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Adolescent urology

Alan J Wein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Urology
Konrad M Szymanski, Mark P Cain, Thomas J Hardacker, Rosalia Misseri
INTRODUCTION: Rates of successful transition from adolescent to adult spina bifida (SB) care are unknown. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess rates and predictors of successful transition from a multidisciplinary SB clinic to a transitional urology clinic (TUC), or a pediatric or adult urologist. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed patients discharged from a multidisciplinary SB clinic (2006-2012), collecting demographic and clinical data...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Andres Calvo, Maria Escolino, Alessandro Settimi, Agnese Roberti, Maria Grazia Caprio, Ciro Esposito
The birth of a child with a disorder of sex development (DSD) prompts a long-term management strategy that involves a myriad of professionals working with the family. There has been progress in diagnosis, surgical techniques and in understanding psychosocial issues related to this condition. However, since these kinds of disorders are rare and have many anatomical variations, individual care is necessary, especially regarding surgical management. Gonadectomy is indicated in a number of intersex disorders with a Y chromosome to reduce the associated risk of cancer...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
Alejandra Parrilli, Agnese Roberti, Maria Escolino, Ciro Esposito
BACKGROUND: Varicocele represents one of the most common surgically correctible urologic anomalies in adolescent males. The best procedure for the treatment of adolescent varicocele has not been established, but with recent advances in minimal access surgery, there have been many reports praising the safety and efficacy of laparoscopy and retroperitoneoscopy for the surgical correction of varicocele in adolescent. The aim of this review is to compare the results of Palomo's technique, with retroperitoneoscopic and transperitoneoscopic approaches in adolescent, analyzing recurrence, testicular growth and complications...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
Jang Hee Han, Yong Seung Lee, Young Jae Im, Sang Woon Kim, Mi-Jung Lee, Sang Won Han
PURPOSE: Obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA) syndrome is a rare syndrome characterized by Müllerian duct and renal anomalies. It is usually regarded as a disease of adolescence; however, due to a number of possible problems, the management of patients before puberty should not be overlooked. We assessed the clinical course of prepubertal patients to propose appropriate management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 43 prepubertal OHVIRA syndrome patients who were diagnosed and followed up at our institution from July 2004 to June 2015...
2016: PloS One
Fabio Campodonico, Francesco Paparo, Tiziana Calcagno, Giacomo Capponi, Giuseppe Conzi
OBJECTIVE: Kidney is the most commonly injured organ of the genitourinary tract after trauma. Half of blunt renal injuries are caused by traffic accidents, but sport activities are also included as frequent causes. Skatebording is popular among young people but it deserves being considered a potential cause of severe injuries. A number of published medical reports mainly refer to bone, joint and head injuries but no cases have been reported on urologic or kidney trauma. METHODS: We present two cases of renal trauma in adolescent males occurred while doing skateboarding...
November 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Rosalia Misseri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Dan Wood
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is increasing recognition of the need for life-long care in patients who have congenital urological anomalies. This study looks at the factors surrounding transition and suggests those, which may improve the success. RECENT FINDINGS: One of the most challenging phases in this care is adolescence. There are the physical and psychological changes that all adolescents go through. Patients need medical surveillance through this time in order to ensure good care and patient safety...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
Konstantinos Stamatiou, Hippocrates Moschouris
Self-insertion of foreign bodies in the urethra is most commonly associated with sexual or erotic arousal of adolescents with mental health disorders. Rarely it may practiced by healthy adults for masturbation. Migration of foreign bodies used for the abovementioned purpose from the urethra to adjacent organs is a relatively uncommon urologic problem that may cause serious complications which arose tardive. Presentation includes a variety of acute or chronic symptoms that depend of the underlying complications...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Ahmad Asghari, Ghasem Akbari, Afshin Meghdadi, Pejman Mortazavi
INTRODUCTION: Torsion of the spermatic cord is a common urologic emergency among infants and adolescents. It requires early diagnosis and surgical intervention to prevent subfertility and infertility. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of melatonin (MEL) and metformin (MET) co-administration on experimental testicular ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five experimental groups (n = 10), as follows...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
A Trinh, P Wong, J Brown, S Hennel, P R Ebeling, P J Fuller, F Milat
: This study assessed the prevalence and types of fractures in spina bifida and examined risk factors for fracture. Fracture prevalence was highest in childhood and reduced in adolescence and young adulthood. The importance of maintaining mobility is highlighted by the increased risk of fracture in those who are non-ambulatory. INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study are to study the prevalence and types of fractures according to age group in spina bifida and examine risk factors associated with fracture...
January 2017: Osteoporosis International
Kristina D Suson
In recent years, there has been increasing interest in transitional urology, or how to best prepare patients with major congenital urologic diseases, such as bladder exstrophy and neuropathic bladder, to manage their own health care with adult urologists. However, common pediatric urologic conditions may be encountered by the adult urologist with more regularity. This review focuses on three relatively common conditions which may be identified in childhood, the consequences from which a patient may seek help from an adult urologist: cryptorchidism, varicocele, and Klinefelter syndrome...
October 2016: Current Urology Reports
Mehmet Akyüz, Orhan Koca, Bilal Karaman, Zeynep Yeşim Özcan, Metin İshak Öztürk, Musab Ali Kutluhan, Muhammet İhsan Karaman
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the behavioral and emotional patterns of patients with nocturnal enuresis (NE) and compare them with those of healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight children and adolescents with monosymptomatic NE who were admitted to our hospital's pediatric and urologic outpatient clinics and 46 age-matched, healthy subjects were enrolled in this study. To compare behavioral patterns in these patients, the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) was used...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Jennifer Lewis, Dominic Frimberger, Emily Haddad, Gennady Slobodov
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with neurogenic bladder are a vulnerable population that severely lacks consistent transitional care from pediatric to adult urology settings. AIMS: Our practice determined that 100 patients with spina bifida and other neurogenic bladder conditions were not appropriately transferred to the adult setting once reaching adulthood. METHODS: We initiated a transitional program to establish a dedicated and formal process for adolescent patients to transition to adult urology...
June 8, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
J S Ellison, M Shnorhavorian, K Willihnganz-Lawson, R Grady, P A Merguerian
INTRODUCTION: Long-term continence outcomes for patients with bladder exstrophy are lacking in the literature. The complete primary repair of exstrophy (CPRE) is a widely adopted approach that seeks to normalize anatomy at the initial repair, thereby allowing early bladder filling and cycling. Previous reports of continence following CPRE, however, are limited by variable follow-up duration and continence definitions. OBJECTIVE: To assess continence and factors associated with a positive outcome in a cohort of patients following CPRE with long-term follow-up...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Shogo Shimizu, Panagiota Tsounapi, Fotios Dimitriadis, Youichirou Higashi, Takahiro Shimizu, Motoaki Saito
Testicular torsion is a common urological emergency among adolescent boys and young men. Rotation of the testis and twisting of the spermatic cord rapidly leads to ischemia, resulting in a loss of germ cells. Thus, prompt diagnosis and urgent surgical intervention are required, but the subsequent release of the torsion induces reperfusion injury, which causes further damage to the ischemic testis. Testicular torsion-detorsion (ischemia-reperfusion) injury triggers the generation of reactive oxygen species, pro-inflammatory cytokines, neutrophil recruitment, lipid peroxidation, anoxia and apoptosis, which carry a significant risk of subsequent infertility...
June 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Wendy F Bower, Deborah Christie, Mario DeGennaro, Pallavi Latthe, Ann Raes, Rodrigo L P Romao, Arash Taghizadeh, Dan Wood, Christopher R J Woodhouse, Stuart B Bauer
INTRODUCTION: Children with urinary tract disorders managed by teams, or individual pediatricians, urologists, nephrologists, gastroenterologists, neurologists, psychologists, and nurses at some point move from child-centered to adult-centered health systems. The actual physical change is referred to as the transfer whilst the process preceding this move constitutes transition of care. Our aims are twofold: to identify management and health-service problems related to children with congenital or acquired urological conditions who advance into adulthood and the clinical implications this has for long-term health and specialist care; and, to understand the issues facing both pediatric and adult-care clinicians and to develop a systems-approach model that meets the needs of young adults, their families and the clinicians working within adult services...
May 13, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Vera Trofimenko, William O Brant
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As growing numbers of adolescents with a history of congenital genitourinary anomalies successfully enter adulthood, their spectrum of urologic concerns broadens to include sexual function and reproduction. RECENT FINDINGS: In hypospadias repair, preoperative testosterone was found to reduce rates of postoperative complications of urethrocutaneous fistula formation and meatal stenosis. Following hypospadias correction, dissatisfaction with surgical outcomes has been observed to correlate with psychological outcomes, rather than objective measurements such as location of meatus degree of curvature...
July 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
S Orihuela, L Curi, M Nin, L Manzo, G Gonzalez, N Nuñez, M Kurdian, L Cuñeti, P Larre Borges, F González-Martínez
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Nephrology and Urology (INU) has performed 75% of kidney transplantations (KT) in Uruguay during its 35 years of activity, with 90.6% from cadaveric donors. We investigated the risk factors (RF) for delayed graft function (DGF) and patient and graft survival (SV). METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively the characteristics and evolution of 1500 KT performed by INU until December 2014. The incidence of DGF and RF for patient and graft SV were analyzed in 4 eras, according to the year that KT was performed...
March 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Armando J Lorenzo, Rodrigo L P Romao
OBJECTIVE: This review aims at evaluating the current status of minimally invasive surgery at the difficult crossroad between the attractiveness of innovation faced against the solid outcomes offered by the current gold standard, specifically concerning pediatric and adolescent urologic oncology conditions. METHODS: This is a critical review of the literature and current paradigms on the use of minimally invasive surgery for pediatric and adolescent urologic oncology cancers...
May 2016: Urology
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