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Fundamental movement skills

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346315/the-effects-of-10-weeks-integrated-neuromuscular-training-on-fundamental-movement-skills-and-physical-self-efficacy-in-6-7-year-old-children
#1
Michael J Duncan, Emma L J Eyre, Samuel W Oxford
Integrated neuromuscular training (INT) has been suggested as an effective means to enhance athletic potential in children. However, few studies have reported the effects of school based INT programs. This study examined the effect of INT on process and product fundamental movement skill measures and physical self-efficacy in 6-7 year old children. Ninety-four children from 2 primary schools were randomised into either a 10 week INT program or a control group CON (n =41) group. Results indicated significantly greater increases in process FMS scores in INT vs CON (P = 0...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342686/taiji-tai-chi-for-fall-prevention-in-the-elderly-training-the-trainers-evaluation-project
#2
Lucy Bartimole, Mary A Fristad
Falls in the elderly are common and a major, costly health problem. Taiji addresses many issues related to fall risk. We determined whether intensive weekend training can sufficiently train persons who have baseline familiarity with Taiji to model and teach fundamentals of Taiji to the elderly. Prior to training, registrants received a manual, video and online links for review and practice. Assessments were completed pre-/post-training. Training occurred in four cities of one state. 34 adults completed training, two did not complete evaluations (ns = 12, 13, 4, and 5 at the four sites)...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303100/a-neural-dynamic-architecture-for-reaching-and-grasping-integrates-perception-and-movement-generation-and-enables-on-line-updating
#3
Guido Knips, Stephan K U Zibner, Hendrik Reimann, Gregor Schöner
Reaching for objects and grasping them is a fundamental skill for any autonomous robot that interacts with its environment. Although this skill seems trivial to adults, who effortlessly pick up even objects they have never seen before, it is hard for other animals, for human infants, and for most autonomous robots. Any time during movement preparation and execution, human reaching movement are updated if the visual scene changes (with a delay of about 100 ms). The capability for online updating highlights how tightly perception, movement planning, and movement generation are integrated in humans...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282760/the-relationship-between-fundamental-movement-skill-proficiency-and-physical-self-confidence-among-adolescents
#4
Bronagh McGrane, Sarahjane Belton, Danielle Powell, Johann Issartel
This study aims to assess fundamental movement skill (FMS) proficiency, physical self-confidence levels, and the relationship between these variables and gender differences among adolescents. Three hundred and ninety five adolescents aged 13.78 years (SD = ±1.2) from 20 schools were involved in this study. The Test of Gross Motor Development-2nd Edition (TGMD), TGMD-2 and Victorian Skills Manual were used to assess 15 FMS. Participants' physical self-confidence was also assessed using a valid skill-specific scale...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213755/pedagogical-approaches-to-and-effects-of-fundamental-movement-skill-interventions-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Claire Tompsett, Ross Sanders, Caitlin Taylor, Stephen Cobley
BACKGROUND: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are assumed to be the basic prerequisite motor movements underpinning coordination of more integrated and advanced movement capabilities. FMS development and interventions have been associated with several beneficial health outcomes in individual studies. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this review was to identify FMS intervention characteristics that could be optimised to attain beneficial outcomes in children and adolescents, while the secondary aim was to update the evidence as to the efficacy of FMS interventions on physiological, psychological and behavioural health outcomes...
February 18, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131506/the-reliability-and-validity-of-an-authentic-motor-skill-assessment-tool-for-early-adolescent-girls-in-an-australian-school-setting
#6
Natalie Lander, Philip J Morgan, Jo Salmon, Samuel W Logan, Lisa M Barnett
OBJECTIVES: Proficiency in fundamental movement skills (FMS) is positively correlated with cardiorespiratory fitness, healthy weight status, and physical activity. Many instruments have been developed to assess FMS in children. It is important to accurately measure FMS competency in adolescent populations, particularly in girls, who are less proficient than boys. Yet these tests have not been validated or tested for reliability among girls in this age group. DESIGN: The current study tested the concurrent validity and reliability of two FMS assessment instruments; the newly developed Canadian Agility and Movement Skill Assessment (CAMSA), against the Victorian FMS Assessment from Australia, among a sample of early adolescent girls...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114022/kinesthetic-feedback-during-2dof-wrist-movements-via-a-novel-mr-compatible-robot
#7
Andrew Erwin, Marcia O'Malley, David Ress, Fabrizio Sergi
We demonstrate the interaction control capabilities of the MR-SoftWrist, a novel MR-compatible robot capable of applying accurate kinesthetic feedback to wrist pointing movements executed during fMRI. The MR-SoftWrist, based on a novel design that combines parallel piezoelectric actuation with compliant force feedback, is capable of delivering 1.5 N·m of torque to the wrist of an interacting subject about the flexion/extension and radial/ulnar axes. The robot workspace, defined by admissible wrist rotation angles, fully includes a circle with a 20 deg radius...
December 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079509/excellent-balance-skills-despite-active-and-inactive-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-unexpected-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Josephine Merker, Matthias Hartmann, Florian Kreuzpointner, Ansgar Schwirtz, Johannes-Peter Haas
OBJECTIVES: Postural control (PC) is fundamental for human movements. Different factors, such as injuries or diseases, can adversely affect PC. The purpose of this study was to evaluate PC in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients with different disease activity levels in comparison to healthy peers. METHODS: JIA patients with active and inactive lower limb joints (n=36 each group) were examined. Both groups have been on medication and have had physiotherapy for at least 5 years...
January 5, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010182/protocols-for-the-investigation-of-information-processing-in-human-assessment-of-fundamental-movement-skills
#9
Brodie J Ward, Ashleigh Thornton, Brendan Lay, Michael Rosenberg
Fundamental movement skill (FMS) assessment remains an important tool in classifying individuals' level of FMS proficiency. The collection of FMS performances for assessment and monitoring has remained unchanged over the last few decades, but new motion capture technologies offer opportunities to automate this process. To achieve this, a greater understanding of the human process of movement skill assessment is required. The authors present the rationale and protocols of a project in which they aim to investigate the visual search patterns and information extraction employed by human assessors during FMS assessment, as well as the implementation of the Kinect system for FMS capture...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984503/does-intervening-in-childcare-settings-impact-fundamental-movement-skills-development
#10
Leah E Robinson, Anthony D Okely, E Kipling Webster, Dale A Ulrich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925591/kinesthetic-feedback-during-2dof-wrist-movements-via-a-novel-mr-compatible-robot
#11
Andrew Erwin, Marcia O'Malley, David Ress, Fabrizio Sergi
We demonstrate the interaction control capabilities of the MR-SoftWrist, a novel MR-compatible robot capable of applying accurate kinesthetic feedback to wrist pointing movements executed during fMRI. The MR-SoftWrist, based on a novel design that combines parallel piezoelectric actuation with compliant force feedback, is capable of delivering 1.5 N·m of torque to the wrist of an interacting subject about the flexion/extension and radial/ulnar axes. The robot workspace, defined by admissible wrist rotation angles, fully includes a circle with a 20 deg radius...
December 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888271/investigation-of-the-association-between-motor-stereotypy-behavior-with-fundamental-movement-skills-adaptive-functioning-and-autistic-spectrum-disorder-symptomology-in-children-with-intellectual-disabilities
#12
Joanne L Powell, Lydia Pringle, Matt Greig
Motor stereotypy behaviors are patterned, coordinated, repetitive behaviors that are particularly evident in those with an autistic spectrum disorder and intellectual disabilities. The extent to which motor stereotypy behavior severity is associated with motor skills and maladaptive behavior, measures of adaptive functioning, along with fundamental movement skills and degree of autistic spectrum disorder symptomology is assessed in this preliminary report. Twelve participants, aged 7 to 16 years, with a reported motor stereotypy behavior and either mild or severe intellectual disability comprising developmental or global delay took part in the study...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869529/low-fundamental-movement-skill-proficiency-is-associated-with-high-bmi-and-body-fatness-in-girls-but-not-boys-aged-6-11-years-old
#13
Michael J Duncan, Elizabeth Bryant, David Stodden
This study examined differences in children's body mass index (BMI) and body fatness (BF%) as a function of gender and fundamental movement skill (FMS) proficiency. Following ethics approval and parental consent, 248, 6-11 year-old children (112 boys, 136 girls) underwent assessment of 7 FMS: sprint run, side gallop, hop, kick, catch, throw and vertical jump. FMS tertiles ("high", "medium" or "low" FMS) were created based on the summed components of the FMS. Skinfold measures were used to calculate BF%. Physical activity (PA) was assessed using pedometry and maturation predicted using anthropometry...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860051/the-professional-psychiatric-mental-health-nurse-skills-competencies-and-supports-required-to-adopt-recovery-orientated-policy-in-practice
#14
E Cusack, F Killoury, L E Nugent
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Nationally and internationally there has been a movement away from the traditional medical model towards a more holistic recovery-oriented approach to mental health care delivery. At every level of service provision the emphasis is firmly on recovery and on facilitating active partnership working and involvement of service users, their carers and family members. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This is the first study to identify on a national level specific areas of care that are addressed most or least by psychiatric and mental health nurses in care planning for mental health service users in Ireland...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832925/ecological-validity-of-the-german-bruininks-oseretsky-test-of-motor-proficiency-2nd-edition
#15
Sabine Vinçon, Dido Green, Rainer Blank, Ekkehart Jenetzky
The diagnosis of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is based on poor motor coordination in the absence of other neurological disorders. In order to identify the presence of movement difficulties, a standardised motor assessment is recommended to determine the extent of movement problems which may contribute to deficits in daily task performance. A German version of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (German BOT-2) was recently published. This study aimed to determine the ecological validity of the German BOT-2 by considering the relationship between assessment of fundamental motor skills with the BOT-2 and performance of everyday motor activities as evaluated by parents...
November 7, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810690/a-video-based-method-to-quantify-posture-of-the-head-and-trunk-in-sitting
#16
María B Sánchez, Ian Loram, John Darby, Paul Holmes, Penelope B Butler
Maintenance of a vertically aligned posture of the head and trunk in sitting is a fundamental skill that demonstrates the presence of neuromotor control. Clinical assessments of posture are generally subjective. Studies have quantified posture using different technologies, but the application of such technologies in a clinical environment remains difficult. Video recordings, however, are easily used clinically and have potential for quantitative analysis of movement. This study used a video-based method to generate a numerical measure of postural alignment of the head and trunk in sitting...
January 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803635/discriminating-talent-identified-junior-australian-footballers-using-a-fundamental-gross-athletic-movement-assessment
#17
Carl T Woods, Harry G Banyard, Ian McKeown, Job Fransen, Sam Robertson
Talent identification (TID) is a pertinent component of the sports sciences, affording practitioners the opportunity to target developmental interventions to a select few; optimising financial investments. However, TID is multi-componential, requiring the recognition of immediate and prospective performance. The measurement of athletic movement skill may afford practitioners insight into the latter component given its augmented relationship with functional sport specific qualities. It is currently unknown whether athletic movement skill is a discriminant quality in junior Australian football (AF)...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769687/a-cross-validation-study-of-the-tgmd-2-the-case-of-an-adolescent-population
#18
Johann Issartel, Bronagh McGrane, Richard Fletcher, Wesley O'Brien, Danielle Powell, Sarahjane Belton
OBJECTIVES: This study proposes an extension of a widely used test evaluating fundamental movement skills proficiency to an adolescent population, with a specific emphasis on validity and reliability for this older age group. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. METHODS: A total of 844 participants (n=456 male, 12.03±0.49) participated in this study. The 12 fundamental movement skills of the TGMD-2 were assessed. Inter-rater reliability was examined to ensure a minimum of 95% consistency between coders...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763848/healthy-start-d%C3%A3-part-sant%C3%A3-a-pilot-study-of-a-multilevel-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-fundamental-movement-skills-and-healthy-eating-in-rural-childcare-centres
#19
Amanda Froehlich Chow, Anne Leis, Louise Humbert, Nazeem Muhajarine, Rachel Engler-Stringer
OBJECTIVES: In order to improve healthy behaviours among rural children in their early years, a physical activity and healthy eating intervention (Healthy Start - Départ Santé) was implemented in rural childcare centres throughout Saskatchewan. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the impact of a multimodal physical activity and healthy eating intervention on educators' provision of opportunities for children to improve their physical activity levels, fundamental movement skills and healthy eating behaviours...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639417/the-effectiveness-of-a-community-based-fundamental-motor-skill-intervention-in-children-aged-3-8-years-results-of-the-multimove-for-kids-project
#20
Farid Bardid, Matthieu Lenoir, Floris Huyben, Kristine De Martelaer, Jan Seghers, Jacqueline D Goodway, Frederik J A Deconinck
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a 30-week fundamental motor skill program in typically developing young children and to investigate possible sex differences. DESIGN: A multicenter quasi experimental design was set up for this study which involved 992 children aged 3-8 years. METHODS: All participants received their typical Physical Education curriculum and habitual movement activities. The intervention group (n=523; 53...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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