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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332656/germ-cell-tumor-causing-pleural-effusion-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#1
Surabhi Jaggi, Reetu Kundu, Sanjeev Binji, Uma Handa, Varinder Saini
Straw colored pleural fluid with raised adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels in young healthy adults usually raises suspicion of tuberculosis, sometimes leading to laxity in carrying thorough physical examination and missing out some important clues with potential disastrous consequences. A 35-year-old male was diagnosed to have left pleural effusion and anti-tubercular treatment was started on the basis of straw colored, lymphocyte-predominant pleural fluid with significantly raised ADA levels. When there was no improvement after 1 month of treatment he was investigated further and found to have a mediastinal mass along with hydro-pneumothorax...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332240/preperitoneal-closed-system-suction-drainage-after-totally-extraperitoneal-hernioplasty-in-the-prevention-of-early-seroma-formation-a-prospective-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
J K M Fan, J Liu, K Chen, X Yang, X Xu, H K Choi, F S Y Chan, K W H Chiu, C M Lo
OBJECTIVES: Seroma is a virtually unavoidable early sequela after TEP hernioplasty. This randomised controlled trial evaluated the outcomes of preperitoneal closed-system suction drainage in laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) hernioplasty for inguinal hernia. METHODS: Ninety patients aged 18-80 years who presented to our hospital between May 2016 and February 2017 with primary unilateral inguinal hernia were randomised into the preperitoneal drain and no-drain groups...
January 13, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329533/nutritional-status-of-in-school-children-and-its-associated-factors-in-denkyembour-district-eastern-region-ghana-comparing-schools-with-feeding-and-non-school-feeding-policies
#3
Mavis Pearl Kwabla, Charlotte Gyan, Francis Zotor
BACKGROUND: Childhood malnutrition still remains a major public health problem impacting negatively on the academic aptitude of school-aged children (SAC) particularly in limited resource countries. The Government of Ghana in collaboration with the Dutch Government introduced the school feeding programme (SFP) to boost the nutritional status of SAC in the country. This study sought to compare the nutritional status of SAC enrolled in schools with the SFP and SAC enrolled in schools without the SFP in place for the purpose of identifying which group has the higher rate of malnutrition...
January 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329293/cognitive-deficits-and-educational-loss-in-children-with-schistosome-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Amara E Ezeamama, Amaya L Bustinduy, Allan K Nkwata, Leonardo Martinez, Noel Pabalan, Michael J Boivin, Charles H King
BACKGROUND: By means of meta-analysis of information from all relevant epidemiologic studies, we examined the hypothesis that Schistosoma infection in school-aged children (SAC) is associated with educational loss and cognitive deficits. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This review was prospectively registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42016040052). Medline, Biosis, and Web of Science were searched for studies published before August 2016 that evaluated associations between Schistosoma infection and cognitive or educational outcomes...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327961/tracheal-resection-in-a-secretary-bird-sagittarius-serpentarius-with-granulomatous-foreign-body-induced-tracheitis
#5
Carsten Ludwig, Imke Lueders, Volker Schmidt, Hermann Kempf
A 24-year-old female secretary bird ( Sagittarius serpentarius) was presented with acute, mild dyspnea occurring only during feeding times. Despite initial conservative therapy consisting of antibiotics and antifungal, antiparasitic, and anti-inflammatory drugs, the dyspnea worsened progressively, resulting in severe respiratory distress. Radiographs of the trachea suggested stenosis in the caudal one-third of the trachea. Tracheal endoscopy revealed an obstruction of approximately 90% of the tracheal lumen, in addition to mild suspected aspergillosis of the air sacs...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327660/identification-of-2-phenylethanol-with-a-rose-like-odor-from-anal-sac-secretions-of-the-small-indian-mongoose-herpestes-auropunctatus
#6
Tamako Miyazaki, Katsushi Nakata, Takashi Nishimura, Shintaro Abe, Tetsuro Yamashita, Masao Miyazaki
The small Indian mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus) is an invasive species in Okinawa and Amami-Oshima, Japan. Major strategies for their eradication have been the use of baited traps, which suffer from decreasing efficiency with declining populations and the bycatch of native animals. To address these concerns, mongoose-specific lures are required. In this study, we aimed to identify species- and/or sex-specific compounds from anal sac secretions of small Indian mongooses. Volatile compounds emitted from male and female mongoose anal sac secretions were analyzed by thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
January 12, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325955/endovascular-patch-embolization-for-blood-blister-like-aneurysms-in-the-dorsal-segment-of-the-internal-carotid-artery
#7
Xudong Hao, Guilin Li, Jian Ren, Jingwei Li, Chuan He, Hong-Qi Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Blood blister-like aneurysms (BBAs) in the dorsal segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) are fragile and difficult to treat, and the optimal treatment for BBAs is still controversial. We report clinical and angiographic results with procedural details for the treatment of BBA by using the endovascular patch embolization method. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage(SAH) caused by ICA-BBAs and were treated with the endovascular patch embolization method in our center from October 2011 to March 2015...
January 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325162/an-analysis-of-adverse-events-in-the-rehabilitation-department-using-the-veterans-affairs-root-cause-analysis-system
#8
Gregory W Hagley, Peter D Mills, Brian Shiner, Robin R Hemphill
Background: Root cause analyses (RCA) are often completed in health care settings to determine causes of adverse events (AEs). RCAs result in action plans designed to mitigate future patient harm. National reviews of RCA reports have assessed the safety of numerous health care settings and suggested opportunities for improvement. However, few studies have assessed the safety of receiving care from physical therapists, occupational therapists, or speech and language pathology pathologists...
January 9, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324540/metastatic-involvement-of-lesser-sac-in-advanced-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#9
Asima Mukhopadhyay, Nicolò Bizzarri, Melissa Bradbury, Subir Sinha, Jaydip Bhaumik, C William Helm
OBJECTIVES: In advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (AOC), lesser sac (LS) metastasis particularly to the supragastric LS (SGLS) may be overlooked, resulting in unrecognized residual disease. We aimed to identify the frequency, distribution, and predictors of LS metastasis using laparoscopic evaluation at laparotomy and perioperative surgical complications associated with evaluation and resection/ablation. METHODS: Prospective observational study in consecutive patients with AOC undergoing laparotomy for primary or interval cytoreductive surgery in 2 centers between November 2013 and December 2016...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324254/prdm14-is-expressed-in-germ-cell-tumors-with-constitutive-overexpression-altering-human-germline-differentiation-and-proliferation
#10
Joanna J Gell, Jasmine Zhao, Di Chen, Timothy J Hunt, Amander T Clark
Germ cell tumors (GCTs) are a heterogeneous group of tumors occurring in gonadal and extragonadal locations. GCTs are hypothesized to arise from primordial germ cells (PGCs), which fail to differentiate. One recently identified susceptibility loci for human GCT is PR (PRDI-BF1 and RIZ) domain proteins 14 (PRDM14). PRDM14 is expressed in early primate PGCs and is repressed as PGCs differentiate. To examine PRDM14 in human GCTs we profiled human GCT cell lines and patient samples and discovered that PRDM14 is expressed in embryonal carcinoma cell lines, embryonal carcinomas, seminomas, intracranial germinomas and yolk sac tumors, but is not expressed in teratomas...
January 4, 2018: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323706/the-origins-and-homeostasis-of-monocytes-and-tissue-resident-macrophages-in-physiological-situation
#11
REVIEW
Yang Zhao, Weilong Zou, Junfeng Du, Yong Zhao
Monocytes and macrophages are critical effectors and regulators of innate immune response. They not only play crucial and distinctive roles in homeostasis, but also contribute to some pathologic processes. The heterogeneity of the macrophage lineage has been widely recognized and, in part, is a result of the specialization of resident macrophages in particular tissue microenvironments. Monocytes are usually known to originate in the bone marrow from a common myeloid progenitor that is shared with neutrophils, and they are then released into the peripheral blood...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323075/bilateral-lung-metastases-unveils-an-asymptomatic-sacrococcygeal-yolk-sac-tumor
#12
Krishnendu Mondal, Rupali Mandal
Sacrococcygeal yolk sac tumor is an uncommon pediatric neoplasm. It usually presents with intra-abdominal or gluteal pain and mass. At later stage, it disseminates to regional nodes and distant organs. We describe one such neoplasm in an 18-month-old male child who turned symptomatic with multiple bilateral lung metastases. The tumor produced the least deformity to his physique, to become detectable on routine inspection and clinical examination. Finally, a combined approach through clinical, radiological, pathological, and biochemical perspectives established the diagnosis...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321604/trophic-transfer-and-individual-impact-of-nano-sized-polystyrene-in-a-four-species-freshwater-food-chain
#13
Yooeun Chae, Dokyung Kim, Shin Woong Kim, Youn-Joo An
This study investigated the trophic transfer, individual impact, and embryonic uptake of fluorescent nano-sized polystyrene plastics (nanoplastics) through direct exposure in a freshwater ecosystem, with a food chain containing four species. The alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, water flea Daphnia magna, secondary-consumer fish Oryzias sinensis, and end-consumer fish Zacco temminckii were used as test species. In the trophic transfer test, algae were exposed to 50 mg/L nanoplastics, defined as plastic particles <100 nm in diameter; higher trophic level organisms were exposed through their diet...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320428/monitoring-reaction-paths-using-vibrational-spectroscopies-the-case-of-the-dehydrogenation-of-propane-toward-propylene-on-pd-doped-cu-111-surface
#14
Wei Hu, Xinrui Cao
Monitoring reaction paths is not only a fundamental scientific issue but also helps us to understand and optimize the catalytic process. Infrared (IR) and Raman spectroscopies are powerful tools for detecting particular molecules or intermediate products as a result of their ability to provide the molecular "finger-print". However, theoretical modeling for the vibrational spectra of molecular adsorbates on metallic surfaces is a long-standing challenge, because accurate descriptions of the electronic structure for both the metallic substrates and adsorbates are required...
January 10, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318787/primary-mediastinal-yolk-sac-tumor-treated-with-platinum-based-chemotherapy-and-extended-resection-report-of-seven-cases
#15
Bing Liu, Gang Lin, Jingwei Liu, Haibo Liu, Xueqian Shang, Jian Li
BACKGROUND: Primary mediastinal yolk sac tumor, which is also known as endodermal sinus tumor, is a rare but lethal neoplasm, and it is a kind of mediastinal non-seminomatous germ cell tumor. The current standard treatment in mediastinal non-seminomatous germ cell tumors is chemotherapy combined with postchemotherapy residual mass resection. We report on seven cases of primary mediastinal yolk sac tumor treated with platinum-based chemotherapy and extended resection. METHODS: We experienced seven cases of primary mediastinal yolk sac tumor between August 2014 and August 2017...
January 10, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318353/the-barrel-vascular-reconstruction-device-a%C3%A2-retrospective-observational-multicentric-study
#16
C Kabbasch, A Mpotsaris, V Maus, J C Altenbernd, C Loehr
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Barrel device is an electrolytically detachable laser cut, closed-cell microstent that is used for neck reconstruction in wide-necked bifurcation and branching aneurysms to support coiling. The key feature is a barrel section that herniates over the aneurysmal ostium. The objective was to evaluate the safety, feasibility and the immediate and mid-term occlusion results of this new device. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The databases of two tertiary care centers were screened for all Barrel-based stent-assisted intracranial coil embolization of wide-necked aneurysms between June 2015 and September 2016...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317886/new-record-of-brachylaima-sp-digenea-brachylaimidae-from-a-stray-dog-in-north-iran
#17
Iraj Mobedi, Mahdi Fakhar, Malik Irshadullah, Bahman Rahimi-Esboei, Shirzad Gholami, Natalia Fraija-Fernández
Background: Stray dogs are considered potential reservoirs for zoonotic diseases. Previous helminthic surveys in Iran, have accounted for mainly species of nematodes and cestodes, and rarely digeneans. Methods: We accessed 42 car-crashed stray dogs from the Farah Abad Region in the Mazandaran Province (North Iran) between Oct 2012 and Dec 2013, to be inspected for parasites. Helminths were collected from the intestine and they were morphologically studied. Results: We found five adult digeneans from the family Brachylaimidae, identified as Brachylaima sp...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317468/radiation-exposure-and-procedure-and-fluoroscopy-times-in-endovascular-treatment-of-intracranial-aneurysms-a-methodological-comparison
#18
Nicholas K Cheung, Michelle Boutchard, Michael W Carr, Jens J Froelich
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available for radiation exposure, and procedure and fluoroscopy times in neuroendovascular treatment (NET) strategies. OBJECTIVE: This study establishes and compares related parameters between coil embolization (COIL), balloon assisted coil embolization (BAC), stent assisted coil embolization (SAC), and flow diverting technology (FDT) in NET of intracranial aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2010 and 2017, 249 consecutive intracranial aneurysms underwent NET at a single center, all performed by the same operator...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316479/response-of-cell-lines-to-actual-and-simulated-inoculation-with-cryptosporidium-proliferans
#19
Janka Melicherová, Lada Hofmannová, Andrea Valigurová
The need for an effective treatment against cryptosporidiosis has triggered studies in the search for a working in vitro model. The peculiar niche of cryptosporidia at the brush border of host epithelial cells has been the subject of extensive debates. Despite extensive research on the invasion process, it remains enigmatic whether cryptosporidian host-parasite interactions result from an active invasion process or through encapsulation. We used HCT-8 and HT-29 cell lines for in vitro cultivation of the gastric parasite Cryptosporidium proliferans strain TS03...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316210/fate-of-egg-proteins-during-the-development-of-columba-livia-domestica-embryo
#20
Seba Jamal Shbailat, Ibtisam Omar Aslan
The transfer of egg white into the yolk and consumption of yolk proteins by the embryo are largely unexplored in the pigeon Columba livia domestica. Here, we investigated the route of egg white transfer as well as the degradation and uptake of yolk proteins by the pigeon embryo. Initially, we tested the electrophoretic patterns of proteins in different egg compartments throughout development. Then, we used lysozyme as a reference protein to follow the egg white transfer, and we measured its activity using Micrococcus lysodeikticus as a substrate...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
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