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Fundamental movement skills

Amanda Froehlich Chow, Anne Leis, Louise Humbert, Nazeem Muhajarine, Rachel Engler-Stringer
OBJECTIVES: In order to improve healthy behaviours among rural children in their early years, a physical activity and healthy eating intervention (Healthy Start - Départ Santé) was implemented in rural childcare centres throughout Saskatchewan. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the impact of a multimodal physical activity and healthy eating intervention on educators' provision of opportunities for children to improve their physical activity levels, fundamental movement skills and healthy eating behaviours...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Farid Bardid, Matthieu Lenoir, Floris Huyben, Kristine De Martelaer, Jan Seghers, Jacqueline D Goodway, Frederik J A Deconinck
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a 30-week fundamental motor skill program in typically developing young children and to investigate possible sex differences. DESIGN: A multicenter quasi experimental design was set up for this study which involved 992 children aged 3-8 years. METHODS: All participants received their typical Physical Education curriculum and habitual movement activities. The intervention group (n=523; 53...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Alicia J Spittle, Jennifer L McGinley, Deanne Thompson, Ross Clark, Tara L FitzGerald, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Katherine J Lee, Joy E Olsen, Alice Burnett, Karli Treyvaud, Elisha Josev, Bonnie Alexander, Claire E Kelly, Lex W Doyle, Peter J Anderson, Jeanie Ly Cheong
INTRODUCTION: Motor impairments are one of the most frequently reported adverse neurodevelopmental consequences in children born < 30 weeks' gestation. Up to 15% of children born at < 30 weeks have cerebral palsy and an additional 50% have mild to severe motor impairment at school age. The first 5 years of life are critical for the development of fundamental motor skills. These skills form the basis for more complex skills that are required to competently and confidently participate in schooling, sporting and recreational activities...
October 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
Rudolf Psotta, Ondřej Brom
The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-Second Edition is one of the most frequently used tests for assessment of the fundamental motor skills in children. However, there is the question which sensorimotor functions are really captured by the tasks involved in the test for the preschool (3-6 years) children (age band 1). The aim of the study was to examine the factorial structure of the age band 1 test. Results of the testing by the age band 1 in a sample of three- to- six-year-old children (N = 399; 202 boys, 197 girls) were put to confirmatory factor analysis...
September 1, 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Chris Lonsdale, Taren Sanders, Kristen E Cohen, Philip Parker, Michael Noetel, Tim Hartwig, Diego Vasoncellos, Morwenna Kirwan, Philip Morgan, Jo Salmon, Marj Moodie, Heather McKay, Andrew Bennie, Ron Plotnikoff, Renata L Cinelli, David Greene, Louisa R Peralta, Dylan P Cliff, Gregory S Kolt, Jennifer M Gore, Lan Gao, David R Lubans
BACKGROUND: Despite the health benefits of regular physical activity, most children are insufficiently active. Schools are ideally placed to promote physical activity; however, many do not provide children with sufficient in-school activity or ensure they have the skills and motivation to be active beyond the school setting. The aim of this project is to modify, scale up and evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention previously shown to be efficacious in improving children's physical activity, fundamental movement skills and cardiorespiratory fitness...
August 24, 2016: BMC Public Health
Teri Lawton
There is an ongoing debate about whether the cause of dyslexia is based on linguistic, auditory, or visual timing deficits. To investigate this issue three interventions were compared in 58 dyslexics in second grade (7 years on average), two targeting the temporal dynamics (timing) of either the auditory or visual pathways with a third reading intervention (control group) targeting linguistic word building. Visual pathway training in dyslexics to improve direction-discrimination of moving test patterns relative to a stationary background (figure/ground discrimination) significantly improved attention, reading fluency, both speed and comprehension, phonological processing, and both auditory and visual working memory relative to controls, whereas auditory training to improve phonological processing did not improve these academic skills significantly more than found for controls...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Yoshio Kobayashi, Hama Watanabe, Gentaro Taga
Infants must perform dynamic whole-body movements to initiate rolling, a key motor skill. However, little is known regarding limb coordination and postural control in infant rolling. To address this lack of knowledge, we examined movement patterns and limb coordination during rolling in younger infants (aged 5-7 months) that had just begun to roll and in older infants (aged 8-10 months) with greater rolling experience. Due to anticipated difficulty in obtaining measurements over the second half of the rolling sequence, we limited our analysis to the first half...
July 27, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Michael Rosenberg, Ashleigh L Thornton, Brendan S Lay, Brodie Ward, David Nathan, Daniel Hunt, Rebecca Braham
While it has been established that using full body motion to play active video games results in increased levels of energy expenditure, there is little information on the classification of human movement during active video game play in relationship to fundamental movement skills. The aim of this study was to validate software utilising Kinect sensor motion capture technology to recognise fundamental movement skills (FMS), during active video game play. Two human assessors rated jumping and side-stepping and these assessments were compared to the Kinect Action Recognition Tool (KART), to establish a level of agreement and determine the number of movements completed during five minutes of active video game play, for 43 children (m = 12 years 7 months ± 1 year 6 months)...
2016: PloS One
Namiji Tokunaga, Kiyoko Fukai
AIM: Blanketing, which involves covering patients with a blanket in order to maintain their body temperature and privacy and help alleviate the stress that is associated with medical procedures, is a fundamental skill in nursing care. However, the actual therapeutic effects of blanketing have not been adequately investigated. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to clarify the psychosomatic effects of blanketing in nursing care by observing autonomic nervous activity. METHODS: This single-cohort, intra-participant, comparative cross-over study included 30 healthy female adolescents...
July 11, 2016: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
Andrij Z Horodysky, Steven J Cooke, John E Graves, Richard W Brill
Populations of tunas, billfishes and pelagic sharks are fished at or over capacity in many regions of the world. They are captured by directed commercial and recreational fisheries (the latter of which often promote catch and release) or as incidental catch or bycatch in commercial fisheries. Population assessments of pelagic fishes typically incorporate catch-per-unit-effort time-series data from commercial and recreational fisheries; however, there have been notable changes in target species, areas fished and depth-specific gear deployments over the years that may have affected catchability...
2016: Conserv Physiol
Cecilia Chan, Amy Ha, Johan Y Y Ng
BACKGROUND: Assessment for learning has been identified as an effective strategy to help children learn more effectively. Developing children to master basic movement skills in primary school requires formative assessments to inform instruction and learning. This study reports the rationale and methods for an assessment-based intervention that emphasizes fun, mastery and support (A + FMS) designed to improve fundamental movement skill (FMS) proficiency of primary schoolchildren. METHODS/DESIGN: Utilizing a cluster randomized controlled trial, the A + FMS intervention was designed to improve FMS proficiency of Hong Kong Chinese schoolchildren...
2016: SpringerPlus
Ina Diener, Mark Kargela, Adriaan Louw
The interview of a patient attending physical therapy is the cornerstone of the physical examination, diagnosis, plan of care, prognosis, and overall efficacy of the therapeutic experience. A thorough, skilled interview drives the objective tests and measures chosen, as well as provides context for the interpretation of those tests and measures, during the physical examination. Information from the interview powerfully influences the treatment modalities chosen by the physical therapist (PT) and thus also impacts the overall outcome and prognosis of the therapy sessions...
July 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Natalie Lander, Narelle Eather, Philip J Morgan, Jo Salmon, Lisa M Barnett
BACKGROUND: Fundamental movement skill (FMS) competence is positively associated with physical activity (PA). However, levels of both FMS and PA are lower than expected. Current reviews of interventions to improve FMS and PA have shown that many school-based programs have achieved positive outcomes, yet the maintenance of these interventions is variable. Teachers play a central role in the success and longevity of school-based interventions. Despite the importance of teacher engagement, research into the nature and quality of teacher training in school-based PA and FMS interventions has received little attention...
June 13, 2016: Sports Medicine
V P Lopes, L M Barnett, L Saraiva, C Gonçalves, S J Bowe, G Abbott, L P Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: It is important to assess young children's perceived Fundamental Movement Skill (FMS) competence in order to examine the role of perceived FMS competence in motivation toward physical activity. Children's perceptions of motor competence may vary according to the culture/country of origin; therefore, it is also important to measure perceptions in different cultural contexts. The purpose was to assess the face validity, internal consistency, test-retest reliability and construct validity of the 12 FMS items in the Pictorial Scale for Perceived Movement Skill Competence for Young Children (PMSC) in a Portuguese sample...
September 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
M S Raghu Prasad, Muniyandi Manivannan, Govindan Manoharan, S M Chandramohan
BACKGROUND: Most of the commercially available virtual reality-based laparoscopic simulators do not effectively evaluate combined psychomotor and force-based laparoscopic skills. Consequently, the lack of training on these critical skills leads to intraoperative errors. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of the novel virtual reality-based simulator, this study analyzed the combined psychomotor (i.e., motion or movement) and force skills of residents and expert surgeons...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Sze Lin Yoong, Meghan Finch, Nicole Nathan, John Wiggers, Christophe Lecathelinais, Jannah Jones, Pennie Dodds, Luke Wolfenden
AIM: Despite ongoing investments to improve the obesogenic environments of childcare settings, little is known regarding how these services have changed their physical activity and nutrition-promoting practices. This study aims to describe changes in the proportion of Australian childcare services that have adopted best-practice healthy eating and physical activity practices between 2006 and 2013 and to assess whether adoption varied by socio-economic status and locality. METHODS: A randomly selected sample of nominated supervisors (n = 358) from childcare services located in New South Wales, Australia, participated in a telephone survey in 2006, 2009, 2010 and 2013...
July 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Lori K Myers
Neuroplasticity theory has gained considerable attention in recent years in the professions of medicine, psychology and neuroscience. Most research on neuroplasticity has been in neurology focusing on stroke and other central nervous system disease and injury. Further research is necessary to advance the connection of neuroplasticity theory to musculoskeletal conditions and rehabilitation. The theory of neuroplasticity as it applies to the acquisition of new skills and modification of maladaptive, pain-perpetuating and inefficient movement patterns is fundamental to the Feldenkrais Method...
April 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Samuel W Logan, Lisa M Barnett, Jacqueline D Goodway, David F Stodden
Process-oriented motor competence (MC) assessments evaluate how a movement is performed. Product-oriented assessments evaluate the outcome of a movement. Determining the concurrent validity of process and product assessments is important to address the predictive utility of motor competence for health. The current study aimed to: (1) compare process and product assessments of the standing long jump, hop and throw across age groups and (2) determine the capacity of process assessments to classify levels of MC...
May 12, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Jie Yu, Cindy H Sit, Angus Burnett, Catherine M Capio, Amy S Ha, Wendy Y Huang
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of fundamental movement skills (FMS) training on FMS proficiency, self-perceived physical competence (SPC), physical activity (PA), and sleep disturbance in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) compared with children with typical development (TD). A total of 84 children were allocated into either experimental group (DCD[exp], TD[exp]) who received 6 weeks of FMS training or control groups (DCD[con], TD[con]). FMS were assessed using the Test of Gross Motor Development-2, whereas PA was monitored using accelerometers...
April 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Joris Hoeboer, Sanne De Vries, Michiel Krijger-Hombergen, René Wormhoudt, Annelies Drent, Kay Krabben, Geert Savelsbergh
The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and validity of an Athletic Skills Track (AST) to assess fundamental movement skills among 6- to 12-year-old children in a physical education setting. Four hundred sixty-three Dutch children (211 girls, 252 boys) completed three tests: the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder (KTK) and two Athletic Skills Tracks (AST-1, AST-2). The validity of AST-1 and AST-2 was examined by correlating the time (s) needed to complete the tracks and the KTK Motor Quotient (MQ)...
November 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
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