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Epidermoid cyst

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203025/-trigemino-cardiac-reflex-in-skull-base-surgery
#1
H Z Duan, Y Zhang, L Li, J Y Zhang, Z Q Yi, S D Bao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism, clinical features, and prognosis of Trigemino-cardiac reflex (TCR) during skull base operations. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 291 patients with skull base disease from Jan. 2009 to Oct. 2015 in Peking University First Hospital. By reviewing the patients' operative data and anaesthetic electrical record, and we picked out all the patients who suffered from TCR during the operation and analyzed their surgical procedures, clinical features, influence factors, and prognosis...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178101/iatrogenic-intradiploic-epidermoid-cyst-following-strip-craniectomy-for-sagittal-craniosynostosis
#2
Michael T Friel, Joaquin Hidalgo, J Mason Shiflett
INTRODUCTION: The increased incidence and success of strip craniectomy with postoperative helmet therapy in the treatment of sagittal craniosynostosis has been documented by multiple centers throughout the country and world. The authors report a child with a postoperative implantation intradiploic epidermoid cyst following a strip craniectomy, a complication, that to our knowledge, has not been reported. METHODS: This clinical report involves a 3-year-old boy with a scaphocephalic appearance who was transferred to our center following an interstate adoption...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176598/intraosseous-epidermoid-cyst-of-the-distal-phalanx-reconstructed-with-synthetic-bone-graft
#3
Hiromi Sasaki, Satoshi Nagano, Hirofumi Shimada, Takayuki Nakashima, Masahiro Yokouchi, Yasuhiro Ishidou, Takao Setoguchi, Setsuro Komiya
Intraosseous epidermoid cysts are exceedingly rare. Known as pseudotumors, not true neoplasms, intraosseous epidermoid cysts usually involve the phalanges, the skull, and the toes. Intraosseous epidermoid cysts typically present as destructive osteolytic lesions on X-ray, mimicking malignant bone tumors. Here, we present two cases of an intraosseous epidermoid cyst in the distal phalanx treated with curettage and synthetic bone graft, followed by a review of the relevant literature. In both cases, the patient presented with a painful enlargement of the fingertip following a minor trauma...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160937/a-review-of-our-experience-in-phonosurgery-in-children
#4
Mikel Landa, Idoia Palicio, Leire Álvarez, Zuriñe Martínez
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Dysphonia is a common problem in children, especially those of school age. Exploration of vocal folds is often difficult and less accurate in children. The most frequent lesions found in children with chronic dysphonia are vocal nodules, followed by epidermoid cysts and other congenital lesions, such as sulci and mucosal bridges. The treatment is multidisciplinary and it is fundamentally based on vocal rehabilitation. We indicate surgical treatment in children older than 9 years of age for whom the problem persists after rehabilitation, especially if we suspect a congenital lesion of the vocal fold...
February 1, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152321/a-case-report-of-rim-enhancing-lesion-at-the-orbital-apex
#5
Rachna Agarwal, Vikas Kanaujia, Priyadarshini Mishra, R V Phadke, Kumudini Sharma
We report a case of partial third nerve palsy resulting from a cystic lesion located at the orbital apex. Imaging was suggestive of cystic schwanomma but histopathology of the lesion confirmed epidermoid cyst, which is a rare tumour of the orbit.
February 2, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151734/rapid-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-brain-without-susceptibility-artifacts-single-shot-steam-with-radial-undersampling-and-iterative-reconstruction
#6
Andreas Merrem, Sabine Hofer, Dirk Voit, K-Dietmar Merboldt, Jakob Klosowski, Markus Untenberger, Julius Fleischhammer, Jens Frahm
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a rapid diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique for whole-brain studies without susceptibility artifacts and measuring times below 3 minutes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The proposed method combines a DW spin-echo module with a single-shot stimulated echo acquisition mode MRI sequence. Previous deficiencies in image quality due to limited signal-to-noise ratio are compensated for (1) by radial undersampling to enhance the flip angle and thus the signal strength of stimulated echoes; (2) by defining the image reconstruction as a nonlinear inverse problem, which is solved by the iteratively regularized Gauss-Newton method; and (3) by denoising with use of a modified nonlocal means filter...
February 1, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144459/a-rare-coexistence-of-retrorectal-and-ovarian-cysts-a-case-report
#7
Setareh Soltany
INTRODUCTION: Retrorectal cysts are rare benign lesions which are frequently diagnosed in middle-aged females. According to their origin and histopathologic features, retrorectal cysts are classified as squamous-lined (dermoid or epidermoid) cysts, postanal gut (tailgut) cysts, and rectal duplications (enteric or enterogenous cysts, enterocystomas). Described in this case report is an extremely unusual patient, a woman who simultaneously had a retrorectal cyst and an ovarian serous cystadenoma in addition to a long history of misdiagnosis and multiple unsuccessful surgeries...
September 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119899/superficial-angiomyxoma-of-the-vulva-in-a-postmenopausal-woman-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#8
Seung Hyun Lee, Yeon Jean Cho, Myoungseok Han, Jong Woon Bae, Jung-Woo Park, So Ra Oh, Sujin Kim
Superficial angiomyxomas (SAMs) are rare benign cutaneous tumors that involve the subcutaneous layer. They are commonly located in the trunk, lower limbs and head or neck of women of reproductive age. SAMs in the vulva of postmenopausal women are especially rare case. Herein, we report a vulvar SAM in a postmenopausal 60-year-old woman. The patient presented with a palpable cutaneous mass in the right labium majora that had appeared 3 months earlier. The mass was slow growing and approximately 5 cm in size and resembled a soft tissue malignancy...
December 2016: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073203/testicular-sparing-surgery-in-small-testis-masses-a-multinstitutional-experience
#9
Andrea B Galosi, Paola Fulvi, Andrea Fabiani, Lucilla Servi, Alessandra Filosa, Luca Leone, Angelo Marronaro, Enrico Caraceni, Rodolfo Montironi
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of benign testicular tumors is increasing in particular in small lesion incidentally found at scrotal ultrasonography. Primary aim of this study was to perform radical surgery in malignant tumor. Secondary aim was to verify the efficacy of the diagnostic-therapeutic pathway recently adopted in management of small masses with testis sparing surgery in benign lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this multicenter study, we reviewed all patients with single testis lesion less than 15 mm at ultrasound as main diameter...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053700/routine-histological-examination-of-epidermoid-cysts-to-send-or-not-to-send
#10
Jeyakumar R Apollos, Gregory E Ekatah, Guat Shi Ng, Angus K McFadyen, Stuart C Whitelaw
BACKROUND: The diagnosis of epidermoid cyst is seldom in doubt, and associated malignancy extremely rare, yet it is commonplace for the lesion to be sent to the pathology laboratory for analysis. The aim of this study was to evaluate our current practice with regards to diagnostic accuracy among clinicians, and assess risk of not routinely sending suspected epidermoid cysts for histological examination. Potential cost savings were also estimated and calculated. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical and pathology data on all suspected epidermoid cysts excised from a Scottish district general hospital over a 5-year period between January 2011 and October 2015...
January 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051991/cutaneous-coccidiomycosis-masquerading-as-an-epidermoid-cyst-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Daniel H Russell, Ed Ager, Wendi Wohltman
OBJECTIVES: To present a challenging case of inoculatory fungal mycosis mimicking an epidermoid cyst, which may have been easily overlooked by the pathologist. METHODS: We present a case report of a 29-year-old male with a nodule on the right lower back, which was surgically excised and submitted to pathology as a ruptured epidermoid cyst. RESULTS: Histopathologic sections revealed detached soft tissue fragments containing polymorphic granulomas with abscess and suspicious-appearing spherical structures ranging in size from 50 to 200 μm...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050432/epidermoid-cyst-of-the-sole-a-case-report
#12
Sathyakrishna Basavapatna Ramakrishnaiah, Santosh Singh Rajput, Nayar Sajeeth Gopinathan
Epidermoid cysts are common benign subcutaneous lesion also termed as epidermal cysts. Epidermoid cyst are commonly seen in hairy regions of body like scalp, face and scrotum, can be single or multiple, but rarely can occur in glabrous skin of palm and sole. They are known to result from progressive cystic ectasia of the infundibular portion of hair follicle but the pathogenesis in palmo-plantar epidermoid cyst differs that is traumatic sequestration of epidermal elements into dermis. Here, we report a case of 30-year-old female presented with complaints of swelling in her left sole...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043643/-laparoscopic-cleavage-in-splenic-symptomatic-cyst
#13
Antonio-José Fernández-López, Marifé Candel-Arenas, Francisco-Miguel González-Valverde, Delia Luján-Martínez, Esther Medina-Manuel, Antonio Albarracín Marín-Blázquez
BACKGROUND: Splenic cysts are rare diseases that are diagnosed incidentally during imaging studies. When cysts are recognized, surgical treatment is recommended adapted to the particular case, depending on the size and location of the cyst and the age of the patient in order to avoid dangerous complications such as spleen rupture or cyst infection with abscess. CLINICAL CASE: We report 2patients with symptomatic splenic epidermoid cyst treated by laparoscopic cleavage...
December 30, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035305/gardner-syndrome-associated-with-multiple-osteomas-intestinal-polyposis-and-epidermoid-cysts
#14
Kwang-Joon Koh, Ha-Na Park, Kyoung-A Kim
Gardner syndrome is known as a variant of familial adenomatous polyposis. This syndrome is characterized by multiple intestinal polyposes, osteomas, and epidermoid cysts. In addition, dental abnormalities include an increased frequency of multiple odontomas, as well as supernumerary and impacted teeth. The authors report the case of a 7-year-old male patient with Gardner syndrome. Radiographic findings revealed multiple osteomas in both sides of the maxilla, multiple diffuse enostoses in both jaws, and a complex odontoma in the left mandibular body...
December 2016: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003927/thymic-epidermoid-cyst-clinical-and-imaging-manifestations-of-this-rare-anterior-mediastinal-mass
#15
Jawad M Qureshi, Brian Pagano, Jeffrey Mueller, Lana Schumacher, Claudia Velosa, Matthew S Hartman
Thymic epidermoid cysts are an extremely rare entity. These arise from epidermal cells that migrate to the thymus. The radiologic diagnosis of this rare lesion is challenging. We describe a case of an otherwise healthy 35-year-old woman who presented with an acute onset of chest pain and shortness of breath. She was found to have an anterior mediastinal mass. The imaging findings were, however, not characteristic for any single diagnostic entity. Since the imaging was inconclusive, surgical resection was performed for definitive diagnosis...
2016: Case Reports in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003172/suprasellar-epidermoid-cyst-with-atypical-imaging-findings
#16
G Lakshmi Prasad, P Pavithra
A 65-year-old female presented with progressive unilateral vision loss leading to blindness and features of central diabetes insipidus (DI) for 3 months' duration. Imaging showed a well-circumscribed, lobulated, rim-enhancing suprasellar lesion with inhomogeneous diffusion restriction. Through a pterional trans-sylvian approach, subtotal resection was performed and histopathology revealed features of an epidermoid cyst. At 5 months' follow-up, she had improvement of her diabetes insipidus but no visual improvement...
December 18, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965077/endoscopic-treatment-of-a-third-ventricular-epidermoid-cyst
#17
Daniel de Araujo Paz, Marcos Devanir Silva da Costa, Thiago Pereira Rodrigues, Guilherme Salemi Riechelmann, Ítalo Capraro Suriano, Samuel Tau Zymberg
Epidermoid cyst is a benign and congenital lesion of ectodermal origin. Traditionally, microsurgical techniques are used to treat these lesions, and their occurrence in the third ventricle is rare. Here, the authors describe report a case of epidermoid cyst in the third ventricle that presented with signs and symptoms of intracranial hypertension, which was treated safely and effectively using neuroendoscopic surgery.
December 10, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935912/epidermoid-cyst-of-tongue
#18
C Naik, N Prusty
Epidermoid cyst occurring within the tongue is rare. A 5 year old male child was brought to OPD with a tongue mass which was gradually increasing in size. There was associated difficulty in speech and mastication as the swelling increased in size. Intraoral examination revealed moderately tender,fluctuant and enlarged tongue. A diagnosis of dermoid cyst was made and the patient was booked for surgery. Excision of the cyst was done under general anaesthesia. Post-operative histopathology was done. The histopathological findings confirm the diagnosis of an epidermoid cyst, characterized by the presence of: (I) a cyst cavity lined by stratified squamous epithelium with keratinization on the surface; and (II) connective tissue with a mild inflammation...
January 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922242/neck-epidermoid-cyst-mimicking-tuberculosis-at-ultrasound-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#19
Jacopo Cambi, Giovanni Monciatti, Luca Pelliccia, Maria Carla Spinosi, Leopoldo Brindisi
Neck masses in children can be inflammatory, congenital or neoplastic. When a congenital cyst becomes infected repeatedly, it may mimic inflammatory disease and the diagnosis may be challenging with ultrasound. An increasing incidence of infection with non-tuberculous mycobacterial organisms has been observed in recent decades in children with cervical lymphadenopathy. An ultrasound scan performed during the infectious phase of a mass can be misleading and can lead to an incorrect diagnostic hypothesis with the risk of erroneous medical and surgical therapies...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909631/a-nonoperative-approach-for-neurosurgical-management-of-a-sylvian-fissure-dermoid-cyst
#20
Ali S Haider, Clarence Kee, Danielle L DeBacker, Ian T Watson, Eliel N Arrey, Tijani Osumah, Dean Leonard, Chen Chen, Maryam Alam, L Gerard Toussaint Iii
The nonoperative management of sylvian fissure dermoid/epidermoid cysts presents a risk that is difficult to quantify. With rupture, potentially fatal complications such as chemical meningitis, hydrocephalus, fever, seizure, or meningeal irritation may occur. In this paper, we present an asymptomatic case of such a cyst with imaging evidence of prior rupture, and we review the literature for the likelihood of future complications. We use for illustration a case of a 68-year-old woman with imaging features of a sylvian fissure epithelial inclusion cyst who refused surgical intervention and review the literature for further investigation...
October 24, 2016: Curēus
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