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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924428/good-feasibility-of-the-new-german-blood-donor-questionnaire
#1
Claudia Houareau, Robert Deitenbeck, Ariane Sümnig, Anette Moeller, Christiane Saadé, Frank Stötzer, Margarethe Heiden, Hinnak Northoff, Ruth Offergeld
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effect of the uniform donor questionnaire (UDQ) on deferral rates in first-time and repeat donors. We focused on the introduced question about unprotected sexual contact with a new partner. Another goal was a stratified comparison of the deferral rates of the donor questionnaire (DQ) and UDQ. METHODS: Data on donors and deferrals using the DQ and UDQ were collected at four blood establishments. The comparison included a 2-year period by questionnaire version...
August 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915514/developmental-stuttering-in-children-who-are-hard-of-hearing
#2
Richard M Arenas, Elizabeth A Walker, Jacob J Oleson
Purpose: A number of studies with large sample sizes have reported lower prevalence of stuttering in children with significant hearing loss compared to children without hearing loss. This study used a parent questionnaire to investigate the characteristics of stuttering (e.g., incidence, prevalence, and age of onset) in children who are hard of hearing (CHH). Method: Three hundred three parents of CHH who participated in the Outcomes of Children With Hearing Loss study (Moeller & Tomblin, 2015) were sent questionnaires asking about their child's history of stuttering...
September 15, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894439/phenotypic-changes-exhibited-by-e-coli-cultured-in-space
#3
Luis Zea, Michael Larsen, Frederico Estante, Klaus Qvortrup, Ralf Moeller, Sílvia Dias de Oliveira, Louis Stodieck, David Klaus
Bacteria will accompany humans in our exploration of space, making it of importance to study their adaptation to the microgravity environment. To investigate potential phenotypic changes for bacteria grown in space, Escherichia coli was cultured onboard the International Space Station with matched controls on Earth. Samples were challenged with different concentrations of gentamicin sulfate to study the role of drug concentration on the dependent variables in the space environment. Analyses included assessments of final cell count, cell size, cell envelope thickness, cell ultrastructure, and culture morphology...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892694/effect-of-particle-size-reduction-and-ensiling-fermentation-on-biogas-formation-and-silage-quality-of-wheat-straw
#4
Daniela Gallegos, Harald Wedwitschka, Lucie Moeller, Andreas Zehnsdorf, Walter Stinner
The effect of ensiling fermentation and mechanical pretreatment on the methane yield of lignocellulosic biomass was investigated in order to determine the optimum pretreatment conditions for biogas production. Wheat straw was treated using the following techniques: mechanical disintegration by chopping and extruder-grinding to particle sizes of 2.0 and 0.2cm, respectively, and ensiling by 30% and 45% total solids with addition of enzymatic, chemical and biological silage additives individually and in combination...
August 24, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886907/final-efficacy-immunogenicity-and-safety-analyses-of-a-nine-valent-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-in-women-aged-16-26-years-a-randomised-double-blind-trial
#5
Warner K Huh, Elmar A Joura, Anna R Giuliano, Ole-Erik Iversen, Rosires Pereira de Andrade, Kevin A Ault, Deborah Bartholomew, Ramon M Cestero, Edison N Fedrizzi, Angelica L Hirschberg, Marie-Hélène Mayrand, Angela Maria Ruiz-Sternberg, Jack T Stapleton, Dorothy J Wiley, Alex Ferenczy, Robert Kurman, Brigitte M Ronnett, Mark H Stoler, Jack Cuzick, Suzanne M Garland, Susanne K Kjaer, Oliver M Bautista, Richard Haupt, Erin Moeller, Michael Ritter, Christine C Roberts, Christine Shields, Alain Luxembourg
BACKGROUND: Primary analyses of a study in young women aged 16-26 years showed efficacy of the nine-valent human papillomavirus (9vHPV; HPV 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58) vaccine against infections and disease related to HPV 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58, and non-inferior HPV 6, 11, 16, and 18 antibody responses when compared with quadrivalent HPV (qHPV; HPV 6, 11, 16, and 18) vaccine. We aimed to report efficacy of the 9vHPV vaccine for up to 6 years following first administration and antibody responses over 5 years...
September 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878716/cognitive-mechanisms-underlying-directional-and-non-directional-spatial-numerical-associations-across-the-lifespan
#6
Manuel Ninaus, Korbinian Moeller, Liane Kaufmann, Martin H Fischer, Hans-Christoph Nuerk, Guilherme Wood
There is accumulating evidence suggesting an association of numbers with physical space. However, the origin of such spatial-numerical associations (SNAs) is still debated. In the present study we investigated the development of two SNAs in a cross-sectional study involving children, young and middle-aged adults as well as the elderly: (1) the SNARC (spatial-numerical association of response codes) effect, reflecting a directional SNA; and (2) the numerical bisection bias in a line bisection task with numerical flankers...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876521/passionate-experiences-in-adolescence-situational-variability-and-long-term-stability
#7
Julia Moeller, Julia Dietrich, Jacquelynne S Eccles, Barbara Schneider
This study investigates adolescents' situational passionate experiences, defined as states of strong commitment and intense affect. We examine the extent to which experiencing passion was specific to situations versus individual differences, and explore which activities are likely to elicit adolescents' passion. Using longitudinal experience sampling method (ESM) data from a representative sample of 996 adolescents (54.6% females) in three cohorts (6th, 8th, and 10th grade at baseline), we examine whether adolescents' frequency of passionate experiences remained stable across 2 years...
June 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872745/neural-mechanisms-of-extinguishing-drug-and-pleasant-cue-associations-in-human-addiction-role-of-the-vmpfc
#8
Anna B Konova, Muhammad A Parvaz, Vladimir Bernstein, Anna Zilverstand, Scott J Moeller, Mauricio R Delgado, Nelly Alia-Klein, Rita Z Goldstein
The neurobiological mechanisms that underlie the resistance of drug cue associations to extinction in addiction remain unknown. Fear extinction critically depends on the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC). Here, we tested if this same region plays a role in extinction of non-fear, drug and pleasant cue associations. Eighteen chronic cocaine users and 15 matched controls completed three functional MRI scans. Participants first learned to associate an abstract cue (the conditioned stimulus, CS) with a drug-related (CSD+ ) or pleasant (CSP+ ) image...
September 5, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871997/single-fraction-stereotactic-radiosurgery-srs-alone-versus-surgical-resection-and-srs-for-large-brain-metastases-a-multi-institutional-analysis
#9
Roshan S Prabhu, Robert H Press, Kirtesh R Patel, Danielle M Boselli, James T Symanowski, Scott P Lankford, Robert J McCammon, Benjamin J Moeller, John H Heinzerling, Carolina E Fasola, Anthony L Asher, Ashley L Sumrall, Zachary S Buchwald, Walter J Curran, Hui-Kuo G Shu, Ian Crocker, Stuart H Burri
PURPOSE: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) dose is limited by brain metastasis (BM) size. The study goal was to retrospectively determine whether there is a benefit for intracranial outcomes and overall survival (OS) for gross total resection with single-fraction SRS versus SRS alone for patients with large BMs. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A large BM was defined as ≥4 cm(3) (2 cm in diameter) prior to the study. We reviewed the records of consecutive patients treated with single-fraction SRS alone or surgery with preoperative or postoperative SRS between 2005 and 2013 from 2 institutions...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869965/the-neuropeptide-neuromedin-u-stimulates-innate-lymphoid-cells-and-type-2-inflammation
#10
Christoph S N Klose, Tanel Mahlakõiv, Jesper B Moeller, Lucille C Rankin, Anne-Laure Flamar, Hiroki Kabata, Laurel A Monticelli, Saya Moriyama, Gregory Garbès Putzel, Nikolai Rakhilin, Xiling Shen, Evi Kostenis, Gabriele M König, Takashi Senda, Dustin Carpenter, Donna L Farber, David Artis
The type 2 cytokines interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-9 and IL-13 have important roles in stimulating innate and adaptive immune responses that are required for resistance to helminth infection, promotion of allergic inflammation, metabolic homeostasis and tissue repair. Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) produce type 2 cytokines, and although advances have been made in understanding the cytokine milieu that promotes ILC2 responses, how ILC2 responses are regulated by other stimuli remains poorly understood...
September 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858480/anodic-cyclization-reactions-and-the-mechanistic-strategies-that-enable-optimization
#11
Ruozhu Feng, Jake A Smith, Kevin D Moeller
Oxidation reactions are powerful tools for synthesis because they allow us to reverse the polarity of electron-rich functional groups, generate highly reactive intermediates, and increase the functionality of molecules. For this reason, oxidation reactions have been and continue to be the subject of intense study. Central to these efforts is the development of mechanism-based strategies that allow us to think about the reactive intermediates that are frequently central to the success of the reactions and the mechanistic pathways that those intermediates trigger...
August 31, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857695/movement-patterns-of-exhibition-swine-and-associations-of-influenza-a-virus-infection-with-swine-management-practices
#12
Nola Bliss, Jason W Stull, Steven J Moeller, Päivi J Rajala-Schultz, Andrew S Bowman
OBJECTIVE To identify the geographic distribution of exhibition swine in the Midwestern United States, characterize management practices used for exhibition swine, and identify associations between those practices and influenza A virus (IAV) detection in exhibition swine arriving at county or state agricultural fairs. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE 480 swine exhibitors and 641 exhibition swine. PROCEDURES Inventories of swine exhibited at fairs in 6 selected Midwestern states during 2013 and of the total swine population (including commercial swine) in these regions in 2012 were obtained and mapped...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852848/set-size-influences-the-relationship-between-ans-acuity-and-math-performance-a-result-of-different-strategies
#13
Julia Felicitas Dietrich, Hans-Christoph Nuerk, Elise Klein, Korbinian Moeller, Stefan Huber
Previous research has proposed that the approximate number system (ANS) constitutes a building block for later mathematical abilities. Therefore, numerous studies investigated the relationship between ANS acuity and mathematical performance, but results are inconsistent. Properties of the experimental design have been discussed as a potential explanation of these inconsistencies. In the present study, we investigated the influence of set size and presentation duration on the association between non-symbolic magnitude comparison and math performance...
August 29, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852316/serous-pancreatic-neoplasia-data-and-review
#14
Christoph F Dietrich, Yi Dong, Christian Jenssen, Valentina Ciaravino, Michael Hocke, Wen-Ping Wang, Eike Burmester, Kathleen Moeller, Nathan Ss Atkinson, Paola Capelli, Mirko D'Onofrio
AIM: To describe the imaging features of serous neoplasms of the pancreas using ultrasound, endoscopic ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: This multicenter international collaboration enhances a literature review to date, reporting features of 287 histologically confirmed cases of serous pancreatic cystic neoplasms (SPNs). RESULTS: Female predominance is seen with most SPNs presenting asymptomatically in the 5(th) through 7(th) decade...
August 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842172/micropipette-aspiration-of-the-pacinian-corpuscle
#15
Julia C Quindlen, Ellen T Bloom, Laura E Ortega, Amy T Moeller, Victor H Barocas
The Pacinian corpuscle (PC) is a cutaneous mechanoreceptor sensitive to high-frequency vibrations (20-1000Hz). The PC is of importance due to its integral role in somatosensation and the critical need to understand PC function for haptic feedback system development. Previous theoretical and computational studies have modeled the physiological response of the PC to sustained or vibrating mechanical stimuli, but they have used estimates of the receptor's mechanical properties, which remain largely unmeasured...
August 20, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836229/how-the-mind-shapes-action-offline-contexts-modulate-involuntary-episodic-retrieval
#16
Christian Frings, Iring Koch, Birte Moeller
Involuntary retrieval of previous stimulus-response episodes is a centerpiece of many theories of priming, episodic binding, and action control. Typically it is assumed that by repeating a stimulus from trial n-1 to trial n, involuntary retrieval is triggered in a nearly automatic fashion, facilitating (or interfering with) the to-be-executed action. Here we argue that changes in the offline context weaken the involuntary retrieval of previous episodes (the offline context is defined to be the information presented before or after the focal stimulus)...
August 23, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827499/intrarater-reliability-of-muscle-strength-and-hamstring-to-quadriceps-strength-imbalance-ratios-during-concentric-isometric-and-eccentric-maximal-voluntary-contractions-using-the-isoforce-dynamometer
#17
Anett Mau-Moeller, Martin Gube, Sabine Felser, Frank Feldhege, Matthias Weippert, Florian Husmann, Thomas Tischer, Rainer Bader, Sven Bruhn, Martin Behrens
OBJECTIVE: To determine intrasession and intersession reliability of strength measurements and hamstrings to quadriceps strength imbalance ratios (H/Q ratios) using the new isoforce dynamometer. DESIGN: Repeated measures. SETTING: Exercise science laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty healthy subjects (15 females, 15 males, 27.8 years). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Coefficient of variation (CV) and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were calculated for (1) strength parameters, that is peak torque, mean work, and mean power for concentric and eccentric maximal voluntary contractions; isometric maximal voluntary torque (IMVT); rate of torque development (RTD), and (2) H/Q ratios, that is conventional concentric, eccentric, and isometric H/Q ratios (Hcon/Qcon at 60 deg/s, 120 deg/s, and 180 deg/s, Hecc/Qecc at -60 deg/s and Hiso/Qiso) and functional eccentric antagonist to concentric agonist H/Q ratios (Hecc/Qcon and Hcon/Qecc)...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827148/hidden-twins-sorcs-neuroreceptors-form-stable-dimers
#18
Dovile Januliene, Arulmani Manavalan, Peter Lund Ovesen, Karen-Marie Pedersen, Søren Thirup, Anders Nykjær, Arne Moeller
SorCS1, SorCS2 and SorCS3 belong to the Vps10p-domain family of multiligand receptors. Genetic and functional studies have linked SorCS receptors to psychiatric disorders, Alzheimer's disease and type-2 diabetes, demonstrating critical roles in neuronal functionality and metabolic control. Surprisingly, their structural composition has so far not been studied. Here we have characterized SorCS1, SorCS2 and SorCS3 using biochemical methods and electron microscopy. We found that their purified extracellular domains co-exist in stable dimeric and monomeric populations...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802178/cardiac-arrest-due-to-ventricular-fibrillation-in-a-23-year-old-woman-with-broken-heart-syndrome
#19
Marco Giuseppe Del Buono, Michael P O'Quinn, Paulo Garcia, Enrique Gerszten, Charlotte Roberts, F Gerald Moeller, Antonio Abbate
Broken heart syndrome, also known as takotsubo cardiomyopathy, is a syndrome characterized by a transient regional systolic dysfunction of the left ventricle associated to a psychological stress. We herein describe a case of a 23-year-old female habitual marijuana user who was resuscitated after cardiac arrest and then diagnosed with midventricular stress cardiomyopathy complicated by subendocardial hemorrhage. We discuss this unique pathological finding, the incidence of arrhythmias in this syndrome, and the possible relation with chronic cannabis and tobacco use...
September 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796599/reversing-adp-ribosylation
#20
Giuliana Katharina Moeller, Gyula Timinszky
The modification of serines by molecules of ADP-ribose plays an important role in signaling that the DNA in a cell has been damaged and needs to be repaired.
August 10, 2017: ELife
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