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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176445/the-screening-emperor-has-no-clothes-on-primary-prevention-will-always-trump-testing-for-preterm-birth
#1
Khalid Khan, Donald Dudley
When a woman planning a pregnancy seeks advice, say regarding neural tube defects, we do not tell her, "we have a great screening test that we will use to see if your baby has risk of a serious defects of the brain, spine, or spinal cord and as soon as we know that the test is positive we will try to do something about it." In fact we say, "her are some vitamin pills called folate that you should start taking right now so that we can reduce the risk of these defects developing in the first place". This is a primary prevention strategy that we know that works well, and we determined this by performing trials of sufficient sample size with the right design to address this question...
February 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164788/variations-in-the-bacterial-community-compositions-at-different-sites-in-the-tomb-of-emperor-yang-of-the-sui-dynasty
#2
Zhi Huang, Fei Zhao, Yonghui Li, Jianwei Zhang, Youzhi Feng
To fully understand the bacterial processes in tomb environments, it is necessary to investigate the details of the bacterial communities present under such oligotrophic conditions. Here, high-throughput sequencing based on partial 16S rRNA gene sequences was used to fully evaluate the bacterial communities at different sites in the tomb of Emperor Yang of the Sui Dynasty. We also aimed to identify the soil factors that were significant related to bacterial diversity and community composition. The results showed the presence of a broad taxonomic diversity that included nine major phyla...
March 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108910/non-scientific-classification-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-as-dietary-supplement
#3
Kexin Bao
This article focuses the category status of Chinese herbal medicine in the United States where it has been mistakenly classified as a dietary supplement. According to Yellow Emperor Canon of Internal Medicine (Huang Di Nei Jing), clinical treatment in broad sense is to apply certain poisonous medicines to fight against pathogeneses, by which all medicines have certain toxicity and side effect. From ancient times to modern society, all, or at least most, practitioners have used herbal medicine to treat patients' medical conditions...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100885/quantitative-analysis-of-the-distribution-of-cis-eicosenoic-acid-positional-isomers-in-marine-fishes-from-the-indian-ocean
#4
Samanthika Senarath, Kazuaki Yoshinaga, Toshiharu Nagai, Akihiko Yoshida, Fumiaki Beppu, Chamila Jayasinghe, Chandravathany Devadawson, Naohiro Gotoh
This study investigated the occurrence and distribution of cis-eicosenoic acid (c-20:1) positional isomers in fishes from the Indian Ocean and compared to those from the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean. Lipids were extracted from the edible part of the fish and then methylated. The eicosenoic acid methyl ester fraction was separated from total fatty acid methyl esters by reversed-phase HPLC and quantitatively analyzed using a GC-FID fitted with the SLB-IL111 highly polar GC column. c14-20:1 was used as an internal standard...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099312/the-emperor-may-truly-have-new-clothes-commentary-on-an-article-by-zahab-s-ahsan-md-et-al-characterizing-the-propionibacterium-load-in-revision-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-study-of-137-culture-positive-cases
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081445/bringing-the-dynamic-microbiome-to-life-with-animations
#6
Yoshiki Vázquez-Baeza, Antonio Gonzalez, Larry Smarr, Daniel McDonald, James T Morton, Jose A Navas-Molina, Rob Knight
Our bodies and natural environment contain complex microbial communities, colloquially termed microbiomes. We previously created a web-based application, EMPeror, for visualizing ordinations derived from comparisons of these microbiome communities. We have now improved EMPeror to create interactive animations that connect successive samples to highlight patterns over time.
January 11, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052612/probably-benign-findings-probably-the-emperor-with-no-clothes
#7
EDITORIAL
Syrone Liu, Iraj Khalkhali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034852/screening-women-with-ckd-for-the-emperor-of-all-maladies
#8
EDITORIAL
Deidra C Crews, Waseem Khaliq
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966259/estimands-new-statistical-principle-or-the-emperor-s-new-clothes
#9
EDITORIAL
Gerd Rosenkranz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Pharmaceutical Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951454/kamikazes-and-cultural-evolution
#10
Sean Allen-Hermanson
Is cultural evolution needed to explain altruistic selfsacrifice? Some contend that cultural traits (e.g. beliefs, behaviors, and for some "memes") replicate according to selection processes that have "floated free" from biology. One test case is the example of suicide kamikaze attacks in wartime Japan. Standard biological mechanisms-such as reciprocal altruism and kin selection-might not seem to apply here: The suicide pilots did not act on the expectation that others would reciprocate, and they were supposedly sacrificing themselves for country and emperor, not close relatives...
December 9, 2016: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921387/of-emperors-and-clothes-why-flacs
#11
EDITORIAL
Mark J Walland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917356/response-and-recovery-measures-for-two-floods-in-north-china-during-the-nineteenth-century-a-comparative-study
#12
Yu Ye, Xiuqi Fang, Fan Li
BACKGROUND: The process of human response to natural disasters and its mechanisms as revealed by historical events still has a broad significance for modern society. This study analyzed the disaster relief process and the social response for two floods in China: the Yongding River flood in 1801 and the Yellow River flood in 1841. These two floods reflect the different response processes between the national and provincial capitals during a stage of climate cooling and social transition in the Qing dynasty...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885557/isolation-of-paenibacillus-tumbae-sp-nov-from-the-tomb-of-the-emperor-yang-of-the-sui-dynasty-and-emended-description-of-the-genus-paenibacillus
#13
Zhi Huang, Fei Zhao, Yong-Hui Li
A novel strain, designated strain CSA42(T), was isolated from the tomb of emperor Yang of Sui in Yangzhou, Jiangsu province, China. Strain CSA42(T) was observed to be Gram-stain positive, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped, spore-forming and motile. The optimum conditions for growth were found to be 30 °C, pH 8.0 and without NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, revealed strain CSA42(T) to be closely related to Paenibacillus larvae DSM 7030(T) (94.7%), Paenibacillus doosanensis CAU 1055(T) (94...
November 24, 2016: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882755/prague-1337-the-first-successful-caesarean-section-in-which-both-mother-and-child-survived-may-have-occurred-in-the-court-of-john-of-luxembourg-king-of-bohemia
#14
A Pařízek, V Drška, M Říhová
OBJECTIVE: An interdisciplinary historical-medical study, analysis of historical sources, and critical interpretation of the indirect evidence surrounding the childbirth of Beatrice of Bourbon, the second wife of the Bohemian King John of Luxembourg. STUDY TYPE: A material-based study founded on a comparative analysis of available private and public sources, particularly surviving letters, and narrative sources. The conclusions are reached based on a textual interpretation according to historical methods...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859162/geographic-extent-and-variation-of-a-coral-reef-trophic-cascade
#15
T R McClanahan, N A Muthiga
Trophic cascades caused by a reduction in predators of sea urchins have been reported in Indian Ocean and Caribbean coral reefs. Previous studies have been constrained by their site-specific nature and limited spatial replication, which has produced site and species-specific understanding that can potentially preclude larger community-organization nuances and generalizations. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the extent and variability of the cascade community in response to fishing across ~23° of latitude and longitude in coral reefs in the southwestern Indian Ocean...
July 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827006/did-napoleon-suffer-from-chronic-rhonchopathy
#16
Claude-Henri Chouard
CONCLUSION: If Napoleon had been treated, Europa would then have doubtless been different, and perhaps would not have known the last two World wars. OBJECTIVES: This study plans to demonstrate that Napoleon very probably suffered from Chronic Rhonchopathy. BACKGROUND: Between 1983-1993, the author led their ENT department of CHU Saint-Antoine to contribute in the knowledge of chronic snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apneas Syndrome (OSAS), and to define the treatment of their consequences...
November 9, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808362/a-two-step-method-for-identification-of-the-chinese-glutinous-rice-suyunuo-based-on-issr-scar-and-allele-specific-markers
#17
Y B Lin, Y M Zhang, Y Y Hang, M M Li, G C Zhou, X L Shen, X Q Sun
Suyunuo is a valuable glutinous rice variety cultivated mainly in the Lake Taihu area of China. Historically, Suyunuo was presented to emperors as a tribute, and, still today, enjoys a great reputation in China. This study aimed to develop a unique, specific molecular marker for the identification of Suyunuo rice. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) molecular markers was performed on Suyunuo and 11 other glutinous rice varieties that are mainly cultivated in the Yangtze River Delta region...
October 5, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770507/integrated-population-modeling-reveals-the-impact-of-climate-on-the-survival-of-juvenile-emperor-penguins
#18
Fitsum Abadi, Christophe Barbraud, Olivier Gimenez
Early-life demographic traits are poorly known, impeding our understanding of population processes and sensitivity to climate change. Survival of immature individuals is a critical component of population dynamics and recruitment in particular. However, obtaining reliable estimates of juvenile survival (i.e., from independence to first year) remains challenging, as immatures are often difficult to observe and to monitor individually in the field. This is particularly acute for seabirds, in which juveniles stay at sea and remain undetectable for several years...
October 22, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708298/theoretical-physics-the-emperor-s-new-physics
#19
Richard Dawid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683022/screening-mammography-sparing-the-emperor-s-blushes
#20
Saroj Niraula
Differing interpretations about evidence on benefits and harms of screening mammography has led to conflicting recommendations among different jurisdictions that range from intensive screening starting at age 40 to no screening at all. Despite broad attention of scientific and nonscientific media, evidence suggests substantial discrepancy between real and perceived benefits of screening mammography among women. In this commentary, underlying concept of mammographic screening, limitations in primary evidence, results from secondary evidence, and existing misunderstandings are underscored with a critical gaze at available information...
September 28, 2016: Cancer Medicine
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