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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622056/psychosocial-and-health-related-risk-factors-for-depressive-symptom-trajectories-among-midlife-women-over-15-years-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation-swan
#1
Joyce T Bromberger, Laura L Schott, Nancy E Avis, Sybil L Crawford, Sioban D Harlow, Hadine Joffe, Howard M Kravitz, Karen A Matthews
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial and health-related risk factors for depressive symptoms are known. It is unclear if these are associated with depressive symptom patterns over time. We identified trajectories of depressive symptoms and their risk factors among midlife women followed over 15 years. METHODS: Participants were 3300 multiracial/ethnic women enrolled in a multisite longitudinal menopause and aging study, Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Biological, psychosocial, and depressive symptom data were collected approximately annually...
April 6, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448019/recovery-of-black-necked-swans-macrophytes-and-water-quality-in-a-ramsar-wetland-of-southern-chile-assessing-resilience-following-sudden-anthropogenic-disturbances
#2
Eduardo Jaramillo, Nelson A Lagos, Fabio A Labra, Enrique Paredes, Emilio Acuña, Daniel Melnick, Mario Manzano, Carlos Velásquez, Cristian Duarte
In 2004 migration and mortality for unknown reasons of the herbivorous Black necked swan (Cygnus melancorhyphus (Molina, 1782)) occurred within the Río Cruces wetland (southern Chile), a Ramsar Site and nature sanctuary. Before 2004, this wetland hosted the largest breeding population of this water bird in the Neotropic Realm. The concurrent decrease in the spatial occurrence of the aquatic plant Egeria densa Planch. 1849 - the main food source of swans - was proposed as a cause for swan migration and mortality...
July 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428650/multispecies-benefits-of-wetland-conservation-for-marsh-birds-frogs-and-species-at-risk
#3
Douglas C Tozer, Owen Steele, Mark Gloutney
Wetlands conserved using water level manipulation, cattle exclusion, naturalization of uplands, and other techniques under the North American Waterfowl Management Plan ("conservation project wetlands") are important for ducks, geese, and swans ("waterfowl"). However, the assumption that conservation actions for waterfowl also benefit other wildlife is rarely quantified. We modeled detection and occupancy of species at sites within 42 conservation project wetlands compared to sites within 52 similar nearby unmanaged wetlands throughout southern Ontario, Canada, and small portions of the adjacent U...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410395/two-reassortant-types-of-highly-pathogenic-h5n8-avian-influenza-virus-from-wild-birds-in-central-china-in-2016
#4
Liping Ma, Tao Jin, Hanzhong Wang, Haizhou Liu, Runkun Wang, Yong Li, Guoxiang Yang, Yanping Xiong, Jing Chen, Jun Zhang, Guang Chen, Wei Li, Di Liu, Peng Lin, Yueying Huang, George F Gao, Quanjiao Chen
Since 2016, the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 virus has emerged in the Central Asian flyway and Europe, causing massive deaths in poultry and wild birds. In this study, we isolated and identified three H5N8 viruses from swan goose and black swans in Hubei province during the 2016/2017 winter season. Whole-genome sequencing and phylogenetic analysis revealed that the three viruses clustered into a group of H5N8 viruses from Qinghai Lake and Europe. A novel reassortment virus from swan goose was distinguished from that of black swans, in that its PA and NP genes were distinct from those of Qinghai Lake viruses...
February 7, 2018: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220884/a-black-swan-in-clinical-laboratory-practice-the-analytical-error-due-to-interferences-in-immunoassay-methods
#5
Aldo Clerico, Lucia Belloni, Cinzia Carrozza, Mario Correale, Ruggero Dittadi, Claudio Dotti, Antonio Fortunato, Giulio Vignati, Gian Carlo Zucchelli, Marco Migliardi
It is well known that the results of immunoassay methods can be affected by specific or non-specific interferences, ranging from 0.4% to 4.0%. The presence of interference may greatly compromise the accuracy of immunoassay analyses causing an error in the measurement, producing false-positive or false-negative results. From a clinical point of view, these analytical errors may have serious implications for patient care because they can cause misdiagnosis or inappropriate treatment. Unfortunately, it is a very difficult task to identify the irregular analytical errors related to immunoassay methods because they are not detectable by normal laboratory quality control procedures, are reproducible within the test system, may be clinically plausible and are relatively rare...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121275/black-swans-challenging-the-relationship-of-anaesthetic-induced-unconsciousness-and-electroencephalographic-oscillations-in-the-frontal-cortex
#6
G A Mashour, M S Avidan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094402/black-swans-cognition-and-the-power-of-learning-from-failure
#7
Allison S Catalano, Kent Redford, Richard Margoluis, Andrew T Knight
Failure carries undeniable stigma and is difficult to confront for individuals, teams, and organizations. Disciplines such as commercial and military aviation, medicine, and business have long histories of grappling with it, beginning with the recognition that failure is inevitable in every human endeavor. Although conservation may arguably be more complex, conservation professionals can draw on the research and experience of these other disciplines to institutionalize activities and attitudes that foster learning from failure, whether they are minor setbacks or major disasters...
November 1, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075805/the-effect-of-insulin-on-bone-mineral-density-among-women-with-type-2-diabetes-a-swan-pharmacoepidemiology-study
#8
K Ruppert, J Cauley, Y Lian, J C Zgibor, C Derby, D H Solomon
This was a longitudinal study examining the effects of insulin use on bone mineral density loss. Insulin use was found to be associated with greater bone mineral density loss at the femoral neck among women with diabetes mellitus. INTRODUCTION: Women with diabetes mellitus (DM) have higher bone mineral density (BMD) and experience slower BMD loss but have an increased risk of fracture. The data regarding the effect of insulin treatment on BMD remains conflicted. We examined the impact of insulin initiation on BMD...
February 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073091/reply-to-youngflesh-and-lynch-migration-and-population-growth-rate-in-animal-black-swan-events
#9
Sean C Anderson, Trevor A Branch, Andrew B Cooper, Nicholas K Dulvy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953566/in-search-of-black-swans-identifying-students-at-risk-of-failing-licensing-examinations
#10
Cassandra Barber, Robert Hammond, Lorne Gula, Gary Tithecott, Saad Chahine
PURPOSE: To determine which admissions variables and curricular outcomes are predictive of being at risk of failing the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination Part 1 (MCCQE1), how quickly student risk of failure can be predicted, and to what extent predictive modeling is possible and accurate in estimating future student risk. METHOD: Data from five graduating cohorts (2011-2015), Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, were collected and analyzed using hierarchical generalized linear models (HGLMs)...
March 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947472/detection-of-oxa-58-producing-acinetobacter-seifertii-recovered-from-a-black-necked-swan-at-a-zoo-lake
#11
LETTER
Ana Clara Narciso, Willames M B S Martins, Rodrigo Cayô, Adriana Pereira de Matos, Stéfanie Vanessa Santos, Patrícia Locosque Ramos, João Batista da Cruz, Ana Cristina Gales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901043/survey-design-for-precise-fire-management-conservation-targets
#12
Holly Sitters, Julian Di Stefano, Timothy Wills, Matthew Swan, Alan York
Common goals of ecological fire management are to sustain biodiversity and minimize extinction risk. A novel approach to achieving these goals determines the relative proportions of vegetation growth stages (equivalent to successional stages, which are categorical representations of time since fire) that maximize a biodiversity index. The method combines data describing species abundances in each growth stage with numerical optimization to define an optimal growth-stage structure that provides a conservation-based operational target for managers...
January 2018: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815716/characterization-of-h5n6-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-viruses-isolated-from-wild-and-captive-birds-in-the-winter-season-of-2016-2017-in-northern-japan
#13
Takahiro Hiono, Masatoshi Okamatsu, Keita Matsuno, Atsushi Haga, Ritsuko Iwata, Lam Thanh Nguyen, Mizuho Suzuki, Yuto Kikutani, Hiroshi Kida, Manabu Onuma, Yoshihiro Sakoda
On November 15, 2016, a suspected case of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in a dead black swan was reported from a zoo in Akita prefecture, northern Japan, and an HPAI virus (HPAIV) belonging to the H5N6 subtype was isolated from specimens taken from the bird. After the initial report, 230 cases of HPAI caused by H5N6 viruses were reported from wild birds, captive birds, and domestic poultry farms throughout the country during the winter season. In the present study, we further characterized 66 H5N6 HPAIVs isolated from northern Japan...
August 16, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763398/cardiovascular-fat-in-women-at-midlife-effects-of-race-overall-adiposity-and-central-adiposity-the-swan-cardiovascular-fat-study
#14
Carrie Hanley, Karen A Matthews, Maria M Brooks, Imke Janssen, Matthew J Budoff, Akira Sekikawa, Suresh Mulukutla, Samar R El Khoudary
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular fat (CF) is associated with greater coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. Postmenopausal women have greater CF volumes than premenopausal women, and the association between specific CF depot volumes and CHD risk is more pronounced after menopause. Race, central adiposity, and visceral adiposity are important factors that could impact CF volumes. Whether racial differences in CF volumes and in their associations with central (visceral fat [VAT]) and general adiposity (body mass index [BMI]) exist in midlife women have not been addressed before...
January 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754112/pharmacokinetics-bioavailability-and-dose-assessment-of-cefquinome-against-escherichia-coli-in-black-swans-cygnus-atratus
#15
Dong-Hao Zhao, Xu-Feng Wang, Qiang Wang, Liu-Dong Li
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to investigate pharmacokinetics and dose regimens of cefquinome in black swans following intravenous (IV) and intramuscular (IM) administration at a single dose of 2 mg/kg. The MICs of cefquinome against 49 Escherichia coli isolates from black swans were determined. Monte Carlo simulation was applied to conduct the dose regimen assessment and optimization of cefquinome against E. coli in black swans, and a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) cutoff was established for E...
July 28, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747476/ancient-dna-and-morphometric-analysis-reveal-extinction-and-replacement-of-new-zealand-s-unique-black-swans
#16
Nicolas J Rawlence, Afroditi Kardamaki, Luke J Easton, Alan J D Tennyson, R Paul Scofield, Jonathan M Waters
Prehistoric human impacts on megafaunal populations have dramatically reshaped ecosystems worldwide. However, the effects of human exploitation on smaller species, such as anatids (ducks, geese, and swans) are less clear. In this study we apply ancient DNA and osteological approaches to reassess the history of Australasia's iconic black swans ( Cygnus atratus ) including the palaeo-behaviour of prehistoric populations. Our study shows that at the time of human colonization, New Zealand housed a genetically, morphologically, and potentially ecologically distinct swan lineage ( C...
July 26, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725285/free-will-black-swans-and-addiction
#17
Ted Fenton, Reinout W Wiers
The current dominant perspective on addiction as a brain disease has been challenged recently by Marc Lewis, who argued that the brain-changes related to addiction are similar to everyday changes of the brain. From this alternative perspective, addictions are bad habits that can be broken, provided that people are motivated to change. In that case, autonomous choice or "free will" can overcome bad influences from genes and or environments and brain-changes related to addiction. Even though we concur with Lewis that there are issues with the brain disease perspective, we also argue that pointing to black swans can be important, that is: there can be severe cases where addiction indeed tips over into the category of brain disease, but obviously that does not prove that every case of addiction falls into the disease category, that all swans are black...
2017: Neuroethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660469/childhood-socioeconomic-circumstances-and-depressive-symptom-burden-across-15-years-of-follow-up-during-midlife-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation-swan
#18
Joyce T Bromberger, Laura L Schott, Karen A Matthews, Howard M Kravitz, Siobán D Harlow, Jennifer Karas Montez
Childhood socioeconomic disadvantage may contribute to adult depression. Understanding pathways by which early socioeconomic adversity may shape adult depression is important for identifying areas for intervention. Studies to date have focused on one potential pathway, adult socioeconomic status (SES), and assessed depression at only one or a few time points. Our aims were to examine (a) the association between childhood SES (low vs. high) and depressive symptom burden in midlife and (b) whether adult socioeconomic, psychosocial, and physical health characteristics are important pathways...
August 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607230/preventing-torture-for-people-deprived-of-freedom-the-atlantic-hope-and-black-swan-prison-model
#19
Ernest N Ogbozor, Mara L Schoeny, Andrew Baer
International law and minimum standards provide certain protection for detainees and prisoners of war (POW) against torture and ill-treatment. Places of detention and parties to conflicts are often monitored to ensure that they adhere to the required standards through, for example, visits to individual detainees and the assessment of facilities. However, monitoring between the point of arrest and eventual remand in prisons is largely inadequate. This paper explains an emerging model to enhance protection of prisoners through readiness training for prospective humanitarian personnel...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500088/spotting-the-black-swan-why-emergency-medicine-is-ahead-of-the-curve
#20
EDITORIAL
Damian Roland
"Black Swans", originally described as an economic theory, are unexpected events whose potential to occur only becomes apparent after they have happened. The concept is very relevant to the practice of Emergency Medicine and this article explores how black swans impact on emergency care and how staff unconsciously aim to mitigate against them.
May 12, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
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