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Fundamental movement skills

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888271/investigation-of-the-association-between-motor-stereotypy-behavior-with-fundamental-movement-skills-adaptive-functioning-and-autistic-spectrum-disorder-symptomology-in-children-with-intellectual-disabilities
#1
Joanne L Powell, Lydia Pringle, Matt Greig
Motor stereotypy behaviors are patterned, coordinated, repetitive behaviors that are particularly evident in those with an autistic spectrum disorder and intellectual disabilities. The extent to which motor stereotypy behavior severity is associated with motor skills and maladaptive behavior, measures of adaptive functioning, along with fundamental movement skills and degree of autistic spectrum disorder symptomology is assessed in this preliminary report. Twelve participants, aged 7 to 16 years, with a reported motor stereotypy behavior and either mild or severe intellectual disability comprising developmental or global delay took part in the study...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869529/low-fundamental-movement-skill-proficiency-is-associated-with-high-bmi-and-body-fatness-in-girls-but-not-boys-aged-6-11-years-old
#2
Michael J Duncan, Elizabeth Bryant, David Stodden
This study examined differences in children's body mass index (BMI) and body fatness (BF%) as a function of gender and fundamental movement skill (FMS) proficiency. Following ethics approval and parental consent, 248, 6-11 year-old children (112 boys, 136 girls) underwent assessment of 7 FMS: sprint run, side gallop, hop, kick, catch, throw and vertical jump. FMS tertiles ("high", "medium" or "low" FMS) were created based on the summed components of the FMS. Skinfold measures were used to calculate BF%. Physical activity (PA) was assessed using pedometry and maturation predicted using anthropometry...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860051/the-professional-psychiatric-mental-health-nurse-skills-competencies-and-supports-required-to-adopt-recovery-orientated-policy-in-practice
#3
E Cusack, F Killoury, L E Nugent
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Nationally and internationally there has been a movement away from the traditional medical model towards a more holistic recovery-oriented approach to mental health care delivery. At every level of service provision the emphasis is firmly on recovery and on facilitating active partnership working and involvement of service users, their carers and family members. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This is the first study to identify on a national level specific areas of care that are addressed most or least by psychiatric and mental health nurses in care planning for mental health service users in Ireland...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832925/ecological-validity-of-the-german-bruininks-oseretsky-test-of-motor-proficiency-2nd-edition
#4
Sabine Vinçon, Dido Green, Rainer Blank, Ekkehart Jenetzky
The diagnosis of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is based on poor motor coordination in the absence of other neurological disorders. In order to identify the presence of movement difficulties, a standardised motor assessment is recommended to determine the extent of movement problems which may contribute to deficits in daily task performance. A German version of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (German BOT-2) was recently published. This study aimed to determine the ecological validity of the German BOT-2 by considering the relationship between assessment of fundamental motor skills with the BOT-2 and performance of everyday motor activities as evaluated by parents...
November 7, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810690/a-video-based-method-to-quantify-posture-of-the-head-and-trunk-in-sitting
#5
María B Sánchez, Ian Loram, John Darby, Paul Holmes, Penelope B Butler
Maintenance of a vertically aligned posture of the head and trunk in sitting is a fundamental skill that demonstrates the presence of neuromotor control. Clinical assessments of posture are generally subjective. Studies have quantified posture using different technologies, but the application of such technologies in a clinical environment remains difficult. Video recordings, however, are easily used clinically and have potential for quantitative analysis of movement. This study used a video-based method to generate a numerical measure of postural alignment of the head and trunk in sitting...
January 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803635/discriminating-talent-identified-junior-australian-footballers-using-a-fundamental-gross-athletic-movement-assessment
#6
Carl T Woods, Harry G Banyard, Ian McKeown, Job Fransen, Sam Robertson
Talent identification (TID) is a pertinent component of the sports sciences, affording practitioners the opportunity to target developmental interventions to a select few; optimising financial investments. However, TID is multi-componential, requiring the recognition of immediate and prospective performance. The measurement of athletic movement skill may afford practitioners insight into the latter component given its augmented relationship with functional sport specific qualities. It is currently unknown whether athletic movement skill is a discriminant quality in junior Australian football (AF)...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769687/a-cross-validation-study-of-the-tgmd-2-the-case-of-an-adolescent-population
#7
Johann Issartel, Bronagh McGrane, Richard Fletcher, Wesley O'Brien, Danielle Powell, Sarahjane Belton
OBJECTIVES: This study proposes an extension of a widely used test evaluating fundamental movement skills proficiency to an adolescent population, with a specific emphasis on validity and reliability for this older age group. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. METHODS: A total of 844 participants (n=456 male, 12.03±0.49) participated in this study. The 12 fundamental movement skills of the TGMD-2 were assessed. Inter-rater reliability was examined to ensure a minimum of 95% consistency between coders...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763848/healthy-start-d%C3%A3-part-sant%C3%A3-a-pilot-study-of-a-multilevel-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-fundamental-movement-skills-and-healthy-eating-in-rural-childcare-centres
#8
Amanda Froehlich Chow, Anne Leis, Louise Humbert, Nazeem Muhajarine, Rachel Engler-Stringer
OBJECTIVES: In order to improve healthy behaviours among rural children in their early years, a physical activity and healthy eating intervention (Healthy Start - Départ Santé) was implemented in rural childcare centres throughout Saskatchewan. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the impact of a multimodal physical activity and healthy eating intervention on educators' provision of opportunities for children to improve their physical activity levels, fundamental movement skills and healthy eating behaviours...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639417/the-effectiveness-of-a-community-based-fundamental-motor-skill-intervention-in-children-aged-3-8-years-results-of-the-multimove-for-kids-project
#9
Farid Bardid, Matthieu Lenoir, Floris Huyben, Kristine De Martelaer, Jan Seghers, Jacqueline D Goodway, Frederik J A Deconinck
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a 30-week fundamental motor skill program in typically developing young children and to investigate possible sex differences. DESIGN: A multicenter quasi experimental design was set up for this study which involved 992 children aged 3-8 years. METHODS: All participants received their typical Physical Education curriculum and habitual movement activities. The intervention group (n=523; 53...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634166/motor-trajectories-from-birth-to-5-years-of-children-born-at-less-than-30-weeks-gestation-early-predictors-and-functional-implications-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Alicia J Spittle, Jennifer L McGinley, Deanne Thompson, Ross Clark, Tara L FitzGerald, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Katherine J Lee, Joy E Olsen, Alice Burnett, Karli Treyvaud, Elisha Josev, Bonnie Alexander, Claire E Kelly, Lex W Doyle, Peter J Anderson, Jeanie Ly Cheong
INTRODUCTION: Motor impairments are one of the most frequently reported adverse neurodevelopmental consequences in children born < 30 weeks' gestation. Up to 15% of children born at < 30 weeks have cerebral palsy and an additional 50% have mild to severe motor impairment at school age. The first 5 years of life are critical for the development of fundamental motor skills. These skills form the basis for more complex skills that are required to competently and confidently participate in schooling, sporting and recreational activities...
October 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590494/factorial-structure-of-the-movement-assessment-battery-for-children-test-second-edition-in-preschool-children
#11
Rudolf Psotta, Ondřej Brom
The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-Second Edition is one of the most frequently used tests for assessment of the fundamental motor skills in children. However, there is the question which sensorimotor functions are really captured by the tasks involved in the test for the preschool (3-6 years) children (age band 1). The aim of the study was to examine the factorial structure of the age band 1 test. Results of the testing by the age band 1 in a sample of three- to- six-year-old children (N = 399; 202 boys, 197 girls) were put to confirmatory factor analysis...
September 1, 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557641/scaling-up-an-efficacious-school-based-physical-activity-intervention-study-protocol-for-the-internet-based-professional-learning-to-help-teachers-support-activity-in-youth-iplay-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-and-scale-up-implementation-evaluation
#12
Chris Lonsdale, Taren Sanders, Kristen E Cohen, Philip Parker, Michael Noetel, Tim Hartwig, Diego Vasoncellos, Morwenna Kirwan, Philip Morgan, Jo Salmon, Marj Moodie, Heather McKay, Andrew Bennie, Ron Plotnikoff, Renata L Cinelli, David Greene, Louisa R Peralta, Dylan P Cliff, Gregory S Kolt, Jennifer M Gore, Lan Gao, David R Lubans
BACKGROUND: Despite the health benefits of regular physical activity, most children are insufficiently active. Schools are ideally placed to promote physical activity; however, many do not provide children with sufficient in-school activity or ensure they have the skills and motivation to be active beyond the school setting. The aim of this project is to modify, scale up and evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention previously shown to be efficacious in improving children's physical activity, fundamental movement skills and cardiorespiratory fitness...
August 24, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551263/improving-dorsal-stream-function-in-dyslexics-by-training-figure-ground-motion-discrimination-improves-attention-reading-fluency-and-working-memory
#13
Teri Lawton
There is an ongoing debate about whether the cause of dyslexia is based on linguistic, auditory, or visual timing deficits. To investigate this issue three interventions were compared in 58 dyslexics in second grade (7 years on average), two targeting the temporal dynamics (timing) of either the auditory or visual pathways with a third reading intervention (control group) targeting linguistic word building. Visual pathway training in dyslexics to improve direction-discrimination of moving test patterns relative to a stationary background (figure/ground discrimination) significantly improved attention, reading fluency, both speed and comprehension, phonological processing, and both auditory and visual working memory relative to controls, whereas auditory training to improve phonological processing did not improve these academic skills significantly more than found for controls...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465559/movement-patterns-of-limb-coordination-in-infant-rolling
#14
Yoshio Kobayashi, Hama Watanabe, Gentaro Taga
Infants must perform dynamic whole-body movements to initiate rolling, a key motor skill. However, little is known regarding limb coordination and postural control in infant rolling. To address this lack of knowledge, we examined movement patterns and limb coordination during rolling in younger infants (aged 5-7 months) that had just begun to roll and in older infants (aged 8-10 months) with greater rolling experience. Due to anticipated difficulty in obtaining measurements over the second half of the rolling sequence, we limited our analysis to the first half...
July 27, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442437/development-of-a-kinect-software-tool-to-classify-movements-during-active-video-gaming
#15
Michael Rosenberg, Ashleigh L Thornton, Brendan S Lay, Brodie Ward, David Nathan, Daniel Hunt, Rebecca Braham
While it has been established that using full body motion to play active video games results in increased levels of energy expenditure, there is little information on the classification of human movement during active video game play in relationship to fundamental movement skills. The aim of this study was to validate software utilising Kinect sensor motion capture technology to recognise fundamental movement skills (FMS), during active video game play. Two human assessors rated jumping and side-stepping and these assessments were compared to the Kinect Action Recognition Tool (KART), to establish a level of agreement and determine the number of movements completed during five minutes of active video game play, for 43 children (m = 12 years 7 months ± 1 year 6 months)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396432/psychosomatic-effects-of-blanketing-in-nursing-care
#16
Namiji Tokunaga, Kiyoko Fukai
AIM: Blanketing, which involves covering patients with a blanket in order to maintain their body temperature and privacy and help alleviate the stress that is associated with medical procedures, is a fundamental skill in nursing care. However, the actual therapeutic effects of blanketing have not been adequately investigated. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to clarify the psychosomatic effects of blanketing in nursing care by observing autonomic nervous activity. METHODS: This single-cohort, intra-participant, comparative cross-over study included 30 healthy female adolescents...
July 11, 2016: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382467/fisheries-conservation-on-the-high-seas-linking-conservation-physiology-and-fisheries-ecology-for-the-management-of-large-pelagic-fishes
#17
Andrij Z Horodysky, Steven J Cooke, John E Graves, Richard W Brill
Populations of tunas, billfishes and pelagic sharks are fished at or over capacity in many regions of the world. They are captured by directed commercial and recreational fisheries (the latter of which often promote catch and release) or as incidental catch or bycatch in commercial fisheries. Population assessments of pelagic fishes typically incorporate catch-per-unit-effort time-series data from commercial and recreational fisheries; however, there have been notable changes in target species, areas fished and depth-specific gear deployments over the years that may have affected catchability...
2016: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375993/improving-fundamental-movement-skills-in-hong-kong-students-through-an-assessment-for-learning-intervention-that-emphasizes-fun-mastery-and-support-the-a%C3%A2-%C3%A2-fms-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#18
Cecilia Chan, Amy Ha, Johan Y Y Ng
BACKGROUND: Assessment for learning has been identified as an effective strategy to help children learn more effectively. Developing children to master basic movement skills in primary school requires formative assessments to inform instruction and learning. This study reports the rationale and methods for an assessment-based intervention that emphasizes fun, mastery and support (A + FMS) designed to improve fundamental movement skill (FMS) proficiency of primary schoolchildren. METHODS/DESIGN: Utilizing a cluster randomized controlled trial, the A + FMS intervention was designed to improve FMS proficiency of Hong Kong Chinese schoolchildren...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351690/listening-is-therapy-patient-interviewing-from-a-pain-science-perspective
#19
Ina Diener, Mark Kargela, Adriaan Louw
The interview of a patient attending physical therapy is the cornerstone of the physical examination, diagnosis, plan of care, prognosis, and overall efficacy of the therapeutic experience. A thorough, skilled interview drives the objective tests and measures chosen, as well as provides context for the interpretation of those tests and measures, during the physical examination. Information from the interview powerfully influences the treatment modalities chosen by the physical therapist (PT) and thus also impacts the overall outcome and prognosis of the therapy sessions...
July 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294354/characteristics-of-teacher-training-in-school-based-physical-education-interventions-to-improve-fundamental-movement-skills-and-or-physical-activity-a-systematic-review
#20
Natalie Lander, Narelle Eather, Philip J Morgan, Jo Salmon, Lisa M Barnett
BACKGROUND: Fundamental movement skill (FMS) competence is positively associated with physical activity (PA). However, levels of both FMS and PA are lower than expected. Current reviews of interventions to improve FMS and PA have shown that many school-based programs have achieved positive outcomes, yet the maintenance of these interventions is variable. Teachers play a central role in the success and longevity of school-based interventions. Despite the importance of teacher engagement, research into the nature and quality of teacher training in school-based PA and FMS interventions has received little attention...
June 13, 2016: Sports Medicine
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