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spirituality health

Lorna Awo Renner, Deborah McGill
BACKGROUND: Developing countries such as Ghana have very poor childhood cancer survival rates. There is a need to determine reasons for late presentation and treatment abandonment which are major causes of poor survival. Understanding these issues could inform effective strategies for childhood cancer control in resource-constrained settings. AIM: To explore factors influencing parental decision-making for children with cancer in Ghana with regard to health seeking and retention in treatment, in order to provide information that will guide Public Health interventions for childhood cancer control...
September 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
Marta Dąbrowska-Bender, Magdalena Milewska, Aleksandra Gołąbek, Aneta Duda-Zalewska, Anna Staniszewska
BACKGROUND: Cerebral stroke is the major cause of disability in the modern world and, given its consequences, poses serious medical and social problems. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the quality of life of patients who suffered from an ischemic cerebral stroke with respect to various areas of life, including, in particular, clinical and psychoemotional factors. The study hypothesis states that the poststroke quality of life is reduced in the general context as well as in the context of specific areas of life...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Michael B Berg, Avi Anshika
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the health locus of control (HLOC) beliefs of patients and visitors at a free, state-run medical clinic in Faridabad, India, in order to establish a norm for this population and to explore potential associations between the different categories of causal health beliefs. DESIGN: Participants (110 men, 96 women) were interviewed in Hindi and asked a shortened version of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale assessing both internal HLOC and three aspects of external HLOC (chance, powerful others, and God)...
October 14, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Dipak Shukla, Kaustubhi Shukla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Kate Churruca, Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz
Bulimia, an eating disorder that affects more women than men, involves binging and compensatory behaviors. Given the importance of food in experiences of these behaviors, in this article, we examine constructions of food in accounts of bulimic behavior: how these constructions relate to cultural discourses, and their implications for subjectivity. Fifteen women who engaged in bulimic behaviors were interviewed. Through a thematic decomposition of their accounts, we identified six discursive constructions of food: "good/healthy" or "bad/unhealthy," "contaminating body and soul," "collapsed into fat," "pleasurable reward," "comfort," and "fuel for the body...
October 13, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
Olav Nyttingnes, Torleif Ruud, Jorun Rugkåsa
PURPOSE: Some patients criticize coercive mental health treatment using extremely strong words. This may be connected to poor therapeutic relationships and unfavourable treatment outcomes, so a better understanding of this criticism is warranted. METHODS: Data consisted of detailed notes from 15 all-day dialogue seminars on coercion and voluntariness in Oslo, Norway from 2006 to 2009. Very dissatisfied patients and ex-patients were a central voice through the seminars...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Glenda Cook, Cathy Bailey, Philip Hodgson, Joanne Gray, Emma Barron, Christine McMillan, Roy Marston, Eleanor Binks, Joanne Rose
The aim of this study was to examine sheltered housing tenants' views of health and well-being, the strategies they adopted to support their well-being, and their use of health and social care services through a Health Needs Assessment. Sheltered housing in the UK is a form of service-integrated housing for people, predominantly over 60. The study used a parallel, three-strand mixed method approach to encompass the tenants' perceptions of health and well-being (n = 96 participants), analysis of the service's health and well-being database, and analysis of emergency and elective hospital admissions (n = 978 tenant data sets for the period January to December 2012)...
October 10, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
Katalin Solymosi, Attila Köfalvi
Cannabis is one of the earliest cultivated plants. Cannabis of industrial utility and culinary value is generally termed as hemp. Conversely, cannabis that is bred for medical, spiritual and recreational purposes is called marijuana. The female marijuana plant produces a significant quantity of bio- and psychoactive phytocannabinoids, which regained the spotlight with the discovery of the endocannabinoid system of the animals in the early 90's. Nevertheless, marijuana is surrounded by controversies, debates and misconceptions related to its taxonomic classification, forensic identification, medical potential, legalization and its long-term health consequences...
October 4, 2016: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Cheryl Tatano Beck, Carrie Morgan Eaton, Robert K Gable
OBJECTIVE: To investigate vicarious posttraumatic growth in labor and delivery nurses who cared for women during traumatic births. DESIGN: A convergent parallel mixed-methods design was used. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 467 labor and delivery nurses who completed the quantitative portion and 295 (63%) who completed the qualitative portion of this mixed-methods study via the Internet. METHODS: The Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses sent out e-mails to members who were labor and delivery nurses with a link to the electronic survey...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
John F Kelly
BACKGROUND: Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a world-wide recovery mutual-help organization that continues to arouse controversy. In large part, concerns persist because of AA's ostensibly quasi-religious/spiritual orientation and emphasis. In 1990 the United States' Institute of Medicine called for more studies on AA's effectiveness and its mechanisms of behavior change (MOBC) stimulating a flurry of federally funded research. This paper reviews the religious/spiritual origins of AA and its program and contrasts its theory with findings from this latest research...
October 8, 2016: Addiction
Valeria Markova, Gro M Sandal
Objective: Refugees are at high risk of experiencing mental health problems due to trauma in their pasts and to acculturation stress as they settle in a new country. To develop efficient health services that meet the needs of refugees from different regions, an understanding is required of how they make sense of and prefer to cope with mental health problems. This study aims to investigate lay explanatory models of depression and preferred coping strategies among Somali refugees in Norway. Methods: The study used a mixed-method design with a vignette describing a moderately depressed person based on ICD-10 criteria...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Naa-Solo Tettey, Pedro A Duran, Holly S Andersen, Carla Boutin-Foster
In order to effectively address cardiovascular disease among African Americans, evidence-based health information must be disseminated within a context aligned with the values and beliefs of the population. Faith-based organizations play a critical role in meeting the religious and spiritual needs of many African Americans. Additionally, faith-based organizations can be effective in health promotion. A manual was created by incorporating biblical scriptures relating to health messages drawn from existing health manuals oriented toward African Americans...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Jana Maryšková
As military and prison chaplains have been active in the military or prison service for many years, nowadays, hospital chaplains have been active in many hospitals in the Czech Republic, too. The work of hospital chaplains, however, still lacks the necessary legislative framework and being embodied in law, which brings some drawbacks. These include primarily non-participation of the ministry of health as a contractual partner in the agreement on spiritual care in health care, the lack of a framework that would arrange the status of chaplains among other health professionals and the related uncertainty regarding career and competency profile of a chaplain...
2016: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Holly Graham, Stephanie Martin
BACKGROUND: There are unequivocal health disparities, both physical and mental, between the Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples of Canada. METHODS: Utilizing narrative inquiry, 15 néhiyawak (Plains Cree people) between 18 and 71 years of age from Thunderchild First Nation were interviewed to explore what improved their mental health and well-being and what they needed to attain optimal mental health and well-being. By posing questions that focused on the positive, the strengths and resilience of the néhiyawak came to the forefront...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Janet R Kahn, William Collinge, Robert Soltysik
BACKGROUND: Veterans with history of deployment in the Global War on Terror face significant and ongoing challenges with high prevalences of adverse psychological, physical, spiritual, and family impacts. Together, these challenges contribute to an emerging public health crisis likely to extend well into the future. Innovative approaches are needed that reach veterans and their family members with strategies they can employ over time in their daily lives to promote improved adjustment and well-being...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Deborah Judge, Melissa Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Home Healthcare Now
Crystal L Park, Lucy Finkelstein-Fox, David M Barnes, Carolyn M Mazure, Rani Hoff
OBJECTIVES: Because the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasing among veterans, understanding more about the characteristics of veterans who use CAM is increasingly important. Studies reporting on predictors of use almost always discuss CAM in the aggregate, yet each CAM modality represents a unique approach to healthcare, and each may have different correlates as well as different effectiveness. Very little information is available about veterans' use of each distinct modality, and about psychosocial correlates of various forms of CAM use...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
H A Bawadi, Z Al-Hamdan
AIMS: To determine the cultural and religious beliefs and practices about childbirth among Jordanian women and to indicate how these beliefs and practices can be integrated into the maternity care of Muslim women in general, especially those immigrating to Western countries. BACKGROUND: The physiology of childbirth is similar for all women worldwide, but the surroundings in which it takes place makes it a unique experience for each woman. Every society has cultural practices and beliefs related to childbirth, and what is considered to be a vital practice in one culture may be seen as insignificant in another...
September 27, 2016: International Nursing Review
J L Meyers, Q Brown, B F Grant, D Hasin
BACKGROUND: Religiosity is a protective factor against many health problems, including alcohol use disorders (AUD). Studies suggest that religiosity has greater buffering effects on mental health problems among US Blacks and Hispanics than Whites. However, whether race/ethnic differences exist in the associations of religiosity, alcohol consumption and AUD is unclear. METHOD: Using 2004-2005 NESARC data (analytic n = 21 965), we examined the relationship of public religiosity (i...
September 26, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Kyung Hee Yoon, Yoo Sun Moon, Yunhwan Lee, Seong Hye Choi, So Young Moon, Sang Won Seo, Kyung Won Park, Bon D Ku, Hyun Jeong Han, Kee Hyung Park, Seol-Heui Han, Eun-Joo Kim, Jae-Hong Lee, Sun A Park, Yong S Shim, Jong Hun Kim, Chang Hyung Hong, Duk L Na, Byoung Seok Ye, Hee Jin Kim, Yeonsil Moon, Sang Soo Lee, Do Hoon Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study explored whether religiosity/spirituality has a protective role against negative caregiving outcomes, in a large multicenter nationwide sample of caregivers of patients with dementia in South Korea. Additionally, this study was the first to examine whether religiosity/spirituality could affect caregiving outcomes according to the various religious affiliations of caregivers. METHODS: The study was conducted on a sample of 476 caregivers of patients with dementia participated in the Clinical Research Center for Dementia of South Korea (CREDOS)...
September 23, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
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