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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103110/engaging-fathers-in-effective-parenting-for-preschool-children-using-shared-book-reading-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Anil Chacko, Gregory A Fabiano, Greta L Doctoroff, Beverly Fortson
Engaging fathers and improving their parenting and, in turn, outcomes for their children in preventive/promotion-focused parenting interventions has been a notable, but understudied, challenge in the field. This study evaluated the effects of a novel intervention, Fathers Supporting Success in Preschoolers: A Community Parent Education Program, which focuses on integrating behavioral parent training with shared book reading (i.e., Dialogic Reading) using key conceptual models (i.e., common elements, deployment model, task shifting) to engage and improve father (i...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102087/relationship-quality-of-persons-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome
#2
Francesco Tramonti, Michelangelo Maestri, Luca Carnicelli, Giulia Fava, Valentina Lombardi, Martina Rossi, Monica Fabbrini, Elisa Di Coscio, Elena Iacopini, Enrica Bonanni
In the field of sleep disorders, the quality of couple relationship is arousing increasing attention, given its implications for quality of life and treatment adherence. The aim of the present study was to evaluate relationship quality in a sample of treated or untreated patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome. Eighty-seven patients were recruited in a hospital-based Centre for Sleep Medicine. Subjects were administered the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) to evaluate relationship quality, and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099664/costs-of-public-pharmaceutical-services-in-rio-de-janeiro-compared-to-farm%C3%A3-cia-popular-program
#3
Rondineli Mendes da Silva, Rosângela Caetano
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the costs of public pharmaceutical services compared to Farmácia Popular Program (Popular Pharmacy Program). METHODS: Comparison between prices paid by Aqui Tem Farmácia Popular Program (Farmácia Popular is available here) with the full costs of medicine provision by the Municipal Health Department of Rio de Janeiro. The comparison comprised 25 medicines supplied by both the municipal pharmaceutical service and Aqui Tem Farmácia Popular Program...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099652/path-of-infectious-diseases-in-brazil-in-the-last-50-years-an-ongoing-challenge
#4
Eliseu Alves Waldman, Ana Paula Sayuri Sato
In this article, we comment on the main features of infectious diseases in Brazil in the last 50 years, highlighting how much of this path Revista de Saúde Pública could portray. From 1967 to 2016, 1,335 articles focusing on infectious diseases were published in Revista de Saúde Pública. Although the proportion of articles on the topic have decreased from about 50.0% to 15.0%, its notability remained and reflected the growing complexity of the research required for its control. It is noteworthy that studies design and analysis strategies progressively became more sophisticated, following the great development of epidemiology in Brazil in the recent decades...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099586/serotoninergic-modulation-of-basal-cardiovascular-responses-and-responses-induced-by-isotonic-extracellular-volume-expansion-in-rats
#5
Isadora Ferraz Semionatto, Adrieli Oliveira Raminelli, Angelica Cristina Alves, Caroline Santos Capitelli, Rosangela Soares Chriguer
Background: Isotonic blood volume expansion (BVE) induced alterations of sympathetic and parasympathetic activity in the heart and blood vessels, which can be modulated by serotonergic pathways. Objective: To evaluate the effect of saline or serotonergic agonist (DOI) administration in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) on cardiovascular responses after BVE. Methods: We recorded pulsatile blood pressure through the femoral artery to obtain the mean arterial pressure (MAP), systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR) and the sympathetic-vagal ratio (LF/HF) of Wistar rats before and after they received bilateral microinjections of saline or DOI into the PVN, followed by BVE...
January 16, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093761/soul-in-the-world-symbolic-culture-as-the-medium-for-psyche
#6
Warren Colman
Whilst the loss of a sense of living connection with the material world is mainly associated with the scientific revolution in seventeenth century Europe, it can be traced back to Plato's introduction of a hierarchy between soul and body. Jung's attempted solution to this - esse in anima - is ingenious but maintains the Cartesian split by which the aliveness of the world is reduced to a projection of psychic forces (the archetypes). An alternative approach is proposed, rooted in the Aristotelean emphasis on practical activity that sees the soul as a function of our way of being in the world...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089836/delayed-csf-rhinorrhea-after-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-with-or-without-preceding-transsphenoidal-resection-for-pituitary-pathology
#7
Avital Perry, Christopher S Graffeo, William R Copeland, Kathryn M Van Abel, Matthew L Carlson, Bruce E Pollock, Michael J Link
BACKGROUND: Skull base cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak after gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is a very rare complication. In patients who were treated with both GKRS and transsphenoidal resection (TSR) for pituitary lesions, early CSF leak occurs at a comparable rate to the general TSR population (4%). Delayed CSF leak occurring more than a year after TSR, GKRS, or dual therapy, is exceedingly rare. METHODS: Retrospective chart review and review of the literature RESULTS: We present two cases of delayed CSF leak following GKRS to treat pituitary adenoma...
January 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076484/an-innovative-ex-vivo-model-for-rapid-change-of-the-papilla-for-teaching-advanced-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-procedures
#8
Everson L A Artifon, Thaisa S Nakadomari, Leandro Y Kashiwagui, Emilio A Belmonte, Cláudio R Solak, Spencer Cheng, Carlos K Furuya, Jose P Otoch
Background: Models for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography training allow practice with an expert feedback and without risks. A method to rapidly exchange the papilla can be time saving and accelerate the learning curve. Aim: To demonstrate a newly method of rapid exchange papilla in ex-vivo models to teach retrograde cholangiopancreatography advanced procedures. Methods: A new model of ex-vivo papilla was developed in order to resemble live conditions of procedures as cannulation, papilotomy or fistula-papilotomy, papiloplasty, biliary dilatation, plastic and metallic stentings...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074330/comparison-of-core-needle-biopsy-and-excision-specimens-for-the-accurate-evaluation-of-breast-cancer-molecular-markers-a-report-of-1003-cases
#9
Jie Chen, Zu Wang, Qing Lv, Zhenggui Du, Qiuwen Tan, Di Zhang, Bingjun Xiong, Helin Zeng, Juxiang Gou
In this study, we compared the accuracy of marker evaluation in core needle biopsy (CNB) specimens versus excision specimens (ESs) from breast cancer patients. This retrospective study used data collected from the breast cancer database at the West China Hospital, China. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) results from CNB specimens and ESs were compared, using estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), and Ki-67 as markers. Molecular subtyping and endocrine therapy usage correlations based on CNB samples and ESs were evaluated...
January 10, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070779/hydrolytic-activity-of-esterase-antibody-complexes-retained-within-gel-capsules-after-complex-isolation
#10
Youji Shimazaki, Rino Miyatsuka
Delipidation in biological samples is important for some diagnostic tests and protein analyses. Lipids in the samples can be hydrolyzed by native esterases (ESs) within gel capsules after ES, and ES-antibody complexes are specifically trapped, extracted, and separated. Acrylamide and agarose gel capsules containing complexes of ES antibody were produced after the complexes were extracted using protein A-immobilized membranes, separated by non-denaturing electrophoresis, and stained by colloidal silver using glucose as a reductant...
January 9, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070704/sleep-disturbances-in-patients-of-liver-cirrhosis-with-minimal-hepatic-encephalopathy-before-and-after-lactulose-therapy
#11
Jatinderpal Singh, Barjesh Chander Sharma, Vinod Puri, Sanjeev Sachdeva, Siddharth Srivastava
Sleep disturbances are common in patients of cirrhosis with minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) and affect health related quality of life (HRQOL). No study has evaluated effect of lactulose on sleep disturbances and correlation with HRQOL in patients with MHE. We assessed sleep disturbances in cirrhosis with MHE and effect of lactulose on sleep disturbances and HRQOL. One hundred patients of cirrhosis [MHE; (n = 50, age 45.3 ± 11.2 years, 45 males) no-MHE (n = 50, age 46.3 ± 10.4 years, 44 males)] were included...
January 9, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064431/the-prevalence-and-clinical-significance-of-sleep-disorders-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients-a-questionnaire-study
#12
Keun Tae Kim, Hye-Jin Moon, Jun-Gyu Yang, Sung-Ii Sohn, Jeong-Ho Hong, Yong Won Cho
PURPOSE: Sleep disturbances are frequently reported in stroke patients and associated with the outcome of strokes. Using sleep questionnaires, we investigated the prevalence of classified sleep disturbance and the influence of sleep disorders upon a stroke prognosis. METHODS: Patients with acute ischemic strokes or transient ischemic attacks (TIA) were included. We investigated the prevalence of sleep disturbance and the association of outcomes resulting from strokes...
January 7, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057162/-prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-in-professional-drivers-and-the-relationship-with-traffic-accidents
#13
Y Liu, C L Tu, W F Yao, Y F Yu, Z Wang, J R Hu
Objective: To study the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and its relationship with traffic accidents in the professional drivers. Methods: Questionnaires of OSAHS were sent to 950 professional drivers who had annual physical examination at the Central Hospital of Jiading District in Shanghai from October 2014 to September 2015. Those with moderate to severe snoring and/or Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)≥9 performed the home sleep testing. All drivers were divided into OSAHS and non-OSAHS according to the survey and monitoring...
December 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054298/obesity-hypersomnolence-and-quality-of-sleep-the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery
#14
Thisciane Ferreira Pinto, Pedro Felipe Carvalhedo de Bruin, Veralice Meireles Sales de Bruin, Paulo Marcos Lopes, Francisco Ney Lemos
PURPOSE: Obesity is commonly associated with poor sleep, excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and depressive mood but the impact of bariatric surgery on these conditions is incompletely understood. This study aimed to investigate the course of EDS and sleep quality in bariatric surgery patients in relation with changes in body weight and depressive symptoms. METHODS: In patients consecutively submitted to bariatric surgery, baseline and postoperative sleep quality were evaluated by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), excessive daytime sleepiness by the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), risk for OSA by the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ), and depressive symptoms by the Beck Depression Inventory-Short Form (BDI)...
January 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054022/low-grade-endometrial-stromal-sarcoma-with-extensive-sex-cord-differentiation-heterologous-elements-and-complex-atypical-hyperplasia-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
Abby M Richmond, Andrew J Rohrer, Susan A Davidson, Miriam D Post
•Endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) may have sex cord differentiation, usually focal.•Diagnosis of ESS is difficult when variant morphology predominates.•Prognosis differs between ESS and UTROSCT; therefore, distinction is critical.•Extensive tumor sampling is mandatory to identify neoplastic endometrial stroma.•Sex cord differentiation may be associated with endometrial hyperplasia.
February 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050420/effect-of-cpap-therapy-in-improving-daytime-sleepiness-in-indian-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-osa
#16
Gulshan Battan, Sanjeev Kumar, Ajay Panwar, Virendra Atam, Pradeep Kumar, Anil Gangwar, Ujjawal Roy
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is a highly prevalent disease and a major public health issue in India. Excessive daytime sleepiness is an almost ubiquitous symptom of OSA. Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) score is a validated objective score to measure the degree of daytime sleepiness. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy has been established as the gold standard treatment modality for OSA patients. A few Indian studies have reported the effectiveness of CPAP therapy in improving ESS scores after 1(st) month of CPAP use...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048785/su-f-j-08-quantitative-spect-imaging-of-ra-223-in-a-phantom
#17
J Yue, R Hobbs, G Sgouros, E Frey
PURPOSE: Ra-223 therapy of prostate cancer bone metastases is being used to treat patients routinely. However, the absorbed dose distribution at the macroscopic and microscopic scales remains elusive, due to the inability to image the small activities injected. Accurate activity quantification through imaging is essential to calculate the absorbed dose in organs and sub-units in radiopharmaceutical therapy, enabling personalized absorbed dose-based treatment planning methodologies and more effective and optimal treatments...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045604/technical-failure-of-mr-elastography-examinations-of-the-liver-experience-from-a-large-single-center-study
#18
Mathilde Wagner, Idoia Corcuera-Solano, Grace Lo, Steven Esses, Joseph Liao, Cecilia Besa, Nelson Chen, Ginu Abraham, Maggie Fung, James S Babb, Richard L Ehman, Bachir Taouli
Purpose To assess the determinants of technical failure of magnetic resonance (MR) elastography of the liver in a large single-center study. Materials and Methods This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board. Seven hundred eighty-one MR elastography examinations performed in 691 consecutive patients (mean age, 58 years; male patients, 434 [62.8%]) in a single center between June 2013 and August 2014 were retrospectively evaluated. MR elastography was performed at 3.0 T (n = 443) or 1...
January 3, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036120/associations-of-pain-intensity-and-pain-related-disability-with-psychological-and-socio-demographic-factors-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-specialized-dental-clinic
#19
Naichuan Su, Frank Lobbezoo, Arjen van Wijk, Geert J M G van der Heijden, Corine M Visscher
The study assessed whether psychological and socio-demographic factors, including somatization, depression, stress, anxiety, daytime sleepiness, optimism, gender and age are associated with pain intensity and pain-related disability in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). In total, 320 TMD patients were involved in the study. The psychological status of each patient was assessed with questionnaires, including the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), Epworth Sleeping Scale (ESS), stress questionnaire, and Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R)...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033167/the-effects-of-exercise-training-on-brachial-artery-flow-mediated-dilation-a-meta-analysis
#20
Kate S Early, Abigail Stewart, Neil Johannsen, Carl J Lavie, Jerry R Thomas, Michael Welsch
PURPOSE: Flow-mediated dilation, a barometer of cardiovascular (CV) health, is reported to increase with exercise training (ET); however, the potential moderating factors of ET are not clear to date. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of ET assessed by brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (BAFMD). METHODS: Authors searched PubMed between January 1999 and December 2013, bibliographies, and reviews to identify studies examining ET and BAFMD. Two independent reviewers extracted quality, descriptive, exercise, and outcome data of eligible studies...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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