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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231252/toward-a-comprehensive-taxonomy-of-human-motives
#1
Jennifer R Talevich, Stephen J Read, David A Walsh, Ravi Iyer, Gurveen Chopra
A major success in personality has been the development of a consensual structure of traits. However, much less progress has been made on the structure of an equally important aspect of human psychology: motives. We present an empirically and theoretically structured hierarchical taxonomy of 161 motives gleaned from a literature review from McDougall to the present and based on the cluster analysis of similarity judgments among these 161 motives, a broader sampling of motives than previous work. At the broadest level were: Meaning, Communion, and Agency...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229351/the-relationship-between-religious-coping-and-self-care-behaviors-in-iranian-medical-students
#2
Hamid Sharif Nia, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Amir Hossein Goudarzian, Kelly A Allen, Saman Jamali, Mohammad Ali Heydari Gorji
In recent years, researchers have identified that coping strategies are an important contributor to an individual's life satisfaction and ability to manage stress. The positive relationship between religious copings, specifically, with physical and mental health has also been identified in some studies. Spirituality and religion have been discussed rigorously in research, but very few studies exist on religious coping. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between religious coping methods (i...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224276/preparedness-and-cancer-related-symptom-management-among-cancer-survivors-in-the-first-year-post-treatment
#3
Corinne R Leach, Alyssa N Troeschel, Dawn Wiatrek, Annette L Stanton, Michael Diefenbach, Kevin D Stein, Katherine Sharpe, Kenneth Portier
BACKGROUND: Many cancer survivors feel unprepared for the physical and psychosocial challenges that accompany the post-treatment care transition (i.e., re-entry phase), including management of cancer-related symptoms. Few studies have investigated personal and contextual factors associated with the extent of preparedness for re-entry or how they are related to cancer-related symptom management. PURPOSE: Data from the American Cancer Society's Cancer Survivor Transition Study examined (1) characteristics of breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer survivors (n = 1188) within the first year of completing treatment who are most and least prepared for re-entry; and (2) how preparedness level and other characteristics are related to cancer-related symptom management...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224259/a-black-theological-response-to-race-based-medicine-reconciliation-in-minority-communities
#4
Kirk A Johnson
The harm race-based medicine inflicts on minority bodies through race-based experimentation and the false solutions a race-based drug ensues within minority communities provokes concern. Such areas analyze the minority patient in a physical proxy. Though the mind and body are important entities, we cannot forget about the spirit. Healing is not just a physical practice; it includes spiritual practice. Efficient medicine includes the holistic elements of the mind, body, and spirit. Therefore, the spiritual discipline of black theology can be used as a tool to mend the harms of race-based medicine...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218982/isolation-and-prayer-as-means-of-solace-for-arab-women-with-breast-cancer-an-in-depth-interview-study
#5
Ghada Najjar Assaf, Eleanor Holroyd, Violeta Lopez
OBJECTIVE: This study explored Arab women's experiences following the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. METHODS: Face-to-face in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 Arab women attending a public hospital in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates following a recent diagnosis of breast cancer. All interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using the thematic method. RESULTS: Arab women's experiences following their breast cancer diagnoses and treatments included the themes of: (1) protecting one's self from stigma, (2) facing uncertainties, and prayers, and (3) getting on with life...
February 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217264/eight-essential-foods-in-iranian-traditional-medicine-and-their-role-in-health-promotion-and-well-being
#6
REVIEW
Mehrdad Zeinalian, Mehdi Eshaghi, Mahdi Hadian, Homayoun Naji, Sayed Mohammad Masoud Marandi, Sedigheh Asgary
Eight essential foods (EEF) described in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) have a determinant role to balance human temperament insuring health and well-being. EEF included oral, imaginary, auditory, visual, olfactory, touch, sexual, and familiarity food. Oral foods should be halal, compatible with individual temper, consumed up twice a day, and compatible with different seasons and geographic conditions. Imaginary food consists of the individual thought content which is directly related to mental and physical fitness...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216864/health-care-providers-perception-of-their-competence-in-providing-spiritual-care-for-patients
#7
Hossein Ebrahimi, Hossein Namdar Areshtanab, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Soraya Golipoor Khanmiri
BACKGROUND: Spiritual care is an important part of health-care provision. Spiritual care can improve patients' health. One of the requirements for providing appropriate spiritual care for patients is having the required competence. AIM: This study was conducted to investigate the perception of health-care providers of their own competence in providing spiritual cares for patients hospitalized in medical-educational centers of Iran. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional, analytical research conducted on 555 nurses of medical-educational centers in Tabriz, Iran, in 2014...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212142/honoring-motherhood-the-meaning-of-childbirth-for-tongan-women
#8
Shelly J Reed, Lynn Clark Callister, ʼAna Kavaefiafi, Cheryl Corbett, Debra Edmunds
PURPOSE: The purpose of this ethnographic study was to describe the meaning of childbirth for Tongan women. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In this qualitative descriptive study, 38 Tongan women, 18 from Tonga and 20 from the United States, who had given birth in the past year were invited to share their perceptions of childbirth. Themes were generated collaboratively by the research team. FINDINGS: The overarching theme was honoring motherhood, with other themes including using strength to facilitate an unmedicated vaginal birth, describing the spiritual dimensions of birth, adhering to cultural practices associated with childbearing, and the influence of the concept of respect on childbearing...
February 16, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210172/effects-of-a-12-month-educational-intervention-on-outpatient-clinicians-attitudes-and-behaviors-concerning-spiritual-practices-with-patients
#9
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: We report here the impact of an educational training program on attitudes and practices of physicians (MDs) and mid-level practitioners (MLPs) toward controversial spiritual practices, such as practitioner-led prayer, sharing personal religious beliefs, and encouraging patients' religious beliefs. METHODS: In this single-group experimental study, 427 physicians and 93 MLPs affiliated with the Adventist Health System agreed to complete a questionnaire assessing demographics, practice characteristics, religiosity, and attitudes and behaviors at baseline, 1 month, and 12 months...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208966/study-of-parental-perceptions-on-health-social-needs-of-children-with-neuro-developmental-disability-and-it-s-impact-on-the-family
#10
Nusrat Jahan Rafique Ansari, Ramchandra Keshav Dhongade, Preeti Sagar Lad, Ashwin Borade, Suvarna Yg, Vishal Yadav, Ashwini Mehetre, Rahul Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: The term Neuro Developmental Disorder (NDD) is used for conditions caused by a dysfunction in any part of the brain or nervous system, resulting in physical and/or psychological symptoms as a child develops. Family of children with NDD face many problems. It is very important to find them and create awareness so that gaps in essential services and supports can be decreased. AIM: To explore parental perceptions on health & social needs of children with NDD, to understand the impact of disability on the families having children with disability, and to find out the parental perceptions on availability of services for children with NDD and its utilization by families...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208939/the-effects-of-spiritual-self-care-training-on-caregiving-strain-in-mothers-of-mentally-retarded-children
#11
Mitra Dindar, Mozhgan Rahnama, Mehdi Afshari, Mahdieh Poodineh Moghadam
INTRODUCTION: Care for a mentally retarded child induces a lot of problems for the mother and leads her to care giving strain and ignorning her self-care. Spiritual health will co-ordinate all aspects of human life and is necessary for coping with diseases in mother of mentally retarded children. AIM: To evaluate the effects of spiritual self-care training on care giving strain in mothers of mentally retarded children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study, is a before and after type quasi-experimental research based on which 60 mothers of mentally retarded children who were hospitalized in Elahi Rehabilitation Center in Quchan City, were selected using convenience sampling and were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204980/interfaith-spiritual-care-a-systematic-review
#12
Anke I Liefbroer, Erik Olsman, R Ruard Ganzevoort, Faridi S van Etten-Jamaludin
Although knowledge on spiritual care provision in an interfaith context is essential for addressing the diversity of patients' religious and spiritual needs, an overview of the literature is lacking. Therefore, this article reviews the empirical literature on interfaith spiritual care (ISC) in professional caring relationships. A systematic search in electronic databases was conducted to identify empirical studies published after 2000. Twenty-two studies were included. The quality of the included studies was assessed, and their results were thematically analyzed...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198944/the-social-network-and-support-of-kidney-transplantees
#13
Daianne Cibele de Souza Borges, Fernanda de Oliveira Furino, Mayara Caroline Barbieri, Renata Olzon Dionysio de Souza, Willyane de Andrade Alvarenga, Giselle Dupas
Objective: to know the social network and support of those who experience the process of kidney disease and transplantation. Methods: a descriptive qualitative study, based on the concept of social network and social support from Sherbourne and Stewart. Semi-structured interviews were conducted from November 2013 to September 2014, with 12 kidney transplantees, which passed through content analysis. This study had the following selection criteria: the interviewee must have had a transplant five years ago, at most, be at lease 16 years of age and have preserved cognitive and language skills...
February 9, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198648/quality-of-life-among-senior-citizens-in-bhutan
#14
Nidup Dorji, Michael P Dunne, Charrlotte Seib, Sibnath Deb
This study explored associations between quality of life (QOL), spirituality, social integration, chronic diseases, and lifetime adversity among people aged 60 years and older in Bhutan. Adults aged 60 to 101 years (n = 337) completed face-to-face interviews. The main measure included the World Health Organization QOL questionnaire and Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire. The social relationships domain of QOL had the highest mean. Frequent back pain, memory decline, depression, mobility impairment, insomnia, and lung diseases were commonly reported and negatively related to QOL...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194207/the-effects-of-motivational-interviewing-on-health-promoting-behaviors-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Alireza Dashti, Hojatollah Yousefi, Jahangir Maghsoudi, Masoud Etemadifar
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic degenerative disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that can reduce health promoting behaviors in patients. One method of increasing health promoting behaviors is motivational interviewing that can explore and resolve client ambivalence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present clinical trial was carried out among 60 patients with MS. The participants were selected through convenience sampling, and then, allocated to two groups using Mini Pay software...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194198/when-does-spiritual-intelligence-particularly-predict-job-engagement-the-mediating-role-of-psychological-empowerment
#16
Mohsen Torabi, Iman Zohoorian Nadali
BACKGROUND: Regarding the importance of health care providers such as nurses who are always in stressful environments, it is imperative to better understand how they become more engaged in their work. The purpose of this paper is to focus on health care providers (nurses), and examine how the interaction between spiritual intelligence and psychological empowerment affect job engagement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive and quantitative study was conducted among nurses at the Faghihi Hospital in Shiraz, Iran in 2010...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194194/effect-of-islam-based-religious-program-on-spiritual-wellbeing-in-elderly-with-hypertension
#17
Mahin Moeini, Somaye Sharifi, Mohamed Bagher Kajbaf
BACKGROUND: Lack of spiritual health in patients with hypertension leads to many mental, social, and physical effects, On the other hand, considering the prevalence of hypertension among the elderly, interventions to enhance their spiritual wellbeing is essential. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of religious programs based on Islam on spiritual wellbeing in elderly patients with hypertension who referred to the health centers of Isfahan in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a randomized clinical trial...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193104/multidisciplinary-training-on-spiritual-care-for-patients-in-palliative-care-trajectories-improves-the-attitudes-and-competencies-of-hospital-medical-staff
#18
Joep van de Geer, Nic Veeger, Marieke Groot, Hetty Zock, Carlo Leget, Jelle Prins, Kris Vissers
OBJECTIVES: Patients value health-care professionals' attention to their spiritual needs. However, this is undervalued in health-care professionals' education. Additional training is essential for implementation of a national multidisciplinary guideline on spiritual care (SC) in palliative care (PC). Aim of this study is to measure effects of a training program on SC in PC based on the guideline. METHODS: A pragmatic multicenter trial using a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design as part of an action research study...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182466/development-of-a-spirituality-infused-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illnesses
#19
Andrew M Subica, Ann-Marie Yamada
OBJECTIVE: Spirituality offers a vital coping resource that can bolster mental health and psychosocial well-being for individuals with serious mental illnesses (SMI). However, limited research on spirituality-infused evidence-based interventions exists to assist providers in mobilizing spirituality as a mental health resource. This article presents the cognitive-behavioral intervention Spiritual Strategies for Psychosocial Recovery (SSPR), developed to promote recovery among ethnoculturally diverse individuals with SMI by strengthening their coping mechanisms for internal and external distress through spiritual means...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181972/exercise-interventions-to-reduce-cancer-related-fatigue-and-improve-health-related-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients
#20
REVIEW
Kelly Scott, Bobbie Posmontier
Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is the most common and debilitating side effect of patients receiving treatment of cancer. It is reported that 60% to 100% of patients will develop CRF as a result of the treatment or the cancer itself. The effects last for years posttreatment and lower overall quality of life. The purpose of this integrative review was to determine whether exercise interventions could reduce CRF and improve overall health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among selected cancer patients. Clinical Key, ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source, Cochrane Library, Mosby's Nursing Consult, and MEDLINE (Ovid) were the databases searched...
March 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
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