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Fitsum Abadi, Christophe Barbraud, Olivier Gimenez
Early-life demographic traits are poorly known, impeding our understanding of population processes and sensitivity to climate change. Survival of immature individuals is a critical component of population dynamics and recruitment in particular. However, obtaining reliable estimates of juvenile survival (i.e., from independence to first year) remains challenging, as immatures are often difficult to observe and to monitor individually in the field. This is particularly acute for seabirds, in which juveniles stay at sea and remain undetectable for several years...
October 22, 2016: Global Change Biology
Richard Dawid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: Nature
Saroj Niraula
Differing interpretations about evidence on benefits and harms of screening mammography has led to conflicting recommendations among different jurisdictions that range from intensive screening starting at age 40 to no screening at all. Despite broad attention of scientific and nonscientific media, evidence suggests substantial discrepancy between real and perceived benefits of screening mammography among women. In this commentary, underlying concept of mammographic screening, limitations in primary evidence, results from secondary evidence, and existing misunderstandings are underscored with a critical gaze at available information...
September 28, 2016: Cancer Medicine
Elisabeth Dahlborg Lyckhage, Sandra Pennbrant, Åse Boman
The Swedish welfare debate increasingly focuses on market liberal notions and its healthcare perspective aims for more patient-centered care. This article examines the new Swedish Patient Act describing and analyzing how the patient is constructed in government documents. This study takes a Foucauldian discourse analysis approach following Willig's analysis guide. The act contains an entitlement discourse for patients and a requirement discourse for healthcare personnel. These two discourses are governed by a values-based healthcare discourse...
September 29, 2016: Nursing Inquiry
Andrea T Borchers, M Eric Gershwin
The management of patients with chronic pain is a nearly daily challenge to rheumatologists, neurologists, orthopedic surgeons, pain specialists and indeed a issue in nearly every clinical practice. Among the myriad of causes of pain are often included a unique syndrome, generally referred to as complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS). Unfortunately this CRPS I has become a catch all phase and there are serious questions on whether it exist at all; this has led to an extraordinary number of poorly defined diagnostic criteria...
September 23, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
Arvinder Grover, Jonathan J Nicholson, Johannes M Huitink, Bernhard Riedel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Anesthesiology Clinics
Laura Taillebois, Christine Dudgeon, Safia Maher, David A Crook, Thor M Saunders, Diane P Barton, Jonathan A Taylor, David J Welch, Stephen J Newman, Michael J Travers, Richard J Saunders, Jennifer Ovenden
Thirty-four microsatellite loci were isolated from three reef fish species; golden snapper Lutjanus johnii, blackspotted croaker Protonibea diacanthus and grass emperor Lethrinus laticaudis using a next generation sequencing approach. Both IonTorrent single reads and Illumina MiSeq paired-end reads were used, with the latter demonstrating a higher quality of reads than the IonTorrent. From the 1-1.5 million raw reads per species, we successfully obtained 10-13 polymorphic loci for each species, which satisfied stringent design criteria...
2016: PeerJ
Jürgen Margraf, Silvia Schneider
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: EMBO Molecular Medicine
Dunja Peko, Marin Vodanović
Roman city Cibalae (Vinkovci) - the birthplace of Roman emperors Valentinian I and Valens was a very well developed urban ares in the late antique what was evidenced by numerous archaeological findings. The aim of this paper is to get insight in dental health of antique population of Cibalae. One hundred individuals with 2041 teeth dated to 3rd - 5th century AD have been analyzed for caries, antemortem tooth loss, periapical diseases and tooth wear. Prevalence of antemortem tooth loss was 4.3% in males, 5.2% in females...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Maurizio Aceto, Angelo Agostino, Gaia Fenoglio, Ambra Idone, Fabrizio Crivello, Martina Griesser, Franz Kirchweger, Katharina Uhlir, Patricia Roger Puyo
The Coronation Gospels or Krönungsevangeliar is a manuscript kept in Vienna at the Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, datable to the end of VIII century A.D. and produced at Charlemagne court. It is an example of a purple codex, i.e. its parchment is coloured in purple. It has to be considered as one of the most important medieval codices, according to its use to take oath in the coronation ceremony of kings and emperors of the Holy Roman Empire up to 1792. In order to gather information of the manufacture of the manuscript and its present conservation state, a diagnostic investigation campaign has been carried out in situ with totally non-invasive techniques...
January 15, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
David R Montgomery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2016: Science
T Huang, M Z Wu
Guangming (GB37) gained its name before the writing of Huang di Ming Tang Jing (The Yellow Emperor's Mingtang Classic), the earliest work of the art of acupuncture point. However, in acupuncture and moxibustion works before the Song Dynasty, this acupoint was not used to treat eye diseases. In Dou Hanqing's Zhen jiu biao you fu (Song to Elucidate Mysteries in Acupuncture Moxibustion), Guangming was used to treat oculopathy as an alias of Cuanzhu (BL2). Influenced by this, the alias "Guangming" was mistaken as Guangming (GB37) of the Gallbladder Meridian in the Bian que shen ying zhen jiu yu long jing (Bian Que Acupuncture and Moxibustion Jade Dragon Classic) of the Yuan Dynasty, and the symptom of eye itch was added to the indications of Guangming (GB37)...
May 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
Masaki Akatani
Taira no Kiyomori was struck by an unimaginable fever and died in the spring of Jishō Year 5 (1181). In the coup d'état of Jishō Year 3 (1179), Kiyomori ended the Go-shirakawa cloistered government through military force and established the Takakura cloistered government as a puppet regime in the following year. The regime lasted only a short while, however, as the retired Takakura Emperor passed away within less than a year. Kiyomori's death immediately followed the restoration of the Go-shirakawa cloistered government...
March 2016: Nihon Ishigaku Zasshi. [Journal of Japanese History of Medicine]
Richard Balon, Robert Taylor Segraves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
Russel D Andrews, Manfred R Enstipp
To fully understand how diving seabirds and marine mammals balance the potentially conflicting demands of holding their breath while living their lives underwater (and maintaining physiological homeostasis during exercise, feeding, growth, and reproduction), physiological studies must be conducted with animals in their natural environments. The purpose of this article is to review the importance of making physiological measurements on diving animals in field settings, while acknowledging the challenges and highlighting some solutions...
July 12, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
Jun Takahashi, Kimio Satoh, Koji Fukuda, Koichiro Sugimura, Yasuharu Matsumoto, Makoto Nakano, Ryuji Tsuburaya, Tatsuo Aoki, Kiyotaka Hao, Kensuke Nishimiya, Kenta Ito, Yasuhiko Sakata, Hiroaki Shimokawa
The 80(th)Annual Scientific Meeting of the Japanese Circulation Society was held in Sendai, Japan, on March 18-20, 2016, which coincided with the 5(th)anniversary of the Great East Japan Earthquake that hit the Tohoku area on March 11, 2011. Thus, the main themes for this meeting were "The Past, Present and Future of Cardiovascular Medicine in Japan" and "The 5(th)Anniversary of the Great East Japan Earthquake". Despite the provincial location, approximately 15,000 people attended during the 3-day meeting, and there were in-depth discussions in each of the various sessions on these themes...
July 25, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Cornelis Passchier, Gül Sürmelihindi, Christoph Spötl
An inscription on the supporting wall of the inverted siphon of the aqueduct of the ancient Roman city of Patara, SW Turkey, explains how the wall collapsed during an earthquake and was subsequently restored. Carbonate deposits formed inside the aqueduct channel show cyclic stable isotope changes representing 17 years of deposition. This sequence, together with the text of the inscription, allows dating the earthquake to 68 AD and the original inauguration of the aqueduct to the winter of 51/52 AD. Thus, the carbonate deposits represent a high-resolution record of palaeotemperature and precipitation for SW Turkey covering the complete reign of the Emperor Nero...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jianbin Zhang
When classifying and compiling Huangdi Neijing (The Yellow Emperor's Inner Classic), YANG Shangshan had constructed the systematic framework of the meridian-collateral theory. It has been found in the investigation of Huangdi Neijing Taisu (Grand Simplicity of The Yellow Emperor's Inner Classic) that YANG Shangshan constructed the meridian-collateral systematic framework on the foundation of meridian theory. This framework includes two parts. One is the twelve meridians and the other one is the eight extra meridians, in which, the divergent meridians are derived from the regular meridians, and the collaterals, the cutaneous regions of meridians, genjie and biaoben are attributive to the regular meridians...
February 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Bin Liu
Through textual research of the literature on tiny collateral and perforator vessel, the two concep- tions were compared and the similarity was analyzed in terms of definition, anatomical level, quantity, the flow of qi and blood and clinical application, etc. It is considered that the tiny collateral in Neijing (Inner Canon of Yellow Emperor) and the perforator vessel of modern medicine are different names of one physical structure. It is proposed that the combination of the tiny collateral theory of CM and the research findings of perforator vessel of western medicine would deepen the understanding of the tiny structure of human skin and promote the development of both TCM and modern medicine...
March 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Feng Wang, Yuge Qin, Yuheng Qin, Li Li, Mei Li
By analyzing the articles in Huangdi Neijing (Inner Canon of Yellow Emperor), combined with the verification of consciousness in vitro in clinic and modern science, it is found Huangdi Neijing has made special requirements of treating spirit for physicians using spirit-qi acupuncture. The physicians consciously use different methods to motivate the spirit of physician and patients, especially patients, to transform it to the physiological effect of patients, which could minimize the psychological factors that make negative influence on treatment; also the psychotherapy is considered as the most important principle of treating spirit...
March 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
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