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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227134/cardiovascular-interactions-assessed-via-conditional-joint-transfer-entropy-in-patients-developing-atrial-fibrillation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#1
Vlasta Bari, Marco Ranucci, Andrea Marchi, Beatrice De Maria, Valeria Pistuddi, Alberto Porta, Vlasta Bari, Marco Ranucci, Andrea Marchi, Beatrice De Maria, Valeria Pistuddi, Alberto Porta, Vlasta Bari, Andrea Marchi, Alberto Porta, Valeria Pistuddi, Beatrice De Maria, Marco Ranucci
Assigned the universe of knowledge Ω as composed by one target and two exogenous signals, the conditional joint transfer entropy (CJTE), assessing the amount of information jointly transferred from the two sources to the target that can be uniquely linked to one of the two sources, was found useful to study cardiovascular control. We propose the assessment of CJTE from systolic arterial pressure (SAP) and respiration (R) to heart period (HP) conditioned on R (CJTESAP, R→HP|R) along the baroreflex, and from HP and R to SAP conditioned on R (CJTEHP, R→SAP|R) along the feedforward mechanical pathway, in 134 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery before (PRE) and after (POST) the induction of general anesthesia...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227033/advanced-analytics-for-outcome-prediction-in-intensive-care-units
#2
Ali Jalali, Dieter Bender, Mohamed Rehman, Vinay Nadkanri, C Nataraj, Ali Jalali, Dieter Bender, Mohamed Rehman, Vinay Nadkanri, C Nataraj, Mohamed Rehman, Ali Jalali, Vinay Nadkanri, Dieter Bender, C Nataraj
In this paper we present a new expert knowledge based clinical decision support system for prediction of intensive care units outcome based on the physiological measurements collected during the first 48 hours of the patient's admission to the ICU. The developed CDSS algorithm is composed of several stages. First, we categorize the collected data based on the physiological organ that they represent. We then extract clinically relevant features from each data category and then rank these features based on their mutual information with the outcome...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224443/report-of-the-clinical-and-functional-primary-outcomes-in-men-of-the-acl-sports-trial-similar-outcomes-in-men-receiving-secondary-prevention-with-and-without-perturbation-training-1-and-2-years-after-acl-reconstruction
#3
Amelia J H Arundale, Kathleen Cummer, Jacob J Capin, Ryan Zarzycki, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Athletes often are cleared to return to activities 6 months after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction; however, knee function measures continue to improve up to 2 years after surgery. Interventions beyond standard care may facilitate successful return to preinjury activities and improve functional outcomes. Perturbation training has been used in nonoperative ACL injury and preoperative ACL reconstruction rehabilitation, but has not been examined in postoperative ACL reconstruction rehabilitation, specifically return to sport rehabilitation...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224442/report-of-the-primary-outcomes-for-gait-mechanics-in-men-of-the-acl-sports-trial-secondary-prevention-with-and-without-perturbation-training-does-not-restore-gait-symmetry-in-men-1-or-2-years-after-acl-reconstruction
#4
Jacob John Capin, Ryan Zarzycki, Amelia Arundale, Kathleen Cummer, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Movement asymmetries during walking are common after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction and may influence the early development of posttraumatic osteoarthritis. Preoperative neuromuscular training (like perturbation training, which is neuromuscular training requiring selective muscle activation in response to surface perturbations) improves gait asymmetries and functional outcomes among people who are ACL-deficient, but the effect of postoperative perturbation training on gait mechanics after ACL reconstruction is unknown...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220127/nitric-oxide-ameliorates-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-phytotoxicity-in-wheat-seedlings-implication-of-the-ascorbate-glutathione-cycle
#5
Durgesh K Tripathi, Rohit K Mishra, Swati Singh, Samiksha Singh, Kanchan Vishwakarma, Shivesh Sharma, Vijay P Singh, Prashant K Singh, Sheo M Prasad, Nawal K Dubey, Avinash C Pandey, Shivendra Sahi, Devendra K Chauhan
The present study investigates ameliorative effects of nitric oxide (NO) against zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) phytotoxicity in wheat seedlings. ZnONPs exposure hampered growth of wheat seedlings, which coincided with reduced photosynthetic efficiency (Fv/Fm and qP), due to increased accumulation of zinc (Zn) in xylem and phloem saps. However, SNP supplementation partially mitigated the ZnONPs-mediated toxicity through the modulation of photosynthetic activity and Zn accumulation in xylem and phloem saps...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219959/randomised-prospective-medico-economic-nationwide-french-study-of-islet-transplantation-in-patients-with-severely-unstable-type-1-diabetes-the-stabilot-study-protocol
#6
Sandrine Lablanche, Sandra David-Tchouda, Jennifer Margier, Edith Schir, Anne Wojtusciszyn, Sophie Borot, Laurence Kessler, Emmanuel Morelon, Charles Thivolet, François Pattou, Marie Christine Vantyghem, Thierry Berney, Pierre-Yves Benhamou
INTRODUCTION: Islet transplantation may be an appropriate treatment option for patients with severely unstable type 1 diabetes experiencing major glucose variability with severe hypoglycaemia despite intensive insulin therapy. Few data are available on the costs associated with islet transplantation in relation to its benefits. The STABILOT study proposes to assess the economic impact of islet transplantation in comparison with the current best medical treatment defined as sensor-augmented pump (SAP) therapy...
February 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218783/maize-endophytic-bacteria-as-mineral-phosphate-solubilizers
#7
C S de Abreu, J E F Figueiredo, C A Oliveira, V L Dos Santos, E A Gomes, V P Ribeiro, B A Barros, U G P Lana, I E Marriel
In the present study, we demonstrated the in vitro activity of endophytic phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB). Fifty-five endophytic PSB that were isolated from sap, leaves, and roots of maize were tested for their ability to solubilize tricalcium phosphate and produce organic acid. Partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA-encoding gene showed that the isolates were from the genus Bacillus and different species of Enterobacteriaceae. The phosphate solubilization index on solid medium and phosphate solubilization in liquid medium varied significantly among the isolates...
February 16, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217425/short-term-effects-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-on-pain-free-range-of-motion-in-a-weightlifter-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#8
Joseph Paul Coviello, Rumit Singh Kakar, Timothy James Reynolds
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While there is limited evidence supporting the use of soft tissue mobilization techniques for Subacromial Pain Syndrome (SAPS), synonymous with subacromial impingement syndrome, previous studies have reported successful outcomes using soft tissue mobilization as a treatment technique. The purpose of this case report is to document the results of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization (IASTM) for the treatment of SAPS. CASE DESCRIPTION: Diagnosis was reached based on the subject's history, tenderness to palpation, and four out of five positive tests in the diagnostic cluster...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215614/genome-characterization-infectivity-assays-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-infectious-transcripts-of-soybean-yellow-mottle-mosaic-virus-from-india-reveals-a-novel-short-mild-genotype
#9
Nagamani Sandra, Abdul Kader Jailani, Rakesh Kumar Jain, Bikash Mandal
Nucleotide sequence of a distinct soybean yellow mottle mosaic virusisolate from Vignaradiata (mungbean isolate, SYMMV-Mb) from India was determined and compared with othermembers of the family Tombusviridae. The complete monopartite single-stranded RNA genome of SYMMV-Mb consisted of 3974nt with six putative open reading frames and includes 5' and 3' untranslated regions of 35 and 254nt, respectively. SYMMV-Mb genome shared 75% nt sequence identity at complete genome level and 67-92% identity at all ORFs level with SYMMV Korean and USA isolates (soybean isolates) followed by CPMoV, whereas it shared very low identity with other tombusviridae members (5 to 41%)...
February 16, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213963/ultrastructure-of-compatible-and-incompatible-interactions-in-phloem-sieve-elements-during-the-stylet-penetration-by-cotton-aphids-in-melon
#10
Elisa Garzo, Mercedes Fernández-Pascual, Cesar Morcillo, Alberto Fereres, M Luisa Gómez-Guillamón, W Fred Tjallingii
Resistance of the melon line TGR-1551 to the aphid Aphis gossypii is based on preventing aphids from ingesting phloem sap. In electrical penetration graphs (EPGs), this resistance has been characterized with A. gossypii showing unusually long phloem salivation periods (waveform E1) mostly followed by pathway activities (waveform C) or if followed by phloem ingestion (waveform E2), ingestion was not sustained for more than 10 minutes. Stylectomy with aphids on susceptible and resistant plants was performed during EPG recording while the stylet tips were phloem inserted...
February 18, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213180/biochemical-composition-of-symplastic-sap-from-sugarcane-genetically-modified-to-overproduce-proline
#11
Graciele Carraro Balestro, Bruna Higashi, Sheila Mara Sanches Lopes, José Eduardo Gonçalves, Luiz Gonzaga Esteves Vieira, Arildo José Braz de Oliveira, Regina Aparecida Correia Gonçalves
Global interest in sugarcane has increased significantly in recent years because of its economic impact on sustainable energy production. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate changes in the concentrations of total sugars, amino acids, free proline, and total proteins by colorimetric analyses and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to perform a metabolic profiling of a water-soluble fraction of symplastic sap in response to the constitutive expression of a mutant Δ(1)-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) gene from Vigna aconitifolia...
February 9, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209590/association-between-bariatric-surgery-and-rate-of-hospitalisations-for-stable-angina-pectoris-in-obese-adults
#12
Yuichi J Shimada, Yusuke Tsugawa, Hiroyasu Iso, David Fm Brown, Kohei Hasegawa
OBJECTIVE: Obesity and stable angina pectoris (SAP) are important public health problems in the USA. However, little is known about whether weight reduction affects the rate of SAP-related morbidities. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that bariatric surgery is associated with a lower rate of hospitalisations for SAP in obese adults. METHODS: We performed a self-controlled case series study of obese adults with SAP who underwent bariatric surgery using a population-based inpatient database in three states (California, Florida and Nebraska) from 2005 to 2011...
February 16, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209258/biliary-tract-external-drainage-protects-against-multiple-organs-injuries-of-severe-acute-pancreatitis-rats-via-heme-oxygenase-1-upregulation
#13
Jin-Long Wang, Ying Chen, Xiao-Qing Song, Mei-Ling Lu, Bing Zhao, Li Ma, Er-Zhen Chen, En-Qiang Mao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of biliary tract external drainage (BTED) on severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) in rats and the relationship with heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) pathway. METHODS: Thirty SD rats weighing 250-300 g were randomly assigned into five groups (n = 6): sham surgery (SS) group, SAP group, SAP + BTED group, SAP + zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP) group, SAP + BTED + ZnPP group. The SAP model was induced via retrograde injection of 4% sodium taurocholate (1 mL/kg) into biliopancreatic duct through duodenal wall...
February 1, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207599/long-term-implant-survival-after-100-maxillary-sinus-augmentations-using-plasma-rich-in-growth-factors
#14
Ismael Khouly, Simón Pardiñas López, Ignacio Aliaga, Stuart J Froum
PURPOSE: To identify determinants of long-term implant survival after sinus augmentation procedure (SAP) using a combination of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) and graft material. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were included in this retrospective study if they underwent SAP through a lateral wall approach using PRGF in combination with mainly xenograft, and received implants restored for at least 1 year. Sociodemographic, behavioral and implant characteristics (clinical factors, implant details, surgical details, prosthesis details, and complications) were analyzed...
February 13, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207167/bisap-ranson-lactate-and-others-biomarkers-in-prediction-of-severe-acute-pancreatitis-in-a-european-cohort
#15
Francisco Valverde-López, Ana M Matas-Cobos, Carlos Alegría-Motte, Rita Jiménez-Rosales, Margarita Úbeda-Muñoz, Eduardo Redondo-Cerezo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Assessing and comparing the predicting ability of some scores and biomarkers in Acute Pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: We prospectively collected data from 269 patients diagnosed of AP, admitted to Virgen de las Nieves University Hospital between June 2010 and June 2012. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN), C-reactive protein (CRP) and creatinine (Cr) were measured on admission and after 48 hours, lactate and BISAP only on admission and RANSON within the first 48 hours...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205641/the-tiered-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-transgenic-cry1c-rice-on-cyrtorhinus-lividipennis-a-main-predator-of-nilaparvata-lugens
#16
Yu Han, Fugang Ma, Muhammad Nawaz, Yu Wang, Wanlun Cai, Jing Zhao, Yueping He, Hongxia Hua, Yulan Zou
T1C-19, a newly developed transgenic cry1C rice line, expresses cry1C under the control of the maize ubiquitin promoter, and is highly resistant to lepidopteran pests of rice. Cyrtorhinus lividipennis is the major predator of the eggs and young nymphs of Nilaparvata lugens, which is the main non-target sap-sucking insect pest of Bt rice. C. lividipennis may be exposed to Cry1C protein, thus biosafety evaluations of transgenic cry1C rice on C. lividipennis should be conducted before the commercialization of T1C-19...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205587/nickel-biopathways-in-tropical-nickel-hyperaccumulating-trees-from-sabah-malaysia
#17
Antony van der Ent, Damien L Callahan, Barry N Noller, Jolanta Mesjasz-Przybylowicz, Wojciech J Przybylowicz, Alban Barnabas, Hugh H Harris
The extraordinary level of accumulation of nickel (Ni) in hyperaccumulator plants is a consequence of specific metal sequestering and transport mechanisms, and knowledge of these processes is critical for advancing an understanding of transition element metabolic regulation in these plants. The Ni biopathways were elucidated in three plant species, Phyllanthus balgooyi, Phyllanthus securinegioides (Phyllanthaceae) and Rinorea bengalensis (Violaceae), that occur in Sabah (Malaysia) on the Island of Borneo. This study showed that Ni is mainly concentrated in the phloem in roots and stems (up to 16...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202112/-risk-factors-for-poor-prognosis-in-children-with-severe-adenovirus-pneumonia
#18
Miao Huang, Rong Luo, Zhou Fu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors for poor prognosis of severe adenovirus pneumonia (SAP) in children. METHODS: The clinical data of 189 children with SAP were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the risk factors for poor prognosis. RESULTS: The univariate logistic regression analysis showed that the patients with hemoglobin <90 g/L, plasma albumin <30 g/L, C-reactive protein >30 mg/L, procalcitonin >10 ng/mL, alanine aminotransferase >100 U/L, or aspartate aminotransferase >100 U/L had poor prognosis (P<0...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197050/invasive-candidiasis-in-severe-acute-pancreatitis-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital
#19
Arvind Kumar Baronia, Afzal Azim, Armin Ahmed, Mohan Gurjar, Rungmei S K Marak, Reema Yadav, Preeti Sharma
BACKGROUND: Invasive candidiasis (IC) is associated with increased morbidity in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). There is limited information regarding the predisposing factors, Candida species distribution and in vitro susceptibility. METHODOLOGY: Current data have been derived from a larger prospective nonintervention study conducted on 200 critically ill patients which was done to study the antifungal prescription practices, collect epidemiological data, and perform an external validation of risk prediction models for IC under senior research associateship program of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research New Delhi...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193369/-expressed-emotions-burden-and-family-functioning-in-schizophrenic-and-bipolar-i-patients-of-a-multimodal-intervention-program-prisma
#20
Alexandra Ramírez, Juan David Palacio, Cristian Vargas, Ana María Díaz-Zuluaga, Kelly Duica, Yuli Agudelo Berruecos, Sigifredo Ospina, Carlos López-Jaramillo
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia are causes of major suffering in patients. Nevertheless, they also affect family and caregiver functioning. This is important because the participation and involvement of families and caregivers is essential to achieve an optimal treatment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the level of expressed emotions, burden, and family functioning of bipolar and schizophrenic patients and, to evaluate the efficacy of the multimodal intervention (MI) versus traditional intervention (TI) in family functioning and its perception by patients and caregivers...
January 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
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