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Epidermoid cyst

Rohan M Modi, Amrit K Kamboj, Benjamin Swanson, Darwin L Conwell, Somashekar G Krishna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Endoscopy
Thirumaraichelvan Perungo, Johnrose John Grifson, Anbazhagan Amudhan, Kannan Devy Gounder
A 23-year-old woman presented to the outpatients department with symptoms of acute onset perianal pain of 2 weeks' duration and constipation. She was a known case of Hirschsprung's disease and was operated on in infancy. Rectal examination ruled out acute fissure or perianal sepsis, and subsequent colonoscopy was normal. Because of persistent symptoms, she was evaluated further by imaging which revealed a presacral lesion closely abutting the nerve roots, suggesting the possibility of a nerve sheath tumour...
October 12, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Surekha R Puranik, Rudrayya S Puranik, Satya Prakash, M Bimba
Epidermoid cysts (ECs) are uncommon, benign cystic lesions derived from the entrapment of surface epithelium or more often from the aberrant healing of infundibular epithelium during an episode of follicular inflammation. ECs occur anywhere on the body, particularly along embryonic fusion lines, most commonly on the face, scalp, neck, chest and upper back. Head and neck ECs constitute only about 7%, whereas only 1.6% of ECs are reported in the oral cavity. They comprise <0.01% of all the oral cysts. Floor of the mouth, tongue, lips, palate, jaws, etc...
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Michele Bertolotto, Nicolas Grenier, Bernd Hamm, Tiziano Stocca, Francesca Sarocchi, Lorenzo E Derchi
The clinical history and imaging and pathologic findings in 4 patients with bilateral synchronous testicular tumors of dissimilar histologic types were reviewed. All patients had a large scrotal mass on one side and a smaller nodule on the other one. The appearances of each pair of lesions were different enough to suggest that they could possibly be of different histologic types. The most important role of imaging, however, was its capability to guide the surgical approach to these patients: in 1 case, the smallest lesion was recognized as an epidermoid cyst; in 2 others a conservative approach was deemed possible, given the lesions' small volumes and peripheral locations...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Tymon Skadorwa, Bogdan Ciszek
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Tumors of the cranial vault occur at every age of childhood. Although they are mostly benign lesions, their symptomatology is variable and requires extended diagnostics. The choice of therapeutic strategy strongly depends on histopathological diagnosis, and therefore surgical excision is the elective treatment in such cases. Despite several published papers, the literature still lacks reliable clinical characteristics regarding this heterogeneous group of lesions in pediatric patients...
September 27, 2016: Pediatric Neurosurgery
Tugba K Uzuncakmak, Burce C Kuru, Ebru I Zemheri, Ilkin Zindanci, Zafer Turkoglu, Mukaddes Kavala
Molluscum contagiosum is a benign cutaneous viral infection which is caused by double- stranded DNA poxvirus. It affects mainly children and young adults and usually presents with single or multiple umblicated papules or nodules on face, arms, legs and anogenital regions. It may present in atypical size and clinical appearance in patients with altered or impaired immunity and rarely in immuncompetent patients. Herein we present an immuncompetent young adult patient with isolated giant molluscum contagiosum, which was mimicking epidermoid cyst clinically...
July 2016: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
Sumit Grover, Bhavna Garg, Neena Sood, Satpal Singh
Splenic epidermoid cysts are rare non-parasitic true cysts affecting the spleen. We report a five-year-old child who presented with an abdominal lump associated with pain of 15 days. Ultrasonography of the abdomen showed a huge cystic lesion of obscure origin. At laprotomy a huge unilocular cyst involving upper part of spleen containing pultaceous fluid was seen and its removal necessitated splenectomy. Histopathological findings were consistent with splenic epidermoid cyst. Thus histopathology helped in elucidating the aetiology and diagnosis...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
M K Ahsan, N Sakeb, M Y Ali, M A Awwal, S I Khan, M M Goni, M B Mia, M B Alam, N Zaman, S N Jannat
Results of 63 surgically treated intradural spinal tumors between the period of October 2003 and December 2014 at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) and in our private settings, Dhaka, were analyzed retrospectively. There were 33 males, 30 females with an average age of 52.4 years (13-70 years) and followed up for at least a year. The preoperative symptom with duration, tumors location and intradural space occupancy and the histopathological diagnosis were analyzed. Pain was evaluated by the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the neurologic function was assessed by Nurick's grade...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Chintan-C Nishar, Vijayalaxmi-K Ambulgekar, Atish-B Gujrathi, Pravin-T Chavan
INTRODUCTION: Epidermoid cysts are rare, slow‑growing, benign, developmental cysts, which are derived from abnormally situated ectodermal tissue. Epidermoid cysts of the floor of the mouth represent <0.01% of all oral cysts. So far, only a few cases have been reported. CASE REPORT: Hereby, we present a case of a giant sublingual epidermoid cyst, which was completely asymptomatic upon presentation. However, due to its large size, it pushed the epiglottis posteriorly and created difficulty during intubation...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
D Fomichev, P Kalinin, M Kutin, O Sharipov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 3, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Mergime Prekazi Loxha, Sami Salihu, Kaltrina Kryeziu, Sadushe Loxha, Zana Agani, Vjosa Hamiti, Aida Rexhepi
INTRODUCTION: An epidermoid cyst is a benign cyst usually found on the skin. Bone cysts are very rare and if they appear in bone they usually appear in the distal phalanges of the fingers. Epidermoid cysts of the jaws are uncommon. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case, of a 41 year-old female patient admitted to our department because of pain and swelling in the parotid and masseteric region-left side. There was no trismus, pathological findings in skin, high body temperature level, infra-alveolar nerves anesthesia or lymphadenopathy present...
June 2016: Medical Archives
Jikol Friend, Andrew Barker, Japinder Khosa, Naeem Samnakay
INTRODUCTION: A preponderance of benign intratesticular masses in pre-pubertal males encourages testicular-sparing surgery (TSS). OBJECTIVE: To review outcome of benign testicular lumps in children managed at a tertiary pediatric center more than 7.5years. METHODS: A retrospective review of pediatric benign testicular lesions from January 2008 to June 2015 was performed. RESULTS: There were twelve benign intratesticular tumors...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Leopold Arko, Corbett T Berry, Anuj Sunil Desai, Michael Weaver
Introduction Epidermoid cysts are a rare intracranial tumor, mostly arising from the cerebellar pontine angle but sporadically arising from the cranial diploe. Intradiploic epidermoids were first described in 1838 and have since been reported in sporadic case reports and case series. Due to the scarcity of cases, no institution has a large enough case series to fully characterize this tumor. We review numerous case series to better describe intradiploic epidermoids. Methods Using a search for intradiploic epidermoid, several case reports and series were found...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
John Engler, Luigi Bassani, Tracy Ma, Omar Tanweer, Robert E Elliott, David H Harter, Jeffrey H Wisoff
OBJECTIVE: Dermoid and epidermoid cysts rank among the most common pediatric tumors. We analyzed the outcomes of surgical excision of dermal and epidermal inclusion cysts in a large consecutive series of children. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 128 consecutive children who underwent calvarial inclusion cyst resection between 2000 and 2010 at NYU Langone Medical Center. Demographic information, neurological exam, lesion location, lesion diameter, type of treatment, extent of resection, time of follow-up, and recurrence were collected...
August 22, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Estevam Rubens Utumi, Juliane Pirágine Araujo, Irineu Gregnanin Pedron, Frederico Yonezaki, Gustavo Grothe Machado, André Caroli Rocha
Epidermoid cysts are malformations that are rarely observed in the submental region. Imaging has an important role in surgical planning according to the size and location of the cyst in relation to geniohyoid and mylohyoid muscles. This article reports the case of a 15-year-old female patient complaining of submental swelling. The differential diagnosis included infection, tumor, ranula, and abnormalities during embryonic development. The lesion was surgically excised using an extra-oral approach. The histopathological examination revealed a cyst wall lined with stratified squamous epithelium with the presence of several horny scales consistent with the diagnosis of an epidermoid cyst...
April 2016: Autopsy & case reports
Stylianos Pikis, Emil Margolin
Malignant transformation is a rare but devastating complication following partial resection of an intracranial epidermoid cyst (EC). Time to malignant transformation is highly variable and optimal management is unclear. A literature search from 1965 to January 2016 identified manuscripts discussing clinical presentation, management, and outcome of malignant transformation of a remnant intracranial EC. One male patient diagnosed with malignant transformation of a remnant intracranial EC in our institution was also included in the study...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Prokopios P Argyris, Ioannis G Koutlas
Gardner syndrome (GS) is caused by mutations in the APC and besides adenomatous colorectal polyps includes such manifestations as osteomas, epidermoid cysts (ECs) and occasionally multiple pilomatricomas. More than 50 % of ECs in patients with GS exhibit pilomatricoma-like ghost cell keratinization. The latter may be explained by the fact that the development of both GS and pilomatricoma is driven by activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. A 62-year-old, Caucasian male with history of GS presented with a unilocular, mixed radiopaque/radiolucent mandibular lesion causing divergence and external root resorption of involved teeth...
August 8, 2016: Head and Neck Pathology
Frederick A Jakobiec, Anna M Stagner, Nahyoung Grace Lee
A 24-year-old man with a painful, recurrent left upper eyelid nodule underwent an excision. Histopathologic evaluation disclosed a granulomatous process, most likely in response to a ruptured epidermoid cyst. In the vicinity of the nodule were multiple eccrine sweat glands displaying a curious clear-cell appearance in the adlumenal cells, the first example of such a phenomenon in the eyelids. Alcian blue, periodic acid Schiff, and documented staining failed to disclose, respectively, any cytoplasmic mucosubstances, glycogen accumulation, or lipid in the adlumenal secretory cells...
July 21, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Keisuke Sato, Masafumi Fukuda, Yosuke Sato, Tetsuya Hiraishi, Tetsuro Takao, Yukihiko Fujii
BACKGROUND: Understanding of cortico-cortical activity in eloquent areas intraoperatively is crucial for neurosurgical procedures. Here, we used intraoperative near-infrared spectroscopy (iNIRS) during direct cortical stimulation as a robust tool to better understand the cortico-cortical connectivity in language systems. METHODS: We applied iNIRS to 3 patients who underwent epilepsy surgery due to lesions (cavernous angioma, epidermoid cyst, and low-grade glioma) located in language areas...
September 6, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Cagri Guneri, Mustafa Kirac, Hasan Biri
A 42-year-old man with a history of recurrent urethral stenosis, recurrent urinary tract infection and macroscopic hematuria has referred to our clinic. He underwent several internal urethrotomies and currently using clean intermittent self-catheterization. During the internal urethrotomy, we noted a large posterior urethral diverticulum (UD) between verumontanum and bladder neck. His obstructive symptoms were resolved after the catheter removal. But perineal discomfort, urgency and dysuria were prolonged about 3-4 weeks...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
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