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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495215/-progress-on-influencing-factors-regarding-the-neonatal-group-b-streptococcal-infectious-diseases
#1
X Hong, H Yu, B Wang
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is one of the severe pathogenic bacteria during the perinatal period, both on pregnant women and newborns. GBS infection may lead to pneumonia, septicemia, meningitis or other severe disease, even death in neonates. Although only 1%-2% infections will develop into GBS disease among the neonates, the etiological mechanism of which is worth researching. This review summarizes the possible factors related to GBS infection or occurrence of the disease, including the risk in gestation period (for example, colonization of GBS on vagina of pregnant women, preterm birth or premature rupture of fetal membranes and so on), related pathogens (bacteria strains, loads or virulence), immune level (inflammatory factor or neutralizing anticytokine auto-Abs), gene defect or primary immunodeficiencies of the hosts...
February 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407423/vaginal-temperature-measurement-by-a-wireless-sensor-for-predicting-the-onset-of-calving-in-japanese-black-cows
#2
Miki Sakatani, Takaaki Sugano, Aiki Higo, Koji Naotsuka, Takuo Hojo, Satoru Gessei, Hiroshi Uehara, Naoki Takenouchi
We evaluated the utility of the continuous measurement of vaginal temperature by a wireless sensor and wireless connection for predicting the onset of calving and for clarifying the relationships among dystocia, calf conditions, and temperature changes at a commercial beef cattle farm in Japan. A total of 625 effective delivery data was collected. The temperature sensor inserted to the vagina on 7 days before the expected due date and collected the vaginal temperature every 5 min. The sensor detected two alerts according to the temperature change, one was the vaginal temperature of 4 h moving average compared to the same time temperature of last two days decreased more than 0...
January 31, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238480/maternal-recto-vaginal-colonization-in-term-and-preterm-deliveries
#3
Mostafa Javanian, Zahra Akbarian Rad, Mohsen Haghshenas Mojaveri, Azita Ghanbarpour Shiadeh, Soheil Ebrahimpour
Background and aim: Maternal recto-vaginal organisms are the main cause of early-onset sepsis in neonates. The aim of this study was to determine the most common organisms and compare maternal recto-vaginal colonization in term and preterm delivery. Methods: This cross-sectional study was done from October 2014 through October 2016 among participants referred to Ayatollah Rouhani Hospital in Babol, Northern Iran. All pregnant women within gestational age (GA) ≥ 26 weeks and labor pain were included in this study...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114268/vaginal-fluid-urea-and-creatinine-in-the-diagnosis-of-premature-rupture-of-membranes-in-resource-limited-community-settings
#4
Jasmina Begum, Sunil Kumar Samal, Seetesh Ghose, Gopal Niranjan
Objective: Diagnosis of premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is difficult in equivocal cases with traditional methods. This study aimed to evaluate the reliability of vaginal washing fluid urea and creatinine for diagnosis of PROM and to determine the cut off value. Materials and methods: The current study was a prospective case control. Women having gestational age of 28 to 42 weeks were divided into two equal groups: Fifty with history of leaking per vagina (study group) and an equal number with gestation matched none leaking (control group) were recruited...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989925/genital-tract-cavernous-hemangioma-as-a-rare-cause-of-postpartum-hemorrhage
#5
Bo Ram Yu, Ga Eul Lee, Dong Hyu Cho, Young Ju Jeong, Jeong Heon Lee
Cavernous hemangiomas rarely involve the female genital tract. It is difficult to identify vascular malformations when these lesions are concealed in the vagina or deep vulva area. We present a rare case of vaginal cavernous hemangioma in a 30-year-old primiparous woman with an early severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and delayed continuous bleeding from the episiotomy site. She was treated successfully with transarterial embolization of the left vaginal artery. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of PPH caused by rupture of a vaginal hemangioma during vaginal delivery in English literature...
September 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969732/delayed-reconstruction-of-a-traumatic-cloaca-following-obstetric-anal-sphincter-rupture
#6
Ali Ezer, Alper Parlakgumus
Permanent communication between the rectum and the vagina along with full thickness of anal sphincter faults can be a result of an unsuccessful primary repair of fourth degree obstetric trauma. This results into complete fecal incontinence and impaired quality of life. Anterior overlapping sphincteroplasty can be chosen as a method of treatment for fecal incontinence due to obstetric injuries. However, large perineal body reconstructions are generally pretty challenging tasks for surgeons. What we will describe here for the repair of a traumatic cloaca, occurred 23 years ago during vaginal delivery, is the use of a transpositional flap following overlapping sphincteroplasty...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420276/the-influence-of-maternal-vaginal-flora-on-the-intestinal-colonization-in-newborns-and-3-month-old-infants
#7
Iwona Gabriel, Anita Olejek, Krystyna Stencel-Gabriel, Miroslaw Wielgoś
AIM: The role of maternal vaginal bacteria on the colonization of neonatal gut is still a matter of discussion. Our aim was to estimate the role of maternal vaginal flora on the development of intestinal flora in neonates and 3-month-old infants. METHODS: Seventy-nine maternal-neonatal pairs were included in the study. Vaginal swabs were taken before the rupture of membranes after admission to the delivery ward. First neonatal stool (meconium) and stool at 3-month-old infants were collected and cultured...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280293/cervicovaginal-bacteriology-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-patterns-among-women-with-premature-rupture-of-membranes-in-mulago-hospital-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Milton W Musaba, Mike N Kagawa, Charles Kiggundu, Paul Kiondo, Julius Wandabwa
Background . A 2013 Cochrane review concluded that the choice of antibiotics for prophylaxis in PROM is not clear. In Uganda, a combination of oral erythromycin and amoxicillin is the 1st line for prophylaxis against ascending infection. Our aim was to establish the current cervicovaginal bacteriology and antibiotic sensitivity patterns. Methods . Liquor was collected aseptically from the endocervical canal and pool in the posterior fornix of the vagina using a pipette. Aerobic cultures were performed on blood, chocolate, and MacConkey agar and incubated at 35-37°C for 24-48 hrs...
2017: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035443/effect-of-mesh-width-on-apical-support-after-sacrocolpopexy
#9
Sunil Balgobin, Joseph L Fitzwater, Donald D McIntire, Imelda J Delgado, Clifford Y Wai
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We evaluated the effect of polypropylene mesh width on vaginal apical support, mesh elongation, and mesh tensile strength for abdominal sacrocolpopexy. METHODS: Abdominal sacrocolpopexy was performed on ten cadavers using pieces of polypropylene mesh of width 1, 2, and 3 cm. Weights of 1, 2, 3, and 4 kg were sequentially applied to the vagina. The total distance moved by the vaginal apex, and the amount of stretch of the intervening mesh segment between the sacrum and the vagina were recorded for each width...
August 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603220/putative-functions-of-tissue-kallikrein-related-peptidases-in-vaginal-fluid
#10
REVIEW
Carla M J Muytjens, Stella K Vasiliou, Katerina Oikonomopoulou, Ioannis Prassas, Eleftherios P Diamandis
Cervical-vaginal fluid (CVF) is a complex biological fluid that hydrates the mucosa of the lower female reproductive system. In-depth proteomic and biochemical studies on CVF have revealed that it contains large amounts of endogenous proteases and protease inhibitors, including an abundance of several members of the tissue kallikrein-related peptidase (KLK) family. Despite their ubiquitous presence in human tissues and fluids, KLK expression levels vary considerably, with maximum expression observed in reproduction-related tissues and fluids...
October 2016: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356796/-the-relationship-between-group-b-streptococcus-genital-infection-and-premature-rupture-of-membrane
#11
J J Yan, M Gong, J Zhang, C B Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the group B streptococcal (GBS) genital infection of the pregnant women and premature rupture of membrane (PROM). METHODS: Five hundred and eighty seven cases in our hospital maternity clinic or hospital delivery of pregnant women were enrolled from October 2014 to December 2014, including 189 cases of pregnant women with PROM as the observation group and 398 cases of pregnant women without PROM as a control group...
June 21, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142383/a-case-of-uterine-torsion-concurrent-with-a-ruptured-ovarian-endometrial-cyst
#12
Aya Hashimoto, Junko Takahama, Naoya Harada, Shinsaku Maeda, Hiroshi Anai, Akio Fukusumi, Shunsuke Imai, Kimihiko Kichikawa
The patient was a 54-year-old female presented with severe abdominal swelling and intermittent pain. On emergent CT, massive ascites with thickened peritoneum and intra-pelvic cystic mass approximately 20 cm in diameter were observed. The cyst wall showed redundant irregular shape. The uterus was enlarged with intramural mass located at its right anterior fundus. MRI showed this pelvic cyst as high intensity on T1-weighted images, so that it was suspected as an endometrial cyst. The operation revealed the rupture of endometrial cyst and the uterine torsion of 180° around the long axis...
September 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127435/bacterial-endocarditis-caused-by-lactobacillus-acidophilus-leading-to-rupture-of-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysm
#13
Carlos Omar Encarnacion, Austin Mitchell Loranger, A G Bharatkumar, G Hossein Almassi
Lactobacillus acidophilus rarely causes bacterial endocarditis, because it usually resides in the mucosa of the vagina, gastrointestinal tract, and oropharynx. Moreover, sinus of Valsalva aneurysms are rare cardiac anomalies, either acquired or congenital. We present the case of a middle-aged man whose bacterial endocarditis, caused by Lactobacillus acidophilus, led to an aneurysmal rupture of the sinus of Valsalva into the right ventricular outflow tract. The patient underwent successful surgical repair, despite numerous complications and sequelae...
April 2016: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106195/predictors-of-outcomes-of-non-elective-cervical-cerclages
#14
Elham M Jalal, Felipe Moretti, Andree Gruslin
BACKGROUND: Non-elective cervical cerclages are associated with significant perinatal complications. There is scant available information about what the predictors of these outcomes are, thus making counselling difficult. OBJECTIVE: To identify which factors predict delivery at or beyond 28, 34, and 37 weeks' gestation in women with emergency/rescue cervical cerclage. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of nonelective cerclages over 10 years in our centre...
March 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27047692/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-gynecologic-procedures-prior-to-and-during-the-utilization-of-assisted-reproductive-technologies-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Nigel Pereira, Anne P Hutchinson, Jovana P Lekovich, Elie Hobeika, Rony T Elias
The use of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) has increased steadily. There has been a corresponding increase in the number of ART-related procedures such as hysterosalpingography (HSG), saline infusion sonography (SIS), hysteroscopy, laparoscopy, oocyte retrieval, and embryo transfer (ET). While performing these procedures, the abdomen, upper vagina, and endocervix are breached, leading to the possibility of seeding pelvic structures with microorganisms. Antibiotic prophylaxis is therefore important to prevent or treat any procedure-related infections...
2016: Journal of Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27039249/pregnancy-loss-french-clinical-practice-guidelines
#16
EDITORIAL
C Huchon, X Deffieux, G Beucher, P Capmas, X Carcopino, N Costedoat-Chalumeau, A Delabaere, V Gallot, E Iraola, V Lavoue, G Legendre, V Lejeune-Saada, J Leveque, S Nedellec, J Nizard, T Quibel, D Subtil, F Vialard, D Lemery
In intrauterine pregnancies of uncertain viability with a gestational sac without a yolk sac (with a mean of three orthogonal transvaginal ultrasound measurements <25mm), the suspected pregnancy loss should only be confirmed after a follow-up scan at least 14 days later shows no embryo with cardiac activity (Grade C). In intrauterine pregnancies of uncertain viability with an embryo <7mm on transvaginal ultrasound, the suspected pregnancy loss should only be confirmed after a follow-up scan at least 7 days later (Grade C)...
June 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968288/maternal-outcome-of-early-intervention-in-women-with-prom-at-term-37-weeks-or-more
#17
Sajida Alias Sahibzadi Hingoro, Naushaba Rizwan, Roshan Ara Qazi
Pre-labour rupture of membranes (PROM) is associated with complications as increase in the rate of induction of labour, foetal distress, foetal and maternal infection, and caesarean section. The objective of this case series was to determine the maternal outcome of early intervention with prostaglandin E2 in women with PROM at term in a Tertiary Care Hospital. The study period was six months from 2nd July 2014 to 1st January 2015. A total of 183 women with spontaneous PROM were selected. Detailed history was taken and clinical examination was performed...
March 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26784330/vaginal-versus-obstetric-infection-escherichia-coli-isolates-among-pregnant-women-antimicrobial-resistance-and-genetic-virulence-profile
#18
Emma Sáez-López, Elisabet Guiral, Dietmar Fernández-Orth, Sonia Villanueva, Anna Goncé, Marta López, Irene Teixidó, Anna Pericot, Francesc Figueras, Montse Palacio, Teresa Cobo, Jordi Bosch, Sara M Soto
Vaginal Escherichia coli colonization is related to obstetric infections and the consequent development of infections in newborns. Ampicillin resistance among E. coli strains is increasing, which is the main choice for treating empirically many obstetric and neonatal infections. Vaginal E. coli strains are very similar to extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli with regards to the virulence factors and the belonging to phylogroup B2. We studied the antimicrobial resistance and the genetic virulence profile of 82 E...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26765160/the-effect-of-warm-compress-bistage-intervention-on-the-rate-of-episiotomy-perineal-trauma-and-postpartum-pain-intensity-in-primiparous-women-with-delayed-valsalva-maneuver-referring-to-the-selected-hospitals-of-shiraz-university-of-medical-sciences-in-2012
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Marzieh Akbarzadeh, Faride Vaziri, Mahnaz Farahmand, Zahra Masoudi, Sedigheh Amooee, Najaf Zare
BACKGROUND: Genital trauma during vaginal delivery may result from episiotomy, spontaneous perineal tears (perineum, vagina), or both. In 2012, this study aimed to investigate the effect of warm compress bistage intervention on the rate of episiotomy, perineal trauma, and postpartum pain intensity in the primiparous woman with delayed Valsalva maneuver. METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, which was performed in hospitals in Shiraz, Iran, in 2012-2013, 150 women were randomly divided into 2 groups: 1 intervention and 1 control...
February 2016: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26723194/prolonged-latency-of-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-and-risk-of-neonatal-sepsis
#20
Daphnie Drassinower, Alexander M Friedman, Sarah G Običan, Heather Levin, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman
BACKGROUND: Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is associated with inflammation and infection, and it may involve the loss of a barrier to ascending infection from the vagina, and it is possible that prolonged PPROM could be an independent risk factor for neonatal sepsis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether prolonged latency after PPROM is associated with an increased risk of neonatal sepsis. STUDY DESIGN: This secondary analysis of the randomized controlled trial of magnesium sulfate for the prevention of cerebral palsy evaluated whether the time interval between diagnosis of PPROM and delivery was associated with an increased risk of neonatal sepsis...
June 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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