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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710443/defying-dissolution-discovery-of-deep-sea-scleractinian-coral-reefs-in-the-north-pacific
#1
Amy R Baco, Nicole Morgan, E Brendan Roark, Mauricio Silva, Kathryn E F Shamberger, Kelci Miller
Deep-sea scleractinian coral reefs are protected ecologically and biologically significant areas that support global fisheries. The absence of observations of deep-sea scleractinian reefs in the Central and Northeast Pacific, combined with the shallow aragonite saturation horizon (ASH) and high carbonate dissolution rates there, fueled the hypothesis that reef formation in the North Pacific was improbable. Despite this, we report the discovery of live scleractinian reefs on six seamounts of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands and Emperor Seamount Chain at depths of 535-732 m and aragonite saturation state (Ωarag) values of 0...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687437/brain-projective-reality-novel-clothes-for-the-emperor-reply-to-comments-on-topodynamics-of-metastable-brains-by-arturo-tozzi-et-al
#2
Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters, Andrew A Fingelkurts, Alexander A Fingelkurts, Pedro C Marijuán
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648981/leptin-s-physiologic-role-does-the-emperor-of-energy-balance-have-no-clothes
#3
REVIEW
Jeffrey S Flier, Eleftheria Maratos-Flier
The discovery of the obese gene and the demonstration that its encoded protein leptin can reverse obesity due to genetic deficiency of the hormone were landmark discoveries in endocrinology and metabolism. Regarding leptin's role in physiology, it is now established that falling leptin levels are a key signal of the starved state in mice and humans. Repleting leptin reverses the starvation signal both in physiologic starvation and in obesity resulting from genetic leptin deficiency. Since its discovery, it has also been hypothesized that rising leptin levels caused by overfeeding provide a physiologic signal that orchestrates resistance to obesity...
July 5, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648776/the-emperor-has-no-clothes-recognizing-the-limits-of-current-echocardiographic-technology-in-perioperative-quantification-of-mitral-regurgitation
#4
EDITORIAL
Frederick C Cobey, Visal Patel, Andre Gosling, Eric Ursprung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645828/cardiac-surgery-training-in-the-present-era-does-the-emperor-have-new-clothes
#5
EDITORIAL
Giuseppe D'Ancona, Hüseyin Ince
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627996/metastasectomy-for-colorectal-cancer-are-there-clothes-on-the-emperor
#6
Tom Treasure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609969/an-updated-concept-and-revised-composition-for-i-hamacreadium-i-linton-1910-opecoelidae-plagioporinae-clarifies-a-previously-obscured-pattern-of-host-specificity-among-species
#7
Storm B Martin, Scott C Cutmore, Selina Ward, Thomas H Cribb
The present concept of the trematode genus Hamacreadium Linton, 1910 encompasses considerable morphological variability and includes species reported from a broad range of fishes. These include herbivores and planktivores, despite the life-cycle of the type-species, Hamacreadium mutabile Linton, 1910, being known to use fishes as intermediate hosts. Reports of H. mutabile are numerous, spanning the west Atlantic, east Pacific and Indo-west Pacific, whereas other nominal species are infrequently reported and several inadequately described...
April 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580950/pacific-plate-motion-change-caused-the-hawaiian-emperor-bend
#8
Trond H Torsvik, Pavel V Doubrovine, Bernhard Steinberger, Carmen Gaina, Wim Spakman, Mathew Domeier
A conspicuous 60° bend of the Hawaiian-Emperor Chain in the north-western Pacific Ocean has variously been interpreted as the result of an abrupt Pacific plate motion change in the Eocene (∼47 Ma), a rapid southward drift of the Hawaiian hotspot before the formation of the bend, or a combination of these two causes. Palaeomagnetic data from the Emperor Seamounts prove ambiguous for constraining the Hawaiian hotspot drift, but mantle flow modelling suggests that the hotspot drifted 4-9° south between 80 and 47 Ma...
June 5, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558939/the-humboldt-penguin-spheniscus-humboldti-rete-tibiotarsale-a-supreme-biological-heat-exchanger
#9
Shaked Kazas, Moran Benelly, Saar Golan
Humans are unable to survive low temperature environments without custom designed clothing and support systems. In contrast, certain penguin species inhabit extremely cold climates without losing substantial energy to self-heating (emperor penguins ambient temperature plummets to as low as -45°C). Penguins accomplish this task by relying on distinct anatomical, physiological and behavioral adaptations. One such adaptation is a blood vessel heat exchanger called the 'Rete Tibiotarsale' - an intermingled network of arteries and veins found in penguins' legs...
July 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545618/nosology-of-noncompaction-cardiomyopathy-the-emperor-still-wears-clothes
#10
EDITORIAL
Erwin Oechslin, Rolf Jenni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529298/an-aspect-of-the-history-of-medicine-in-ancient-korea-as-examined-through-silla-buddhist-monks-annotations-on-the-chapter-on-eliminating-disease-in-the-sutra-of-golden-light-suvarnabh%C3%A4-sa-s%C3%A5-tra
#11
Chaekun Oh, Jongwook Jeon, Dongwon Shin
Nearly nothing is known of medicine in ancient Korea due to insufficient materials. With several extant prescriptions and esoteric methods of treating diseases alone, it is impossible to gauge in depth the management of medicine during this period. If one exception were to be cited, that would be the fact that the annotations for understanding the contents on Indian medicine in the "Chapter on Eliminating Disease" in the Sutra of Golden Light, a Buddhist sutra originating from India, reflected the medical knowledge of Buddhist monks from Silla (57 BC-935 AD) who were active immediately after the nation's unification of the two other kingdoms on the Korean Peninsula (668 AD) such as Wonhyo (617-686 AD), Gyeongheung (620?-700? AD), and Seungjang (684-? AD)...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506713/the-emperor-s-new-topology-comment-on-topodynamics-of-metastable-brains-by-arturo-tozzi-et-al
#12
Karl Friston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498882/mutational-signatures-and-mutable-motifs-in-cancer-genomes
#13
Igor B Rogozin, Youri I Pavlov, Alexander Goncearenco, Subhajyoti De, Artem G Lada, Eugenia Poliakov, Anna R Panchenko, David N Cooper
Cancer is a genetic disorder, meaning that a plethora of different mutations, whether somatic or germ line, underlie the etiology of the 'Emperor of Maladies'. Point mutations, chromosomal rearrangements and copy number changes, whether they have occurred spontaneously in predisposed individuals or have been induced by intrinsic or extrinsic (environmental) mutagens, lead to the activation of oncogenes and inactivation of tumor suppressor genes, thereby promoting malignancy. This scenario has now been recognized and experimentally confirmed in a wide range of different contexts...
May 11, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488293/the-challenges-of-detecting-subtle-population-structure-and-its-importance-for-the-conservation-of-emperor-penguins
#14
Jane L Younger, Gemma V Clucas, Damian Kao, Alex D Rogers, Karim Gharbi, Tom Hart, Karen J Miller
Understanding the boundaries of breeding populations is of great importance for conservation efforts and estimates of extinction risk for threatened species. However, determining these boundaries can be difficult when population structure is subtle. Emperor penguins are highly reliant on sea ice, and some populations may be in jeopardy as climate change alters sea-ice extent and quality. An understanding of emperor penguin population structure is therefore urgently needed. Two previous studies have differed in their conclusions, particularly whether the Ross Sea, a major stronghold for the species, is isolated or not...
May 10, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467819/the-concurrent-emergence-and-causes-of-double-volcanic-hotspot-tracks-on-the-pacific-plate
#15
T D Jones, D R Davies, I H Campbell, G Iaffaldano, G Yaxley, S C Kramer, C R Wilson
Mantle plumes are buoyant upwellings of hot rock that transport heat from Earth's core to its surface, generating anomalous regions of volcanism that are not directly associated with plate tectonic processes. The best-studied example is the Hawaiian-Emperor chain, but the emergence of two sub-parallel volcanic tracks along this chain, Loa and Kea, and the systematic geochemical differences between them have remained unexplained. Here we argue that the emergence of these tracks coincides with the appearance of other double volcanic tracks on the Pacific plate and a recent azimuthal change in the motion of the plate...
May 25, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411821/electrochemical-discrimination-of-mints-the-last-chinese-emperors-kuang-hs%C3%A3-and-hs%C3%A3-an-t-ung-monetary-unification
#16
Antonio Doménech-Carbó, María Teresa Doménech-Carbó, Elena Montagna, Carla Álvarez-Romero, Yu Lee
An electrochemical methodology for discriminating monetary emissions, a recurrent problem in much archaeological studies, is introduced. The method is based on the record of voltammetric signatures of cuprite and tenorite corrosion products in the patina using a minimally invasive nanosampling following the voltammetry of immobilized particles methodology. A model for the depth variation of voltammetric electrochemical parameters characterizing the composition of the corrosion patinas is presented. This model permits to rationalize electrochemical data and discriminate different monetary emissions...
July 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410313/driving-pressure-the-emperor-s-new-clothes
#17
Eddy Fan, Gordon D Rubenfeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405694/levels-of-organotin-compounds-in-selected-fish-species-from-the-arabian-gulf
#18
Muhammad Waqar Ashraf, Abdus Salam, Atiq Mian
In the present work, data on the levels of hazardous Organotin compounds in eight commercially important fish species, caught from Arabian Gulf, has been reported. Highest levels of tributyltin (TBT) (98.5 ng/g dry weight) were detected in Epinephelus Tauvina whereas minimum (43.7 ng/g) were found in Acanthoparagus Bifasciatus. Highest levels of triphenyltin (TPT) were detected in Lethrinus Miniatus (107.5 ng/g) whereas lowest were encountered in Acanthoparagus Bifasciatus (64.9 ng/g). Highest value of total butyltin compounds (∑BT) were found in emperors (Lethrinus Miniatus) (228...
June 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395867/key-questions-relating-to-left-ventricular-noncompaction-cardiomyopathy-is-the-emperor-still-wearing-any-clothes
#19
REVIEW
Robert H Anderson, Bjarke Jensen, Timothy J Mohun, Steffen E Petersen, Nay Aung, Filip Zemrak, R Nils Planken, David H MacIver
The evidence is increasing that left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy as it is currently defined does not represent a failure of compaction of pre-existing trabecular myocardium found during embryonic development to form the compact component of the ventricular walls. Neither is there evidence of which we are aware to favour the notion that the entity is a return to a phenotype seen in cold-blooded animals. It is also known that when seen in adults, the presence of excessive ventricular trabeculations does not portend a poor prognosis when the ejection fraction is normal, with the risks of complications such as arrhythmia and stroke being rare in this setting...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393014/temporal-and-demographic-blood-parasite-dynamics-in-two-free-ranging-neotropical-primates
#20
Gideon A Erkenswick, Mrinalini Watsa, Alfonso S Gozalo, Nicole Dmytryk, Patricia G Parker
Parasite-host relationships are influenced by several factors intrinsic to hosts, such as social standing, group membership, sex, and age. However, in wild populations, temporal variation in parasite distributions and concomitant infections can alter these patterns. We used microscropy and molecular methods to screen for naturally occurring haemoparasitic infections in two Neotropical primate host populations, the saddleback (Leontocebus weddelli) and emperor (Saguinus imperator) tamarin, in the lowland tropical rainforests of southeastern Peru...
August 2017: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
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