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Dental disease

Sari A Mahasneh, Adel M Mahasneh
Probiotics have a role in maintaining oral health through interaction with oral microbiome, thus contributing to healthy microbial equilibrium. The nature and composition of any individual microbiome impacts the general health, being a major contributor to oral health. The emergence of drug resistance and the side effects of available antimicrobials have restricted their use in an array of prophylactic options. Indeed, some new strategies to prevent oral diseases are based on manipulating oral microbiota, which is provided by probiotics...
September 27, 2017: Dent J (Basel)
Michael Crowe, Michael O' Sullivan, Oscar Cassetti, Aifric O' Sullivan
A poor quality diet may be a common risk factor for both obesity and dental problems such as caries. The aim of this paper is to use classification tree analysis (CTA) to identify predictors of dental problems in a nationally representative cohort of Irish pre-school children. CTA was used to classify variables and describe interactions between multiple variables including socio-demographics, dietary intake, health-related behaviour, body mass index (BMI) and a dental problem. Data were derived from the second (2010/2011) wave of the 'Growing Up in Ireland' study (GUI) infant cohort at 3 years, n = 9793...
August 31, 2017: Dent J (Basel)
Patrícia Couto, Paulo Almeida Pereira, Manuel Nunes, Rui Amaral Mendes
Individuals with disabilities are regarded as a highly vulnerable population group, particularly as far as oral health is concern. However, few studies have assessed the impact of the oral condition on the quality of life of these individuals. Therefore, the aim of this study is to expand knowledge on the oral health status of the Portuguese adults with mild intellectual disability, and to assess how the patient's oral health is related to their quality of life. A sample of 240 adults with mild intellectual disabilities linked to the Portuguese Federation for Intellectual Disability, were interviewed using a previously validated version of the Oral Health Impact Profile...
2018: PloS One
Ingegerd Johansson, Anders Esberg, Linda Eriksson, Simon Haworth, Pernilla Lif Holgerson
Bovine milk intake has been associated with various disease outcomes, with modulation of the gastro-intestinal microbiome being suggested as one potential mechanism. The aim of the present study was to explore the oral microbiota in relation to variation in self-reported milk intake. Saliva and tooth biofilm microbiota was characterized by 16S rDNA sequencing, PCR and cultivation in 154 Swedish adolescents, and information on diet and other lifestyle markers were obtained from a questionnaire, and dental caries from clinical examination...
2018: PloS One
Chang-Hun Han, Kwang-Bum Park, Francesco Guido Mangano
OBJECTIVE: In the anterior regions, the resorption of the buccal bone after tooth extraction leads to a contraction of the overlying soft tissues, resulting in an esthetic problem, particularly with immediate implant placement. In the socket shield technique, the buccal root section of the tooth is maintained, to preserve the buccal bone for immediate implant placement. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the survival, stability, and complication rates of implants placed using a "modified" socket shield technique...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Bart J F Keijser, Tim J van den Broek, Dagmar E Slot, Lodewic van Twillert, Jolanda Kool, Clémentine Thabuis, Michel Ossendrijver, Fridus A van der Weijden, Roy C Montijn
Background: The oral cavity harbors a complex microbial ecosystem, intimately related to oral health and disease. The use of polyol-sweetened gum is believed to benefit oral health through stimulation of salivary flow and impacting oral pathogenic bacteria. Maltitol is often used as sweetener in food products. This study aimed to establish the in vivo effects of frequent consumption of maltitol-sweetened chewing gum on the dental plaque microbiota in healthy volunteers and to establish the cellular and molecular effects by in vitro cultivation and transcriptional analysis...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Ariana C Villarosa, Amy R Villarosa, Yenna Salamonson, Lucie M Ramjan, Mariana S Sousa, Ravi Srinivas, Nathan Jones, Ajesh George
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries is the most common chronic childhood disease worldwide. Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children are twice more likely to develop dental decay, and contributing factors include poor maternal oral health and underutilisation of dental services. Globally, Indigenous health workers are in a unique position to deliver culturally competent oral healthcare because they have a contextual understanding of the needs of the community. METHODS: This scoping review aimed to identify the role of Indigenous health workers in promoting maternal oral health globally...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Katherine E Queck, Angela Chapman, Leslie J Herzog, Tamara Shell-Martin, Anthony Burgess-Cassler, George David McClure
Periodontal disease in dogs is highly prevalent but can only be accurately diagnosed by performing an anesthetized oral examination with periodontal probing and dental radiography. In this study, 114 dogs had a visual awake examination of the oral cavity and were administered an oral-fluid thiol-detection test prior to undergoing a a full-mouth anesthetized oral examination and digital dental radiographs. The results show the visual awake examination underestimated the presence and severity of active periodontal disease...
March 20, 2018: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Toshihiro Okamoto, Keika Hoshi, Kenji Fukada, Toshiyuki Kataoka, Akira Kumasaka, Nobuyuki Kaibuchi, Satoshi Fukuzawa, Tomohiro Ando
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the background factors related to the occurrence of complications in the early stages after dental implant placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 289 outpatients who received dental implants were retrospectively evaluated for the presence or absence of complications. Background factors, including age, sex, implant width, implant length, implant site, number of implants placed, Periotest values at the time of implant placement, presence/absence of systemic disease (particularly diabetes), and the use of anticoagulation therapy, were compared between patients with and without complications...
March 19, 2018: Implant Dentistry
Dirk Ziebolz, David Douglas, Donya Douglas, Jan Schmickler, Daniel Patschan, Gerhard A Müller, Rainer Haak, Jana Schmidt, Gerhard Schmalz, Susann Patschan
OBJECTIVE: Recent literature reveals worse periodontal health condition in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). However, roles of AS-related parameters, periodontal condition, and their association appear unclear. This cross-sectional study aimed at investigating dental and periodontal health as well as potentially periodontal pathogenic bacteria in patients with AS compared to healthy control subjects (HC). METHODS: Dental examination comprised dental findings (DMF-T), periodontal probing depth (PPD), bleeding on probing, clinical attachment loss (CAL), papillary bleeding index, and microbiological analysis based on polymerase chain reaction of selected potentially periodontal pathogenic bacteria...
March 20, 2018: Rheumatology International
Ho-Sheng Chiang, Ren-Yeong Huang, Pei-Wei Weng, Lian-Ping Mau, Chi-Chun Su, Yi-Wen Cathy Tsai, Yu-Chiao Wu, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Yi-Shing Shieh, Wan-Chien Cheng
PURPOSE: To identify 100 top-cited articles published in periodontal journals and analyse the research trends by using citation analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 top-cited articles published in periodontal journals were retrieved by searching the database of the ISI Web of Science and Journal Citation reports. For each article, the following principal bibliometric parameters: authorship, geographic and institute origin, manuscript type, study design, scope of study, and citation count of each time period were analysed from 1965 to 2015...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Satoru Morikawa, Takehito Ouchi, Seiji Asoda, Nobuyuki Horie, Kazuyuki Tsunoda, Hiromasa Kawana, Taneaki Nakagawa
Behçet's disease is a systemic disorder of unknown etiology. It involves multiple organ systems and is characterized by recurring episodes of oral ulcers as well as ocular, genital, and skin lesions. Oral ulcers can affect tooth brushing and impair proper oral hygiene. As a result, a dental biofilm accumulates, and the condition of the teeth and periodontal tissue deteriorates. The aim of this case report is to highlight the efficacy of periodontal treatment for patients with Behçet's disease. A 51-year-old man with Behçet's disease presented with generalized severe periodontitis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Dinesh Rokaya, Kanokwan Suttagul, Shraddha Joshi, Bishwa Prakash Bhattarai, Pravin Kumar Shah, Shantanu Dixit
Background: Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) represents a subgroup of painful orofacial disorders involving pain in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) region, fatigue of the cranio-cervico-facial muscles (especially masticatory muscles), limitation of mandible movement, and the presence of a clicking sound in the TMJ. TMD is associated with multiple factors and systemic diseases. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of TMD in Nepalese subjects for the first time. Methods: A total of 500 medical and dental students (127 men and 373 women) participated in this study from May 2016 to September 2016...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Subhashree Priyadarsini, Sumit Mukherjee, Monalisa Mishra
Nanotechnology is widely used in our day to day life including its use in medicine. Using nanotechnology, it is easy to analyze and manipulate atoms, chemical bonds and molecules present between various compounds. Nanotechnology is used in the dental field as nano dentistry. While choosing the nanoparticle for the use in the field of nano dentistry its chemical, physical, along with the biological aspect of nanostructures are taken into account. Often various atoms or molecules are added to form the functional structure...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Parveen Akhter Lone, Syed Wakeel Ahmed, Vivek Prasad, Bashir Ahmed
Plants & their extracts have immense potential for the management or treatment of the wounds. The pyhto medicines for the wound healing are not only cheap & affordable but are purportedly safe as hypersensitivity reactions are rarely encountered with the use of these agents, these natural agents induce healing & regeneration of the lost tissue by multiple mechanisms Turmeric commonly is called as Haldi in Hindi. C Longa has been reported to possess anti bacterial, anti fungal & anti inflammatory activities...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
T Tiwari, L Jamieson, J Broughton, H P Lawrence, T S Batliner, R Arantes, J Albino
Indigenous populations around the world experience a disproportionate burden in terms of oral diseases and conditions. These inequalities are likely due to a complex web of social determinants that includes poverty, historical consequences of colonialism, social exclusion, government policies of assimilation, cultural annihilation, and racism in all its forms (societal, institutional). Despite documented oral health disparities, prevention interventions have been scarce in Indigenous communities. This review describes oral health interventions and their outcomes conducted for Indigenous populations of the United States, Canada, Brazil, Australia, and New Zealand...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Elham Kateeb, Elizabeth Momany
BACKGROUND: Beliefs about oral health during pregnancy demographic factors, such as level of education and socioeconomic status, are associated with an increased risk of oral diseases during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to assess the oral health status of pregnant women and the relation to the women's oral health knowledge, beliefs, behaviour, and access to dental care. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, pregnant women visiting pre-natal care clinics at the Palestinian Ministry of Health centres in the Jerusalem governorate were invited to complete a structured interview with questions about beliefs about oral health care and their oral hygiene practices...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
K M Shivakumar, Snehal Patil, Vidya Kadashetti, Vaishali Raje
Introduction: The individuals suffering from various disabilities form a considerable proportion of the community. The psychological reactions associated with a deformity can be devastating to the disabled, parents, caregivers, and family which often lead to attitudes of hopelessness in the lives of these disabled individuals. Objectives: To assess the oral health status and treatment needs among 5-12-year-old children attending special school in Western Maharashtra, India...
January 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Álvaro Sebastián-Serrano, Laura de Diego-García, David C Henshall, Tobías Engel, Miguel Díaz-Hernández
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare heritable metabolic bone disease caused by hypomorphic mutations in the ALPL (in human) or Akp2 (in mouse) gene, encoding the tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) enzyme. In addition to skeletal and dental malformations, severe forms of HPP are also characterized by the presence of spontaneous seizures. Initially, these seizures were attributed to an impairment of GABAergic neurotransmission caused by altered vitamin B6 metabolism. However, recent work by our group using knockout mice null for TNAP (TNAP-/-), a well-described model of infantile HPP, has revealed a deregulation of purinergic signaling contributing to the seizure phenotype...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Rajashri Abhay Kolte, Abhay Pandurang Kolte, Anushree Manohar Potey
Background: Osteoporosis is particularly high in females, the early identification of which remains a challenge. Panoramic radiographs are routinely advised to detect periodontal diseases and can be used to predict low bone mineral density (BMD). Hence, this investigation was aimed to identify the risk of osteoporosis in pre- and postmenopausal periodontally healthy and chronic periodontitis women with digital panoramic radiographs. Materials and Methods: The study population consisted of 120 patients equally divided as Group I - Premenopausal periodontally healthy, Group II - Premenopausal periodontitis, Group III - Postmenopausal periodontally healthy, and Group IV - Postmenopausal periodontitis...
November 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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