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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205483/plate-fixation-versus-percutaneous-pinning-for-unstable-metacarpal-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#1
Eitan Melamed, LiJin Joo, Edward Lin, Donato Perretta, John T Capo
BACKGROUND: Whether percutaneous pinning or plate fixation is more appropriate for metacarpal fractures is still open to debate. Our study purpose was to review the current literature in an attempt to determine the optimal treatment modality for metacarpal fractures on the basis of functional outcomes, radiographic outcome and rates of complications. METHODS: We selected Pubmed, Cochrane library, EMBASE and the relevant English orthopedic journals and pooled data from eligible trials including four comparative studies and one retrospective review...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194518/-chronic-pain-in-general-practice-results-from-pain-specialists
#2
A Heymanns, H Rudolf, H Schneider-Nutz, K Salem, K Strick, M Zenz
BACKGROUND: There is currently a lack of data on chronic pain in general practice. METHODS: Over a period of 2 years, data from 12,271 patients visiting a pain specialist on an outpatient basis were collected. All patients had documented their pain history (German pain questionnaire) via tablet/computer into a databank. RESULTS: Data from 12,246 patients from 30 pain clinics could be evaluated. The proportion of women was higher (67%). The majority of patients suffered from back pain (52%)...
February 13, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183556/blood-loss-and-transfusion-requirements-with-epsilon-aminocaproic-acid-use-during-cranial-vault-reconstruction-surgery
#3
Mark E Thompson, Charles Saadeh, Phillip Watkins, Laszlo Nagy, Joshua Demke
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether epsilon-aminocaproic acid (EACA) load of 50 mg∙kg(-1) before skin incision, and infusion of 25 mg∙kg(-1)∙h(-1) until skin closure during cranial vault reconstruction (CVR) were associated with decreased estimated blood loss and transfusion requirements. BACKGROUND: Antifibrinolytic medications decrease bleeding and transfusion requirements during cardiothoracic and orthopedic surgeries with high blood loss, but practical reductions in blood loss and transfusion requirements have not been consistently realized in children undergoing CVR...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159606/recent-coating-developments-for-combination-devices-in-orthopedic-and-dental-applications-a-literature-review
#4
Eric J Tobin
Orthopedic and dental implants have been used successfully for decades to replace or repair missing or damaged bones, joints, and teeth, thereby restoring patient function subsequent to disease or injury. However, although device success rates are generally high, patient outcomes are sometimes compromised due to device-related problems such as insufficient integration, local tissue inflammation, and infection. Many different types of surface coatings have been developed to address these shortcomings, including those that incorporate therapeutic agents to provide localized delivery to the surgical site...
January 31, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144608/the-current-perspectives-of-stem-cell-therapy-in-orthopedic-surgery
#5
REVIEW
Serkan Akpancar, Oner Tatar, Hasan Turgut, Faruk Akyildiz, Safak Ekinci
CONTEXT: Musculoskeletal injuries may be painful, troublesome, life limiting and also one of the global health problems. There has been considerable amount of interest during the past two decades to stem cells and tissue engineering techniques in orthopedic surgery, especially to manage special and compulsive injuries within the musculoskeletal system. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The aim of this study was to present a literature review regarding the most recent progress in stem cell procedures and current indications in orthopedics clinical care practice...
December 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142263/current-practice-of-cervical-disc-arthroplasty-a-survey-among-383-aospine-international-members
#6
Timothy C Chin-See-Chong, Pravesh S Gadjradj, Robert J Boelen, Biswadjiet S Harhangi
OBJECTIVE The use of cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) in spinal practice is controversial. This may be explained by the lack of studies with a large sample size and long-term outcomes. With this survey the authors aimed to evaluate the opinions of spine surgeons on the use of CDA in the current treatment of cervical disc herniation (CDH). METHODS A web-based survey was sent to all members of AOSpine International by email using SurveyMonkey on July 18, 2016. A single reminder was sent on August 18, 2016. Questions included geographic location; specialty; associated practice model; number of discectomies performed annually; the use of CDA, anterior cervical discectomy (ACD), and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF); and the expectations for clinical outcomes of these procedures...
February 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138264/validation-of-the-scale-on-satisfaction-of-adolescents-with-postoperative-pain-management-idiopathic-scoliosis-sap-s
#7
Christelle Khadra, Sylvie Le May, Ariane Ballard, Jean Théroux, Sylvie Charette, Edith Villeneuve, Stefan Parent, Argerie Tsimicalis, Jill MacLaren Chorney
BACKGROUND: Spinal fusion is a common orthopedic surgery in children and adolescents and is associated with high pain levels postoperatively. If the pain is not well managed, negative outcomes may ensue. To our knowledge, there is no measure in English that assesses patient's satisfaction with postoperative pain management following idiopathic scoliosis surgery. The aim of the present study was to assess the psychometric properties of the satisfaction subscale of the English version of the Satisfaction of Adolescents with Postoperative pain management - idiopathic Scoliosis (SAP-S) scale...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112787/posterior-cortical-axis-a-new-landmark-to-control-femoral-component-rotation-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#8
Doerte Matziolis, Marius Meiser, Norbert Sieber, Ulf Teichgräber, Georg Matziolis
Rotation errors of the femoral component are held responsible for occurrences such as instability in flexion and midflexion, patellar maltracking, and arthrofibrosis following total knee arthroplasty. However, in many cases, the epicondylar axis cannot be reliably identified due to bone defects or metal artifacts on computed tomography, so alternative landmarks are necessary to evaluate the femoral component rotation. The current study sought to determine the relationship of the posterior cortical bone and the anterior cortical bone in relation to the epicondylar axis...
January 20, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086940/ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-peripheral-nerve-stimulation-for-analgesia-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-feasibility-study
#9
Brian M Ilfeld, Christopher A Gilmore, Stuart A Grant, Michael P Bolognesi, Daniel J Del Gaizo, Amorn Wongsarnpigoon, Joseph W Boggs
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve stimulation has been used for decades to treat chronic pain but has not been used for postoperative analgesia due to multiple limitations, beginning with invasive electrode placement. With the development of small-diameter/gauge leads enabling percutaneous insertion, ultrasound guidance for accurate introduction, and stimulators small enough to be adhered to the skin, neurostimulation may now be provided in a similar manner to continuous peripheral nerve blocks...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005119/an-overview-of-the-history-of-orthopedic-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Ishaan Swarup, Joseph F O'Donnell
Orthopedic surgery has a long and rich history. While the modern term orthopedics was coined in the 1700s, orthopedic principles were beginning to be developed and used during primitive times. The Egyptians continued these practices, and described ways to recognize and manage common orthopedic conditions. The Greeks and Romans subsequently began to study medicine in a systematic manner, and greatly improved our understanding of orthopedic anatomy and surgical technique. After a period of little progress during the Middle Ages, rapid advancement was noted during the Renaissance, including the description of various injuries, improvements in surgical technique, and development of orthopedic hospitals...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005098/allografts-for-ligament-reconstruction-where-are-we-now
#11
REVIEW
Frank B Wydra, Philip J York, Christopher R Johnson, Lorenzo Silvestri
The use of musculoskeletal allografts by orthopedic surgeons continues to rise. The process of procuring and sterilizing allografts is evolving with much consideration to limiting the spread of infectious diseases and preserving tissue integrity. Research involving the application of allografts, particularly for ligament repair, is quite active, necessitating an update for the practicing orthopedist. Avoiding donor site morbidities is one of the most commonly cited advantages of allografts over autografts. There is controversy amongst studies for allografts in terms of their biological incorporation and clinical outcomes compared to autografts...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875955/detection-the-mycoplasma-pneumonia-in-synovial-fluid-of-children-with-negative-culture-arthritis-a-cross-sectional-study-in-tehran-iran
#12
Samileh Noorbakhsh, Mohammad Reza Shokrollahi, Farideh Ebrahimi Taj, Vida Zarabi, Azardokht Tabatabaei
BACKGROUND: arthritis could be caused by different etiologies ranging from rheumatologic diseases to infectious conditions. Therefore, early diagnosis of etiology and treatment is important. The purpose of this study was to determine the the M.pneumonia in synovial fluid of children with arthritis by 2 methods (serology and qualitative PCR). Methods & materials: this trial was carried out as a cross sectional study in pediatric and orthopedic ward of Rasoul-e Akram hospital in Tehran, Iran...
November 21, 2016: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829093/postoperative-pulmonary-complications-early-mortality-and-hospital-stay-following-noncardiothoracic-surgery-a-multicenter-study-by-the-perioperative-research-network-investigators
#13
Ana Fernandez-Bustamante, Gyorgy Frendl, Juraj Sprung, Daryl J Kor, Bala Subramaniam, Ricardo Martinez Ruiz, Jae-Woo Lee, William G Henderson, Angela Moss, Nitin Mehdiratta, Megan M Colwell, Karsten Bartels, Kerstin Kolodzie, Jadelis Giquel, Marcos Francisco Vidal Melo
Importance: Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs), a leading cause of poor surgical outcomes, are heterogeneous in their pathophysiology, severity, and reporting accuracy. Objective: To prospectively study clinical and radiological PPCs and respiratory insufficiency therapies in a high-risk surgical population. Design, Setting, and Participants: We performed a multicenter prospective observational study in 7 US academic institutions...
February 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822000/attitude-of-hand-surgeons-toward-affordable-care-act-a-survey-of-members-of-american-society-for-surgery-of-the-hand
#14
Valeriy Shubinets, Patrick A Gerety, Christopher J Pannucci, Paris D Butler, Michael N Mirzabeigi, Benjamin Chang, L Scott Levin, Ines C Lin
The purpose of this study was to examine current attitude of hand surgeons toward the Affordable Care Act (ACA). An electronic survey was sent to members of American Society for Surgery of the Hand (ASSH) to examine their attitude toward the Affordable Care Act. 974 ASSH members responded to the survey (33% response rate). The majority of respondents were male (89%), trained in orthopedic surgery (81%), and in private practice (75%). 41% of respondents rated their knowledge of the ACA as average. Respondents disagreed that the ACA would improve healthcare in the United States (median 2, mean 2...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817153/use-of-fentanyl-iontophoretic-transdermal-system-its-ionsys-%C3%A2-in-the-management-of-patients-with-acute-postoperative-pain-a-case-series
#15
Steven Poplawski, Matthew Johnson, Philip Philips, Leopold H J Eberhart, Tilo Koch, Loretta M Itri
Fentanyl iontophoretic transdermal system (ITS) [IONSYS(®), The Medicines Company, Parsippany, NJ, USA] is a needle-free, patient-controlled, postoperative opioid pain management treatment. It is indicated for the short-term management of acute postoperative pain in adults requiring opioid analgesia in the hospital. The safety and effectiveness of fentanyl ITS for acute postoperative pain management has been demonstrated in a range of surgery and patient types studied in seven phase 3 trials (three placebo-controlled trials and four active-comparator trials)...
December 2016: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766538/social-media-and-your-practice-navigating-the-surgeon-patient-relationship
#16
REVIEW
Alexander S McLawhorn, Ivan De Martino, Keith A Fehring, Peter K Sculco
Utilization of social media both in the private and professional arenas has grown rapidly in the last decade. The rise of social media use within health care can be viewed as the Internet-based corollary of the patient-centered care movement, in which patient perspectives and values are central to the delivery of quality care. For orthopedic surgeons and their practices, general-purpose online social networks, such as Facebook and Twitter, are convenient platforms for marketing, providing patient education and generating referrals...
December 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732721/clinical-practice-guidelines-from-the-aabb-red-blood-cell-transfusion-thresholds-and-storage
#17
Jeffrey L Carson, Gordon Guyatt, Nancy M Heddle, Brenda J Grossman, Claudia S Cohn, Mark K Fung, Terry Gernsheimer, John B Holcomb, Lewis J Kaplan, Louis M Katz, Nikki Peterson, Glenn Ramsey, Sunil V Rao, John D Roback, Aryeh Shander, Aaron A R Tobian
Importance: More than 100 million units of blood are collected worldwide each year, yet the indication for red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and the optimal length of RBC storage prior to transfusion are uncertain. Objective: To provide recommendations for the target hemoglobin level for RBC transfusion among hospitalized adult patients who are hemodynamically stable and the length of time RBCs should be stored prior to transfusion. Evidence Review: Reference librarians conducted a literature search for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating hemoglobin thresholds for RBC transfusion (1950-May 2016) and RBC storage duration (1948-May 2016) without language restrictions...
November 15, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709725/exploring-canadian-surgeons-decisions-about-postoperative-weight-bearing-for-their-hip-fracture-patients
#18
Leslie Carlin, Kathryn Sibley, Richard Jenkinson, Pia Kontos, Rhona McGlasson, Hans J Kreder, Susan Jaglal
For older adults with osteoporosis, a fall resulting in hip fracture is a life-changing event from which only one-third fully recover. Current best evidence argues strongly for elderly patients to bear weight on their repaired hip fracture immediately after their surgery to maximize their chances of full or nearly full recovery. Patient stakeholders in Canada have argued that some surgeons fail to issue "weight-bearing-as-tolerated" (WBAT) orders in all eligible cases, protecting their bony repair but contributing to increased mortality and long-term disability rates...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684078/treatment-of-massive-irreparable-rotator-cuff-tears-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#19
Jason R Kang, Aaron T Sin, Emilie V Cheung
Massive irreparable rotator cuff tears cause significant shoulder pain and dysfunction. Physical therapy (PT), arthroscopic debridement with biceps tenotomy (AD-BT), and hemiarthroplasty (HA) are treatments shown to reduce pain and improve quality of life. Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) is a newer surgical treatment option that may offer improved function. A cost-effectiveness analysis of these interventions has never been performed, and no head-to-head comparative effectiveness trials currently exist...
September 29, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637654/planning-building-and-maintaining-a-successful-musculoskeletal-service-line
#20
REVIEW
Zain Sayeed, Mouhanad M El-Othmani, Afshin A Anoushiravani, Monique C Chambers, Khaled J Saleh
Within the past 3 decades, a recent trend in the growth of musculoskeletal service lines has been seen nationally. Orthopedics offers an appealing concourse for implementation of service-line care. Within this review, the authors address the components involved in planning and building a musculoskeletal service line. The authors also address methods by which orthopedic surgeons can maintain the efficacy of their service lines by examining how orthopedic surgeons can navigate their service line through recent advents in health care reform...
October 2016: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
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