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Fundamental movement skills

Ovande Furtado, Jere D Gallagher
Fundamental movement skills (FMS) play a crucial role in a child's motor skill development, as their mastery is related to the acquisition and mastery of specialized sport skills and to a child's general health through the prevention of weight gain and increased level of physical activity. Thus, the accurate and reliable measurement of FMS is of related importance. This article presents the results of two studies intended to assess expert-rater agreement and inter-/intrarater scoring reliability in the administration of a new observational FMS instrument, the Furtado-Gallagher Computerized Observational Movement Pattern Assessment System (FG-COMPASS)...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Vanessa Era, Matteo Candidi, Marco Gandolfo, Lucia Maria Sacheli, Salvatore Maria Aglioti
Creating real-life dynamic contexts to study interactive behaviors is a fundamental challenge for the social neuroscience of interpersonal relations. Real synchronic interpersonal motor interactions involve online, inter-individual mutual adaptation (the ability to adapt one's movements to those of another in order to achieve a shared goal). In order to study the contribution of the left anterior Intra Parietal Sulcus (aIPS) (i.e. a region supporting motor functions) to mutual adaptation, here, we combined a behavioral grasping task where pairs of participants synchronized their actions when performing mutually adaptive imitative and complementary movements, with the inhibition of activity in the aIPS via non-invasive brain stimulation...
April 5, 2018: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Philip J Morgan, Myles D Young, Alyce T Barnes, Narelle Eather, Emma R Pollock, David R Lubans
Background: Existing strategies to increase girls' physical activity levels have seen limited success. Fathers may influence their children's physical activity, but often spend more time with their sons and rarely participate in family-based programs. Purpose: To test a novel program designed to increase the physical activity levels of fathers and their daughters. Methods: In a two-arm RCT, 115 fathers (29-53 years) and 153 daughters (4-12 years) were randomized to (i) the "Dads And Daughters Exercising and Empowered" (DADEE) program, or (ii) a wait-list control...
April 10, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Cheryl Kerfeld, Tracy Jirikowic, Katheryn J Allyn, Murray E Maitland
BACKGROUND: Through play, children develop motor, cognitive, social, and other life skills. Play barriers can impede physical and psychosocial benefits. OBJECTIVES: We describe participation in active play, fundamental movement skills, play environment characteristics, and potential play barriers for school-aged children (6-12 years) who use lower extremity prostheses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed and administered online to parents of children 6-12 years who use lower extremity prostheses...
April 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
John Cairney, Rheanna Bulten, Sara King-Dowling, Kelly Arbour-Nicitopoulos
PURPOSE: The relationship between organized sport participation and positive youth development is well established. However, over-involvement in sport and organized physical activity (e.g., dance) has been identified as having a potentially negative impact. Over-scheduling and its impact on free play is one concern, given the importance of free play to overall health and development. Currently, it is not known if greater participation in organized sport has a positive or negative effect on discretionary free play in children and youth...
April 4, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Laura Joensuu, Heidi Syväoja, Jouni Kallio, Janne Kulmala, Urho M Kujala, Tuija H Tammelin
The aim of this study was to examine and quantify the cross-sectional associations of body composition (BC), physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) with physical fitness (PF) in children and adolescents. A sample of 594 Finnish students (56% girls), aged 9-15 (12.4 ± 1.3 years) were selected for a study performed in 2013. The measurements of the Move! monitoring system for physical functional capacity were used to measure cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal fitness and fundamental movement skills...
April 3, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Oscar M Crespin, Allan Okrainec, Andrea V Kwong, Ilay Habaz, Maria Carolina Jimenez, Peter Szasz, Ethan Weiss, Cecilia G Gonzalez, Jeffrey D Mosko, Louis W C Liu, Lee L Swanstrom, Silvana Perretta, Eran Shlomovitz
BACKGROUND: The fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery (FLS) training box is a validated tool, already accessible to surgical trainees to hone their laparoscopic skills. We aim to investigate the feasibility of adapting the FLS box for the practice and assessment of endoscopic skills. This would allow for a highly available, reusable, low-cost, mechanical trainer. METHODS: The design and development process was based on a user-centered design, which is a combination of the design thinking method and cognitive task analysis...
April 2, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Claire M Barnes, Cain C T Clark, Paul Rees, Gareth Stratton, Huw D Summers
OBJECTIVE: To quantify varied human motion and obtain an objective assessment of relative performance across a cohort. APPROACH: A wrist-worn magnetometer was used to record and quantify the complex motion patterns of 55 children aged 10-12 years old, generated during a fundamental movement skills programme. Sensor-based quantification of the physical activity used dynamic time warping of the magnetometer time series data for pairs of children. Pairwise comparison across the whole cohort produced a similarity matrix of all child to child correlations...
March 27, 2018: Physiological Measurement
Andrew Todd Ham
A thorough understanding of the governing concepts of polarity behavior within electroencephalograph (EEG) promotes analytical and thus technical proficiency of the technologist by providing a skill set to logically resolve the myriad of waveform presentations that are expected across all montage derivations. In addition to avoiding a reliance on cursory conceptualization techniques, a solid grasp of the underlying theory of EEG polarity permits a fundamental realization of the cause-effect relationships between the various directions of eye movement and the resulting multitude of wave deflection presentations observed across all montages...
2018: Neurodiagnostic Journal
Ryan M Hulteen, Philip J Morgan, Lisa M Barnett, David F Stodden, David R Lubans
Evidence supports a positive association between competence in fundamental movement skills (e.g., kicking, jumping) and physical activity in young people. Whilst important, fundamental movement skills do not reflect the broad diversity of skills utilized in physical activity pursuits across the lifespan. Debate surrounds the question of what are the most salient skills to be learned which facilitate physical activity participation across the lifespan. In this paper, it is proposed that the term 'fundamental movement skills' be replaced with 'foundational movement skills'...
March 9, 2018: Sports Medicine
Jessica Page, Caroline Lustenberger, Flavio Fr Hlich
Widespread change in behavior and the underlying brain network substrate is a hallmark of early development. Sleep plays a fundamental role in this process. Both slow waves and spindles are key features of non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM) that exhibit pronounced developmental trajectories from infancy to adulthood. Yet, these prominent features of NREM sleep are poorly understood in infants and toddlers in the age range of 12 to 30 months. Moreover, it is unknown how network dynamics of NREM sleep are associated with outcomes of early development...
February 2, 2018: Sleep
Britt Frisk Pados, Suzanne M Thoyre, Jinhee Park
AIM: To determine reference values for the Child Oral and Motor Proficiency Scale (ChOMPS) based on healthy, typically-developing and typically-eating children between 6 months and 7 years old. METHODS: Parents of children 6 months to 7 years old (n=1057) completed the 63-item ChOMPS. Median, range, 5th and 10th percentiles were calculated for scores on the four subscales of the ChOMPS as well as the total score in each of 11 age groups. RESULTS: Age-based norm-reference values are reported...
February 27, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
J J A A M Hoeboer, G Ongena, M Krijger-Hombergen, E Stolk, G J P Savelsbergh, S I de Vries
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the presented study is to provide age- and gender-related normative values and MQ values for a motor skills test, the Athletic Skills Track, among 4- to 12-year-old children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: In 2016, a total of 7977 Dutch children, 4036 boys (mean age 8.6 years, SD 2.1) and 3941 girls (mean age 8.6 years, SD 2.1), performed an age-related version of the Athletic Skills Track (AST). The AST is a track consisting of 5-7 fundamental movement skill tasks that should be completed as fast as possible...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Lise Comte, Julian D Olden
Dispersal is a fundamental process defining the distribution of organisms and has long been a topic of inquiry in ecology and evolution. Emerging research points to an interdependency of dispersal with a diverse suite of traits in terrestrial organisms, however the extent to which such dispersal syndromes exist in freshwater species remains uncertain. Here, we test whether dispersal in freshwater fishes (1) is a fixed property of species, and (2) correlates with life-history, morphological, ecological and behavioural traits, using a global dataset of dispersal distances collected from the literature encompassing 116 riverine species and 196 locations...
January 31, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Richard Castillo, Juan Alvarado, Pablo Moreno, Pablo Billeke, Carlos Martínez, Julián Varas, Nicolás Jarufe
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to assess reliability and validity of a visual-spatial secondary task (VSST) as a method to measure automaticity on a basic simulated laparoscopic skill model. In motor skill acquisition, expertise is defined by automaticity. The highest level of performance with less cognitive and attentional resources characterizes this stage, allowing experts to perform multiple tasks. Conventional validated parameters as operative time, objective assessment skills scales (OSATS), and movement economy, are insufficient to distinguish if an individual has reached the more advanced learning phases, such as automaticity...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
Emma L J Eyre, Leanne Jaye Walker, Michael J Duncan
The development of fundamental movement skills (FMS) has been associated with children's general health, and, while there is evidence to suggest that age, gender, physical activity, and socioeconomic status relate to FMS, the relationship of ethnicity and language barriers to FMS competence has been underexplored. These factors may be of particular interest for South Asian (SA) children who have lower physical activity and increased risk of metabolic disease. This cross-sectional study examined ethnic and language differences in FMS among 218 ethnically diverse five-year-old children (61 White ethnic background, 91 SA, 29 Black ethnic background, and 37 other), some with English as a native language ( n = 90) and some with English as an additional language ( n = 75), all recruited from within central England...
February 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
C M Capio, T C T Mak, M A Tse, R S W Masters
BACKGROUND: Conclusive evidence supports the importance of fundamental movement skills (FMS) proficiency in promoting physical activity and countering obesity. In children with Down Syndrome (DS), FMS development is delayed, which has been suggested to be associated with balance deficits. This study therefore examined the relationship between FMS proficiency and balance ability in children with DS, with the aim of contributing evidence to programmes that address FMS delay. METHODS: Participants consisted of 20 children with DS (7...
March 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
P Huotari, P Heikinaro-Johansson, A Watt, T Jaakkola
The aim of this study was to examine the secular trends in fundamental movement skills (FMS) among 15- to 16-year-old adolescents at 2 assessment points scheduled in 2003 and 2010 and to investigate the associations between FMS, physical activity (PA), and body mass index (BMI). In 2003, self-reported PA, weight and height, and objective FMS scores were collected from 2390 students, and in 2010, similar data were generated from a second sample of 1346 students. FMS were assessed during both assessment phases using 3 identical objective FMS tests that were figure 8 dribbling, jumping laterally, and coordination track tests...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Dario Bonanomi
Motor neurons of the spinal cord are responsible for the assembly of neuromuscular connections indispensable for basic locomotion and skilled movements. A precise spatial relationship exists between the position of motor neuron cell bodies in the spinal cord and the course of their axonal projections to peripheral muscle targets. Motor neuron innervation of the vertebrate limb is a prime example of this topographic organization and by virtue of its accessibility and predictability has provided access to fundamental principles of motor system development and neuronal guidance...
November 14, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
Lindsay J DiStefano, Eleanor M Beltz, Hayley J Root, Jessica C Martinez, Andrew Houghton, Nicole Taranto, Katherine Pearce, Erin McConnell, Courtney Muscat, Steve Boyle, Thomas H Trojian
BACKGROUND: Sport sampling is recommended to promote fundamental movement skill acquisition and physical activity. In contrast, sport specialization is associated with musculoskeletal injury risk, burnout, and attrition from sport. There is limited evidence to support the influence of sport sampling on neuromuscular control, which is associated with injury risk, in youth athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes who participated in only 1 sport during the previous year would demonstrate higher Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) scores than their counterparts...
March 2018: Sports Health
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