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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905542/defining-an-olfactory-receptor-function-in-airway-smooth-muscle-cells
#1
William H Aisenberg, Jessie Huang, Wanqu Zhu, Premraj Rajkumar, Randy Cruz, Lakshmi Santhanam, Niranjana Natarajan, Hwan Mee Yong, Breann De Santiago, Jung Jin Oh, A-Rum Yoon, Reynold A Panettieri, Oliver Homann, John K Sullivan, Stephen B Liggett, Jennifer L Pluznick, Steven S An
Pathways that control, or can be exploited to alter, the increase in airway smooth muscle (ASM) mass and cellular remodeling that occur in asthma are not well defined. Here we report the expression of odorant receptors (ORs) belonging to the superfamily of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), as well as the canonical olfaction machinery (Golf and AC3) in the smooth muscle of human bronchi. In primary cultures of isolated human ASM, we identified mRNA expression for multiple ORs. Strikingly, OR51E2 was the most highly enriched OR transcript mapped to the human olfactome in lung-resident cells...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894562/todd-s-paresis-in-acute-mild-head-trauma
#2
Alan Cowley, David Wright, Thomas Breen, Richard Lyon
We present the case of an adult male who sustained Todd's paresis after a traumatically induced seizure in a patient with an isolated facial injury. The precipitating event was head trauma from a golf club. The patient had no previous history of seizures and went on to make a complete neurologic recovery with no cerebral pathology noted. A literature review suggests that Todd's paresis after trauma is very rare as opposed to occurring in the medical or long-term brain injury settings. Although the authors acknowledge that it may occur in trauma, the awareness within the prehospital setting is sufficiently rare for this case report to be of interest to prehospital clinicians; it is important prehospital clinicians are aware of this condition...
November 2016: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886842/hand-and-wrist-injuries-in-golfers-and-their-treatment
#3
REVIEW
Sang-Hyun Woo, Young-Keun Lee, Jong-Min Kim, Ho-Jun Cheon, William H J Chung
A thorough understanding of the swing phases and mechanisms of injury in golf allows accurate diagnosis, treatment, and future prevention of injuries. Recommended initial treatment starts with cessation of practice to rest the wrist, a splint or orthotic brace, and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug medication with corticosteroid injection and swing modification. Pisiform excision is the best treatment of the most severe chronic cases of pisiform ligament complex syndrome. Delayed diagnosis of hook of hamate fracture may lead to complications, including flexor tendon rupture...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879299/return-to-golf-after-lumbar-fusion
#4
Grant D Shifflett, Michael D Hellman, Phillip K Louie, Christopher Mikhail, Kevin U Park, Frank M Phillips
BACKGROUND: Spinal fusion surgery is being increasingly performed, yet few studies have focused on return to recreational sports after lumbar fusion and none have specifically analyzed return to golf. HYPOTHESIS: Most golfers successfully return to sport after lumbar fusion surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4. METHODS: All patients who underwent 1- or 2-level primary lumbar fusion surgery for degenerative pathologies performed by a single surgeon between January 2008 and October 2012 and had at least 1-year follow-up were included...
November 22, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856265/bilateral-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-functional-outcome-and-activities-of-daily-living
#5
Ofer Levy, Joanna Walecka, George Arealis, Oren Tsvieli, Giuseppe Della Rotonda, Ruben Abraham, Ioannis Polyzois, Zac Jurkowski, Ehud Atoun
BACKGROUND: Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) has gained popularity in recent years, providing good shoulder elevation, yet less predictable rotations. Good rotations are crucial for performance of activities of daily living (ADLs), including personal hygiene. Concerns remain regarding bilateral rTSA over lack of rotations bilaterally and resultant difficulties with ADLs. This study examined the outcome of patients with bilateral rTSA in restoration of function and ADLs. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected for 19 patients (15 women, 4 men; 38 shoulders), with a mean age of 74...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852153/how-to-quantify-the-transition-phase-during-golf-swing-performance-torsional-load-affects-low-back-complaints-during-the-transition-phase
#6
Taeyong Sim, Ahnryul Choi, Soeun Lee, Joung Hwan Mun
The transition phase of a golf swing is considered to be a decisive instant required for a powerful swing. However, at the same time, the low back torsional loads during this phase can have a considerable effect on golf-related low back pain (LBP). Previous efforts to quantify the transition phase were hampered by problems with accuracy due to methodological limitations. In this study, vector-coding technique (VCT) method was proposed as a comprehensive methodology to quantify the precise transition phase and examine low back torsional load...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822605/quiet-eye-facilitates-sensorimotor-preprograming-and-online-control-of-precision-aiming-in-golf-putting
#7
Joe Causer, Spencer J Hayes, James M Hooper, Simon J Bennett
An occlusion protocol was used to elucidate the respective roles of preprograming and online control during the quiet eye period of golf putting. Twenty-one novice golfers completed golf putts to 6-ft and 11-ft targets under full vision or with vision occluded on initiation of the backswing. Radial error (RE) was higher, and quiet eye was longer, when putting to the 11-ft versus 6-ft target, and in the occluded versus full vision condition. Quiet eye durations, as well as preprograming, online and dwell durations, were longer in low-RE compared to high-RE trials...
November 7, 2016: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814554/degradation-and-sorption-of-the-fungicide-tebuconazole-in-soils-from-golf-greens
#8
Nora Badawi, Annette E Rosenbom, Anne M D Jensen, Sebastian R Sørensen
The fungicide tebuconazole (TBZ) is used to repress fungal growth in golf greens and ensure their playability. This study determined the degradation and sorption of TBZ applied as an analytical grade compound, a commercial fungicide formulation or in combination with a surfactant product in thatch and soils below two types of greens (USGA and push-up greens) in 12-cm vertical profiles covered by three different types of turf grass. Only minor TBZ degradation was observed and it was most pronounced in treatments with the commercial fungicide product or in combination with the surfactant compared to the analytical grade compound alone...
November 1, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809700/an-examination-of-the-correlation-amongst-trunk-flexibility-x-factor-and-clubhead-speed-in-skilled-golfers
#9
Christopher Joyce
Skilled golfers are reported to be more flexible than lesser able golfers, which may assist in increased x-factor (shoulder-pelvis separation) at the top of the backswing. However, it is unknown if increased flexibility produces faster clubhead speed. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations amongst trunk flexibility and x-factor, as well as the association between flexibility and clubhead speed in low handicap golfers. Fifteen low handicap male golfers who displayed a modern swing, had their trunk static anatomical end-range of motion (flexibility) and driver swing kinematics were measured...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785896/squamous-cell-carcinoma-arising-from-a-vulval-epidermal-cyst
#10
Shirley Sze, Ian Richmond, Adam Bickers, Arabinda Saha
Malignant transformation of epidermal cyst is rare, with most cases arising in the head and neck. Here, we report a case of squamous cell carcinoma arising from a longstanding epidermal cyst in the right vulva of a 65-year-old woman. The patient presented with a sudden increase in size of the cyst over 6 weeks to the size of a golf ball. Excisional biopsy and histology indicated moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma within an epidermal cyst (FIGO stage IB). Strong p16 immunopositivity was also demonstrated and the potential significance of this is discussed...
November 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777281/hand-pain-in-a-golfer-a-case-report-of-a-metacarpal-stress-injury-and-a-review-of-the-literature-regarding-return-to-play-in-grip-athletes
#11
Cortie J Rolison, Milton Kyle Smoot
A 19-year-old golfer presented to the sports clinic with a 2-week history of dominant-hand pain after several months of daily golf. He had a metacarpal stress fracture. This case discusses the athlete's return-to-play timeline as well as reviews the current limited literature guiding return to play in grip athletes.
October 24, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769211/the-forgotten-guidelines-cross-sectional-analysis-of-participation-in-muscle-strengthening-and-balance-co-ordination-activities-by-adults-and-older-adults-in-scotland
#12
Tessa Strain, Claire Fitzsimons, Paul Kelly, Nanette Mutrie
BACKGROUND: In 2011, the UK physical activity guidelines were updated to include recommendations for muscle strengthening and balance & coordination (at least two sessions of relevant activities per week). However, monitoring and policy efforts remain focussed on aerobic activity. This study aimed to assess differences by gender and age in the a) prevalence of muscle strengthening and balance & co-ordination guidelines, and b) participation in guideline-specific activities. METHODS: The sample for the muscle strengthening analyses was 10,488 adult (16-64 years) and 3857 older adult (≥65 years) 2012-2014 Scottish Health Survey respondents...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768705/urbanized-white-ibises-eudocimus-albus-as-carriers-of-salmonella-enterica-of-significance-to-public-health-and-wildlife
#13
Sonia M Hernandez, Catharine N Welch, Valerie E Peters, Erin K Lipp, Shannon Curry, Michael J Yabsley, Susan Sanchez, Andrea Presotto, Peter Gerner-Smidt, Kelley B Hise, Elizabeth Hammond, Whitney M Kistler, Marguerite Madden, April L Conway, Tiffany Kwan, John J Maurer
Worldwide, Salmonella spp. is a significant cause of disease for both humans and wildlife, with wild birds adapted to urban environments having different opportunities for pathogen exposure, infection, and transmission compared to their natural conspecifics. Food provisioning by people may influence these factors, especially when high-density mixed species flocks aggregate. White Ibises (Eudocimus albus), an iconic Everglades species in decline in Florida, are becoming increasingly common in urbanized areas of south Florida where most are hand-fed...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737623/comparison-of-centre-of-gravity-and-centre-of-pressure-patterns-in-the-golf-swing
#14
Aimée C Smith, Jonathan R Roberts, Pui Wah Kong, Stephanie E Forrester
Analysing the centre of pressure (COP) and centre of gravity (COG) could reveal stabilising strategies used by golfers throughout the golf swing. This study identified and compared golfers' COP and COG patterns throughout the golf swing in medial-lateral (ML) and anterior-posterior (AP) directions using principal component analysis (PCA) and examined their relationship to clubhead velocity. Three-dimensional marker trajectories were collected using Vicon motion analysis and force plate data from two Kistler force plates for 22 low-handicap golfers during drives...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731997/imprinting-dimples-on-narrowly-dispersed-polymeric-spheres-by-heterocoagulation-between-hard-polymer-particles-and-soft-oil-droplets
#15
Kanji Kadowaki, Haruyuki Ishii, Daisuke Nagao, Mikio Konno
Golf ball-like particles having a number of dimples on their spherical surfaces were prepared by a combined method of a heterocoagulation between hard polymer particles and soft silicone oil droplets, a polymerization of the oil droplets and a dissolution of the polymer particles with tetrahydrofuran. In the heterocoagulation polystyrene (PSt) particles with three different sizes were employed as hard particles. Distribution of dimples formed with small-sized PSt particles (SPS) was less homogeneous than that with middle-sized particles (MPS)...
October 12, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721124/ecological-risk-assessment-of-trace-elements-in-sediment-a-case-study-from-limpopo-south-africa
#16
S Dahms, N J Baker, R Greenfield
This study aimed to determine the ecological risk posed by metals, in sediments from the Nyl River system in Limpopo, South Africa. Metals were extracted from sediment samples by aqua regia microwave digestion and were analysed using standard ICP-OES techniques. The ecological risk indices applied to the data included Contamination Factor, Pollution Load Index, Geo-accumulation Index and Enrichment Factor. The results showed that the levels of Ni at STW and NYL in the HF period exceeded the Canadian Sediment Quality Guidelines by a factor of 1...
October 6, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718640/targeted-upper-limb-wii-based-movement-therapy-also-improves-lower-limb-muscle-activation-and-functional-movement-in-chronic-stroke
#17
Terry Trinh, Christine T Shiner, Angelica G Thompson-Butel, Penelope A McNulty
PURPOSE: Post-stroke hemiparesis may manifest as asymmetric gait, poor balance, and inefficient movement patterns. We investigated improvements in lower-limb muscle activation and function during Wii-based Movement Therapy (WMT), a rehabilitation program specifically targeting upper-limb motor-function. METHODS: Electromyography (EMG) was recorded bilaterally from tibialis anterior (TA) in 20 stroke patients during a 14-day WMT program. EMG amplitude and burst duration were analyzed during stereotypical movement sequences of WMT activities...
October 9, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710146/high-prevalence-of-dehydration-and-inadequate-nutritional-knowledge-among-university-and-club-level-athletes
#18
Pamela J Magee, Alison M Gallagher, Jacqueline M McCormack
Although dehydration of ≥2% body weight (BW) loss significantly impairs endurance performance, dehydration remains prevalent among athletes and may be owing to a lack of knowledge in relation to fluid requirements. The aim of this study was to assess the hydration status of university/club level athletes (n=430) from a range of sports/activities (army officer cadet training; bootcamp training; cycling; Gaelic Athletic Association camogie, football and hurling; golf; hockey; netball; rugby; running (sprinting and endurance); Shotokan karate and soccer) immediately before and after training/competition and to assess their nutritional knowledge...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697939/the-relationships-between-golf-and-health-a-scoping-review
#19
A D Murray, L Daines, D Archibald, R A Hawkes, C Schiphorst, P Kelly, L Grant, N Mutrie
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships between golf and health. DESIGN: Scoping review. DATA SOURCES: Published and unpublished reports of any age or language, identified by searching electronic databases, platforms, reference lists, websites and from consulting experts. REVIEW METHODS: A 3-step search strategy identified relevant published primary and secondary studies as well as grey literature. Identified studies were screened for final inclusion...
October 3, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697934/infographic-golf-and-health
#20
A D Murray, L Daines, D Archibald, R A Hawkes, C Schiphorst, P Kelly, L Grant, N Mutrie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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