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Fundamental movement skills

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428503/the-athletic-skills-track-age-and-gender-related-normative-values-of-a-motor-skills-test-for-4-to-12-year-old-children
#1
J J A A M Hoeboer, G Ongena, M Krijger-Hombergen, E Stolk, G J P Savelsbergh, S I de Vries
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the presented study is to provide age- and gender-related normative values and MQ values for a motor skills test, the Athletic Skills Track, among 4- to 12-year-old children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: In 2016, a total of 7977 Dutch children, 4036 boys (mean age 8.6 years, SD 2.1) and 3941 girls (mean age 8.6 years, SD 2.1), performed an age-related version of the Athletic Skills Track (AST). The AST is a track consisting of 5-7 fundamental movement skill tasks that should be completed as fast as possible...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343597/evidence-for-dispersal-syndromes-in-freshwater-fishes
#2
Lise Comte, Julian D Olden
Dispersal is a fundamental process defining the distribution of organisms and has long been a topic of inquiry in ecology and evolution. Emerging research points to an interdependency of dispersal with a diverse suite of traits in terrestrial organisms, however the extent to which such dispersal syndromes exist in freshwater species remains uncertain. Here, we test whether dispersal in freshwater fishes (1) is a fixed property of species, and (2) correlates with life-history, morphological, ecological and behavioural traits, using a global dataset of dispersal distances collected from the literature encompassing 116 riverine species and 196 locations...
January 31, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287751/validation-of-a-visual-spatial-secondary-task-to-assess-automaticity-in-laparoscopic-skills
#3
Richard Castillo, Juan Alvarado, Pablo Moreno, Pablo Billeke, Carlos Martínez, Julián Varas, Nicolás Jarufe
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to assess reliability and validity of a visual-spatial secondary task (VSST) as a method to measure automaticity on a basic simulated laparoscopic skill model. In motor skill acquisition, expertise is defined by automaticity. The highest level of performance with less cognitive and attentional resources characterizes this stage, allowing experts to perform multiple tasks. Conventional validated parameters as operative time, objective assessment skills scales (OSATS), and movement economy, are insufficient to distinguish if an individual has reached the more advanced learning phases, such as automaticity...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235424/fundamental-movement-skills-of-children-living-in-england-the-role-of-ethnicity-and-native-english-language
#4
Emma L J Eyre, Leanne Jaye Walker, Michael J Duncan
The development of fundamental movement skills (FMS) has been associated with children's general health, and, while there is evidence to suggest that age, gender, physical activity, and socioeconomic status relate to FMS, the relationship of ethnicity and language barriers to FMS competence has been underexplored. These factors may be of particular interest for South Asian (SA) children who have lower physical activity and increased risk of metabolic disease. This cross-sectional study examined ethnic and language differences in FMS among 218 ethnically diverse five-year-old children (61 White ethnic background, 91 SA, 29 Black ethnic background, and 37 other), some with English as a native language ( n = 90) and some with English as an additional language ( n = 75), all recruited from within central England...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205624/fundamental-movement-skills-and-balance-of-children-with-down-syndrome
#5
C M Capio, T C T Mak, M A Tse, R S W Masters
BACKGROUND: Conclusive evidence supports the importance of fundamental movement skills (FMS) proficiency in promoting physical activity and countering obesity. In children with Down Syndrome (DS), FMS development is delayed, which has been suggested to be associated with balance deficits. This study therefore examined the relationship between FMS proficiency and balance ability in children with DS, with the aim of contributing evidence to programmes that address FMS delay. METHODS: Participants consisted of 20 children with DS (7...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197119/fundamental-movement-skills-in-adolescents-secular-trends-from-2003-to-2010-and-associations-with-physical-activity-and-bmi
#6
Pertti Huotari, Pilvikki Heikinaro-Johansson, Anthony Watt, Timo Jaakkola
The aim of this study was to examine the secular trends in fundamental movement skills (FMS) among 15-16-year-old adolescents at two assessment points scheduled in 2003 and 2010, and to investigate the associations between FMS, physical activity (PA) and body mass index (BMI). In 2003, self-reported PA, weight and height, and objective FMS scores were collected from 2390 students and in 2010, similar data was generated from a second sample of 1346 students. FMS were assessed during both assessment phases using three identical objective FMS tests that were figure 8 dribbling, jumping laterally, and coordination track tests...
December 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141181/axon-pathfinding-for-locomotion
#7
REVIEW
Dario Bonanomi
Motor neurons of the spinal cord are responsible for the assembly of neuromuscular connections indispensable for basic locomotion and skilled movements. A precise spatial relationship exists between the position of motor neuron cell bodies in the spinal cord and the course of their axonal projections to peripheral muscle targets. Motor neuron innervation of the vertebrate limb is a prime example of this topographic organization and by virtue of its accessibility and predictability has provided access to fundamental principles of motor system development and neuronal guidance...
November 13, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131779/sport-sampling-is-associated-with-improved-landing-technique-in-youth-athletes
#8
Lindsay J DiStefano, Eleanor M Beltz, Hayley J Root, Jessica C Martinez, Andrew Houghton, Nicole Taranto, Katherine Pearce, Erin McConnell, Courtney Muscat, Steve Boyle, Thomas H Trojian
BACKGROUND: Sport sampling is recommended to promote fundamental movement skill acquisition and physical activity. In contrast, sport specialization is associated with musculoskeletal injury risk, burnout, and attrition from sport. There is limited evidence to support the influence of sport sampling on neuromuscular control, which is associated with injury risk, in youth athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes who participated in only 1 sport during the previous year would demonstrate higher Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) scores than their counterparts...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023328/strength-and-conditioning-habits-of-competitive-distance-runners
#9
Richard C Blagrove, Nicola Brown, Glyn Howatson, Philip R Hayes
Blagrove, RC, Brown, N, Howatson, G, and Hayes, PR. Strength and conditioning habits of competitive distance runners. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-Targeted strength and conditioning (S&C) programs can potentially improve performance and reduce injury risk factors in competitive runners. However, S&C practices of distance runners are unknown. This study aimed to explore S&C practices of competitive middle- and long-distance runners and examined whether reported frequency of injuries was influenced by training behaviors...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891745/motor-control-of-handwriting-in-the-developing-brain-a-review
#10
Sarah Palmis, Jeremy Danna, Jean-Luc Velay, Marieke Longcamp
This review focuses on the acquisition of writing motor aspects in adults, and in 5-to 12-year-old children without learning disabilities. We first describe the behavioural aspects of adult writing and dominant models based on the notion of motor programs. We show that handwriting acquisition is characterized by the transition from reactive movements programmed stroke-by-stroke in younger children, to an automatic control of the whole trajectory when the motor programs are memorized at about 10 years old. Then, we describe the neural correlates of adult writing, and the changes that could occur with learning during childhood...
September 11, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871568/a-mini-overview-of-single-muscle-fibre-mechanics-the-effects-of-age-inactivity-and-exercise-in-animals-and-humans
#11
Hyunseok Jee, Jong-Hee Kim
Many basic movements of living organisms are dependent on muscle function. Muscle function allows for the coordination and harmonious integrity of movement that is necessary for various biological processes. Gross and fine motor skills are both regulated at the micro-level (single muscle fibre level), controlled by neuronal regulation, and it is therefore important to understand muscle function at both micro- and macro-levels to understand the overall movement of living organisms. Single muscle mechanics and the cellular environment of muscles fundamentally allow for the harmonious movement of our bodies...
September 5, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869580/association-between-functional-movements-skills-and-health-indicators-in-children-aged-between-9-and-12-years-old
#12
Megan E Comeau, Danielle R Bouchard, Cindy Levesque, Michel J Jonhson, Brittany V Rioux, Andrea Mayo, Martin Sénéchal
Background: Children's health is a current concern and data suggests that poor fundamental movement skills (FMS) could be associated with poor health, which may or may not be mediated by low physical activity level. However, tools to assess FMS have not been standardized, and could consequently lead to different associations between FMS and health indicators. Objective: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the associations between FMS and health indicators using two different FMS measurement tools often used in Canada...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841670/a-biomechanical-analysis-of-the-roundhouse-kicking-technique-of-expert-practitioners-a-comparison-between-the-martial-arts-disciplines-of-muay-thai-karate-and-taekwondo
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Colin J Gavagan, Mark G L Sayers
The purpose of this study was first, to determine whether there were differences in the roundhouse kicking leg kinematics performed by highly skilled Muay Thai, Karate and Taekwondo practitioners (n = 8 per group). Next, analysis aimed to identify the kinematic determinants of effective roundhouse kicking performance. Three-dimensional (3D) lower limb kinematics were recorded using a nine camera infra-red motion capture system (500 Hz) during three maximal roundhouse kicks. Impact forces were recorded using a strain gauge (1000 Hz) attached to a kicking pad positioned at the height of each participant's mastoid process...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765872/impact-of-normal-weight-obesity-on-fundamental-motor-skills-in-pre-school-children-aged-3-to-6-years
#14
Martin Musalek, Jakub Kokstejn, Pavel Papez, Christiane Scheffler, Rebekka Mumm, Anna-Franziska Czernitzki, Slawomir Koziel
Normal weight obesity is defined as having excessive body fat, but normal BMI. Even though previous research revealed that excessive body fat in children inhibited their physical activity and decreased motor performance, there has been only little evidence about motor performance of normal weight obese children. This study aims to establish whether normal weight obese pre-school children aged 3-6 years will have a significantly worse level of fundamental motor skills compared to normal weight non-obese counterparts...
September 1, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728887/effectiveness-of-exercise-intervention-on-improving-fundamental-movement-skills-and-motor-coordination-in-overweight-obese-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Ahreum Han, Allan Fu, Stephen Cobley, Ross H Sanders
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is negatively associated with fundamental movement skill and motor coordination, which in turn constrains physical activity participation and adherence thereby forming a 'vicious cycle'. However, developing motor skill and coordination in childhood could help to break the vicious cycle to reduce childhood obesity. The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of exercise and physical activity interventions on improving fundamental movement skill and motor coordination in overweight/obese children and adolescents...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727643/improving-early-adolescent-girls-motor-skill-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Natalie Lander, Philip J Morgan, J O Salmon, Lisa M Barnett
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) levels decline substantially during adolescence and are consistently lower in girls. Competency in a range of fundamental movement skills (FMSs) may serve as a protective factor for the decline in PA typically observed in adolescent girls; yet, girls' mastery in FMS is low. Although interventions can improve FMS, there is a lack of interventions targeting girls, and very few are conducted in high schools. In addition, interventions are usually conducted by researchers, not teachers, and thus have little chance of being embedded into curricula...
December 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694786/joint-rhythmic-movement-increases-4-year-old-children-s-prosocial-sharing-and-fairness-toward-peers
#17
Tal-Chen Rabinowitch, Andrew N Meltzoff
The allocation of resources to a peer partner is a prosocial act that is of fundamental importance. Joint rhythmic movement, such as occurs during musical interaction, can induce positive social experiences, which may play a role in developing and enhancing young children's prosocial skills. Here, we investigated whether joint rhythmic movement, free of musical context, increases 4-year-olds' sharing and sense of fairness in a resource allocation task involving peers. We developed a precise procedure for administering joint synchronous experience, joint asynchronous experience, and a baseline control involving no treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636423/fundamental-motor-skills-a-systematic-review-of-terminology
#18
Samuel W Logan, Samantha M Ross, Keanu Chee, David F Stodden, Leah E Robinson
The three aims of this systematic review are to describe: (1) use of the term fundamental motor/movement skills (FMS) in published articles; (2) the quality of definitions; and (3) relative use of process- and product- oriented assessments to measure FMS. The inclusion criteria included: (a) peer-reviewed article, (b) printed in English, (c) published between January 2000 and 31 December 2015, (d) presence of either the term "fundamental motor or movement skill" in the title and/or abstract, and (e) FMS were a measured outcome...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593124/pragmatic-evaluation-of-the-go2play-active-play-intervention-on-physical-activity-and-fundamental-movement-skills-in-children
#19
Avril Johnstone, Adrienne R Hughes, Xanne Janssen, John J Reilly
Active play is a novel approach to addressing low physical activity levels and fundamental movement skills (FMS) in children. This study aimed to determine if a new school-based, 'Go2Play Active Play' intervention improved school day physical activity and FMS. This was a pragmatic evaluation conducted in Scotland during 2015-16. Participants (n = 172; mean age = 7 years) were recruited from seven primary schools taking part in the 5-month intervention, plus 24 participants not receiving the intervention were recruited to act as a comparison group...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555097/training-on-movement-figure-ground-discrimination-remediates-low-level-visual-timing-deficits-in-the-dorsal-stream-improving-high-level-cognitive-functioning-including-attention-reading-fluency-and-working-memory
#20
Teri Lawton, John Shelley-Tremblay
The purpose of this study was to determine whether neurotraining to discriminate a moving test pattern relative to a stationary background, figure-ground discrimination, improves vision and cognitive functioning in dyslexics, as well as typically-developing normal students. We predict that improving the speed and sensitivity of figure-ground movement discrimination (PATH to Reading neurotraining) acts to remediate visual timing deficits in the dorsal stream, thereby improving processing speed, reading fluency, and the executive control functions of attention and working memory in both dyslexic and normal students who had PATH neurotraining more than in those students who had no neurotraining...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
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