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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087793/race-ethnicity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-lgbt-older-adults
#1
Hyun-Jun Kim, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Few existing studies have addressed racial/ethnic differences in the health and quality of life of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. Guided by the Health Equity Promotion Model, this study examines health-promoting and health risk factors that contribute to racial/ethnic health disparities among LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068145/comparison-of-patient-health-history-questionnaires-used-in-general-internal-and-family-medicine-integrative-medicine-and-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-clinics
#2
Justin G R Laube, Martin F Shapiro
OBJECTIVES: Health history questionnaires (HHQs) are a set of self-administered questions completed by patients prior to a clinical encounter. Despite widespread use, minimal research has evaluated the content of HHQs used in general internal medicine and family medicine (GIM/FM), integrative medicine, and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM; chiropractic, naturopathic, and Traditional Chinese Medicine [TCM]) clinics. Integrative medicine and CAM claim greater emphasis on well-being than does GIM/FM...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067605/near-death-experiences-posttraumatic-growth-and-life-satisfaction-among-burn-survivors
#3
David Royse, Karen Badger
Survivors of large burns may face positive and negative psychological after-effects from close-to-death injuries. This study is the first to examine their near-death experiences (NDEs) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) and life satisfaction afterwards. With an available sample of 92 burn survivors, half met the criteria for an NDE using an objective scale. Those who indicated religion was a source of strength and comfort had high scores on life satisfaction, PTG, and the NDE Scale. Individuals with larger burns reported greater PTG than those with smaller total body surface area burned (TBSA)...
January 9, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062060/providing-appropriate-end-of-life-care-to-religious-and-ethnic-minorities
#4
REVIEW
Daniel K Partain, Cory Ingram, Jacob J Strand
There is overwhelming evidence that racial and ethnic minorities face multiple health care disparities. Recognizing and addressing cultural and religious/spiritual (RS) values is a critical aspect of providing goal-concordant care for patients facing a serious illness, especially at the end of life. Failure to address a patient's cultural and RS needs can lead to diminished quality of care and worse health outcomes. Given the multitude of cultural and RS values, we believe that a framework of cultural and RS curiosity along with a willingness to engage patients in discussions about these elements of their care within an interdisciplinary team should be the goal of all providers who are discussing goals, preferences, and values with patients facing advanced terminal illness...
January 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059573/spirituality-illness-unpredictability-and-math-anxiety-effects-on-negative-affect-and-affect-management-coping-for-individuals-diagnosed-with-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency
#5
Amber K Worthington, Roxanne L Parrott, Rachel A Smith
A growing number of genetic tests are included in diagnostic protocols associated with many common conditions. A positive diagnosis associated with the presence of some gene versions in many instances predicts a range of possible outcomes, and the uncertainty linked to such results contributes to the need to understand varied responses and plan strategic communication. Uncertainty in illness theory (UIT; Mishel, 1988, 1990) guided the investigation of efforts to feel in control and hopeful regarding genetic testing and diagnosis for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD)...
January 6, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052767/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-spiritual-index-of-well-being-in-elderly-taiwanese
#6
Li-Fen Wu, Shu-Hui Yang, Malcolm Koo
BACKGROUND: Spiritual well-being has become an increasingly important issue for the elderly people. The 12-item Spirituality Index of Well-Being (SIWB) is a well-validated instrument for assessing a patient's current spiritual state. However, the psychometric properties of the SIWB in the Chinese elderly populations are not known. Therefore, this study translated the SIWB into Chinese and evaluated its psychometric properties. METHODS: The English version of the SIWB was first translated into Chinese based on the Brislin's translation model...
January 4, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052166/commentary-on-integrating-spirituality-into-outpatient-practice-in-the-adventist-health-system
#7
John R Peteet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052165/integrating-spirituality-into-outpatient-practice-in-the-adventist-health-system
#8
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
OBJECTIVES: We examined Adventist Health System (AHS)-affiliated providers and staff regarding controversial spiritual practices such as praying led by a practitioner, sharing of personal religious beliefs, and encouraging patients' religious beliefs for health reasons. METHODS: Approached were 1082 providers to participate in a project to integrate spirituality into outpatient care. Those who agreed were asked to identify staff in their practice to assist. Providers and staff were asked to complete a baseline questionnaire examining attitudes/practices concerning spiritual activities with patients...
January 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049674/dental-students-knowledge-of-resources-for-lgbt-persons-findings-from-three-dental-schools
#9
Xiaoying Feng, Leda Mugayar, Edna Perez, Pamela R Nagasawa, David G Brown, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
Recently, there has been increased attention to including cultural diversity in the education of health professionals, including concern for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) inclusion and visibility. Studies regarding cultural exposure and acceptance of LGBT populations have been concentrated in medicine, with findings showing that medical providers often graduate having missed the preparation required to care for LGBT persons. A visible, comprehensive, culturally competent environment in dental schools would help ensure that all oral health professionals and students are aware of services available to address the particular needs of LGBT students...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045887/psychometric-testing-of-a-religious-belief-scale
#10
Yi-Chien Chiang, Hsiang-Chun Lee, Tsung-Lane Chu, Chin-Yen Han, Ya-Chu Hsiao
BACKGROUND: Nurses account for a significant percentage of staff in the healthcare system. The religious beliefs of nurses may affect their competence to provide spiritual care to patients. No reliable and valid instruments are currently available to measure the religious beliefs of nurses in Taiwan. PURPOSES: The aims of this study were to develop a religious belief scale (RBS) for Taiwanese nurses and to evaluate the psychometric properties of this scale. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used, and 24 RBS items were generated from in-depth interviews, a literature review, and expert recommendations...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045700/exploring-meaning-in-the-life-of-chinese-breast-cancer-survivors
#11
Hao-Zhi Xia, Lei Gao, Hong Yue, Bao-Xin Shi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide, and spiritual fulfillment such as experiencing meaning in life plays an important role in coping with the disease. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to explore and understand Chinese breast cancer survivors' perspective on meaning in life. METHODS: This study used Grounded Theory; 23 participants were recruited using convenience sampling, purposive sampling, and theoretical sampling...
December 30, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045199/yoga-for-improving-health-related-quality-of-life-mental-health-and-cancer-related-symptoms-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Petra Klose, Silke Lange, Jost Langhorst, Gustav J Dobos
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the cancer most frequently diagnosed in women worldwide. Even though survival rates are continually increasing, breast cancer is often associated with long-term psychological distress, chronic pain, fatigue and impaired quality of life. Yoga comprises advice for an ethical lifestyle, spiritual practice, physical activity, breathing exercises and meditation. It is a complementary therapy that is commonly recommended for breast cancer-related impairments and has been shown to improve physical and mental health in people with different cancer types...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039658/factors-associated-with-parental-adaptation-to-children-with-an-undiagnosed-medical-condition
#13
Tatiane Yanes, Linda Humphreys, Aideen McInerney-Leo, Barbara Biesecker
Little is known about the adaptive process and experiences of parents raising a child with an undiagnosed medical condition. The present study aims to assess how uncertainty, hope, social support, and coping efficacy contributes to adaptation among parents of children with an undiagnosed medical condition. Sixty-two parents of child affected by an undiagnosed medical condition for at least two years completed an electronically self-administered survey. Descriptive analysis suggested parents in this population had significantly lower adaptation scores when compared to other parents of children with undiagnosed medical conditions, and parents of children with a diagnosed intellectual and/or physical disability...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039542/the-relationships-between-spiritual-well-being-quality-of-life-and-psychological-factors-before-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer
#14
Sara J Walker, Yiyi Chen, Kyungjeen Paik, Brandy Mirly, Charles R Thomas, Arthur Y Hung
Given shifting trends of religious identities in the USA, better understanding the impact of patients' religious identities on health-related quality of life (QOL) may help tailor the use of psychological interventions. Men with prostate cancer (N = 43) completed measures of quality of life (QOL), spiritual well-being in two domains (i.e., Faith and Meaning/Peace), psychological state, and psychological trait before undergoing radiotherapy. We hypothesized that (1) higher existential Meaning/Peace would correlate with higher QOL and psychological trait protective factors (e...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031703/evaluation-of-individual-quality-of-life-among-hemodialysis-patients-nominated-themes-using-seiqol-adapted
#15
Hossein Matlabi, Sharareh Ahmadzadeh
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) has become an important issue for patients with chronic renal failure diseases who are permanently undergoing hemodialysis. In this study, an adapted schedule for the evaluation of individual quality of life (SEIQoL-adapted) was used to evaluate QoL among hemodialysis patients, to explore their views about the most important aspects of life satisfaction. METHODS AND RESULTS: A multiple approach design and convenience sampling were applied to recruit 53 patients from a hemodialysis unit in Iran...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025855/a-critical-analysis-of-scales-to-measure-the-attitude-of-nurses-toward-spiritual-care-and-the-frequency-of-spiritual-nursing-care-activities
#16
Bert Garssen, Anne Frederieke Ebenau, Anja Visser, Nicoline Uwland, Marieke Groot
Quantitative studies have assessed nurses' attitudes toward and frequency of spiritual care [SC] and which factors are of influence on this attitude and frequency. However, we had doubts about the construct validity of the scales used in these studies. Our objective was to evaluate scales measuring nursing SC. Articles about the development and psychometric evaluation of SC scales have been identified, using, Web of Science, and CINAHL, and evaluated with respect to the psychometric properties and item content of the scales...
December 26, 2016: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004882/the-current-practice-preparedness-and-educational-preparation-of-oncology-professionals-to-provide-spiritual-care
#17
Ganessan Kichenadasse, Linda Sweet, Ann Harrington, Shahid Ullah
AIM: Limited data are available on how spiritual needs of patients with cancer care are addressed by Australian oncologists. The objectives of this study were to explore the current practice, preparedness and education of Australian oncologists and oncology trainees on the provision of spiritual care for their patients with cancer. METHODS: Participants were recruited through oncology professional organizations and data collected through an anonymous online survey using a validated questionnaire...
December 22, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998181/perspectives-and-experiences-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-observing-the-ramadan-fast
#18
Hadi A Almansour, Betty Chaar, Bandana Saini
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is a common chronic disease among Australians. Culturally and linguistically diverse groups are observed to have higher prevalence rates of diabetes. Continuing management needs adherence to medication and diet regimens. Religious practices such as fasting can affect diabetes management and medication use. Pharmacists as medication specialists have a significant role in helping people observing religious practices such as the Ramadan fast, which involves month-long absolute abstinence from food during daylight hours, to maintain good control over their condition...
December 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998156/reliability-and-validity-of-kurdish-language-version-of-health-promoting-lifestyle-profile-ii-among-kurdish-healthcare-providers-kurdish-version-of-hplp-ii
#19
Aram Salih Mohammed Amin Kamali, Roya Sadeghi, Azar Tol, Mahdi Yaseri
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy lifestyles pose significant threat to public health. This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of a Kurdish version of the HPLP-II instrument among Kurdish healthcare providers, whose society and culture differ from that of North America and Spain, where the instrument was developed. METHODS: The instrument was translated into Kurdish, back translated, and pilot tested to ascertain cultural sensitivity. It was then evaluated using a convenience sample of 460 healthcare providers in the Kurdistan region, northern Iraq using a principal components factor analysis...
December 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982486/the-effect-of-laughter-therapy-on-the-quality-of-life-of-nursing-home-residents
#20
Nilgün Kuru, Gülümser Kublay
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To carry out laughter therapy and evaluate its effect on the quality of life of nursing home residents. BACKGROUND: By improving the quality of life of residents living in nursing homes and allowing them to have a healthier existence, their lives can be extended. Therefore, interventions impacting the quality of life of older adults are of critical importance. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design. METHOD: The study was conducted between March 2 and May 25, 2015...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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