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Fundamental movement skills

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636423/fundamental-motor-skills-a-systematic-review-of-terminology
#1
Samuel W Logan, Samantha M Ross, Keanu Chee, David F Stodden, Leah E Robinson
The three aims of this systematic review are to describe: (1) use of the term fundamental motor/movement skills (FMS) in published articles; (2) the quality of definitions; and (3) relative use of process- and product- oriented assessments to measure FMS. The inclusion criteria included: (a) peer-reviewed article, (b) printed in English, (c) published between January 2000 and 31 December 2015, (d) presence of either the term "fundamental motor or movement skill" in the title and/or abstract, and (e) FMS were a measured outcome...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593124/pragmatic-evaluation-of-the-go2play-active-play-intervention-on-physical-activity-and-fundamental-movement-skills-in-children
#2
Avril Johnstone, Adrienne R Hughes, Xanne Janssen, John J Reilly
Active play is a novel approach to addressing low physical activity levels and fundamental movement skills (FMS) in children. This study aimed to determine if a new school-based, 'Go2Play Active Play' intervention improved school day physical activity and FMS. This was a pragmatic evaluation conducted in Scotland during 2015-16. Participants (n = 172; mean age = 7 years) were recruited from seven primary schools taking part in the 5-month intervention, plus 24 participants not receiving the intervention were recruited to act as a comparison group...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555097/training-on-movement-figure-ground-discrimination-remediates-low-level-visual-timing-deficits-in-the-dorsal-stream-improving-high-level-cognitive-functioning-including-attention-reading-fluency-and-working-memory
#3
Teri Lawton, John Shelley-Tremblay
The purpose of this study was to determine whether neurotraining to discriminate a moving test pattern relative to a stationary background, figure-ground discrimination, improves vision and cognitive functioning in dyslexics, as well as typically-developing normal students. We predict that improving the speed and sensitivity of figure-ground movement discrimination (PATH to Reading neurotraining) acts to remediate visual timing deficits in the dorsal stream, thereby improving processing speed, reading fluency, and the executive control functions of attention and working memory in both dyslexic and normal students who had PATH neurotraining more than in those students who had no neurotraining...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534433/skating-start-propulsion-three-dimensional-kinematic-analysis-of-elite-male-and-female-ice-hockey-players
#4
Jaymee R Shell, Shawn M K Robbins, Philippe C Dixon, Philippe J Renaud, René A Turcotte, Tom Wu, David J Pearsall
The forward skating start is a fundamental skill for male and female ice hockey players. However, performance differences by athlete's sex cannot be fully explained by physiological variables; hence, other factors such as skating technique warrant examination. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the body movement kinematics of ice hockey skating starts between elite male and female ice hockey participants. Male (n = 9) and female (n = 10) elite ice hockey players performed five forward skating start accelerations...
May 23, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532318/potential-moderators-of-day-to-day-variability-in-children-s-physical-activity-patterns
#5
Nicola D Ridgers, Lisa M Barnett, David R Lubans, Anna Timperio, Ester Cerin, Jo Salmon
Little is known about whether physical activity compensation occurs and, if so, what are potential moderators of such responses. This study examined whether children's physical activity, sedentary time and energy expenditure on one day was associated with these behaviours the following day, and what factors may moderate observed associations. One hundred and twenty-seven children (8-11 years) wore an ActiGraph accelerometer for eight days. Time spent in sedentary time and physical activity was obtained. Daily energy expenditure was also assessed using a SenseWear Armband (n=98)...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528435/benefits-of-a-regular-vs-irregular-rhythm-based-training-programme-on-physical-fitness-and-motor-skills-in-obese-girls
#6
Ghazi Racil, Wassim Elmontassar, Imen Rommene, Claire Tourny, Anis Chaouachi, Jeremy B Coquart
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to examine the impact of a physical exercise programme including rhythmic elements (regular and irregular tempos) on physiological variables, motor skills (MS), and jump performances in obese girls. METHODS: Thirty-six obese girls (age: 10.4 ± 0.9 years, body mass: 58.7 ± 4.0 kg, height: 1.37 ± 0.04 m, body mass index: 31.2 ± 2.1) participated in three weekly physical exercise sessions for 6 weeks, with each session consisting of basic fundamental locomotor movements...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506451/motor-skill-development-in-low-income-at-risk-preschoolers-a-community-based-longitudinal-intervention-study
#7
Laura L Bellows, Patricia L Davies, Jimikaye B Courtney, William J Gavin, Susan L Johnson, Richard E Boles
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to: (1) determine the status of fundamental movement skill (FMS) performance in low-income, at-risk preschoolers; and (2) evaluate the impact of the Food Friends Get Movin' with Mighty Moves (MM) program on improving children's FMS at two-year follow-up. DESIGN: Longitudinal, quasi-experimental study with matched controls. METHODS: The Colorado LEAP study was conducted in four Head Start/preschools (two intervention, two control) serving children aged 3-5 years...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499158/multi-segmental-movement-patterns-reflect-juggling-complexity-and-skill-level
#8
Matteo Zago, Ilaria Pacifici, Nicola Lovecchio, Manuela Galli, Peter Andreas Federolf, Chiarella Sforza
The juggling action of six experts and six intermediates jugglers was recorded with a motion capture system and decomposed into its fundamental components through Principal Component Analysis. The aim was to quantify trends in movement dimensionality, multi-segmental patterns and rhythmicity as a function of proficiency level and task complexity. Dimensionality was quantified in terms of Residual Variance, while the Relative Amplitude was introduced to account for individual differences in movement components...
May 9, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494321/objective-assessment-of-movement-competence-in-children-using-wearable-sensors-an-instrumented-version-of-the-tgmd-2-locomotor-subtest
#9
Maria Cristina Bisi, G Pacini Panebianco, R Polman, R Stagni
Movement competence (MC) is defined as the development of sufficient skill to assure successful performance in different physical activities. Monitoring children MC during maturation is fundamental to detect early minor delays and define effective intervention. To this purpose, several MC assessment batteries are available. When evaluating movement strategies, with the aim of identifying specific skill components that may need improving, widespread MC assessment is limited by high time consumption for scoring and the need for trained operators to ensure reliability...
July 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487140/feasibility-and-efficacy-of-the-great-leaders-active-students-glass-program-on-children-s-physical-activity-and-object-control-skill-competency-a-non-randomised-trial
#10
Nicole Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Mark R Beauchamp, Kristen Cohen, Ryan M Hulteen, Mark Babic, Luke Wolfenden, David R Lubans
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the feasibility and efficacy of the Great Leaders Active StudentS (GLASS) program, a school-based peer-led physical activity and object control skill intervention. DESIGN: The study employed a quasi-experimental design. METHODS: The study was conducted in two elementary schools, one intervention and one comparison, in Newcastle, New South Wales (NSW), Australia from April to June 2015 (N=224 students)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448557/are-sex-differences-in-fundamental-motor-skills-uniform-throughout-the-entire-preschool-period
#11
Jakub Kokštejn, Martin Musálek, James J Tufano
The aim of this study was to assess differences in fundamental motor skills (FMS) proficiency between boys and girls of each age group, independently, across the entire preschool period. Using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-second edition, FMS proficiency was tested in 325 preschoolers (4.9 ± 1.1 y, range 3-6) using a cross-sectional design. Compared to boys of the same age, 3- and 4-year-old girls had greater total (p < .01), fine motor skill (p < .01), and balance scores (p < .05)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406356/the-association-between-fundamental-athletic-movements-and-physical-fitness-in-elite-junior-australian-footballers
#12
Carl T Woods, Ian McKeown, Justin Keogh, Sam Robertson
This study investigated the associations between fundamental athletic movement and physical fitness in junior Australian football (AF). Forty-four under 18 players performed a fundamental athletic movement assessment consisting of an overhead squat, double lunge, single leg Romanian deadlift and a push up. Movements were scored on three assessment criterions using a three-point scale. Additionally, participants performed five physical fitness tests commonly used for talent identification in AF. A Spearman's nonparametric correlation matrix was built, with correlation coefficients being visualised using a circularly rendered correlogram...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386652/interventions-to-promote-fundamental-movement-skills-in-childcare-and-kindergarten-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Kristin Wick, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Nico D Monn, Thomas Radtke, Laura V Ott, Cornelia E Rebholz, Sergio Cruz, Natalie Gerber, Einat A Schmutz, Jardena J Puder, Simone Munsch, Tanja H Kakebeeke, Oskar G Jenni, Urs Granacher, Susi Kriemler
BACKGROUND: Proficiency in fundamental movement skills (FMS) lays the foundation for being physically active and developing more complex motor skills. Improving these motor skills may provide enhanced opportunities for the development of a variety of perceptual, social, and cognitive skills. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effects of FMS interventions on actual FMS, targeting typically developing young children...
April 6, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376671/fundamental-motor-skill-proficiency-of-6-to-9-year-old-singaporean-children
#14
Swarup Mukherjee, Jamie Lye Ching Ting, Hin Fong Leong
Fundamental movement proficiency (FMS) is most successfully acquired during early school years. This cross-sectional study assessed FMS proficiency in Singaporean children at the start of and following 2.5 years of primary school physical education (PE). Participants were 244 children from Primary 1 and 3 levels. Fundamental movement skills (FMS) were assessed with the Test of Gross Motor Development-Second Edition (TGMD-2) that includes locomotor (LOCO) and object control (OC) subtests. Most children were rated "average" and "below average" for LOCO skills but "poor" and "below average" for OC skills without significant gender differences on either subtest or overall FMS proficiency and without FMS mastery...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361654/effect-of-a-6-week-active-play-intervention-on-fundamental-movement-skill-competence-of-preschool-children
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J D Foulkes, Z Knowles, S J Fairclough, G Stratton, M O'Dwyer, N D Ridgers, L Foweather
This study examined the effectiveness of an active play intervention on fundamental movement skills of 3- to 5-year-old children from deprived communities. In a cluster randomized controlled trial design, six preschools received a resource pack and a 6-week local authority program involving staff training with help implementing 60-minute weekly sessions and postprogram support. Six comparison preschools received a resource pack only. Twelve skills were assessed at baseline, postintervention, and at a 6-month follow-up using the Children's Activity and Movement in Preschool Study Motor Skills Protocol...
April 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352243/behavioral-dynamics-in-swimming-the-appropriate-use-of-inertial-measurement-units
#16
REVIEW
Brice Guignard, Annie Rouard, Didier Chollet, Ludovic Seifert
Motor control in swimming can be analyzed using low- and high-order parameters of behavior. Low-order parameters generally refer to the superficial aspects of movement (i.e., position, velocity, acceleration), whereas high-order parameters capture the dynamics of movement coordination. To assess human aquatic behavior, both types have usually been investigated with multi-camera systems, as they offer high three-dimensional spatial accuracy. Research in ecological dynamics has shown that movement system variability can be viewed as a functional property of skilled performers, helping them adapt their movements to the surrounding constraints...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346315/the-effects-of-10-weeks-integrated-neuromuscular-training-on-fundamental-movement-skills-and-physical-self-efficacy-in-6-7-year-old-children
#17
Michael J Duncan, Emma L J Eyre, Samuel W Oxford
Integrated neuromuscular training (INT) has been suggested as an effective means to enhance athletic potential in children. However, few studies have reported the effects of school based INT programs. This study examined the effect of INT on process and product fundamental movement skill measures and physical self-efficacy in 6-7 year old children. Ninety-four children from 2 primary schools were randomised into either a 10 week INT program or a control group CON (n =41) group. Results indicated significantly greater increases in process FMS scores in INT vs CON (P = 0...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342686/taiji-tai-chi-for-fall-prevention-in-the-elderly-training-the-trainers-evaluation-project
#18
Lucy Bartimole, Mary A Fristad
Falls in the elderly are common and a major, costly health problem. Taiji addresses many issues related to fall risk. We determined whether intensive weekend training can sufficiently train persons who have baseline familiarity with Taiji to model and teach fundamentals of Taiji to the elderly. Prior to training, registrants received a manual, video and online links for review and practice. Assessments were completed pre-/post-training. Training occurred in four cities of one state. 34 adults completed training, two did not complete evaluations (ns = 12, 13, 4, and 5 at the four sites)...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303100/a-neural-dynamic-architecture-for-reaching-and-grasping-integrates-perception-and-movement-generation-and-enables-on-line-updating
#19
Guido Knips, Stephan K U Zibner, Hendrik Reimann, Gregor Schöner
Reaching for objects and grasping them is a fundamental skill for any autonomous robot that interacts with its environment. Although this skill seems trivial to adults, who effortlessly pick up even objects they have never seen before, it is hard for other animals, for human infants, and for most autonomous robots. Any time during movement preparation and execution, human reaching movement are updated if the visual scene changes (with a delay of about 100 ms). The capability for online updating highlights how tightly perception, movement planning, and movement generation are integrated in humans...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282760/the-relationship-between-fundamental-movement-skill-proficiency-and-physical-self-confidence-among-adolescents
#20
Bronagh McGrane, Sarahjane Belton, Danielle Powell, Johann Issartel
This study aims to assess fundamental movement skill (FMS) proficiency, physical self-confidence levels, and the relationship between these variables and gender differences among adolescents. Three hundred and ninety five adolescents aged 13.78 years (SD = ±1.2) from 20 schools were involved in this study. The Test of Gross Motor Development-2nd Edition (TGMD), TGMD-2 and Victorian Skills Manual were used to assess 15 FMS. Participants' physical self-confidence was also assessed using a valid skill-specific scale...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
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