keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

deficit

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330293/effect-of-reduced-plant-height-on-drought-tolerance-in-rice
#1
Asadollah Ahmadikhah, Amir Marufinia
Drought stress due to water deficit is a major problem of rice cultivation as a most drought-sensitive crop plant. A rice mutant line (MT58) was developed after mutagenesis of cv. Neda by ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS) and selected for dwarfism (18 cm shorter than Neda). The extent of its molecular changes relative to parental cultivar was assessed by SSR and ISSR markers, and the response of the line along with parental cultivar and another mutant line (MTA) to mild and severe water deficit, was evaluated in a field experiment...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329782/theories-of-memory-and-aging-a-look-at-the-past-and-a-glimpse-of-the-future
#2
Denise C Park, Sara B Festini
The present article reviews theories of memory and aging over the past 50 years. Particularly notable is a progression from early single-mechanism perspectives to complex multifactorial models proposed to account for commonly observed age deficits in memory function. The seminal mechanistic theories of processing speed, limited resources, and inhibitory deficits are discussed and viewed as especially important theories for understanding age-related memory decline. Additionally, advances in multivariate techniques including structural equation modeling provided new tools that led to the development of more complex multifactorial theories than existed earlier...
June 2, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329000/trajectory-formation-principles-are-the-same-after-mild-or-moderate-stroke
#3
Denis Mottet, Liesjet Elisabeth Henriette van Dokkum, Jérôme Froger, Abdelkader Gouaïch, Isabelle Laffont
When we make rapid reaching movements, we have to trade speed for accuracy. To do so, the trajectory of our hand is the result of an optimal balance between feed-forward and feed-back control in the face of signal-dependant noise in the sensorimotor system. How far do these principles of trajectory formation still apply after a stroke, for persons with mild to moderate sensorimotor deficits who recovered some reaching ability? Here, we examine the accuracy of fast hand reaching movements with a focus on the information capacity of the sensorimotor system and its relation to trajectory formation in young adults, in persons who had a stroke and in age-matched control participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328830/effects-of-cannabis-use-and-subclinical-depression-on-the-p3-event-related-potential-in-an-emotion-processing-task
#4
Lucy J Troup, Robert D Torrence, Jeremy A Andrzejewski, Jacob T Braunwalder
The effects of residual cannabis use on emotional expression recognition and the P3 event-related potential in participants who scored highly for subclinical depression were investigated. Comparisons were made between participants who were classified as depressed or nondepressed cannabis users, depressed non-cannabis users and controls who neither used cannabis nor were characterized as being depressed. In an emotional expression recognition task, participants were asked to respond to faces depicting happy, angry, fearful, and neutral faces either implicitly, explicitly, or empathically...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328806/craniosynostosis-scheuermann-s-disease-and-intellectual-disability-resembling-shprintzen-goldberg-syndrome-a-report-on-a-family-over-4-generations-case-report
#5
Ali Al Kaissi, Zahra Marrakchi, Nabil M Nassib, Jochen Hofstaetter, Franz Grill, Rudolf Ganger, Susanne Gerit Kircher
RATIONALE: Craniosynostosis is a disorder characterized by premature fusion of cranial sutures with subsequent development of abnormal craniofacial contour associated with variable skeletal and extra-skeletal abnormalities. In this family syndromic type of craniosynostosis was recognized and the etiology behind diverse forms of deformities have been diagnosed. PATIENT CONCERNS: The negative impact of the disorder on the child and his family is enormous. Particularly when the diagnosis is late and little can be done...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328758/posttransfusion-increase-of-hematocrit-per-se-does-not-improve-circulatory-oxygen-delivery-due-to-increased-blood-viscosity
#6
Robert Zimmerman, Amy G Tsai, Beatriz Y Salazar Vázquez, Pedro Cabrales, Axel Hofmann, Jens Meier, Aryeh Shander, Donat R Spahn, Joel M Friedman, Daniel M Tartakovsky, Marcos Intaglietta
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion is used to treat acute anemia with the goal of increasing blood oxygen-carrying capacity as determined by hematocrit (Hct) and oxygen delivery (DO2). However, increasing Hct also increases blood viscosity, which may thus lower DO2 if the arterial circulation is a rigid hydraulic system as the resistance to blood flow will increase. The net effect of transfusion on DO2 in this system can be analyzed by using the relationship between Hct and systemic blood viscosity of circulating blood at the posttransfusion Hct to calculate DO2 and comparing this value with pretransfusion DO2...
March 21, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328695/effect-of-biperiden-treatment-in-acute-orofacial-and-extremity-dyskinesia-with-methylphenidate-therapy
#7
Elif Acar Arslan, Erhan Arslan, Anil Kilinç, Özkan Göksu
Methylphenidate is a stimulant drug commonly prescribed to individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The suggested underlying mechanism of acute dyskinesias is dopaminergic transmission increase. We describe a 9-year-old boy with a diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder admitted to emergency clinic with primarily orofacial and extremity dyskinesia after administration of a first dose of 18 mg OROS (osmotic [controlled] release oral) methylphenidate (Concerta). OROS methylphenidate was discontinued, and the patient's symptoms resolved within 20 minutes after injection of biperiden by intravenous route (0...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328676/correlation-between-factor-f-xia-fixa-and-tissue-factor-and-trauma-severity
#8
Shannon M Prior, Mitchell J Cohen, Amanda S Conroy, Mary F Nelson, Lucy Z Kornblith, Benjamin M Howard, Saulius Butenas
BACKGROUND: It has been observed that trauma patients often display elevated procoagulant activity that could be caused, in part, by tissue factor (TF). We previously observed that trauma patients with thermal, blunt and penetrating injuries have active FIXa and FXIa in their plasma. In the current study we evaluated the effect of injury severity, with or without accompanying shock, on the frequency and concentration of TF, FIXa and FXIa in plasma from trauma patients. METHODS: Eighty trauma patients were enrolled and divided equally into 4 groups based on their injury severity score (ISS) and base deficit (BD):Group 1: Non-severe injury, no shockGroup 2: Non-severe injury, with shockGroup 3: Severe injury, no shockGroup 4: Severe injury, with shockBlood was collected at a 0 time-point (first blood draw upon arrival at hospital) and citrate plasma was prepared, frozen and stored at -80C...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328653/somatosensory-functions-in-survivors-of-critical-illness
#9
Philipp Baumbach, Theresa Götz, Albrecht Günther, Thomas Weiss, Winfried Meissner
OBJECTIVES: There is growing evidence for increased levels of pain and reduced health-related quality of life in survivors of critical illness. Recent studies showed marked small nerve fiber pathology in critically ill patients, which may contribute to chronic pain states and reduced physical recovery after ICU discharge. Primary objective of this study was the comparison of somatosensory functions between survivors of critical illness 6 months after ICU discharge and controls. In post hoc analyses, we aimed to identify associations between small fiber deficits, pain, health-related quality of life, and clinical data...
March 21, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328640/we-are-going-to-name-names-and-call-you-out-improving-the-team-in-the-academic-operating-room-environment
#10
Richard Bodor, Brian J Nguyen, Kevin Broder
INTRODUCTION: Communication failures between multidisciplinary teams can impact efficiency, performance, and morale. Academic operating rooms (ORs) often have surgical, anesthesia, and nursing teams, each teaching multiple trainees. Incorrectly identifying name and "rank" (postgraduate year [PGY]) of resident trainees can disrupt performance evaluations and team morale and even potentially impair delivery of quality care when miscommunication errors proliferate. METHODS: Our OR-based survey asked 50 participants (18 surgeons, 14 anesthesiologists, and 18 nursing members), to recall basic identification data including provider names and PGY levels from their recent collaborating OR teams...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328563/patients-without-intraoperative-neuromonitoring-ionm-alerts-during-veptr-implantation-did-not-sustain-neurological-injury-during-subsequent-routine-expansions-a-retrospective-multicenter-cohort-study
#11
Jaren LaGreca, Tara Flynn, Patrick J Cahill, Amer Samdani, Michael G Vitale, Ron El-Hawary, John T Smith, Jonathan H Phillips, John M Flynn, Michael Glotzbecker, Sumeet Garg
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of intraoperative neurological monitoring (IONM) alerts and neurological injury during vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib (VEPTR) treatment and evaluate the utility of IONM during VEPTR expansion procedures in patients who have not previously had neurological injury or IONM alerts. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, VEPTR procedures and IONM records were reviewed at 17 institutions for patients treated with VEPTR from 2005 to 2011...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328241/perfusion-ct-in-acute-stroke-effectiveness-of-automatically-generated-colour-maps
#12
Maja Ukmar, Ferruccio Degrassi, Roberta Antea Pozzi Mucelli, Francesca Neri, Fabio Pozzi Mucelli, Maria Assunta Cova
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of perfusion CT (pCT) in the definition of the infarcted core and the penumbra, comparing the data obtained from the evaluation of parametric maps [cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral blood flow (CBF) and mean transit time (MTT)] with software-generated colour maps. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed to identify patients with suspected acute ischaemic strokes and who had undergone unenhanced CT and pCT carried out within 4...
April 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328236/treated-prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-increased-from-2009-to-2015-among-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#13
Kwame A Nyarko, Scott D Grosse, Melissa L Danielson, Joseph R Holbrook, Susanna N Visser, Stuart K Shapira
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this brief is to describe changes in the treated prevalence of medically managed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among insured school-aged children and adolescents in the United States from 2009 to 2015. We examine the differences between those with employer-sponsored insurance (ESI) and with Medicaid insurance. METHODS: We utilized two large longitudinal administrative datasets containing medical and drug claims data on individuals with ESI and Medicaid insurance from Truven Health MarketScan(®) Administrative Claims Databases...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328124/exome-sequencing-identifies-novel-ntrk1-mutations-in-patients-with-hsan-iv-phenotype
#14
Ruqaiah Altassan, Haya Al Saud, Tariq Ahmad Masoodi, Haya Al Dosssari, Ola Khalifa, Hamad Al-Zaidan, Nadia Sakati, Zuhair Rhabeeni, Zuhair Al-Hassnan, Yousef Binamer, Nadia Alhashemi, William Wade, Zayed Al-Zayed, Moeen Al-Sayed, Mohamed A Al-Muhaizea, Brian Meyer, Mohammad Al-Owain, Salma M Wakil
Hereditary sensory autonomic neuropathy type IV (HSAN-IV) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that usually begins in infancy and is characterized by anhidrosis, insensitivity to noxious stimuli leading to self-mutilating behavior, and intellectual disability. HSAN-IV is caused by mutations in the neurotrophic tyrosine kinase receptor type 1 gene, NTRK1, encoding the high-affinity receptor of nerve growth factor (NGF) which maps to chromosome 1q21-q22. Patients with HSAN-IV lack all NGF-dependent neurons, the primary afferents and sympathetic postganglionic neurons leading to lack of pain sensation and the presence of anhidrosis, respectively...
April 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327947/factors-associated-with-pre-and-postoperative-seizures-in-1033-patients-undergoing-supratentorial-meningioma-resection
#15
William C Chen, Stephen T Magill, Dario J Englot, Joe D Baal, Sagar Wagle, Jonathan W Rick, Michael W McDermott
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for pre- and postoperative seizures in supratentorial meningiomas are understudied compared to other brain tumors. OBJECTIVE: To report seizure frequency and identify factors associated with pre- and postoperative seizures in a large single-center population study of patients undergoing resection of supratentorial meningioma. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 1033 subjects undergoing resection of supratentorial meningioma at the author's institution (1991-2014)...
March 15, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327942/evaluation-of-the-high-frequency-monopolar-stimulation-technique-for-mapping-and-monitoring-the-corticospinal-tract-in-patients-with-supratentorial-gliomas-a-proposal-for-intraoperative-management-based-on-neurophysiological-data-analysis-in-a-series-of-ninety
#16
Gerard Plans, Isabel Fernández-Conejero, Xavier Rifà-Ros, Alejandro Fernández-Coello, Aleix Rosselló, Andreu Gabarrós
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative identification and preservation of the corticospinal tract is often necessary for glioma resection. OBJECTIVE: To make a proposal for intraoperative management with the high-frequency monopolar stimulation technique for monitoring the corticospinal tract. METHODS: Ninety-two patients operated on with the assistance of the high-frequency monopolar stimulation. Clinical and neurophysiological data have been related with the motor status at 3 months to establish prognostic factors of motor deterioration...
January 13, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327868/resveratrol-treatment-normalizes-the-endothelial-function-and-blood-pressure-in-ovariectomized-rats
#17
Victor Fabricio, Jorge Camargo Oishi, Bruna Gabriele Biffe, Leandro Dias Gonçalves Ruffoni, Karina Ana da Silva, Keico Okino Nonaka, Gerson Jhonatan Rodrigues
Background: Despite knowing that resveratrol has effects on blood vessels, blood pressure and that phytostrogens can also improve the endothelium-dependent relaxation/vasodilation, there are no reports of reveratrol's direct effect on the endothelial function and blood pressure of animals with estrogen deficit (mimicking post-menopausal increased blood pressure). Objective: To verify the effect of two different periods of preventive treatment with resveratrol on blood pressure and endothelial function in ovariectomized young adult rats...
February 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327819/cellular-immunodeficiency-related-to-chronic-dermatophytosis-in-a-patient-with-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-can-schistosomiasis-induce-immunodeficiency
#18
Maurício Domingues Ferreira, Anna Cristina Collaniere, Dalton Luís Bertolini, Noac Chuffi Barros, Dewton de Moraes Vasconcelos
Here, we describe a case of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis that progressed to widespread persistent dermatophytosis. Significant T and B lymphocytopenia was confirmed. T-cell deficit is associated with increased susceptibility to fungal infections of skin and mucous membranes. The accumulation of a large amount of blood cells in the spleen could have played a crucial role in the development of lymphocytopenia in the present case. Alternatively, the schistosomiasis-induced increase in prostaglandin E2 levels could have inhibited the production of interferon-γ, a cytokine fundamental to fungal resistance...
January 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327595/x-linked-inhibitor-of-apoptosis-inhibits-apoptosis-and-preserves-the-blood-brain-barrier-after-experimental-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#19
Cheng Gao, Hongwei Yu, Cong Yan, Wenyang Zhao, Yao Liu, Dongdong Zhang, Jingwei Li, Nan Liu
Early brain injury following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) strongly determines the prognosis of patients suffering from an aneurysm rupture, and apoptosis is associated with early brain injury after SAH. This study was designed to explore the role of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) in early brain injury following SAH. The expression of XIAP was detected using western blotting and real-time RT-PCR in an autologous blood injection model of SAH. We also studied the role of XIAP in early brain injury and detected apoptosis-related proteins...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327443/correcting-delayed-circadian-phase-with-bright-light-therapy-predicts-improvement-in-adhd-symptoms-a-pilot-study
#20
Rachel E Fargason, Aaron D Fobian, Lauren M Hablitz, Jodi R Paul, Brittny A White, Karen L Cropsey, Karen L Gamble
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common condition with comorbid insomnia reported in >70% of children and adults. These patients demonstrate delays in sleep-wake rhythms, nocturnal rise in melatonin, and early morning rise in cortisol. Given that standard psychopharmacologic treatments for ADHD often do not completely control symptoms in participants with circadian rhythm delay, we sought to test whether bright light therapy (BLT) advances circadian rhythms and further reduces ADHD symptoms over standard treatments...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
keyword
keyword
90162
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"