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microfluidic chip

F Cairone, D Ortiz, P J Cabrales, M Intaglietta, M Bucolo
The key points in the design of microfluidic Lab-On-a-Chips for blood tests are the simplicity of the microfluidic chip geometry, the portability of the monitoring system and the ease on-chip integration of the data analysis procedure. The majority of those, recently designed, have been used for blood separation, however their introduction, also, for pathological conditions diagnosis would be important in different biomedical contexts. To overcome this lack is necessary to establish the relation between the RBCs flow and blood viscosity changes in micro-vessels...
September 13, 2017: Microvascular Research
Chen Wang, Jing Cao, Yue Zhou, Xing-Hua Xia
A novel microfluidic method for measuring liquid interfacial tension using monodisperse microbubbles generated in situ has been proposed. Instead of bulky gas supply used in traditional microfluidic devices, microbubbles are efficiently generated via water electrolysis in the devices. Since the bubble formation frequency is related to the interfacial tension of liquids used, thus, precisely measuring the interfacial tension of liquids in microfluidics can be achieved. In addition, it is found that during the microbubble formation, the electrochemical potential fluctuates regularly at controlled electrolysis current, and the fluctuating period depends on the microbubble generation rate...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
Richard A Mathies, Md Enayet Razu, Jungkyu Kim, Amanda M Stockton, Paul Turin, Anna Butterworth
Enceladus presents an excellent opportunity to detect organic molecules that are relevant for habitability as well as bioorganic molecules that provide evidence for extraterrestrial life because Enceladus' plume is composed of material from the subsurface ocean that has a high habitability potential and significant organic content. A primary challenge is to send instruments to Enceladus that can efficiently sample organic molecules in the plume and analyze for the most relevant molecules with the necessary detection limits...
September 2017: Astrobiology
Young Jin Heo, Donghyeon Lee, Junsu Kang, Keondo Lee, Wan Kyun Chung
Imaging flow cytometry (IFC) is an emerging technology that acquires single-cell images at high-throughput for analysis of a cell population. Rich information that comes from high sensitivity and spatial resolution of a single-cell microscopic image is beneficial for single-cell analysis in various biological applications. In this paper, we present a fast image-processing pipeline (R-MOD: Real-time Moving Object Detector) based on deep learning for high-throughput microscopy-based label-free IFC in a microfluidic chip...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Luís Lima, Manuel Neves, Marta I Oliveira, Lorena Dieguez, Rui Freitas, Rita Azevedo, Cristiana Gaiteiro, Janine Soares, Dylan Ferreira, Andreia Peixoto, Elisabete Fernandes, Diana Montezuma, Ana Tavares, Ricardo Ribeiro, Ana Castro, Manuel Oliveira, Avelino Fraga, Celso A Reis, Lúcio Lara Santos, José Alexandre Ferreira
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential of sialyl-Tn (STn), a cancer-associated glycan antigen present in membrane glycoproteins, to improve a recent molecular model for stratification and prognostication of advanced stage bladder tumors based on keratins (KRT14, 5, and 20) expression. In addition, determine the association between STn and disease dissemination based on the evaluation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and the metastasis, which is a critical matter to improve patient management...
September 11, 2017: Urologic Oncology
Armin Geraili, Parya Jafari, Mohsen Sheikh Hassani, Behnaz Heidary Araghi, Mohammad Hossein Mohammadi, Amir Mohammad Ghafari, Sara Hasanpour Tamrin, Hassan Pezeshgi Modarres, Ahmad Rezaei Kolahchi, Samad Ahadian, Amir Sanati-Nezhad
Organ-on-chip (OOC) platforms have attracted attentions of pharmaceutical companies as powerful tools for screening of existing drugs and development of new drug candidates. OOCs have primarily used human cell lines or primary cells to develop biomimetic tissue models. However, the ability of human stem cells in unlimited self-renewal and differentiation into multiple lineages has made them attractive for OOCs. The microfluidic technology has enabled precise control of stem cell differentiation using soluble factors, biophysical cues, and electromagnetic signals...
September 14, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Mohamed Hassoun, Jan Rüger, Tatiana Kirchberger-Tolstik, Iwan W Schie, Thomas Henkel, Karina Weber, Dana Cialla-May, Christoph Krafft, Jürgen Popp
A new approach is presented for cell lysate identification which uses SERS-active silver nanoparticles and a droplet-based microfluidic chip. Eighty-nanoliter droplets are generated by injecting silver nanoparticles, KCl as aggregation agent, and cell lysate containing cell constituents, such as nucleic acids, carbohydrates, metabolites, and proteins into a continuous flow of mineral oil. This platform enables accurate mixing of small volumes inside the meandering channels of the quartz chip and allows acquisition of thousands of SERS spectra with 785 nm excitation at an integration time of 1 s...
September 13, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Bei Zhao, Xingye Cui, Wei Ren, Feng Xu, Ming Liu, Zuo-Guang Ye
A microfluidic chip with a controllable and integrated piezoelectric pump was proposed and demonstrated, where the pump was designed as a micro-actuator based on polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) organic piezoelectric film. In this case, the pump should integrate with the microfluidics device very well into one chip. The flow rate can be precisely controlled in the range of 0-300 µl/min for water by tuning the Vpp and frequency of Alternating Current (AC) voltage applied on the diaphragm. To analyze the relationship between the flow rate and the deflection of diaphragm, the deformations of diaphragm at different voltages were researched...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
Zongbin Liu, Xin Han, Qing Zhou, Rui Chen, Shelby Fruge, Myeong Chan Jo, Yuan Ma, Ziyin Li, Kenji Yokoi, Lidong Qin
Metastasis involves the phenotype transition of cancer cells to gain invasiveness, and the following migration at the tumor site. Here an integrated microfluidic chip to study this process is presented by combining on-chip delivery of siRNA for gene silencing and cell migration assay. The major advantage of the integrated chip is the simple input of cells and gene transfection materials, and the ultimate output of migration ability. The reverse-fishbone structure and 0.7× phosphate-buffered saline solution are the optimized parameters for improved delivery efficiency...
June 2017: Adv Biosyst
Long Tu, Xuzhou Li, Shengtai Bian, Yingting Yu, Junxiang Li, Liang Huang, Peng Liu, Qiong Wu, Wenhui Wang
Leveraging microfluidics and nano-plasmonics, we present in this paper a new method employing a micro-nano-device that is capable of monitoring the dynamic cell-substrate attachment process at single cell level in real time without labeling. The micro-nano-device essentially has a gold thin film as the substrate perforated with periodic, near-cm(2)-area, template-stripped nano-holes, which generate plasmonic extraordinary optical transmission (EOT) with a high sensitivity to refractive index changes at the metal-dielectric interface...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
D van Strijp, R C M Vulders, N A Larsen, J Schira, L Baerlocher, M A van Driel, M Pødenphant, T S Hansen, A Kristensen, K U Mir, T Olesen, W F J Verhaegh, R Marie, P J van der Zaag
We demonstrate on-chip, differential DNA and RNA extraction from a single cell using a microfluidic chip and a two-stage lysis protocol. This method enables direct use of the whole extract, without additional washing steps, reducing sample loss. Using this method, the tumor driving pathway in individual cells from a colorectal cancer cell line was determined by applying a Bayesian computational pathway model to sequences obtained from the RNA fraction of a single cell and, the mutations driving the pathway were determined by analyzing sequences obtained from the DNA fraction of the same single cell...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
Shi-Ping Zhao, Yan Ma, Qi Lou, Hong Zhu, Bo Yang, Qun Fang
Three-dimensional (3D) cell culture provides an effective way over conventional two dimensional (2D) monolayer culture to more closely imitate the complex cellular organization, heterogeneity and interactions as well as tissue microenvironments in vivo. Here we present a novel droplet-based 3D cell culture method by using droplet array attached on the sidewall of a PDMS piece. Such an arrangement not only avoids cells from adhering on the chip surface for achieving 3D cell culture in nanoliter-scale droplets, but also facilitates performing multiple operations to cells in droplets, including cell suspension droplet generation, drug treatment, and cell staining with a capillary-based liquid handling system, as well as in-situ observation and direct scanning with a confocal laser scanning microscope...
September 8, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Chiara Novara, Alessandro Chiadò, Niccolò Paccotti, Silvia Catuogno, Carla Lucia Esposito, Gerolama Condorelli, Vittorio De Franciscis, Francesco Geobaldo, Paola Rivolo, Fabrizio Giorgis
In this work, SERS-based microfluidic PDMS chips integrating silver-coated porous silicon membranes were used for the detection and quantitation of microRNAs (miRNAs), which consist of short regulatory non-coding RNA sequences typically over- or under-expressed in connection with several diseases such as oncogenesis. In detail, metal-dielectric nanostructures which provide noticeable Raman enhancements were functionalized according to a biological protocol, adapted and optimized from an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), for the detection of miR-222...
September 8, 2017: Faraday Discussions
Sébastien Sart, Raphaël F-X Tomasi, Gabriel Amselem, Charles N Baroud
Three-dimensional cell culture is emerging as a more relevant alternative to the traditional two-dimensional format. Yet the ability to perform cytometry at the single cell level on intact three-dimensional spheroids or together with temporal regulation of the cell microenvironment remains limited. Here we describe a microfluidic platform to perform high-density three-dimensional culture, controlled stimulation, and observation in a single chip. The method extends the capabilities of droplet microfluidics for performing long-term culture of adherent cells...
September 7, 2017: Nature Communications
Tatsuya Osaki, Yoojin Shin, Vivek Sivathanu, Marco Campisi, Roger D Kamm
Microfluidic devices enable novel means of emulating neurodegenerative disease pathophysiology in vitro. These organ-on-a-chip systems can potentially reduce animal testing and substitute (or augment) simple 2D culture systems. Reconstituting critical features of neurodegenerative diseases in a biomimetic system using microfluidics can thereby accelerate drug discovery and improve our understanding of the mechanisms of several currently incurable diseases. This review describes latest advances in modeling neurodegenerative diseases in the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system...
September 7, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Yung-Shin Sun
Collective cell migration is important in various physiological processes such as morphogenesis, cancer metastasis and cell regeneration. Such migration can be induced and guided by different chemical and physical cues. Electrotaxis, referring to the directional migration of adherent cells under stimulus of electric fields, is believed to be highly involved in the wound-healing process. Electrotactic experiments are conventionally conducted in Petri dishes or cover glasses wherein cells are cultured and electric fields are applied...
September 7, 2017: Sensors
Zongjie Wang, Akash Boddeda, Benjamin Parker, Roya Samanipour, Sanjoy Ghosh, Frederic Menard, Keekyoung Kim
OBJECTIVE: Compact, cost-effective and high-performance microscope that enables the real-time imaging of cells and lab-on-a-chip devices is highly demanded for cell biology and biomedical engineering. This paper aims to present the design and application of an inexpensive wireless mini-microscope with resolution up to 2592 × 1944 pixels and speed up to 90 fps. METHODS: The mini-microscope system was built on a commercial embedded system (Raspberry Pi). We modified a camera module and adopted an inverse dual lens system to obtain the clear field of view and appropriate magnification for tens of micrometer objects...
September 4, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Ana Carolina Urbaczek, Paulo Augusto Gomes Carneiro Leão, Fayene Zeferino Ribeiro de Souza, Ana Afonso, Juliana Vieira Alberice, Luciana Teresa Dias Cappelini, Iracilda Zeppone Carlos, Emanuel Carrilho
This study presents an inexpensive and easy way to produce a microfluidic device that mimics a blood vessel, serving as a start point for cell culture under perfusion, cardiovascular research, and toxicological studies. Endpoint assays (i.e., MTT reduction and NO assays) were used and revealed that the components making up the microchip, which is made of polyester and toner (PT), did not induce cell death or nitric oxide (NO) production. Applying oxygen plasma and fibronectin improved the adhesion and proliferation endothelial cell along the microchannel...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xander F van Kooten, Marianna Truman-Rosentsvit, Govind V Kaigala, Moran Bercovici
The use of on-chip isotachophoresis assays for diagnostic applications is often limited by the small volumes of standard microfluidic channels. Overcoming this limitation is particularly important for detection of 'discrete' biological targets (such as bacteria) at low concentrations, where the volume of processed liquid in a standard microchannel might not contain any targets. We present a novel microfluidic chip that enables ITP focusing of target analytes from initial sample volumes of 50 μL into a concentrated zone with a volume of 500 pL, corresponding to a 100,000-fold increase in mean concentration, and a 300,000-fold increase in peak concentration...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Antoine Riaud, Michael Baudoin, Jean-Louis Thomas, Olivier Bou Matar
Surface acoustic waves (SAWs) are versatile tools to manipulate fluids at small scales for microfluidics and biological applications. A nonexhaustive list of operations that can be performed with SAW includes sessile droplet displacement, atomization, division, and merging but also the actuation of fluids embedded in microchannels or the manipulation of suspended particles. However, each of these operations requires a specific design of the wave generation system, the so-called interdigitated transducers (IDTs)...
October 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
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