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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219347/aquaculture-genomics-genetics-and-breeding-in-the-united-states-current-status-challenges-and-priorities-for-future-research
#1
EDITORIAL
Hisham Abdelrahman, Mohamed ElHady, Acacia Alcivar-Warren, Standish Allen, Rafet Al-Tobasei, Lisui Bao, Ben Beck, Harvey Blackburn, Brian Bosworth, John Buchanan, Jesse Chappell, William Daniels, Sheng Dong, Rex Dunham, Evan Durland, Ahmed Elaswad, Marta Gomez-Chiarri, Kamal Gosh, Ximing Guo, Perry Hackett, Terry Hanson, Dennis Hedgecock, Tiffany Howard, Leigh Holland, Molly Jackson, Yulin Jin, Karim Kahlil, Thomas Kocher, Tim Leeds, Ning Li, Lauren Lindsey, Shikai Liu, Zhanjiang Liu, Kyle Martin, Romi Novriadi, Ramjie Odin, Yniv Palti, Eric Peatman, Dina Proestou, Guyu Qin, Benjamin Reading, Caird Rexroad, Steven Roberts, Mohamed Salem, Andrew Severin, Huitong Shi, Craig Shoemaker, Sheila Stiles, Suxu Tan, Kathy F J Tang, Wilawan Thongda, Terrence Tiersch, Joseph Tomasso, Wendy Tri Prabowo, Roger Vallejo, Hein van der Steen, Khoi Vo, Geoff Waldbieser, Hanping Wang, Xiaozhu Wang, Jianhai Xiang, Yujia Yang, Roger Yant, Zihao Yuan, Qifan Zeng, Tao Zhou
Advancing the production efficiency and profitability of aquaculture is dependent upon the ability to utilize a diverse array of genetic resources. The ultimate goals of aquaculture genomics, genetics and breeding research are to enhance aquaculture production efficiency, sustainability, product quality, and profitability in support of the commercial sector and for the benefit of consumers. In order to achieve these goals, it is important to understand the genomic structure and organization of aquaculture species, and their genomic and phenomic variations, as well as the genetic basis of traits and their interrelationships...
February 20, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192886/association-of-sleep-quality-in-behcet-disease-with-disease-activity-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-korean-population
#2
Jimin Lee, Sung-Soo Kim, Hye-Jin Jeong, Chang-Nam Son, Ji-Min Kim, Yong-Won Cho, Sang-Hyon Kim
Background/Aims: Sleep disturbance is prime concern in patients with Behcet disease. The purpose of this study was to find out the effects of sleep quality, in Korean patients suffering from Behcet disease. We further investigated the relationship between depression, quality of life and the clinical findings of Behcet disease. Methods: The study was performed by the cross-sectional design. Sleep quality was assessed by the Korean version of Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI)...
February 16, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176531/37th-british-mass-spectrometry-society-annual-meeting
#3
Patricia Wright, Christine Eckers
The 37th British Mass Spectrometry Society (BMSS) annual meeting took place over a brilliantly sunny 3 days by the sea in the historic Eastbourne Winter Gardens on the south coast of England. It was held between 13 and 15 September 2016. Two-hundred attendees enjoyed a conference covering all aspects of MS with speakers drawn from across Europe and North America. The BMSS is particularly proud of the encouragement it offers students and early career scientists, both financially in the form of travel grants and also in terms of opportunities to present at an international level in a supportive atmosphere...
February 8, 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175444/176%C3%A2-andexanet-alfa-an-investigational-universal-antidote-for-reversal-of-anticoagulation-of-factor-xa-inhibitors-in-healthy-human-volunteers
#4
Florie Mar, Mark Crowther, Alex Gold, Genmin Lu, Janet Leeds, Brian Wiens, Vandana Mathur, Janice Castillo, Pamela Conley, Stuart Connolly, John Curnutte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172676/p227-outcomes-of-anti-tnf-versus-vedolizumab-therapy-for-ulcerative-colitis-the-leeds-experience
#5
M V Lenti, A Johnston, A O'Connor, C Selinger, A C Ford, P J Hamlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152641/a-review-of-paediatric-and-adolescent-gynaecology-services-in-a-tertiary-outpatient-clinic
#6
Mugdha Kulkarni, Julie Glanville, Sally Phillot, Adam Balen
Adolescence is a distinctive stage in human development during which many simple and complex medical conditions can present for the first time. Paediatric and adolescent gynaecological conditions need careful multidisciplinary clinical management with a sensitive approach understanding the patients' psychological and physiological circumstances. The objective of this study is to review the tertiary paediatric and adolescent gynaecology service in Leeds, United Kingdom and to present an overview of the various conditions that present to such a clinic...
February 2, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151029/radiofrequency-induced-thermotherapy-rfitt-in-a-porcine-liver-model-and-ex-vivo-great-saphenous-vein
#7
George E Badham, Scott J Dos Santos, Mark S Whiteley
AIMS: To investigate the thermal spread achieved in porcine liver when using an optimised radiofrequency ablation protocol and correlate findings with the effects seen in ex vivo great saphenous vein (GSV), in order to justify clinical use with the new treatment protocol. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Porcine liver and GSV sections were treated with radiofrequency-induced thermotherapy (RFiTT) using the following settings: 20 W at 1 s/cm (linear endovenous energy density; LEED 20 J/cm), 18 W at 1 s/cm (LEED 18 J/cm), 18 W at 3 s/cm (LEED 54 J/cm), 6 W interrupted pull-back 6 s stationary every 0...
February 2, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148220/genomic-selection-models-double-the-accuracy-of-predicted-breeding-values-for-bacterial-cold-water-disease-resistance-compared-to-a-traditional-pedigree-based-model-in-rainbow-trout-aquaculture
#8
Roger L Vallejo, Timothy D Leeds, Guangtu Gao, James E Parsons, Kyle E Martin, Jason P Evenhuis, Breno O Fragomeni, Gregory D Wiens, Yniv Palti
BACKGROUND: Previously, we have shown that bacterial cold water disease (BCWD) resistance in rainbow trout can be improved using traditional family-based selection, but progress has been limited to exploiting only between-family genetic variation. Genomic selection (GS) is a new alternative that enables exploitation of within-family genetic variation. METHODS: We compared three GS models [single-step genomic best linear unbiased prediction (ssGBLUP), weighted ssGBLUP (wssGBLUP), and BayesB] to predict genomic-enabled breeding values (GEBV) for BCWD resistance in a commercial rainbow trout population, and compared the accuracy of GEBV to traditional estimates of breeding values (EBV) from a pedigree-based BLUP (P-BLUP) model...
February 1, 2017: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139903/endovenous-laser-ablation-in-patients-with-severe-primary-chronic-venous-insufficiency
#9
Vladimir Starodubtsev, Mikhail Lukyanenko, Andrey Karpenko, Pavel Ignatenko
BACKGROUND: The aim of study was to estimate the safety and efficacy of using laser wavelength of 1560 nm with the foam sclerotherapy (FS) of varicose veins (VVs) for the treatment of severe primary chronic venous insufficiency (CVI, C4-C6) in patients with different diameters of the proximal segment (DPS) of the great saphenous vein (GSV). METHODS: We have separated the patients into two groups depending on the size of GSV: group 1 (281 cases; DPS of GSV less than 15 mm) and group 2 (210 cases; DPS of GSV more than 15 mm)...
January 31, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137819/use-of-optical-imaging-technology-in-the-validation-of-a-new-rapid-cost-effective-drug-screen-as-part-of-a-tiered-in-vivo-screening-paradigm-for-development-of-drugs-to-treat-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#10
Diana Caridha, Sandi Parriot, Thomas H Hudson, Thierry Lang, Franklyn Ngundam, Susan Leed, Jenell Sena, Michael Harris, Michael O'Neil, Richard Sciotti, Lisa Read, Herve Lecoeur, Mark Hickman, Max Grogl
In any drug discovery and development effort, reduction in the lead optimization cycle is critical to decrease the time to license and reduce cost. In addition, ethical guidelines call for more ethical use of animals to minimize the number of animals used and decrease their suffering. Therefore, any cutaneous Leishmaniasis drug development effort requires multiple tiers of in vivo testing that start with higher-throughput efficacy assessments and progress to lower-throughput models with the most clinical relevance...
January 30, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134581/remote-teaching-of-histopathology-using-scanned-slides-via-skype-between-the-united-kingdom-and-nigeria
#11
Olorunda Rotimi, Nnamdi Orah, Abeer Shaaban, Adetola O Daramola, Fatimah B Abdulkareem
CONTEXT: -Web-based learning is a major component of distance education. OBJECTIVE: -To explore Web-based applications for pathology teaching in resource-limited sub-Saharan Africa. DESIGN: -The participants were consultant pathologists and trainees drawn from tertiary institutions in Nigeria. They viewed the digital slides via the Leeds virtual pathology Web site, after which, interactive lectures were given via Skype (Skype Communications, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg)...
February 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132755/ten-year-experience-of-radioiodine-dosimetry-is-it-useful-in-the-management-of-metastatic-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#12
F Sun, G E Gerrard, J K Roberts, T Telford, S Namini, M Waller, G Flux, V M Gill
AIMS: When a fixed activity of radioiodine is given for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), absorbed doses of radioiodine can vary widely and are not usually measured. Leeds Cancer Centre has routinely used a form of lesion-specific dosimetry for radioiodine patients. This study investigated if the results of dosimetry influenced treatment decisions for patients with advanced DTC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since 2005, patients with regionally advanced/metastatic DTC, who underwent radioiodine treatment together with dosimetry, were included in this study...
January 27, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130282/rumpel-leede-phenomenon-in-a-patient-with-adult-onset-still-s-disease
#13
Jacob Trygve Lambdin, Catherine Mackenzie
Rumpel-Leede phenomenon (RLP), also known as acute capillary rupture syndrome (ACRS), is a rare occurrence where distal dermal capillaries rupture in response to a proximal compressive force, such as a blood pressure cuff or tourniquet. This phenomenon has been reported to occur in states of vascular fragility such as long-term steroid use, hypertension or diabetes mellitus. Here, we provide a report of RLP occurring secondary to tourniquet application in a 26-year-old woman with adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) and a recent drug rash...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130063/effects-of-control-interventions-on-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-england-an-observational-study
#14
Kate E Dingle, Xavier Didelot, T Phuong Quan, David W Eyre, Nicole Stoesser, Tanya Golubchik, Rosalind M Harding, Daniel J Wilson, David Griffiths, Alison Vaughan, John M Finney, David H Wyllie, Sarah J Oakley, Warren N Fawley, Jane Freeman, Kirsti Morris, Jessica Martin, Philip Howard, Sherwood Gorbach, Ellie J C Goldstein, Diane M Citron, Susan Hopkins, Russell Hope, Alan P Johnson, Mark H Wilcox, Timothy E A Peto, A Sarah Walker, Derrick W Crook
BACKGROUND: The control of Clostridium difficile infections is an international clinical challenge. The incidence of C difficile in England declined by roughly 80% after 2006, following the implementation of national control policies; we tested two hypotheses to investigate their role in this decline. First, if C difficile infection declines in England were driven by reductions in use of particular antibiotics, then incidence of C difficile infections caused by resistant isolates should decline faster than that caused by susceptible isolates across multiple genotypes...
January 24, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126097/spaces-of-encounter-and-attitudes-towards-difference-a-comparative-study-of-two-european-cities
#15
Aneta Piekut, Gill Valentine
Scholars have been increasingly interested in how everyday interactions in various places with people from different ethnic/religious background impact inter-group relations. Drawing on representative surveys in Leeds and Warsaw (2012), we examine whether encounters with ethnic and religious minorities in different type of space are associated with more tolerance towards them. We find that in Leeds, more favourable affective attitudes are associated with contact in institutional spaces (workplace and study places) and socialisation spaces (social clubs, voluntary groups, religious meeting places); however, in case of behavioural intentions - operationalised as willingness to be friendly to minority neighbours - only encounters in socialisation spaces play a significant role in prejudice reduction...
February 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119771/usefulness-of-four-commonly-used-neuropathic-pain-screening-questionnaires-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Kapil Gudala, Babita Ghai, Dipika Bansal
BACKGROUND: Recently symptoms-based screening questionnaires have gained attention for screening for a neuropathic pain component (NePC) in various chronic pain conditions. The present study assessed the usefulness of four commonly used NePC screening questionnaires including the Self-completed douleur neuropathique 4 (S-DN4), the ID Pain, the painDETECT questionnaire (PDQ), and the Self-completed Leeds Assessment of neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (S-LANSS) questionnaire in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) to assess the presence of NePC...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118787/learning-curve-associated-with-an-automated-laparoscopic-suturing-device-compared-with-laparoscopic-suturing
#17
Steven G Leeds, Lizzy Wooley, Ganesh Sankaranarayanan, Yahya Daoud, James Fleshman, Sanket Chauhan
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic suturing has proved to be a challenging skill to master which may prevent surgical procedures from being started, or completed, in a minimally invasive fashion. The aim of this study is to compare the learning curves between traditional laparoscopic techniques with a novel suturing device. METHODS: In this prospective single blinded nonrandomized controlled crossover study, we recruited 19 general surgery residents ranging from beginner (PGY1-2, n = 12) to advanced beginner (PGY3-5, n = 7)...
January 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117727/volatile-organic-compounds-vocs-in-conventional-and-high-performance-school-buildings-in-the-u-s
#18
Lexuan Zhong, Feng-Chiao Su, Stuart Batterman
Exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has been an indoor environmental quality (IEQ) concern in schools and other buildings for many years. Newer designs, construction practices and building materials for "green" buildings and the use of "environmentally friendly" products have the promise of lowering chemical exposure. This study examines VOCs and IEQ parameters in 144 classrooms in 37 conventional and high performance elementary schools in the U.S. with the objectives of providing a comprehensive analysis and updating the literature...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107259/paget-s-disease-of-the-vulva-a-review-of-20-years-experience
#19
Raghava Parashurama, Vivek Nama, Richard Hutson
BACKGROUND: Extramammary Paget's disease is a rare condition, and the vulva is a common site for it to occur. Despite this, there is a paucity of literature on Paget's disease of the vulva (VPD). A Cochrane meta-analysis could not draw any conclusions on interventions in VPD. Our aim was to review our practice and improve further management of VPD in our center. METHODS: We reviewed all the cases presented to Leeds Gynaecological Oncology Centre between 1988 and 2016...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093029/low-doses-of-mirtazapine-or-quetiapine-for-transient-insomnia-a-randomised-double-blind-cross-over-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
Julie Karsten, Loes A Hagenauw, Jeanine Kamphuis, Marike Lancel
Low doses of the antidepressant mirtazapine or the neuroleptic quetiapine are often prescribed off-label for insomnia. However, studies on the effects on sleep and hangover effects the following day are scarce. In this randomised, double-blind, cross-over, placebo-controlled trial, the influence of 7.5 mg mirtazapine and 50 mg quetiapine on both normal sleep and sleep disturbed by acoustic stress (traffic noise) as a model for transient insomnia was assessed. Additionally, hangover effects on next-day alertness and cognitive functioning were examined...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
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