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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338025/adolescent-cohorts-assessing-growth-cardiovascular-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
Joseph L Ward, Katherine Harrison, Russell M Viner, Anthony Costello, Michelle Heys
INTRODUCTION: Life-course studies are needed to explore how exposures during adolescence, particularly puberty, contribute to later cardiovascular risk and cognitive health in low and middle-income countries (LMIC), where 90% of the world's young people live. The extent of any existing cohorts investigating these outcomes in LMIC has not previously been described. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review to identify population cohort studies of adolescents in LMIC that assessed anthropometry and any of cardiovascular risk (blood pressure, physical activity, plasma glucose/lipid profile and substance misuse), puberty (age at menarche, Tanner staging, or other form of pubertal staging) or cognitive outcomes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337399/impact-of-pregnancy-on-psychoactive-substance-use-among-women-with-substance-use-disorders-recruited-in-addiction-specialized-care-centers-in-france
#2
Liselotte Pochard, Julie Dupouy, Elisabeth Frauger, Adeline Giocanti, Joëlle Micallef, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre
Pregnancy can be a motivation for decrease in drug abusing but may also represent a period of high vulnerability for relapse.We aimed to assess psychoactive substance use among women with substance use disorders followed in addiction care centers in France. We analyzed data from women aged 15-44 years included in the 'Observation of illegal drugs and misuse of psychotropic medication survey' (OPPIDUM), an annualcross-sectional survey collecting details on psychoactive substances used. Characteristics of women included in 2005 to 2012 yearly surveys were compared depending on their pregnant or not pregnant status...
January 16, 2018: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336846/sex-differences-in-prevalence-of-emergency-department-patient-substance-use
#3
Robert D Cannon, Gillian A Beauchamp, Paige Roth, Jennifer Stephens, David B Burmeister, David M Richardson, Alanna M Balbi, Tennessee D Park, Stephen W Dusza, Marna Rayl Greenberg
PURPOSE: Substance use and misuse is prevalent in emergency department (ED) populations. While the prevalence of substance use and misuse is reported, sex-specific trends in ED populations have not been documented. We set out to determine the sex-specific prevalence of ED patient substance use during this current epidemic. METHODS: A retrospective electronic data abstraction tool, developed for quality-improvement purposes, was used to assess ED visits in 3 hospitals in northeastern Pennsylvania...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336719/bidirectional-relationships-between-alcohol-specific-parental-socialization-behaviors-and-adolescent-alcohol-misuse
#4
Melissa J Cox, Susan T Ennett, Vangie Foshee, Andrea Hussong, Melissa Lippold, H Luz McNaughton-Reyes
BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies have examined parental influence on adolescent alcohol misuse, few have examined how adolescents impact parental behavior or the reciprocal nature of parent-adolescent behavior relative to alcohol misuse. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed bidirectional relationships between adolescent alcohol misuse and three alcohol-specific parenting behaviors (substance-specific monitoring, permissive communication messages about alcohol, and cautionary communication messages about alcohol)...
January 16, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335329/relocating-patients-from-a-specialist-homeless-healthcare-centre-to-general-practices-a-multi-perspective-study
#5
Kathrine Gibson Smith, Vibhu Paudyal, Katie MacLure, Katrina Forbes-McKay, Carol Buchanan, Liz Wilson, Joan MacLeod, Ann Smith, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: The relocation of formerly homeless patients eligible to transfer from a specialist homeless healthcare centre (SHHC) to mainstream general practices is key to patient integration in the local community. Failure to transition patients conferring eligibility for relocation may also negatively impact on SHHC service delivery. AIM: To explore barriers and facilitators of relocation from the perspectives of formerly homeless patients and healthcare staff involved in their care...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332524/exploring-the-moderating-role-of-problematic-substance-use-in-the-relations-between-borderline-and-antisocial-personality-features-and-intimate-partner-violence
#6
Nicholas A Armenti, Alexandra L Snead, Julia C Babcock
Borderline and antisocial personality features relate to multiple externalizing behaviors, including intimate partner violence (IPV). However, not all individuals with borderline and antisocial traits perpetrate IPV. The strength of the personality-IPV link may be related to problematic substance use. We examined borderline and antisocial personality features, problematic substance use, and IPV in a community sample of couples. Positive relations between both borderline and antisocial features and IPV were stronger in conditions of high problematic alcohol use relative to low problematic alcohol use...
February 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329975/risk-of-suicide-and-non-fatal-self-harm-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-two-matched-cohort-studies
#7
Martin Neovius, Gustaf Bruze, Peter Jacobson, Kajsa Sjöholm, Kari Johansson, Fredrik Granath, Johan Sundström, Ingmar Näslund, Claude Marcus, Johan Ottosson, Markku Peltonen, Lena M S Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery reduces mortality, but might have adverse effects on mental health. We assessed the risk of suicide and self-harm after bariatric surgery compared with non-surgical obesity treatment. METHODS: Suicide and non-fatal self-harm events retrieved from nationwide Swedish registers were examined in two cohorts. The non-randomised, prospective Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study compared bariatric surgery (n=2010; 1369 vertical-banded gastroplasty, 376 gastric banding, and 265 gastric bypass) with usual care (n=2037; recruitment 1987-2001)...
January 9, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322813/opioid-drug-poisonings-in-ohio-adolescents-and-young-adults-2002-2014
#8
Sarah Caupp, Janine Steffan, Junxin Shi, Krista K Wheeler, Henry A Spiller, Marcel J Casavant, Henry Xiang
CONTEXT: Opioids represent a drug class that adolescents and young adults intentionally misuse and abuse. When taken on their own or with other substances in this manner, opioids pose an increased risk of overdose and potential death. OBJECTIVE: To determine trends of opioid drug poisonings among adolescents and young adults in Ohio from 2002 to 2014 using Poison Control Center (PCC) data. METHODS: Data were obtained from Ohio PCCs from 2002 to 2014 for opioid drug poisonings amongst 10-29 year olds...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315380/alcohol-and-age
#9
Ilana B Crome, Peter Crome
Alcohol consumption constitutes a substantial burden of disease. Older people are being admitted to hospital for alcohol problems in increasing numbers. A recent systematic review reports cautious supportive evidence for primary prevention interventions in reducing excessive alcohol consumption in older drinkers, but does not focus on treatment of dependent drinkers. The evidence base for treatment interventions for dependent drinkers is comparatively limited, but it is growing. In addition to brief interventions, specialist outpatient treatment and inpatient treatment have been evaluated...
January 5, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314075/alcohol-and-opioid-use-co-use-and-chronic-pain-in-the-context-of-the-opioid-epidemic-a-critical-review
#10
Katie Witkiewitz, Kevin E Vowles
The dramatic increase in opioid misuse, opioid use disorder (OUD), and opioid-related overdose deaths in the United States has led to public outcry, policy statements, and funding initiatives. Meanwhile, alcohol misuse and alcohol use disorder is a highly prevalent public health problem associated with considerable individual and societal costs. This paper provides a critical review of alcohol and opioid misuse, including issues of prevalence, morbidity, and societal costs. We also review research on interactions between alcohol and opioid use, the influence of opioids and alcohol on alcohol use disorder (AUD) and OUD treatment outcomes, respectively, the role of pain in the co-use of alcohol and opioids, and treatment of comorbid OUD and AUD...
January 4, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303402/examining-the-relationship-between-religious-coping-and-the-misuse-of-prescription-stimulants-among-a-sample-of-undergraduate-students
#11
Andrew R Gallucci, Christine Hackman, Amanda Wilkerson
BACKGROUND: There is a well-established inverse relationship in undergraduate samples between a person's religious coping and substance abuse. Positive religious coping (PRC) has been associated with decreases in the use of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Investigations examining prescription drug misuse and PRC found that higher levels of PRC were related to a reduction in the misuse of some prescription drugs. However, the literature has yet to identify an inverse relationship between PRC and the misuse of prescription stimulants (MPS) among undergraduates...
January 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298737/a-feasible-model-for-early-intervention-for-high-risk-substance-use-in-the-emergency-department-setting
#12
Rebecca Howard, Stephanie Fry, Andrew Chan, Brigid Ryan, Yvonne Bonomo
Objective In response to escalating alcohol and other drug (AOD)-related emergency department (ED) presentations, a tertiary Melbourne hospital embedded experienced AOD clinical nurse consultants in the ED on weekends to trial a model for screening, assessment and brief intervention (BI). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relative contributions of AOD to ED presentations and to pilot a BI model.Methods Using a customised AOD screening tool and a framework for proactive case finding, screened participants were offered a comprehensive AOD assessment and BI in the ED...
January 4, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297725/prescription-drug-monitoring-programs-and-pharmacist-orientation-toward-dispensing-controlled-substances
#13
Michael Fendrich, Janelle K Bryan, Katinka Hooyer
OBJECTIVES: We sought to understand how pharmacists viewed and used a newly implemented prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP). We also sought to understand pharmacist orientation toward dispensing of controlled substances and the people who obtain them. METHODS: We conducted three mini focus groups. The focus group findings were used to inform the design of a structured survey. We emailed a survey to 160 pharmacists who were employed in one statewide community chain store; we obtained 48 survey responses...
January 3, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294666/exploring-bullying-perpetration-and-victimization-among-adolescent-girls-in-the-child-welfare-system-bully-only-victim-only-bully-victim-and-noninvolved-roles
#14
Paul R Sterzing, Wendy F Auslander, G Allen Ratliff, Donald R Gerke, Tonya Edmond, Melissa Jonson-Reid
Childhood abuse is a common experience for youth in the child welfare system, increasing their risk of bullying perpetration and victimization. Little research exists that has examined the rates of bullying perpetration and victimization for child welfare-involved adolescent girls. The study addressed the following aims: (a) to generate frequency estimates of physical, nonphysical, and relational forms of bullying perpetration and victimization; (b) to identify the frequency of bully-only, victim-only, bully-victim, and noninvolved roles; and (c) to identify risk and protective factors that correlate with these bullying role types...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290737/abuse-and-misuse-of-selected-dietary-supplements-among-adolescents-a-look-at-poison-center-data
#15
Jessica M Biggs, Jill A Morgan, Allison B Lardieri, Omayma A Kishk, Wendy Klein-Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: The use of dietary supplements has increased and is associated with adverse effects. Indications for use include recreation, body image concerns, mood enhancement, or control of medical conditions. The risk of adverse effects may be enhanced if agents are used improperly. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of abuse and misuse of 4 dietary substances among adolescents reported nationally to poison centers. Secondary outcomes included an assessment of medical outcomes, clinical effects, location of treatments provided, and treatments administered...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288746/a-new-synthetic-drug-5-2-aminopropyl-indole-5-it-induces-rewarding-effects-and-increases-dopamine-d1-receptor-and-dopamine-transporter-mrna-levels
#16
Chrislean Jun Botanas, Seong Shoon Yoon, June Bryan de la Peña, Irene Joy Dela Peña, Mikyung Kim, Raly James Custodio, Taeseon Woo, Joung-Wook Seo, Choon-Gon Jang, Ji Seul Yang, Yoon Mi Yoon, Yong Sup Lee, Hee Jin Kim, Jae Hoon Cheong
In recent years, there has been a marked increase in the use of recreational synthetic psychoactive substances, which is a cause of concern among healthcare providers and legal authorities. In particular, there have been reports on the misuse of 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole (5-API; 5-IT), a new synthetic drug, and of fatal and non-fatal intoxication. Despite these reports, little is known about its psychopharmacological effects and abuse potential. Here, we investigated the abuse potential of 5-IT by evaluating its rewarding and reinforcing effects through conditioned place preference (CPP) (1, 10, and 30 mg/kg, i...
December 27, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286590/the-association-between-sleep-apnea-and-suicidal-thought-and-behavior-an-analysis-of-national-survey-data
#17
Todd M Bishop, Lisham Ashrafioun, Wilfred R Pigeon
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbances have been associated with increased risk for suicidal thought and behavior. The literature in regard to sleep and suicide, however, has focused predominantly on generalized sleep disturbance or insomnia. The purpose of the current study is to examine relationships among sleep apnea and suicidal thought and behavior using a nationally representative sample. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of 2014 data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277167/physicians-experiences-of-sbirt-training-and-implementation-for-sud-management-in-primary-care-in-the-uae-a-qualitative-study
#18
Christiane Pflanz-Sinclair, Catriona Matheson, Christine M Bond, Amna Almarzouqi, Amanda J Lee, Anwar Batieha, Hamad Al Ghaferi, Ahmed El Kashef
Aim The objective of this paper is to present a qualitative study of introducing substance misuse screening using the Screening Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) model, in primary care in Abu Dhabi. BACKGROUND: Substance misuse in the UAE is an increasing problem. However religious beliefs and fear of legal consequences have prevented this topic from being openly discussed, risk levels identified through screening and treatment options offered. METHODS: A controlled trial was undertaken which included a qualitative process study which is reported here...
December 26, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261427/addiction-vulnerability-exploring-relationships-between-cigarette-smoking-substance-misuse-and-early-psychosis
#19
Vanessa Clark, Agatha M Conrad, Terry J Lewin, Amanda L Baker, Sean A Halpin, Ketrina A Sly, Juanita Todd
OBJECTIVE: Smoking rates in adolescents at risk of psychosis are significantly greater than those who are not at risk. Recent research suggests that cigarette smoking in adolescence may be a potential marker of transition to psychosis, although the exact relationship between the two remains unclear. Our aim was to examine whether tobacco smoking is a potential marker of transition to psychosis or subsequent episodes of psychosis, independently of other substance use, or alternatively, if smoking is essentially a general marker of later mental illness episodes...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251380/the-relationship-between-dsm-5-ptsd-symptom-clusters-and-alcohol-misuse-among-military-veterans
#20
Jessica L Walton, Amanda M Raines, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Desirae N Vidaurri, Margo C Villarosa-Hurlocker, C L Franklin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior research has revealed a strong relationship between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and alcohol misuse. However, previous attempts to understand nuanced associations between PTSD symptom clusters and alcohol misuse within military veteran samples have produced mixed results. In an attempt to better understand the associations between PTSD and alcohol misuse, the current study examined the unique relationships between the newly classified Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) PTSD symptom clusters and alcohol misuse in an outpatient sample of military veterans seeking treatment for PTSD and Substance Use Disorders...
December 18, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
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