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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140617/methods-of-collecting-and-analyzing-rearward-visibility-data-for-agricultural-machinery-hazard-and-or-object-detectability
#1
Shawn G Ehlers, William E Field, Daniel R Ess
Recent interest in rearward visibility for private, construction, and commercial vehicles and documentation of rearward runovers involving bystanders outside the field of vision of the vehicle operator led to an investigation into the need for enhanced methods of rearward visibility for large, off-highway, agricultural equipment. A review of the literature found limited relevant research and minimal data on incidents involving rearward runovers of bystanders and co-workers. This article reviews the findings regarding the methods identified and tested to collect and analyze rearward visibility data, from the operator's perspective, for large self-propelled agricultural equipment, including the four-wheel drive tractors, combines, agricultural sprayers, and skid-steer loaders that are increasingly found on agricultural production sites...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136690/-values-of-jazf1-gene-rearrangement-detected-by-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-in-diagnosis-of-endometrial-stromal-tumours
#2
Q M Bai, B Chang, X Y Tu, R Bi, Y F Cheng, D Huang, X L Zhu, L J Wu, X Zhang, X Y Zhou, W T Yang
Objective: To investigate the role of JAZF1 gene rearrangement in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of endometrial stromal sarcomas by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Methods: JAZF1 gene rearrangement was analyzed by FISH in 129 cases of ESS diagnosed from January 2008 to December 2016 including 105 cases of low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (LG-ESS), 21 cases of high-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (HG-ESS) and 3 cases of undifferentiated uterine sarcoma (UUS). Sixteen cases of the related tumours in uterus were also collected as control group...
November 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129030/effects-of-cpap-and-mandibular-advancement-device-treatment-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Martha Schwartz, Luis Acosta, Yuan-Lung Hung, Mariela Padilla, Reyes Enciso
The purpose of this review is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) with a mandibular advancement device (MAD) in improving the quality of life (sleepiness, cognitive, and functional outcomes) in patients diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Authors identified randomized, placebo-controlled studies from MEDLINE through PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library. Studies were assessed for inclusion and exclusion criteria, as well as risk of bias...
November 11, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122085/influence-of-chitosan-based-dressing-on-prevention-of-synechia-and-wound-healing-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#4
Jie Liu, Quan Zeng, Xia Ke, Yucheng Yang, Guohua Hu, Xuan Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) has had many complications, e.g., synechia formation. This meta-analysis investigated the effect of a novel chitosan-based dressing on prevention of synechia and wound healing after ESS. METHODS: We systematically searched various medical literature data bases and included the randomized controlled trials (RCT) regarding the effect of novel chitosan-based dressing on ESS. The study outcomes included synechia, granulations, hemostasis, crusting scores, and infection...
November 4, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122083/biocompatibility-and-pharmacokinetics-of-fluticasone-eluting-sinus-implant-in-a-rabbit-model
#5
Vishal S Patel, Evan Walgama, Alkis Psaltis, Francois Lavigne, Steven D Pletcher, Peter H Hwang
BACKGROUND: A novel, bioabsorbable, fibrinogen-based implant has been developed as a mucosal dressing after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). This implant can be formulated with fluticasone propionate (FP) for local elution of corticosteroid to reduce postoperative inflammation and promote mucosal healing. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the biocompatibility and pharmacokinetics of the implant in a rabbit model. METHODS: Implants with and without FP were placed on both intact and demucosalized maxillary sinuses of 33 New Zealand White rabbits...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122081/gender-specific-differences-in-serum-immunoglobulin-e-levels-and-prevalence-of-fungus-in-sinonasal-tissue-noted-in-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-who-underwent-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#6
Antoine Azar, Matthew A Rank, Matthew A Zarka, Yu-Hui Chang, Devyani Lal
BACKGROUND: We previously presented that women with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) who elected endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) have a higher symptom burden than men. Causes of these gender-based differences warranted further study. OBJECTIVES: To study gender differences in another cohort of adult patients with CRS who underwent ESS and to compare key histopathologic and serologic features Methods: Patients with CRS who underwent ESS (from 2011 to 2014) with structured histopathology reports on surgical samples were studied...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121638/impact-of-inability-to-turn-in-bed-assessed-by-a-wearable-three-axis-accelerometer-on-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Kenji Uchino, Makoto Shiraishi, Keita Tanaka, Masashi Akamatsu, Yasuhiro Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Difficulty turning over in bed is a common night-time symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD). We aimed to quantitatively evaluate overnight turnover movements using a three-axis accelerometer and to investigate whether inability to turn in bed is related to daytime sleepiness, sleep quality, and depressive mood in PD patients. METHODS: We examined 64 patients with PD (mean age, 73.3±8.21 years; modified Hoehn-Yahr [mH-Y] stage, 3.0±1.0; disease duration, 7...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121334/pharmacotherapy-of-apnea-by-cannabimimetic-enhancement-the-pace-clinical-trial-effects-of-dronabinol-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#8
David W Carley, Bharati Prasad, Kathryn J Reid, Roneil Malkani, Hryar Attarian, Sabra M Abbott, Boris Vern, Hui Xie, Chengbo Yuan, Phyllis Zee
Study Objectives: There remains an important and unmet need for fully effective and acceptable treatments in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). At present, there are no approved drug treatments. Dronabinol has shown promise for OSA pharmacotherapy in a small dose-escalation pilot study. Here, we present initial findings of the Phase II PACE (Pharmacotherapy of Apnea by Cannabimimetic Enhancement) trial, a fully-blinded parallel groups, placebo-controlled randomized trial of dronabinol in patients with moderate or severe OSA...
November 7, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117882/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-association-with-restless-legs-syndrome-diabetes-mellitus-obesity-and-sleep-disordered-breathing
#9
Pavel Šiarnik, Katarína Klobučníková, Pavol Šurda, Matúš Putala, Stanislav Šutovský, Branislav Kollár, Peter Turčáni
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep disorders are frequent in stroke patients. The prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), and restless legs syndrome (RLS) among stroke survivors is up to 91%, 72%, and 15%, respectively. Although the relationship between EDS and SDB is well described, there are insufficient data regarding the association of EDS with RLS. The aim of this study was to explore the association between EDS, SDB, and RLS in acute ischemic stroke...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116571/quality-of-life-in-adult-patients-with-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophies
#10
Marina Peric, Stojan Peric, Jelena Stevanovic, Sara Milovanovic, Ivana Basta, Ana Nikolic, Aleksandra Kacar, Vidosava Rakocevic-Stojanovic
Although limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD) can cause permanent disability, to date there are no studies that examined quality of life (QoL) in these patients. Our aim was to evaluate QoL in patients with LGMD, and to identify the most significant predictors of QoL. The study comprised 46 patients with diagnosis of limb-girdle muscular weakness. QoL in patients was evaluated using two scales-SF-36 questionnaire and the Individualized Neuromuscular Quality of Life questionnaire (INQoL). Following scales were also applied: Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Hamilton Scale for Depression (HamD), and Krupp's Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS)...
November 7, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114833/effect-of-a-single-dose-of-oral-opioid-and-nonopioid-analgesics-on-acute-extremity-pain-in-the-emergency-department-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Andrew K Chang, Polly E Bijur, David Esses, Douglas P Barnaby, Jesse Baer
Importance: The choice of analgesic to treat acute pain in the emergency department (ED) lacks a clear evidence base. The combination of ibuprofen and acetaminophen (paracetamol) may represent a viable nonopioid alternative. Objectives: To compare the efficacy of 4 oral analgesics. Design, Settings, and Participants: Randomized clinical trial conducted at 2 urban EDs in the Bronx, New York, that included 416 patients aged 21 to 64 years with moderate to severe acute extremity pain enrolled from July 2015 to August 2016...
November 7, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114733/sodium-oxybate-for-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-and-sleep-disturbance-in-parkinson-disease-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Fabian Büchele, Marc Hackius, Sebastian R Schreglmann, Wolfgang Omlor, Esther Werth, Angelina Maric, Lukas L Imbach, Stefan Hägele-Link, Daniel Waldvogel, Christian R Baumann
Importance: Sleep-wake disorders are a common and debilitating nonmotor manifestation of Parkinson disease (PD), but treatment options are scarce. Objective: To determine whether nocturnal administration of sodium oxybate, a first-line treatment in narcolepsy, is effective and safe for excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and disturbed nighttime sleep in patients with PD. Design, Setting, and Participants: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover phase 2a study carried out between January 9, 2015, and February 24, 2017...
November 6, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107458/imaging-facilities-adherence-to-pi-rads-v2-minimum-technical-standards-for-the-performance-of-prostate-mri
#13
Steven J Esses, Samir S Taneja, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess variability in imaging facilities' adherence to the minimum technical standards for prostate magnetic resonance imaging acquisition established by Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) version 2 (v2). METHODS: A total of 107 prostate magnetic resonance imaging examinations performed at 107 unique imaging facilities after the release of PI-RADS v2 and that were referred to a tertiary care center for secondary interpretation were included...
October 26, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106778/evolution-of-soft-palate-surgery-techniques-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-a-comparative-study-for-single-level-palatal-surgeries
#14
Mohamed S Rashwan, Filippo Montevecchi, Giovanni Cammaroto, Mohamed Badr El Deen, Nagi Iskander, Diaa El Hennawi, Mohammed El Tabbakh, Giuseppe Meccariello, Riccardo Gobbi, Francesco Stomeo, Claudio Vicini
OBJECTIVES: to compare the results of tissue preservation techniques of soft palate surgeries including expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty (ESP) and barbed reposition pharyngoplasty (BRP) for patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with the traditional uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP). DESIGN: interventional comparative study. SETTING: Morgagni- Pierantoni Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: seventy five patients were included in the study, divided into three groups with 25 patients per group: UPPP, ESP or BRP...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105347/outcomes-after-complete-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-and-aspirin-desensitization-in-aspirin-exacerbated-respiratory-disease
#15
Nithin D Adappa, Viran J Ranasinghe, Michal Trope, Steven G Brooks, Jordan T Glicksman, Arjun K Parasher, James N Palmer, John V Bosso
BACKGROUND: In this study we assessed patient outcomes after complete endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and aspirin desensitization for patients with aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients with aspirin challenge-proven AERD who underwent complete ESS followed by aspirin desensitization. Outcomes assessed included need for revision surgery and quality-of-life measures using the 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcomes Test (SNOT-22)...
November 3, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105336/sleep-quality-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-moderate-to-very-severe-copd
#16
Buket Akinci, Gökşen Kuran Aslan, Esen Kiyan
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is highly associated with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). Poor sleep quality found related with decreased quality of life in COPD patients but no study assessed this relationship on the basis of nocturnal sleep parameters. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to explore relationships between sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, and quality of life in moderate to very severe COPD patients with and without sleep apnea assessed objectively and compare sleep quality, quality of life and daytime sleepiness in COPD patients with and without sleep apnea...
November 4, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101760/sexual-dysfunction-in-premenopausal-women-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#17
Zahide Yilmaz, Pinar Bekdik Sirinocak, Bekir Voyvoda, Levent Ozcan
PURPOSE: Sexual functions in the males with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) have been well investigated in the literature; however sexual functions in the premenopausal women with OSAS have been studied to a lesser extent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 22 premenopausal women diagnosed as OSAS by the polysomnographic (PSG) evaluation. The control group included 13 premenopausal women suspected of sleep-relatedrespiratory disorder, but whose PSG tests were determined to be normal...
November 4, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099731/update-on-pediatric-sinus-surgery-indications-and-outcomes
#18
David A Gudis, Zachary M Soler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recent literature of pediatric endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). RECENT FINDINGS: Sinus balloon catheter dilation is an important addition to the surgical treatment tools for pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (PCRS). ESS is a safe and effective therapeutic modality for uncomplicated PCRS. For PCRS complicated by comorbidities including cystic fibrosis and primary ciliary dyskinesia, ESS and adjuvant medical therapy confers significant sinus, pulmonary, and quality of life benefits to pediatric patients...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098299/safety-and-effectiveness-of-a-bioabsorbable-steroid-releasing-implant-for-the-paranasal-sinus-ostia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Amber Luong, Randall A Ow, Ameet Singh, Robert L Weiss, Joseph K Han, Roland Gerencer, J Pablo Stolovitzky, James W Stambaugh, Aarthi Raman
Importance: Suboptimal outcomes of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) are often associated with restenosis and inflammation of frontal sinus ostia. Steroid-releasing sinus implants have been shown to maintain sinus patency by minimizing inflammation and scar tissue formation. An hourglass-shaped, bioabsorbable, steroid-releasing implant was developed to provide mechanical support and optimize drug delivery to paranasal sinus ostia. Objective: To assess the safety and efficacy of the hourglass-shaped, bioabsorbable, steroid-releasing sinus implant in improving postoperative outcomes when placed in the frontal sinus ostia (FSO) following ESS in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)...
November 2, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098086/effect-of-exercise-intervention-on-flow-mediated-dilation-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Younsun Son, Kyungun Kim, Soeun Jeon, Minsoo Kang, Sukho Lee, Yoonjung Park
The objective of this meta-analysis is to summarize the effect of exercise intervention on flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) in overweight and obese adults. We searched four electronic databases (PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and CINAHL) through June 2016 for relevant studies pertaining to the effectiveness of exercise intervention on FMD. Seventeen of the 91 studies identified met the inclusion criteria. Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software (version 3) was used to compute the standardized mean difference effect size (ES) and 95% CI using a random effects model...
2017: International Journal of Vascular Medicine
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