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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471518/differences-between-supportive-music-and-imagery-and-music-listening-during-outpatient-chemotherapy-and-potential-moderators-of-treatment-effects
#1
Debra S Burns, Anthony N Meadows, Sandra Althouse, Susan M Perkins, Larry D Cripe
Background: Supportive music and imagery and music listening interventions have been effective in decreasing distress and improving mood in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, but it is unclear whether the two interventions differ in their treatment benefits. Furthermore, previous studies have not examined moderators to determine which subgroup(s) of patients may benefit most from each intervention. Objective: To examine the effects of supportive music and imagery compared with preferred music listening on responsiveness to music therapy, distress, anxiety and depression, and benefit finding...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468905/the-effect-of-viewing-fitness-imagery-on-body-dissatisfaction-sex-and-physical-activity-differences
#2
Conor J Rothwell, Deirdre Desmond
Exposure to cultural bodily ideals featuring thinness and muscularity can have deleterious effects on body satisfaction. The current study explores the effect of exposure to such imagery on body dissatisfaction and the influence of internalisation of cultural and athletic ideals. 188 (97 male) adults (18-25yrs; M = 20.97) were grouped according to a 2 × 2 × 2 mixed between-within subjects design (male/female; high/low physical activity; intervention/control). Participants were exposed to images of idealised physiques or neutral images...
February 22, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468474/estimation-of-forest-aboveground-biomass-and-uncertainties-by-integration-of-field-measurements-airborne-lidar-and-sar-and-optical-satellite-data-in-mexico
#3
Mikhail Urbazaev, Christian Thiel, Felix Cremer, Ralph Dubayah, Mirco Migliavacca, Markus Reichstein, Christiane Schmullius
BACKGROUND: Information on the spatial distribution of aboveground biomass (AGB) over large areas is needed for understanding and managing processes involved in the carbon cycle and supporting international policies for climate change mitigation and adaption. Furthermore, these products provide important baseline data for the development of sustainable management strategies to local stakeholders. The use of remote sensing data can provide spatially explicit information of AGB from local to global scales...
February 21, 2018: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467777/interannual-change-detection-of-mediterranean-seagrasses-using-rapideye-image-time-series
#4
Dimosthenis Traganos, Peter Reinartz
Recent research studies have highlighted the decrease in the coverage of Mediterranean seagrasses due to mainly anthropogenic activities. The lack of data on the distribution of these significant aquatic plants complicates the quantification of their decreasing tendency. While Mediterranean seagrasses are declining, satellite remote sensing technology is growing at an unprecedented pace, resulting in a wealth of spaceborne image time series. Here, we exploit recent advances in high spatial resolution sensors and machine learning to study Mediterranean seagrasses...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466720/modulation-of-corticospinal-excitability-during-positive-and-negative-motor-imageries
#5
Hayaka Yokota, Nobuaki Mizuguchi, Ryusuke Kakigi, Hiroki Nakata
We investigated corticospinal excitability during positive (execution) and negative (suppression) imageries for the right and left upper and lower limbs. In the Positive Imagery tasks, sixteen subjects were instructed to repeatedly imagine rotation of the index finger of the right or left hand, or the ankle of the right or left foot. In the Negative Imagery tasks, they were asked to imagine the suppression of movements for the index finger of the right or left hand, or the ankle of the right or left foot. A single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation was delivered over the left hand primary motor cortex, and motor evoked potentials (MEPs) were recorded from the right first dorsal interosseous (FDI) muscle under all conditions...
February 18, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462639/-inhibition-or-facilitation-modulation-of-corticospinal-excitability-during-motor-imagery
#6
Valentina Bruno, Carlotta Fossataro, Francesca Garbarini
Motor imagery (MI) is the mental simulation of an action without any overt movement. Functional evidences show that brain activity during MI and motor execution (ME) largely overlaps. However, the role of the primary motor cortex (M1) during MI is controversial. Effective connectivity techniques show a facilitation on M1 during ME and an inhibition during MI, depending on whether an action should be performed or suppressed. Conversely, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) studies report facilitatory effects during both ME and MI...
February 17, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462503/efficacy-of-a-spanish-language-self-administered-stress-management-training-intervention-for-latinas-undergoing-chemotherapy
#7
Aasha I Hoogland, Suzanne C Lechner, Brian D Gonzalez, Brent J Small, Dinorah M Tyson, Yasmin Asvat, Anna Barata, Maria F Gomez, Yvelise Rodriguez, Heather S L Jim, Michael H Antoni, Paul B Jacobsen, Cathy D Meade
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients often report increased stress during chemotherapy. Stress management training has been shown to reduce this adverse outcome, but few interventions exist for Spanish-speaking Hispanic and Latina women (Latinas). METHODS: Following community feedback (including focus groups/in-depth interviews), we transcreated the Spanish-Language Self-Administered Stress Management Training (SL-SAT) intervention based on our previously developed and implemented English-based intervention...
February 20, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462451/transsylvian-transuncal-approach-for-an-anterior-midbrain-cavernous-malformation-resection-a-case-report
#8
Julien Delaunois, Géraldo Vaz, Christian Raftopoulos
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Cavernous malformations (CMs) are vascular abnormalities with a hemorrhage risk of 0.2% to 5% per year, according to their location. Brainstem CMs seem to have a greater hemorrhagic risk and represent a neurosurgical challenge. We report here the first transsylvian transuncal (TS-TU) approach for an anteromedial mesencephalic CM resection. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 29-yr-old female suddenly presented a left hemiparesis and central facial paresis with a diplopia in the upward gaze...
March 1, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461496/online-aerial-terrain-mapping-for-ground-robot-navigation
#9
John Peterson, Haseeb Chaudhry, Karim Abdelatty, John Bird, Kevin Kochersberger
This work presents a collaborative unmanned aerial and ground vehicle system which utilizes the aerial vehicle's overhead view to inform the ground vehicle's path planning in real time. The aerial vehicle acquires imagery which is assembled into a orthomosaic and then classified. These terrain classes are used to estimate relative navigation costs for the ground vehicle so energy-efficient paths may be generated and then executed. The two vehicles are registered in a common coordinate frame using a real-time kinematic global positioning system (RTK GPS) and all image processing is performed onboard the unmanned aerial vehicle, which minimizes the data exchanged between the vehicles...
February 20, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461114/picture-yourself-healthy-how-users-select-mediated-images-to-shape-health-intentions-and-behaviors
#10
Brianna Wilson, Silvia Knobloch-Westerwick, Melissa J Robinson
Hypotheses on how selective viewing of mediated images may sustain eating habits and aid healthier eating were derived from the Selective Exposure Self- and Affect Management model. The model posits that individuals select to view media to manage their self-concepts-and that this exposure affects subsequent intentions and behaviors. Participants (N = 265) selectively viewed Instagram-like postings featuring healthy or unhealthy food imagery. Beforehand, participants reported habits and perceived expert recommendations regarding food intake...
February 20, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459847/novel-approaches-to-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-disorders-of-consciousness-detecting-peripersonal-space-by-using-ultrasonics
#11
Antonino Naro, Antonino Chillura, Simona Portaro, Alessia Bramanti, Rosaria De Luca, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
The assessment of behavioral responsiveness in patients suffering from chronic disorders of consciousness (DoC), including Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome (UWS) and Minimally Conscious State (MCS), is challenging. Even if a patient is unresponsive, he/she may be covertly aware in reason of a cognitive-motor dissociation, i.e., a preservation of cognitive functions despite a solely reflexive behavioral responsiveness. The approach of an external stimulus to the peripersonal space (PPS) modifies some biological measures (e...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459837/effects-of-relaxing-and-arousing-music-during-imagery-training-on-dart-throwing-performance-physiological-arousal-indices-and-competitive-state-anxiety
#12
Garry Kuan, Tony Morris, Yee Cheng Kueh, Peter C Terry
Music that is carefully selected to match the requirements of activities and the characteristics of individuals has been shown to produce significant impacts on performance enhancement (Priest et al., 2004). There is also evidence that music can enhance imagery (Grocke and Wigram, 2007), although few studies have investigated the effects of music on imagery in the context of sport skills. In the present study, the effects of relaxing and arousing music during imagery on dart-throwing performance, physiological arousal indices, and competitive state anxiety, were investigated among 63 novice dart throwers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459389/tobacco-industry-misappropriation-of-american-indian-culture-and-traditional-tobacco
#13
Joanne D'Silva, Erin O'Gara, Nicole T Villaluz
OBJECTIVE: Describe the extent to which tobacco industry marketing tactics incorporated American Indian culture and traditional tobacco. METHODS: A keyword search of industry documents was conducted using document archives from the Truth Tobacco Documents Library. Tobacco industry documents (n=76) were analysed for themes. RESULTS: Tobacco industry marketing tactics have incorporated American Indian culture and traditional tobacco since at least the 1930s, with these tactics prominently highlighted during the 1990s with Natural American Spirit cigarettes...
February 19, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458927/the-effect-of-pleasant-olfactory-mental-imagery-on-the-incidence-and-extent-of-atelectasis-in-patients-after-open-heart-surgery
#14
Masoud Rezaei-Nodehi, Seyed Afshin Shorofi, Masoumeh Bagheri-Nesami, Rahman Ghafari, Jamshid Yazdani-Charati, Manizheh Darbeheshti
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Atelectasis is the most common pulmonary complication after open heart surgery. This study was intended to examine the effects of pleasant olfactory mental imagery on postoperative atelectasis in patients undergoing open heart surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a randomized controlled clinical trial. The sample consisted of 80 patients who were randomly assigned to either practice olfactory mental imagery (test group) or receive routine care (control group)...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457150/the-links-between-agriculture-anopheles-mosquitoes-and-malaria-risk-in-children-younger-than-5-years-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-a-population-based-cross-sectional-spatial-study
#15
Mark M Janko, Seth R Irish, Brian J Reich, Marc Peterson, Stephanie M Doctor, Melchior Kashamuka Mwandagalirwa, Joris L Likwela, Antoinette K Tshefu, Steven R Meshnick, Michael E Emch
Background: The relationship between agriculture, Anopheles mosquitoes, and malaria in Africa is not fully understood, but it is important for malaria control as countries consider expanding agricultural projects to address population growth and food demand. Therefore, we aimed to assess the effect of agriculture on Anopheles biting behaviour and malaria risk in children in rural areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo). Methods: We did a population-based, cross-sectional, spatial study of rural children (<5 years) in the DR Congo...
February 2018: Lancet. Planetary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457147/a-scoping-review-of-health-outcomes-examined-in-randomized-controlled-trials-using-guided-imagery
#16
Peter R Giacobbi, Jonathan Stewart, Keeley Chaffee, Anna-Marie Jaeschke, Meagan Stabler, George A Kelley
Introduction: Guided imagery involves the controlled visualization of detailed mental images. This integrative health technique is used for healing, health maintenance, or the treatment of specific conditions. Guided imagery is an integral part of mindfulness meditation, hypnosis, and various relaxation exercises. However, evidence to support the widespread use and dissemination of guided imagery interventions has been lacking. The purposes of this scoping review were to document the scope of health outcomes and disease processes examined by guided imagery researchers and the journal outlets where this work has been published...
December 2017: Progress in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455440/computer-aided-solution-for-automatic-segmenting-and-measurements-of-blood-leucocytes-using-static-microscope-images
#17
Enas Abdulhay, Mazin Abed Mohammed, Dheyaa Ahmed Ibrahim, N Arunkumar, V Venkatraman
Blood leucocytes segmentation in medical images is viewed as difficult process due to the variability of blood cells concerning their shape and size and the difficulty towards determining location of Blood Leucocytes. Physical analysis of blood tests to recognize leukocytes is tedious, time-consuming and liable to error because of the various morphological components of the cells. Segmentation of medical imagery has been considered as a difficult task because of complexity of images, and also due to the non-availability of leucocytes models which entirely captures the probable shapes in each structures and also incorporate cell overlapping, the expansive variety of the blood cells concerning their shape and size, various elements influencing the outer appearance of the blood leucocytes, and low Static Microscope Image disparity from extra issues outcoming about because of noise...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455131/downscaling-hydrodynamics-features-to-depict-causes-of-major-productivity-of-sicilian-maltese-area-and-implications-for-resource-management
#18
Fulvio Capodici, Giuseppe Ciraolo, Simone Cosoli, Antonino Maltese, M Cristina Mangano, Gianluca Sarà
Chlorophyll-a (CHL-a) and sea surface temperature (SST) are generally accepted as proxies for water quality. They can be easily retrieved in a quasi-near real time mode through satellite remote sensing and, as such, they provide an overview of the water quality on a synoptic scale in open waters. Their distributions evolve in space and time in response to local and remote forcing, such as winds and currents, which however have much finer temporal and spatial scales than those resolvable by satellites in spite of recent advances in satellite remote-sensing techniques...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455071/the-use-of-satellite-data-to-measure-ultraviolet-b-penetrance-and-its-potential-association-with-age-of-multiple-sclerosis-onset
#19
Ofer Amram, Nadine Schuurman, Ellen Randall, Feng Zhu, Jameelah Saeedi, Peter Rieckmann, Irene Yee, Helen Tremlett
BACKGROUND: Studies have indicated an association between low Ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure and an increased risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS). Few studies, however, have explored whether UVB exposure is associated with the age at MS symptom onset. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the potential association between cumulative early life ambient UVB exposure and age at MS onset, using satellite data to measure ambient UVB exposure. METHODS: Adult onset MS patients were selected from the University of British Columbia's MS genetic database (1980-2005)...
February 6, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453776/syndromic-sebaceous-nevus-current-findings
#20
Oumama El Ezzi, Anthony S de Buys Roessingh, Michèle Bigorre, Guillaume Captier
BACKGROUND: Sebaceous nevus is a congenital malformation of the skin that usually occurs on the scalp or face. Syndromic forms do rarely exist with associated cerebral and ocular malformations. The skin lesions are pale at birth and become irregular by puberty. In the adult patient, tumors (usually benign) develop from sebaceous nevus. Their surgical excision during childhood can give a better result in terms of the definitive scar. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to analyze our cases of syndromic sebaceous hamartoma, perform a review of the existing literature, and propose guidelines for the therapeutic plan...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
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