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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443874/inertial-migration-and-axial-control-of-deformable-capsules
#1
Christian Schaaf, Holger Stark
The mechanical deformability of single cells is an important indicator for various diseases such as cancer, blood diseases and inflammation. Lab-on-a-chip devices allow to separate such cells from healthy cells using hydrodynamic forces. We perform hydrodynamic simulations based on the lattice-Boltzmann method and study the behavior of an elastic capsule in a microfluidic channel flow in the inertial regime. While inertial lift forces drive the capsule away from the channel center, its deformability favors migration in the opposite direction...
April 26, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442371/dynamites-a-dynamic-cell-culture-platform-for-in-vitro-drug-testing-part-1-engineering-of-microfluidic-system-and-technical-simulations
#2
Kai Mattern, Nicole Beißner, Stephan Reichl, Andreas Dietzel
Conventional safety and efficacy test models, such as animal experiments or static in vitro cell culture models, can often not reliably predict the most promising drug candidates. Therefore, a novel microfluidic cell culture platform, called Dynamic Micro Tissue Engineering System (DynaMiTES), was designed to allow online analysis of drugs permeating through barrier forming tissues under dynamic conditions combined with monitoring of the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) by electrodes optimized for homogeneous current distribution...
April 22, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439901/biomimetic-strategies-to-recapitulate-organ-specific-microenvironments-for-studying-breast-cancer-metastasis
#3
REVIEW
Akshay A Narkhede, Lalita A Shevde, Shreyas S Rao
The progression of breast cancer from the primary tumor setting to the metastatic setting is the critical event defining stage IV disease, no longer considered curable. The microenvironment at specific organ sites is known to play a key role in influencing the ultimate fate of metastatic cells; yet microenvironmental mediated-molecular mechanisms underlying organ specific metastasis in breast cancer are not well understood. This review discusses biomimetic strategies employed to recapitulate metastatic organ microenvironments, particularly, bone, liver, lung and brain to elucidate the mechanisms dictating metastatic breast cancer cell homing and colonization...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437935/terahertz-artificial-material-based-on-integrated-metal-rod-array-for-phase-sensitive-fluid-detection
#4
Borwen You, Ching-Yu Chen, Chin-Ping Yu, Tze-An Liu, Toshiaki Hattori, Ja-Yu Lu
A terahertz artificial material composed of metal rod array is experimentally investigated on its transmission spectral property and successfully incorporated into microfluidics as a miniaturized terahertz waveguide with an extended optical-path-length for label-free fluidic sensing. Theoretical and experimental characterizations of terahertz transmission spectra show that the wave guidance along the metal rod array originates from the resonance of transverse-electric-polarized waves within the metal rod slits...
April 17, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432530/an-integrated-microsystem-with-dielectrophoresis-enrichment-and-impedance-detection-for-detection-of-escherichia-coli
#5
Renjie Wang, Yi Xu, Haitao Liu, Jinlan Peng, Joseph Irudayaraj, Feiyun Cui
An integrated microsystem device with matched interdigitated microelectrode chip was fabricated for enrichment and detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7. The microsystem has integrated with positive dielectrophoresis (pDEP) enrichment and in situ impedance detection, whose total volume is only 3.0 × 10(-3) m(3), and could provide impedance testing voltages of 0 ~ 10 V, detection frequencies of 1 KHz ~ 1 MHz, DEP excitation signals with amplitude of 0 ~ 10 Vpp and frequencies of 1KHz ~ 1 MHz, which fully meets the demands of pDEP enrichment and impedance detection for bacteria...
June 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431925/analysis-of-pm2-5-induced-cytotoxicity-in-human-hacat-cells-based-on-a-microfluidic-system
#6
Yuxiao Zhang, Lulu Zheng, Jiang Tuo, Qi Liu, Xinlian Zhang, Zhixuan Xu, Sixiu Liu, Guodong Sui
Human exposure to PM2.5 causes several adverse health effects. Skin is the first barrier against harmful environmental substances and can has direct contact with PM2.5, but there is no study about PM2.5-induced cytotoxicity in human skin cells on the molecular level partially due to the shortcomings of traditional research methods. In present study, we established a microfluidic system including a cell culture chip integrated with a high-throughput protein microarray chip to investigate the mechanism of PM2...
April 18, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430559/heart-on-a-chip-an-investigation-of-the-influence-of-static-and-perfusion-conditions-on-cardiac-h9c2-cell-proliferation-morphology-and-alignment
#7
Anna Kobuszewska, Ewelina Tomecka, Kamil Zukowski, Elzbieta Jastrzebska, Michal Chudy, Artur Dybko, Philippe Renaud, Zbigniew Brzozka
Lab-on-a-chip systems are increasingly used as tools for cultures and investigation of cardiac cells. In this article, we present how the geometry of microsystems and microenvironmental conditions (static and perfusion) influence the proliferation, morphology, and alignment of cardiac cells (rat cardiomyoblasts-H9C2). Additionally, studies of cell growth after incubation with verapamil hydrochloride were performed. For this purpose, poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)/glass microfluidic systems with three different geometries of microchambers (a circular chamber, a longitudinal channel, and three parallel microchannels separated by two rows of micropillars) were prepared...
April 1, 2017: SLAS Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426762/human-microrna-299-3p-decreases-invasive-behavior-of-cancer-cells-by-downregulation-of-oct4-expression-and-causes-apoptosis
#8
Axel R Göhring, Stefanie Reuter, Joachim H Clement, Xinlai Cheng, Jannick Theobald, Stefan Wölfl, Ralf Mrowka
PURPOSE: Oct4 was reported to be one of the most important pluripotency transcription factors in the biology of stem cells including cancer stem cells, and progressed malignant cells. Here we report the investigation of gene expression control of Oct4 by selected human microRNAs and the physiological effect of Oct4 silencing in invasive cancer cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: High throughput luciferase activity assay revealed the microRNA-299-3p to be the most effective in reducing gene expression of Oct4, which was confirmed by Western blot analysis and Oct4 promoter activity in a target luciferase assay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426707/rare-cell-isolation-and-recovery-on-open-channel-microfluidic-chip
#9
Taisuke Masuda, Woneui Song, Hayao Nakanishi, Wu Lei, Anas Mohd Noor, Fumihito Arai
The ability to accurately detect and analyze rare cells in a cell population is critical not only for the study of disease progression but also for next flow cytometry systems in clinical application. Here, we report the development of a prototype device, the 'Rare cell sorter', for isolating and recovering single rare cells from whole blood samples. On this device, we utilized an open-channel microfluidic chip for rare cell isolation. And the advantage of open-channel allows us to recover the isolated rare cell directly from the chip...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426159/open-microfluidic-gel-electrophoresis-rapid-and-low-cost-separation-and-analysis-of-dna-at-the-nanoliter-scale
#10
Ludwig Gutzweiler, Tobias Gleichmann, Laurent Tanguy, Peter Koltay, Roland Zengerle, Lutz Riegger
Gel electrophoresis is one of the most applied and standardized tools for separation and analysis of macromolecules and their fragments in academic research and in industry. In this work we present a novel approach for conducting on-demand electrophoretic separations of DNA molecules in open microfluidic (OM) systems on planar polymer substrates. The approach combines advantages of slab gel, capillary- & chip-based methods offering low consumable costs (<0.1 $) circumventing cost intensive microfluidic chip fabrication, short process times (5 minutes per analysis) and high sensitivity (4 ng/μl dsDNA) combined with reasonable resolution (17 bases)...
April 20, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426080/c-reactive-protein-and-interleukin-6-microfluidic-immunoassays-with-on-chip-pre-stored-reagents-and-centrifugo-pneumatic-liquid-control
#11
Y Zhao, G Czilwik, V Klein, K Mitsakakis, R Zengerle, N Paust
We present a fully automated centrifugal microfluidic method for particle based protein immunoassays. Stick-pack technology is employed for pre-storage and release of liquid reagents. Quantitative layout of centrifugo-pneumatic particle handling, including timed valving, switching and pumping is assisted by network simulations. The automation is exclusively controlled by the spinning frequency and does not require any additional means. New centrifugal microfluidic process chains are developed in order to sequentially supply wash buffer based on frequency dependent stick-pack opening and pneumatic pumping to perform two washing steps from one stored wash buffer; pre-store and re-suspend functionalized microparticles on a disk; and switch between the path of the waste fluid and the path of the substrate reaction product with 100% efficiency...
April 20, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425472/label-free-single-cell-separation-and-imaging-of-cancer-cells-using-an-integrated-microfluidic-system
#12
Maria Antfolk, Soo Hyeon Kim, Saori Koizumi, Teruo Fujii, Thomas Laurell
The incidence of cancer is increasing worldwide and metastatic disease, through the spread of circulating tumor cells (CTCs), is responsible for the majority of the cancer deaths. Accurate monitoring of CTC levels in blood provides clinical information supporting therapeutic decision making, and improved methods for CTC enumeration are asked for. Microfluidics has been extensively used for this purpose but most methods require several post-separation processing steps including concentration of the sample before analysis...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421400/a-multistage-dialysis-microdevice-for-extraction-of-cryoprotectants
#13
Lili Zou, Shibo Li, Yufeng Kang, Juanjuan Liu, Liqun He, Sijie Sun, Dayong Gao, Bensheng Qiu, Weiping Ding
In this study, we present a multistage-dialysis microdevice (MDM) for extraction of cryoprotectants (CPAs) from a CPA-laden cell suspension. We confirmed the functions of the key designs of the MDM using a fluorescence solution, we assessed the performance of the MDM by using the MDM to unload glycerin from glycerin-loaded swine erythrocytes, and we investigated the effects of the cell suspension flow rate, glycerin concentration, cell density, and membrane pore size on the clearance efficiency of glycerin (CG), the survival rate of cells (SC), and the recovery rate of cells (RC)...
June 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418430/wat-on-a-chip-a-physiologically-relevant-microfluidic-system-incorporating-white-adipose-tissue
#14
Peter Loskill, Thiagarajan Sezhian, Kevin M Tharp, Felipe T Lee-Montiel, Shaheen Jeeawoody, Willie Mae Reese, Peter-James H Zushin, Andreas Stahl, Kevin E Healy
Organ-on-a-chip systems possess a promising future as drug screening assays and as testbeds for disease modeling in the context of both single-organ systems and multi-organ-chips. Although it comprises approximately one fourth of the body weight of a healthy human, an organ frequently overlooked in this context is white adipose tissue (WAT). WAT-on-a-chip systems are required to create safety profiles of a large number of drugs due to their interactions with adipose tissue and other organs via paracrine signals, fatty acid release, and drug levels through sequestration...
April 18, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418422/a-disease-model-of-diabetic-nephropathy-in-a-glomerulus-on-a-chip-microdevice
#15
Li Wang, Tingting Tao, Wentao Su, Hao Yu, Yue Yu, Jianhua Qin
Diabetic nephropathy is a major chronic renal complication of diabetes mellitus, and is the leading cause of end-stage kidney diseases. Establishing a disease model of diabetic nephropathy in vitro can accelerate the understanding of its mechanisms and pharmaceutical development. We provide the proof-of-principle for using a glomerulus-on-a-chip microdevice that reconstitutes organ-level kidney functions to create a human disease model of early stage diabetic nephropathy on chip. The microfluidic device, which recapitulates the glomerular microenvironment, consists of parallel channels lined by isolated primary glomerular microtissues that experience fluid flow to mimic the glomerular filtration barrier (GFB), including glomerular endothelial cells, 3D basement membrane and podocytes...
April 18, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414960/calibration-of-on-chip-cell-electroporation-by-a-pseudo-volumetric-uptake-model
#16
Kisoo Kim, Won Gu Lee
Most conventional methods for assessing uptake of exogenous molecules and nanomaterials into cells use the projected two-dimensional (2D) area of uptake intensity into individual cells. However, since most cells have a three-dimensional (3D) spherical shape, volumetric uptake cannot be quantified accurately using 2D area analysis. Here, we present a method for calibrating the electroporative uptake intensity of small molecules by using a novel predictable spherical volume (PSV) model, which is more accurate and quantitative than previous methods...
April 10, 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411808/validation-of-a-new-method-by-nano-liquid-chromatography-on-chip-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-combined-quantitation-of-c3f-and-the-v65-vitronectin-fragment-as-biomarkers-of-diagnosis-and-severity-of-osteoarthritis
#17
Gaël Cobraiville, Marianne Fillet, Mohammed Sharif, Khadija Ourradi, Gwenaël Nys, Michel G Malaise, Dominique de Seny
Microfluidic liquid chromatography coupled to a nanoelectrospray source ion trap mass spectrometry was used for the absolute and simultaneous quantitation of C3f and the V65 vitronectin fragment in serum. The method was first carefully optimized and then validated in serum biological matrix. Stable isotopes for the two biomarkers of interest were used as stable isotope labeled peptide standards. A weighted 1/x(2) quadratic regression for C3f and a weighted 1/x quadratic regression for the V65 vitronectin peptide were selected for calibration curves...
July 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406508/integration-of-digital-microfluidics-with-whispering-gallery-mode-sensors-for-label-free-detection-of-biomolecules
#18
Sentayehu F Wondimu, Sebastian von der Ecken, Ralf Ahrens, Wolfgang Freude, Andreas E Guber, Christian Koos
We present a multi-sensor chip comprising an array of whispering-gallery mode (WGM) micro-goblet lasers integrated into a digital microfluidic (DMF) system. In contrast to earlier demonstrations, the lasers are fabricated from dye-doped poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA) at low cost using spin-coating, mask-based optical lithography, wet chemical etching, and thermal reflow techniques. Pumping and read-out of the devices is accomplished via simple free-space optics, thereby allowing large-scale sensor arrays to be addressed...
April 13, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406447/pvdf-sensor-stimulated-by-infrared-radiation-for-temperature-monitoring-in-microfluidic-devices
#19
Salvatore A Pullano, Ifana Mahbub, Syed K Islam, Antonino S Fiorillo
This paper presents a ferroelectric polymer-based temperature sensor designed for microfluidic devices. The integration of the sensor into a system-on-a-chip platform facilitates quick monitoring of localized temperature of a biological fluid, avoiding errors in the evaluation of thermal evolution of the fluid during analysis. The contact temperature sensor is fabricated by combining a thin pyroelectric film together with an infrared source, which stimulates the active element located on the top of the microfluidic channel...
April 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405259/a549-and-mrc-5-cell-aggregation-in-a-microfluidic-lab-on-a-chip-system
#20
A Zuchowska, E Jastrzebska, K Zukowski, M Chudy, A Dybko, Z Brzozka
In this paper, we present a culture of A549 and MRC-5 spheroids in a microfluidic system. The aim of our work was to develop a good lung cancer model for the evaluation of drug cytotoxicity. Our research was focused on determining the progress of cell aggregation depending on such factors as the depth of culture microwells in the microdevices, a different flow rate of the introduced cell suspensions, and the addition of collagen to cell suspensions. We showed that these factors had a significant influence on spheroid formation...
March 2017: Biomicrofluidics
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