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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242975/reinterpretation-in-visual-imagery-is-possible-without-visual-cues-a-validation-of-previous-research
#1
Kevin L Kamermans, Wim Pouw, Fred W Mast, Fred Paas
Is visual reinterpretation of bistable figures (e.g., duck/rabbit figure) in visual imagery possible? Current consensus suggests that it is in principle possible because of converging evidence of quasi-pictorial functioning of visual imagery. Yet, studies that have directly tested and found evidence for reinterpretation in visual imagery, allow for the possibility that reinterpretation was already achieved during memorization of the figure(s). One study resolved this issue, providing evidence for reinterpretation in visual imagery (Mast and Kosslyn, Cognition 86:57-70, 2002)...
December 14, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238740/differential-effects-of-negative-emotion-on-memory-for-items-and-associations-and-their-relationship-to-intrusive-imagery
#2
REVIEW
J A Bisby, N Burgess
A crucial aspect of episodic memory formation is the way in which our experiences are stored within a coherent spatio-temporal context. We review research that highlights how the experience of a negative event can alter memory encoding in a complex manner, strengthening negative items but weakening associations with other items and the surrounding context. Recent evidence suggests that these opposing effects can occur through amygdala up-modulation to facilitate item encoding, while the hippocampal provision of contextual binding is down-modulated...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236576/destination-memory-accuracy-and-confidence-in-younger-and-older-adults
#3
Tara L Johnson, Susan C Jefferson
Background/Study Context: Nascent research on destination memory-remembering to whom we tell particular information-suggested that older adults have deficits in destination memory and are more confident on inaccurate responses than younger adults. This study assessed the effects of age, attentional resources, and mental imagery on destination memory accuracy and confidence in younger and older adults. METHODS: Using computer format, participants told facts to pictures of famous people in one of four conditions (control, self-focus, refocus, imagery)...
December 13, 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236565/developing-a-point-of-sale-health-communication-campaign-for-cigarillos-and-waterpipe-tobacco
#4
Erin L Sutfin, Jennifer Cornacchione Ross, Allison J Lazard, Elizabeth Orlan, Cynthia K Suerken, Kimberly D Wiseman, Beth A Reboussin, Mark Wolfson, Seth M Noar
Adolescents and young adults smoke waterpipe tobacco (WT) and cigarillos, at least in part, based on erroneous beliefs that these products are safer than cigarettes. To address this challenge, we used a systematic, three-phase process to develop a health communication campaign to discourage WT and cigarillo smoking among at-risk (tobacco users and susceptible non-users) 16- to 25-year-olds. In Phase 1, we used a national phone survey (N = 896) to determine salient message beliefs. Participants reported constituents (i...
December 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236526/effects-of-varying-color-imagery-and-text-of-cigarette-package-warning-labels-among-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-middle-school-youth-and-adult-smokers
#5
Sahara Byrne, Amelia Greiner Safi, Deena Kemp, Christofer Skurka, Julie Davydova, Leah Scolere, Alan D Mathios, Rosemary J Avery, Michael C Dorf, Joseph Steinhardt, Jeff Niederdeppe
The U.S. Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (Tobacco Control Act) of 2009 paved the way for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to propose nine different graphic warning labels (GWLs) intended for prominent placement on the front and back of cigarette packs and on cigarette advertisements. Those GWLs were adjudicated as unconstitutional on the ground that they unnecessarily infringed tobacco companies' free speech without sufficiently advancing the government's public health interests. This study examines whether less extensive alternatives to the original full-color GWLs, including black-and-white GWLs and text-only options, have similar or divergent effects on visual attention, negative affect, and health risk beliefs...
December 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235537/optical-sparse-aperture-imaging-with-faint-objects-using-improved-spatial-modulation-diversity
#6
Zongliang Xie, Haotong Ma, Bo Qi, Ge Ren, Xiaojun He, Li Dong, Yufeng Tan, Shan Qiao
The next generation of optical sparse aperture systems will provide high angular resolution for astronomical observations. Spatial modulation diversity (SMD) is a newly developed post-processing technique for such telescopes, faced with challenges of imaging faint objects, which are very attractive for astronomers but always make raw diversity images suffer serious photon noise. In this paper, we propose an improved SMD with denoising reprocessing embedded to address the problem. The blocking-matching and 3D filtering algorithm, a state-of-the-art denoising technique, is first employed to process the diversity images with low photon intensities generated by spatial modulation, specifically switching off each sub-aperture sequentially...
December 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232354/imagery
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231965/mapping-multi-scale-vascular-plant-richness-in-a-forest-landscape-with-integrated-lidar-and-hyperspectral-remote-sensing
#8
C R Hakkenberg, K Zhu, R K Peet, C Song
The central role of floristic diversity in maintaining habitat integrity and ecosystem function has propelled efforts to map and monitor its distribution across forest landscapes. While biodiversity studies have traditionally relied largely on ground-based observations, the immensity of the task of generating accurate, repeatable, and spatially-continuous data on biodiversity patterns at large scales has stimulated the development of remote-sensing methods for scaling up from field plot measurements. One such approach is through integrated LiDAR and hyperspectral remote-sensing...
December 12, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230518/analysis-of-mirror-neuron-system-activation-during-action-observation-alone-and-action-observation-with-motor-imagery-tasks
#9
Bülent Cengiz, Doğa Vurallı, Murat Zinnuroğlu, Gözde Bayer, Hassan Golmohammadzadeh, Zafer Günendi, Ali Emre Turgut, Bülent İrfanoğlu, Kutluk Bilge Arıkan
This study aimed to explore the relationship between action observation (AO)-related corticomotor excitability changes and phases of observed action and to explore the effects of pure AO and concurrent AO and motor imagery (MI) state on corticomotor excitability using TMS. It was also investigated whether the mirror neuron system activity is muscle-specific. Fourteen healthy volunteers were enrolled in the study. EMG recordings were taken from the right first dorsal interosseous and the abductor digiti minimi muscles...
December 11, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230229/high-throughput-phenotyping-of-plant-height-comparing-unmanned-aerial-vehicles-and-ground-lidar-estimates
#10
Simon Madec, Fred Baret, Benoît de Solan, Samuel Thomas, Dan Dutartre, Stéphane Jezequel, Matthieu Hemmerlé, Gallian Colombeau, Alexis Comar
The capacity of LiDAR and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to provide plant height estimates as a high-throughput plant phenotyping trait was explored. An experiment over wheat genotypes conducted under well watered and water stress modalities was conducted. Frequent LiDAR measurements were performed along the growth cycle using a phénomobile unmanned ground vehicle. UAV equipped with a high resolution RGB camera was flying the experiment several times to retrieve the digital surface model from structure from motion techniques...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228823/current-practice-in-the-rehabilitation-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-a-survey-of-practitioners
#11
Caroline Miller, Mark Williams, Peter Heine, Esther Williamson, Neil O'connell
INTRODUCTION: International clinical guidelines for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome recommend a wide range and variation of rehabilitation therapies as the core treatment. It is likely that most therapists employ a range of approaches when managing people with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome but a recent Cochrane review identified little evidence relating to the effectiveness of multi-modal rehabilitation. There is need for up to date trials of rehabilitation for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, but in order to develop a clear model of best practice that can be rigorously evaluated we need to understand current practice...
December 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228783/training-in-integrative-therapies-increases-self-efficacy-in-providing-nondrug-therapies-and-self-confidence-in-offering-compassionate-care
#12
Kathi J Kemper, Ellie Hill
BACKGROUND: Patient demand and clinician interest have driven professional training in integrative therapies, but few rigorous evaluations have been published. METHODS: This project evaluated the proof of concept of training in acupressure, guided imagery, massage, and Reiki on clinicians' sense of self-efficacy in providing nondrug therapies, self-confidence in providing compassionate care, and engagement with work. RESULTS: Three out of 4 topics met minimum enrollment numbers; 22 of 24 participants completed follow-up as well as pretraining surveys...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225775/fibromax-based-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-methodological-considerations
#13
Denis Monneret
The relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been well demonstrated, but remains to be evidenced in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Recently, Viglino et al. (Eur Respir J, 2017) attempted to determine the prevalence of liver fibrosis, steatosis and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in COPD patients, some of whom had OSA, basing the NAFLD diagnostic on three circulating biomarker-based liver scores: the FibroTest, SteatoTest and NashTest, from the Fibromax® panel...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222850/exploratory-study-of-imagery-rescripting-without-focusing-on-early-traumatic-memories-for-major-depressive-disorder
#14
Fuminori Yamada, Yoichi Hiramatsu, Tomokazu Murata, Yoichi Seki, Mizue Yokoo, Remi Noguchi, Takayuki Shibuya, Mari Tanaka, Rieko Takanashi, Eiji Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Mental imagery has a more powerful impact on our emotions than thinking in words about the same material. Treating intrusive images with imagery rescripting (IR) has been reported for various disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, and bipolar disorder. There has been less research about IR as a major depressive disorder (MDD). AIMS: We examined whether IR without focusing on early traumatic memories is effective in MDD...
December 9, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220827/exploring-divers-of-forest-degradation-and-fragmentation-in-sudan-the-case-of-erawashda-forest-and-its-surrounding-community
#15
Hussein M Sulieman
Sudan is a hot spot for forest degradation. Efforts to maintain what remains of its forests should be of the highest priority. However, precise information on its forests' current state is very limited. Therefore, in order to effectively intervene in support of existing resources, it is important to have a better understanding of processes taking place in the country and impacting those resources. The objectives of this study are to quantify the consequences of land use and land cover (LULC) changes on forest degradation and fragmentation and to analyze the anthropogenic factors causing it, taking Erawashda Forest, eastern Sudan, as an example...
December 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220579/pupillary-responses-to-static-images-of-men-and-women-a-possible-measure-of-sexual-interest
#16
Robert J Snowden, Aimee McKinnon, Julie Fitoussi, Nicola S Gray
The pupil dilates to images that are arousing. In Experiment 1, we examined if the pupil's response to brief presentations (2,000 ms) of static images could be used to identify individuals' sexual orientation. Participants were grouped according to their self-reported gender and sexual orientation (male heterosexual, N = 20; male bisexual, N = 13; male homosexual, N = 19; female heterosexual, N = 28; female bisexual, N = 21; female homosexual, N = 17). Pupil size was monitored to images of men in seminude poses, women in seminude poses, or neutral images...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220327/self-paced-operation-of-a-wheelchair-based-on-a-hybrid-brain-computer-interface-combining-motor-imagery-and-p300-potential
#17
Yang Yu, Zongtan Zhou, Yadong Liu, Jun Jiang, Erwei Yin, Nannan Zhang, Zhihua Wang, Yaru Liu, Xingjie Wu, Dewen Hu
This paper presents a hybrid brain-computer interface (BCI) that combines motor imagery (MI) and P300 potential for the asynchronous operation of a brain-controlled wheelchair whose design is based on a Mecanum wheel. This paradigm is completely user-centric. By sequentially performing MI tasks or paying attention to P300 flashing, the user can use eleven functions to control the wheelchair: move forward/backward, move left/right, move left45/right45, accelerate/decelerate, turn left/right, and stop. The practicality and effectiveness of the proposed approach were validated in eight subjects, all of whom achieved good performance...
December 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220065/clinical-profile-of-patients-with-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-in-puerto-rico
#18
Joashlie M Méndez-Ruiz, Alfonso Martínez-Taboas, Yeira M Valdez-Pimentel, Miguel Torres-Narváez, Marianette Colón-Laboy, Gisela G Jiménez-Colón, José Rodríguez-Gómez, Christian J González-Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: Specialized epilepsy clinics receive many cases (20%-30% of total cases) in which the patients are diagnosed with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES). In Puerto Rico, there has been a lack of research on and data about patients with PNES. This study examined the clinical profile of 34 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of PNES. METHODS: A secondary analysis of 34 clinical records of patients with PNES was conducted. The resulting profile was based on clinical interviews, the behavioral presentation of seizures, the history of traumatic experiences or abuse, and the relationship between PNES events and life stressors...
December 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216188/monitoring-wound-healing-in-a-3d-wound-model-by-hyperspectral-imaging-and-efficient-clustering
#19
Mirwaes Wahabzada, Manuela Besser, Milad Khosravani, Matheus Thomas Kuska, Kristian Kersting, Anne-Katrin Mahlein, Ewa Stürmer
Wound healing is a complex and dynamic process with different distinct and overlapping phases from homeostasis, inflammation and proliferation to remodelling. Monitoring the healing response of injured tissue is of high importance for basic research and clinical practice. In traditional application, biological markers characterize normal and abnormal wound healing. Understanding functional relationships of these biological processes is essential for developing new treatment strategies. However, most of the present techniques (in vitro or in vivo) include invasive microscopic or analytical tissue sampling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215464/difference-in-phase-modulation-of-corticospinal-excitability-during-the-observation-of-the-action-of-walking-with-and-without-motor-imagery
#20
Naotsugu Kaneko, Yohei Masugi, Hikaru Yokoyama, Kimitaka Nakazawa
The aim of the current study was to clarify how corticospinal excitability (CSE) is modulated during the observation of the action of walking, combined with motor imagery (MI). We examined the difference in phase modulation of CSE with and without MI during the observation of the action of walking. We measured motor-evoked potentials in tibialis anterior and soleus muscles using transcranial magnetic stimulation under the following conditions: (1) baseline, (2) action observation (AO), and (3) AO and MI. Our results showed that, compared with AO alone, AO and MI of walking increased motor-evoked potentials...
December 5, 2017: Neuroreport
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