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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222534/a-meta-analysis-of-memantine-for%C3%A2-depression
#1
Taro Kishi, Shinji Matsunaga, Nakao Iwata
We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on whether memantine was beneficial for the treatment of depressive symptoms in major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). The analysis included double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials of memantine in MDD and BD. The primary outcome measures for efficacy and safety were response rate and all-cause discontinuation, respectively. Risk ratio (RR) and standardized mean difference with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222425/post-finasteride-adverse-effects-in-male-androgenic-alopecia-a-case-report-of-vitiligo
#2
Ion G Motofei, David L Rowland, Simona R Georgescu, Mircea Tampa, Stana Paunica, Vlad D Constantin, Cristian Balalau, Mirela Manea, Bogdan C Baleanu, Ioanel Sinescu
Finasteride has proved to be relatively safe and effective in the therapeutic management of male androgenic alopecia. However, literature data report several endocrine imbalances inducing various adverse effects, which often persist after treatment cessation in the form of post-finasteride syndrome. Here we present the case of a 52-year-old man receiving finasteride (1 mg/day) who developed an uncommon adverse effect represented by generalized vitiligo 2 months after finasteride discontinuation. Associated adverse effects encountered were represented by mild sexual dysfunction (as determined by the International Index of Erectile Function, IIEF) and moderate depressive symptoms (according to DSM-V criteria), all of these manifestations aggregating within/as a possible post-finasteride syndrome...
February 22, 2017: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222360/maintenance-therapy-with-second-generation-antipsychotics-for-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Leif Lindström, Eva Lindström, Mikael Nilsson, Malin Höistad
BACKGROUND: Second generations antipsychotics (SGA) are frequently used for maintenance treatment in bipolar disorder. We systematically reviewed the efficacy and long-term effects of treatment with SGA, regardless of treatment strategy (SGA administered either as monotherapy or as adjunctive therapy), in comparison to placebo, lithium or valproate. Primary outcomes were relapses (mood episode recurrence) and discontinuation. METHOD: Clinical studies were identified through database searching in PubMed, Embase, PsychInfo and Cochrane Library and critically appraised based on the Cochrane Handbook...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222322/reversal-of-dabigatran-associated-major-bleeding-with-activated-prothrombin-concentrate-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Sam Schulman, B Ritchie, S Nahirniak, P L Gross, M Carrier, A Majeed, H-G Hwang, M Zondag
The reversal of dabigatran-associated major bleeding can now be achieved with the antidote idarucizumab. We evaluated activated prothrombin complex concentrate (aPCC) as an alternative for this purpose. Patients treated with dabigatran and suffering a major bleed were treated as per existing hospital protocol with aPCC. They were subsequently recruited for a 30-day follow-up. Effectiveness was evaluated by the treating physician, using an Assessment Guide. Safety outcomes were arterial or venous thromboembolism or death...
February 16, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222259/band-alignment-at-gan-single-layer-wse2-interface
#5
Malleswararao Tangi, Pawan Mishra, Chien-Chih Tseng, Tien Khee Ng, Mohamed Nejib Hedhili, Dalaver H Anjum, Mohd Sharizal Alias, Nini Wei, Lain-Jong Li, Boon S Ooi
We study the band discontinuity at the GaN/single-layer (SL) WSe2 heterointerface. The GaN thin layer is epitaxially grown by molecular beam epitaxy on chemically vapor deposited SL-WSe2/c-sapphire. We confirm that the WSe2 was formed as an SL from structural and optical analyses using atomic force microscopy, scanning transmission electron microscopy, micro-Raman, absorbance, and micro-photoluminescence spectra. The determination of band offset parameters at the GaN/SL-WSe2 heterojunction is obtained by high-resolution x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, electron affinities and the electronic bandgap values of SL-WSe2 and GaN...
February 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222235/visual-appearance-of-a-virtual-upper-limb-modulates-the-temperature-of-the-real-hand-a-thermal-imaging-study-in-immersive-virtual-reality
#6
G Tieri, A Gioia, M Scandola, E F Pavone, S M Aglioti
To explore the link between Sense of Embodiment (SoE) over a virtual hand and physiological regulation of skin temperature, twenty-four healthy participants were immersed in virtual reality through a Head Mounted Display and had their real limb temperature recorded by means of a high-sensitivity infrared camera. Participants observed a virtual right upper limb (appearing either normally, or with the hand detached from the forearm) or limb-shaped non-corporeal control objects (continuous or discontinuous wooden blocks) from a first-person perspective...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222230/evaluation-of-adherence-predictors-for-the-treatment-of-moderate-to-severe-psoriasis-with-biologics-the-importance-of-physician-patient-interaction-and-communication
#7
I Zschocke, C Ortland, K Reich
BACKGROUND: Treatment efficacy of biologic agents in moderate to severe psoriasis is regarded as high with patient adherence being higher than for traditional therapies. However, use of biologics is connected to high discontinuation rates. The current investigator-initiated study was conducted to improve the understanding of adherence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was designed as non-interventional retrospective multicentre trial in Germany. Questionnaires were developed based on the adherence dimensions identified by the World Health Organisation, WHO...
February 21, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222119/revised-hammersmith-scale-for-spinal-muscular-atrophy-a-sma-specific-clinical-outcome-assessment-tool
#8
Danielle Ramsey, Mariacristina Scoto, Anna Mayhew, Marion Main, Elena S Mazzone, Jacqueline Montes, Roberto de Sanctis, Sally Dunaway Young, Rachel Salazar, Allan M Glanzman, Amy Pasternak, Janet Quigley, Elizabeth Mirek, Tina Duong, Richard Gee, Matthew Civitello, Gihan Tennekoon, Marika Pane, Maria Carmela Pera, Kate Bushby, John Day, Basil T Darras, Darryl De Vivo, Richard Finkel, Eugenio Mercuri, Francesco Muntoni
Recent translational research developments in Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA), outcome measure design and demands from regulatory authorities require that clinical outcome assessments are 'fit for purpose'. An international collaboration (SMA REACH UK, Italian SMA Network and PNCRN USA) undertook an iterative process to address discontinuity in the recorded performance of the Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale Expanded and developed a revised functional scale using Rasch analysis, traditional psychometric techniques and the application of clinical sensibility via expert panels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221865/cost-effectiveness-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibition-in-braf-wild-type-advanced-melanoma
#9
Christine G Kohn, Simon B Zeichner, Qiushi Chen, Alberto J Montero, Daniel A Goldstein, Christopher R Flowers
Purpose Patients who are diagnosed with stage IV metastatic melanoma have an estimated 5-year relative survival rate of only 17%. Randomized controlled trials of recent US Food and Drug Administration-approved immune checkpoint inhibitors-pembrolizumab (PEM), nivolumab (NIVO), and ipilumumab (IPI)-demonstrate improved patient outcomes, but the optimal treatment sequence in patients with BRAF wild-type metastatic melanoma remains unclear. To inform policy makers about the value of these treatments, we developed a Markov model to compare the cost-effectiveness of different strategies for sequencing novel agents for the treatment of advanced melanoma...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221809/accommodating-high-transformation-strains-in-battery-electrodes-via-formation-of-nanoscale-intermediate-phases-operando-investigation-of-olivine-nafepo4
#10
Kai Xiang, Wenting Xing, Dorthe Bomholdt Ravnsbæk, Liang Hong, Ming Tang, Zheng Li, Kamila M Wiaderek, Olaf J Borkiewicz, Karena W Chapman, Peter J Chupas, Yet-Ming Chiang
Virtually all intercalation compounds exhibit significant changes in unit cell volume as the working ion concentration varies. NaxFePO4 (0<x<1, NFP) olivine, of interest as a cathode for sodium-ion batteries, is a model for topotactic, high strain systems as it exhibits one of the largest discontinuous volume changes (~17% by volume) during its first-order transition between two otherwise isostructural phases. Using synchrotron radiation powder X-ray diffraction (PXD) and pair distribution function (PDF) analysis, we discover a new strain-accommodation mechanism wherein an amorphous phase forms to buffer the large lattice mismatch between primary phases...
February 21, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221250/factors-associated-with-discontinuation-of-anti-tnf-inhibitors-among-persons-with-ibd-a-population-based-analysis
#11
Laura E Targownik, Aruni Tennakoon, Stella Leung, Lisa M Lix, Zoann Nugent, Harminder Singh, Charles N Bernstein
INTRODUCTION: Antitumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) medications are known to be highly efficacious in persons with moderate-to-severe inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). There is a paucity of data from population-based sources to elucidate persistence with these medications in the general population of IBD. Discontinuation of anti-TNF therapy is a marker of lack of effectiveness, intolerance, and patient/physician practice preferences. METHODS: We identified all persons with IBD in Manitoba who were dispensed infliximab (IFX) and adalimumab (ADA) between 2001 and 2014...
March 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220882/eyeblink-rate-watching-classical-hollywood-and-post-classical-mtv-editing-styles-in-media-and-non-media-professionals
#12
Celia Andreu-Sánchez, Miguel Ángel Martín-Pascual, Agnès Gruart, José María Delgado-García
While movie edition creates a discontinuity in audio-visual works for narrative and economy-of-storytelling reasons, eyeblink creates a discontinuity in visual perception for protective and cognitive reasons. We were interested in analyzing eyeblink rate linked to cinematographic edition styles. We created three video stimuli with different editing styles and analyzed spontaneous blink rate in participants (N = 40). We were also interested in looking for different perceptive patterns in blink rate related to media professionalization...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220669/continuing-stories-with-discontinuity
#13
EDITORIAL
Justin J Skowno, Andrew D Weatherall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220512/sofosbuvir-velpatasvir-voxilaprevir-with-or-without-ribavirin-in-daa-experienced-patients-with-genotype-1-hcv
#14
Eric Lawitz, Fred Poordad, Jennifer Wells, Robert H Hyland, Yin Yang, Hadas Dvory-Sobol, Luisa M Stamm, Diana M Brainard, John G McHutchison, Carmen Landaverde, Julio Gutierrez
: The optimal retreatment strategy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1-infected patients who fail direct-acting antiviral (DAA)-based regimens remains unknown. In this phase 2, open-label study conducted at a single center in the United States, patients with HCV genotype 1 infection who previously failed to achieve sustained virologic response on a DAA-based regimen were randomized to receive treatment with a fixed-dose combination tablet of sofosbuvir-velpatasvir-voxilaprevir with or without ribavirin for 12 weeks...
February 21, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220486/cetuximab-plus-irinotecan-versus-panitumumab-in-patients-with-refractory-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-in-ontario-canada
#15
Katarzyna J Jerzak, Scott Berry, Yoo-Joung Ko, Craig Earle, Kelvin K W Chan
The addition of irinotecan to an EGFR antibody has previously been shown to improve tumor response rate and time to progression but not overall survival (OS) for refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). We assessed the "real world" effectiveness and toxicity of the combination versus monotherapy. In Ontario, Canada universal public funding is available for either cetuximab plus irinotecan (Cmab+I) combination therapy or panitumumab (Pmab) monotherapy, only in patients with refractory non-mutated RAS mCRC...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220460/glycemic-control-in-a-real-life-setting-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-treated-with-ideglira-at-a-single-swiss-center
#16
Daniela Sofra
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to describe clinical outcomes in a real-world population of Swiss patients with long-standing, poorly controlled type 2 diabetes after switching to IDegLira [a combination of insulin degludec (IDeg) and liraglutide (Lira)]. METHODS: This was a prospective, open-label, single-center observational follow-up at the Cabinet Medical de Diabétologie, Lausanne, Switzerland, of 61 patients [HbA1c 9.2% (77 mmol/mol) and 56...
February 20, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220380/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-deprescribe-inappropriate-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-older-adults
#17
REVIEW
Tom D Wilsdon, Ivanka Hendrix, Tilenka R J Thynne, Arduino A Mangoni
BACKGROUND: The use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in older adults is high, often inappropriate, and may cause harm. Deprescribing is defined as the reduction, withdrawal, or discontinuation of inappropriate medication. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to determine the effectiveness of interventions to deprescribe inappropriate PPIs in older adults. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global, and Google from inception to January 2017 for randomized and non-randomized studies describing the outcomes of interventions to deprescribe inappropriate PPIs in older adults (mean or median age of ≥65 years)...
February 21, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220235/successful-discontinuation-of-eculizumab-under-immunosuppressive-therapy-in-deap-hus
#18
Agnes Hackl, Rasmus Ehren, Michael Kirschfink, Peter F Zipfel, Bodo B Beck, Lutz T Weber, Sandra Habbig
BACKGROUND: Deficiency of complement factor H-related plasma proteins and complement factor H autoantibody-positive hemolytic uremic syndrome (DEAP-HUS), which is characterized by the deficiency of complement-factor H-related (CFHR) plasma proteins and the subsequent formation of autoantibodies against complement factor H (CFH), has been reported to have an adverse outcome in one third of patients. Therapy options include prompt removal of antibodies by plasma exchange and immunosuppressive therapy...
February 20, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219610/bictegravir-versus-dolutegravir-each-with-emtricitabine-and-tenofovir-alafenamide-for-initial-treatment-of-hiv-1-infection-a-randomised-double-blind-phase-2-trial
#19
Paul E Sax, Edwin DeJesus, Gordon Crofoot, Douglas Ward, Paul Benson, Robin Dretler, Anthony Mills, Cynthia Brinson, Julie Peloquin, Xuelian Wei, Kirsten White, Andrew Cheng, Hal Martin, Erin Quirk
BACKGROUND: All recent treatment guidelines recommend integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) as components of initial HIV therapy. Bictegravir, a novel, once-daily, unboosted INSTI, showed potent activity in a 10 day monotherapy study and has a high in-vitro resistance barrier. On the basis of these results, we did a phase 2 trial comparing bictegravir with dolutegravir. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, phase 2 trial, we recruited previously untreated adults (aged ≥18 years) with HIV-1 infections from 22 outpatient centres in the USA...
February 14, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219485/acute-antipsychotic-treatment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Anne Katrine Pagsberg, Simon Tarp, Dorte Glintborg, Anne Dorte Stenstrøm, Anders Fink-Jensen, Christoph Ulrich Correll, Robin Christensen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the comparative efficacy and safety of antipsychotics for youth with early-onset schizophrenia using network meta-analytic methods combining direct and indirect trial data. METHOD: The authors systematically searched MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, and clinicaltrials.gov and selected randomized controlled trials allocating youth with schizophrenia spectrum disorders to a (non-clozapine) antipsychotic versus placebo or another antipsychotic...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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