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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475195/instant-messaging-and-nursing-students-clinical-learning-experience
#1
Christoph Pimmer, Florian Brühlmann, Titilayo Dorothy Odetola, Oluwafemi Dipeolu, Urs Gröhbiel, Ademola J Ajuwon
BACKGROUND: Although learning in clinical settings is a key element of nursing education, for many learners these are challenging developmental contexts often marked by isolation and a lack of belongingness. Despite the massive appropriation of mobile instant messaging (MIM) platforms and the connective properties attendant to them, very little is known about their role in and impact on nursing students' clinical learning experiences. APPROACH AND METHODS: To address this gap, the study, which was part of a multinational research project on the use of mobile social media in health professions education in developing countries, examined the use of the instant messaging platform WhatsApp by nursing students during placements and potential associations with socio-professional indicators...
February 10, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474687/enhanced-automatic-action-imitation-and-intact-imitation-inhibition-in-schizophrenia
#2
Arndis Simonsen, Riccardo Fusaroli, Joshua Charles Skewes, Andreas Roepstorff, Daniel Campbell-Meiklejohn, Ole Mors, Vibeke Bliksted
Imitation plays a key role in social learning and in facilitating social interactions and likely constitutes a basic building block of social cognition that supports higher-level social abilities. Recent findings suggest that patients with schizophrenia have imitation impairments that could contribute to the social impairments associated with the disorder. However, extant studies have specifically assessed voluntary imitation or automatic imitation of emotional stimuli without controlling for potential confounders...
February 21, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472964/functional-outcomes-of-thoracolumbar-junction-spine-fractures
#3
Bradford A Wall, Alan Moskowitz, M Camden Whitaker, Teresa L Jones, Ryan M Stuckey, Catherine L Carr-Maben, Alexander Cm Chong
Introduction: Few studies have evaluated the functional outcomes of traumatic thoracic and lumbar vertebral body fractures. This study evaluated the functional and clinical outcomes of patients, who sustained a fracture to the thoracolumbar area of the spine (T10 to L2 region), with ≥ 25° kyphosis versus those with less kyphotic curvature. Methods: The trauma registry records of two level 1 trauma centers using ICD-9 codes for fracture to the thoracolumbar juncture (T10 to L2 region) were reviewed...
May 2017: Kansas Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472174/peer-based-social-media-features-in-behavior-change-interventions-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Sheik Mohammad Roushdat Ally Elaheebocus, Mark Weal, Leanne Morrison, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: Incorporating social media features into digital behavior change interventions (DBCIs) has the potential to contribute positively to their success. However, the lack of clear design principles to describe and guide the use of these features in behavioral interventions limits cross-study comparisons of their uses and effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide a systematic review of DBCIs targeting modifiable behavioral risk factors that have included social media features as part of their intervention infrastructure...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471719/an-fmri-study-of-loneliness-in-younger-and-older-adults
#5
Alexandra E D'Agostino, David Kattan, Turhan Canli
Loneliness, the subjective experience of social isolation, may reflect, in part, underlying neural processing of social signals. Aging may exacerbate loneliness due to decreased social networks and increased social isolation, or it may reduce loneliness due to preferential attentional processing of positive information and increased interactions with emotionally close partners. Here, we conducted a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study of loneliness in younger (N = 50, 26 female, Mage = 20.4) and older (N = 49, 30 female, Mage = 62...
February 23, 2018: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471382/gendered-safety-and-health-risks-in-the-construction-trades
#6
Hannah M Curtis, Hendrika Meischke, Bert Stover, Nancy J Simcox, Noah S Seixas
Objectives: Despite women's increased representation in the overall workforce, construction remains a male-dominated industry. Prior studies have noted that the hazardous workplace environment combined with a culture that can be discriminatory and openly hostile can threaten women workers' health and safety. However, little information exists about the current physical and psychosocial hazards at work affecting tradeswomen. Methods: We examined differences in workplace exposure between women and men, and the association of these exposures with self-reported stress and work injury, in order to highlight how gendered conditions of work negatively affect tradeswomen's health...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471082/anhedonic-behavior-and-%C3%AE-amino-butyric-acid-during-a-sensitive-period-in-female-rats-exposed-to-early-adversity
#7
Jodi L Lukkes, Shirisha Meda, Kevin J Norman, Susan L Andersen
Early life adversity increases depressive behavior that emerges during adolescence. Sensitive periods have been associated with fewer GABAergic interneurons, especially parvalbumin (PV), brain derived growth factor, and its receptor, TrkB. Here, maternal separation (MS) and social isolation (ISO) were used to establish a sensitive period for anhedonic depression using the learned helplessness (LH) paradigm. Female Sprague-Dawley rat pups underwent MS for 4-h/day or received typical care (CON) between postnatal days 2-20; for the ISO condition, separate cohorts were individually housed between days 20-40 or served as controls (CON2)...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470115/older-adults-social-relationships-and-health-care-utilization-a-systematic-review
#8
Nicole K Valtorta, Danielle Collingridge Moore, Lynn Barron, Daniel Stow, Barbara Hanratty
BACKGROUND: Deficiencies in older people's social relationships (including loneliness, social isolation, and low social support) have been implicated as a cause of premature mortality and increased morbidity. Whether they affect service use is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether social relationships are associated with older adults' use of health services, independently of health-related needs. SEARCH METHODS: We searched 8 electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination) for data published between 1983 and 2016...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468772/the-personal-and-community-impact-of-a-scottish-men-s-shed
#9
Emma J Foster, Sarah-Anne Munoz, Stephen J Leslie
Social isolation and loneliness are known to be associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Therefore, reducing social isolation and loneliness may improve such outcomes. In relation to men's health, "Men's Sheds" have been shown as one mechanism to achieve this. Studies in Australia and England have shown social, health and personal benefits; however, this remains an area that has not yet been researched in Scotland. This study, therefore, aimed to assess the characteristics of attendees, self-reported motivations for and the values and benefits of attending the Shed from the views of the attendees themselves...
February 21, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468026/the-effect-of-isolation-fragmentation-and-population-bottlenecks-on-song-structure-of-a-hawaiian-honeycreeper
#10
Joshua M Pang-Ching, Kristina L Paxton, Eben H Paxton, Adam A Pack, Patrick J Hart
Little is known about how important social behaviors such as song vary within and among populations for any of the endemic Hawaiian honeycreepers. Habitat loss and non-native diseases (e.g., avian malaria) have resulted in isolation and fragmentation of Hawaiian honeycreepers within primarily high elevation forests. In this study, we examined how isolation of Hawai'i 'amakihi ( Chlorodrepanis virens ) populations within a fragmented landscape influences acoustic variability in song. In the last decade, small, isolated populations of disease tolerant 'amakihi have been found within low elevation forests, allowing us to record 'amakihi songs across a large elevational gradient (10-1800 m) that parallels disease susceptibility on Hawai'i island...
February 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467796/biochemical-characterization-of-a-phospholipase-a-2-homologue-from-the-venom-of-the-social-wasp-polybia-occidentalis
#11
Rafaela Diniz-Sousa, Anderson M Kayano, Cleópatra A Caldeira, Rodrigo Simões-Silva, Marta C Monteiro, Leandro S Moreira-Dill, Fernando P Grabner, Leonardo A Calderon, Juliana P Zuliani, Rodrigo G Stábeli, Andreimar M Soares
Background: Wasp venoms constitute a molecular reservoir of new pharmacological substances such as peptides and proteins, biological property holders, many of which are yet to be identified. Exploring these sources may lead to the discovery of molecules hitherto unknown. This study describes, for the first time in hymenopteran venoms, the identification of an enzymatically inactive phospholipase A2 (PLA2 ) from the venom of the social wasp Polybia occidentalis . Methods: P...
2018: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463708/environmental-enrichment-and-exercise-are-better-than-social-enrichment-to-reduce-memory-deficits-in-amyloid-beta-neurotoxicity
#12
Mariza G Prado Lima, Helen L Schimidt, Alexandre Garcia, Letícia R Daré, Felipe P Carpes, Ivan Izquierdo, Pâmela B Mello-Carpes
Recently, nongenetic animal models to study the onset and development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) have appeared, such as the intrahippocampal infusion of peptides present in Alzheimer amyloid plaques [i.e., amyloid-β (Aβ)]. Nonpharmacological approaches to AD treatment also have been advanced recently, which involve combinations of behavioral interventions whose specific effects are often difficult to determine. Here we isolate the neuroprotective effects of three of these interventions-environmental enrichment (EE), anaerobic physical exercise (AnPE), and social enrichment (SE)-on Aβ-induced oxidative stress and on impairments in learning and memory induced by Aβ...
February 20, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463487/users-uses-and-effects-of-social-media-in-dietetic-practice-scoping-review-of-the-quantitative-and-qualitative-evidence
#13
REVIEW
Audrée-Anne Dumas, Annie Lapointe, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Social media platforms are increasingly used by registered dietitians (RDs) to improve knowledge translation and exchange in nutrition. However, a thorough understanding of social media in dietetic practice is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to map and summarize the evidence about the users, uses, and effects of social media in dietetic practice to identify gaps in the literature and inform future research by using a scoping review methodology...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462832/-pulmonary-medicine-and-its-institutions-during-national-socialism
#14
R Loddenkemper, N Konietzko, V Seehausen
When the National Socialists came to power in 1933, a complete paradigm shift took place in the health policy under the principle "Public interest ahead of self-interest". In the early years there was an intense discussion about whether tuberculosis (TB) is more caused by heredity or by infection. Finally, the arguments of leading TB specialists were accepted that TB is predominantly an infectious disease. In 1939, the year Germany started World War II, TB mortality was at its lowest, with only a few countries having lower rates...
February 2018: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461933/identifying-priorities-for-aging-policies-in-two-portuguese-communities
#15
Maria João Bárrios, Ana Alexandre Fernandes, António Manuel Fonseca
The aging population has an impact on health, social and economic issues in regards to individuals, communities and organizations. The challenge for local policies in response to aging is to create sufficient resources to meet the population's needs, wishes and rights as people age. Active aging constitutes one of the guiding perspectives on policies. Taking into account the local governance perspective, the instrument MALPA was created in order to convert the active aging paradigm into a practical approach, as a technique to evaluate and analyze local aging policies...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460430/profiling-children-s-emotion-regulation-behaviours
#16
Angela Callear, Shane T Harvey, David Bimler, Nicholas Catto
Callear, Harvey, and Bimler (2016, International Journal of Behavioral Development, 41, 456) organized children's emotion regulation behaviours into a coherent structure. However, further investigation is needed to identify core patterns of these emotion regulation behaviours. To identify clusters and prototypal constellations of emotion regulation behaviours, the 85 behavioural items comprising the Children's Emotion Regulation Inventory (ChERI) were ranked by 151 parents in order of applicability, using an ordinal sorting procedure (Method of Successive Sorts)...
February 20, 2018: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457871/a-qtl-on-chromosome-1-modulates-inter-male-aggression-in-mice
#17
Anna Delprato, Brice Bonheur, Marie-Paule Algéo, Alba Murillo, Esha Dhawan, Lu Lu, Robert W Williams, Wim E Crusio
Aggression between male conspecifics is a complex social behavior that is likely modulated by multiple gene variants. In this study the BXD recombinant inbred mouse strains (RIS) were used to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) underlying behaviors associated with intermale aggression. Four hundred and fifty-seven males from 55 strains (including the parentals) were observed at an age of 13 +/- 1 week in a resident-intruder test following 10 days of isolation. Attack latency was measured directly within a 10 minute time period and the test was repeated 24 hours later...
February 19, 2018: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455302/patient-experiences-of-a-physiotherapy-led-multidisciplinary-rehabilitative-intervention-after-successful-treatment-for-oesophago-gastric-cancer
#18
A E Bennett, L O'Neill, D Connolly, E M Guinan, L Boland, S L Doyle, J O'Sullivan, J V Reynolds, J Hussey
PURPOSE: To qualitatively explore the perceived impact of a 12-week rehabilitative intervention for oesophago-gastric cancer survivors on their physical, mental and social wellbeing. METHODS: Of the 21 participants who completed the intervention, 19 took part in a semi-structured focus group interview. Four audio-taped focus groups were held, ranging in size from two to eight participants. Focus groups were transcribed and analysed using a descriptive qualitative approach...
February 18, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455160/children-and-adolescents-experiences-of-primary-lymphoedema-semistructured-interview-study
#19
Camilla S Hanson, Johanna Newsom, Davinder Singh-Grewal, Nicholas Henschke, Margaret Patterson, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Congenital lymphoedema is a lifelong condition that has detrimental physical and psychosocial outcomes for young patients and burdensome treatment responsibilities that may hamper patients' motivation for self-management. There is limited research from the perspective of young people with primary lymphoedema. We aimed to describe the experiences and views of children and adolescents with lymphoedema to inform patient-centred practice. METHODS: Twenty patients (aged 8-21 years) with primary lymphoedema were purposively sampled from two paediatric clinics in Sydney, Australia, to participate in a semistructured interview...
February 17, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454326/predictors-of-activity-and-participation-across-neurodegenerative-conditions-a-comparison-of-people-with-motor-neurone-disease-multiple-sclerosis-and-parkinson-s-disease
#20
David Morley, Sarah Dummett, Laura Kelly, Ray Fitzpatrick, Crispin Jenkinson
BACKGROUND: Comparisons between neurological conditions have the potential to inform service providers by identifying particular areas of difficulty experienced by affected individuals. This study aimed to identify predictors of activity and participation in people with motor neurone disease (MND), people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and people with Parkinson's Disease (PD). METHODS: The Oxford Participation and Activities Questionnaire (Ox-PAQ) and Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Survey (MOS SF-36) were administered by postal survey to 386 people with a confirmed diagnosis of MND, MS or PD...
February 17, 2018: BMC Neurology
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