Read by QxMD icon Read

Rectal carcinoma

Rajender Kumar, Bhagwant Rai Mittal, Anish Bhattacharya, Harmandeep Singh, Shrawan Kumar Singh
The male breast cancer is very less common as compared with the female breast cancer. We report a case of 64-year-old man who presented with the history of lower urinary tract symptoms. The digital rectal examination revealed hard and nodular prostate, and serum prostate-specific antigen level was 23.4 ng/mL. Ga-labeled prostate-specific membrane antigen PET/CT revealed prostate-specific membrane antigen-expressing lesions in the prostate, axillary tail of the right breast, and axillary lymph nodes. Histology from prostate revealed prostate carcinoma, whereas fine-needle aspiration from the breast revealed invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Marilla Dickfos, Stephanie B M Tan, Andrew R L Stevenson, Craig A Harris, Rachel Esler, Matthew Peters, David G Taylor
BACKGROUND: Over one-third of primary rectal cancers are locally advanced at diagnosis, and local recurrence of rectal cancer occurs at a rate of 3-10% following primary curative resection. Extended resectional surgery, including pelvic exenteration, is the only proven therapy with curative potential in the treatment of these cancers along with many other pelvic malignancies. A microscopically clear resection margin (R0 resection) is the predominant prognostic factor affecting overall and disease-free survival...
March 6, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Y S Zhang, L J Jin, X Zhou, Y Liu, Y Li, L Y Wen
The study aimed to assess the effects and the further mechanism of action of dexmedetomidine with regard to stress reactions and cellular immune function of patients during the perioperative period following radical resection for rectal carcinoma. A total of 36 patients with rectal carcinoma were selected for radical resection under general anesthesia. The patients were divided into two groups, namely an experimental and a control group. In the experimental group (dexmedetomidine group) 1 μg/ kg/bw dexmedetomidine was injected intravenously 10 min prior to the induction of general anesthesia, and then infusion was carried out at a rate of 0...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Muhammad Waqas, Durre Shohab, Mohammad Athar Khawaja, Afifa Masood, Muhammad Waqas Iqbal, Saeed Akhter
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine the outcome of trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided biopsy of prostate for the detection of prostatic carcinoma in a single tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. METHODS: This is a retrospective study including three hundred and eightythree patients who underwent trans rectal ultrasound guided biopsy of prostate in a single tertiary care hospital. Indications for biopsy were raised prostate specific antigen (PSA), abnormal digital rectal examination (DRE) and/or both...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Huachan Gan, Jinxuan Lin, Zhi Jiang, Qicheng Chen, Lixing Cao, Zhiqiang Chen
BACKGROUND: Most patients who undergo abdominal surgery recover bowel movements within a week; however, some suffer prolonged intestinal paralysis or postoperative ileus (POI) leading to complications, such as infection and intestinal adhesions, which can extend hospitalization and increase readmission rates, and consequently increasing healthcare costs. Chinese medicine is effective for accelerating the recovery of gastrointestinal function after abdominal surgery. Xiangbin prescription (XBP) is the standard prescription for this purpose in our hospital; however, randomized controlled trials of it have not yet been conducted...
February 27, 2018: Trials
Sarah Förster, Stephanie Hehlgans, Franz Rödel, Benjamin Otto, Nils Cordes
Driven by genetic and epigenetic alterations, progression, therapy resistance and metastasis are frequent events in colorectal cancer (CRC). Although often speculated, the function of cell-cell contact for radiochemosensitivity, particularly associated with E-cadherin/catenin complex, warrants further clarification. In this study, we investigated the role of the E-cadherin/catenin complex proteins under more physiological three-dimensional (3D) cell culture conditions in a panel of CRC cell lines. In contrast to floating spheroids and growth in the laminin-rich matrix, collagen type 1 induced the formation of two distinct growth phenotypes, i...
April 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Hiroaki Seki, Nobutaka Yasui, Akihiko Shimada, Hidetoshi Matsumoto
We herein report a 75-year-old woman who presented with an intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma(IPMC)who was treated with surgical resection 4 years after the initial diagnosis was made. She previously underwent a high anterior resection of the rectum for rectal cancer at 71 years of age. Preoperative CT revealed a multilocular cystic mass measuring 6 cm in size in the body of the pancreas, which was considered benign. We followed up the intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm(IPMN) by using annual CT imaging for 4 years...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Peiman Haddad, Zhaleh Karimi-Moghaddam, Mahbod Esfahani, Mahdieh Afkhami, Farshid Farhan, Farnaz Amouzegar-Hashemi
PURPOSE: Radiation received by the testes in the course of radiotherapy for rectal cancer may cause oligospermia and azospermia. We sought to determine the dose to the scrotum and testes with thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD), and compare it to the dose calculated by 3D planning software. METHODS: The TLDs were fixed to the scrotum in six points anteriorly and posteriorly in two fractions of radiotherapy. All patients received a 50-50.4 Gy total dose in prone position with 3D-planning...
January 2018: Physica Medica: PM
Man Hon Tang, Jason Lim, Inny Bushmani, Chee Yung Ng
We present an unusual case of advanced ovarian carcinoma with postoperative complications of ischemia and perforation of the rectum as a result of tumor embolism. The interval progression from ischemia to infarction of the rectum was captured in repeated sigmoidoscopies. A brief discussion on tumor embolism and management of this case is also included.
February 22, 2018: Clinical Endoscopy
Pelvender S Gill, Newton A C S Wong
AIMS: The currently recognised subtypes of anal canal/perianal adenocarcinoma are those arising from low rectal mucosa or columnar cuff, fistula-related tumours and anal gland carcinoma. This following report presents two examples of a hitherto undescribed subtype of perianal adenocarcinoma with an intestinal phenotype. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 74 year old man had a perianal tumour locally excised whereas a 73 year old female underwent an abdominoperineal resection for perianal Paget's disease with an underlying carcinoma...
February 21, 2018: Histopathology
James Tankel, Shlomo Yellineck, Petachia Reissman
Formation of a colonic J-pouch with anastomosis to the rectal stump is an accepted form of reconstruction after low anterior resection (LAR) for rectal carcinoma. It is thought this can help prevent the onset of LAR syndrome as well as improve the quality of life in the first two years following surgery. Rectovaginal fistulation is a recognised complication of this form of surgery usually occurring because of technical failure leading to inclusion of the vaginal wall into the stapled anastomosis. We present an as of yet unreported case of fistulation between the upper horizontal staple line of a colonic J-pouch-the tip of the 'J'-which was formed extracorporeally with the posterior vaginal fornix...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
G Liebig-Hörl, C Puchner, M Gerken, M Klinkhammer-Schalke, A Fürst
BACKROUND: A common consensus for the definition for early rectal cancer does not exist. This item is used in cases of histological findings including pTis, pT1 or pT2 tumors. The term early rectal cancer is not mentioned in the German S3 guidelines on colorectal cancer. The pTis tumors are located at the mucosa level of the intestinal wall and they have nearly no tendency to develop metastases but pT2 tumors have a high risk of local metastases; therefore, the term early rectal cancer is not adequate for pT2 tumors...
February 14, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
G Grimaldi, Chiara Eberspacher, A M Romani, D Merletti, A Maturo, S Pontone, D Pironi
AIM: The incidence of rectal cancer continues to rise. The functional results after complete Total Mesorectal Excision (TME) depend on the segment of colon used for reconstruction of colonic continuity and the form, the volume and the functional proprieties of the "neorectum". The aim of our study is evaluate the efficacy of our Modified Transverse Coloplasty Pouch (MTCP) after the treatment of low rectal cancer in terms of functional outcomes and quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 136 patients, underwent TME from January 2007 to December 2016 with diagnosis of extraperitoneal carcinoma of the rectum...
November 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Eva-Maria Birkman, Adam Elzagheid, Terhi Jokilehto, Tuulia Avoranta, Eija Korkeila, Jarmo Kulmala, Kari Syrjänen, Jukka Westermarck, Jari Sundström
Preoperative (chemo)radiotherapy, (C)RT, is an essential part of the treatment of rectal cancer patients, but tumor response to this therapy among patients is variable. Thus far, there are no clinical biomarkers that could be used to predict response to (C)RT or to stratify patients into different preoperative treatment groups according to their prognosis. Overexpression of cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) has been demonstrated in several cancers and is frequently associated with reduced survival...
February 14, 2018: Cancer Medicine
A Arjona-Sánchez, P Barrios, E Boldo-Roda, B Camps, J Carrasco-Campos, V Concepción Martín, A García-Fadrique, A Gutiérrez-Calvo, R Morales, G Ortega-Pérez, E Pérez-Viejo, A Prada-Villaverde, J Torres-Melero, E Vicente, P Villarejo-Campos, J M Sánchez-Hidalgo, A Casado-Adam, Ruben García-Martin, Manuel Medina, T Caro, C Villar, Enrique Aranda, M T Cano-Osuna, C Díaz-López, E Torres-Tordera, F J Briceño-Delgado, S Rufián-Peña
BACKGROUND: Local relapse and peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) for pT4 colon cancer is estimated in 15,6% and 36,7% for 12 months and 36 months from surgical resection respectively, achieving a 5 years overall survival of 6%. There are promising results using prophylactic HIPEC in this group of patients, and it is estimated that up to 26% of all T4 colon cancer could benefit from this treatment with a minimal morbidity. Adjuvant HIPEC is effective to avoid the possibility of peritoneal seeding after surgical resection...
February 13, 2018: BMC Cancer
Ira L Leeds, James Freeland Griffin, Sandy H Fang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Katsuyuki Mayumi, Masanobu Terakura, Takaaki Hori, Masashi Takemura
We report a case of metastatic carcinoma to the uterine body from a colorectal adenocarcinoma. A 73-year-old woman underwent laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for sigmoid colon carcinoma 2 years before. In the following study, her serum carcinoembryonic antigen level was elevated, and a uterine body tumor invading the rectal wall was detected via enhanced computed tomography. Colonoscopic examination revealed an elevated lesion at the rectum, which was diagnosed as an adenocarcinoma. Based on these results, we diagnosed the uterine tumor as metastatic tumor from the colon carcinoma...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Yuya Takenaka, Masayoshi Yasui, Masayuki Ohue, Yusuke Takahashi, Hidenori Miyoshi, Yoshitomo Yanagimoto, Akira Tomokuni, Keijiro Sugimura, Kazuyosi Yamamoto, Hirofumi Akita, Hidenori Takahashi, Hiroshi Wada, Takeshi Omori, Hiroshi Miyata, Masahiko Yano
A 43-year old-male was admitted to the hospital for the treatment of rectal carcinoma. Preoperative abdominal computed tomography(CT)revealed a left inferior vena cava. There is no report of the patient with left inferior vena cava which focused on an anatomical feature of autonomic nerves. We report a case of rectal cancer patient with left inferior vena cava who underwent autonomic nerve-sparing laparoscopic low anterior resection, and review the relevant literature here.
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Kenta Miyoshi, Tetsuo Sumi, Hiroshi Kuwabara, Takaaki Matsudo, Masanobu Enomoto, Tetsuo Ishizaki, Kazuhiko Kasuya, Kenji Katsumata, Akihiko Tsuchida
The patient was a 69-year-old man visited our hospital because of fecal occlt blood test at medical checkup and diagnosed with rectal cancer and gastric cancer. The patient underwent super low anterior resection for rectal cancer cStage III b and underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD)for early gastric cancer. In 1 year after surgery the patient had recurrence of gastric cancer after ESD and recurrent gastric cancer was additionally resected. In 1 year and 4 months after surgery pulmonary metastasis was recognized and the patient underwent pulmonary segmentectomy...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Kazuhito Uemura, Hiroaki Takahashi, Kazuhiro Mino, Takuji Ota, Shunsuke Shichi
Four cases of gastrointestinal perforation associated with bevacizumab(BEV)were examined. Case 1: A 82-year-old male received FOLFIRI plus BEV for recurrent liver metastasis after rectal cancer resection. A lower esophageal perforation occurred 22 days after BEV administration and drainage was performed. Case 2: A 69-year-old female received FOLFOX4 plus BEV for unresectable rectal cancer and liver and lung metastasis. A rectal perforation occurred 6 days after BEV administration and suturing closure of the hole and colostomy was performed...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"