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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932092/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-colon-cleansing-preparations-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
Sophie Restellini, Omar Kherad, Talat Bessissow, Charles Ménard, Myriam Martel, Maryam Taheri Tanjani, Peter L Lakatos, Alan N Barkun
AIM: To performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine any possible differences in terms of effectiveness, safety and tolerability between existing colon-cleansing products in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS: Systematic searches were performed (January 1980-September 2016) using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, CENTRAL and ISI Web of knowledge for randomized trials assessing preparations with or without adjuvants, given in split and non-split dosing, and in high (> 3 L) or low-volume (2 L or less) regimens...
August 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931915/non-tuberculous-mycobacteria-isolated-from-pulmonary-samples-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#2
Catherine Okoi, Suzanne T B Anderson, Martin Antonio, Sarah N Mulwa, Florian Gehre, Ifedayo M O Adetifa
Pulmonary non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) disease epidemiology in sub-Saharan Africa is not as well described as for pulmonary tuberculosis. Earlier reviews of global NTM epidemiology only included subject-level data from one sub-Saharan Africa country. We systematically reviewed the literature and searched PubMed, Embase, Popline, OVID and Africa Wide Information for articles on prevalence and clinical relevance of NTM detection in pulmonary samples in sub-Saharan Africa. We applied the American Thoracic Society/Infectious Disease Society of America criteria to differentiate between colonisation and disease...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922255/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-treatment-of-active-ulcerative-colitis
#3
Neeraj Narula, Zain Kassam, Yuhong Yuan, Jean-Frederic Colombel, Cyriel Ponsioen, Walter Reinisch, Paul Moayyedi
BACKGROUND: Changes in the colonic microbiota may play a role in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) and restoration of healthy gut microbiota may ameliorate disease. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) as a treatment for active UC. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify high-quality studies of FMT as a treatment for patients with UC. The primary outcome was combined clinical remission and endoscopic remission or response...
August 23, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906291/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-treatment-of-active-ulcerative-colitis
#4
Neeraj Narula, Zain Kassam, Yuhong Yuan, Jean-Frederic Colombel, Cyriel Ponsioen, Walter Reinisch, Paul Moayyedi
BACKGROUND: Changes in the colonic microbiota may play a role in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) and restoration of healthy gut microbiota may ameliorate disease. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) as a treatment for active UC. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify high-quality studies of FMT as a treatment for patients with UC. The primary outcome was combined clinical remission and endoscopic remission or response...
October 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894394/normative-values-for-colonic-transit-time-and-patient-assessment-of-constipation-in-adults-with-functional-constipation-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Larry E Miller, Alvin Ibarra, Arthur C Ouwehand
Availability of normative patient outcome data may assist in designing experiments and estimating sample sizes. The purpose of this review was to determine normative ranges for colonic transit time (CTT), Patient Assessment of Constipation-Symptoms (PAC-SYM), and Patient Assessment of Constipation-Quality of Life (PAC-QOL) in adults diagnosed with functional constipation per Rome III guidelines. Pooled estimates were derived from random-effects meta-analysis. Meta-regression was used to explore sources of heterogeneity among studies...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890179/maternal-colonization-or-infection-with-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Andre N H Bulabula, Angela Dramowski, Shaheen Mehtar
OBJECTIVES: To summarize published studies on the prevalence of and risk factors for maternal bacterial colonization and/or infection with extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) in pregnant and/or post-partum women in Africa. DESIGN OR METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar. Bibliographies of included eligible studies were manually searched to identify additional relevant articles. No language restriction was applied, for the timeframe, we searched from the electronic databases' inception to July 15th, 2017...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881882/long-term-functional-outcomes-after-replacement-of-the-esophagus-with-gastric-colonic-or-jejunal-conduits-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
T Irino, A Tsekrekos, A Coppola, C M Scandavini, A Shetye, L Lundell, I Rouvelas
It is generally recognized that in patients with an intact stomach diagnosed with esophageal cancer, gastric tubulization and pull-up shall always be the preferred technique for reconstruction after an esophageal resection. However, in cases with extensive gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer with aboral spread and after previous gastric surgery, alternative methods for reconstruction have to be pursued. Moreover, in benign cases as well as in those with early neoplastic lesions of the esophagus and the GEJ that are associated with long survival, it is basically unclear which conduit should be recommended...
December 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870890/thrombocytosis-portends-adverse-prognosis-in-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-5-619-patients-in-16-individual-studies
#8
REVIEW
Dongmin Gu, Arpad Szallasi
AIM: The current study aimed to determine the prognostic significance of thrombocytosis in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) by a meta-analysis of the literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The meta-analysis followed the 2009 guidelines of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. A systematic literature review was conducted from PubMed and Web of Science for articles published up to May 15, 2015. Sixteen studies with a total of 5,619 patients met the inclusion criteria...
September 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865668/management-of-colonoscopic-perforations-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Alexander T Hawkins, Kenneth W Sharp, Molly M Ford, Roberta L Muldoon, M Benjamin Hopkins, Timothy M Geiger
BACKGROUND: Perforation during colonoscopy is a rare but well recognized complication with significant morbidity and mortality. We aim to systematically review the currently available literature concerning care and outcomes of colonic perforation. An algorithm is created to guide the practitioner in management of this challenging clinical scenario. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of the literature based on PRISMA-P guidelines was performed. We evaluate 31 articles focusing on findings over the past 10 years...
August 26, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859703/sinus-bacteriology-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-or-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-a-systematic-review
#10
Maria E Møller, Mikkel C Alanin, Christian Grønhøj, Kasper Aanæs, Niels Høiby, Christian von Buchwald
BACKGROUND: A correlation exists between the microbial flora of the upper and lower airways in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) or with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). The sinuses can function as a bacterial reservoir where gram-negative bacteria adapt to the airways and repeatedly are aspirated to and colonize the lungs according to the theory of the united (unified) airways. Whereas the pattern of bacterial flora in the lower airways has been extensively studied, the upper airways have drawn limited attention...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852322/acute-colonic-pseudo-obstruction-a-systematic-review-of-aetiology-and-mechanisms
#11
Cameron I Wells, Gregory O'Grady, Ian P Bissett
AIM: To critically review the literature addressing the definition, epidemiology, aetiology and pathophysiology of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO). METHODS: A systematic search was performed to identify articles investigating the aetiology and pathophysiology of ACPO. A narrative synthesis of the evidence was undertaken. RESULTS: No consistent approach to the definition or reporting of ACPO has been developed, which has led to overlapping investigation with other conditions...
August 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843587/effectiveness-of-endoscopic-treatments-for-colonic-diverticular-bleeding
#12
REVIEW
Naoki Ishii, Fumio Omata, Naoyoshi Nagata, Mitsuru Kasise
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several endoscopic modalities have been used for the treatment of colonic diverticular bleeding (CDB). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of endoscopic treatment for CDB. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of English literature. Main outcomes were initial hemostasis, early recurrent bleeding (recurrent bleeding within 30 days after endoscopic treatment), and need for transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) or surgery...
August 23, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842058/distribution-of-colorectal-polyps-implications-for-screening
#13
REVIEW
Carlo Senore, Cristina Bellisario, Nereo Segnan
BACKGROUND: During the last decades data from different studies reported modifications of the topographic distribution of colorectal cancers (CRCs), with an increased frequency of tumours in proximal colonic segments. Given the documented link between adenomas and CRC, a proximal migration of adenomas over time could be expected as well. AIM: To evaluate available evidence about the prevalence of adenomas and of sessile serrated polyps across colonic segments, the changing trends in their distribution across the colon and the diagnostic performance of screening tests currently adopted in population based screening programs for lesions located in different colonic segments...
August 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838787/surgical-interventions-and-the-use-of-device-aided-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-fecal-incontinence-and-defecatory-disorders
#14
Adil E Bharucha, Satish S C Rao, Andrea Shin
DESCRIPTION: The purpose of this clinical practice update expert review is to describe the key principles in the use of surgical interventions and device-aided therapy for managing fecal incontinence (FI) and defecatory disorders. METHODS: The best practices outlined in this review are based on relevant publications, including systematic reviews and expert opinion (when applicable). BEST PRACTICE ADVICE 1: A stepwise approach should be followed for management of FI...
August 21, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832603/social-media-and-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-available-resources
#15
Gianluca Pellino, Constantinos Simillis, Shengyang Qiu, Shahnawaz Rasheed, Sarah Mills, Oliver Warren, Christos Kontovounisios, Paris P Tekkis
AIM: Social media (SM) can provide information and medical knowledge to patients. Our aim was to review the literature and web-based content on SM that is used by Colorectal Cancer (CRC) patients, as well as surgeons' interaction with SM. METHOD: Studies published between 2006 and 2016 were assessed. We also assessed the impact of several hashtags on Twitter with a freeware (Symplur). RESULTS: Nine studies were included assessing Twitter (78%), Forums/Cancer-survivor networks (33%), and Facebook (22%)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796653/surgical-treatment-of-colon-cancer-of-the-splenic-flexure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Aleix Martínez-Pérez, Francesco Brunetti, Giulio C Vitali, Solafah Abdalla, Frédéric Ris, Nicola de'Angelis
This is a systematic review and meta-analysis on the surgical treatments of splenic flexure carcinomas (SFCs). Medline, EMBASE, and Scopus were searched from January 1990 to May 2016. Studies of at least 5 patients comparing extended right colectomy (ERC) versus left colectomy (LC) and/or laparoscopy versus open surgery for SFCs were retrieved and analyzed. Overall, 12 retrospective studies were selected, including 569 patients. ERC was performed in 23.2% of patients, whereas LC in 76.8%. Pooled data suggested that ERC and LC had similar oncologic quality of resection and postoperative outcomes...
August 7, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793992/short-chain-fatty-acids-prebiotics-synbiotics-and-systemic-inflammation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Rebecca F McLoughlin, Bronwyn S Berthon, Megan E Jensen, Katherine J Baines, Lisa G Wood
Background: Prebiotic soluble fibers are fermented by beneficial bacteria in the colon to produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), which are proposed to have systemic anti-inflammatory effects.Objective: This review examines the effect of SCFAs, prebiotics, and pre- and probiotic combinations (synbiotics) on systemic inflammation.Design: Relevant English language studies from 1947 to May 2017 were identified with the use of online databases. Studies were considered eligible if they examined the effects of SCFAs, prebiotics, or synbiotics; were delivered orally, intravenously, or per rectum; were on biomarkers of systemic inflammation in humans; and performed meta-analysis where possible...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791043/systematic-review-outcomes-by-duration-of-npo-status-prior-to-colonoscopy
#18
REVIEW
Aasma Shaukat, Ashish Malhotra, Nancy Greer, Roderick MacDonald, Joseph Wels, Timothy J Wilt
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Variation exists among anesthesia providers as to acceptable timing of NPO ("nothing by mouth") for elective colonoscopy procedures. There is a need to balance optimal colonic preparation, patient convenience, and scheduling efficiency with anesthesia safety concerns. We reviewed the evidence for the relationship between NPO timing and aspiration incidence and colonoscopy rescheduling. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE (1990-April 2015) for English language studies of any design and included them if at least one bowel preparation regimen was completed within 8 hours of colonoscopy...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782707/esbl-producing-enterobacteriaceae-colonization-in-long-term-care-facilities-ltcfs-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Myrto Eleni Flokas, Michail Alevizakos, Fadi Shehadeh, Nikolaos Andreatos, Eleftherios Mylonakis
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the colonization rate by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) among residents of Long Term Care facilities (LTCFs) and to identify pertinent risk factors. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed and EMBASE databases for studies published up to May, 2016 that provided raw data for gastrointestinal colonization by ESBL-PE among LTCF residents. RESULTS: Twenty three studies reporting data on 9,775 screened subjects met our inclusion criteria...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767617/prevalence-of-group-b-streptococcus-in-pregnant-women-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Mohammad Emaneini, Fereshteh Jabalameli, Willem B van Leeuwen, Reza Beigverdi
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS or S. agalactiae) is a major cause of severe disease in neonates. In perinatal infections or early-onset disease (EOD), GBS is transmitted vertically to the newborn from the birth canal during labor and delivery. Limited information is available on the prevalence of GBS recto-vaginal colonization among pregnant women in Iran. METHODS: We performed a systematic search by using different electronic databases including: Medline (via Pubmed), Embase, Web of Science, and Iranian Database...
July 27, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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