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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655907/improving-the-visibility-of-intravenous-iv-site-in-pediatric-patients-to-reduce-iv-site-related-complications-an-evidence-based-utilization-project
#1
Eunice Ya Ping Lim, Cassandra Yuit Wah Wong, Lay Kee Kek, Siti Suhaila Binte Mohd Suhairi, Wai Kin Yip
PURPOSE: This project aims to improve the visibility of the IV site using more adhesive transparent dressings to attain 90% compliance based on the frequent and proper inspection of the IV site and decrease the incidence of IV complications. DESIGN AND METHOD: The project was conducted in a 43-bedded general pediatric ward from March 2016 to February 2017. To address the poor visibility of the IV site due to bandaging caused by poor adhesive strength of the IV securement dressing, a more adhesive securement dressing was introduced...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650178/the-effective-needle-stick-injury-prevention-strategies-for-nursing-students-in-the-clinical-settings-a-literature-review
#2
Hanny Handiyani, L Meily Kurniawidjaja, Dewi Irawaty, Rita Damayanti
OBJECTIVE: Nursing students are prone to needle stick injuries (NSIs) during their practice in the hospitals. This study aimed to identify the effective NSI prevention strategies for nursing students in the clinical settings. METHOD: Literature review was performed using the databases of ScienceDirect, ProQuest, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, CINAHL, SpringerLink, JSTOR, and PubMed. The search terms of "nursing students", "NSI incidents", "prevention", and "clinical settings" were entered, generating 103 articles published between 1991 and 2015...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648523/feasibility-and-costs-of-a-targeted-cholera-vaccination-campaign-in-ethiopia
#3
Samuel Teshome, Sachin Desai, Jerome H Kim, Dires Belay, Vittal Mogasale
Shanchol™, a WHO-prequalified oral cholera vaccine (OCV), has been used to control endemic cholera in Asia, as well as in emergencies and outbreaks elsewhere. The vaccine has not been used by public health systems in cholera-endemic settings of Africa although several outbreak response campaigns have been conducted. Here we present experiences from a mass vaccination campaign in a cholera-endemic setting of Ethiopia in which Shanchol™ was introduced through the public health system. The vaccination site was selected based on cholera cases reported in previous years...
April 12, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644022/assessing-nesting-status-of-green-turtles-chelonia-mydas-in-perak-malaysia
#4
Sarahaizad Mohd Salleh, Shahrul Anuar Mohd Sah, Ahmed Jalal Khan Chowdhury
The nesting of green turtle ( Chelonia mydas ) was monitored from 1998 untill 2013 along the beaches of Pasir Panjang, Segari, Perak. The objective of the study is to assess the nesting status of green turtles in Perak, Peninsular Malaysia in terms of total nests, eggs, survival hatchings, and density of visitors. A total number of green turtle nests found for 16 years were 1,019 nests and varied from 10 to 220 nests per year. Meanwhile, the sum of eggs collected for 16 years were 107,820 eggs, and varied from 553 to 20,881 eggs per year...
March 2018: Tropical Life Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626140/military-application-of-mechanical-cpr-devices-a-pressing-requirement
#5
EDITORIAL
Iain T Parsons, A T Cox, P S C Rees
Maintaining high-quality chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation following cardiac arrest presents a challenge. The currently available mechanical CPR (mCPR) devices are described in this review, coupled with an analysis of the evidence pertaining to their efficacy. Overall, mCPR appears to be at least equivalent to high-quality manual CPR in large trials. There is potential utility for mCPR devices in the military context to ensure uninterrupted quality CPR following a medical cardiac arrest...
April 6, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622474/the-burden-of-not-weighted-factors-nursing-workload-in-a-medical-intensive-care-unit
#6
Enrico Giuliani, Giovanni Lionte, Paola Ferri, Alberto Barbieri
OBJECTIVES: Body weight and infection status affect nursing workload and are not accounted for in the Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System 28 (TISS-28) and Nine Equivalents of Nursing Manpower Use Score (NEMS). The objective of this study was to analyse the correlation between weight and infection status with TISS 28 and NEMS in a cohort of medical Intensive Care Unit patients. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: A retrospective observational trial was conducted on the nursing records of 26 randomly selected patients over a 12-month period...
April 2, 2018: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613879/the-relationship-between-nursing-workload-quality-of-care-and-nursing-payment-in-intensive-care-units
#7
Li-Yin Chang, Hsiu-Hui Yu, Yann-Fen C Chao
BACKGROUND: Nursing workload is highly associated with patient safety. It has been argued that the imbalance between nursing payment and nursing workload in Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI)-covered intensive care units (ICUs) has resulted in the inadequate allocation of nursing manpower. However, limited empirical data are currently available to support this argument. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between nursing workload, quality of care, and NHI-covered nursing payments in ICU settings...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600516/obliquely-arranged-double-skin-paddles-a-novel-design-to-reconstruct-extensive-head-and-neck-defects-with-a-single-fibula-or-peroneal-flap
#8
Ying-Sheng Lin, Wen-Chung Liu, Kuan-Ying Wang, Yaoh-Shiang Lin, Kuo-Chung Yang
OBJECTIVE: To reconstruct extensive head and neck defects usually necessitates double free flaps, which require a time-and-manpower-consuming surgical procedure. We present using a single fibula or peroneal flap with the novel design of obliquely-arranged double skin paddles to reconstruct an extensive head and neck defect. METHODS: From 1998 to 2016, eight patients with the age of 52.25 (35-71) years old had extensive head and neck defects after oral cancer ablation...
March 30, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527045/reminiscences-and-reflections-on-growth-of-psychiatry-in-india
#9
Shridhar Sharma
The paper is an autobiographical account of growth of Psychiatry in India, during the last six decades. It highlights on the development of treatment modalities in psychiatry especially on psychopharmacological drugs. The establishment of general hospital psychiatry and manpower development in the field of mental health are other areas which are discussed.
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506155/work-leave-rotation-pattern-and-incidence-of-offshore-workplace-injury
#10
S Massey
Background: Studies on work-leave rotation pattern and work place injuries among offshore oil and gas workers have been few and limited to a 2- or 3-week rotation schedule. Aims: To examine incidence of workplace injury in relation to the duration of time into work rotation for extended work schedules up to 24 weeks. Methods: Six-year injury data on four offshore installations were extracted. Data were analysed for incidence of injury over time and relative risk using linear trend lines and regression...
February 28, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501057/impact-of-the-implementation-of-vasoactive-drug-protocols-on-costs-in-the-treatment-of-critically-ill-patients
#11
Isabel Cuesta-López, Marina Sánchez-Cuervo, Ángel Candela-Toha, Juana Benedí-González, Teresa Bermejo-Vicedo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of the protocolization and centralization of  the preparation of intravenous vasoactive drug mixtures in the treatment of  critically ill patients. METHOD: A prospective interventional study (July 2012-December 2014) was  conducted to measure the impact of different vasoactive drug protocols on costs  in the treatment of critically ill patients. The economic impact was measured by  comparing the direct costs (fixed and variable) of the preparation of intravenous  vasoactive drug mixtures in the Pharmacy Department with their traditional  preparation in hospital care units...
March 1, 2018: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480732/how-to-assess-quality-of-research-in-iran-from-input-to-impact-introduction-of-peer-based-research-evaluation-model-in-iran
#12
Asghar Ebadifar, Monir Baradaran Eftekhari, Parviz Owlia, Elham Habibi, Elham Ghalenoee, Mohammad Reza Bagheri, Katayoun Falahat, Masoumeh Eltemasi, Zahra Sobhani, Shahin Akhondzadeh
BACKGROUND: Research evaluation is a systematic and objective process to measure relevance, efficiency and effectiveness of research activities, and peer review is one of the most important tools for assessing quality of research. The aim of this study was introducing research evaluation indicators based on peer reviewing. METHODS: This study was implemented in 4 stages. A list of objective-oriented evaluation indicators were designed in 4 axes, including; governance and leadership, structure, knowledge production and research impact...
November 1, 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480730/medical-science-and-research-in-iran
#13
Shahin Akhondzadeh, Asghar Ebadifar, Monir Baradaran Eftekhari, Katayoun Falahat
BACKGROUND: During the last 3 decades, Iran has experienced a rapid population growth and at the same time the health of Iranian people has improved greatly. This achievement was mainly due to training and availability of health manpower, well organized public health network and medical science and research improvement. In this article, we aimed to report the relevant data about the medical science and research situation in Iran and compare them with other countries. METHODS: In this study, after reviewing science development and research indicators in medical sciences with participation of key stakeholders, we selected 3 main hybrid indexes consisting of "Research and Development (R&D) expenditures," "Personnel in Science and Technology sector" and "knowledge generation" for evaluation of medical science and research situation...
November 1, 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468718/nurses-turnover-intention-the-impact-of-leader-member-exchange-organizational-identification-and-job-embeddedness
#14
Decha Dechawatanapaisal
AIM: To examine the influence of three factors on turnover intention: leader-member exchange quality, organizational identification and job embeddedness. This area of inquiry has not been fully investigated in the literature. BACKGROUND: Employee turnover, particularly of professionals, becomes a very challenging issue. It continually affects organizations in terms of resourcing and developmental costs, manpower instability, day-to-day operations, perception of quality care and efficiency...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465977/the-potential-utility-of-metal-organic-framework-mof-based-platform-for-sensing-pesticides
#15
K Vikrant, Daniel Cw Tsang, Nadeem Raza, Giri Balendu Shekher, Deepak Kukkar, Ki-Hyun Kim
The progress in modern agricultural practices could not have been realized without the large-scale contribution of assorted pesticides (e.g., organophosphates [OPs] and non-organophosphates [non-OPs]). Precise tracking of these chemicals has become a crucial component for safeguarding the environment and food resources owing to their very high toxicity. Hence, the development of sensitive and convenient sensors for the on-site detection of pesticides is imperative to overcome practical limitations encountered in conventional methodologies which require skilled manpower at the expense of high cost and low portability...
February 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462865/a-novel-method-of-autonomous-inspection-for-transmission-line-based-on-cable-inspection-robot-lidar-data
#16
Xinyan Qin, Gongping Wu, Jin Lei, Fei Fan, Xuhui Ye, Quanjie Mei
With the growth of the national economy, there is increasing demand for electricity, which forces transmission line corridors to become structurally complicated and extend to complex environments (e.g., mountains, forests). It is a great challenge to inspect transmission line in these regions. To address these difficulties, a novel method of autonomous inspection for transmission line is proposed based on cable inspection robot (CIR) LiDAR data, which mainly includes two steps: preliminary inspection and autonomous inspection...
February 15, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440959/assessment-of-orthodontic-treatment-need-among-tribal-children-of-indore-division-central-india
#17
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Astha Chauhan, Srinivasa Gowda, Rutuja Ambekar, Bhupendra S Rathore, Sakshi Chabra, Afsheen Lalani, Harsh Harani
Introduction: India is home to many tribes which have an interesting and varied history of origins, customs and social practices. Oral health care in tribal areas is limited due to shortage of dental manpower, financial constraints and the lack of perceived need for dental care among tribal masses. Objective: To assess orthodontic treatment need among tribal children of Indore division, Central India. Methods: A cross-sectional house to house survey was carried out among 800 tribal children aged 5 to 15 years old in two major tribal districts of Indore division...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425259/repeating-critical-hematology-and-coagulation-values-wastes-resources-lengthens-turnaround-time-and-delays-clinical-action
#18
Su-Chieh Pamela Sun, JuanDavid Garcia, Joshua A Hayden
Objectives: To determine the need and impact of repeating critical values in hematology and coagulation. Methods: We prospectively evaluated the need for repeating critical values. The cost of this practice was estimated using a workflow analysis. Retrospective chart review before and after removal of this process was performed to assess the clinical impact of removing this practice. Results: Over 95% of the repeated values remained critical and all but one of the repeats were within the expected analytical precision of the assays...
February 17, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408685/perspectives-on-diagnostic-strategies-for-hyperglycemia-in-pregnancy-dealing-with-the-barriers-and-challenges-in-south-asia
#19
Anil Kapur, Hema Divakar, Veeraswamy Seshiah
Estimates indicate that south Asia accounts for over two fifths of the global burden of hyperglycemia in pregnancy (HIP) and the ongoing nutritional and epidemiological transition may make the situation worse. Given the high risk all women of south Asian decent require to be tested for HIP. With approximately 37 million births annually in the region at least 37 million women require to be tested annually placing a huge burden on the fragile inadequately resourced health systems in the region with poor awareness and lack of trained manpower...
February 1, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402682/association-between-patient-classification-systems-and-nurse-staffing-costs-in-intensive-care-units-an-exploratory-study
#20
Siv K Stafseth, Tor Inge Tønnessen, Lisbeth Fagerström
OBJECTIVES: Nurse staffing costs represent approximately 60% of total intensive care unit costs. In order to analyse resource allocation in intensive care, we examined the association between nurse staffing costs and two patient classification systems: the nursing activities score (NAS) and nine equivalents of nursing manpower use score (NEMS). RESEARCH METHODOLOGY/DESIGN: A retrospective descriptive correlational analysis of nurse staffing costs and data of 6390 patients extracted from a data warehouse...
April 2018: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
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