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spirituality health

Kate O'Reilly, Kath Peters, Nathan Wilson, Cannas Kwok
BACKGROUND: Although more men than women sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI), approximately one quarter of people with TBIs are women. The experiences of TBI reported in the literature are informed from the masculine perspective and do not adequately represent women's experiences. Pragmatism provides an overarching methodological framework to explore and critique a broader perspective of health, including psychosocial, cultural, spiritual, political and environmental factors, while attempting to address gender inequity...
March 16, 2018: Nurse Researcher
Ebele M Umeukeje, Marcus G Wild, Saugar Maripuri, Teresa Davidson, Margaret Rutherford, Khaled Abdel-Kader, Julia Lewis, Consuelo H Wilkins, Kerri Cavanaugh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Incidence of ESKD is three times higher in black Americans than in whites, and CKD prevalence continues to rise among black Americans. Community-based kidney disease screening may increase early identification and awareness of black Americans at risk, but it is challenging to implement. This study aimed to identify participants' perspectives of community kidney disease screening. The Health Belief Model provides a theoretic framework for conceptualization of these perspectives and optimization of community kidney disease screening activities...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Charlotte I E A van 't Klooster, Vinije Haabo, Sofie Ruysschaert, Tessa Vossen, Tinde R van Andel
BACKGROUND: Herbal baths play an important role in the traditional health care of Maroons living in the interior of Suriname. However, little is known on the differences in plant ingredients used among and within the Maroon groups. We compared plant use in herbal baths documented for Saramaccan and Aucan Maroons, to see whether similarity in species was related to bath type, ethnic group, or geographical location. We hypothesized that because of their dissimilar cultural background, they used different species for the same type of bath...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Mythily Subramaniam, Linda Wei Lin Tan, Edimansyah Abdin, Wei Yen Lim, Hwee Lin Wee, Siow Ann Chong, Rob Martinus van Dam
BACKGROUND: Measures of mental well-being and positive mental health (PMH) have been largely developed and used in Western populations, however, data on representative Asian communities are lacking. Using data from a population sample, this study sought to establish psychometric properties and norms of the PMH Instrument (PMH-I), a measure of positive mental health developed in Singapore. METHODS: We conducted a nationally representative survey among 1925 adults aged 18-79 years of Chinese, Malay, Indian or other ethnicity...
March 15, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Jacqueline S Laures-Gore, Penelope Leonard Lambert, Ann Cale Kruger, Jennifer Love, Don E Davis
The role of spirituality in post-stroke aphasia recovery has been ignored despite its potential contribution to positive health outcomes, particularly stroke recovery. The present study examines the spiritual experience of adults with aphasia in an effort to better understand the role of one's spirituality in the aphasia recovery process. Thirteen adults with aphasia completed a modified spirituality questionnaire and participated in semi-structured interviews. All participants considered themselves spiritual and reported improvements in communication during post-stroke recovery...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Beata Zarzycka, Pawel Zietek
A number of studies have demonstrated links between spiritual struggles and health problems. As yet, however, only a few studies have investigated what makes religious struggle a source of mental problems or a source of well-being. We determined whether spiritual growth, spiritual decline, and meaning-making mediated the relationship between religious struggle and anxiety and satisfaction with life. Of the 180 respondents, 92 were women, and mean (SD) age was 24 (8.2) years. Each respondent completed the Religious and Spiritual Struggles Scale, the Meaning-Making Scale, the Spiritual Transformation Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Kate H Thomas, Justin T McDaniel, David L Albright, Kari L Fletcher, Harold G Koenig
Suicide rates among military veterans exceed those found in the general population. While the exact reasons for these high rates are unknown, contributing factors may include the military's perceived rejection of patient identities, creating barriers to mental health care within the clinical sector and a mandate for prevention programs. Spiritual fitness has emerged over the last decade as an important concept in human performance optimization and is included among holistic approaches to developing and maintaining mentally fit fighting forces...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Lily Kpobi, Leslie Swartz
BACKGROUND: Traditional healing methods are considered central to mental health care in low-income countries such as Ghana, because they are perceived to be more easily accessible, more affordable and generally ascribe similar causal beliefs to those of the patients. However, not much is known about the work of traditional healers largely because their methods are shrouded in mysticism and secrecy. There is a need to understand the ideology and beliefs of traditional healers surrounding mental disorders, including knowledge about their practices in mental health care...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Safak Daghan, Asli Kalkim, Tulay Sağkal Midilli
The methodological study was aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Spiritual Care Competence Scale (SCCS-T). The research was conducted on final-year Turkish nursing students (n = 297) in the faculties of nursing and health science in two cities in the western part of Turkey. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that three factors accounted for 75.18% of the explained variance. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the SCCS-T was .97. The three-factor model of the SCCS-T was found to be a reliable and valid scale for evaluating spiritual care competencies of Turkish nursing students and nurses...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Sahanika Ratnayake, David Merry
Mindfulness exercises are presented as being compatible with almost any spiritual, religious or philosophical beliefs. In this paper, we argue that they in fact involve imagining and conceptualising rather striking and controversial claims about the self, and the self's relationship to thoughts and feelings. For this reason, practising mindfulness exercises is likely to be in tension with many people's core beliefs and values, a tension that should be treated as a downside of therapeutic interventions involving mindfulness exercises, not unlike a side effect...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
Belén Ortiz-Gonçalves, Bernardo Perea-Pérez, Elena Labajo González, Elena Albarrán Juan, Andrés Santiago-Sáez
OBJECTIVE: To establish typologies within Madrid's citizens (Spain) with regard to end-of-life by cluster analysis. METHOD: The SPAD 8 programme was implemented in a sample from a health care centre in the autonomous region of Madrid (Spain). A multiple correspondence analysis technique was used, followed by a cluster analysis to create a dendrogram. A cross-sectional study was made beforehand with the results of the questionnaire. RESULTS: Five clusters stand out...
March 6, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
Mark S Salzer
Community inclusion refers to equal opportunities for people to participate in the community and willingness to welcome and active community attitude. The opportunity to participate in the community is both a medical necessity and a rights issue. This concept provides a novel theoretical framework for the advancement of mental health policies, programs, and global practices that enable the development of the well-being and health of people with mental disorders. Eleven fundamentals for promoting community inclusion of individuals with serious mental illnesses that are supported by key conceptual, theoretical, and research evidence...
September 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Margaret R Bauer, Emma E Bright, James J MacDonald, Elizabeth H Cleary, O Joe Hines, Annette L Stanton
Little is known about quality of life (QOL) of patients with pancreatic cancer and their caregivers compared with adults with other cancers. This systematic review summarizes the available evidence base, identifies its limitations, and recommends directions for research and clinical application. A systematic review was conducted of research on QOL in adults with pancreatic cancer and their caregivers. Quality of life was examined in the following specific domains: psychological, physical, social, sexual, spiritual, and general...
April 2018: Pancreas
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
Melissa Neathery
Recovery in mental illness is a person-oriented process that involves self-determination/choice, and growth potential. This article discusses eight components of recovery-oriented treatment, and how nurses in any setting can facilitate recovery and encourage the healthy role of spirituality in clients' lives during the recovery process. Biblical references relating to each component of the recovery-oriented process are offered.
April 2018: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
Rocío de Diego Cordero, Bárbara Badanta Romero, Filomena Adelaide de Matos, Emília Costa, Daniele Corcioli Mendes Espinha, Claudia de Souza Tomasso, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
AIMS: To compare the opinions and attitudes of Portuguese-speaking nursing students from Brazil and Portugal on the relationship between religiosity/spirituality and the ability to approach these issues with patients, in their undergraduate training and practice. BACKGROUND: Although there are studies investigating nursing students' opinions concerning religiosity and spirituality in clinical practice, few have investigated if there are cross-cultural differences between countries...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Lydia Aziato, Cephas N Omenyo
BACKGROUND: Prior to the advent of modern obstetric services, traditional birth attendants (TBAs) have rendered services to pregnant women and women in labour for a long time. Although it is anticipated that women in contemporary societies will give birth in hospitals and clinics, some women still patronize the services of TBAs. The study therefore sought to gain an in-depth understanding of the initiation of TBAs and their traditional and spiritual practices employed during pregnancy and childbirth in Ghana...
March 7, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Salimah H Meghani, Caroline Peterson, Donna H Kaiser, Joseph Rhodes, Hengyi Rao, Jesse Chittams, Anjan Chatterjee
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer frequently experience physical and psychological distress that can worsen their quality of life. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the outcomes of an 8-week mindfulness-based art therapy (MBAT) intervention, Walkabout: Looking In, Looking Out, on symptoms, sleep quality, health-related quality of life, sense of coherence (SOC), and spirituality in outpatients with cancer. METHODS: A 1-group, pre-post intervention design with repeated measures at baseline, week 4, and week 8...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Elizabeth Ojukwu, Lauren R Powell, Sharina D Person, Milagros C Rosal, Stephenie C Lemon, Jeroan Allison
African Americans remain underrepresented in health-related research. We examined the association between spirituality using the Self-Rating Spirituality Scale (range 6-24) and self-reported willingness to participate in health-related research studies among African Americans. Covariates included gender, education level, employment status, and previous research experience. Adjusted associations were calculated with logistic regression models, with multiple imputation to account for missing data. Results from the logistic regression model show that each one-point increase in the Self-Rating Spirituality Scale was associated with a 24% increase in the odds of being very likely to participate in research (OR: 1...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Celina F Estacio, Phyllis N Butow, Melanie R Lovell, Skye T Dong, Josephine M Clayton
CONTEXT: Understanding patients' symptom experiences is essential to providing effective clinical care. The discussion between patients and physicians of symptom meaning and its significance, however, is ill understood. OBJECTIVES: To investigate palliative care physicians' understanding of symptom meaning, and their experiences of and attitudes towards the discussion of symptom meaning with patients. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted (N = 17) across Sydney, Australia...
March 3, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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