keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Social isolation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036856/informal-care-employment-and-quality-of-life-barriers-and-facilitators-to-combining-informal-care-and-work-participation-for-healthcare-professionals
#1
Eveline Heitink, Yvonne Heerkens, Josephine Engels
BACKGROUND: In The Netherlands, one out of six Dutch employees has informal care tasks; in the hospital and healthcare sector, this ratio is one out of four workers. Informal carers experience problems with the combination of work and informal care. In particular, they have problems with the burden of responsibility, a lack of independence and their health. These problems can reveal themselves in a variety of mental and physical symptoms that can result in absenteeism, reduction or loss of (work) participation, reduction of income, and even social isolation...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034259/problem-adaptation-therapy-for-pain-path-pain-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-older-adults-with-chronic-pain-and-negative-emotions-in-primary-care
#2
Dimitris N Kiosses, Lisa D Ravdin, Amy Stern, Ruth Bolier, Cara Kenien, M Carrington Reid
Chronic pain is highly prevalent in older adults, contributes to activity restriction and social isolation, disrupts family and interpersonal relationships, and poses a significant economic burden to society. Negative emotions such as sadness, anxiety, helplessness, and hopelessness are associated with chronic pain and contribute to poor quality of life, impaired interpersonal and social functioning, and increased disability. Psychosocial interventions for older adults with chronic pain have been historically developed for, and are almost exclusively delivered to, cognitively intact patients...
2017: Geriatrics (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033636/validity-and-reliability-of-the-quality-of-life-in-epilepsy-inventory-qolie-10-for-turkey
#3
Mukadder Mollaoğlu, Muratcan Mollaoğlu, Zehra Durna
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to test as a shortened form of the health-related quality of life for patients with epilepsy inventory (QOLIE). METHODS: A study of 148 adult epileptic patients admitted to the Neurology Outpatient Clinic at Cumhuriyet University Hospital in Sivas was used to derive a brief screening tool from a longer instrument (QOLIE-31). RESULTS: The 10-item questionnaire (QOLIE-10) contains general and epilepsy-specific dimensions grouped into three domains: Epilepsy Effects (memory, physical effects, and mental effects of medication), Mental Health (energy, depression, overall quality of life), and Role Functioning (seizure worry, work, driving, social limits)...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033604/chronic-pain-and-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis-translational-implications-from-preclinical-studies
#4
Mariagrazia Grilli
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis (ahNG) occurs in the human brain. Adult generated neurons have been proposed to functionally contribute to relevant hippocampal functions such as learning and memory, mood regulation, and stress response. Learning, environmental enrichment, and physical exercise exert positive effects on ahNG. In parallel, these proneurogenic stimuli have been shown to ameliorate cognitive performance and/or depressive-like behavior in animal models. Conversely, aging, social isolation, and chronic stress exert negative effects on ahNG...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031549/assessment-of-social-behavior-directed-toward-sick-partners-and-its-relation-to-central-cytokine-expression-in-rats
#5
Eduardo Kenji Hamasato, Dennis Lovelock, João Palermo-Neto, Terrence Deak
Acute illness not only reduces the expression of social behavior by sick rodents, but can also lead to avoidance responses when detected by healthy, would-be social partners. When healthy animals interact with a sick partner, an intriguing question arises: does exposure to a sick conspecific elicit an anticipatory immune response that would facilitate defense against future infection? To address this question, healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (N=64) were given a brief social interaction (30min) with a partner that was either sick (250μg/kg injection with lipopolysaccharide [LPS] 3h prior to test) or healthy (sterile saline injection)...
October 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031518/investigation-of-nonlinear-epidemiological-models-for-analyzing-and-controlling-the-mers-outbreak-in-korea
#6
Inkyung Ahn, Seongman Heo, Seunghyun Ji, Kyung Hyun Kim, Taehwan Kim, Eun Joo Lee, Jooyoung Park, Keehoon Sung
Much concern has arisen regarding serious epidemics due to the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronavirus. The first MERS case of Korea was reported on 20 May 2015, and since then, the MERS outbreak in Korea has resulted in hundreds of confirmed cases and tens of deaths. Deadly infectious diseases such as MERS have significant direct and indirect social impacts, which include disease-induced mortality and economic losses. Also, a delayed response to the outbreak and underestimating its danger can further aggravate the situation...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029074/multimodality-imaging-evaluation-of-chagas-disease-an-expert-consensus-of-brazilian-cardiovascular-imaging-department-dic-and-the-european-association-of-cardiovascular-imaging-eacvi
#7
Maria Carmo P Nunes, Luigi Paolo Badano, J Antonio Marin-Neto, Thor Edvardsen, Covadonga Fernández-Golfín, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, Bogdan A Popescu, Richard Underwood, Gilbert Habib, Jose Luis Zamorano, Roberto Magalhães Saraiva, Ester Cerdeira Sabino, Fernando A Botoni, Márcia Melo Barbosa, Marcio Vinicius L Barros, Eduardo Falqueto, Marcus Vinicius Simões, André Schmidt, Carlos Eduardo Rochitte, Manoel Otávio Costa Rocha, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Patrizio Lancellotti
Aims: To develop a document by Brazilian Cardiovascular Imaging Department (DIC) and the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) to review and summarize the most recent evidences about the non-invasive assessment of patients with Chagas disease, with the intent to set up a framework for standardized cardiovascular imaging to assess cardiovascular morphologic and functional disturbances, as well as to guide the subsequent process of clinical decision-making. Methods and results: Chagas disease remains one of the most prevalent infectious diseases in Latin America, and has become a health problem in non-endemic countries...
September 25, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025820/well-being-of-family-medicine-graduates
#8
Olga Szafran, Wayne Woloschuk, Jacqueline M I Torti, Douglas Myhre
OBJECTIVE: To determine family medicine graduates' professional and personal well-being, general health status, stress levels, coping strategies, and the degree to which they felt supported or isolated in professional life; and to compare findings by sex, practice location, and location of medical school (Canadian medical graduates [CMGs] vs international medical graduates [IMGs]). DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: University of Alberta in Edmonton and the University of Calgary in Alberta...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024284/how-do-people-with-long-term-mental-health-problems-negotiate-relationships-with-network-members-at-times-of-crisis
#9
Sandra Walker, Anne Kennedy, Ivaylo Vassilev, Anne Rogers
BACKGROUND: Social network processes impact on the genesis and management of mental health problems. There is currently less understanding of the way people negotiate networked relationships in times of crisis compared to how they manage at other times. OBJECTIVE: This paper explores the patterns and nature of personal network involvement at times of crises and how these may differ from day-to-day networks of recovery and maintenance. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews with 25 participants with a diagnosis of long-term mental health (MH) problems drawn from recovery settings in the south of England...
October 10, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023545/territorial-choruses-of-giant-otter-groups-pteronura-brasiliensis-encode-information-on-group-identity
#10
Christina A S Mumm, Mirjam Knörnschild
Group living animals often engage in corporate territorial defence. Territorial group vocalizations can provide information about group identity, size and composition. Neighbouring groups may use this information to avoid unfavourable direct conflicts. Giant otters are highly social and territorial animals with an elaborate vocal repertoire. They produce long-range screams when they are alert or excited, i.e. in an alarm, isolation or begging context. Long-range screams are not only produced by one individual at a time ('single screams') but also by multiple group members simultaneously, resulting in a highly conspicuous 'group chorus'...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022558/klinefelter-syndrome-in-childhood-variability-in-clinical-and-molecular-findings
#11
Neşe Akcan, Şükran Poyrazoğlu, Firdevs Baş, Rüveyde Bundak, Feyza Darendeliler
OBJECTIVE: Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is the most common (1/500-1/1000) chromosomal disorder in males, but only 10% of cases are identified in childhood. This study aimed to review the data of the children with KS to assess the age and reason for diagnosis, clinical and laboratory findings, as well as the presence of comorbidities. METHODS: Twenty-three KS patients were analyzed retrospectively. Age at admission, presenting symptoms, comorbid problems, height, weight, pubertal status, biochemical findings, hormone profiles, bone mineral density, and karyotype were evaluated...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022149/brief-report-self-reported-academic-social-and-mental-health-experiences-of-post-secondary-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Scott L J Jackson, Logan Hart, Jane Thierfeld Brown, Fred R Volkmar
Increasing numbers of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are enrolling in post-secondary academic institutions. However, research indicates that post-secondary students with ASD are struggling more than their typically developing peers, with high rates of loneliness, anxiety, depression, and an increased incidence of dropping-out before completion of their degrees. The current study utilized an online survey to gain insight into the self-reported academic, social, and mental health experiences of post-secondary students with ASD...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020957/social-disparities-in-the-prevalence-of-diabetes-in-australia-and-in-the-development-of-end-stage-renal-disease-due-to-diabetes-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islanders-in-australia-and-maori-and-pacific-islanders-in-new-zealand
#13
Kathleen Hill, Paul Ward, Blair S Grace, Jonathan Gleadle
BACKGROUND: Disparities in health status occur between people with differing socioeconomic status and disadvantaged groups usually have the highest risk exposure and the worst health outcome. We sought to examine the social disparities in the population prevalence of diabetes and in the development of treated end stage renal disease due to type 1 diabetes which has not previously been studied in Australia and New Zealand in isolation from type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This observational study examined the population prevalence of diabetes in a sample of the Australian population (7,434,492) using data from the National Diabetes Services Scheme and of treated end stage renal disease due to diabetes using data from the Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry...
October 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020312/explaining-the-impact-of-poverty-on-old-age-frailty-in-europe-material-psychosocial-and-behavioural-factors
#14
Erwin Stolz, Hannes Mayerl, Anja Waxenegger, Wolfgang Freidl
Previous research found poverty to be associated with adverse health outcomes among older adults but the factors that translate low economic resources into poor physical health are not well understood. The goal of this analysis was to assess the impact of material, psychosocial, and behavioural factors as well as education in explaining the poverty-health link. In total, 28 360 observations from 11 390 community-dwelling respondents (65+) in the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (2004-13, 10 countries) were analysed...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019527/factors-related-to-the-perceived-stigmatization-of-people-living-with-hiv
#15
Juliano de Souza Caliari, Sheila Araujo Teles, Renata Karina Reis, Elucir Gir
OBJECTIVE: Analyzing the factors related to perceived stigmatization of people living with HIV. METHOD: A cross-sectional study conducted from September of 2014 to December 2015 with users from a specialized service in Minas Gerais. Data were collected through individual instrument application, organized in Microsoft Office Excel(r) 2010 spreadsheets and processed on IBM(r) SPSS 23.0. Descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression method were used for data analysis, adopting statistical significance set at 5...
October 9, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018072/association-between-home-visiting-interventions-and-first-nations-families-health-and-social-outcomes-in-manitoba-canada-protocol-for-a-study-of-linked-population-based-administrative-data
#16
Marni D Brownell, Nathan C Nickel, Jennifer E Enns, Mariette Chartier, Rhonda Campbell, Wanda Phillips-Beck, Dan Chateau, Elaine Burland, Rob Santos, Alan Katz
INTRODUCTION: First Nations people are descendants of Canada's original inhabitants. In consequence of historical and ongoing structural injustices, many First Nations families struggle with challenging living conditions, including high rates of poverty, poor housing conditions, mental illness and social isolation. These risk factors impede caregivers' abilities to meet their children's basic physical and psychosocial needs. Home visiting programmes were developed to support child developmental health in families facing parenting challenges...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017558/stress-health-and-quality-of-life-of-female-migrant-domestic-workers-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
S G Anjara, L B Nellums, C Bonetto, T Van Bortel
BACKGROUND: There is a global increase in migrant workers. In Singapore, there are over 230,000 migrant domestic workers (MDWs). Female MDWs may experience high levels of stress and social isolation, which may negatively impact on their health and quality of life. There have also been documented cases of abuse and exploitation. However, there is a lack of empirical research with this population. This study aimed to investigate factors impacting on the health and quality of life of female MDWs in Singapore, including socio-demographic and job related characteristics, stress, social isolation, and working management style...
October 10, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017377/early-maladaptive-schemas-in-patients-with-bipolar-and-unipolar-disorder
#18
Selçuk Özdin, Gökhan Sarisoy, Ahmet Rıfat Şahin, Ali Cezmi Arik, Hatice Özyıldız Güz, Ömer Böke, Aytül Karabekiroğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to determine the difference between the bipolar disorder, unipolar disorder and control groups in terms of maladaptive schemes and childhood trauma. METHODS: Two groups of patients under monitoring with a diagnosis of bipolar or unipolar disorder and one group of healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Each group consisted of 60 subjects. The Young Mania Rating Scale and Beck Depression Inventory were used to confirm that patients were in remission...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016166/-replicability-and-other-features-of-a-high-quality-science-toward-a-balanced-and-empirical-approach-correction-to-finkel-et-al-2017
#19
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Replicability and other features of a high-quality science: Toward a balanced and empirical approach" by Eli J. Finkel, Paul W. Eastwick and Harry T. Reis (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2017[Aug], Vol 113[2], 244-253). In the commentary, there was an error in the References list. The publishing year for the 18th article was cited incorrectly as 2016. The in-text acronym associated with this citation should read instead as LCL2017. The correct References list citation should read as follows: LeBel, E...
November 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988548/the-impact-of-intergenerational-programs-on-children-and-older-adults-a-review
#20
Maria Rosaria Gualano, Gianluca Voglino, Fabrizio Bert, Robin Thomas, Elisa Camussi, Roberta Siliquini
BACKGROUND: Elderly are at particular risk of social isolation. This condition significantly affects health; on the contrary, social involvement can be extremely advantageous. In this context, intergenerational programs improve interactions between different ages. Then, we conducted a review regarding intergenerational programs, to summarize the effects of these activities on both elderly and children. METHODS: Our review followed the PRISMA statements. We considered papers reporting data about intergenerational programs involving children (preschool and elementary) and elderly...
October 9, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
keyword
keyword
89952
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"