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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691626/the-disparities-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery-outcomes-by-insurance-status-a-retrospective-cohort-study-2007-2014
#1
Timothy M Connolly, Robert S White, Dahniel L Sastow, Licia K Gaber-Baylis, Zachary A Turnbull, Lisa Q Rong
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery is the gold standard treatment for complex coronary artery disease. Social determinants of health, including primary payer status, are disproportionately associated with adverse outcomes following surgical operations. We sought to examine associations between insurance status, in particular having Medicaid public insurance, and postoperative outcomes following isolated CABG surgeries. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed using Florida, California, New York, Maryland, and Kentucky State Inpatient Databases (2007-2014) for isolated CABG patients ≥ 18 years...
April 24, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691312/effect-of-interactions-among-individuals-on-the-chemotaxis-behaviours-of-caenorhabditis-elegans
#2
Toshiki Yoshimizu, Hisashi Shidara, Keita Ashida, Kohji Hotta, Kotaro Oka
In many species, individual social animals interact with others in their group and change their collective behaviours. Meanwhile, for the solitary nematode Caenorhabditis elegans strain, N2, previous research suggests that individuals can change the behaviour of other worms via pheromones and mechanosensory interactions. Pheromones, especially, affect foraging behaviour, so that the chemotactic behaviours of individuals in a group (population) can be modulated by interactions with other individuals in the population...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691161/experiences-and-perspectives-of-dietary-management-among-patients-on-hemodialysis-an-interview-study
#3
Jessica Stevenson, Allison Tong, Talia Gutman, Katrina L Campbell, Jonathan C Craig, Mark A Brown, Vincent W Lee
OBJECTIVES: Diet and fluid management can reduce mortality, serious comorbidities, and debilitating symptoms in patients on hemodialysis, but restrictions may also be a major burden, and nonadherence remains high. We aimed to describe the perspectives and experiences of patients on hemodialysis regarding their dietary management to understand both facilitators and barriers to adherence and to identify strategies to improve care. DESIGN AND METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 35 people on maintenance hemodialysis from six dialysis units in New South Wales, Australia...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688085/music-therapy-applied-to-complex-blast-injury-in-interdisciplinary-care-a-case-report
#4
Rebecca Vaudreuil, Luis Avila, Joke Bradt, Paul Pasquina
PURPOSE: Music therapy has a long history of treating the physiological, psychological, and neurological injuries of war. Recently, there has been an increase in the use of music therapy and other creative arts therapies in the care of combat injured service members returning to the United States from Iraq and Afghanistan, especially those with complex blast-related injuries. This case report describes the role of music therapy in the interdisciplinary rehabilitation of a severely injured service member...
April 24, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687293/psychosocial-stress-exposure-disrupts-mammary-gland-development
#5
Marianna B Johnson, Joscelyn N Hoffmann, Hannah M You, Ricardo R Lastra, Sully Fernandez, Jordan W Strober, Ahmad B Allaw, Matthew J Brady, Suzanne D Conzen, Martha K McClintock
Exposure to psychosocial stressors and ensuing stress physiology have been associated with spontaneous invasive mammary tumors in the Sprague-Dawley rat model of human breast cancer. Mammary gland (MG) development is a time when physiologic and environmental exposures influence breast cancer risk. However, the effect of psychosocial stress exposure on MG development remains unknown. Here, in the first comprehensive longitudinal study of MG development in nulliparous female rats (from puberty through young adulthood; 8-25 wks of age), we quantify the spatial gradient of differentiation within the MG of socially stressed (isolated) and control (grouped) rats...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684289/lonely-young-adults-in-modern-britain-findings-from-an-epidemiological-cohort-study
#6
Timothy Matthews, Andrea Danese, Avshalom Caspi, Helen L Fisher, Sidra Goldman-Mellor, Agnieszka Kepa, Terrie E Moffitt, Candice L Odgers, Louise Arseneault
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to build a detailed, integrative profile of the correlates of young adults' feelings of loneliness, in terms of their current health and functioning and their childhood experiences and circumstances. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study, a birth cohort of 2232 individuals born in England and Wales in 1994 and 1995. Loneliness was measured when participants were aged 18. Regression analyses were used to test concurrent associations between loneliness and health and functioning in young adulthood...
April 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683911/acog-committee-opinion-no-736-optimizing-postpartum-care
#7
(no author information available yet)
The weeks following birth are a critical period for a woman and her infant, setting the stage for long-term health and well-being. To optimize the health of women and infants, postpartum care should become an ongoing process, rather than a single encounter, with services and support tailored to each woman's individual needs. It is recommended that all women have contact with their obstetrician-gynecologists or other obstetric care providers within the first 3 weeks postpartum. This initial assessment should be followed up with ongoing care as needed, concluding with a comprehensive postpartum visit no later than 12 weeks after birth...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683906/acog-committee-opinion-no-736-summary-optimizing-postpartum-care
#8
(no author information available yet)
The weeks following birth are a critical period for a woman and her infant, setting the stage for long-term health and well-being. To optimize the health of women and infants, postpartum care should become an ongoing process, rather than a single encounter, with services and support tailored to each woman's individual needs. It is recommended that all women have contact with their obstetrician-gynecologists or other obstetric care providers within the first 3 weeks postpartum. This initial assessment should be followed up with ongoing care as needed, concluding with a comprehensive postpartum visit no later than 12 weeks after birth...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683769/do-the-youth-olympic-games-promote-olympism-analysing-a-mission-im-possible-from-a-local-youth-perspective
#9
Martin Schnitzer, Janette Walde, Sabrina Scheiber, Roman Nagiller, Gottfried Tappeiner
On the basis of the Youth Olympic Games (YOG), we assess if and how the youth in the communities of the YOG host cities have been influenced concerning their perception of the Olympic values (OV) and the Olympic movement (OM). Special attention of the study is paid to the analysis of intervention mechanisms which the local youth underwent (e.g. attending the YOG on-site, participating in school programmes). Our study was conducted among 1004 adolescents living in the host region three years after the Innsbruck 2012 YOG had been staged...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681804/neurophysiological-effects-of-trait-empathy-in-music-listening
#10
Zachary Wallmark, Choi Deblieck, Marco Iacoboni
The social cognitive basis of music processing has long been noted, and recent research has shown that trait empathy is linked to musical preferences and listening style. Does empathy modulate neural responses to musical sounds? We designed two functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiments to address this question. In Experiment 1, subjects listened to brief isolated musical timbres while being scanned. In Experiment 2, subjects listened to excerpts of music in four conditions (familiar liked (FL)/disliked and unfamiliar liked (UL)/disliked)...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681777/effects-of-torso-weighting-on-standing-balance-and-falls-during-the-sensory-organization-test-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Kristin K Horn, Diane D Allen, Cynthia Gibson-Horn, Gail L Widener
Background: In people with multiple sclerosis (MS), common gait and balance impairments can lead to falls, fear of falling, activity restriction, and social isolation. Sensory augmentation in the form of torso-weighting has resulted in improvement in gait and balance, but research on its effect on falls in MS is lacking. Methods: 60 people with MS and 10 bin-matched controls completed the Sensory Organization Test (SOT) while nonweighted and again while weighted using the Balance-Based Torso-Weighting assessment method...
March 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681323/the-role-of-social-and-interpersonal-factors-in-placebo-analgesia
#12
Elizabeth A Necka, Lauren Y Atlas
Placebo effects are beneficial clinical outcomes that emerge as a result of nonspecific contextual factors, transmitted primarily by the treating physician and the social, physical, and behavioral cues he or she displays. The patient-provider therapeutic alliance is critical for determining placebo effects and health outcomes. In this chapter, we review the recent literature, suggesting that provider social characteristics modulate placebo and clinical outcomes. We highlight the importance of studying not only the provider but also the patient's perception of the provider, which is subject to the influence of the patient's psychosocial orientation, such as their psychosocial motivations and perceptions of their interpersonal relationships broadly...
2018: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680585/functional-and-cognitive-impairment-social-functioning-frailty-and-adverse-health-outcomes-in-older-patients-with-esophageal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#13
Floor J van Deudekom, Henk G Klop, Henk H Hartgrink, Jurjen J Boonstra, Irene M Lips, Marije Slingerland, Simon P Mooijaart
BACKGROUND: Older patients with esophageal cancer are at high risk of adverse health outcomes, but the association of geriatric assessment with adverse health outcomes in these patients has not been systematically evaluated. The aim of this systematic review was to study the association of functional and cognitive impairment, social environment and frailty with adverse health outcomes in patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer. METHODS: We searched Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library for original studies reporting on associations of functional or cognitive impairment, social environment and frailty with adverse outcomes (mortality, functional or cognitive decline, adverse events during treatment, prolonged length of hospitalization (LOS) and health related quality of life (HRQoL)) after follow-up in patients with esophageal cancer...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679545/the-impact-of-ocular-tuberculosis-on-vision-after-two-months-of-intensive-therapy
#14
Suzana Batista Vereza de Oliveira, Ângelo Ferreira Passos, David Jamil Hadad, Lorena Zbyszynski, Pedro Sousa de Almeida Júnior, Luiz Guilherme Schmidt Castellani, Reynaldo Dietze, Moisés Palaci
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease of global importance with major economic and social burden accounting for 25% of all avoidable deaths in developing countries. Extrapulmonary involvement may occur either in association with clinically apparent pulmonary tuberculosis or in isolation. This cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to evaluate the impact of ocular tuberculosis in visual acuity at baseline and after two months of intensive anti-tuberculous therapy. A sample of 133 pulmonary TB patients, seven disseminated TB, and three pleural TB patients was evaluated...
April 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678993/qualitative-longitudinal-study-of-episodic-disability-experiences-of-older-women-living-with-hiv-in-ontario-canada
#15
Patricia Solomon, Kelly K O'Brien, Stephanie Nixon, Lori Letts, Larry Baxter, Nicole Gervais
OBJECTIVES: To examine the episodic disability experiences of older women living with HIV over time. DESIGN: Qualitative longitudinal study, conducting semistructured in-depth interviews on four occasions over a 20-month time frame. Inductive thematic analyses were conducted cross-sectionally and longitudinally. SETTING: Participants were recruited from HIV community organisations in Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 10 women aged 50 years or older living with HIV for more than 6 years...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678176/prenatal-and-early-life-diesel-exhaust-exposure-causes-autism-like-behavioral-changes-in-mice
#16
Yu-Chi Chang, Toby B Cole, Lucio G Costa
BACKGROUND: Escalating prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in recent decades has triggered increasing efforts in understanding roles played by environmental risk factors as a way to address this widespread public health concern. Several epidemiological studies show associations between developmental exposure to traffic-related air pollution and increased ASD risk. In rodent models, a limited number of studies have shown that developmental exposure to ambient ultrafine particulates or diesel exhaust (DE) can result in behavioral phenotypes consistent with mild ASD...
April 20, 2018: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678157/psycho-social-impact-of-stillbirths-on-women-and-their-families-in-tamil-nadu-india-a-qualitative-study
#17
Vijayaprasad Gopichandran, Sudharshini Subramaniam, Maria Jusler Kalsingh
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth has serious psycho-social consequences on the parents and on the family. The psychological impact of stillbirth is strongly influenced by the social and cultural context. There is very scarce information on this from the Indian context. This qualitative study was conducted to understand the psycho-social impact, aggravating factors, coping styles and health system response to stillbirths. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted using in-depth interviews with mothers who experienced stillbirth in the past 1 year and their families...
April 20, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678066/older-adults-co-creating-meaningful-individualized-social-activities-online-for-healthy-ageing
#18
Madeleine Blusi, Ingeborg Nilsson, Helena Lindgren
Social isolation and loneliness among older people is a growing problem with negative effects on physical and mental health. In co-creation with older adults individualized social activities were designed where older adults through computer mediated communication were able to participate in social activities without leaving their homes. Four types of activities were designed; outdoor activity, music event, visiting a friend and leisure activity. A participatory action research design was applied, where end users together with scientists from two research fields developed, tested and evaluated online participation in the activities...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677604/the-association-between-unemployment-and-depression-results-from-the-population-based-life-adult-study
#19
Andrea E Zuelke, Tobias Luck, Matthias L Schroeter, A Veronica Witte, Andreas Hinz, Christoph Engel, Cornelia Enzenbach, Silke Zachariae, Markus Loeffler, Joachim Thiery, Arno Villringer, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
BACKGROUND: Unemployment is a risk factor for impaired mental health. Based on a large population-based sample, in this study we therefore sought to provide detailed information on the association between unemployment and depression including information on (i) differences between men and women, (ii) differences between different types of unemployment, and (iii) on the impact of material and social resources on the association. METHODS: We studied 4,842 participants (18-65 years) of the population-based LIFE-Adult-Study...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676225/post-stroke-social-networks-depressive-symptoms-and-disability-in-tanzania-a-prospective-study
#20
Altaf Saadi, Kigocha Okeng'o, Maijo R Biseko, Agness F Shayo, Theoflo N Mmbando, Sara J Grundy, Ai Xu, Robert A Parker, Leah Wibecan, Geetha Iyer, Peter M Onesmo, Boniphace N Kapina, Robert W Regenhardt, Farrah J Mateen
Background Evidence suggests that social networks improve functional recovery after stroke, but this work has not been extended to low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Post-stroke depression interferes with functional outcome but is understudied in LMICs. Aims To determine the relationships between social networks, disability, and depressive symptoms in patients surviving 90-days post-stroke in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Methods Participants ≥ 18 years, admitted ≤ 14 days of stroke onset, were enrolled...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
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