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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816466/a-comparison-of-psychopathology-and-reoffending-in-female-and-male-convicted-firesetters
#1
Lauren Ducat, Troy McEwan, James R P Ogloff
Little is known about the psychopathological or criminal history characteristics of female firesetters, or how often women reoffend by firesetting. The current study is one of the few large-scale longitudinal investigations to compare key psychiatric and offending variables in female and male firesetters who are not incarcerated or known to be mentally disordered. In addition, the study aimed to identify the base rate of recidivism for female firesetters compared with males. The study compared all 143 female and 909 male firesetters convicted of arson and fire-related offenses between 2000 and 2009 in Victoria, Australia...
August 17, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814325/australian-adolescents-beliefs-and-help-seeking-intentions-towards-peers-experiencing-symptoms-of-depression-and-alcohol-misuse
#2
D I Lubman, A Cheetham, A F Jorm, B J Berridge, C Wilson, F Blee, L Mckay-Brown, N Allen, J Proimos
BACKGROUND: Many young people are reluctant to seek professional help for mental health problems, preferring to rely on their friends for support. It is therefore important to ensure that adolescents can identify signs of psychological distress in their peers, talk to them about these, and help them access appropriate services when necessary. The current study examined adolescents' ability to recognise symptoms of depression and alcohol misuse, perceived barriers to help-seeking, and their intentions to encourage a peer to seek help from a range of informal and formal help sources...
August 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810975/adaptation-of-screening-brief-intervention-referral-to-treatment-to-active-duty-military-personnel-in-an-emergency-department-findings-from-a-formative-research-study
#3
Megan Holt, Mark Reed, Susan I Woodruff, Gerard DeMers, Michael Matteucci, Suzanne L Hurtado
BACKGROUND: The transient nature of military life coupled with environmental and psychosocial stressors increase the risk for alcohol misuse and abuse among active duty (AD) military service members and recent epidemiological studies demonstrate high rates of heavy drinking among AD personnel. Over the past decade, Department of Defense health care systems have observed increases in the utilization of substance use services among military personnel demobilizing from Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810899/chronic-pain-and-opioid-misuse-a-review-of-reviews
#4
REVIEW
Pauline Voon, Mohammad Karamouzian, Thomas Kerr
OBJECTIVE: The crisis of prescription opioid (PO) related harms has focused attention toward identifying and treating high-risk populations. This review aims to synthesize systematic reviews on the epidemiology and clinical management of comorbid chronic pain and PO or other substance misuse. METHODS: A systematic database search was conducted to identify systematic reviews published between 2000 and 2016. Eligible studies were systematic reviews related to chronic non-cancer pain and PO or other substance misuse...
August 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801755/a-cross-national-comparison-of-violence-among-young-men-in-china-and-the-uk-psychiatric-and-cultural-explanations
#5
Jeremy Coid, Junmei Hu, Constantinos Kallis, Yuan Ping, Juying Zhang, Yueying Hu, Laura Bui, Simone Ullrich, Paul Bebbington
PURPOSE: Public health psychiatry has a key role in violence prevention. Cross-national comparisons of violence and associated psychiatric morbidity can indicate targets for preventive interventions. METHOD: Data on young adult men in households, 18-34 years, were drawn from the Second Men's Modern Lifestyles survey in Great Britain (n = 2046) and from a corresponding survey in Chengdu, China (n = 4132), using a translated questionnaire. Binary logistic regression models were carried out to estimate the cross-national differences for different types of violence and to identify explanatory variables...
August 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799198/does-paying-service-providers-by-results-improve-recovery-outcomes-for-drug-misusers-in-treatment-in-england
#6
Andrew Jones, Matthias Pierce, Matt Sutton, Thomas Mason, Tim Millar
AIM: To compare drug recovery outcomes in commissioning areas included in a 'payment by results' scheme with all other areas. DESIGN: Observational and data linkage study of the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System, Office for National Statistics mortality database, and Police National Computer criminal records, for two years before and after introduction of the scheme. Pre-post controlled comparison compared outcomes in participating versus non-participating areas following adjustment for drug use, functioning and drug treatment status...
August 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797270/implementing-the-teen-marijuana-check-up-in-schools-a-study-protocol
#7
Bryan Hartzler, Aaron R Lyon, Denise D Walker, Lauren Matthews, Kevin M King, Kathryn E McCollister
BACKGROUND: Substance misuse is now encountered in settings beyond addiction specialty care, with schools a point-of-contact for student access to behavioral health services. Marijuana is a leading impetus for adolescent treatment admissions despite declining risk perception, for which the Teen Marijuana Check-Up (TMCU)-a tailored adaptation of motivational enhancement therapy-offers an efficacious service option. To bridge the knowledge gap concerning effective and affordable technical assistance strategies for implementing empirically supported services, the described trial will test such a strategy to facilitate school-based TMCU implementation...
August 10, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797081/early-life-predictors-of-adolescent-suicidal-thoughts-and-adverse-outcomes-in-two-population-based-cohort-studies
#8
Jennifer Dykxhoorn, Simon Hatcher, Marie-Hélène Roy-Gagnon, Ian Colman
BACKGROUND: Understanding suicidality has proven challenging given the complex aetiology in early childhood. Being able to accurately predict groups at increased risk of developing suicidal thoughts may aid in the development of targeted prevention programs that mitigate increased vulnerability. Further, the predictors of suicidal thoughts may be shared with other outcomes in adolescence. Previous research has linked many factors to suicidality, so the objective of this study was to consider how these factors may act together to increase risk of suicidal thoughts and other non-mental health outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790493/substance-misuse-and-substance-use-disorders-why-do-they-matter-in-healthcare
#9
A Thomas McLellan
This paper first introduces important conceptual and practical distinctions among three key terms: substance "use," "misuse," and "disorders" (including addiction), and goes on to describe and quantify the important health and social problems associated with these terms. National survey data are presented to summarize the prevalence and varied costs associated with misuse of alcohol, illegal drugs, and prescribed medications in the United States. With this as background, the paper then describes historical views, perspectives, and efforts to deal with substance misuse problems in the United States and discusses how basic, clinical, and health service research, combined with recent changes in healthcare legislation and financing, have set the stage for a more effective, comprehensive public health approach...
2017: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780913/maintaining-abstinence-from-smoking-after-a-period-of-enforced-abstinence-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-analysis-of-behaviour-change-techniques-with-a-focus-on-mental-health
#10
L S Brose, E Simonavicius, A McNeill
BACKGROUND: Smoking prevalence is doubled among people with mental health problems and reaches 80% in inpatient, substance misuse and prison settings, widening inequalities in morbidity and mortality. As more institutions become smoke-free but most smokers relapse immediately post-discharge, we aimed to review interventions to maintain abstinence post-discharge. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Web of Science were searched from inception to May 2016 and randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies conducted with adult smokers in prison, inpatient mental health or substance use treatment included...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777981/childhood-trauma-dimensions-of-psychopathology-and-the-clinical-expression-of-bipolar-disorders-a-pathway-analysis
#11
B Etain, M Lajnef, C Henry, V Aubin, J M Azorin, F Bellivier, T Bougerol, P Courtet, S Gard, J P Kahn, C Passerieux, M Leboyer
BACKGROUND: This study aims at testing for paths from childhood abuse to clinical indicators of complexity in bipolar disorder (BD), through dimensions of affective dysregulation, impulsivity and hostility. METHOD: 485 euthymic patients with BD from the FACE-BD cohort were included from 2009 to 2014. We collect clinical indicators of complexity/severity: age and polarity at onset, suicide attempt, rapid cycling and substance misuse. Patients completed questionnaires to assess childhood emotional, sexual and physical abuses, affective lability, affect intensity, impulsivity, motor and attitudinal hostility...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777678/early-initiation-of-substance-use-as-an-indicator-of-problematic-substance-use-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-ymsm
#12
Aleksandar Kecojevic, Corey H Basch, Stephen E Lankenau
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Much research has documented that young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are at higher risk for substance use-related problems. This study examined the age of substance use initiation and it's relationship to current substance use-related problems among substance-using YMSM. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 191 YMSM (aged 18 to 29) with recent histories of prescription drug misuse was conducted in Philadelphia in 2012-13...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777674/dsm-5-tobacco-use-disorder-and-sleep-disturbance-findings-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-iii-nesarc-iii
#13
Amie C Hayley, Con Stough, Luke A Downey
INTRODUCTION: The DSM-5 Tobacco use disorder diagnosis incorporates tobacco misuse, addictive behaviors and withdrawal symptomology. Tobacco use is bidirectionally associated with sleep pathology; however, no epidemiological studies have yet evaluated the associations between DSM-5 Tobacco use disorder and self-reported sleep disturbance. The current study aimed to evaluate health, medical and sleep-related factors among individuals within this diagnostic stratum. METHOD: A total of N = 36,177 adults who participated in the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III) were included for analyses...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771795/adaptive-coping-strategies-of-affected-family-members-of-a-relative-with-substance-misuse-a-qualitative-study
#14
Terence V McCann, Dan I Lubman
AIM: To explore the coping strategies used by affected family members of a relative with substance misuse. BACKGROUND: Families play an important role in supporting a relative with substance misuse. However, the experience often has an adverse effect on their general wellbeing, the extent of which depends largely on their coping strategies. DESIGN: An interpretative phenomenological analysis study. Data were collected between January - December 2015...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770195/considerations-for-the-development-of-a-substance-related-care-and-prevention-continuum-model
#15
David C Perlman, Ashly E Jordan
There are significant gaps in the identification and engagement in care and prevention services of people who use illicit substances. Care continuum models have proven to be useful tools in the evaluation of care for HIV and other conditions; numerous issues in substance-related care and prevention resemble those identified in other continua models. Systems of care for substance misuse and substance use disorders (SUDs) can be viewed as consisting of a prevention and care continuum, reflecting incidence and prevalence of substance misuse and SUDs, screening and identification, medical and psychosocial evaluation for treatment, engagement in evidence-based treatment, treatment retention, relapse prevention, timeliness of step completion, and measures of overall and substance use-related specific morbidity and mortality...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766248/roman-catholic-priests-as-referral-sources-and-treatment-aides-for-hispanics-with-substance-misuse-abuse-problems
#16
Mary Cuadrado
This self-administered mail survey study, conducted along the USA-Mexico border, examines Roman Catholic Priests' involvement in aiding Hispanic individuals with substance abuse problems. The Priests were found to be highly involved or willing to be involved in: (1) participating in juramentos (pledge usually to Virgin of Guadalupe, with Priest as witness, to temporarily abstain from substance use), (2) providing referrals, and (3) working with family and/or treatment resources in the community in order to help the person seeking their help...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763780/treatment-use-sources-of-payment-and-financial-barriers-to-treatment-among-individuals-with-opioid-use-disorder-following-the-national-implementation-of-the-aca
#17
Ryan M McKenna
INTRODUCTION: Despite increasing rates of opioid misuse and hospitalizations, rates of treatment for those with opioid use disorder (OUD) are very low. This study examined the impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act's (ACA) insurance expansion on improving rates of insurance, health care access, and treatment for those with OUD. METHODS: Data on individuals ages 18-64 with OUD come from the 2008-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (N=4100)...
July 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762157/risk-markers-for-fatal-and-non-fatal-prescription-drug-overdose-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Joanne E Brady, Rebecca Giglio, Katherine M Keyes, Charles DiMaggio, Guohua Li
BACKGROUND: Drug overdose is a public health crisis in the United States, due in part to the unintended consequences of increases in prescribing of opioid analgesics. Many clinicians evaluate risk markers for opioid-related harms when prescribing opioids for chronic pain; however, more data on predictive risk markers are needed. Risk markers are attributes (modifiable and non-modifiable) that are associated with increased probability of an outcome. This review aims to identify risk markers associated with fatal and non-fatal prescription drug overdose by synthesizing findings in the existing peer-reviewed and grey literature...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759556/2017-astho-president-s-challenge-public-health-approaches-to-preventing-substance-misuse-and-addiction
#19
Jay C Butler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755775/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-staff-perceptions-of-organizational-readiness-to-change-and-the-process-of-innovation-adoption-in-substance-misuse-treatment-programs
#20
Peter Kelly, Josephine Hegarty, Joe Barry, Kyle R Dyer, Aine Horgan
Translating innovation, such as contemporary research evidence, into policy and practice is a challenge, not just in substance misuse treatment programs, but across all spheres of healthcare. Organizational readiness to change (ORC) has been described as a fundamental concept, and an important determinant of the process of innovation adoption. The aim of this review was to describe the relationship between staff perceptions of ORC and the process of innovation adoption: exposure, adoption, implementation and integration into practice, in substance misuse treatment programs...
September 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
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