keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Jumping

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431278/intranasal-oxytocin-does-not-modulate-jumping-to-conclusions-in-schizophrenia-potential-interactions-with-caudate-volume-and-baseline-social-functioning
#1
Fernando Caravaggio, Philip Gerretsen, Wanna Mar, Jun Ku Chung, Eric Plitman, Shinichiro Nakajima, Julia Kim, Yusuke Iwata, Raihaan Patel, M Mallar Chakravarty, Gary Remington, Ariel Graff-Guerrero, Mahesh Menon
BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia (SCZ) tend to sample less information when making a decision, jumping to conclusions (JTC) without sufficient evidence. This "JTC bias" may be a trait marker of the disease and may not improve with antipsychotic treatment. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to test whether intranasal oxytocin could reduce JTC in stable, medicated patients with SCZ and healthy controls (HCs). We also explored whether striatal volume, clinical symptoms, and baseline social functioning (SF) was related to JTC performance...
March 31, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430477/spatiotemporal-patterns-in-ultraslow-domain-wall-creep-dynamics
#2
Ezequiel E Ferrero, Laura Foini, Thierry Giamarchi, Alejandro B Kolton, Alberto Rosso
In the presence of impurities, ferromagnetic and ferroelectric domain walls slide only above a finite external field. Close to this depinning threshold, they proceed by large and abrupt jumps called avalanches, while, at much smaller fields, these interfaces creep by thermal activation. In this Letter, we develop a novel numerical technique that captures the ultraslow creep regime over huge time scales. We point out the existence of activated events that involve collective reorganizations similar to avalanches, but, at variance with them, display correlated spatiotemporal patterns that resemble the complex sequence of aftershocks observed after a large earthquake...
April 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429939/solute-rotation-in-ionic-liquids-size-shape-and-electrostatic-effects
#3
Christopher A Rumble, Caleb Uitvlugt, Brian Conway, Mark Maroncelli
Herein are reported temperature-dependent measurements and molecular dynamics simulations designed to investigate the effects of molecular size, shape, and electrostatics on rotational dynamics in ionic liquids. Experiments were performed in the representative ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimadazolium tetrafluoroborate ([Im41][BF4]) and simulations in the generic ionic liquid model ILM2 as well as a more detailed representation of [Im41][BF4]. 2H longitudinal spin relaxation times were measured for deuterated versions of 1,4-dimethylbenzene, 1-cyano-4-methylbenzene, and 1,4-dimethylpyridinium between 296-337 K...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428904/salvage-of-necrotic-appearing-limb-after-in-utero-endoscopic-lysis-of-constriction-bands
#4
M Abdel-Sattar, A Chon, B Chen, W Burkhalter, R H Chmait
We report a case of amniotic band syndrome complicated by constriction bands and marked distal swelling of both lower extremities. Color Doppler interrogation of the right lower extremity revealed complete lack of blood flow below the level of the constriction. Upon fetoscopic survey, the right lower extremity beyond the constriction band appeared dusky red and discolored with desquamation, consistent with a necrotic appearance. The constriction bands were cut in utero using endoshears, thereby allowing restoration of blood flow on postoperative day 1...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428563/a-sublethal-dose-of-a-neonicotinoid-insecticide-disrupts-visual-processing-and-collision-avoidance-behaviour-in-locusta-migratoria
#5
Rachel H Parkinson, Jacelyn M Little, John R Gray
Neonicotinoids are known to affect insect navigation and vision, however the mechanisms of these effects are not fully understood. A visual motion sensitive neuron in the locust, the Descending Contralateral Movement Detector (DCMD), integrates visual information and is involved in eliciting escape behaviours. The DCMD receives coded input from the compound eyes and monosynaptically excites motorneurons involved in flight and jumping. We show that imidacloprid (IMD) impairs neural responses to visual stimuli at sublethal concentrations, and these effects are sustained two and twenty-four hours after treatment...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428033/a-critical-analysis-of-limb-symmetry-indices-of-hop-tests-in-athletes-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-case-control-study
#6
Alli Gokeler, Wouter Welling, Anne Benjaminse, Koen Lemmink, Romain Seil, Stefano Zaffagnini
BACKGROUND: Hop tests are frequently used to determine return to sports (RTS) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Given that bilateral deficits are present after ACLR, this may result in a falsely high limb symmetry index (LSI), since LSI is calculated as a ratio between the values of the limbs. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes after ACLR would achieve LSI > 90% for the hop test. Secondly, athletes after ACLR demonstrate decreased jump distance on the single hop for distance (SLH) and triple leg hop for distance (TLH) and decreased number of hops for the side hop (SH) for both involved and uninvolved limbs compared to normative data of sex, age and type of sports matched healthy athletes...
April 17, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426516/physical-profiles-of-female-academy-netball-players-by-position
#7
Christopher Thomas, Kemal Thomas Ismail, Robert Simpson, Paul Comfort, Paul A Jones, Thomas Dos'Santos
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the height, body mass and physical characteristics of female academy netball players by position (centers, defenders and shooters). Data were collected on 43 regional academy players during the preseason period and comprised of height and body mass, and physical characteristics (single-leg hop [SLH], squat jump [SJ], countermovement jump [CMJ], 5- and 10-m sprint, 505 and cardiorespiratory fitness). Defenders and shooters demonstrated significantly (p = < 0.05; d ≥ 1...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426515/can-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-improve-muscle-power-in-individuals-with-advanced-resistance-training-experience
#8
Eduardo Lattari, Carlos Campos, Murilo Khede Lamego, Sandro Legey Passos de Souza, Geraldo M Neto, Nuno B Rocha, Aldair José de Oliveira, Sandro Carpenter, Sérgio Machado
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on countermovement jump performance (CMJ) in men with advanced strength training experience. Ten healthy male subjects, with advanced strength training and squatting exercise experience, were included. Participants took part in an initial visit to the laboratory to complete anthropometric measurements and CMJ kinematic test-retest reliability. Participants then completed three experimental conditions, 48-72 hours apart, in a randomized, double-blinded crossover design: anodal, cathodal and sham tDCS (2 mA for 20 minutes targeting the motor cortex bilaterally)...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426514/comparison-of-the-hang-high-pull-and-loaded-jump-squat-for-the-development-of-vertical-jump-and-isometric-force-time-characteristics
#9
Dustin J Oranchuk, Tracey L Robinson, Zachary J Switaj, Eric J Drinkwater
Weightlifting movements have high skill demands and require expert coaching. Loaded jumps have a comparably lower skill demand, but may be similarly effective for improving explosive performance. The purpose of this study was to compare vertical jump performance, isometric force, and rate of force development (RFD) following a ten-week intervention employing the hang high-pull (hang-pull) or trap-bar jump squat (jump-squat). Eighteen NCAA Division II swimmers (8 males, 10 females) with at least one year of resistance training experience volunteered to participate...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424915/optimal-eye-movement-strategies-a-comparison-of-neurosurgeons-gaze-patterns-when-using-a-surgical-microscope
#10
Shahram Eivazi, Ahmad Hafez, Wolfgang Fuhl, Hoorieh Afkari, Enkelejda Kasneci, Martin Lehecka, Roman Bednarik
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have consistently demonstrated gaze behaviour differences related to expertise during various surgical procedures. In micro-neurosurgery, however, there is a lack of evidence of empirically demonstrated individual differences associated with visual attention. It is unknown exactly how neurosurgeons see a stereoscopic magnified view in the context of micro-neurosurgery and what this implies for medical training. METHOD: We report on an investigation of the eye movement patterns in micro-neurosurgery using a state-of-the-art eye tracker...
April 19, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424312/archer-fish-jumping-prey-capture-kinematics-and-hydrodynamics
#11
Anna M Shih, Leah Mendelson, Alexandra H Techet
Smallscale archer fish, Toxotes microlepis, are best known for spitting jets of water to capture prey, but also hunt by jumping out of the water to heights of up to 2.5 body lengths. In this study, high-speed imaging and particle image velocimetry were used to characterize the kinematics and hydrodynamics of this jumping behavior. Jumping used a set of kinematics distinct from those of in-water feeding strikes and was segmented into three phases: (1) hovering to sight prey at the surface, (2) rapid upward thrust production and (3) gliding to the prey once out of the water...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424307/archer-fish-jump-as-well-as-shoot
#12
Kathryn Knight
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422962/docosahexaenoic-acid-blocks-progression-of-western-diet-induced-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-in-obese-ldlr-mice
#13
Kelli A Lytle, Carmen P Wong, Donald B Jump
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major public health concern in western societies. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), the progressive form of NAFLD, is characterized by hepatic steatosis, inflammation, oxidative stress and fibrosis. NASH is a risk factor for cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. NASH is predicted to be the leading cause of liver transplants by 2020. Despite this growing public health concern, there remain no Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved NASH treatments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422698/dissipativity-based-resilient-filtering-of-periodic-markovian-jump-neural-networks-with-quantized-measurements
#14
Renquan Lu, Jie Tao, Peng Shi, Hongye Su, Zheng-Guang Wu, Yong Xu
The problem of dissipativity-based resilient filtering for discrete-time periodic Markov jump neural networks in the presence of quantized measurements is investigated in this paper. Due to the limited capacities of network medium, a logarithmic quantizer is applied to the underlying systems. Considering the fact that the filter is realized through a network, randomly occurring parameter uncertainties of the filter are modeled by two mode-dependent Bernoulli processes. By establishing the mode-dependent periodic Lyapunov function, sufficient conditions are given to ensure the stability and dissipativity of the filtering error system...
April 12, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422675/finite-time-synchronization-of-coupled-hierarchical-hybrid-neural-networks-with-time-varying-delays
#15
Junyi Wang, Huaguang Zhang, Zhanshan Wang, David Wenzhong Gao
This paper is concerned with the finite-time synchronization problem of coupled hierarchical hybrid delayed neural networks. This coupled hierarchical hybrid neural networks consist of a higher level switching and a lower level Markovian jumping. The time-varying delays are dependent on not only switching signal but also jumping mode. By using a less conservative weighted integral inequality and stochastic multiple Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional, new finite-time synchronization criteria are obtained, which makes the state trajectories be kept within the prescribed bound in a time interval...
April 13, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422586/the-reactive-strength-index-reflects-vertical-stiffness-during-drop-jumps
#16
Kristof Kipp, Michael T Kiely, Matthew D Giordanelli, Philip J Malloy, Christopher F Geiser
The reactive strength index (RSI) is often used to quantify drop jump (DJ) performance; however, not much is known about the biomechanical determinants of the RSI. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations between the RSI and several biomechanical variables calculated from DJ performed with different initial drop heights. Twelve, male NCAA DI basketball players performed DJ from drop heights of 30, 45, and 60 cm. Force plates were used to calculate DJ performance parameters (i.e., DJ height, contact time, and RSI) and DJ biomechanical variables (i...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422525/soccer-match-play-represents-an-important-component-of-the-power-training-stimulus-in-premier-league-players
#17
Ryland Morgans, Rocco Di Michele, Barry Drust
PURPOSE: Competitive match-play is a dominant component of the physical load completed by soccer players within a training micro-cycle. Characterising the temporal disruption in homeostasis that follows exercise may provide some insight into the potential for match-play to elicit an adaptive response. METHODS: Countermovement jump (CMJ) performance was characterised 3 days post-match for 15 outfield players from an English Premier League soccer team (age: 25.8 ± 4...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422183/enhanced-superconductivity-accompanying-a-lifshitz-transition-in-electron-doped-fese-monolayer
#18
X Shi, Z-Q Han, X-L Peng, P Richard, T Qian, X-X Wu, M-W Qiu, S C Wang, J P Hu, Y-J Sun, H Ding
The origin of enhanced superconductivity over 50 K in the recently discovered FeSe monolayer films grown on SrTiO3 (STO), as compared to 8 K in bulk FeSe, is intensely debated. As with the ferrochalcogenides AxFe2-ySe2 and potassium-doped FeSe, which also have a relatively high-superconducting critical temperature (Tc), the Fermi surface (FS) of the FeSe/STO monolayer films is free of hole-like FS, suggesting that a Lifshitz transition by which these hole FSs vanish may help increasing Tc. However, the fundamental reasons explaining this increase of Tc remain unclear...
April 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420999/functional-high-intensity-circuit-training-improves-body-composition-peak-oxygen-uptake-strength-and-alters-certain-dimensions-of-quality-of-life-in-overweight-women
#19
Billy Sperlich, Birgit Wallmann-Sperlich, Christoph Zinner, Valerie Von Stauffenberg, Helena Losert, Hans-Christer Holmberg
The effects of circuit-like functional high-intensity training (CircuitHIIT) alone or in combination with high-volume low-intensity exercise (Circuitcombined) on selected cardio-respiratory and metabolic parameters, body composition, functional strength and the quality of life of overweight women were compared. In this single-center, two-armed randomized, controlled study, overweight women performed 9-weeks (3 sessions·wk(-1)) of either CircuitHIIT (n = 11), or Circuitcombined (n = 8). Peak oxygen uptake and perception of physical pain were increased to a greater extent (p < 0...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418729/relationship-of-cognitive-functions-and-gross-motor-abilities-in-children-with-spastic-diplegic-cerebral-palsy
#20
Alaa Al-Nemr, Faten Abdelazeim
Spastic diplegic cerebral palsy can be accompanied by a myriad of symptoms affecting other body systems including cognitive dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a relationship exists between cognitive functions in the form of selective attention and figural memory domains with standing and walking motor abilities in children with diplegic cerebral palsy. The research design was a correlational study. Tasks assessing cognitive function and gross motor abilities were carried out with a sample of 50 children...
April 18, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
keyword
keyword
90072
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"