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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886860/diagnosing-the-kaiser-psychiatry-wilhelm-ii-and-the-question-of-german-war-guilt-the-william-bynum-prize-essay-2016
#1
David Freis
After his abdication in November 1918, the German emperor Wilhelm II continued to haunt the minds of his people. With the abolition of the lese-majesty laws in the new republic, many topics that were only discussed privately or obliquely before could now be broached openly. One of these topics was the mental state of the exiled Kaiser. Numerous psychiatrists, physicians and laypeople published their diagnoses of Wilhelm in high-circulation newspaper articles, pamphlets, and books shortly after the end of the war...
July 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886701/-textual-research-on-the-medical-books-of-liao-dynasty-with-extant-titles
#2
X Z Yang
There are only 3 extant medical book titles from 2 authors of the Liao Dynasty, from which almost no medical books were handed down; these include Zhi lu gu mai jue ( Zhilugu's Pulse Study in Verse ), Zhi lu gu zhen jiu shu ( Zhilugu's Book of Acu-moxibustion ) and Medical Book on Pulse and Prescriptions Translated by Yelü Shucheng . The former two books are written by Zhilugu during the reign of Taizong Emperor (927-947) of the Liao Dynasty, and the last one, by Yelü Shucheng during the reign of Xingzong Emperor (1031-1055) of the Liao Dynasty...
January 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886695/-the-woodcarving-three-emperors-and-sun-simiao-s-portrait-and-the-system-of-sacrifice-to-three-emperors
#3
R Y Hou
"The Woodcarving Three Emperors and Sun Simiao's Portrait" of the Ming Dynasty preserved at the Chinese Museum for History of Medicine is the historical witness of the System of Sacrifice to Three Emperors. The "Three Emperors" are original ancestors of Chinese nation. In the Song and Jin Dynasties, they were gradually regarded as an ancestor of traditional Chinese medicine with a single entity and the father of medicine by medical practitioners. Until the Yuan Dynasty, side by side with the medical schools nationwide, the government regarded the "Three Emperors" as Medical Immortals set up the Temple of Three Emperors, and held two yearly national festivals in the spring and autumn, respectively, thus creating the System of Sacrifice to Three Emperors...
January 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688758/assessment-of-medical-devices-the-emperor-s-new-clothes
#4
Alain Braillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688753/assessment-of-medical-devices-the-emperor-s-new-clothes-author-reply
#5
Ricky A Sharma, Lucio Fumi, Riccardo A Audisio, Alban Denys, Bradford J Wood, Francesco Pignatti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687788/new-records-of-philometrids-nematoda-philometridae-from-marine-fishes-off-australia-including-description-of-four-new-species-and-erection-of-digitiphilometroides-gen-n
#6
Frantisek Moravec, Diane P Barton
The following six species of the Philometridae (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) were recorded from marine fishes off the northern coast of Australia in 2015 and 2016: Philometra arafurensis sp. n. and Philometra papillicaudata sp. n. from the ovary and the tissue behind the gills, respectively, of the emperor red snapper Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier); Philometra mawsonae sp. n. and Dentiphilometra malabarici sp. n. from the ovary and the tissue behind the gills, respectively, of the Malabar blood snapper Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch et Schneider); Philometra sp...
April 16, 2018: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684698/biophysical-characterization-of-aptenodytes-forsteri-cytochrome-p450-aromatase
#7
Francisco Zarate-Perez, Jesús B Velázquez-Fernández, Gareth K Jennings, Lisa S Shock, Charles E Lyons, John C Hackett
Cytochrome P450 19 (CYP19, aromatase) catalyzes the conversion of androgens to estrogens in a sequence of three reactions that each depend on NADPH and O2 . Aromatase is a phylogenetically-ancient enzyme and its breadth of expression in other species has highlighted distinct physiological functions. In songbirds, estrogen production is required for programming the neural circuits controlling song and in the determination of sex in fish and reptiles. This work describes the expression, purification, and biophysical characterization of Aptenodytes forsteri (Emperor penguin, af) aromatase...
July 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681632/firsts-surgical-care-of-mexican-children-in-the-nineteenth-century
#8
Manuel Antonio Baeza-Bacab
Here, two papers are presented, which constitute the first reports of surgical procedures in Mexican children performed at the 19th century. The two publications refer to surgical operations for the extraction of bladder stones. At that time, there was no anesthesia, so part of the description alludes to the suffering of the patients and the operative difficulties. The first case, is referred to as a lithotomy in a 17-year-old girl, performed by surgeon José Victoriano Guerrero in Guadalajara in 1822. The publication is not an academic report, but a pamphlet written as a gift to Emperor Augustin I to celebrate his ascension to the throne...
2018: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622242/editorial-commentary-the-anterolateral-ligament-the-emperor-s-new-clothes
#9
EDITORIAL
Andy Williams
In the following editorial commentary, the lateral soft tissues responsible for resisting the pivot shift phenomenon with the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are considered. The recent history of the anterolateral ligament (ALL) has led to rapid adoption of surgical techniques that have often not been investigated with scientific due process. A step-by-step approach starts with biomechanical testing to establish the anatomy and biomechanical characteristics of soft tissue structures and questions the importance of the ALL and proposes a more important role for the iliotibial band (ITB) passing between attachments to the distal lateral femur and tibia...
April 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621333/influenza-a-virus-recovery-diversity-and-intercontinental-exchange-a-multi-year-assessment-of-wild-bird-sampling-at-izembek-national-wildlife-refuge-alaska
#10
Andrew B Reeves, Jeffrey S Hall, Rebecca L Poulson, Tyrone Donnelly, David E Stallknecht, Andrew M Ramey
Western Alaska is a potential point-of-entry for foreign-origin influenza A viruses (IAVs) into North America via migratory birds. We sampled waterfowl and gulls for IAVs at Izembek National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in western Alaska, USA, during late summer and autumn months of 2011-2015, to evaluate the abundance and diversity of viruses at this site. We collected 4842 samples across five years from 25 species of wild birds resulting in the recovery, isolation, and sequencing of 172 IAVs. With the intent of optimizing sampling efficiencies, we used information derived from this multi-year effort to: 1) evaluate from which species we consistently recover viruses, 2) describe viral subtypes of isolates by host species and year, 3) characterize viral gene segment sequence diversity with respect to host species, and assess potential differences in the viral lineages among the host groups, and 4) examine how evidence of intercontinental exchange of IAVs relates to host species...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564229/heavy-metal-bioaccumulation-in-commercial-lethrinidae-fish-species-in-mauritius
#11
Bhanoo Saulick, Vishwakalyan Bhoyroo, Nadeem Nazurally, Bhanooduth Lalljee
Concentrations of heavy metals arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury and trace elements chromium, copper, nickel and zinc were tested in the muscle tissue of four commercial edible lethrinids fish species from different region of Mauritius. Sky emperor ( Lethrinus mahsena ) was collected from coastal regions as well as offshore regions (banks) for this study. Blackspot emperor ( Lethrinus harak ) and spangled emperor ( Lethrinus nebulosus ) were also studied for their popularity in the fish market. Condition factor was calculated for each fish and the highest value obtained was in Lethrinus mahsena collected from offshore regions (2...
October 20, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532288/dizziness-and-vertigo-syndromes-viewed-with-a-historical-eye
#12
Doreen Huppert, Thomas Brandt
Seasickness, fear of heights, and adverse effects of alcohol were the major areas where descriptions of vertigo and dizziness were found in Roman, Greek, and Chinese texts from about 730 BC-600 AD. A few detailed accounts were suggestive of specific vestibular disorders such as Menière's attacks (Huangdi Neijing, the Yellow Thearch's Classic of Internal Medicine) or vestibular migraine (Aretaeus of Cappadocia). Further, the etymological and metaphorical meanings of the terms and their symptoms provide fascinating historical insights, e...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503030/crozier-s-penguin-an-object-history-of-maritime-and-museum-science
#13
Diarmid A Finnegan
In November 1843 John Cassidy, curator in the Belfast Museum received, perhaps rather dolefully, a collection of bird skins. The Museum was barely managing to cope with the constant flow of donations from the 'four quarters of the globe'. But the gift of bird skins could not be ignored. Sent by Captain Francis Crozier, recently returned from the British Antarctic Expedition, the bequest contained 150 species of Southern Ocean birds, including the remains of two immature 'great penguins'. Taking the one surviving specimen as a focal point, this paper compares and contrasts the ways in which Aptenodytes forsteri, or the emperor penguin, was differently scripted on board ship and in the museum...
March 2018: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482294/urolithiasis-from-the-point-of-view-of-the-head-physician-of-ottoman-emperors-ahi-ahmed-%C3%A3-elebi
#14
Ayşe Balat, Ahmet Aciduman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473366/-study-on-the-white-channel-system-carved-on-the-wooden-acupoint-figurine-of-laoguanshan-comments-on-lacquer-coating-acupoint-figure
#15
Chengzhong Liu
There are two systems as the red channel system and the white channel system carved or painted on the wooden figurine of Laoguanshan of Benque school. The two systems are horizontally staggered each other without overlapped. The red channel system, similar to Shuangbaoshan wooden figurine, have channels, but without points. For the white channel system, the running courses of channels result from the sensation distributions of the points after optional stimulation. The Laoguanshan wooden figurine focuses on the illustration of the white channel system, named as white channel figurine...
February 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468035/cryptic-species-and-parallel-genetic-structuring-in-lethrinid-fish-implications-for-conservation-and-management-in-the-southwest-indian-ocean
#16
Amy J E Healey, Niall J McKeown, Amy L Taylor, Jim Provan, Warwick Sauer, Gavin Gouws, Paul W Shaw
Analysis of genetic variation can provide insights into ecological and evolutionary diversification which, for commercially harvested species, can also be relevant to the implementation of spatial management strategies and sustainability. In comparison with other marine biodiversity hot spots, there has been less genetic research on the fauna of the southwest Indian Ocean (SWIO). This is epitomized by the lack of information for lethrinid fish, which support socioeconomically important fisheries in the region...
February 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405180/-on-the-occasion-of-the-200th-birthday-anniversary-of-d-e-min
#17
Yu I Pigolkin
This article is dedicated to the memory of the outstanding Russian forensic doctor and literary figure professor D.E. Min on the occasion of his 200th birthday anniversary. The assignment of D.E. Min to the position of the head of Department of the State Medical Practice at the Emperor's Moscow University coincided with the large-scale judiciary reform carried out in the country at that time which envisaged, among other innovations, the practice of questioning of an expert in the court room. The new developments in the practical expert activities required the revision of the former approaches to the education and training of forensic medical experts...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395537/phylogenetic-classification-of-six-novel-species-belonging-to-the-genus-bifidobacterium-comprising-bifidobacterium-anseris-sp-nov-bifidobacterium-criceti-sp-nov-bifidobacterium-imperatoris-sp-nov-bifidobacterium-italicum-sp-nov-bifidobacterium-margollesii-sp
#18
Gabriele Andrea Lugli, Marta Mangifesta, Sabrina Duranti, Rosaria Anzalone, Christian Milani, Leonardo Mancabelli, Giulia Alessandri, Francesca Turroni, Maria Cristina Ossiprandi, Douwe van Sinderen, Marco Ventura
Six Bifidobacterium strains, i.e., Goo31D, Ham19E, Rab10A, Tam1G, Uis4E and Uis1B, were isolated from domestic goose (Anser domesticus), European hamster (Cricetus cricetus), European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), emperor tamarin (Saguinus imperator) and pygmy marmoset (Callithrix pygmaea). Cells are Gram-positive, non-motile, non-sporulating, facultative anaerobic and fructose 6-phosphate phosphoketolase-positive. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA, ITS-, multilocus- sequences and the core genome revealed that bifidobacterial strains Goo31D, Ham19E, Rab10A, Tam1G, Uis4E and Uis1B exhibit close phylogenetic relatedness with Bifidobacterium choerinum LMG 10510, Bifidobacterium hapali DSM 100202, Bifidobacterium saguini DSM 23967 and Bifidobacterium stellenboschense DSM 23968...
May 2018: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390951/the-death-of-the-byzantine-emperor-john-ii-komnenos-1087-1143
#19
Konstantinos Markatos, Anastasia Papaioannou, Marianna Karamanou, Georgios Androutsos
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to give a brief account of the life of John II Komnenos, his reign and to clarify the events and causes surrounding his death. METHODS: A thorough search of the literature was undertaken in PubMed and Google Scholar as well as in history books through the internet and in History and Medical University libraries. RESULTS: The death of the king cannot be attributed to poisoning from an injured hand by arrow poison...
April 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364395/searching-for-neurological-diseases-in-the-julio-claudian-dynasty-of-the-roman-empire
#20
Carlos Henrique Ferreira Camargo, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive
The gens Julia was one of the oldest families in ancient Rome, whose members reached the highest positions of power. They made history because Julius Caesar, perpetual dictator, great-uncle of the first emperor, Augustus, passed his name on to the Julio-Claudian dynasty with the emperors Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius and Nero. Descriptions of the diseases of these emperors and some of his family members may indicate diagnoses such as epilepsy, dystonia, dementia, encephalitis, neurosyphilis, peripheral neuropathies, dyslexia, migraine and sleep disorders...
January 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
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