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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785710/insomnia-in-community-living-persons-with-advanced-age
#1
Brienne Miner, Thomas M Gill, H Klar Yaggi, Nancy S Redeker, Peter H Van Ness, Ling Han, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiology of insomnia, including demographic and clinical correlates, in older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Yale Precipitating Events Project participants (N=379; mean age 84.3; 67.8% female; 11.9% African American). MEASUREMENTS: Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), with scores of 8 and higher indicating insomnia, which was further stratified according to ISI score as mild (8-14), moderate (15-21), or severe (22-28)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785412/horizontal-lateral-lamella-as-a-risk-factor-for-iatrogenic-cerebrospinal-fluid-leak-clinical-retrospective-evaluation-of-24-cases
#2
A Preti, F Mozzanica, R Gera, S Gallo, J Zocchi, F Bandi, G Guidugli, F Ambrogi, A Yakirevitch, A Schindler, A Dragonetti, P Castelnuovo, F Ottaviani
BACKGROUND: Several authors highlighted the limitations of the Keros classification system in predicting intracranial entry risk. Recently, our group proposed a new classification system based on the angle formed between the lateral lamella of the cribriform plate (LLCP) and the continuation of an horizontal plane passing through the cribriform plate (Gera classification). The aim of this study was to analyze whether the risk of iatrogenic cerebrospinal fluid leak (CSF-L) was better predicted by Keros or Gera classification...
May 22, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783161/candidate-gene-analysis-in-the-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-epidemiologic-sleep-study-episono-shows-an-association-of-variant-in-pde4d-and-sleepiness
#3
Victoria M Pak, Diego R Mazzotti, Brendan T Keenan, Camila Hirotsu, Philip Gehrman, Lia Bittencourt, Allan I Pack, Sergio Tufik
INTRODUCTION: Sleepiness and cardiovascular disease share common molecular pathways; thus, genetic risk factors for sleepiness may also predict cardiovascular disease risk. This study explored the associations between subjective sleepiness and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes within oxidative stress, inflammatory, and neuronal pathways, which may contribute to sleepiness and downstream cardiovascular disease risk: Cytochrome B-245, Alpha Polypeptide (CYBA), Cytochrome B-245, Beta Polypeptide (CYBB), Neutrophil Cytosolic Factor (NCF2), Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha (TNFA), and Phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D)...
January 12, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777431/modified-anterior-palatoplasty-and-double-suspension-sutures-with-or-without-tonsillectomy-in-selected-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-preliminary-report
#4
Sherif M Askar, Mohammad W El-Anwar, Ali Awad
BACKGROUND: Retropalatal region might be considered the most common site of obstruction in patients with snoring and OSA. We aimed at presentation of two combined techniques: modified anterior palatoplasty (MAP) and bilateral double suspension suture (DSS). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted on OSA patients with retro-palatal collapse only that was confirmed by nasoendoscopy during Muller's maneuver and drug induced sleep endoscopy. MAP and DSS were performed for all patients...
May 18, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777294/impact-of-residual-frontal-recess-cells-on-frontal-sinusitis-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#5
Tsuguhisa Nakayama, Daiya Asaka, Akihito Kuboki, Tetsushi Okushi, Hiromi Kojima
PURPOSE: Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is a well-established treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). However, ESS for frontal sinusitis remains complicated and challenging. The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between residual frontal recess cells and primary ESS failure in the frontal sinus. METHODS: We prospectively collected information on 214 sides of 129 patients with CRS who underwent standard ESS from June 2010 to May 2011. To identify risk factors, we retrospectively analyzed clinical data and computed tomography (CT) images before and 3 months after surgery...
May 18, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774300/epidemiology-of-intestinal-parasite-infections-in-three-departments-of-south-central-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-before-the-implementation-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#6
Gaoussou Coulibaly, Mamadou Ouattara, Kouassi Dongo, Eveline Hürlimann, Fidèle K Bassa, Naférima Koné, Clémence Essé, Richard B Yapi, Bassirou Bonfoh, Jürg Utzinger, Giovanna Raso, Eliézer K N'Goran
Hundreds of millions of people are infected with helminths and intestinal protozoa, particularly children in low- and middle-income countries. Preventive chemotherapy is the main strategy to control helminthiases. However, rapid re-infection occurs in settings where there is a lack of clean water, sanitation and hygiene. In August and September 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological survey in 56 communities of three departments of south-central Côte d'Ivoire. Study participants were invited to provide stool and urine samples...
May 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772650/highly-stable-li%C3%A2-ti%C3%A2-o-12-anodes-obtained-by-atomic-layer-deposited-al%C3%A2-o%C3%A2
#7
Jae Kook Yoon, Seunghoon Nam, Hyung Cheoul Shim, Kunwoo Park, Taeho Yoon, Hyung Sang Park, Seungmin Hyun
LTO (Li₄Ti₅O12 ) has been highlighted as anode material for next-generation lithium ion secondary batteries due to advantages such as a high rate capability, excellent cyclic performance, and safety. However, the generation of gases from undesired reactions between the electrode surface and the electrolyte has restricted the application of LTO as a negative electrode in Li-ion batteries in electric vehicles (EVs) and energy storage systems (ESS). As the generation of gases from LTO tends to be accelerated at high temperatures (40⁻60 °C), the thermal stability of LTO should be maintained during battery discharge, especially in EVs...
May 16, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771034/-a-preliminary-clinical-classification-study-in-rem-related-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#8
K L Jiang, L Zhao, S N Li, Z Q Lin, Y M Ma, M A Iqbal, W Qian
Objective: The aim of this study is to introduce a method in classifying the REM related OSA (RrOSA) and the potential clinical significance. Method: Two hundred and fifty patients (male: 219) with OSAS diagnosed by polysomnographywere recruited in the study. The RrOSAS was defined as the ratio of AHIs in REM and non REM sleep (R) greater than one. In RrOSAS group, patients were divided into RrOSAS Ⅰa (R>2, NREM_AHI<15), RrOSAS Ⅰb (R>2, NREM_AHI>15), and RrOSAS II (2>R>1) three subtypes...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770161/numerical-investigation-on-head-and-brain-injuries-caused-by-windshield-impact-on-riders-using-electric-self-balancing-scooters
#9
Shi Shang, Yanting Zheng, Ming Shen, Xianfeng Yang, Jun Xu
To investigate head-brain injuries caused by windshield impact on riders using electric self-balancing scooters (ESS). Numerical vehicle ESS crash scenarios are constructed by combining the finite element (FE) vehicle model and multibody scooter/rider models. Impact kinematic postures of the head-windshield contact under various impact conditions are captured. Then, the processes during head-windshield contact are reconstructed using validated FE head/laminated windshield models to assess the severity of brain injury caused by the head-windshield contact...
2018: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769049/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-lung-cancer
#10
Michael Dreher, Stefan Krüger, Susanne Schulze-Olden, András Keszei, Jan Hendrik Storre, Holger Woehrle, Michael Arzt, Tobias Müller
BACKGROUND: There are currently no data on the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in patients with newly-diagnosed lung cancer. This might be of interest given that SDB is associated with increased cancer incidence and mortality. Furthermore, intermittent hypoxia has been linked with tumor growth and progression. The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence of SDB in patients with newly-diagnosed lung cancer. METHODS: Patients with newly-diagnosed lung cancer from three centers in Germany were screened for SDB using a two-channel screening system (ApneaLink™)...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758433/on-the-spatial-relationship-between-ecosystem-services-and-urbanization-a-case-study-in-wuhan-china
#11
Yan Zhang, Yanfang Liu, Yang Zhang, Yi Liu, Guangxia Zhang, Yiyun Chen
A clear understanding of the relationship between ecosystem services (ESs) and urbanization provides new insight into urban landscape planning and decision making. Although a considerable amount of literature has focused on this topic, few studies address the spatial interactions between ESs and urbanization, especially at the local scale. Various models and multisource data were integrated to estimate ESs and urbanization in Wuhan City, China. The bivariate Moran's I methods were employed to test and visualize the spatial correlations between ESs and urbanization...
May 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757559/-ct-observation-of-retromaxillary-posterior-ethmoid
#12
Jin Feng Liu, Qi Tong Liu, Jin Yu Liu, Zhan Feng Yan, Ning Yu Wang
Objective: To investigate the morphologic characteristics of the retromaxillary posterior ethmoid. Method: A total of 103 outpatients encountered in our hospital during March 2012 and December 2012,who completed paranasal sinus CT examination,were included in this study.Patients had no sinus trauma,surgery or tumor history.Their paranasal sinus CT scans were analyzed from scheduled axial and coronal plane.The incidence and imaging features of the retromaxillary posterior ethmoid were observed. Result: The retromaxillary posterior ethmoid(RMPE)was the posterior ethmoid cell that expanded along the lamina papyracea toward the infraorbital region...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757197/pharmacological-treatment-for-long-term-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-its-effects-on-sleep-in-daily-clinical-practice-a-pilot-study
#13
Peggy Bosch, Sabina Lim, Heike Staudte, Sujung Yeo, Sook-Hyun Lee, Pia Barisch, Benoît Perriard, Maurits Van den Noort
Background: Pharmacological treatment is still the key intervention in the disease management of long-term patients with schizophrenia; however, how it affects sleep and whether gender differences exist remains unclear. Methods: Forty-six long-term outpatients with schizophrenia entered the study. The numbers of antipsychotics, sleep medications, antidepressants, and anxiolytics were analyzed. Moreover, all patients were tested using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
May 12, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756614/transoral-glossoepiglottopexy-in-the-treatment-of-adult-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-surgical-approach
#14
V Roustan, M Barbieri, F Incandela, F Missale, H Camera, F Braido, R Mora, G Peretti
The treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is still a matter of debate; among the different therapeutic alternatives, both surgical and conservative, treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is considered the "gold standard". The recent scientific literature reports that even if CPAP represents an effective solution for sleep apnoeas, 12% of patients do not benefit from its use. In most cases, primary collapse of the epiglottis is responsible for failure. We developed a surgical technique that provides a stable support to the epiglottis without influencing its function during swallowing while preserving laryngeal anatomy and physiology...
February 2018: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756211/appropriateness-criteria-predict-outcomes-for-sinus-surgery-and-may-aid-in-future-patient-selection
#15
Daniel M Beswick, Jess C Mace, Zachary M Soler, Noel F Ayoub, Luke Rudmik, Adam S DeConde, Timothy L Smith
OBJECTIVES: Appropriateness criteria to determine surgical candidacy for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) have recently been described. This study stratified patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) according to these new appropriateness criteria and evaluated postoperative improvements among appropriateness categories. METHODS: Adult patients with uncomplicated CRS electing ESS were prospectively enrolled in a multi-institutional cohort study between March 2011 and June 2015 to assess outcomes...
May 14, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755810/evaluation-of-traffic-accident-risk-in-in-city-bus-drivers-the-use-of-berlin-questionnaire
#16
Mehmet Sezai Taşbakan, Pervin Korkmaz Ekren, Funda Elmas Uysal, Özen K Başoğlu
OBJECTIVES: Traffic accidents associated with high mortality rate may produce serious problems especially in highways. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated with a high risk for traffic accidents due to excessive daytime sleepiness even in in-city drivers. In the present study, it was aimed to evaluate the rate of OSA symptoms and to identify risk factors associated with traffic accidents in in-city bus drivers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire including demographic and anthropometric features, sleep and work schedules, Berlin questionnaire, Epworth sleepiness score (ESS), and history of traffic accidents was used...
April 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751506/neurocognitive-disorders-and-dehydration-in-older-patients-clinical-experience-supports-the-hydromolecular-hypothesis-of-dementia
#17
Michele Lauriola, Antonio Mangiacotti, Grazia D'Onofrio, Leandro Cascavilla, Francesco Paris, Giulia Paroni, Davide Seripa, Antonio Greco, Daniele Sancarlo
Abnormalities of water homeostasis can be early expressions of neuronal dysfunction, brain atrophy, chronic cerebrovasculopathy and neurodegenerative disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the serum osmolality of subjects with cognitive impairment. One thousand and ninety-one consecutive patients attending the Alzheimer&rsquo;s Evaluation Unit were evaluated with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), 21-Item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-21), Activities of Daily Living (ADL), Instrumental-ADL (IADL), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Exton-Smith Scale (ESS), and Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS)...
May 3, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749998/morphological-and-immunohistochemical-diversity-of-endometrial-stromal-sarcoma-in-rats
#18
Shino Kumabe, Junko Sato, Yuki Tomonari, Miwa Takahashi, Kaoru Inoue, Midori Yoshida, Takuya Doi, Yumi Wako, Minoru Tsuchitani
To clarify the histopathological characteristics of rat endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS), we morphologically reviewed 12 malignant uterine tumors protruding into the lumen in previous rat carcinogenicity studies. The 12 cases were classified into the following 6 types based on their morphological features: spindle cell and collagen rich type, pleomorphic/spindle cell and compact type, decidual alteration type, histiocytic and multinucleated giant cell mixture type, Antoni A-type schwannoma type, and Antoni B-type schwannoma type...
April 2018: Journal of Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747829/local-low-shear-stress-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-patients-with-nonobstructive-coronary-atherosclerosis
#19
Gerasimos Siasos, Jaskanwal D Sara, Marina Zaromytidou, Kyoung H Park, Ahmet Umit Coskun, Lilach O Lerman, Evangelos Oikonomou, Charles C Maynard, Dimitris Fotiadis, Kostas Stefanou, Michail Papafaklis, Lampros Michalis, Charles Feldman, Amir Lerman, Peter H Stone
BACKGROUND: Local hemodynamic factors are important determinants of atherosclerotic plaque development and progression. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the association between low endothelial shear stress (ESS) and microvascular and epicardial endothelial dysfunction in patients with early atherosclerosis. METHODS: Sixty-five patients (mean age 52 ± 11 years) with nonobstructive coronary atherosclerosis (luminal diameter stenosis <30%) were included...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746924/comparison-of-the-mikrogen-multi-target-elisa-with-the-mikrogen-recomline-immunoblot-for-the-detection-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-igg-antibodies-in-serum-in-infertile-women
#20
E F van Ess, S Ouburg, J A Land, S A Morré
OBJECTIVES: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) IgG serology is used in many fertility clinics in order to estimate the risk for tubal factor infertility (TFI) in the fertility work-up. The predictive value for TFI of the currently used mono-target CT serology test should be improved. This study compares the performance of the new multi-target Mikrogen recomWell CT IgG ELISA with the Mikrogen recomLine CT immunoblot and visualizes distribution of individual antibodies in serum with the immunoblot in order to potentially improve the current CT IgG serology test that is clinically used...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
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