and services available. Country representatives from the Asia Fungal Working Group (AFWG) contacted as many laboratories performing mycology diagnosis as possible in their respective countries, requesting that the laboratory heads complete the online survey. In total, 241 laboratories responded, including 71 in China, 104 in India, 11 in Indonesia, 26 in the Philippines, four in Singapore, 18 in Taiwan, and seven in Thailand...
September 20, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029612/the-relative-efficiency-of-iranian-s-rural-traffic-police-a-three-stage-dea-model
#2
Habibollah Rahimi, Hamid Soori, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Seyed Abbas Motevalian, Adel Azar, Eskandar Momeni, Mehdi Javartani
BACKGROUND: Road traffic Injuries (RTIs) as a health problem imposes governments to implement different interventions. Target achievement in this issue required effective and efficient measures. Efficiency evaluation of traffic police as one of the responsible administrators is necessary for resource management. Therefore, this study conducted to measure Iran's rural traffic police efficiency. METHODS: This was an ecological study. To obtain pure efficiency score, three-stage DEA model was conducted with seven inputs and three output variables...
October 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022035/from-bolam-bolitho-to-modified-montgomery-a-paradigm-shift-in-the-legal-standard-of-determining-medical-negligence-in-singapore
#3
Han Yee Neo
In a recent landmark litigation, the Singapore Court of Appeal introduced a new legal standard for determining medical negligence with regards to information disclosure - the Modified-Montgomery test. This new test fundamentally shifts the legal position concerning the standard of care expected of a doctor when he dispenses medical advice. Previously, a doctor is expected to disclose what a "reasonable physician" would tell his patient. Now, a doctor must disclose "all material risks" that a "reasonable patient" would want to know under his unique circumstances...
September 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019076/starting-a-medical-technology-venture-as-a-young-academic-innovator-or-student-entrepreneur
#4
REVIEW
Amir Manbachi, Katlin Kreamer-Tonin, Philipp Walch, Nao J Gamo, Parastoo Khoshakhlagh, Yu Shrike Zhang, Charles Montague, Soumyadipta Acharya, Elizabeth A Logsdon, Robert H Allen, Nicholas J Durr, Mark G Luciano, Nicholas Theodore, Henry Brem, Youseph Yazdi
Following the footprints of Bill Gates, Steve Jobs and Mark Zuckerberg, there has been a misconception that students are better off quitting their studies to bring to life their ideas, create jobs and monetize their inventions. Having historically transitioned from manpower to mind power, we live in one of the most rapidly changing times in human history. As a result, academic institutions that are supposed to be pioneers and educators of the next generations have started to realize that they need to adapt to a new system, and change their policies to be more flexible towards patent ownership and commercialization...
October 10, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017657/-comparative-study-for-effects-of-bare-handed-cpr-with-thumper-cardiopulmonary-resuscitator-cpr-in-emergency-department-based-on-the-utstein-style
#5
Chongyang Zhang, Yaohui Wang, Hongwei Liu, Aixiang Hao, Junxiang Xun, Qingyi Meng
OBJECTIVE: To objectively and standardly compare the bare-handed CPR and Thumper cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR recovery effect based on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) Utstein model. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. CPR adult patients admitted to the Emergency Room of First Hospital of Qinhuangdao in Hebei Province from January 2015 to January 2017 were enrolled. Seventy patients who underwent CPR using the Thumper cardiopulmonary resuscitator were included in the Thumper CPR group; 80 patients who underwent manual hand-held CPR were included in the bare-handed CPR group...
October 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979617/cervical-cancer-in-zimbabwe-a-situation-analysis
#6
Oppah Kuguyo, Alice Matimba, Nomsa Tsikai, Thulani Magwali, Mugove Madziyire, Muchabayiwa Gidiri, Collet Dandara, Charles Nhachi
INTRODUCTION: Despite the wide-spread availability of cervical cancer prevention and screening programs in developed countries, the morbidity and mortality rates of cervical cancer in Zimbabwe are still very high. Limited resources as well as the high HIV prevalence are contributors to the high burden of cervical cancer. This paper aims to analyse the policies, frameworks and current practices in the management of cervical cancer in Zimbabwe. METHODS: A review of national documents and published literature on cervical cancer prevention, screening, treatment and knowledge in Zimbabwe was done...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950187/evaluation-of-nurses-workload-in-intensive-care-unit-of-a-tertiary-care-university-hospital-in-relation-to-the-patients-severity-of-illness-a-prospective-study
#7
Snjezana Kraljic, Marta Zuvic, Kristian Desa, Ana Blagaic, Vlatka Sotosek, Dragana Antoncic, Robert Likic
BACKGROUNDS: Costs of intensive care reach up to 30% of the hospital budget with workforce expenses being substantial. Determining proper nurse-patient ratio is necessary for optimizing patients' health related outcomes and hospitals' cost effective functioning. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate nurses' workload using Nine Equivalents of Nursing Manpower Use Score and Nursing Activities Score scoring systems while assessing correlation between both scores and the severity of illness measured by Simplified Acute Physiology Score II...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936274/a-review-on-wax-printed-microfluidic-paper-based-devices-for-international-health
#8
REVIEW
S Altundemir, A K Uguz, K Ulgen
Paper-based microfluidics has attracted attention for the last ten years due to its advantages such as low sample volume requirement, ease of use, portability, high sensitivity, and no necessity to well-equipped laboratory equipment and well-trained manpower. These characteristics have made paper platforms a promising alternative for a variety of applications such as clinical diagnosis and quantitative analysis of chemical and biological substances. Among the wide range of fabrication methods for microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs), the wax printing method is suitable for high throughput production and requires only a commercial printer and a heating source to fabricate complex two or three-dimensional structures for multipurpose systems...
July 2017: Biomicrofluidics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904248/the-system-and-human-resources-for-occupational-health-in-republic-of-indonesia-for-japanese-enterprises-to-manage-proper-occupational-health-activities-at-overseas-workplaces
#9
Ko Hiraoka, Shigeyuki Kajiki, Yuichi Kobayashi, Nuri Purwito Adi, Dewi Sumaryani Soemarko, Masamichi Uehara, Shigemoto Nakanishi, Koji Mori
OBJECTIVES: To consider the appropriate occupational health system for Japanese enterprises in Indonesia with information on the regulations and development of the specialists. METHODS: In this study, we used the information-gathering checklist developed by Kajiki et al. Along with literature and internet surveys, we surveyed local corporations owned and operated by Indonesians, central government agencies in charge of medical and health issues, a Japanese independent administrative agency supporting subsidiaries of overseas Japanese enterprises, and an educational institution formulating specialized occupational physician training curricula...
September 13, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895137/bringing-radical-behaviorism-to-revolutionary-brazil-and-back-fred-keller-s-personalized-system-of-instruction-and-cold-war-engineering-education
#10
Atsushi Akera
This article traces the shifting epistemic commitments of Fred S. Keller and his behaviorist colleagues during their application of Skinnerian radical behaviorism to higher education pedagogy. Building on prior work by Alexandra Rutherford and her focus on the successive adaptation of Skinnerian behaviorism during its successive applications, this study utilizes sociologist of science Karin Knorr Cetina's concept of epistemic cultures to more precisely trace the changes in the epistemic commitments of a group of radical behaviorists as they shifted their focus to applied behavioral analysis...
September 12, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894695/which-obstacles-prevent-us-from-recruiting-into-clinical-trials-a-survey-about-the-environment-for-clinical-studies-at-a-german-university-hospital-in-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#11
Christoph Straube, Peter Herschbach, Stephanie E Combs
BACKGROUND: Prospective clinical studies are the most important tool in modern medicine. The standard in good clinical practice in clinical trials has constantly improved leading to more sophisticated protocols. Moreover, translational questions are increasingly addressed in clinical trials. Such trials must follow elaborate rules and regulations. This is accompanied by a significant increase in documentation issues which require substantial manpower. Furthermore, university-based clinical centers are interested in increasing the amount of patients treated within clinical trials, and this number has evolved to be a key quality criterion...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890209/nursing-workload-and-adherence-to-non-pharmacological-measures-in-the-prevention-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-a-pilot-study
#12
R Jam, O Hernández, J Mesquida, C Turégano, E Carrillo, R Pedragosa, V Gómez, L Martí, J Vallés, P Delgado-Hito
OBJECTIVE: To analyse whether adherence to non-pharmacological measures in the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is associated with nursing workload. METHODS: A prospective observational study performed in a single medical-surgical ICU. Nurses in charge of patients under ventilator support were assessed. VARIABLES: knowledge questionnaire, application of non-pharmacological VAP prevention measures, and workload (Nine Equivalents of Nursing Manpower Use Score)...
September 7, 2017: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885954/medical-evaluation-board-for-mental-health-condition-u-s-army-officer-medical-evaluation-board-data-by-branch-and-component
#13
William A Thomas, Eric L Doane, Robert H Gallavan, Spencer Tavares, Mark C Jones
OBJECTIVE: A retrospective review of Medical Evaluation Board (MEB) data to determine the effect of career field or Army component on the relative risk for mental health (MH) related MEBs among Army Officers, may identify specific populations for enhanced screening before accession, or groups that may require targeted preventive resources during their careers. METHOD: 4 years' of data available on Army Officers from the Department of the Army's Electronic Disability Evaluation System database, contained specific information on the officers' physical profiles, career fields, and service component...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866983/patterns-of-tsetse-abundance-and-trypanosome-infection-rates-among-habitats-of-surveyed-villages-in-maasai-steppe-of-northern-tanzania
#14
Anibariki Ngonyoka, Paul S Gwakisa, Anna B Estes, Linda P Salekwa, Happiness J Nnko, Peter J Hudson, Isabella M Cattadori
BACKGROUND: Changes of land cover modify the characteristics of habitat, host-vector interaction and consequently infection rates of disease causing agents. In this paper, we report variations in tsetse distribution patterns, abundance and infection rates in relation to habitat types and age in the Maasai Steppe of northern Tanzania. In Africa, Tsetse-transmitted trypanosomiasis negatively impacted human life where about 40 million people are at risk of contracting the disease with dramatic socio-economical consequences, for instance, loss of livestock, animal productivity, and manpower...
September 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853633/treatment-gaps-in-parkinson-s-disease-care-in-the-philippines
#15
Roland Dominic G Jamora, Janis M Miyasaki
Neurological services and resources are scarce in low-income and developing countries, such as the Philippines. We looked into the treatment gaps in Parkinson's disease (PD) care in the Philippines in the following areas: epidemiology, healthcare, financial coverage, pharmacotherapy, surgical treatment and manpower. We collected relevant data on the above-mentioned areas. There is no available Philippine data on PD prevalence. Philippine healthcare is paid through user fees at the point of service. The average consultation fee in Manila ranges from US$10...
August 30, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838158/routine-immunization-service-delivery-through-the-basic-package-of-health-services-program-in-afghanistan-gaps-challenges-and-opportunities
#16
Chukwuma Mbaeyi, Noor Shah Kamawal, Kimberly A Porter, Adam Khan Azizi, Iftekhar Sadaat, Stephen Hadler, Derek Ehrhardt
Background: The Basic Package of Health Services (BPHS) program has increased access to immunization services for children living in rural Afghanistan. However, multiple surveys have indicated persistent immunization coverage gaps. Hence, to identify gaps in implementation, an assessment of the BPHS program was undertaken, with specific focus on the routine immunization (RI) component. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2014 on a representative sample drawn from a sampling frame of 1858 BPHS health facilities...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812961/community-managed-services-for-persons-with-intellectual-disability-andhra-pradesh-experience
#17
Jayanthi Narayan, Raja Pratapkumar, Sudhakara P Reddy
In resource poor settings innovative and bottom-up approaches are required to provide services to people with with disabilities. In this context, the present paper explains a community-based model of manpower development and coordination of services for people with intellectual disabilities in unified state of Andhra Pradesh in India. Women with disabilities from the village were identified, and those willing to be trained to work as community resource persons (CRPs) were selected and given hands-on training in a phased manner...
September 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812823/an-assessment-of-national-maternal-and-child-health-policy-makers-knowledge-and-capacity-for-evidence-informed-policy-making-in-nigeria
#18
Chigozie Jesse Uneke, Issiaka Sombie, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest globally in the use of more rigorous processes to ensure that maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence use. The purpose of this study was to engage Nigerian MNCH policy-makers and other stakeholders to consider issues around research to policy and practice interface and to assess their existing knowledge and capacity on the use of research evidence for policy-making and practice...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758941/quick-estimation-model-for-the-concentration-of-indoor-airborne-culturable-bacteria-an-application-of-machine-learning
#19
Zhijian Liu, Hao Li, Guoqing Cao
Indoor airborne culturable bacteria are sometimes harmful to human health. Therefore, a quick estimation of their concentration is particularly necessary. However, measuring the indoor microorganism concentration (e.g., bacteria) usually requires a large amount of time, economic cost, and manpower. In this paper, we aim to provide a quick solution: using knowledge-based machine learning to provide quick estimation of the concentration of indoor airborne culturable bacteria only with the inputs of several measurable indoor environmental indicators, including: indoor particulate matter (PM2...
July 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737759/outcome-of-universal-newborn-eye-screening-with-wide-field-digital-retinal-image-acquisition-system-a-pilot-study
#20
P Goyal, T R Padhi, T Das, L Pradhan, S Sutar, S Butola, U C Behera, L Jain, S Jalali
PurposeTo evaluate the outcome of universal newborn eye screening with wide-field digital retinal imaging (WFDRI) system.MethodsIn this pilot study, we examined 1152 apparently healthy newborn infants in the obstetrics and gynecology ward of a civil hospital in Eastern India over 1.5 years. The examination included external eye examination, red reflex test and fundus imaging by WFDRI (RetCam II, Clarity medical system, Pleasanton, CA, USA) by a trained optometrist. The pathologies detected, net monetary gain and skilled manpower saved were documented...
July 24, 2017: Eye
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