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Hypertension older adult

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789690/health-promoting-behaviors-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-hypertension-as-compared-to-a-community-control-group
#1
Wenjun Cao, Guoqiang Hou, Chongzheng Guo, Ying Guo, Jianzhong Zheng
Hypertension (HTN) related to health-promoting behaviors (HPB) and quality of life (QOL) in older Chinese has not been clearly identified. We sought to compare the HPB and QOL of elderly adults (aged ≥60) living with HTN in China to a community normotensive control group. Using multistage stratified cluster sampling, a sample of 543 elderly people with HTN and 550 with normotension were randomly selected and asked to complete questionnaires. The Chinese version of the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP-IICR) and The World Health Organization Quality of life-BREF instrument (WHOQOL-BREF) were used to evaluate the HPB and QOL of elderly adults...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782827/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-mild-chronic-renal-failure-in-hiv-infected-patients-influence-of-female-gender-and-antiretroviral-therapy
#2
Marina Pontello Cristelli, Joan Carles Trullàs, Federico Cofán, Naira Rico, Christian Manzardo, Juan Ambrosioni, Josep Lluis Bedini, Asunción Moreno, Fritz Diekmann, Jose Maria Miro
BACKGROUND: In people living with HIV, much is known about chronic kidney disease, defined as a glomerular filtration rate under 60mL/min. However, there is scarce data about prevalence and risk factors for milder impairment (60-89mL/min). OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to assess the influence of sex, antiretroviral therapy, and classical risk factors on the occurrence of mild decreased renal function in a large Spanish cohort of HIV-infected patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional, single center study, including all adult HIV-1-infected patients under antiretroviral treatment with at least two serum creatinine measures during 2014, describing the occurrence of and the risk factors for mildly decreased renal function (eGFR by CKD-EPI creatinine equation of 60-89mL/min)...
May 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781083/the-2017-u-s-hypertension-guidelines-what-is-important-for-older-adults
#3
William C Cushman, Karen C Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780027/relationships-between-functional-fitness-and-cognitive-impairment-in-chinese-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Mei Yang, Yan Guo, Jie Gong, Mengyao Deng, Niannian Yang, Yaqiong Yan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between each functional fitness (FF) domain and cognitive impairment (CI) in Chinese community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: A community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted. SETTING: Participants were selected by multistage stratified random sampling in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, Central China, during December 2015-May 2016. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2096 (1031 male and 1065 female) adults older than 65 years were included in our study...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779987/-prevalence-of-obesity-and-arterial-hypertension-and-their-relationship-with-age-and-gender-in-the-city-of-resistencia-argentina-in-the-years-2008-2014
#5
M E V Bianchi, A M Cusumano, C Torres, N G Rojas, G A Velasco
INTRODUCTION: Obesity (OB) is a global pandemic, which is associated with arterial hypertension (AH). The differences in this relationship according to gender and age remain unclear. The objectives of this study were to establish the prevalence of OB and AH in an adult population, and to determine the risk of AH associated with OB in relationship to gender and age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed using the database of successive cross-sectional studies carried out in 5 city squares in Resistencia (Argentina) during the years 2008-2014...
May 17, 2018: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778251/the-impact-of-group-based-tai-chi-on-health-status-outcomes-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-hypertension
#6
Chunhua Ma, Wei Zhou, Qiubo Tang, Shuling Huang
OBJECTIVES: To test the effects of group-based Tai chi on health-status outcomes among older adults with hypertension. BACKGROUND: A high-quality study exploring the effects of Tai chi on physical and psychosocial health for older adults with hypertension is needed in China. The long-term effects of group-based Tai chi in Chinese older adults with hypertension remain unclear. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted. The group-based Tai chi training and practice were implemented in older adults over six-month...
May 16, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771736/the-role-of-diet-for-prevention-and-management-of-hypertension
#7
Cemal Ozemek, Deepika R Laddu, Ross Arena, Carl J Lavie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Regular consumption of a diet high in sodium, energy dense foods, fat content, refined carbohydrates, added sugar and low in fruits and vegetables contributes to an increased risk of developing hypertension (HTN) and cardiovascular disease. This review aims to provide a synopsis of evidence-based dietary approaches that have been effective in lowering blood pressure (BP) in pre-HTN and individuals with HTN. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent dietary recommendations have emphasized overall dietary patterns and its relation between food and BP...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767806/telephone-support-and-telemonitoring-for-low-income-older-adults
#8
Suyong Jeong, Hanna Choi, Seok Hyun Gwon, Jeongeun Kim
The objective of the current pilot study was to determine whether nurse-led telephone counseling improves health behavior, self-care, and physiological indices for low-income older adults using a telemonitoring system. The control group (n = 15) was provided with weekly health education only, and the intervention group (n = 20) was given additional telephone support by nurses. At baseline and 8 weeks, data on health and self-care behaviors were collected using a self-reported questionnaire, and blood pressure and fasting blood glucose levels were assessed...
May 16, 2018: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767706/associations-between-vigorous-physical-activity-and-chronic-diseases-in-older-adults-a-study-in-13-european-countries
#9
Adilson Marques, Miguel Peralta, Hugo Sarmento, João Martins, Miguel González Valeiro
Background: This study aimed to assess cross-sectional and prospective relationships between vigorous physical activity (VPA) and the risk of major chronic diseases among European older adults. Methods: Participants were 37 524 older adults who responded to the fourth (in 2011) and fifth (in 2013) wave of the SHARE project, from 13 European countries. Participants answered interview questions about the presence of chronic conditions and VPA. The cross-sectional and prospective association between PA and the number of chronic diseases was assessed using logistic regression models...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764380/osteoporosis-diabetes-and-hypertension-are-major-risk-factors-for-mortality-in-older-adults-an-intermediate-report-on-a-prospective-survey-of-1467-community-dwelling-elderly-healthy-pensioners-in-switzerland
#10
Jean-Pierre Gutzwiller, Jean-Pierre Richterich, Zeno Stanga, Urs E Nydegger, Lorenz Risch, Martin Risch
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is an important morbidity factor for ageing populations in developed countries. However, compared to the amount of information available on diabetes and cardiovascular disease, little is known about the direct impact of osteoporosis on general mortality in older age. METHODS: We obtained data from a prospective population-based cohort of pensioners from the SENIORLAB study who were subjectively healthy. The inclusion criteria were an age of at least 60 years and Swiss residence...
May 15, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757919/prevalence-of-ototoxic-medication-use-among-older-adults-in-beaver-dam-wisconsin
#11
Yoonmee Joo, Karen J Cruickshanks, Barbara E K Klein, Ronald Klein, OiSaeng Hong, Margaret Wallhagen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Drug-related ototoxicity may exacerbate presbycusis (age-related hearing loss); yet, few data are available on the prevalence of ototoxic medication use by older adults. The purposes of this study were to assess the impact of aging and ototoxicity on hearing loss, the prevalence of ototoxic medication use, and select characteristics associated with ototoxic medication use among older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using select variables extracted from the baseline and 10-year follow-up assessments of the two population-based epidemiological studies to compare two points in time...
January 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748857/dynamic-of-changes-in-coronary-artery-calcification-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-over-18-months
#12
Helen V Udachkina, Diana S Novikova, Tatiana V Popkova, Irina G Kirillova, Evgenia I Markelova
The coronary artery calcification (CAC) progression may be useful noninvasive predictor of future cardiovascular events (CVE). The progression rate of CAC in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is poorly understood. To assess the dynamic of CAC scores in early RA patients for 18 months, 74 RA adult patients (ACR/EULAR criteria, 2010, duration ≤ 12 months, with moderate/high RA activity, without prior administration of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs or glucocorticoids) were enrolled within the framework of the observational study: women 73%, median age 56 years, median RA duration 6 months, median DAS28[ESR] 5...
May 11, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746946/pneumonic-and-non-pneumonic-exacerbations-in-bronchiectasis-clinical-and-microbiological-differences
#13
Eva Polverino, Edmundo Rosales-Mayor, Mariana Benegas, Rosario Menendez, Victoria Alcaraz-Serrano, Emilio Ansotegui, Beatriz Montull, Rosa María Girón, Carolina Cisneros, Montserrat Vendrell, Gerard Muñoz, María Angeles Marcos, Marcelo Sanchez, Antoni Torres
OBJECTIVES: Despite the clinical relevance of exacerbations in bronchiectasis (BE), little is known about the microbiology and outcomes of pneumonic (CAP) vs. non-pneumonic (NOCAP) exacerbations. METHODS: This study compares clinical and microbiological characteristics of CAP vs. NOCAP in adults with BE. We performed a multicenter prospective observational study of consecutive cases of NOCAP and CAP from four Spanish hospitals (2011-2015). RESULTS: We recruited 144 patients, 47 of them CAP (33%) cases...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743327/mid-upper-arm-circumference-calf-circumference-and-mortality-in-chinese-long-term-care-facility-residents-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Chien-Hsiang Weng, Chia-Ping Tien, Chia-Ing Li, Abby L'Heureux, Chiu-Shong Liu, Chih-Hsueh Lin, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Shih-Wei Lai, Ming-May Lai, Wen-Yuan Lin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), calf circumference (CC) and all-cause mortality in a Chinese population. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Eight long-term care facilities in central Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 329 residents age 60 years and older (median 79.0 years, range 60-101; 139 men, 190 women) were enrolled. METHODS: Anthropometrics and metabolic parameters were measured at the time of enrolment to the study...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742752/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations-of-systolic-blood-pressure-with-quality-of-life-and-depressive-mood-in-older-adults-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-results-from-the-observational-diast-chf-study
#15
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Thomas Meyer, Alexandra Bosbach, Mira L Chavanon, Lina Hassoun, Frank Edelmann, Rolf Wachter
OBJECTIVE: While diagnosed arterial hypertension and antihypertensive medication usually have an adverse impact on quality of life, recent studies suggest that actual blood pressure may be positively related to better well-being. However, data in older patients with cardiovascular risk factors are lacking, for whom such an association may be of particular relevance. METHODS: In 1,300 study participants with cardiovascular risk factors aged 50-85 years (51.5% men, mean age 65...
April 27, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737195/illness-representations-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-and-self-management-behaviors-in-older-adults-a-pilot-study
#16
Allison R Heid, Rachel Pruchno, Maureen Wilson-Genderson
This article explores the intraindividual variability in illness representations of people with multiple chronic conditions and examines how representations of hypertension and arthritis are associated with self-management. Intraclass correlations determined the proportion of within-person variability in illness representations including Timeline, Consequences, Personal Control, and Timeline-Cyclical for 25 adults aged 64 and older. Within-person consistency across illnesses was present for Timeline and Timeline-Cyclical, but variability across illnesses in Personal Control and Consequences...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736755/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-diagnosis-of-chronic-medical-conditions-in-the-usa
#17
Eun Ji Kim, Taekyu Kim, Joseph Conigliaro, Jane M Liebschutz, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Amresh D Hanchate
BACKGROUND: There exist racial and ethnic disparities in the prevalence of chronic medical illnesses. However, it is unclear if the disparities arise from patients' self-reported estimates on these diseases and whether there is an association between healthcare utilization and diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To estimate national racial/ethnic prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, and kidney disease and identify characteristics associated with undiagnosed diseases...
May 7, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716848/worsening-of-the-cardiovascular-profile-in-a-developing-country-the-greater-beirut-area-cardiovascular-cohort
#18
Hussain A Isma'eel, Mohamad M Almedawar, Juliana Breidy, Mona Nasrallah, Nancy Nakhoul, Youssef Mouneimne, Lara Nasreddine, Nathalie Khoueiry-Zgheib, Mohamad Abiad, Hani Tamim
BACKGROUND: Lebanon has no established governmental noncommunicable diseases surveillance and monitoring system to permit reporting on noncommunicable diseases rates. The last World Health Organization-supported surveillance report showed worrying trends in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. OBJECTIVES: A cardiovascular cohort was established to permit CVD outcomes studies in an urban sample in the Lebanese capital and the study in hand presents the baseline CVD risk factors of this cohort...
April 28, 2018: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716786/systemic-and-ocular-determinants-of-peripapillary-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-measurements-in-the-european-eye-epidemiology-e3-population
#19
Matthias M Mauschitz, Pieter W M Bonnemaijer, Kersten Diers, Franziska G Rauscher, Tobias Elze, Christoph Engel, Markus Loeffler, Johanna Maria Colijn, M Arfan Ikram, Johannes R Vingerling, Katie M Williams, Christopher J Hammond, Catherine Creuzot-Garcher, Alain M Bron, Rufino Silva, Sandrina Nunes, Cécile Delcourt, Audrey Cougnard-Grégoire, Frank G Holz, Caroline C W Klaver, Monique M B Breteler, Robert P Finger
PURPOSE: To investigate systemic and ocular determinants of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (pRNFLT) in the European population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional meta-analysis. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 16 084 European adults from 8 cohort studies (mean age range, 56.9±12.3-82.1±4.2 years) of the European Eye Epidemiology (E3) consortium. METHODS: We examined associations with pRNFLT measured by spectral-domain OCT in each study using multivariable linear regression and pooled results using random effects meta-analysis...
April 28, 2018: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712611/the-development-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#20
Don K Nakayama
Evolving from the development of heart-lung machines for open-heart surgery, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has reemerged as a rescue modality for patients with acute respiratory failure that cannot be supported by conventional modes of ventilation. The history of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation begins with the discovery of heparin, fundamental to the success of extracorporeal circulation and membrane lungs. Engineers and scientists created suitable artificial membranes that allowed gas exchange while keeping gas and blood phases separate...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
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