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Immunofluoresence and skin

Angeliki Liakopoulou, Efstathios Rallis
Bullous lichen planus is a rare variant of lichen planus. It is characterized by vesicles or bullae, which usually develop in the context of pre-existing LP lesions. It is often misdiagnosed and should be differentiated from other subepidermal bullous diseases especially lichen planus pemphigoides. The diagnosis is based on clinical suspicion and is confirmed by histopathology and immunofluoresence. The clinical features of bullous lichen planus include typical lichen planus lesions, accompanied by the formation of bullae on the affected or perilesional skin...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
Jingjing Wang, Zhuang Yang, Jiaolin Wen, Feng Ma, Fang Wang, Kun Yu, Minghai Tang, Wenshuang Wu, Yinfeng Dong, Xia Cheng, Chunlai Nie, Lijuan Chen
SKLB-M8, a derivative of millepachine, showed significant anti-proliferative effects in melanoma cell lines. In this study, we investigated the anti-melanoma and anti-angiogenic activity of SKLB-M8 on three melanoma cell lines (A2058, CHL-1, and B16F10) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). In vitro, SKLB-M8 showed anti-proliferative activity with IC50 values of 0.07, 0.25, and 0.88 μM in A2058, CHL-1, and B16F10 cell lines, respectively. Flow cytometory analysis showed that SKLB-M8 induced G2/M arrest in three melanoma cell lines, and western blotting demonstrated that SKLB-M8 down-regulated the expression of cdc2, up-regulated p53 in A2058 and CHL-1 cells, and triggered cell apoptosis through down-regulating AKT and phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR)...
2014: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Jeydith A Gutierrez, Zeina C Hannoush, Luis G Vargas, Allison Momany, Carmen C Garcia, Jeffrey C Murray, Martine Dunnwald
Epidermolytic ichthyosis (EI) is a rare skin disorder characterized by generalized erythroderma and cutaneous blistering at birth, which is substituted by hyperkeratosis later in life. It is caused by autosomal dominant mutations in highly conserved regions of KRT1 and KRT10. To date, only 4 mutations with autosomal recessive inheritance of EI have been described in consanguineous families. All of them affect the 2B domain of KRT10. In the present study we describe four patients with EI (including one lethal case) born from unaffected parents in a consanguineous family of a native Venezuelan community...
July 1, 2013: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
Mingxing Lei, Tian Yang, Xiangdong Lai, Xiufeng Bai, Weiming Qiu, Xiaohua Lian, Li Yang
Skin hyperplasia associated with hair follicle abnormality can be seen in many skin diseases caused by gene mutations. Gsdma3 was reported to be a mutation hotpot gene whose mutation contributed to various skin hyperplasia phenotypes in Bsk, Dfl, Rco2, Fgn, Re (den), and Rim3 mice. However, the signaling molecules involved in these skin anomalies due to Gsdma3 mutations have not yet been addressed. In this study, using hematoxylin and eosin staining, we showed that Gsdma3 mutation gave rise to thickened skin and lengthened hair infundibula throughout the hair follicle cycle...
January 2013: Acta Histochemica
A M Byrne, E Goleva, F Chouiali, M H Kaplan, Q A Hamid, D Y M Leung
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor-related protein ligand (GITRL), a ligand for the T cell co-stimulatory molecule GITR, is expressed by keratinocytes and involved in chemokine production. The expression of GITRL in skin inflammation remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated cytokine regulation of keratinocyte GITRL expression. METHODS: Glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor expression was evaluated in cytokine-treated human epidermal keratinocytes (HEK)s, murine PAM 212 cell line, murine and human skin explants by real time PCR, flow cytometry and immunostaining...
April 2012: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Christian Cornelissen, Yvonne Marquardt, Katharina Czaja, Jörg Wenzel, Jorge Frank, Juliane Lüscher-Firzlaff, Bernhard Lüscher, Jens M Baron
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory skin disease affecting 10% to 20% of children and 1% to 3% of adults in industrialized countries. Enhanced expression of IL-31 is detected in skin samples of patients with AD, but its physiological relevance is not known. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the role of IL-31 in skin differentiation. METHODS: We used human 3-dimensional organotypic skin models with either primary keratinocytes or HaCaT keratinocytes with inducible IL-31 receptor α to evaluate the effect of IL-31...
February 2012: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Dennis Pfaff, Maria Philippova, Emmanouil Kyriakakis, Kseniya Maslova, Katharina Rupp, Stanislaw A Buechner, Giandomenica Iezzi, Giulio C Spagnoli, Paul Erne, Therese J Resink
Mechanisms underlying cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) tumour growth and invasion are incompletely understood. Our previous pathological and in vitro studies suggest that cell surface glycoprotein T-cadherin (T-cad) might be a controlling determinant of the behaviour of SCC. Here we used a murine xenograft model to determine whether T-cad modulates SCC tumour progression in vivo. Silencing or up-regulation of T-cad in A431 (shTcad or Tcad(+) , respectively) both resulted in increased tumour expansion in vivo...
December 2011: Journal of Pathology
Alex H Tuttle, Matthew M Rankin, Monica Teta, Daniel J Sartori, Geneva M Stein, Gina J Kim, Cristina Virgilio, Anne Granger, Di Zhou, Simon H Long, Alisa B Schiffman, Jake A Kushner
Accurate measurement of cell division is a fundamental challenge in experimental biology that becomes increasingly complex when slowly dividing cells are analyzed. Established methods to detect cell division include direct visualization by continuous microscopy in cell culture, dilution of vital dyes such as carboxyfluorescein di-aetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE), immuno-detection of mitogenic antigens such as ki67 or PCNA, and thymidine analogues. Thymidine analogues can be detected by a variety of methods including radio-detection for tritiated thymidine, immuno-detection for bromo-deoxyuridine (BrdU), chloro-deoxyuridine (CldU) and iodo-deoxyuridine (IdU), and chemical detection for ethinyl-deoxyuridine (EdU)...
2010: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
M Kumaresan, Reena Rai, V Sandhya
Desmoglein 1 and 3 are distributed in the outer root sheath (ORS) of the hair follicle. Direct immunofluoresence (DIF) pattern of ORS in cases of pemphigus resembles the DIF pattern of the perilesional skin. We performed a DIF of the anagen and telogen hair ORS in a case of pemphigus and correlated it with the DIF findings of perilesional skin. Telogen hair ORS promises to be a useful tool in performing DIF for the purpose of diagnosis and follow-up in cases of pemphigus.
July 2009: International Journal of Trichology
Raminder K Grover, P Craig Stites, Thomas N Helm, Takashi Hashimoto, Ernst H Beutner
Although the initial report of paraneoplastic pemphigus described individuals with mucocutaneous blistering disease, subsequent reports identified patients with lichen planus or graft versus host disease-like changes. We describe a patient with fatal autoimmune blistering disease with absence of mucous membrane lesions. The pattern of complement indirect immunofluoresence helped identify the prognosis prospectively. This case illustrates yet another presentation of the neoplasia-induced autoimmunity.
2009: Dermatology Online Journal
Belinda Welsh
BACKGROUND: Blistering of the skin can be due to a number of diverse aetiologies. Pattern and distribution of blisters can be helpful in diagnosis but usually biopsy is required for histopathology and immunofluoresence to make an accurate diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: This article outlines the clinical and pathological features of blistering skin conditions with a particular focus on bullous impetigo, dermatitis herpetiformis, bullous pemphigoid and porphyria cutanea tarda...
July 2009: Australian Family Physician
Ko-Ron Chen, J Andrew Carlson
Vasculitis is an inflammatory process affecting the vessel wall and leading to its compromise or destruction and subsequent hemorrhagic and ischemic events. Vasculitis can be classified as a primary phenomenon (e.g. idiopathic cutaneous leukocytoclastic angiitis or Wegener granulomatosis) or as a secondary disorder (connective tissue disease [CTD], infection, or adverse drug eruption-associated vasculitis). Cutaneous vasculitis may present as a significant component of many systemic vasculitic syndromes such as rheumatoid vasculitis or anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated primary vasculitic syndromes (Wegener granulomatosis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, microscopic polyangiitis)...
2008: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
K L Grinnell, J R Bickenbach
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we have investigated whether secreted factors from embryonic stem cells (ESCs) could reprogramme keratinocytes and increase their potential to be directed into alternative cell lineages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Contact and non-contact co-cultures of skin keratinocytes and murine ESCs were used initially to confirm any reprogramming ability of ESC-conditioned medium (CM). Immunofluoresence was used to assess nuclear expression of octamer-4 (Oct-4), as well as to confirm neuronal protein expression in neuroectodermally directed keratinocytes...
October 2007: Cell Proliferation
Rafael Herrera-Esparza, Ricardo Villalobos, Juan-Jose Bollain-Y-Goytia, Roxana Ramírez-Sandoval, Sergio H Sánchez-Rodriguez, Guadalupe Pacheco-Tovar, Esperanza Avalos-Diaz
In subacute cutaneous lupus eryhematosus (SCLE) the cutaneous antigens constitute the main source of Ro and La autoantigens. The aim of this investigation was to demonstrate if UV light increases the availability of Ro autoantigen in the skin, also the blocking effect of Ac-DEVD-CMK a caspase inhibitor was assessed. For this purpose newborn Balb/c mice were UVB irradiated (5-30 mJ/cm(2)) equivalent to a moderate to severe sunburn. Animals were injected with monoclonal anti-Ro antibodies from SCLE patients. Apoptosis was also induced by anti-Fas antibody injection...
June 2006: Clinical & Developmental Immunology
Constance Auvynet, Nabila Seddiki, Irene Dunia, Pierre Nicolas, Mohamed Amiche, Claire Lacombe
The dermal glands of the South American hylid frog Phyllomedusa bicolor synthesize and expel huge amounts of cationic, alpha-helical, 24- to 33-residue antimicrobial peptides, the dermaseptins B. These glands also produce a wide array of peptides that are similar to mammalian hormones and neuropeptides, including a heptapeptide opioid containing a D-amino acid, deltorphin I (Tyr-DAla-Phe-Asp-Val-Val-Gly NH2). Its biological activity is due to the racemization of L-Ala2 to D-Ala. The dermaseptins B and deltorphins are all derived from a single family of precursor polypeptides that have an N-terminal preprosequence that is remarkably well conserved, although the progenitor sequences giving rise to mature opioid or antimicrobial peptides are markedly different...
January 2006: European Journal of Cell Biology
Y-Y Wu, T-C Hsu, T-Y Chen, T-C Liu, G-Y Liu, Y-J Lee, G J Tsay
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been found to be strikingly associated with autoimmune phenomena. The aim of the present study was to investigate the presence of various autoantibodies in patients with HCV infection. Anti-neutrophil cytoplamic antibody (ANCA), anti-dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (anti-E3), rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase (anti-E2), anti-SS-A/Ro (60 kD), anti-SS-A/Ro (52 kD), anti-SS-B/La, anti-topoisomerase II (anti-topo II), anti-cardiolipin (aCL), anti-dsDNA, anti-ssDNA, anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-proteinase 3 (anti-Pr3) and anti-myeloperoxidase (anti-MPO) were determined in sera from 516 patients with HCV infection, 11 with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and 44 healthy controls...
May 2002: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
T N Chou, T C Hsu, R M Chen, L I Lin, G J Tsay
We described four patients who had clinical diagnosis of erythema infectiosum and presented with skin rash, polyarthralgia, polyarthritis, and mild fever. Anti-parvovirus B19 IgM and IgG antibodies were found in all four patients and parvovirus B19 DNA was detected in three of the four patients by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in sera using standard methods. Anticardiolipin antibody (aCL) was positive in three of the four patients included three with anti-beta2 glycoprotein I (beta2GPI). The immunoglobulin isotype of aCL was found to be IgM...
2000: Lupus
S N Chang, S C Kim, Y S Chun, K T Kim, S K Ahn, W H Park
Chronic recurrent pruritic papular eruptions in which a specific diagnosis cannot be established becomes a baffling experience to the dermatologist. We have met adult male patients with chronic recurrent pruritic papular eruptions, but their clinicopathological features are not described in English language textbooks. Our purpose was to study the clinical and histological features of this entity and review the various existing taxonomy. We conducted a study of 20 patients over a six year period by taking histories, performing skin biopsies, screening patch tests, and doing immunofluoresence studies...
July 1999: Journal of Dermatology
M J McCarty, J M Davidson, J S Cardone, L L Anderson
Cutis laxa acquisita is a rare disorder that affects collagen and elastin metabolism. The cause is unknown. Characteristic features include sagging and laxity of the skin, as well as involvement of the lungs, heart, gastrointestinal system, and urogenital tract. Three cases of cutis laxa acquisita have been reported in association with multiple myeloma. Due to the rarity of these disorders, a linkage has been postulated. The clinical and histologic data from the fourth case of cutis laxa acquisita associated with multiple myeloma were compared to the three other cases previously reported in the literature...
April 1996: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
D Wallach, F Cottenot, G Pelbois, B Cavelier, L Didierjean, J H Saurat
A patient with subcorneal pustular dermatosis was found to have a circulating monoclonal IgA kappa immunoglobulin. Direct immunofluorescence studies revealed IgA kappa deposits in the subcorneal zone of the epidermis. Circulating IgA kappa reacting with the subcorneal zone of normal human epidermis was demonstrated by indirect immunofluoresence. It is speculated that IgA deposition might be implicated in the pathogenesis of subcorneal pustular dermatosis.
August 1982: British Journal of Dermatology
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