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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820468/resveratrol-in-hepatitis-c-patients-treated-with-pegylated-interferon-%C3%AE-2b-and-ribavirin-reduces-sleep-disturbance
#1
Manuela Pennisi, Gaetano Bertino, Caterina Gagliano, Michele Malaguarnera, Rita Bella, Antonio Maria Borzì, Roberto Madeddu, Filippo Drago, Giulia Malaguarnera
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus infection and interferon treatment have shown to be risk factors for sleep disorder health-related quality of life. AIM: To determine whether the effects of resveratrol on sleep disorders were associated with different tests in subjects with chronic hepatitis C treated with Peg-IFN-α and RBV. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, placebo controlled, double blind clinical trial, 30 subjects (Group A) with chronic hepatitis received Pegylated-Interferon-α2b (1...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819530/assessment-of-sphenoid-sinus-related-anatomic-variations-with-computed-tomography
#2
Figen Tunalı Turkdogan, Kenan Ahmet Turkdogan, Murat Dogan, Mehmet Haydar Atalar
INTRODUCTION: Frequent and broad application of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in parallel with experience makes it imperative to know the anatomy and the existing pathology very well before surgery. This study examines the association between anomalies in the sphenoid sinus area in paranasal sinuses computed tomography (PNS-CT) and pathological findings and determines variations of sphenoid sinus. METHODS: A total of 200 cases (100 women, 100 men) who had PNS-CT in the emergency and radiology polyclinics within the period of one year were included in this study...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818699/apathy-in-people-with-epilepsy-and-its-clinical-significance-a-case-control-study
#3
Jong-Geun Seo, Gun-Hee Lee, Sung-Pa Park
PURPOSE: Apathy as a state of decreased motivation has not been highlighted in people with epilepsy (PWE). We investigated its clinical significance in PWE. METHODS: We invited adult PWE who had been administered antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) for at least 1year and compared them with age- and gender-matched healthy controls. Eligible participants completed several questionnaires including the Apathy Evaluation Scale-Self (AES-S), the Korean version of the Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy (K-NDDI-E), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), and the Quality of Life in Epilepsy-10 (QOLIE-10)...
August 8, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815784/nursing-care-for-stroke-patients-a-survey-of-current-practice-in-eleven-european-countries
#4
Zeliha Tulek, Ingrid Poulsen, Katrin Gillis, Ann-Cathrin Jönsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To conduct a survey of the clinical nursing practice in European countries in accordance with the European Stroke Strategies (ESS) 2006, and to examine to what extent the ESS have been implemented in stroke care nursing in Europe. BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability globally. Optimal organisation of interdisciplinary stroke care is expected to ameliorate outcome after stroke. Consequently, universal access to stroke care based on evidence-based guidelines is a priority...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815611/the-value-of-frontal-sinusotomy-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps-a-cost-utility-analysis
#5
George A Scangas, Ashton E Lehmann, Aaron K Remenschneider, Brooke M Su, Mark G Shrime, Ralph Metson
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The number of surgical procedures performed for frontal sinusitis and the associated costs have increased dramatically over the past decade. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of endoscopic frontal sinusotomy (EFS) in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort-style Markov decision-tree economic model with a 36-year time horizon. METHODS: Matched cohorts of CRSwNP patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) with (n = 139) and without (n = 49) EFS were compared to each other and to patients (n = 139) from the Medical Expenditures Survey Panel database who underwent medical management for chronic rhinosinusitis...
August 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815442/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-secondary-chronic-headache-from-the-general-population
#6
Espen Saxhaug Kristoffersen, Knut Stavem, Christofer Lundqvist, Michael Bjørn Russell
BACKGROUND: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS, defined as Epworth sleepiness scale score > 10) is a common symptom, with a prevalence of 10-20% in the general population. It is associated with headache and other chronic pain disorders. However, little is known about the prevalence of EDS among people with secondary chronic headaches. FINDINGS: A total of 30,000 persons aged 30-44 from the general population was screened for headache by a questionnaire. The 633 eligible participants with self-reported chronic headache were interviewed and examined by a headache specialist who applied the International Classification of Headache Disorders with supplementary definitions for chronic rhinosinusitis and cervicogenic headache...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815331/meta-analysis-of-the-long-term-treatment-effects-of-psychological-interventions-in-youth-with-ptsd-symptoms
#7
REVIEW
Jana Gutermann, Laura Schwartzkopff, Regina Steil
To date, the long-term effectiveness of psychological treatments in reducing post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in children and adolescents has not been investigated extensively. This meta-analysis quantifies the long-term effects of psychological interventions in children and adolescents with PTSD symptoms and examines the period-dependent follow-up (FU) effects based on 47 studies. The mean FU effect sizes (ESs) for PTSD symptoms ranged from medium (between treatment ESs for controlled studies) to large (within treatment ESs for uncontrolled studies; pooled analysis including all studies)...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814959/poor-sleep-is-highly-associated-with-house-dust-mite-allergic-rhinitis-in-adults-and-children
#8
Damien Leger, Bénédicte Bonnefoy, Bernard Pigearias, Bertrand de La Giclais, Antoine Chartier
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are often underreported to physicians by patients with allergies. This study aimed to characterize the sleep disorders associated with respiratory allergy to house dust mites (HDM) at the time of initiation of sublingual allergen immunotherapy (SLIT) in routine clinical practice. METHODS: This prospective, cross-sectional, observational study was conducted between November 2014 and March 2015 at 189 French trial sites and included 1750 participants suffering from HDM allergy who were initiating SLIT...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814353/pre-and-postoperative-blood-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-and-eosinophil-to-lymphocyte-ratios-in-patients-with-sinonasal-polyps-a-preliminary-investigation
#9
Giuseppe Brescia, Umberto Barion, Claudia Zanotti, Daniela Parrino, Gino Marioni
BACKGROUND: Identifying specific endotypes within the broad picture of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), by using biomarkers for instance, remains a challenge. The prognostic role of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the eosinophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (ELR) as potential markers of inflammation has already been discussed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare NLR and ELR before and after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and nasal mometasone furoate for CRSwNP by stratifying patients by their clinical and histologic features...
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810509/spatiotemporal-assessment-and-trade-offs-of-multiple-ecosystem-services-based-on-land-use-changes-in-zengcheng-china
#10
Xiao Sun, Feng Li
Driven by rapid urbanization, land use change has become a significant factor influencing ecosystem services (ESs). To support the decision-making process of city planners and policy makers, assessing the spatiotemporal changes associated with multiple ESs is vital. In this study, we developed a general structure to assess the changes of multiple ESs in Zengcheng, China. A new index also was developed to measure the comprehensive ecosystem service (CES). Trade-offs of various ESs were analyzed by using correlation analysis...
August 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809606/a-comparative-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-concussion-on-a-computerized-neurocognitive-test-and-self-reported-symptoms
#11
Bara Alsalaheen, Kayla Stockdale, Dana Pechumer, Steven P Broglio, Gregory F Marchetti
CONTEXT:   Meta-analyses examining construct-specific cognitive impairment concurrently with self-reported symptoms postconcussion are sparse. OBJECTIVE:   To review the literature on the effects of concussion on construct-specific neurocognitive declines and to compare them with self-reported symptoms before 1 week and between 1 and 3 weeks postconcussion. DATA SOURCES:   Relevant studies in PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO published from January 1, 1999 through November 30, 2015...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808850/non-rem-sleep-disordered-breathing-affects-performance-on-the-psychomotor-vigilance-task
#12
Takuro Kitamura, Soichiro Miyazaki, Hiroshi Kadotani, Takashi Kanemura, Harun Bin Sulaiman, Shoko Takeuchi, Takahisa Tabata, Hideaki Suzuki
PURPOSE: Although many studies have investigated the clinical importance of sleep apnea on rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM (NREM) sleep, the relationship between behavioral performance and apneic events during different sleep phases remains unclear. In the present study, we sought to investigate the effect of sleep phase fragmentation due to sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) during REM and NREM on the vigilance and sustainability of attention based on psychomotor vigilance task (PVT) performance...
August 14, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806502/efficacy-of-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-following-primary-radiotherapy-and-concurrent-chemotherapy-for-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#13
Noel Ayoub, Evan Walgama, Andrew Thamboo, Jayakar V Nayak, Peter H Hwang
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a downstream complication following radiotherapy or chemoradiation for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is an accepted therapy for medically refractory CRS, but its efficacy in addressing CRS symptoms in patients with previously irradiated NPC is unclear. METHODS: All patients at the Stanford Sinus Center with a history of radiation therapy or chemoradiation for NPC between 2006 and 2015 were reviewed...
August 14, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804702/testing-socio-cultural-valuation-methods-of-ecosystem-services-to-explain-land-use-preferences
#14
Katja Schmidt, Ariane Walz, Berta Martín-López, René Sachse
Socio-cultural valuation still emerges as a methodological field in ecosystem service (ES) research and until now lacks consistent formalisation and balanced application in ES assessments. In this study, we examine the explanatory value of ES values for land use preferences. We use 563 responses to a survey about the Pentland Hills regional park in Scotland. Specifically, we aim to (1) identify clusters of land use preferences by using a novel visualisation tool, (2) test if socio-cultural values of ESs or (3) user characteristics are linked with land use preferences, and (4) determine whether both socio-cultural values of ESs and user characteristics can predict land use preferences...
August 2017: Ecosystem Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802388/adenotonsillectomy-outcomes-in-children-with-sleep-apnea-and-narcolepsy
#15
Sneh Biyani, Tina D Cunningham, Cristina M Baldassari
OBJECTIVE: To identify improvements in daytime sleepiness following adenotonsillectomy in children with non-severe obstructive sleep apnea and narcolepsy. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review over 15 years. SETTING: Tertiary Children's Hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Children between 6 and 17 years of age with narcolepsy that underwent adenotonsillectomy for non-severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) were included...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793046/influence-of-the-tilt-angle-of-percutaneous-aortic-prosthesis-on-velocity-and-shear-stress-fields
#16
Bruno Alvares de Azevedo Gomes, Gabriel Cordeiro Camargo, Jorge Roberto Lopes Dos Santos, Luis Fernando Alzuguir Azevedo, Ângela Ourivio Nieckele, Aristarco Gonçalves Siqueira-Filho, Glaucia Maria Moraes de Oliveira
Background: Due to the nature of the percutaneous prosthesis deployment process, a variation in its final position is expected. Prosthetic valve placement will define the spatial location of its effective orifice in relation to the aortic annulus. The blood flow pattern in the ascending aorta is related to the aortic remodeling process, and depends on the spatial location of the effective orifice. The hemodynamic effect of small variations in the angle of inclination of the effective orifice has not been studied in detail...
August 7, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793044/reproducibility-and-reliability-of-qtc-and-qtcd-measurements-and-their-relationships-with-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-hemodialysis-patients
#17
Maria Angélica Gonçalves Alonso, Valentine de Almeida Costa de Castro Lima, Maria Angela Magalhães de Queiroz Carreira, Jocemir Ronaldo Lugon
Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is very common in hemodialysis patients and an independent risk factor for mortality in this population. The myocardial remodeling underlying the LVH can affect ventricular repolarization causing abnormalities in QT interval. Objective: to evaluate the reproducibility and reliability of measurements of corrected QT interval (QTc) and its dispersion (QTcd) and correlate these parameters with LVH in hemodialysis patients...
August 7, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777362/-the-role-of-subjective-methods-for-the-evaluation-of-sleep-quality
#18
A Yu Gortseva, L S Korostovtseva, M V Bochkarev, Yu V Sviryaev, A O Konradi
AIM: To assess the accuracy of questions evaluating the quality and duration of sleep. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Target population included residents of St. Petersburg, who participated in the epidemiological study ESSE-RF. Out of 1417 participants, 136 individuals agreed to undergo additional sleep evaluation, and 49 subjects underwent polysomnography study for objective sleep evaluation. All participants were interviewed for subjective sleep assessment (standard questionnaires and Pittsburgh sleep quality index questionnaire)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776933/factors-affecting-fatigue-severity-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
Soo A Kim, Brian B Koo, Do Eui Kim, Young Hwangbo, Kwang Ik Yang
OBJECTIVES: A limited number of studies have investigated the relationships among fatigue, insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This study evaluated the factors affecting fatigue severity in patients with OSA. METHODS: We investigated 633 OSA patients who were diagnosed by polysomnography. All patients completed sleep questionnaires including self-reported sleep duration, the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), the Korean version of Epworth Sleepiness Scale (K-ESS), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Korean version of Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (K-PSQI) and Beck Depression Inventory-2 (BDI-2)...
August 4, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776718/analysis-of-factors-associated-with-electing-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#20
Adam S DeConde, Jess C Mace, Vijay R Ramakrishnan, Jeremiah A Alt, Timothy L Smith
OBJECTIVE: Medically refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) can be managed with appropriate continued medical therapy (CMT) or surgery followed by CMT. Patients who initially elect CMT and do not experience adequate symptom resolution may "cross over" to endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Our objective was to identify patient covariates associated with this subset of patients who elect this change in treatment modality. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a prospective, multi-center cohort of adult patients with CRS enrolled between March 2011 and June 2015 in academic, tertiary referral clinics...
August 4, 2017: Laryngoscope
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