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Muscle rupture sports

Thiago Medeiros Storti, Alexandre Firmino Paniago, Rafael Salomon Silva Faria
Simultaneous bilateral rupture of the distal biceps tendon is a rare clinical entity, seldom reported in the literature and with unclear therapeutic setting. The authors report the case of a 39-year-old white man who suffered a simultaneous bilateral rupture while working out. When weightlifting with elbows at 90° of flexion, he suddenly felt pain on the anterior aspect of the arms, coming for evaluation after two days. He presented bulging contour of the biceps muscle belly and ecchymosis in the antecubital fossa, extending distally to the medial aspect of the forearm, as well as a marked decrease of supination strength and pain in active elbow flexion...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Myles Murphy, Jonathon Charlesworth
A 29-year-old man experienced right shoulder pain and weakness following a forced abduction and external rotation motion performed during an Australian football game. The following morning, the sports medicine physician referred the player for magnetic resonance imaging to exclude infraspinatus rupture, given the external rotation strength deficit. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a low-grade partial tear of the medial infraspinatus muscle. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(12):1087. doi:10.2519/jospt.2016...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Jacob J Capin, Ashutosh Khandha, Ryan Zarzycki, Kurt Manal, Thomas S Buchanan, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
Second anterior cruciate ligament rupture is a common and devastating injury among young women who return to sport after ACL reconstruction, but it is inadequately understood. The purpose of this study was to compare gait biomechanics and return-to-sport time frames in a matched cohort of young female athletes who, after primary ACLR, returned to sport without re-injury or sustained a second ACL injury. Approximately 6 months after primary reconstruction, 14 young women (age 16 ± 2 years) involved in jumping, cutting, and pivoting sports underwent motion analysis testing after physical therapy and impairment resolution...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
James M Elliott, Sudarshan Dayanidhi, Charles Hazle, Mark A Hoggarth, Jacob McPherson, Cheryl L Sparks, Kenneth A Weber
Synopsis It is generally accepted that up to 50% of those with a whiplash injury following a motor vehicle collision will fail to fully recover. Twenty-five percent of these patients will demonstrate a markedly complex clinical picture that includes severe pain-related disability, sensory and motor disturbances, and psychological distress. A number of psychosocial factors have shown prognostic value for recovery following whiplash from a motor vehicle collision. To date, no management approach (eg, physical therapies, education, psychological interventions, or interdisciplinary strategies) for acute whiplash has positively influenced recovery rates...
October 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Pascal Edouard, Pedro Branco, Juan-Manuel Alonso
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyse the incidence and characteristics of muscle injuries and hamstring muscle injuries occurred during the international athletics championships from 2007 to 2015. PATIENTS AND METHODS: National medical teams and local organizing committee physicians have collected every day all newly occurred injury whenever international championship from 2007 to 2015. Only the muscle injuries and hamstring muscle injuries, whatever gravity (cramp, contracture, rupture, avulsion), were analysed...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Kathrin Steffen, Agnethe Nilstad, Eirik Klami Kristianslund, Grethe Myklebust, Roald Bahr, Tron Krosshaug
PURPOSE: This study aimed to prospectively investigate the association between isolated and functional lower extremity muscle strength and the risk for noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in Norwegian female elite handball and football players. METHODS: From 2007 through 2015, premier league players participated in strength testing and were prospectively followed for ACL injury risk. At baseline, we recorded player demographics, playing and ACL injury history, and measured peak concentric isokinetic quadriceps and hamstring torques (60°·s), hamstring-to-quadriceps ratio, isometric hip abduction strength, and one-repetition maximum in a seated leg press...
November 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Angelo V Vasiliadis, Vasileios Lampridis, Dimitrios Georgiannos, Ilias G Bisbinas
OBJECTIVE: To present a rehabilitation exercise program and suggest a schedule of activities for daily living and participation in sports after surgical treatment of a pectoralis major rupture. DESIGN: A single case study. SETTING: Hospital-based study, Thessaloniki, Greece. PARTICIPANTS: We present a 30-year-old male athlete (height, 196 cm; weight, 90 kg; right hand dominant) with a complete rupture of the pectoralis major tendon after a fall...
July 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Polyvios Kyritsis, Roald Bahr, Philippe Landreau, Riadh Miladi, Erik Witvrouw
BACKGROUND: The decision as to whether or not an athlete is ready to return to sport (RTS) after ACL reconstruction is difficult as the commonly used RTS criteria have not been validated. PURPOSE: To evaluate whether a set of objective discharge criteria, including muscle strength and functional tests, are associated with risk of ACL graft rupture after RTS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 158 male professional athletes who underwent an ACL reconstruction and returned to their previous professional level of sport were included...
August 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Darren Fitzpatrick, Paul Cagle, Evan Flatow
Isolated injuries to the teres major muscle occur in competitive sporting activities such as baseball pitching, hockey and tennis. We report a similar event of a physically fit man sustaining an isolated teres major rupture while waterskiing. Non-operative management was chosen, with pain resolution and no appreciable functional limitations at follow up. Because teres major muscle injury was suspected at the time of imaging, we present a dedicated imaging protocol to optimize assessment for teres major injury...
April 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Marco Jacopetti, Andrea Pasquini, Cosimo Costantino
BackgroundThe anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture accounting for about 50% of all knee ligament injuries. The rehabilitation program requires a long time to rebuild muscle strength and to reestablish joint mobility and neuromuscular control. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the muscle strength recovery in athletes with ACL reconstruction. MethodsWe enrolled soccer atlethes, with isolated anterior cruciate ligament rupture treated with bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft artroscopic reconstruction...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Brian M Haus, Danny Arora, Joseph Upton, Lyle J Micheli
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic injuries of the proximal hamstring can develop significant impairment because of weakness of the hamstring muscles, sciatic nerve compression from scar formation, or myositis ossificans. PURPOSE: To describe the surgical outcomes of patients with chronic injury of the proximal hamstrings who were treated with hamstring repair and sciatic neurolysis supplemented with nerve wrapping with acellular dermal matrix. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series; Level of evidence, 4...
March 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Eric Linko, Arsi Harilainen, Antti Malmivaara, Seppo Seitsalo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
A Paul Monk, Loretta J Davies, Sally Hopewell, Kristina Harris, David J Beard, Andrew J Price
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a common injury, mainly affecting young, physically active individuals. The injury is characterised by joint instability, leading to decreased activity, which can lead to poor knee-related quality of life. It is also associated with increased risk of secondary osteoarthritis of the knee. It is unclear whether stabilising the knee surgically via ACL reconstruction produces a better overall outcome than non-surgical (conservative) treatment...
April 3, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Franz Kainberger, Anna L Falkowski, Lena Hirtler, Georg Riegler, Thomas Schlegl, Siddharth Thaker, Janina Patsch, Richard Crevenna
The aim is to review the modalities in musculoskeletal imaging with view on the prognostic impact for the patient's and for social outcome and with view on three major fields of preventive medicine: nutrition and metabolism, sports, and patient education. The added value provided by preventive imaging is (1) to monitor bone health and body composition with a broad spectrum of biomarkers, (2) to detect and quantify variants or abnormalities of nerves, muscles, tendons, bones, and joints with a risk of overuse, rupture, or fracture, and (3) to develop radiology reports from the widely used narrative format to structured text and multimedia datasets...
February 2016: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Amr W ElMaraghy, Sacha S Rehsia, Amanda L Pennings
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of pectoralis major tears early in the acute phase is important for optimizing surgical repair and outcomes. However, physical examination of pectoralis major injuries can be misleading, often resulting in a potentially detrimental delay in surgical treatment. PURPOSE: To establish and validate a quantifiable clinical diagnostic test for structurally significant pectoralis major tears. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2...
December 2013: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Philippe Clavert, Yvan Le Coniat, Jean-François Kempf, Gilles Walch
INTRODUCTION: The aim was to describe the natural history of intratendinous partial rotator cuff tears as well as the anatomical and clinical results of surgical treatment of a cohort of 24 patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: There were 14 men and 10 women with a mean age of 50 years. The right shoulder was involved in 17 cases. For 16 cases, a progressive history of shoulder pain was reported. Pre-operatively, a painful and positive Jobe's sign was observed in only 13 cases...
February 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Brian R Mooers, Robert W Westermann, Brian R Wolf
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the pectoralis major muscle (PMM) is an uncommon injury that occurs during physical exercise and high-impact contact sports; it may result in pain, weakness, and disability. Surgical repair is currently the preferred treatment of PMM rupture. Our study assesses subjective and functional outcomes of patients following repair of acute and chronic PMM ruptures. METHODS: Retrospective review identified twenty patients who underwent PMM repair by the senior author (BRW) between 2003 and 2011...
2015: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
Christine Moser, Kathrin Maurer, Elisabeth Binder, Dagmar Meraner, Elisabeth Steichen, Daniela Abt, Karin Freund-Unsinn, Sabine E Hofer
Insulin pump therapy (CSII) is well established in pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes. In childhood diabetes, insulin pump treatment shows considerable advantages such as fewer injections, increased flexibility, fewer hypoglycemic events and lower HbA1c levels. Side effects such as catheter obstruction, technical pump failure, and dermatological complications have been observed, but are rarely reported. The reported patient is a physically very active and slim 10-year-old boy with reduced subcutaneous fatty tissue...
August 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
Ozkan Kose, Omer Faruk Kilicaslan, Ferhat Guler, Baver Acar, Halil Yalçın Yuksel
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to present the functional outcomes and complications after primary repair of triceps tendon ruptures (TTR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on eight patients (six males, two females) who underwent transosseous suture repair for TTR. Mayo elbow score, range of motion, muscle strength and patient satisfaction were evaluated after at least 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 25...
October 2015: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Rebecca S Kearney, Nick Parsons, David Metcalfe, Matthew L Costa
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendinopathy is a common condition, often with significant functional consequences. As a wide range of injection treatments are available, a review of randomised trials evaluating injection therapies to help inform treatment decisions is warranted. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of injection therapies for people with Achilles tendinopathy. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases up to 20 April 2015: the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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