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meningococcal review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336924/immunization-of-preterm-infants-with-gsk-s-hexavalent-combined-diphtheria-tetanus-acellular-pertussis-hepatitis-b-inactivated-poliovirus-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-conjugate-vaccine-a-review-of-safety-and-immunogenicity
#1
Felix Omeñaca, Liliana Vázquez, Pilar Garcia-Corbeira, Narcisa Mesaros, Linda Hanssens, Jan Dolhain, Ivonne Puente Gómez, Johannes Liese, Markus Knuf
BACKGROUND: Infants with history of prematurity (<37 weeks gestation) and low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g) are at high risk of infection due to functional immaturity of normal physical and immunological defense mechanisms. Despite current recommendations that infants with history of prematurity/LBW should receive routine immunization according to the same schedule and chronological age as full-term infants, immunization is often delayed. METHODS: Here we summarize 10 clinical studies and 15 years of post-marketing safety surveillance of GSK's hexavalent vaccine (DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib), a combined diphtheria-tetanus-acellular-pertussis-hepatitis-B-inactivated-poliovirus-Haemophilus influenzae-type-b (Hib) conjugate vaccine, when administered alone, or co-administered with pneumococcal conjugate, rotavirus, and meningococcal vaccines and respiratory syncytial virus IgG to infants with history of prematurity/LBW in clinical trials...
January 11, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322575/vaccine-preventable-child-deaths-in-new-south-wales-from-2005-to-2014-how-much-is-preventable
#2
Anastasia Phillips, Frank Beard, Kristine Macartney, Jocelyn Chan, Robin Gilmour, Gemma Saravanos, Peter McIntyre
AIM: To identify and describe potentially vaccine-preventable child deaths in New South Wales (NSW). METHODS: Child deaths in NSW from 2005 to 2014 potentially preventable by vaccination were identified from the NSW Child Death Register (maintained by the NSW Ombudsman) and the Notifiable Conditions Information Management System (NSW Health). Medical and post-mortem records were reviewed. Cases were classified as vaccine-preventable based on the strength of evidence for the relevant infection causing death and likelihood that death was preventable through vaccination...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203096/meningococcal-disease-a-clinical-and-epidemiological-review
#3
REVIEW
Rodrigo Siqueira Batista, Andréia Patrícia Gomes, Jorge Luiz Dutra Gazineo, Paulo Sérgio Balbino Miguel, Luiz Alberto Santana, Lisa Oliveira, Mauro Geller
Meningococcal disease is the acute infection caused by Neisseria meningitidis, which has humans as the only natural host. The disease is widespread around the globe and is known for its epidemical potential and high rates of lethality and morbidity. The highest number of cases of the disease is registered in the semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa. In Brazil, it is endemic with occasional outbreaks, epidemics and sporadic cases occurring throughout the year, especially in the winter. The major epidemics of the disease occurred in Brazil in the 70's caused by serogroups A and C...
November 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176349/epidemiology-of-community-acquired-bacterial-meningitis
#4
Matthijs C Brouwer, Diederik van de Beek
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The epidemiology of bacterial meningitis has been dynamic in the past 30 years following introduction of conjugated vaccines against Haemophilus influenzae type B, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis. The purpose of this review is to describe recent developments in bacterial meningitis epidemiology. RECENT FINDINGS: The incidence of bacterial meningitis in Western countries (Finland, Netherlands, and the United States) gradually declined by 3-4% per year to 0...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094312/meningococcal-quadrivalent-tetanus-toxoid-conjugate-vaccine-menacwy-tt-nimenrix-%C3%A2-a-review
#5
Sohita Dhillon, David Pace
MenACWY-TT (Nimenrix(®)) is a quadrivalent meningococcal tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine licensed in Europe for active immunisation of individuals aged ≥ 6 weeks against invasive disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis capsular groups A, C, W and Y. MenACWY-TT is the first quadrivalent conjugate vaccine to be approved in Europe for use in infants as young as 6 weeks of age. Numerous phase II-IIIb clinical studies showed that intramuscular MenACWY-TT administered as primary or booster vaccination was highly immunogenic for all four vaccine capsular groups and had an acceptable reactogenicity profile in individuals aged 6 weeks to ≥ 56 years...
November 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083344/invasive-meningococcal-disease-on-the-workplaces-a-systematic-review
#6
Matteo Riccò, Luigi Vezzosi, Anna Odone, Carlo Signorelli
Background and aims of the work: Invasive Meningococcal Disease (IMD) represents a global health threat, and occupational settings have the potential to contribute to its spreading. Therefore, here we present the available evidences on the epidemiology of IMD on the workplaces. METHODS: The following key words were used to explore PubMed: Neisseria meningitidis, meningococcus, meningococcal, invasive meningococcal disease, epidemiology, outbreaks, profession(al), occupation(al). RESULTS: We identified a total of 12 IMD cases among healthcare workers (HCW), 44 involving biological laboratory workers (BLW), 8 among school personnel, and eventually 27 from other settings, including 3 large industrial working populations...
October 23, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080366/an-epidemic-of-meningococcal-disease-in-children-in-north-norway-in-the-1970s-and-1980s-was-dominated-by-a-hypervirulent-group-b-strain
#7
Kine Nordheim, Ingunn Holmefoss Hovland, Bjørn Erik Kristiansen, Per Ivar Kaaresen, Trond Flaegstad
AIM: We examined children hospitalised for invasive meningococcal disease, a leading cause of paediatric sepsis, in Troms County, North Norway, from 1973 to 2016, including the epidemic in the 1970s and 1980s. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of children under the age of 15 years who were hospitalised for meningococcal disease at the University Hospital of North Norway and Harstad Hospital. We studied hospital and bacteriological records to determine the incidence rates and phenotypes involved...
October 28, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037978/expected-immunizations-and-health-protection-for-hajj-and-umrah-2018-an-overview
#8
REVIEW
Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Philippe Gautret, Ziad A Memish
BACKGROUND: The annual Hajj and Umrah are one of the largest recurring religious mass gatherings across the globe drawing pilgrims from more than 185 countries. The living circumstances and activities of the pilgrims may create an environment for the occurrence and spread of communicable diseases. Each year, the Health authority of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in coordination with international health authorities, updates health requirements for pilgrims. The Hajj for 2017 took place from August 24 to September 5, 2017...
October 14, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953725/the-functional-angiosome-clinical-implications-of-the-anatomical-concept
#9
G Ian Taylor, Russell J Corlett, Mark W Ashton
BACKGROUND: The angiosome is a three-dimensional block of tissue supplied by a source vessel with its boundary outlined either by an anastomotic perimeter of reduced-caliber choke vessels or by true anastomoses with no reduction of vessel caliber. This article focuses on the role of these anastomotic vessels in defining flap survival or the necrotic pattern seen in fulminating meningococcal septicemia. METHODS: Experiments in pigs, dogs, guinea pigs, and rabbits over the past 46 years were reviewed, focusing on the necrosis line of flaps, the effects of various toxins in vivo, and correlating these results in the clinical setting...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941623/post-licensure-safety-surveillance-study-of-routine-use-of-quadrivalent-meningococcal-diphtheria-toxoid-conjugate-vaccine
#10
J Hansen, L Zhang, N P Klein, C A Robertson, M D Decker, D P Greenberg, E Bassily, R Baxter
BACKGROUND: Menactra® vaccine (MenACWY-D) was licensed in the United States in 2005 for persons 11-55years of age. The aim of this study was to assess the safety of MenACWY-D administered as part of routine clinical care to patients at Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC). METHODS: This was an observational, retrospective study that included all KPNC members who received MenACWY-D during the study period. We monitored all vaccine recipients for non-elective hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and selected outcomes captured in the clinic setting (Bell's palsy, seizures, neuritis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, encephalopathy, encephalitis, epilepsy, transverse myelitis, multiple sclerosis, hypersensitivity reactions, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, diabetes, arthritis, hemolytic anemia, collagen-vascular disease) through 6months after vaccination...
September 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934061/current-safety-issues-with-quadrivalent-meningococcal-conjugate-vaccines
#11
Tanya R Myers, Michael M McNeil
Invasive meningococcal disease, although rare, can present as sudden, life-threatening disease with high risk of mortality or severe long-term sequelae. The main prevention strategy for invasive meningococcal disease in the United States is the routine vaccination of adolescents and other persons at increased risk of meningococcal disease with quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccines. Two such vaccines are currently licensed and available in the United States, Menactra® (Sanofi Pasteur) and Menveo® (Glaxo Smith Kline), and usage in the adolescent population have steadily increased since their introduction...
September 21, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928076/risk-of-invasive-meningococcal-disease-in-university-students-in-england-and-optimal-strategies-for-protection-using-menacwy-vaccine
#12
Sema Mandal, Helen Campbell, Sonia Ribeiro, Steve Gray, Tony Carr, Joanne White, Shamez N Ladhani, Mary E Ramsay
PURPOSE: In August 2015, in response to increasing group W invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) nationally, a MenACWY vaccine programme was introduced in the UK for 13-18year olds. We reviewed the epidemiology of IMD in young adults and university-associated cases in England during 2014-15 academic year and assessed the potential impact of different immunisation strategies. METHODS: Public Health England national enhanced surveillance data were used to describe the epidemiology of IMD cases in 15-24year olds in England during 2014/15...
September 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910968/efficiency-of-antibody-therapy-in-demyelinating-diseases
#13
Tetsuya Akaishi, Ichiro Nakashima
Monoclonal antibody therapy is a new treatment strategy for many types of diseases including cancers and autoimmune diseases, realizing a high efficacy and tolerability. In multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO) spectrum disorders, several monoclonal antibodies have been suggested to decrease the incidence of clinical relapse and the disease activity. In MS, anti-α4 integrin (natalizumab), anti-CD52 (alemtuzumab), anti-CD25 (daclizumab) and anti-CD20 (ocrelizumab) have been shown to effectively reduce the relapses in randomized controlled trials and have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration...
July 1, 2017: International Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892991/neisseria-meningitidis-causing-multiple-cerebral-abscesses-in-early-neonatal-period-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#14
Laxman Basani, Roja Aepala
Neisseria meningitidis is a rare cause of meningitis and septicemia in neonates. There are few published case reports of neonatal meningococcal meningitis complicated by subdural empyema, cerebral abscess and hydrocephalus. Few cases of neonatal meningococcal meningitis have been reported in the literature with none of them having the complication of multiple cerebral abscesses in early neonatal period (<seven days of life). We report a case of meningococcal meningitis with multiple cerebral abscesses which presented on fifth day of life and developed hydrocephalus at five weeks of life requiring a Ventriculo Peritoneal (VP) shunt...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874255/-acute-meningococcal-disease-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
Ulrikka Nygaard, Nadja Hawwa Vissing, Morten Steensen, Christian Østergaard Andersen, Palle Valentiner-Branth, Kaare Engell Lundstrøm, Anja Poulsen
Meningococcal disease is a rapidly progressing infection, which continues to cause deaths among children and adolescents. In this review, clinical signs and initial treatment of acute childhood meningococcal disease is described. Operational flow charts have been developed for assessment of non-blanching rash and initial treatment of meningococcal disease.
September 4, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794096/an-increase-in-accident-and-emergency-presentations-for-adverse-events-following-immunisation-after-introduction-of-the-group-b-meningococcal-vaccine-an-observational-study
#16
Viveka Nainani, Ushma Galal, Jim Buttery, Matthew D Snape
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the introduction of the capsular group B meningococcal vaccine (4CMenB) in the UK has increased presentations of infants to emergency departments with adverse events following immunisation (AEFI). PARTICIPANTS, DESIGN AND SETTING: A retrospective review of hospital records of infants aged 1-6 months presenting to Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust's emergency departments from September 2013 to August 2016 with discharge diagnoses of vaccine reactions or non-specific conditions...
August 9, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770496/serogroup-b-meningococcus-outbreaks-prevalence-and-the-case-for-standard-vaccination
#17
REVIEW
James Grogan, Karen Roos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review explores the history of serogroup B meningitis outbreaks in American universities and the rise of the monovalent serogroup B meningococcus vaccines (MenB). RECENT FINDINGS: Serogroup B meningitis represents 30% of American meningococcal infections and had no commercially available vaccine in the USA until 2013 when the FDA made an expanded allowance for importation of the MenB-4C vaccine for outbreaks at two American universities. Infections of Neisseria meningitidis, notably meningococcal meningitis represent a continued, lethal threat to the pediatric and adolescent populations and those with primary or acquired complement component deficiencies, largely mitigated by the quadrivalent meningococcal conjugated vaccine against serogroups A, C, W, and Y (MenACWY)...
September 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719502/safety-of-quadrivalent-meningococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-children-2-10-years
#18
Sara Yee Tartof, Lina S Sy, Bradley K Ackerson, Rulin C Hechter, Mendel Haag, Jeffrey M Slezak, Yi Luo, Christine A Fischetti, Harp S Takhar, Yan Miao, Zendi Solano, Steven J Jacobsen, Hung-Fu Tseng
BACKGROUND: Quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine is recommended for children, adolescents and adults at increased risk of meningococcal disease. In 2011, MenACWY-CRM (Menveo, GSK, Siena, Italy) was approved for children 2-10 years of age in the United States. Although no safety concerns arose from clinical trials, it remains important to monitor its safety in routine clinical settings. METHODS: Kaiser Permanente Southern California members 2-10 years old who received MenACWY-CRM between September 2011 and September 2014 were included...
November 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652113/early-versus-late-diagnosis-in-community-acquired-bacterial-meningitis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
J Bodilsen, C T Brandt, A Sharew, M Dalager-Pedersen, T Benfield, H C Schønheyder, H Nielsen
OBJECTIVES: To examine clinical characteristics and outcome of patients with late diagnosis of community-acquired bacterial meningitis (CABM). METHODS: We conducted a chart review of all adults with proven CABM in three centres in Denmark from 1998 through to 2014. Patients were categorized as early diagnosis of CABM immediately on admission, or late diagnosis if CABM was not listed in referral or admission records and neither lumbar puncture nor antibiotic therapy for meningitis was considered immediately on admission...
June 24, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633281/the-sweet-side-of-the-pathogenic-neisseria-the-role-of-glycan-interactions-in-colonisation-and-disease
#20
Tsitsi D Mubaiwa, Evgeny A Semchenko, Lauren E Hartley-Tassell, Christopher J Day, Michael P Jennings, Kate L Seib
Glycomics is a rapidly growing field that focuses on the structure and function of carbohydrates (glycans) in biological systems. Glycan interactions play a major role in infectious disease, at all stages of colonisation and disease progression. Neisseria meningitidis, the cause of meningococcal sepsis and meningitis, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which causes the sexually transmitted infection gonorrhoea, are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Neisseria meningitidis displays a range of surface glycosylations including capsule polysaccharide, lipooligosaccharide and O-linked glycoproteins...
July 31, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
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