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Hypertension older adult

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936049/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-dry-eye-symptoms-in-a-saudi-arabian-population
#1
Abdulaziz A Alshamrani, Abdulwahab S Almousa, Abdulrahman A Almulhim, Abdullah A Alafaleq, Mohammed B Alosaimi, Abdulrahman M Alqahtani, Ammar M Almulhem, Mohammed A Alshamrani, Ahmad H Alhallafi, Ismail Z Alqahtani, Abdullah A Alshehri
BACKGROUND: The information about dry eye epidemiology in Saudi Arabia is few in literature. PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence and identify determinants of dry eye symptoms (DES) in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Using a multi-stage proportionate sampling technique, Saudis of both genders from 6 urban and 4 rural Primary Health Care centers in Al-Ahsa were enrolled. They were interviewed to gather data on sociodemography, symptoms of dry eye, factors potentially related to dry eye, and chronic comorbidities...
April 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932106/out-of-pocket-costs-and-adherence-to-antihypertensive-agents-among-older-adults-covered-by-the-public-drug-insurance-plan-in-quebec
#2
Raymond Milan, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Samantha Gontijo Guerra, Djamal Berbiche
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of patient out-of-pocket costs on adherence to antihypertensive agents (AHA) in community-dwelling older adults covered by the public drug insurance plan in Quebec. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from the "Étude sur la santé des aînés" study (2005-2008) on community-dwelling older adults in Quebec aged 65 years and older (N=2,811). The final sample included 881 participants diagnosed with arterial hypertension and treated with AHA...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929608/the-importance-of-frequent-return-visits-and-hypertension-control-among-us-young-adults-a-multidisciplinary-group-practice-observational-study
#3
Cecile C King, Christie M Bartels, Elizabeth M Magnan, Jennifer T Fink, Maureen A Smith, Heather M Johnson
Young adults (aged 18 to 39 years) have the lowest hypertension control rates compared with older adults. Shorter follow-up encounter intervals are associated with faster hypertension control rates in older adults; however, optimal intervals are unknown for young adults. The study objective was to evaluate the relationship between ambulatory blood pressure encounter intervals (average number of provider visits with blood pressures over time) and hypertension control rates among young adults with incident hypertension...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927394/laboratory-markers-of-cardiac-and-metabolic-complications-after-generalized-tonic-clonic-seizures
#4
Robert D Nass, Sina Meiling, René P Andrié, Christian E Elger, Rainer Surges
BACKGROUND: Generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) frequently lead to emergency inpatient referrals. Laboratory blood values are routinely performed on admission to detect underlying causes and metabolic or cardiac complications. Our goal was to assess the nature and frequency of complications occurring in association with GTCS. METHODS: We retrospectively extracted data from emergency protocols and discharge letters of adult patients admitted to the Department of Epileptology between 01/2010 and 06/2015...
September 19, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923171/potential-early-biomarkers-of-sarcopenia-among-independent-older-adults
#5
Ana Coto Montes, José Antonio Boga, Carlos Bermejo Millo, Adrián Rubio González, Yaiza Potes Ochoa, Ignacio Vega Naredo, Marta Martínez Reig, Luis Romero Rizos, Pedro Manuel Sánchez Jurado, Juan Jose Solano, Pedro Abizanda, Beatriz Caballero
OBJECTIVES: There are no tools or biomarkers for a quantitative analysis of sarcopenia. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of the diagnosis of sarcopenia in 200 independent adults aged 70 years or over. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Sarcopenia was defined as loss of muscle mass together with low strength and/or loss of physical performance. We considered different clinical parameters and assayed potential blood biomarkers (cell energetic metabolism, muscle performance, inflammation, infection and oxidative stress)...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919912/the-isfahan-comprehensive-elderly-study-objectives-research-design-methodology-and-preliminary-results
#6
Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi
BACKGROUND: This paper presents the objectives, research design, methodology, and primary findings of the Isfahan Comprehensive Elderly Study (ICES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 603 elderly persons (aged 60 and over) were selected by multistage cluster sampling method from Isfahan, Iran, in 2016 comprehensive questionnaires along with a detailed interview were used to collect information on personal, family, socioeconomic, health and social services characteristics, life styles, physical illnesses and chronic diseases, mental, emotional and cognition disorders, quality of life, disabilities, sleep quality, social supports, life satisfaction, self-efficacy, and of participants...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915227/dietary-sodium-intake-among-us-adults-with-hypertension-1999-2012
#7
Elena V Dolmatova, Kasra Moazzami, Sameer Bansilal
OBJECTIVE: Excess sodium consumption has strong links with hypertension and cardiovascular disease with Food and Drug Association calling to limit sodium intake. However, little is known regarding the trends of sodium intake among hypertensive patients in the United States. METHODS: Data from The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2012) were used to identify adults older than 20 years with self-reported hypertension. Sodium intake was measured through 24-h dietary recall...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912187/pediatric-cardiomyopathies
#8
REVIEW
Teresa M Lee, Daphne T Hsu, Paul Kantor, Jeffrey A Towbin, Stephanie M Ware, Steven D Colan, Wendy K Chung, John L Jefferies, Joseph W Rossano, Chesney D Castleberry, Linda J Addonizio, Ashwin K Lal, Jacqueline M Lamour, Erin M Miller, Philip T Thrush, Jason D Czachor, Hiedy Razoky, Ashley Hill, Steven E Lipshultz
Pediatric cardiomyopathies are rare diseases with an annual incidence of 1.1 to 1.5 per 100 000. Dilated and hypertrophic cardiomyopathies are the most common; restrictive, noncompaction, and mixed cardiomyopathies occur infrequently; and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy is rare. Pediatric cardiomyopathies can result from coronary artery abnormalities, tachyarrhythmias, exposure to infection or toxins, or secondary to other underlying disorders. Increasingly, the importance of genetic mutations in the pathogenesis of isolated or syndromic pediatric cardiomyopathies is becoming apparent...
September 15, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902051/hypertension-in-the-faith-community-a-four-week-nurse-led-diet-exercise-intervention
#9
Saphie S Bangurah, Shellye A Vardaman, Kelli K Cleveland
Inadequate blood pressure (BP) control in hypertension carries a major financial and public health burden. This study examined the efficacy of behavioral and lifestyle changes on BP control among African American adults, aged 55 years and older in a faith-based setting. The study was supported by clergy who helped to engage participants in interventions. Nurse-led diet and exercise teaching with BP monitoring led to lower BP readings over a 4-week intervention.
October 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901337/associations-between-dietary-factors-and-markers-of-nafld-in-a-general-dutch-adult-population
#10
A Rietman, D Sluik, E J M Feskens, F J Kok, M Mensink
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objective of this sudy was to assess the relationship between dietary intake and fatty liver as scored by the validated Fatty Liver Index (FLI) in a large cross-sectional study among a general Dutch adult population. Diet is known to affect liver fat accumulation in humans. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1128 men and women aged 20-70 years were included. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. FLI was derived from body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, triglycerides and gamma-glutamyltransferase...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895493/comparative-health-system-performance-in-six-middle-income-countries-cross-sectional-analysis-using-world-health-organization-study-of-global-ageing-and-health
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Riyadh Alshamsan, John Tayu Lee, Sangeeta Rana, Hasan Areabi, Christopher Millett
Objective To assess and compare health system performance across six middle-income countries that are strengthening their health systems in pursuit of universal health coverage. Design Cross-sectional analysis from the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health, collected between 2007 and 2010. Setting Six middle-income countries: China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa. Participants Nationally representative sample of adults aged 50 years and older. Main outcome measures We present achievement against key indicators of health system performance across effectiveness, cost, access, patient-centredness and equity domains...
September 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880839/differences-between-younger-and-older-us-adults-with-multiple-chronic-conditions
#12
Mary L Adams
INTRODUCTION: Adults with multiple (≥2) chronic conditions (MCCs) account for a large portion of US health care costs. Despite the increase in MCC rates with age, most people with MCCs are working age. The study objective was to compare adults with MCCs who were younger than 65 years with those aged 65 years or older on selected measures to better understand the differences between groups and inform interventions that could lower health care costs. METHODS: Data from respondents to the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data (N = 201,711) were used to compare adults aged 65 or older with MCCs with those younger than 65 with MCCs in unadjusted and adjusted analyses on chronic conditions, quality of life measures, disability status, access to health care, and modifiable risk factors...
September 7, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877254/prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-diabetes-and-impaired-fasting-glucose-in-the-southern-cone-of-latin-america
#13
Vilma Irazola, Adolfo Rubinstein, Lydia Bazzano, Matias Calandrelli, Chen Chung-Shiuan, Natalia Elorriaga, Laura Gutierrez, Fernando Lanas, Jose A Manfredi, Nora Mores, Hector Olivera, Rosana Poggio, Jacqueline Ponzo, Pamela Seron, Jiang He
AIMS: To determine the prevalence, treatment and control of diabetes mellitus (DM) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) as well as associated factors in the adult population of four cities of the Southern Cone of Latin America (SCLA). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional population-based study that included 7407 adults between 35 and 74 years old in four cities of the SCLA: Temuco (Chile), Marcos Paz and Bariloche (Argentina), and Pando-Barros Blancos (Uruguay). DM was defined as fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL or self-reported history of diabetes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871014/prevalence-of-stroke-and-associated-risk-factors-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-from-northeast-china
#14
Fu-Liang Zhang, Zhen-Ni Guo, Yan-Hua Wu, Hao-Yuan Liu, Yun Luo, Ming-Shuo Sun, Ying-Qi Xing, Yi Yang
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies aimed at stroke and its risk factors can help identify persons at higher risk and therefore promote stroke prevention strategies. We aimed to explore the current prevalence of stroke and its associated risk factors in northeast China. DESIGN: Population based cross sectional study. SETTING: Data were collected using a structured precoded questionnaire designed by the Stroke Screening and Prevention Programme of the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China, between January and March 2016...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863199/hypertension-treatment-strategies-for-older-adults
#15
REVIEW
Maggie W Hansell, Emily M Mann, Julienne K Kirk
This evidence-based review illustrates how to adjust treatment for comorbidities and incorporate frailty and cognitive impairment into the equation.
September 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857651/gray-matter-structural-networks-are-associated-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-healthy-older-adults
#16
Shahrzad Kharabian Masouleh, Frauke Beyer, Leonie Lampe, Markus Loeffler, Tobias Luck, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Matthias L Schroeter, Michael Stumvoll, Arno Villringer, A Veronica Witte
While recent 'big data' analyses discovered structural brain networks that alter with age and relate to cognitive decline, identifying modifiable factors that prevent these changes remains a major challenge. We therefore aimed to determine the effects of common cardiovascular risk factors on vulnerable gray matter (GM) networks in a large and well-characterized population-based cohort. In 616 healthy elderly (258 women, 60-80 years) of the LIFE-Adult-Study, we assessed the effects of obesity, smoking, blood pressure, markers of glucose and lipid metabolism as well as physical activity on major GM-networks derived using linked independent component analysis...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844608/risk-factors-for-the-occurrence-of-epistaxis-prospective-study
#17
Filipa Camacho Côrte, Tiago Orfao, Cláudia Camila Dias, Carla Pinto Moura, Margarida Santos
OBJECTIVE: Analyse and compare the characteristics of patients with epistaxis admitted to the otolaryngology emergency department with those provided by a control group. Establish a model to identify epistaxis predictive factors. METHODS: Prospective analysis of 283 consecutive adults, admitted to the otolaryngology emergency department of a tertiary referral centre between 25 January and 25 February 2014. Comparison of gender, age, co-morbidities, usual medication, history of epistaxis or nasal trauma, presence of septal deviation and blood pressure value on admission, between the elements that were admitted to the emergency due to epistaxis (group 1) and a group composed of patients with other symptoms (group 2)...
August 22, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843449/functional-reach-of-older-adults-normative-reference-values-based-on-new-and-published-data
#18
Richard W Bohannon, Leslie I Wolfson, William B White
OBJECTIVES: To provide normative reference values for the standing functional reach test for older adults. DESIGN: Observational study and meta-analysis of data from published studies. SETTING: Clinical Research Center. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults: 199 hypertensive from INFINITY study and 7535 from consolidation of INFINITY and 20 other studies. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Functional reach. RESULTS: The mean (standard deviation) for functional reach for the hypertensive older adults was 27...
April 4, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842623/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-stroke-in-middle-aged-and-older-chinese-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#19
Yong Gan, Jiang Wu, Shengchao Zhang, Liqing Li, Xiaoxv Yin, Yanhong Gong, Chulani Herath, Naomie Mkandawire, Yanfeng Zhou, Xingyue Song, Xiaozhou Zeng, Wenzhen Li, Qiaoyan Liu, Chang Shu, Zhihong Wang, Zuxun Lu
Although the prevalence of stroke and its risk factors has been widely reported in some Western countries, information on essential stroke parameters is lacking in China, the most populous nation. A community-based cross-sectional study with 8,018 Chinese adults aged ≥40 years was used to determine the prevalence of stroke and associated risk factors. Within the screened population, the prevalence of stroke was 2.21% for both sexes, 1.60% for females, and 3.18% for males. Prevalence increased with age in both sexes (P < 0...
August 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838764/prenatal-growth-and-ckd-in-older-adults-longitudinal-findings-from-the-helsinki-birth-cohort-study-1924-1944
#20
Johan G Eriksson, Minna K Salonen, Eero Kajantie, Clive Osmond
BACKGROUND: According to the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) hypothesis, several noncommunicable diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and coronary heart disease, have their origins in early life. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has traditionally been assumed to develop as the result of an interaction between genetic and environmental factors, although more recently, the importance of factors present early in life has been recognized. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal birth cohort study...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
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